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					 International Training Center of ILO

       Programme for Workers’ Activities
                (ACTRAV)




  COURSE DESCRIPTION




                   A3-50351

      ITC-ILO/ACTRAV/ICFTU-APRO
Trade Union Training on Youth Employment for
    Leaders of National Youth Committees
            in Asia and the Pacific
          (Bangkok: 10/05 – 15/05/2004)
1. BACKGROUND
 Training is one of the major functions of trade unions. Training of their members and
 officials is essential to strengthen the organization and improve its various functions.
 Particularly in view of the involvement of trade unions in an increasing number of social
 and economic issues in the recent years, it has become even more vital for the unions to
 continue and expand their training activities for both their leaders and members.

 The Workers' Education Programme of the Bureau for Workers' Activities (ACTRAV) of
 the ILO assists trade unions in their training activities in order to expand their membership
 and activities and to enhance their capacity of representing members, to improve their
 negotiating skills, and participating in various decision-making processes.                The
 Programme for Workers’ Activities of the International Training Centre of the ILO
 (ACTRAV-Turin) is an integral part of this ILO/ACTRAV’s Education Programme, and has
 a specific task of implementing various training activities to assist trade unions in
 strengthening their expertise and training capacity in current strategic technical issues.

 This training course, “A3-50351: ITC-ILO/ACTRAV/ICFTU-APRO Trade Union Training on
 Youth Employment for Leaders of National Youth Committees in Asia and the Pacific”, is
 designed to meet the specific training needs of national trade union centers in Asia and the Pacific
 region with regard to developing technical capacities of leaders and activists of their youth
 structures in the area of youth employment. This is part of our continuous efforts in
 institutionalizing and strengthening trade union youth structures in the region, which in turn is
 expected to mainstream trade union agenda and activities for young workers in the overall trade
 union policies and programmes.

 The current priority agenda for trade unions in Asia and the Pacific are no different from the other
 unions in the rest of the world. Key issues are how to effectively address such issues as: declining
 membership, weakening social and economic protection of workers, increasing unemployment and
 underemployment, expanding informal economy, accelerating flexibilization and casualization of
 work, and so forth. Unquestionably, these are the dark side effects of the current economic and
 social integration process undergoing world-wide, whereby young workers are being put into the
 most vulnerable position, both economically and socially, and are indeed being most severely
 affected. Therefore, in order for trade unions to effectively address those issues, it is strategically
 crucial to become much more attentive to the needs and interests of young workers, and to spend
 more resources in organizational programmes and activities directly targeting young workers.

 Under this context, it is indeed a good sign that youth activities are becoming more structured and
 institutionalized in trade unions in Asia and the Pacific region. The formalization of the ICFTU-
 APRO Youth Committee and institutionalization of youth structures at national level have been the
 driving force of this welcoming trend. Now, the next important step is to have a pool of able
 leaders and activists within the youth structures who can lead and guide programmes and activities
 to be implemented by the youth organizations. For this purpose, it is necessary for the regional
 trade union movement to provide leaders of their youth structures with systematic training and
 education opportunities on the issues that concern young workers.

 The ITC-ILO/ACTRAV organized the first training programme for leaders of ICFTU-APRO
 Youth Committee in October 2002, with the main focus on strengthening the participants’
 capacities in the area of Freedom of Association and Right to Collective Bargaining. The main
 focus of this second activity is on “Youth Employment”, that is one of the main priority issues to
 be tackled by the ICFTU-APRO Youth Committee as well as by the entire trade union movement
 in the region. The main target of the activity is to enable participants to produce quality policy and
 strategy proposals on youth employment which will become the basis for future actions by their
 respective youth organizations.

 It will try to achieve this goal by focusing on the technical discussions at the venue of Youth
 Employment Network of UN/ILO/WB and by sharing practical knowledge and experiences of
 participants in their respective countries. Upon the completion of the course, participants are
 expected to play an active role in mainstreaming the issue of youth employment within the regional
 trade union movement, and in strengthening the overall capacity of their youth organizations in this
 subject area.


2. DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES
 This activity will contribute to:
     1) Institutionalizing the youth structures within the national trade unions and strengthening
        their functioning and programming capacities;
     2) Promoting effective participation of youth representatives in decision making processes of
        their trade unions, in particular on, but not confined to, the social and economic issues
        relevant to young workers;
     3) Establishing and consolidating a communication network of the leaders of trade union
        youth structures, which can then promote internationally coordinated solidarity actions
        and campaigns to promote agenda for young workers; and
     4) Mainstreaming youth employment agenda in the social and economic policies of their
        trade unions so as to make positive influence over national labour market discussions
        concerning youth employment.



3. IMMEDIATE OBJECTIVES
 Upon completion of the course, the participants will be able to:

     a)   Relate major employment challenges being now faced by young workers with the
          impact of globalization and other socio-economic factors in order to identify
          causes of various youth employment problems;
     b)   Understand the current strategic objectives and structure of the International
          Labour Organization and its Bureau for Workers’ Activities (ACTRAV), with a
          special focus on their policies, programs and specific activities on the youth
          employment agenda;
     c)   Use key labour market indicators to analyze labour market trends with a view to
          assessing and predicting their impact on young workers;
     d)   Make comparative analyses of national as well as trade union policies and
          strategies on youth employment in Asia and the Pacific region so as to design
          most suitable policy approaches to their own problems;
     e)   Mainstream gender issues in youth employment discussions and decision-
          makings;
     f)   Actively take part in international networks of trade unionists, in particular of youth
          leaders, for regular and timely information sharing and skill enhancement; and
     g)   Propose projects/programmes/campaigns/actions for their respective youth
          structures as well as for ICFTU-APRO Youth Committee with a view to
          addressing specific youth employment problems.


4. MAJOR OUTPUTS
 This training course is expected to produce the following outputs by the end of the programme:

     1) 18 youth leaders/activists who have the following skills and knowledge:
                   To identify main causes of youth employment problems and propose
                   effective solutions for them;
                   To propose a national or sub-regional campaigns/activities/training
                   programmes for youth organizations on the issue of youth employment;
                   To effectively participate in organizational/national/international
                   discussions and decision makings on youth employment to represent
                   voices of young workers;
     2) 18 individual action plans (project proposal) that aim to address a specific cause
        of youth employment problems and to achieve a desirable outcome within a
        specific timeframe;
     3) An action plan for ICFTU-APRO Youth Committee that will guide the committee to
        effectively develop its policies and strategies on youth employment, which will in
        turn be discussed at the ICFTU-APRO Regional Conference in January 2005;
     4) Training materials/methodologies/case studies on youth employment that can be
        used by the course participants in their future activities; and
     5) A communication network of the 18 youth leaders/activists whereby they continue
        to communicate with each other to exchange information about youth employment
        issues and their actions on them and to create a database of information.



5. PARTICIPANTS
 This training programme will invite 16 members of the ICFTU-APRO Youth Committee,
 representing 16 trade union national centres in 15 countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Two
 additional national centres in the region will also be invited to send a participant to the course. The
 total number of participants will, therefore, be 18.

 Participants must be an official of the national trade union centre (or if it is so decided by the
 national centres, from national industrial federation) who is:

            A leader of the organization’s youth structure (e.g. youth committee or youth
            section/unit, etc.); and
            In a position to propose and implement policies/action plans for their
            organization’s programmes and activities for young workers.

 The selection of the participants will be made with careful attention to:
            Their experience in trade union activities, and knowledge on their own
            organizations, current national/organizational agenda and priority in relation to
            youth employment; and
            Their level of involvement in the regional and international trade union
            movements.


 Their respective organizations are expected to take the full advantage of their participation in this
 training programme. The leadership is expected to provide maximum organization support for
 their preparations to the course and implementation of their work plans after the programme.



6. COURSE STRUCTURE AND CONTENTS

 The course will comprise the following sections:

    1). Globalization and its impact on workers
            In a group discussion, participants are invited to report on their current social and
            economic situations with main focuses on various impacts of globalization and its effect
            on youth employment. Reports should include:
                       Description of current social and economic situations in their country,
                       including,    among      others,    GDP      trends,    unemployment/
                       underemployment, productivity, inflation, trades and investments,
                       foreign reserves, exchange rates, changes in industrial structure,
                       wages and working conditions, etc. with special attention to young
                       workers;
                       Explanation about current trade union situations in their country,
                       including, among others, membership trends, labour-management
                       relations, freedom of association, collective bargaining and
                       agreements, establishment of new unions, social dialogues, and
                       major violations of workers’ rights (e.g. EPZ, public service), etc, with
                       special attention to young workers;
                       Analyses of impact of globalization in their country in relation to the
                       current social and economic problems identified in the previous
                       sections;
                       Trade union actions and campaigns that have been implemented by
                       their organizations, aiming to address the current labour problems.
            Then, each group will try to summarize the current regional trends in socio-economic
            situations identifying major causes of problems.


    2) ILO and Bureau for Workers’ Activities (ACTRAV)
            The participants will learn about the International Labour Organization and its Bureau
            for Workers’ Activities with main focus on their current programmes and activities on
            youth employment agenda. The subjects to be covered are:
                       Mission, current strategic objectives and structures of the ILO;
                       Concept of tripartism and how tripartism is ensured within the ILO;
                       Roles and functions of ACTRAV and its regional structure and
                       programmes; and
                       Current ILO’s policies and programmes on youth employment and
                       programmes in the World and in Asia and the Pacific region, with a
                 special attention to the activities of Youth Employment Network
                 (YEN).


3) Introduction to International Labour Standards (ILS)
      The participants will study the basics about international labour standards with main
      focus on promotion of workers’ participation in the overall procedures and mechanisms
      of ILS. The subjects to be covered are:
                 Discussions, submission, ratification, notification of new standards;
                 Regular and special supervisory mechanisms;
                 Role of the workers’ organizations in the process;
                 Freedom of Association and Right to Collective Bargaining;
                 ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and
                 its Follow-up; and
                 International standards concerning employment.


4) Introduction to labour market information and analyses of youth employment
   trends
      The participants will analyze the current employment situations/trends in the world and
      in the region with a special focus on the situations of young workers. The analyses will
      try to predict a youth employment trend in future, which will be a basis for their policy
      discussions in the subsequent sessions.
                 Current labour market situations in the world and in Asia/Pacific
                 region;
                 Youth employment trends with a view to their commonalities and
                 differences across the countries in the region;
                 Prediction of youth employment trends in the next 5 years.


5) Identification of main causes of youth employment problems
      Based on the current labour market analyses, the participants will discuss and identify
      main causes of the youth employment problems so as to devise effective trade union
      responses to the causes. The discussions will focus on:
                 Relationship between globalization and youth employment problems;
                 National macroeconomic policies and youth employment problems;
                 National    education/training/retraining  schemes   and     youth
                 employment problems; and
                 Other factors affecting youth employment.


6) Youth employment policies and strategies
      The participants will receive inputs from resource persons on practical experiences of
      trade unions, governments and civil society in selected countries in successfully or
      unsuccessfully tackling issues of youth employment, and will also share their own
      experiences in their respective organizations. They will then discuss and try to propose
      the best approaches and steps to be taken by their organizations to address specific
      youth employment problems identified by them. The main focuses will be placed on:
                      Enhancing employability by improving educational and training
                      systems, and effective elimination of digital divide;
                      Insuring equality among young women and men;
                      Promoting youth entrepreneurship;
                      Integration of youth employment policies into a comprehensive
                      employment policies and strategies;
                      Institutional reforms that strengthen the adaptability of socio-
                      economic institutions and mechanisms to the problems of young
                      workers;
                      Integration of informal economy into the mainstream of economic and
                      social activities;
                      Strategies for employment generation in new industries:
                      Promotion of social protection (social safety nets) that can meet
                      specific needs of young workers;
                      Protection of rights of young workers, especially of economically and
                      socially vulnerable groups such as women and migrants.


    7) Promotion of networking
           Information will be provided to the course participants on existing international
           networks among trade union activists for regular exchanges of information, experiences
           and ideas on various social and economic issues. They will then discuss on a number of
           available options for establishing their own communication network for the ICFTU-
           APRO Youth Committee.


    8) Development of individual work plans
           Based on the overall discussions during the programme, the participants develop
           individual work plans that try to address specific youth employment problems faced by
           their own organizations/members. Such work plans, reflecting new ideas, concepts,
           approaches and strategies obtained in the course, should specifically identify:
                      Youth employment problem(s) to be tackled by this project;
                      Reasons why it is important to address the problem(s);
                      Target group, development objectives and immediate objectives;
                      Indicators of achievements and major outputs;
                      Activities with strategic planning of actions and inputs
                      Reporting, monitoring and evaluation mechanisms
                      Financial implications (budget)
           The participants will present their work plans at the end of the programme, and will try
           to implement it after returning to their organization. The implementation of work plans
           will be the basis for future follow-up activities.


7. COURSE PREREQUISITES

 Each participant, once selected, must complete the following prerequisites in preparation for the
 programme:

    1) Country/organizational report
           For the benefit of course discussions, each participant requires to prepare and submit in
           advance a Country/Organizational Report. The report should cover, as minimum
           requirements, the following topics:
                    Description of current social and economic situations in their country,
                    including,     among      others,    GDP       trends,     unemployment/
                    underemployment, productivity, inflation, trades and investments,
                    foreign reserves, exchange rates, changes in industrial structure, wages
                    and working conditions, etc. with special attention to young workers;
                    Explanation about current trade union situations in their country,
                    including, among others, membership trends, labour-management
                    relations, freedom of association, collective bargaining and agreements,
                    establishment of new unions, social dialogues, and major violations of
                    workers’ rights (e.g. EPZ, public service), etc, with special attention to
                    young workers;
                    Analyses of impact of globalization in their country in relation to the
                    current social and economic problems identified in the previous sections,
                    and actions being taken by the trade union movement in addressing
                    negative sides of the impact of globalization;
                    Trade union actions and campaigns that have been implemented by
                    their organizations, aiming to address the current labour problems;
                    Proposals for trade union policies and strategies on youth employment.

    2) Documents/Materials
           The participants are also requested to collect resource materials on youth employment
           and bring them to the venue of the course. Such materials could include:
                    National     labour   market   policies    and     youth   employment
                    policies/strategies;
                    Trade union decisions, campaign and training materials on youth
                    employment issues;
                    Any materials produced by the youth structures;
                    Any other materials that may be of interest to the course and useful for
                    their own study/research work.


8. METHODOLOGY

 The learning methods used in the course will acknowledge the participants' level of competence
 and experience, taking into account the proposition that they already have practical experience in
 the field of employment policies/youth employment. An active learning will be employed through
 the course, which will encourage the participants to be fully involved in all aspects of training.



9. SUPPORT MATERIALS

 Training modules, handouts, CD-ROMs and booklets dealing with the course subject will be
 distributed to participants. They will also learn how to locate on the Internet specific resource
 materials related to youth employment, and more generally labour market information and policies.
10. LANGUAGE

 The course will be conducted in English. Most of the sessions will be accompanied with active
 discussions and debates among participants, and therefore, participants must be able to fully
 involve themselves in such discussions and other exercises/activities in English.



11. DURATION AND STARTING DATE

 The course will be conducted in Bangkok, Thailand for 6 days, starting from 10 May 2004 until 15
 May 2004. The venue will be:
       The Asian Workers Occupational Health, Safety and Environment Institute (OHSEI)
       Sindhorn Building 15th Floor, Tower 3,
       130-132 Wittayu Rd., Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, THAILAND
       Tel: +66-2-2632330        Fax: +66-2-650-9346       E-mail: ohse@ohseinstitute.org

 Participants will be staying at the following hotel in Bangkok:
       Bangkok Palace Hotel
       1091/336 New Petchburi Rd., Bangkok 10400 Thailand
       Tel: +66-2-253-0510 Fax: +66-2-2530556




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