Introduction to Playing and Practice Seasons by pengxiuhui

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									Introduction to
Playing and Practice Seasons
Brandy Hataway and Doug Healey
Academic and Membership Affairs
Overview
• General information.

• In-season hour limitations and permissible activities.

• Out-of-season hour limitations and permissible
  activities.

• Safety exception.

• Preseason practice dates and calendars.

• Resources.
Guiding Principle
The time required of student-athletes (SAs) for
participation in intercollegiate athletics shall be
regulated to minimize interference with their
opportunities for acquiring a quality education in a
manner consistent with that afforded to the general
student-body.
                                    NCAA Constitution 2.14
Countable Athletically Related Activities
• Any required activity with an athletics purpose.

• At the direction of, or supervised by, a coach.

• Includes strength and conditioning coaches.


                                        NCAA Bylaw 17.02.1
Countable Athletically Related Activities
Exclusions:

• Administrative meetings (e.g., compliance forms).

• Activities incidental to participation (e.g., injury
  rehabilitation, ankle taping).


                                                Bylaw 17.02.1
Monitoring Strategies

Real Time Information   After the Fact Information

• Random polling of     • Exit interviews.
  SAs.
                        • Open forums.
• Comment box.
                        • Practice logs.
• Observe practices.
                        • Educational meetings.
Voluntary Athletically Related Activities
• Not required to report back.
  ▫ Includes athletics department staff members.
     e.g., strength coach, trainer, manager.

• Initiated and requested by the SA.

• Attendance and participation not recorded.

• No penalty for not participating.

• No recognition or incentives for participating.

                                                Bylaw 17.02.13
Playing Season
• Time between first official practice and last practice
  session or date of competition.

• Only permissible to conduct practice and competition
  during the playing season.

• Same playing season for varsity and subvarsity teams.

                                               Bylaw 17.1.1
Segments of Playing Season
• Sports other than football and basketball.
  ▫ Not more than two distinct segments.
     Championship segment.
     Nonchampionship segment.

                                                  Bylaw 17.1.2

• Football and basketball.
  ▫ Start of preseason practice and end of regular playing
    season determined by NCAA legislation.

                                       Bylaws 17.3.1 and 17.9.1
Length of Playing Season
• Team sports = 132 days.

• Individual sports = 144 days.

• Women's rowing = 156 days.

• Indoor and outdoor track and field = 156 days.

                                            Bylaw 17._.1
General Regulations
• Makeup contests.
• NCAA or NAIA championship participation.
  ▫ Team sports.
  ▫ Individual sports.
• Post-NCAA championship participation.
• Conference championships.
• Non-NCAA postseason championships participation.
• Foreign tours.


                                             Bylaw 17.1.7
Declaration of Playing Season
• Institutions must declare the playing season for each
  sport.

• Kept on file in the athletics department.
  ▫ In writing.
  ▫ Prior to the beginning of playing season for that sport.

• Changes should be filed with the director of athletics'
  office.

                                                 Bylaw 17.1.3
Definition of a Day/Week
• Day: a calendar day (i.e., midnight (12 a.m.) through
  11:59 p.m.).

• Week: as any seven consecutive days.
  ▫ Institutions may define their week (e.g., Monday
    through Sunday, Saturday through Friday, etc.).
     Week defined by sport – not institution.
  ▫ Institutions may not change the seven-day period for
    the remainder of the segment.


                                                 Bylaw 17.1.6.3
In-Season Hour Limitations
• Maximum of 20 hours per week.
• Maximum of four hours per day.
  ▫ Golf practice round exception.
    ▫ May exceed four hours but 20-hour limit still applicable.
    ▫ At tournament site day before tournament = three hours.

• Multisport SAs.
  ▫ Limited to four hours per day and 20 hours per week.

• Competition day = three hours.
  ▫ Includes any associated athletically related activities.
                                        Bylaws 17.1.6.1 and 17.1.6.3.2
In-Season Hour Limitations
• Practice after competition is prohibited
  ▫ Exception: between contests, rounds or events during a
    multiday or multi-event competition.

• Countable athletically related activities are prohibited
  between midnight and 5 a.m.
  ▫ Exceptions:
      Conference or NCAA championship.
      Contest that begins before but concludes after midnight.
      Promotional practice activity (e.g., first practice of season).


                                                            Bylaw 17.1.6
In-Season Hour Limitations
• Must take one day off each week.
  ▫ Includes final exam periods.

  ▫ May use travel day as day off, provided no countable
    athletically related activities occur.

  ▫ Basketball exception.


                                               Bylaw 17.1.6
 In-Season Hour Limitations: Exceptions
• Daily and weekly hour limitations do not apply during:
  ▫ Preseason practice before first day of class or
    competition, whichever is earlier.
  ▫ Institutional vacation periods.

• Daily and weekly hour limitations do apply during final
  exam periods.


                                                 Bylaw 17.1.6.4
 Missed Class Time
• SAs may not miss class to attend practice.
  ▫ Regular academic term, mini term or summer term.

• Exceptions – practice in conjunction with:
  ▫ Away-from-home contest.
  ▫ Conference or NCAA championship.
  ▫ Practice activities after reporting for home contest.
     Associated pregame activities necessary for the contest.
     May 22, 1991, staff interpretation.


                                                     Bylaw 17.1.6.6.1
 Missed Class Time
• Exceptions:
  ▫ On-campus practice prior to departing to away-from-
    home contest.
     Practice activities must occur on day of departure.
     February 20, 1991, staff interpretation.
  ▫ Home contest at site (other than the institution’s regular
    home facility) located outside institution’s locale.
     February 10, 1999, staff interpretation.


                                                 Bylaw 17.1.6.6.1
Case Study 1
• Men’s basketball team loses home game to its in-state rival, 101-69.
  Game ends at 9:30 p.m.
• Coach wants to have practice and conditioning after the fans and
  media have cleared the arena.
   ▫ Is this permissible?
         No. Countable athletically related activities (CARA) after competition is
          prohibited unless between contests, rounds or events during multi-day
          or multi-event competition.
                                                                 Bylaw 17.1.6.3.2.1

   ▫ What if the players report back to the arena at 12:01 a.m.?
         No. CARA is prohibited between midnight and 5 a.m. unless: (1)
          Conference/NCAA championship, (2) Competition begins before but
          concludes after 12 a.m.; or (3) Promotional practice activity.
                                                                   Bylaw 17.1.6.6.2
Case Study 2
• Volleyball team is leaving for away-from-home
  contest at 3 p.m.

• Coach wants to have practice from 12:30 to 2:30 p.m.
  before the team departs.
 ▫ Can SAs miss class to attend practice?
     Yes. May miss class to attend on-campus practice prior to
      departing to away-from-home contest.


                      February 20, 1991, staff interpretation
Out-of-Season Hour Limitations
• Limited to eight hours per week.

• Required two days off per week.

• Countable athletically related activities prohibited
  one week prior to final exams through conclusion of
  each SA’s exams.

                               Bylaws 17.1.6.2 and 17.1.6.5
Out-of-Season Hour Limitations
• Permissible activities:
  ▫ Weight training.
  ▫ Conditioning.
  ▫ Football film review.
      Maximum of two hours per week.
  ▫ Sports other than football - skill instruction.
      Maximum of two hours per week.

                                                Bylaw 17.1.6.2
Out-of-Season Hour Limitations
• Conditioning drills – all sports:
  ▫ May simulate game activities provided:
    ▫ No offensive or defensive alignments are set up; and
    ▫ No equipment related to the sport is used.
      ▫ Exceptions: Ice hockey (skates for on-ice conditioning) and
        swimming and diving (e.g., starting blocks, kickboards and
        pull buoys).


                                                    Bylaw 17.1.6.2.4
Out-of-Season Hour Limitations
• Skill instruction – sports other than football/baseball.
  ▫ No limit on number of SAs.
      September 15 - April 15.
  ▫ Limited to four SAs.
      First day of classes to September 15; and
      April 15 until week prior to final exams.
      At any one time in any facility.

                                                   Bylaw 17.1.6.2.2
Out-of-Season Hour Limitations
• Skill instruction - baseball only.
  ▫ No limit on number of SAs.
     • September 15 until one week prior to fall final exams.
     • January 15 - April 15.
  ▫ Limited to four SAs .
     • First day of classes until September 15.
     • First day of classes for second term until January 15.
        •   For institutions that begin classes prior to January 15.
     • April 16 until one week prior to final exam period.
     • At any one time in any facility.

                                                             Bylaw 17.1.6.2.3
Out-of-Season Hour Limitations –
Skill Instruction – Publicity
• Skill-related instruction:
  ▫ Shall not be publicized; and
  ▫ Shall not be conducted in view of a general public
    audience.


                               Bylaws 17.1.6.2.2 and 17.1.6.2.3
Out-of-Season Hour Limitations – Football
• Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS).
  ▫ Activities between last contest and January 1:
      Weight training, conditioning and film review.
  ▫ January 1 and the start of preseason practice:
      Weight training, conditioning and film review.
      Eight weeks designated as SA discretionary time (on file).
          No required workouts and no recommendations to engage in strength
           and conditioning training.
          Strength and conditioning coach may monitor facility for health and
           safety purposes.
  ▫ Limited to eight hours per week, with not more than two
    hours spent on film review.
                                                Bylaws 17.1.6.2 and 17.9.6
Out-of-Season Hour Limitations – Football
• NCAA Football Championship Subdivision (FCS).
  ▫ Last contest and the start of summer conditioning:
      Weight training, conditioning and film review.
      Limited to eight hours per week, with not more than two hours
       spent on film review.
                                                            Bylaw 17.1.6.2
• Summer conditioning (FBS/FCS).
  ▫ Nine consecutive weeks between end of year and first
    permissible reporting date.
  ▫ One week of SA discretionary time and eight weeks of
    nonmandatory weightlifting and conditioning.

• Spring practice (FBS/FCS).
                                     Bylaws 17.9.6.1, 17.9.6.2 and 17.9.6.4
Out-of-Season Vacation Periods
• CARA is prohibited outside the playing season during
  a vacation period.
  ▫ Includes summer vacation.
                                               Bylaw 17.1.6.2.1

• In individual sports, coaches may participate in
  individual workout sessions with SAs from their team.
  ▫ SA must initiate/request the assistance.
Out-of-Season Vacation Periods
• Department-wide strength and conditioning coaches
  may design and conduct specific workout programs
  for SAs, provided such workouts:
  ▫ Are voluntary; and
  ▫ Are conducted at the request of the SA.
  ▫ In FCS football, certified strength and conditioning
    coaches may also be countable coaches.

                                              Bylaw 17.1.6.2.1
Case Study 3
• FBS football coach wants to focus on his team’s
  “football IQ” during the off-season.

• Coach plans to have his SAs spend four hours per
  week doing weight training and four hours per
  week watching film.
  ▫ Is this permissible?
     No – maximum of two hours per week out of season
      doing film review.

                                             Bylaw 17.1.6.2
Case Study 4
• Men’s basketball team loses in the conference
  championship game March 12.
• Not selected for NCAA Tournament or NIT.
• Coach plans skill instruction before the NCAA
  championship game, which is scheduled for April 4.
  • Is this permissible?
    ▫ Yes. Out-of-season skill instruction is permissible before
      conclusion of NCAA championship.
  • Is the skill instruction limited to four SAs?
    ▫ No. No limit September 15 to April 15.

                                                        Bylaw 17.1.6.2
Safety Exception
• Coach may be present:
  ▫ During voluntary individual workouts.
  ▫ In the institution’s regular practice facility.
  ▫ Involving use of sport-specific equipment.

• Coach may provide safety or skill instruction but
  cannot conduct the individual’s workout.

                                                      Bylaw 17._.7
Safety Exception - Applicable Sports

      Equestrian                   Skiing

       Fencing             Swimming and Diving

      Gymnastics               Track and Field
                      (Field events, jumping hurdles and
                      jumping elements of steeplechase).

        Rowing                   Water Polo


         Rifle                    Wrestling
Dates and Calendars
Preseason Practice – Start Dates
•   NCAA fall championship sports (other than football/volleyball):
    ▫ 21 practice units prior to first contest.
•   Football:
    ▫ 40 practice units prior to first contest.
    ▫ Not more than 29 on-field practices.
•   Women’s volleyball:
    ▫ 29 practice units prior to the first contest or September 1 (whichever is later).
•   Men’s basketball:
    ▫ Not earlier than 5 p.m. of the Friday nearest to October 15 (e.g., October 14,
      2011).
•   Women’s basketball:
    ▫ Not earlier than 5 p.m. on the date that is 40 days prior to the first regular
      contest (no more than 30 days of countable athletically related activities ).
•   All other sports:
    ▫ September 7 or the first day of classes (whichever is earlier).
Formula for Determining Preseason Practice
• One – each day beginning with the opening day of
  classes.

• One – during week of first scheduled contest, each
  day classes are not in session.

• Two – other days in the preseason practice period.

• Exclude Sundays.

                                          Bylaw 17.02.11
Men’s Water Polo - First Practice Date
• Date that permits 21 “practice units.”

• Before the first scheduled contest.
  ▫ Shall not occur prior to the first Saturday in September.


                                             Bylaw 17.26.2-(a)
Men’s Water Polo - First Practice Date
                   August/September 2011
   Sun   Mon          Tue   Wed   Thu      Fri    Sat
           1           2     3    4        5       6

    7      8           9    10    11       12     13

    14    15          16    17    18       19     20

    21    22          23    24    25       26     27
         Classes
         Begin


    28    29          30    31    1        2       3
                                                  First
                                                 Contest
Men’s Water Polo - First Practice Date
                   August/September 2011
   Sun   Mon          Tue   Wed   Thu      Fri    Sat
           1           2     3    4        5       6

    7      8           9    10    11       12     13

    14    15          16    17    18       19     20

          22          23    24    25       26     27
    21   Classes      (1)   (1)   (1)              (1)
         Begin                             (1)
           (1)

    28     29         30    31     1       2       3
           (1)        (1)   (1)   (1)      (1)    First
                                                 Contest
Men’s Water Polo - First Practice Date
                   August/September 2011
   Sun   Mon          Tue   Wed   Thu      Fri    Sat
           1           2     3    4        5       6

    7      8           9    10    11       12     13

    14    15          16    17    18       19     20
                      (2)   (2)   (2)      (2)     (2)
          22          23    24    25       26     27
    21   Classes      (1)   (1)   (1)              (1)
         Begin                             (1)
           (1)

    28     29         30    31     1       2       3
           (1)        (1)   (1)   (1)      (1)    First
                                                 Contest
Women’s Volleyball – First Date of Practice
• Date that permits 29 “practice units.”

• Before the first contest or September 1, whichever is
  later.

• If first competition is before September 1, use one
  practice unit for each day from September 1 – first
  scheduled competition.

• Then, use practice-unit formula.

                                Bylaws 17.25.2 and 17.02.11
Women’s Volleyball- First Practice Date
                   August/September 2011
   Sun   Mon          Tue   Wed   Thu      Fri    Sat
           1           2     3    4        5      6

    7      8           9    10    11       12     13

    14    15          16    17    18       19     20

    21    22          23    24    25       26     27
         Classes                         First
         Begin                          Contest


    28    29          30    31    1        2      3
Women’s Volleyball- First Practice Date
                   August/September 2011
   Sun   Mon          Tue   Wed   Thu      Fri    Sat
           1           2     3    4        5      6

    7      8           9    10    11       12     13

    14    15          16    17    18       19     20

    21    22          23    24    25       26     27
                                           (1)
         Classes
                                         First
                                                  (1)
         Begin
                                        Contest

    28   29           30    31    1        2      3
         (1)          (1)   (1)
Women’s Volleyball- First Practice Date
                   August/September 2011
   Sun   Mon          Tue   Wed   Thu      Fri    Sat
           1           2     3    4        5      6

    7      8           9    10    11       12     13

    14    15          16    17    18       19     20
                                           (1)    (1)
          22          23    24    25       26     27
    21    (1)         (1)   (1)   (1)      (1)
                                         First
                                                  (1)
         Classes                        Contest
         Begin
    28   29           30    31    1        2      3
         (1)          (1)   (1)
Women’s Volleyball- First Practice Date
                   August/September 2011
   Sun   Mon          Tue   Wed   Thu      Fri    Sat
           1           2     3    4        5      6

    7      8           9    10    11       12     13
                      (2)   (2)   (2)      (2)    (2)

    14    15          16    17    18       19     20
         (2)          (2)   (2)   (2)      (1)    (1)

          22          23    24    25       26     27
    21    (1)         (1)   (1)   (1)      (1)
                                         First
                                                  (1)
         Classes                        Contest
         Begin
    28   29           30    31    1        2      3
         (1)          (1)   (1)
Resources

• Compliance assistant.

• Academic and membership affairs.
  ▫ Interpretations phone line.
  ▫ Conference contact program.

• Coaches/peers.
Summary
• General information.

• In-season activities.

• Out-of-season activities.

• Safety exception.

• Preseason practice calendars.

• Resources.
Questions?
Thanks for participating!

								
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