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					                 Herefordshire Community Safety and Drugs Partnership
                   APPG / LGiU Inquiry 2009: Justice in Communities

Safer communities funding for Herefordshire has traditionally been a small amount and t he
fact that this has now been translated into LAA arrangements means that the pot for
Community Safety work continues to be small percent age of the whole and at risk of being
further reduced.

The fact that LAA funding is issued year on year limits the sustainability of projects and
makes ongoing investment in prevention more difficult. Need longer term funding that would
enable s ustainable projects that could be relied upon to provide support over a longer period
of time.

Some projects, including the SHIFT project are funded through external funds, but thes e too
are time limited.
Youth v’ s Adult
The YJ system tends to be an end-t o-end process, that means that once a young pers on
enters it then several agencies, but predominantly YOT, take an interest during the whole
time they are in the system. The position for adults is that they receive assessments,
decisions & interventions at specific/key points. This means that no one has an int erest in
them until it gets to "their bit" hence the view that partnership working in the CJ system isn't
as advanced as in other sectors (the YJ system for example).

The recent JYB national review of MAPP in YOT has also identified simpler issues where
MAPP, an adult concept, is misapplied by those co-c oordinating MAPP (usually probation or
police) using an adult model for yo ung people, failing to agree it doesn't quite fit & being
unable to adapt to something they aren't used to.

This said, HCSDP have consistently supported integrated working within adult services. This
is evidenced by re-structuring of CJ drugs services, which is based within the Probation
Services office.
Service Needs
Wrap around services that deliver support for housing, rec reation, training and education,
benefits advise, substance misuse and family support clearly have an impact on offenders
and their re-integration into the community.

These services are offered in Herefordshire, but are not available for all offenders, for
example the Floating S upport Pilot gives priority to people who are already known to, or in
receipt of s ervices from, the Drug Intervention Programme (DIP ), the P riority Prolific Offender
(PPO) team, Probation and the Criminal Justice Intervention team.

The offer of this more holistic approach to offending behaviour would be of benefit to all
offenders, but limited funds inevitably leads to limited services.
Effectivene ss of Partnership Working
Both the Police and the Probation service are committed CDRP partners acting as Chair and
vice chair respectively for the HCS DP Strat egy Group. Other CJS partners have not been as
engaged historically, however recent developments around t he domestic abuse agenda have
meant that the courts and the CPS have become more involved in the partnership’s work.
Leadership and Strategy
Local delivery is favoured as it enables local priorities to be met, rat her than the potential one
size fits all of the national down model. The problem comes where locally criminal justice work
isn't seen a as priority and funded accordingly, which in turn leads to national frameworks
being issued. We don't want a return to justice by geography. The growt h of national
structures has led to bigger areas covered more remot ely, less local knowledge & therefore
less public support. Most consultations end up favouring the " Heartbeat" approach; know your
local police, court etc.

In terms of being able to deliver at a local level Offender Management is a priority for HCSDP

and is included in our current 3 years strategy. DIP, AARS, PPO, Violent Crime and Domestic
Abuse are all included within the wider offender management remit. The strategic lead for this
work is the Probation Area Manager for Herefordshire, who also sits on the HCSDP strategy
group. This enables a co-ordinated approach both at operational and strategic levels and it
would the offender management group that would co-ordinate a’ justice in the community
strategy’ should one be needed loc ally. Such a strategy would then be overseen at a senior
management level via the HCS DP strategy group.

There are a number of concerns around about the development of "executive justice" that's to
say where agencies are making more & more decisions without court scrutiny. The court
protects our rights & it can be a short step from wanting to solve a problem to developing
unfair & discriminat ory practices with no safeguards. PPO processes can be an example of
this slippage in some cases, as courts are deliberately not informed of PPO status des pite the
fact that it this status that leads decision making outside of court.

Shift Project

There is increasing evidence that people who have high levels of pers onal need are oft en
assisted by being able to concentrate their energy on working on the land e.g. through
woodland projects and care farm initiatives. Herefordshire have developed the SHIFT project,
which is a care farm initiative that enables offenders (including DIP and PPO clients) to
develop land-based skills. Herefords hire is a predominately rural county so the development
of rural skills and knowledge directly contribut e to the chances of offenders finding gainful

Probation are looking at further developing this project across a wider number of partners
including local NFU representatives to look at broadening the employment opportunities for

The project is funded and support ed by a number of partners including Probation, West
Mercia Constabulary and Herefordshire Community Safety and Drugs Partnership.

Community Payback

There is an active c ommunity payback scheme bas ed at the Probation Servic e in
Herefordshire. Offenders engaged in unpaid work that is of value to the community develop
new skills and int erests that lead to an increase in employability. The Community Protection
Unit (E nvironment and Culture Directorate) has worked with Probation to set up a project
working with offenders to revitalise a local area.

STEPS Project

Herefordshire Probation service is working with the Learning and Skills Council to provide
education, training and employment for offenders in Herefordshire.

Alcohol Arrest Referral Scheme (AARS)

The alcohol arrest referral scheme provides direct access for the Police to the Community
Alcohol Service (CAS). Police can refer to Community Alcohol Service as part of a Bail
Condition or as an alternative to paying a Fixed Penalty Fine. The Service provides
assessment education and brief interventions around alcohol use. It also offers the
opportunity for referral onto ot her s ervices if appropriate. The s ervice is available on
MONDAYS only and is staffed by 2 Band 6 Nurses, a Band 3 administrator and an alcohol c o-
ordinator with access to police systems.

The AARS business plan has recently been confirmed by the Community Alcohol Service
(CAS) The Police are referring over 18’s, Hereford residents, providing bail conditions/ fixed
penalty notices and are providing 6 monthly audits of re offending rates.

The future of this project is currently being reviewed through a cost/benefit analysis.

PPO – Herefordshire (Update from 21st Jan 09meeting)

There are currently twenty-three multi agency Prolific and Priority Offenders identified in
Herefordshire. Following a multi agency review, a total of eight PPO’s were removed from the

   There are fourteen PPO’s currently living in the community.
   Six PPO’s are being supervised by the ACCLA IM project.
   Five PPO’s are subject to weekly drug testing as condition of their license or order.
   Five PPO’s are currently engaged in drug treatment with DAS H and t wo with Community
    Alcohol Service.
   Two PPO’s are attending the SHIFT care farm project.
   There are six PPO’s in the community who are not subject to statutory supervision.
   Three of these are receiving support and guidance from the PPO scheme on a voluntary
   There are currently six PPO’s in the criminal justice system (arrest to sentence).

Drugs Conditional Cautioning Pilot

West Mercia LCJB want to see conditional cautioning appear t hroughout the West Mercia
area, leading to the Hereford pilot. There were 177 conditional cautions last year in West
Mercia areas, which isn’t many. Conditional cautioning needs to be straight forward and if
appropriate low-level adult offenders will be referred.

Herefordshire DIP has put together a pack for the scheme, which includes a screening t ool
(giving an insight into those appropriate for c onditional cautioning). Conditional Cautioning
appointments are available the first Tuesday of every month 9am – 7pm. Outside of this; the
SPOC (Single Point of Contact) number should be used to make appointments. Initially one
session will be provided from the caution, with the hope to guide offenders into relevant
service areas. Hereford DIP was ready to accommodate people from the 07/04/2009.

Floating Support Pilot

This service is available to people over the age of 18 who live in Herefordshire and are
assessed as being vulnerable or at risk of homelessness as a result of drugs misuse, alcohol
abuse or offending behaviour. Priority is given to those people who are already known to, or
in receipt of services from, t he Drug Intervention Programme (DIP ), the Prolific and P riority
Offender (PPO) team, Probation and the Criminal Justice Int ervention team.

It is clear that people with substance mis use issues oft en experience difficulty in securing
tenancies and in developing the skills to enable them t o maint ain their tenancies when they
get them. This can occur for a variety of reasons. The main aim of this pilot project is to
explore the options available and to 'trial' a more integrated model of service delivery which
includes closer partnership working between agencies, co-location of services and a more
joined up approach t o meeting the needs of individuals. The data collected throughout this
pilot scheme will be used to inform the future development of services for these client groups.

This 18-month scheme delivers housing-related support as part of a 'wrap around' service.
The support is provided alongside the clients structured treatment and/or criminal justice
intervention to ens ure that wider issues, such as enabling clients to access and maint ain
housing and employment, manager debt and contribute to their community in a wort hwhile
manner and to reintegrat e into the community.

Service commenced on 1st October 2008. At the 6-month service review meeting t he
following figures were reported:

Total number of referrals to dat e: 96

Referred sources:

   Probation (48)
   DASH (21)
   DIP (4)
   Self (11)
   Attended drop in (6)
   Other (6)

Submitted - 01.05. 09


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