Libraries and Learning by liuqingyan


									Libraries and Learning
   UK policy and practice

         LE Cambridge 2003   1
Aims of the EQUAL programme

EQUALis designed to test & promote new ways of
  combating all forms of discrimination and
  inequalities faced by those groups most
  disadvantaged in the labour market, both those
  in work and those seeking work, through
  transnational cooperation. These groups include
  women, ethnic minorities, people with
  disabilities, older workers, refugees, ex-
  offenders, drugs and alcohol misusers. EQUAL
  will also include action to help the social and
  vocational integration of asylum seekers.

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Leading principles of EQUAL
• Partnership
• Thematic approach: Theme E – Promoting
    lifelong learning and inclusive work practices for
    those suffering discrimination and inequality
•   Transnationality
•   Empowerment/participation
•   Innovation
•   Dissemination and Mainstreaming

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We are at the intersection of three
policy strands
    Lifelong Learning


                    Social inclusion
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EU policy
• Full employment has always been a central
    preoccupation of EU policy
•   Lifelong learning has been on the agenda for 15-
    20 years
•   1995 was European Year of Lifelong Learning
•   The Lisbon Summit of 2000 restated the need
    for lifelong learning & pointed out weaknesses in
    basic skills

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eEurope Action Plan
• A cheaper, faster and secure Internet
• Investing in people and skills

  – European youth into the digital age
  – Working in the knowledge based economy
  – Participation for all in the knowledge based
  – Stimulate the use of the Internet

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E-learning Action Plan

• Encouragement of infrastructure
• European area of lifelong learning
• Create local Learning Centres (in
  universities and libraries)
• Special efforts for disadvantaged people

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European Programmes

All these activities to be carried out in
  FP6 (and 5)
  Leonardo da Vinci
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The UK: lifelong learning
• Learning for the 21st Century
• The Learning Age (1998)
  – Learning in the community
  – Making the most of libraries
  – Quality Standards

  • Learning to Succeed
    More coherent planning & funding, set up Learning &
    Skills Council

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Basic Skills
• A Fresh Start (Moser, 1998)
  – Found that 7m people in UK had poor literacy and
    numeracy skills
  Led to Skills for Life,the national strategy
  Which aims to improve basic skills of 750 000 people by
  These include unemployed, benefit claimants, low
    skilled people in employment, homeless people,
    refugees, asylum seekers, lone parents,
    disadvantaged communities

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Basic Skills (2)
• Skills for Life strategy sets up national
  standards, national tests
• Funding through LSCs and Regional
  Development Agencies
• ABSSU to guide, train and support
• This year, new Skills Strategy White Paper
to give free learning to adults, adds ICT as
  the third essential ‘skill for life’

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Social Inclusion

• In 1998, Government set up a Social
  Exclusion Unit
• It identified main reasons as poverty and
  lack of opportunity
• Stimulated Government towards
  ‘Neighbourhood renewal’ policies

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Libraries and learning infrastructure

• Following the ‘Building he New Library Network
    the People’s Network project was launched, to
    put computer internet connections into every UK
    public library.
•   2901 libraries are connected, i.e. 70%
•   In our region 277 of 296 libraries are on, but
    only 85 libraries (27%) have broadband
•   The Broadband Education Report calls for all
    libraries to have broadband.
•   Wi-fi ‘hotspots’ experiments

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• UK Online – 6000 established centres
• Learndirect – wider range of provision,
  supported environment.
• Many centres in libraries

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Library structures and roles
• In UK, public libraries run by Local Authorities
• Most are associated with Education Departments
• Mainstream Education policies, especially
    towards schools, Adult & Community education
    (but not FE or HE)
•   Government Department responsible for libraries
    is DCMS, Advised by Resource, the Council for
    Museums, Archives and Libraries

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Other policy trends

• Empowering the Learning Community
• Libraries for All – social inclusion
• Inspiring Learning for All is currently
 developing Resource programme
  – Learning Outcomes Toolkit

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Framework for the Future

• Framework is essentially a ‘vision piece’ by
• It focuses on libraries’ role in developing
  reading and learning, digital skills and
  services, community cohesion and civic
      Appears to offer no new funding

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Other learning Agencies

• Adult Basic Skills Strategy Unit
• NIACE (National Intitute for Adult &
  Community Education)
• NGfL (National Grid for Learning)
• University for Industry

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Funding for Learning

• Learning & Skills Councils – funding &
  planning education and training for over
  16 year olds. £8bn funding (2003-4).
  Includes Adult & Community Learning.
• EEDA (East of England Dvelopment
  Agency) works on skills with LSCs.
  Produces an Action Plan (FRESA)

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Local networks

• Information, Advice and Guidance
  networks – often involve libraries
• Local Learning Partnerships
• Neighbourhood Learning Partnerships

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Issues for Librarians
•   Are libraries happy with their role in learning?
•   Do they want to move into accredited learning?
•   National Skills curriculum/National Tests?
•   Should they train staff as tutors?
•   Funding becomes more complicated – ‘core
    funding’, national & regional project funding,
    Euro funding
LearnEast is trying to deal with at least some of
  these issues in its mainstreaming activity.

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