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The Dutch Republic of the 17th Century

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					The Dutch Republic of the 17th
          Century
             Past History
1. Charles V – abdicates to son Philip
2. Fought with Spain
3. Divided into a northern union and the
   Spanish south
4. Won Independence from Spain in 1848
   (Peace of Westphalia)
      The Dutch Republic
A. The Dutch republic, known as
 the United Provinces of the
 Netherlands, won its
 independence from Spain – as
 confirmed by the Peace of
 Westphalia in 1848
        The Dutch Republic
1. Dutch achievements in Science, art, and
  literature were exceptional – a “golden
  age”
       The Dutch Republic
B. Power in the republic resided in
 local Estates
    1. The republic was a
    confederation: a weak union of
    strong provinces
    2. The republic was based on
    values of thrift, frugality, and
    religious toleration, including
    that for Jews
       The Dutch Republic
B.
     3. Religious toleration
     fostered economic growth
      The Dutch Republic

C. The fishing industry was the
 cornerstone of the Dutch
 economy – stimulating
 shipbuilding, an huge
 merchant marine, and other
 industries
      The Dutch Republic

D. The Dutch East India
 Company was formed in 1602;
 it cut heavily into Portuguese
 trading in East Asia
      The Dutch Republic

1. The Dutch West India
   company, founded in 1621,
   traded extensively in Latin
   America and Africa
2. Wages were high for all and
   most people ate well
      The Dutch Republic

E. War with France and
 England in the 1670’s hurt the
 United Provinces

				
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posted:10/2/2011
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