HONORARY DEGREES TO BE AWARDED BY THE UNIVERSITY

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					APRIL Bulletin 97   21/4/97 10:42 am                Page 1




     BULLETIN                                                                                                                              APRIL 1997

                                                   HONORARY DEGREES TO BE
                                                  AWARDED BY THE UNIVERSITY
                                                  THIRTEEN distinguished people               the Royal Charter, giving
                                                  are to be honoured by the                   Leicester its own degree-awarding
                                                  University in Leicester and                 powers.
                                                  Northampton degree ceremonies                  “It is therefore especially
                                                  in the summer.                              significant that we are including in
                                                      In honour of the double Jubilee         the ceremonies former University
                                                  the University is celebrating during        students and staff who have
                                                  the current academic year, the              achieved distinction in their
                           http://www.le.ac.uk/




                                                  list includes a total of five former        respective fields across the world.
                                                  students and members of staff               They have done their former
                                                  who, in achieving high public               University and city proud.
                                                  distinction, have brought credit to            “Degree ceremonies are
                                                  the University over the years.              a very important event in
                                                      Vice-Chancellor Dr Kenneth                            Continued on page 2
                                                  Edwards said: “Honouring
                                                  individuals who have achieved                                                                             Top, Sue Cook,
                                                                                                                                                           left, Dai Rees,
                                                  distinction in their careers and
                                                                                                                                                           and far left,
                                                  given great service to the                                                                               Heather Couper.
                                                  community is an integral part of
                                                                                                                                                           More pictures
                                                  our degree ceremonies and adds                                                                           on pages 16-18.
                                                  lustre to what is a very happy
                                                  occasion for all those graduating.
                                                      “This year’s degree ceremonies
                                                  are especially significant as they fall
                                                  in the University’s double Jubilee
                                                  Year, marking 75 years since the
                                                  establishment of the University
                                                  and 40 years since the granting of


                                                                                                                                       I   N     S    I    D       E
                                                    JUBILEE OPEN DAY A SUCCESS




                                                                                                                                       UP AND RUNNING:
                                                                                                                                       Graduate runs for charity
                                                                                                                                       page 6




                                                                                                                                       APPEAL UPDATE: Money
                                                    LIGHT FANTASTIC: The University’s Open Day proved to be a great attraction (more   pledged for Orton Papers
                                                    pictures inside - pages14 and 15).                                                 page 3

                                                             BULLETIN: Your award-winning newsletter - Heist Marketing Awards 1996
APRIL Bulletin 97          21/4/97 10:42 am              Page 2




                                                                                                        NEWS
                                                                           Continued from front cover


                     VOLUME 29                                             our calendar and represent the culmination of the academic year.
                      NUMBER 7                                             Students whose degrees will be conferred at various ceremonies will have
                                                                           the opportunity to listen to the honorands, some of whom were students
                                                                           on their courses, talking about their careers and how a degree from a
                                                                           first-class institution like Leicester University has helped them.
                         APRIL 1997                                           “The degree ceremonies provide an opportunity for the University as a
                                                                           whole both to demonstrate something of its achievements in producing its
                                                                           graduates and also to state its values.”
             N E W S ........................1-10
             BUSINESS ..................11                                 The honorands are:
             OUT & ABOUT ....12-13                                         Leicester ceremonies:
             FEATURES ............14-19                                         Professor Raymond Baker
                                                                                Mr Jack Birkenshaw
             ARTSTOP....................20
                                                                                Ms Sue Cook
             CUTTINGS .................21                                       Dr Heather Couper
             PEO P L E........................22                                Miss Carol Galley
                                                                                Dame Rosalyn Higgins
             RESEARCH............23-25
                                                                                Dr Jeff Hoffman
             NOTICES ...............26-27                                       Sir Dai Rees
             A . O . B . ..........................27
                                                                           Northampton ceremonies:
             CROSSWORD Back Page                                                The Rt Hon Sir Stephen Brown
                                  BULLETIN                                      Mr Patrick Coldstream
              The Bulletin aims to publish news and features which              Sir Richard George
           inform staff and students of developments affecting the
          University, and to report on the decisions of Council and             Mrs Anita Tasker
                                    Senate.                                     Commander LLM Saunders Watson CBE
              Tell us your news! We welcome stories and pictures from
        individuals and departments, so send your copy to the Editor in
        Press and Alumni Relations, Registrar’s Office. The closing date
       for the next issue is Wednesday 16 April for publication in the     s Biographical details of honorands and more pictures on
          first week of May. The Editor reserves the right to amend or     pages 17-19.
                          abbreviate copy without notice.
                The Bulletin is edited in Press and Alumni Relations.

           Small advertisements (up to 30 words in length) should be
      accompanied by cheques, payable to University of Leicester, at the
                              following rates:
                         House sales and lettings: £5.00
                         Other sales and services: £2.00

            Prices for display advertisements are available on request.
      Please contact Julie Franks, Marketing Officer LUSU, extn 1168, to
                        whom all adverts should be sent.
          Private, non-commercial announcements are carried free of
                         charge, subject to space.

                        Editor: Ather Mirza (Extn 3335)
                            e-mail: am74@le.ac.uk
               Deputy Editor: Barbara Whiteman (Extn 2676)
             People, Books, Research, Cuttings, Notices, Artstop.
                     Reporters: Judith Shaw/Jane Pearson
                        Design and layout: Julie Bowles
                     Pictures: Central Photographic Unit,
                              Leicester Mercury.
                    Printed by Central Reprographic Unit.


                                                                                             ON-LINE BULLETIN
               Newsline: 0116 252 3335                                          Issues of the Bulletin in 1997 are accessible on CWIS via the
                                                                                    following web address: http://www.le.ac.uk/bulletin/
              Advertising: 0116 223 1168


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APRIL Bulletin 97        21/4/97 10:42 am              Page 3




                                                                                                                            NEWS
      DONATIONS FLOW IN FOR ORTON PAPERS APPEAL
      THE Library’s Orton Papers                      unpublished novels and plays, as            will provide an important                 David and John, grew up in
      Appeal, launched in mid-February,               well as other personal                      resource for Orton scholars and           College House) and Sir Peter Hall
      has attracted a considerable                    memorabilia.                                for literary and theatrical               (Artistic Director of the Old Vic,
      amount of coverage in the Press.                   If the Appeal is successful, the         research.                                 former Director of the National
         Interviews with the University               Orton Papers will form a valuable              Lord Attenborough (whose               Theatre and honorary graduate of
      Librarian, Dr Timothy Hobbs, and                addition to the growing collection          father was Principal of the               the University) have both agreed
      with Joe Orton’s sister, Leonie                 of rare books and manuscripts               University College from 1932 to           to become Patrons of the Orton
      Barnett, have been carried in a                 held in the University Library, and         1951, and who, with his brothers          Papers Appeal, and approaches
      wide range of national and local                                                                                                      are being made to grant-giving
      newspapers, and the BBC have                                                                                                          funds and trusts.
      featured the Appeal on both radio                                                                                                        But, as Dr Hobbs points out,
      and TV.                                                                                                                               “we have frighteningly little time
         As a result of a piece by Richard                                                                                                  in which to raise a very substantial
      Brooks in The Observer on 2                                                                                                           sum of money. It would be a
      March, the Librarian received a                                                                                                       tragedy if the papers of one of
      written pledge for £1,000, and                                                                                                        Britain’s leading playwrights of the
      other donations have also been                                                                                                        20th century were not to be
      received following widespread                                                                                                         saved for the nation, for
      publicity. As announced in the                                                                                                        scholarship, and for Leicester.”
      February Bulletin, the University                                                                                                     s Donations to the Orton Papers
      needs to raise £80,000 by the end                                                                                                     Appeal should be addressed to
      of June in order to acquire,                                                                                                          the Librarian. A sample of Press
      catalogue and preserve the                                                                                                            cuttings from the Orton Papers
      Collection, which includes Orton’s                                                                                                    Appeal have been displayed on
      annotated typescripts and                                                                                                             the Press Cuttings noticeboard
      production scripts of all his                                                                                                         outside the Senior Common
      published plays, and eight                      VALUABLE PAPERS: Leonie Barnett shows some of the Edna Welthorpe letters - part of    Room.
                                                      the Orton Papers Appeal - to University Development Manager Mr Peter Allen.




        INTERNATIONAL POLICE OFFICERS
        VISIT UNIVERSITY
        THE latest group of police officers                              and development of senior police                      ranking police officers from over 83
        attending The Police Staff College,                           officers. Since 1970 Bramshill’s                         countries on overseas command courses.
        Bramshill, paid a visit to the University.                    international reputation has been                           This course has been further developed
          The College is known internationally as                     particularly enhanced with the                           and is now known as the International
        a centre of excellence in the training                        attendance of more than 1,000 high-                      Commanders’ Programme (ICP). It is
                                                                                                                               taught as a ten week, full-time course at
                                                                                                                               the Police Staff College with three or
                                                                                                                               more intakes each year. The ICP is seen
                                                                                                                               as the international leader in the
                                                                                                                               provision of management and operational
                                                                                                                               command skills training for senior police
                                                                                                                               officers.
                                                                                                                                  At the end of the course successful
                                                                                                                               officers receive the University of Leicester
                                                                                                                               award of Postgraduate Certificate in
                                                                                                                               Criminal Justice and Police Management.
                                                                                                                               The International Commanders’
                                                                                                                               Programme combines the highest levels
                                                                                                                               of professional training with postgraduate
                                                                                                                               academic accreditation through the
                                                                                                                               Scarman Centre for the Study of Public
                                                                                                                               Order at the University .




        ON COURSE: Officers from Bramshill College on a visit to the University.


                                                                                                                                                                           3
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                                  NEWS
      MILLENNIUM COMMISSION TO VISIT LEICESTER
      MILLENNIUM Commission                         consideration of the detailed              together with Commission staff,                at the new centre would link with
      representatives considering a bid             business plan at a recent meeting          will now travel to Leicester to                Leicester University’s research
      to build Britain’s first National             of the Commission in London.               meet the steering group to review              programme, housing the only
      Space Science Centre in Leicester                At the London meeting                   all aspects of the business plan.              Challenger Learning Centre
      will visit the city this month before         Commissioners agreed the                       If the bid is successful, the              outside North America, a
      reaching a final decision on this             National Space Science Centre              National Space Science                               planetarium and research
      project of national importance.               project was very distinctive and           Centre would represent                                    suite. Shops, eating
         The decision to meet with the              that the theme of space science            the largest successful                                       places and ample car
      steering group behind the £47                 was attractive.                            Millennium project to                                          parking facilities
      million bid, whose main partners                 Millennium Commissioners,               be supported in the                                            would also be
      include Leicester University and              Professor Heather Couper and Sir           East Midlands.                                                  developed at the
      Leicester City Council, was made              John Hall,                                     The forward-                                                site which would be
      following                                                                                looking Space                                                  open 12 months a
                                                                                               Science Centre would                                         year.
                                                                                               be built on a site at                                         A detailed public
                                                                                               Abbey Meadows on                                         consultation process was
                                                                                               Corporation Road - jointly owned                       begun last year involving the
                                                                                               by Leicester City Council,                          local community. A series of
                                                                                               Leicestershire County Council and              public exhibitions and open forum
                                                                                               Severn Trent Water. The project                sessions were held to seek the
                                                                                               would not only regenerate an                   views of local people.
                                                                                               obsolete and decaying sewage                      Benefits from the Abbey
                                                                                               treatment works but also create a              Meadows site include: improved
                                                                                               unique visitor centre expected to              quality of local life; regeneration
                                                                                               attract up to 300,000 people a                 and economic development; a
                                                                                               year from across the UK and                    significant education resource for
                                                                                               employing 80 staff.                            local and countrywide schools and
                                                                                                   Opening in time for the new                colleges, and environmental
                                                                                               Millennium, the Space Science                  enhancement of the riverside.
                                                     ntre
                                                                                               Centre would keep education
                                       posed Space Ce
                     : Model of the pro                                                        very high on the agenda. Facilities
        FUTURISTIC



       GLOBE-TROTTING JOURNALIST RECOUNTS ADVENTURES
      by Chris Smith                                                                                                                                              Simpson was quick
      BBC Foreign Affairs Editor John Simpson                                                                                                                 to dispel the myth
      gave a lecture to a capacity audience at the                                                                                                            that the life of a
      University as part of the Jubilee Year                                                                                                                  foreign
      celebrations.                                                                                                                                           correspondent is
         His talk on Strange and Difficult Places was                                                                                                         easy. “I aim to create
      organised by the Leicester branch of the                                                                                                                an informed view of
      Royal Geographical Society .                                                                                                                            what real life is like. I
         The award-winning journalist recounted                                                                                                               don’t do it for an ego
      tales of his journeys around the world and                                                                                                              trip. The act of being
      told of the heavy price that is often paid by                                                                                                           on TV is only part of
      people who help to report stories.                                                                                                                      the job. There’s also
         One such occasion involved going behind                                                                                                              the writing and
      the lines in Afghanistan shortly after the                                                                                                              gathering
      Russian withdrawal. This included a car ride                                                                                                            information.
      thorough the streets of the capital, Kabul,                                                                                                                 “It’s not glamorous
      carrying a home-made rocket-launcher and                                                                                                                - life at times is
      an escape across mountains under fire.                     CELEBRITY LECTURE: BBC Foreign Affairs Editor John Simpson, gave a talk to a capacity        frightful, stupid, dirty,
         Other topics included a ‘non-interview’                 audience in the Rattray Lecture Theatre. He is pictured with his wife.                       noisy and unpleasant.
      with Libyan leader Colonel Gaddafi and                                                                                                                  However, it’s the
      reporting the Tianamen Square Massacre in                     Part of the evening included a questions                         best way to see the real world.”
      China. He also gave a brief insight into the               and answers section in which the future and                            He also admitted to a dislike of being an
      current situation in Iran - a country from                 the current changes to the BBC were                                 anchorman. “I’ve worked in a studio - I’ve
      which he is now banned following a border                  candidly discussed. There was also a                                done the Nine O’Clock News - and been
      dispute with the Ministry for Islamic                      reluctant account of what it is like to work                        petrified as you’re reading a script you
      Guidance.                                                  alongside fellow corespondent Kate Adie.                            haven’t written.”

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APRIL Bulletin 97     21/4/97 10:42 am          Page 5




                                                                                                                       NEWS
      UNIVERSITY SPEARHEADS UNIQUE TRAINING
      QUALIFICATIONS FOR HEADTEACHERS
      HEADTEACHERS in England and Wales are               aspiring headteachers can work towards a                           account, the qualification can be taken over a
      being given the opportunity to train for a          qualification which meets national standards.                      period of one, two or three years.”
      unique qualification being made available in this      Professor Tony Bush, who is Director of the                        Professor Bush added: “This year will see an
      country for the first time.                         Educational Management Development Unit,                           initial trial scheme starting with 24 aspiring
         The University, in partnership with              said: “The NPQH will provide aspiring heads                        heads across the region. The purpose of the
      Northamptonshire Inspection Advisory Service        with a qualification in                                            trial is to refine and develop approaches to the
      (NIAS), has been awarded a contract from the        Headship that meets                                                                       NPQH prior to
      Teacher Training Agency (TTA) to assess             national standards. This                                                                 implementation in the
      aspiring headteachers in the East Midlands for      new qualification will                                                                   Autumn. It is not a statutory
      the award of National Professional Qualification    start by assessing the                                                                  requirement at the moment
      for Headship.                                       skills and experience of                                                                but may eventually be
         The TTA contract will lead to the                potential headteachers                                                                 compulsory for those wishing
      establishment of a regional assessment centre,      covering five key areas                                                                to become headteachers of the
      located at the University Centre in Barrack         of leadership. These                                                                   24,000 schools in England and
      Road, Northampton. The Centre will have the         areas are: strategic                                                                  Wales.
      responsibility for providing the needs              direction and                                                                             “The NPQH is an important
      assessment and final summative assessment for       development,                                                                          new qualification which will
      aspiring heads for the counties of Bedfordshire,    accountability,                                                                      provide rigorous assessment of
      Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire,           learning and teaching,                                                               the qualities and skills of aspiring
      Northamptonshire and Nottinghamshire.               people and                                                                          headteachers. This is one of the
         The news comes at a time when headship           relationships and                                                                   major strands in the TTA’s
      qualification is high on the political agenda.      development and                                                                     programme of continuing
      Chief Inspector of Schools, Chris Woodhead,         deployment of                                                                      professional development. It is
      criticised headteachers in his annual report in     people and              ASSESSMEN                                                  highly significant because there has
                                                                                                    T: Professor Bu
      February. He said leadership was ‘weak and          resources.              qualification wi                    sh said the new             never been a requirement of
                                                                                                   ll provide rigoro
      ineffective’ in one in seven primary schools and       As applicants’       qualities and sk                   us assessment of             this kind in Britain until now.”
                                                                                                   ills of aspiring he                 the
                                                                                                                       adteachers
      one in ten secondary schools.                       prior achievement
         The development at Leicester will mean           can be taken into



       RETAIL CRIME: ISSUES FOR                                                                              CHINESE NEW YEAR
       THE 21ST CENTURY                                                                                      CELEBRATIONS
       US style civil recovery was just       two or three years, aims to
       one of the topics discussed at         recover the cost of shoplifting                                                                                THE Chinese
       a recent one-day conference            incidents directly from the                                                                                    New Year was
       on crime in the retail sector          offender using the civil courts.                                                                               recently
       organised by the Scarman                  The conference also looked                                                                                  celebrated in
       Centre.                                at the increasing use of                                                                                       style at the
          Delegates attending the             private security in retailing                                                                                  Students’ Union
       conference were told that              and the effectiveness of closed                                                                                by over 300
       retail crime was now costing           circuit television in tackling                                                                                 members of the
       £2 billion a year and that over        crime. Adrian Beck, the                                                                                        local Chinese
       1.7 million people were                conference organiser, said:                                                                                    community.
       apprehended by retailers for           “The retail sector is an                                                                                       This year is the
       shoplifting although only 0.2          important part of the                                                                                          year of the Ox
       per cent of these cases                economy, now employing                                                                                         and was
       resulted in a prison sentence.         approximately 10 per cent of                                                                                   celebrated with
          Shop theft was not being            the UK workforce. Last year                                                                                    firecrackers and
       seen as a priority by the              retailers were the victims of                                                                                  the traditional
       criminal justice system,               5.3 million criminal incidents.                                                                                Lion Dance.
       delegates were told. This has          The aim of the conference was                                                                                  The ceremony
       led some retailers to consider         to look in detail at some of the                                                                               aims to bring
       using civil recovery as a              key issues retailers need to be                                                                                good luck and
       method of recouping losses.            aware of over the next few                                                                                     ward off evil
                                                                                          Pic: Chris Smith




       This controversial approach,           years if they are to reduce the                                                                                spirits.
       which has been in use in the           massive losses they currently
       USA and Canada for the last            suffer through crime”.

                                                                                                                                                                              5
APRIL Bulletin 97      21/4/97 10:42 am          Page 6




                               NEWS
      BIOLOGICAL WARFARE WEAPON OFFERS HOPE
      AGAINST DISEASE
      A WEAPON of biological warfare is being                 into cells of patients                                                                         new research should allow
      investigated by University scientists for its           who lack them, or                                                                                        modified forms of
      potential in fighting crippling illnesses.              who carry abnormal                                                                                      the toxin to be
         Innovative research into anthrax is being            forms. Muscular                                                                                         engineered which
      conducted by a small team headed by                     dystrophy patients,                                                                                    can target specific
      Professor Robert Liddington, of the                     for instance, carry                                                                                    cell types, such as
      Department of Biochemistry. The research,               shortened forms of                                                                                     muscle cells or
      published in Nature, suggests that anthrax could        the protein                                                                                           cancer cells, and
      be used in the treatment of genetic diseases            dystrophin in                                                                                         deliver proteins
      like muscular dystrophy and cystic fibrosis.            muscle cells.                                                                                         directly to them. In a
         Professor Liddington and his colleague Dr               Professor                                                                                         cystic fibrosis patient,
      Carlo Petosa, in the X-Ray Crystallography              Liddington said                                                                                      for example, every
      Unit, are studying the crystal structure of a vital     that delivering                                                                                     cell of the body
      component of the toxin secreted by the                  proteins by PA                                                                                      carries the gene that is
      bacterium which produces anthrax.                       could be an                                                                                         faulty, but it has a
         Their research is part of a programme of             alternative to                                                                                      deleterious effect only
      international collaboration between Harvard             gene therapy, in                                                                                   in key areas - notably
      Medical School and the National Institute of            which unhealthy                                                                                    the respiratory tract.
      Health in Maryland, USA. The Leicester aspect           genes are                                                                                             Despite the link with
      of the research involves the study of the               modified or                                                                                       anthrax, there is no risk
      proteins that make up the lethal anthrax toxin.         replaced.                                                                                        to humans as the
         One of three proteins, protective antigen               PA normally                                                                                   toxicity arises from the
                                                                                  POTENTIAL:
      (PA), carries the two others to cause havoc             recognizes                           Professor Liddin                                            other two proteins.
                                                                                  research progra                   gton is involved
                                                                                                  mme into the po                    in an internation
      inside a human cell. But Professor Liddington           most kinds of                                        tential of anthr                     al
                                                                                 genetic diseases                                   ax to fight cripp
                                                                                                                                                      ling
      said PA could be used to carry healthy proteins         cells, but the



      AMPUTEE MAKING HISTORY IN THE SAHARA
       GRADUATE Chris Moon, aged                care in war zones and runs                       says “left even my plastic leg                       taking part in the London
       34, who lost his right arm and leg       orthopaedic workshops in                         aching”. He then went on to run                      Marathon and he was recently
       while working to remove                  affected countries, providing free               the New York Marathon. The ex-                       awarded a Star of Gold award
       landmines in Mozambique, will be         artificial limbs and physiotherapy               army officer is now following a                      from Princess Diana.
       the first person with false limbs to     to mines victims and others who                  tough training regime making full                       Princess Diana, who has called
       take part in the Great Sahara Run        have lost limbs.                                 use of a false running leg made at                   for a worldwide ban on anti-
       this April. Last year Chris                 Within a year of losing his arm               Queen Mary’s Hospital,                               personnel mines, said: “Chris truly
       completed an MSc in Security             and leg in 1995, Chris completed                 Roehampton, Surrey. Chris raised                     symbolises what selfless bravery
       Management at the University’s           the London Marathon which he                     £50,000 for landmine victims by                      is.” His was one of a number of
       Scarman Centre.                                                                                                                                awards made by the Daily Star
           The Run, which starts in                                                                                                                   newspaper.
       Morocco, is billed as ‘the toughest                                                                                                               Chris says: “I have been very
       foot race on Earth’ attracting                                                                                                                 lucky in that I have had good
       hundreds of competitors every                                                                                                                  medical support since my accident
       year. It covers 145 miles of some                                                                                                              and a lot of personal
       of the most inhospitable terrain on                                                                                                            encouragement too - I want
       the planet, requiring participants                                                                                                             people to think about others who
       to cover on average the equivalent                                                                                                             are trying to overcome disability
       of a marathon a day in a landscape                                                                                                             but who don’t have the same kind
       of sand dunes up to 200 feet,                                                                                                                  of support and assistance. Many
       rocky desert and dry river beds.                                                                                                               amputees have to wait years or a
       All competitors also have to carry                                                                                                             whole lifetime for an artificial
       all their equipment on their backs                                                                                                             limb.”
       throughout the Run between 7 -                                                                                                                 s You can support Chris Moon
       13 April.                                                                                                                                      by telephoning 0171 201 5064
           Chris’s history-making attempt                                                                                                             or by sending a cheque made
       will raise funds for Red Cross                                                                                                                 payable to “British Red Cross”
       orthopaedic centres around the                                                                                                                 to: Chris Moon, Room SM97,
                                                WINNER ALL THE WAY: Brave Chris Moon, a University graduate, is taking part in The
       world. The Red Cross provides                                                                                                                  British Red Cross, FREEPOST,
                                                Great Sahara Run in aid of landmine victims
       emergency medical and surgical                                                                                                                 London, SW1X 7BR.

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                                                NOTICES




                                                          7
APRIL Bulletin 97     21/4/97 10:42 am         Page 8




                             NEWS
      MINISTER BACKS UNIVERSITY RESEARCH
      SCIENCE and Technology Minister Ian Taylor         papers. I would encourage all schools and           mechanics of the computer and playing games
      backed a national report prepared by staff in      interested organisations to read this report.”      while girls see computers as a vehicle for
      the School of Education assessing successful          The report identifies barriers preventing        learning and prefer, for example, word
      strategies for attracting girls into science,      women entering science and technology and           processing or business applications
      engineering and technology.                        solutions to overcome these barriers. It found:     • very few girls met a female engineer or other
         Breaking the Mould, published on 13 March,      • women are alienated by the impersonal and         female role models in science and technology.
      was put together by Dr Mel Vlaeminke, Chris        value free content of science                       However, placements in traditonally male
      Comber and Frankie McKeon from the                 • girls have different value systems and            workplaces increased the confidence of girls
      University. This review of international           interests from boys and in particular disliked      and raised the awareness of managers and
      research projects reported by the Gender and       teaching that has no significant personal or        instructors
      Science and Technology (GASAT) network             social context                                         The authors said: “The main finding of the
      over the past 15 years highlights strategies       • girls prefer subjects where there is a level of   report is a very positive one - that the
      which have been successful in overcoming the       involvement through discussion and                  alienation of girls from the world of science and
      barriers to young women.                           opportunity for personal creativity                 technology is neither inevitable nor irreversible.
         Mr Taylor visited Hackney College which has     • even at primary level, boys had more                 “What we learn from the research is that the
      achieved outstanding results in its efforts to     experience of practical tasks, and were more        barriers to participation are now well
      increase the uptake of A-level science by girls.   able to recognise and name common tools.            understood, and can be, and have been
      Mr Taylor said: “The outstanding success of        Girls and boys were found to work in highly         succesfully overcome. There is a clear message
      Hackney College shows beyond doubt that the        gendered ways in technology exercises.              here for educators, employers and policy
      major improvements in the participation of         • girls tended to work collaboratively and          makers - girls and science and technology do go
      women in science and engineering can be            follow rules while boys worked individually and     together. The report offers them the
      achieved.                                          challenged authority                                opportunity to learn from the experiences of
         “Many of the strategies adopted by Hackney      • girls benefit from single sex groups where the    others, and to work towards creating the
      are those highlighted in the new report            absence of boys encourages greater                  conditions where this can happen.”
      Breaking the Mould which shares the lessons        participation and confidence
      learned from over 100 international research       • in using IT, boys are more interested in the


       UNIVERSITY HOLDS BIGGEST CELEBRATION FOR
       SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY WEEK
       THE University hosted one of           Holes at the Snibston
       the biggest festivals of               Discovery Park where the
       learning as part of the                University has a major
       Science, Engineering and               exhibition. Dr Couper is a
       Technology Week, SET97.                graduate of the University and
         The fourth national                  is returning to the campus
       celebration of science,                later this year to receive an
       engineering and technology,            honorary degree.
       SET97, was held from 14-23                In the Department of
       March and was organised                Physics and Astronomy,
       nationally by the British              Touching the Future, a
       Association.                           newspaper to celebrate
         The University has                   SET97, was produced. The
       consistently been the biggest          eight-page publication
       participant of SET97 in the            featured articles on the
       county putting on a huge               electron’s centennial year,
       variety of events of interest to       the Hubble Space Telescope,
       the public.                            astrophysics and space
         This year, on Saturday               science at the University, a
       March 15, more than 10,000             feature on Comet Hale-
       people visited the campus for          Bopp and the Spectrum X-
       the University’s Jubilee Open          Gamma Mission, among
       Day when all aspects of the            others. Edited by Jean
       University were on exhibition.         Collins, of Bridge School,
         Also as part of SET97, on            Leicester, it featured
       Wednesday 19 March, Dr                 articles by lecturer Martin
       Heather Couper, Scientist and          Barstow.
       Broadcaster, spoke on Black


        8
APRIL Bulletin 97        21/4/97 10:42 am                Page 9




                                                                                                                        NEWS
        GLOBAL ENTERTAINMENT
        THE University branch of the                     Jazz Band and a Global Disco.              International
        International Students’                            Professor Robin White,                 Students PT Ben said:
        Association (ISA) celebrated                     University Pro-Vice-                     “They worked very
        its tenth anniversary in style                   Chancellor, and Rosa Abdul               hard, especially Oscar
        as part of the University’s                      Hamid, President of the ISA,             Calvo-Golzalez, who
        double Jubilee celebrations.                     introduced the evening, which            took on a lot of
           An action-packed Cultural                     was the culmination of the               responsibility for the
        Night, held as usual in                          Students’ Union Global Unity             event. And they got
        February, included an array of                   Week and which was                       what they deserved -
        colourful performances from                      attended by more than 500                a very good evening.
        around the world, presented                      students from fifty countries.           Everyone I spoke to
        by international students at                       Paying tribute to the ISA              said how much they
        the University, as well as a                     Committee, current Vice-                 had enjoyed it.”
        fashion show, the Park Lane                      President-




         Lively scenes from the Cultural Night. (Photographer, Chris Smith)




      COMMON COLD MORE SEVERE AND LASTS
      LONGER IN THE ELDERLY
      THE common cold is more severe and is                             respiratory complications, the average             stopping smoking and avoiding contact with
      responsible for more deaths in the elderly                        duration of the cold was 18 days.                  people with colds.
      than in adults of working age according to                           The research found that chronic ill health        “Further research to investigate lower
      University research funded by the British                         increased the risk of lower respiratory            respiratory illness following a cold will be
      Lung Foundation.                                                  complications by 44% and smoking                   important in reducing possible complications
         The research, conducted at Leicester,                          increased the risk by 49%.                         that can occur in the elderly after a bout of
      studied 533 men and women aged 60-90                                 Senior lecturer in infectious diseases Dr       the common cold”.
      years over a two year period. Subjects were                       Karl Nicholson, who headed up the
      telephoned weekly to monitor cold                                 research, said: “The findings from this
      symptoms. Rhinoviruses (HRVs) were the                            research suggest that although this strain of
      most frequent virus identified in the 706                         the common cold is less severe than
                                                                                                                            BULLETIN DISTRIBUTION
      colds studied.                                                    influenza it is far more common and causes
         Almost two-thirds (62%) experienced                            more debility to the elderly over all.”             Press and Alumni Relations Office
      lower respiratory complications and one in                           Dr Nicholson, of the Department of               (2415) should be notified of any change
      five of the cases (20%) experienced sever                         Microbiology and Immunology, added: “The            in the number of Bulletin copies
      activity restriction and were confined to                         common cold can leave the elderly confined          required per issue.
      bed. More than one in four (27%) were                             to bed, unable to cope with routine                 Please note that copies for
      unable to cope with normal household                              household duties and prescribed to                  clerical/technical staff should be
      duties during their illness.                                      antibiotics. As there is no cure for the            included in the total number requested
         The average length of colds was 16 days                        common cold, it is important that elderly           per section of the University.
      and in subjects experiencing lower                                people are aware of the importance of

                                                                                                                                                                    9
APRIL Bulletin 97       21/4/97 10:42 am               Page 10




                                NEWS
      LEADING SPEAKERS
      TWO women who have                             during its double Jubilee Year.            1995 as the first
      reached the pinnacle of their                     Her Excellency Dame                     woman ever to
      respective professions were                    Rosalyn Higgins, DBE, - who                become a Judge of
      among the star-studded                         receives an honorary degree                the International
      celebrities giving public                      from the University this                   Court of Justice (the
      lectures at the University                     summer - was appointed in                  World Court) in the
                                                                                                Hague. On 5 March
                                                                                                she gave a talk
                                                                                                entitled Into the
                                                                                                Next Millennium:
                                                                                                The International
                                                                                                Court of Justice in
                                                                                                the 21st Century.
                                                                                                  Also appearing
                                                                                                as part of the
                                                                                                University’s
                                                                                                Jubilee Year
                                                                                                celebrations was
                                                                                                the
                                                                                                internationally
                                                                                                acclaimed
                                                                                                actress, Janet
                                                                                                Suzman in An
                                                                                                                    ACCLAIMED
                                                                                                Evening with                      : Janet Suzman
                                                                                                                                                 spoke at the Ric
                                                                                                                    Attenborough Ce                               hard
                                                                                                Janet Suzman.                       ntre.
                                                                                                She received an
                                                                                                honorary degree from the
      MEETING: Professor Robin White and Professor Malcolm Shaw welcomed Her Excellency         University in 1992.
      Dame Rosalyn Higgins, DBE.




        DISTINGUISHED CHANCELLOR TO
        CONTINUE AT LEICESTER
                                                                                SIR MICHAEL Atiyah, the Chancellor of             Bonn, Chicago, Helsinki and Salamanca.
                                                                                Leicester University, is to step down as          He became a member of the Order of
                                                                                Master of Trinity College, Cambridge,             Merit in 1992.
                                                                                at the end of September. He has                      He was elected to a fellowship of the
                                                                                announced, however, his intention to              Royal Society at the age of 32 in 1962
                                                                                continue as Chancellor at Leicester.              and four years later he received the
                                                                                   Sir Michael retired from the post of           Fields Medal, regarded as the
                                                                                Director of the Isaac Newton Institute            mathematical equivalent to the Nobel
                                                                                for Mathematical Science at Cambridge             Prize. Among his many other
                                                                                University last October and completed             distinctions are the King Faisal
                                                                                his term as President of the Royal                International Prize for Science (1987),
                                                                                Society at the end of 1995.                       The Copley Medal of the Royal Society
                                                                                   Sir Michael was educated at Victoria           (1988) and the Franklin Medal of the
                                                                                College, Egypt, Manchester Grammar                American Philosophical Society (1993).
                                                                                School and Trinity College, Cambridge                The Vice-Chancellor of Leicester
                                                                                where he gained a double first in                 University, Dr Kenneth Edwards, said:
                                                                                Mathematics and later went on to teach            “We are delighted that Sir Michael has
                                                                                as a Fellow of Pembroke College. He               happily agreed to continue as our
                                                                                has also held posts at Oxford and at              Chancellor. We look forward to his
                                                                                Princeton in the United States.                   continuing support which has been so
                                                                                   He was awarded the honorary degree             valuable to us .”
                                                                                of Doctor of Science by this University
                                                               the University   in 1991, and has honorary degrees
                                            h, Chancellor of
                   HED:    Sir Michael Atiya
        DISTINGUIS                                                              from, among others, the Universities of


        10
  11
                                           always).                                            University patents are usually filed at                                                                                                                                Westminster Bank and Amersham
                                           on an exclusive basis, but not                      unnecessarily. For this reason                                                                                                                                         Council, formerly of IBM, National
                                           rights (usually the funding company                 without holding up open publication                                                                                                                                    (Chairman of the University
for more speculative areas.                the University) and exploitation                    stage, and to secure a patent                                                                                                                                              The Chairman, Sir Edwin Nixon
be possible to provide some funding        which define IP ownership (usually                  identify such possibilities at an early                                                                                                                                company consists of:
may be licensed-on. It should also         projects. This is subject to contracts              patent). It is LUCENT’s role to help                                                                                                                                       The Board of Directors of the
these projects to a stage where they       from industry for specific                                                IP (usually by                                                                                                                                   finance.
realised, be sufficient to take all of     funding                                                                    potentially valuable                                                                                                                            evaluates projects and secures
    The proposed funding level will, if        Private                                      nology Transfer           not protect any                                                                                                                                 and management expertise,
                                                                            Advisor on Tech
require more evaluation.                   funding:        Laurie Phillips,                                            University does                                                                                                                                Ltd contributes business, marketing
four which look very promising but         research                                                                    opportunity if the                                                                                                                             facilities; Life Sciences Associates
high priority, and there are another       of                                                                          a missed                                                                                                                                       rights, together with laboratory
to sufficient investigation to be given    two types                                                                   possible, but it is                                                                                                                            in which it has the exploitation
three of these have been subjected         basically                                                                    results as soon as                                                                                                                            contributes Intellectual Property (IP)
of projects has been assembled;            There are                                                                    publish the                                                                                                                                   investment. The University
Medical Sciences area. A portfolio         Sciences.                                                                     wishes to                                                                                                                                    being held for future inward
exploitable inventions in the Life and     Medical                                                                       academic                                                                                                                                     owns 30%. The remaining 30% is
sustainable source of potentially-         the Life and                                                                  research that an                                                                                                                             equity, Life Sciences Associates
University of Leicester is a               the fields of                                                                  this type of                                                                                                                                    The University owns 40% of the
publicly funded research base of the       Leicester, in                                                                  very nature of                                                                                                                              the joint venture.
It is based on the premise that the        University of                                                                       It is in the                                                                                                                           managerial skills are a major asset to
funding from commercial sources.           by the                                                                          inventions.                                                                                                                                nature of the market and their
view to attracting very significant        and owned                                                                        exploit                                                                                                                                   requirements of the industry, the
completed a Business Plan with a           from research                                                                    which we                                                                                                                                  knowledge of the technology
    Leicester Biosciences has now          generated                                                                         the way in                                                                                                                               Lilly, Abbotts, Glaxo). Their
research.                                  the IP,                                                                           dimension to                                                                                                                             sector (e.g. SmithKline Beecham, Eli
freedom to continue his or her basic       best to exploit                                                                    new                                                                                                                                     companies in the Health Care
resources and on the academic’s            namely how                                                                         to add a                                                                                                                                level experience with major
the impact on the University’s             specific need,                                                                     intention is                                                                                                                            people who have all had recent top-
to do so in a way which minimises          to address a                                        is designed to address. The                                                                                                                                            Ltd, which consists of a group of
attractive to an outside investor, and         The company has been formed                     pathway, that Leicester BioSciences                                                                                                                                    partner, Life Sciences Associates
value to a project to make it              Lilly, alternate to David Gibbons)                  there is no clear exploitation                                                                                                                                         Leicester and the University’s
objective is then to add sufficient            Mr Dick Bailey (formerly of Eli                 the IP and exploitation rights but                                                                                                                                     ago between The University of
commercially attractive. The               of Pfizer and Abbott).                              research, in which the University has                                                                                                                                  joint venture, formed almost a year
projects which it regards as               Healthcare and Therexis, formerly                      It is this latter category of                                                                                                                                           Leicester BioSciences is an unique
resources to do so for selected            Associates and Chairman of General                  HEFCE do not.                                                                                                                                                          Sciences Associates Ltd.
Leicester BioSciences to find                  Mr David Gibbons (Life Sciences                 other Research Councils and                                                                                                                                            Dawson who are Directors of Life
be filled, and it is the mission of        Associates and IVOTECH)                             the University to follow, but the                                                                                                                                      and by Howard Thomas and Bill
    There is a clear gap which has to          Dr Chris Stanley (Life Sciences                 developed exploitation pathway for                                                                                                                                     advisor on Technology Transfer,
research.                                  University)                                         and some charities have a well                                                                                                                                         by Laurie Phillips, the University’s
resource from the mainstream of                Mr Keith Julian (Registrar of the               and the rights to exploit it. MRC                                                                                                                                      questions. Presentations were made
something which deviates effort and        Medicine)                                           The University owns both the IP                                                                                                                                        to give them an opportunity to ask
may be seen as repetitive, or simply           Professor Frank Harris (Dean of                 Research Councils and Charities.                                                                                                                                       strategy and progress to date, and
intellectual challenge that is posed; it   International)                                         Public funding from HEFCE,                                                                                                                                          about the company structure,
particularly interested in the type of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                of this meeting was to inform staff
also be that the academic is not                                   (ext.2696, E-Mail: lucent1@le.ac.uk).                                                                                                                                                              BioSciences Ltd in March. The aim
the public bodies to do so. It may                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    open meeting on Leicester
                                                         stories or ideas should be sent
work, and it is outside the remit of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The Vice-Chancellor chaired an
                                                 compiled each month by LUCENT, to whom any
resources to finance this type of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Ltd
                                                  business stories from the University, and is
funds, but the University has no                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Leicester BioSciences
                                                 Business Bulletin examines some of the main
evidence before committing any                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Open Meeting on
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Industry sees it as the province of
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something worthy of investment.
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                                                                    ?@e?@e?@e?@e?@e?@eX/eX/e?@?1@@@@@@@@>@?*?@e@@@@@@@&T/R.T)S@@@@@@@@&T)?&T/R.?@?@@@@@@@@@?/R.?@?@?@?.T/?5>'R(>@@@@@@@@@>@?'R(@@@@@@@@J?U@>'V@@@@@@@@@>@?@?@@@@@@@@@U&T/?.T)@@@@@@@@X@>@?@?'R(S@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@?e,?@?*?.T/R.?/R.?@?@?@?@?@?e@?
                                                                                                         @@@@@@@@@>@Se?H@@@@@@@??U@S?U@@@@@@@@@eU@S?U@S?e@@@@@@@@eU@S?eh@@>@T@W@@@@@@@U@?@?@S@@@@@@@@?Y(@@?@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@S@@@@@@@@@S?f?@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?hU@?@S?eU@S?U@S?
                                                                  ?@e?@e?@e?@?@?/R.?/R+R+V?Y.e?@e?@@@@@@@@@@@T'?@?(@@@@@@@'R(?'R.W@@@@@@@@'R(?'R(T'Ie@@@@@@@@'?(>'R.?@?@?@Ie@X@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@?5>&T-W@@@@@@@@@>@?@?@@@@@@@@@X/R+R+R(@@@@@@@@X&T-T-T-T@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?/R+R.?/R.T)?*?/R.T/R.T/R.?@?@?@?@?@?e@?
                                                                                  ?U@S?U@?@?'R(Sh?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U@?@?@S?@@@@@@@@U@?@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@>@S?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@>@?@?@S@@@@@@@@?@@S?e@@@@@@@@U@?@?@S@@@@@@@@?U@?@?@S@@@@@@@@?h@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?U@?@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?
                                                                    ?@e?@e?@e?@?.T/R.T)?@?@?*?@e?/V??1@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@?*?@@@@@@@@@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@&T/?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@&T)?&T)?@@@@@@@@@?1>*?@?@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@Y.T-T)?@@@@@@@@@?@?/R.?@@@@@@@@@@2?)V?Y@R@R&W@@@@@@@@@?.T-T/?.T/R.T/?.T/R.T/R.T/R.?@?@?@?e@?e@?
                                                                                    ?U@S?U@?@?@Sf?U'Ve@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U@?@?@S?@@@@@@@@U@?@S@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@f@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@S?U@S?U@S@@@@@@@@?U@S?e@@@@@@@@U@?@?&W@@@@@@@@@S?eU@S@@@@@@@@?eU@S??@@@@@@@@?eU'R(?@?@S?@@@@@@@@@?hX)S?fU@S?U@S?U@S?
                                                              ?@e?@e?@?@?/R.?/R+R+R(?'R(?@?@?'R.?@?,?'R(@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?&T)?*?@@@@@@@@&T)?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@'Ve@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U'R(>'R(>@@@@@@@@@?5T/R+V@@@@@@@@@?@?@S?@@@@@@@@X/R.?,?@@@@@@@@@?@?.T/R(@@@@@@@@R+R(?&T-T-T/?@@@@@@@@@?e@?@?@??X/?e@?.T/?.T/?.T/?@?@?@?@?e@?e@?
stronger evidence to convince the
                                                                          ?U@S?U@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@Se?U@?@>@R@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U@S?U@S?@@@@@@@@eU@S@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U'V?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@@@?@@@S@@@@@@@@?@?U@?@@@@@@@@@U@?@?'V@@@@@@@@?U@S?U@S@@@@@@@@?fU@@@@@@@@@U@?@?@S?g@@@@@@@@@?
                                                            ?@e?@?@?@?@?/R.T/R(?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?*?@?.T-?U@?@?@>@R@R@R@R@R@R@R@S?U@?@Se?Y@S@@@*?,?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?*?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@R@>&T)>@>@>@@@@@@@@@?1R.T)S@@@@@@@@@>@?&T)@@@@@@@@R(?'R.T)@@@@@@@@R.?/R(@@@@@@@@@@T@>@?*?@?e@?@@@@@@@@@?@?'R.?e@?e@?e@?/R+R.?/R.?@?e@?e@?e@?e@?
                                                                        ?U@S?U@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@SgT)?@>@R@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@&T/R(?*?@@@@71R@S?U@S?g@@@@@@@@V?Y@>&W?hY@R@R@R@>@?@S?U@?@?@S@@@@@@@@?U@S?U@@@@@@@@@@@?@S?U@@?fU@?@?@S?U@V?Y@V?U@S?U@S@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@S?g@@@@@@@@@?e@@S?fhU@?@S?U@S?
                                                                      ?X)S?U@Sf?U@?&T)?@?@?@?@S?U@S?U@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@S?U@?@?@S?@@@@@5@@>@?@S?g@@@@@@@@fU'V?hU@?@?@?@?@@?U@?@?@?@S@@@@@@@@@S?f@@@@@@@@U@?@?@S?f/R(?@?&T/R(>'R.T/R(?'R(?@@@@@@@@@@@@@X@T'?@?@Ie@@@@@@@@@@@*e'R+VefU@@?U@?@S?U@?@S?U@S?
                                                              ?@e?@e?/R.T/R.T-T-T)?@?@?@?@?@?@?*?/R.?/R(?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?&T/R(?@?*?@?(T3U@>'R(?*?e@?e@@@@@@@@@?.T)Se@?@?@?e,?@?@?@?@>@T/R(?@?@?@@@@@@@@@Y.T/?.W@@@@@@@@@>@?'R.T)?@?U@?@?@S?U@@@?@S?U@?@?@?@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Y+V?=@@?'V?@?e/R(?,?@?*?,?'R.?/R.?@?e@?e@?
                                                            ?@e?@?@?/V?X/?.T/?@?@?.T-W?X-T-T-T-T/?,?*?.T)?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?&T/R(?@?&T/V@@@@@@@@@?@?*?/R.?@?@@@@@@@@@?@?.T/?/R.?e/R(?@>@>@>@>@R(?@?&T-T@@@@@@@@@U'R.?/V@@@@@@@@@?@?@?'R+R+R(?@?&T/?.T)>&T/R(?@?@?@?@S@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@X)Se1>@T/?@?/R.T)R.T)?*?,?@?*?.T/R.?@?e@?@?@?
                                                                    ?U'V                          ?U@Se?U@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@S?U@?@?@S?U@@@@@@@@@U@?@S?X)S?e@@@@@@@@hU@S?eX)?@?@@@?@@@?@?@?@S?e@@@@@@@@@@?@S?U@@@@@@@@@U@?@?@?@@@?@?@?@S?f(?'R(?@?@?@?@?@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Y.T/R(>@Ne/V?U'R(?'R.T/?,?@?'R.?.T/R
                                                          ?@e?@?@?@?.T/?@?@?@?@?@?/R.?@e?@?@?@?@?,?*?/R(?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?&T/R(?@?&T/R(S@@@@@@@@@?&T/??X/?e@@@@@@@@@?@?@?e,?*?@??U@?@>@>@>@>@?@>@>'R+R@@@@@@@@@X@T/?.W@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@>&T)?@?@?'R.?/RU@S?U@?@?@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?U'V?U@@?fX)S?U@S?U@S?U@?@S?eU@S?.?@?@?@?@?@?e@?
                                                                                  ?U@Sfh?U@S?U@?@?&T-T)?@?@?@?@S?U@?@?@S?U@?@@@@@@@@@U@S?h@@@@@@@@J?gU@S?eY(?@?@?@?@?@?@?@@@?@@@S@@@@@@@@@@?f@@@@@@@@U@?@?@?@S?U@?@?@?@S?U@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@S?U@?@?'V?U'R(?@?@?@S?e(?&T)Sf?X/R
                                                        ?@e?@e?@?@?@e?@?@?/R+R+R.T/?@?@e?/R.?@?.T/R(?@?&W?eU&T-T)?@?'R.T)?&T/R(?@S@@@@@@@@&T/?@?@?@?@?@@@@@@@@e@?e/R.T/?e,?@?@?@?@?@?@?@>@>@>@>@@@@@@@@@Y@R+R+V@@@@@@@@&T-T-T)>3?,?@?@>@>'R(?@?@?@?&T)?@?@?@?@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U'R(?@?@?'R.T)?@?@?@?'R+RU@?@?&W?eX)S?.?@?e@?e@?

there is a need for more data, or for
                                                                            ?U@?@?@Sh?U@Sf?U@?@?@Se?@@Se?X)?@?@S?U@S?U@?@?@@@@@@@@@fh@@@@@@@@N?fU@S?fU@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@g.T)?.T?@?@@@?@?@?@?@?@S?U@?@?@?@?@>@R@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@?@?@S?U@?@?@?@?@?@?@S?U'R+R+V?.T/?
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                                                                  ?U@Sf?U@S?U@?@?@Sg?U@Sf?U@?@?@?@?@?@@@?'VfT/R.T/R(?@?@>@@@@7@@@'R.?                                   X)S?U@@?fU@?@?@?@?@S?U@S?fU@R@R@@@>@S?fhU@S?h)?&T)>&T)?&T)?@?'R(?@?@?@>@>@>@>@V@Y@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@>&T)?@?@?&T/R(?@?@?@?@?@?@?'R.T)?@?*?
                                                                ?U@S?U@S?U@S?U@?@?@S?U@Se?U@?@S?U@S?U@S?U@@@?@@@?@Sf?/R(?'R.T)?&T)?@?@?*U'R.T/R.?/R.?/R.?/R.?/R.?@??X/?.T)?e/R.T)>@>&T)?'R(>'R+R+R(>@?@>@>&T                     U@?@?@S?fU@S?X)@&T)?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@@@?@@@?@@@?@?@S?e/R.T)?&T/R.T)?&T/?,?@?&T)?@?@?&T)?&T/R.T)?*?/R.?/R.?
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                                                                      ?X)?@?@?@?@S?U@Sf?U@SfT/R(?'R(>@>@>@>&T/R.?/R(?@?&T/R(?*?.T)?@?*U@?'R(?'R.T/?.T/?.T/?.T/R+R+R.?/R.?/R(?'I?U&T/R(?&T)>&T)>&T)>&T)?&T/R.?                              U@?@?*g)?@?@?@?@>@>@>@>@>@>@>@>@>@>@>@?@?'R+R.T/?,?'R.T/R.T/R+R(?&T/R.T)?&T/R(?'R(?'R(?'R.T/R.T
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                                                        ?@e?@e?@?@?@eX-T-T-T-T/?.T/?@?@?.T/?@?@eX-T-T-T-T-T-T/eX/?.T-T-T/?.T-T/?@?.T-T/X-T-T-T-T/?@?@?@?@?@?@?.T-T-T/?.T/?.T-T-T-T/?.T-T/?.T/?.T/?.T/?.T/?.T/?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?.T-T-Wg.T-T-T-T-T-T-T-T-T-T-T-T-T-T-T-T-T-T-T/?@?.T-T/?.T/?.T-T-T/?.T/?.T/?.T-T-T-T-T-T-T/?.We@?@?
                                                                ?Y+V?Y+V?Y+R+Vf?Y+R+V?Y+V?Y+Vf?Y0@4Ve?Y0@4R+R+V?Y+R+V?Y+R+R+V?Y+R+R+VU@?@?&T)?*?@?.T/?@?/R+R+R.T/?@?@?.T/?.T/R(?*?,?'R.T/?.T-T)?'R(?@?@?'R.T)?&T/R.Oh@?@?/R.?/R(?@?&T-T)?@?@?@?@?@?@?@>@>@>@>@>@>@>@?@?@?@?@?'R.T)R+R+R.T)?@?'R.T/R.?/RY+V?Y+R+R+R+R+R+R+R+R+V?.?@?@?@?e@?
                                                      ?@e?@?@?@?.T/?,?'R(?@?'R+R.?,>@>*?.T/R.T/R+R.?.T-T/R+R(>@>@?@>'R(?&T/R(?@?&T/R(?@?&T//R+R+R+R+V?eY+V?hY+V?fY+V?Y+V?Y+V?Y+V?Y+V?Y+R+R+V?Y+R+R+V?Y+R+R+V?Y0@@?@                          Y+R+R+R+R+R+R+R+R+R+R+R+R+R+R0@4R0@4R+R+R+R+R+V?Y0@?fY+R+R+V?Y+V?f(?'R.T)?&T)?&T)?@?@?&T/R
invention, the usual response is that
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                                                        ?@e?@e?@?@?,?@?@?@?@?@?'R(>@>*?/R(?'R(>@>'R+R+R(?@?@S?U@?&T)>&T/?,?@>@T/?.T)?&T/R.U@?&T/R(?'R.?/R.?/R(?&T)?'R.?/R.?/R+R+R(Sf?X)?'R.?/R.?,?@?@S?U@>@>*?.T/?.T/?@?,?*?@?e@?.T/R(?@>@>'R+R(?&T)?@?@?@?@?@>@>@>@>@>@>@>@>@>@?@?@?@?'R.T)?@?'R(?@?&T/R.T/R.T)?@?'R.T/R.T/R(?@?&T/R.T/R.?@?
                                                                    ?U@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@S?U@?@?@@@?@?@?@@&T)?@?@@@?@S?X)Se?U@?@@f?U@S?U@S,?@S?U@?@?@S?X)S?U@?@S?U@?@S?X)S?U@?@?@@'R+V?eU@?@S?U@S?U@?@?'R(?@@&W?ehU@S?h(T@T@W@X@>@?&T/R(>@T@T@T@T@T@W@X@>@>@>@>@>@>@>@?@?@?&T/R.T@T@T@T@T'?(T'?(T'?(T@>@?'R(?'R(?@?@?'R.T/R.T/?
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                                                                          ?U@?@?@@T)>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@&T)?@?@>'?0@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U*,S?U@@@@@@@@@@@@@T@>@S?U@?@?'V?U@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@S?U@?@>@@@@@@@@?e.T/?X)>@T@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@>@S?U@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@T@@@?@@@?@@@?@?@?@S?U@W?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@S?U@/?
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                                                                                                                                            ?U@S@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?eX)S?eU@@@@@@@@?h@@@@@@@@U@@@?@S@@@@@@@@?g?U@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?'R.T)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@X@>@>@>@>@>@?@>'?(@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?'R.T
                                                                                  ?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?e?U@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ,?@S@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?M(S?f@@@@@@@@S?U@S?e@@@@@@@@gL@@@@@@@@@?@S?e5@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@&T)?*?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@>@>@>@>@T@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?&T/R.?
                                                              ?@e?@e?@?@?@?@?@?@?5@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?.T)?@S@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@X/Y(?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@??U*?e.W@@@@@@@Y.?/R.?@?@@@@@@@@&T-T-T)@@@@@@@@Y+R.?@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@eU@S??@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@@@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@S?U@S?@?@?@?
an industrial partner to exploit the
                                                                                  ?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Sg@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Y.,?@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U@S?f@@@@@@@@?@?@?@@?@@@@@@@@U@S?U@@@@@@@@@@?g@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@'R(?*?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@X-T)>@S@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U@?@?@?@?@?&T)?&T/R.T/R.?
                                                            ?@e?@e?@e?@?@?@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@*?@?.T)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@SU@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?*?@?@?@@@@@@@U'R(?'R(?@@@@@@@@'R.?/I?@@@@@@@@X-T/?@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@>@?@S??@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?eU@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@?@?@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?@?e@?
                                                              ?@e?@e?@e?@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@@2?@?@O?K@?@?@W@X/?/R+R(@@@@@@@@R@R&?@?@?)R&?)R&T/U&T)>&?@O?K@?@?)V?@@@@@@@@T/?@?/V@@@@@@@U&T-T-T)?@@@@@@@@@>*?,>@@@@@@@@@Y+R+R0@@@@@@@@X)R&?@?@?@?@?@?&T)?@?'R(@@@@@@@@Y@V@Y@@@@@@@@@@@Y+R(>@S@@@@@@@@@@@R@R@R@R@R@R@@@@@@@@@U@?@?@?@?@?'R(?'R.T/R.T/?@?@?
                                                                                  @@@@@@@@               ?@e?U@?@@@@@@@@@X@>@Sf?U@S?U@S ,S?U@S?hX/R@@@@@@@@?fU@@@@@@@@@S?g@@@@@@@@@@S?U@S@@@@@@@@@?@?@S@@@@@@@@?U@S?fh.T)>@T)@@@@@@@@U@>@>@>@V@@@@@@@U@>@>@W@@@@@@@@@>@?@?@?@>@>@?@@@@@@@@@U@?@?&W?X)?&T)?&T/R.T/?
                                                                ?@e?@e?@e?@?@?@@@@@@@@@@4?@?@?@?@?@?/R@R+R(?&T)@@@@@@@@@@T'?@?+R.T/R.T/R.X/R(>'?@?@I?M@I?X@W@@@@@@@?e@?,S@@@@@@@U'R.?/V?H@@@@@@@@@>*?,?@@@@@@@@@X-T)?@@@@@@@@@@@T'I?M@?+R+R+R+RU@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@?@@@>@@@@@@@@@@@?@@@?@@@@@@@@@@@>@?@?@?@?@?@S@@@@@@@@@?@?@?&T)?@?@?@?@S?U@S?@?@?e@?
                                                                                  ?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@T@>@?&T/?)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@'R(?*Y.T)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@??M(S@@@@@@@J?X/?.T-W@@@@@@@@@>'R(>@@@@@@@@@?'R(>3?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@X@>'R(>@R(@@@@@@@@U@?@?@>@W@@@@@@@U@?@>@R@@@@@@@@@>@?&T)?@>@>@?@@@@@@@@@U&T)?'R+VX)S?X)/?.T/?
                                                                                  ?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@e?U@?@?@?@Se@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@W?X@S?U@S?U@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?fU@@@@@@@@&T)S?U'R(@@@@@@@@U@S?U@S@@@@@@@@?eU@S?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@T@@@?@S?U@@??@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@U@?@?@?@?@@@?@S@@@@@@@@@?@?@S?e?X/V?X
                                                                  ?@e?@e?@e?@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@Se?U@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@>@S,S??@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@J?@&T)@@@@@@@?h@@@@@@@@@&T)@@S@@@@@@@@?@&T)@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@S@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@@?@@@@@@@@?@?@?@S@@@@@@@@@>@S?U@?@?@?@S@@@@@@@@@S?X)?@?'V?U'V?S?U@S?@?@?e@?
                                                                                ?U@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?U@Se?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@S?U@S@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@N?U'R(@@@@@@@?U@@@S?e@@@@@@@@f)>@@@@@@@@@?1S?U7?1@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U&T)?&T)@@@@@@@@U@?@>@>7?@@@@@@@X@>@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@T'?(T@T@T@T@@@@@@@@@U*??U@?@?'R.T
                                                                    ?@e?@e?@e?/R@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@X@T/R.?.W@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@>*X/R(@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@e1Se@@@@@@@?/R+R.?e@@@@@@@@&W?XU@S@@@@@@@@?U'R(S?U@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@S?U@S??@@@@@@@@@?@?@@@S?@@@@@@@@@@?@?@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@S?Y(?@?@?@S?/?@?@?@?@?e@?
    When the University tries to find
                                                                      ?@e?@e?  X)Sg?Y@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U@?@?@S?U@>&?)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Y.T                    Y@?@@@@@@?g@@@@@@@?U&T)S?X)@@@@@@@@eU@?@S@@@@@@@@?fh@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U'R.T/R(@@@@@@@@U@?@>@>*?@@@@@@@Y@>&T)?@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U*?.T)?@?&T/R.?
                                                                              ?/R.T-T6@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@R(?'R.?1R@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@X/X/R6@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?.T-W@@@@@@@?,>@>*?/V@@@@@@@@@?/R(?@@@@@@@@@?.T-T/?.T6@@@Y@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@>@S?U@S@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@S?@@@@@@@@?@S?U@?@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@S?eU@?@S?U@S?@?@?@?e@?
                                                                        ?@?@?@eX/?/R+R+R(>@R@R@R@@@@@@@@@@@>@?@?'R(?@S?U@R@R@R&?)@@@@@@@@@@,S?.?@?e@?e@?e5@@@@@@@@?e/R+R@@@@@@@Y(S?X/??L@@@@@@@@@?,?@?@@@@@@@@@?@?@?/R+R+Ve,>&?@O?K6@@@@@@@@@&T/R.T)@@@@@@@@U@?@?@?'V@@@@@@@X@>'R(?@?@S@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@X/R+R(?&T/R.T/?@?@?e@?e@?
                                                                                  ?U@?@?@?@?@?@?@S?Y@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@?@?'R(?@?@?@Se@@@@@@@@@??U@S?fh@?@@@@@@@?eU@?@S@@@@@@@T@@?f@@@@@@@@J?U&T)S@@@@@@@@?e@?U@@@?'V?U@S?gY@@@@@@@e(?'R(@@@@@@@@U@?@?@?@S@@@@@@@Y@>@>@>@T@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Y.T)?&T/?.T/?
                                                                      ?@e?@?@?@?@?,>@T@T@T@T@T@T'?(W@@@@@@@>&T)>@T@T@T@T@T@T@T'?(@@@@@@@@@@Y.T/I?M@I?M@I?M0@@@@@@@@@7?@?.T-T)@@@@@@@@@@??M@V@@@@@@@@e.W?X)@@@@@@@@?@?@?.W@X@T'?(T'?@?@?@?(@@@@@@@'RU@S??@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?U@?@?@S?U@S?@?@?e@?
                                                                                  ?L@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U@S?U@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@
                                                                                  e@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Se?U@S@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U@S,S?U@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@h?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@N?fL@@@@@@@@?g@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?U@?@?@S@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@?@@@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@S?U@S?
                                                                        ?@e?@?@?@?H@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@&T/?,>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@R.X/?,@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?/R.?@?)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?e@??@@@@@@@@?@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?,?@?@?@@@@@@@@@X@>@>@>@S@@@@@@@X@>@>@>@@@@@@@@@@@R@R&?)R&?)R@@@@@@@@@X/?.T/?e@?e@?e@?
                                                                                                                                            ?e?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?eU@S?@?X)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@gH@@@@@@@@?g@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?U@?@?@S@@@@@@@@@@@?@@&T)@@@@@@@@@@?@?@S@@@@@@@@@>@?@S?U@S?U@S@@@@@@@@?
                                                                              ?@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@X/e?,>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@&T/Y.?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?e,?*?@??X6@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?e@@@@@@@@@?e@?e@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@7?,?&T)?@@@@@@@@@Y@>@>@Se@@@@@@@Y@>@?@>@@@@@@@@@>@?&T/R.T/R.T)@@@@@@@@?@?@?@?@?e@?e@?
                                                                                  ?L@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@f?U@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@S ,S??@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@V?fU@S?g@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@gL@@@@@@@@?g@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@S?U@S?U@S@@@@@@@@@?@?@?'R(@@@@@@@@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@U@?@S?U@S?U@S??@@@@@@@@?
and are usually less complete.
                                                                            ?@e?@e@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@R@R@R.?@?.T6@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@R@R&T/R.X/?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@2T/Ve@?,?'Ve@?@?@?@?6@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@'Ve/V?@@@@@@@@?@?e@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@R@>'R.T/R(?@@@@@@@@@>&T)>@>@>@@@@@@&T)?@?@S@@@@@@@@@>@?*?.T/R.T/R(@@@@@@@@?@?@?@?e@?e@?
                                                                                                    ?U@?@?@Sg?Y@Veh?Y@>@?@S?U@S?                                 X/V?eU@?'V?                         U'V?U'V?                                U@?@?@S?U@?@>@@@R@R@>@S?U@@&T)>@R@R@S?U@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@>@S?eU@S?U@S@@@@@@@@?
                                                                              ?@e?@e?@e?@?@?@e?/R(?@?@?*?@?/R.?.T/R+R+R.?@?/R.T)?&T/R.T/?e@?@?@?e/R.?@?e@??U*?/R(?@?'R.?/R.?/R+R.?e/R+R+R.?@?,?*?,?'R(?@?@?@?@?@?e@?e@?e@?e@?e@?.T-T-T/R.T)?@>@>&T)?&T/R(>@S?U@?@?@?'R(?@?@>@@@@@@@@@@@T'?@?(T'?(T@@@@@@@@@?e@?e@?e@?
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                                                                                                                                            ?@?@?@?e@?,?'R.?f                                                                                      U@S?U@?@?@S?U@S?U@?@?'R(?@?@?@?@?@?@?@S@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?
                                                                                                      U@Sh?U'V?U@Sf?U@S?U@S?U@S             ?@?@?e@?@?,?&T/?                       @Se@?e,?@?@?@?@?'R.?,?@@@@@@@@@?                                )?&T)>@>'R(?'R(?'R(?@?&T)?@>@>@?@?@?@?@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?
                                                                                                    ?)?&T-T/?@eX/V??,?&T-W??/R.T/R.T/R.T/?@?ehU@?@S?e/R.T/?.T-T-W?X/?.T/?5>&T/?@?,?@?@?'R+R.T/?,?@@@@@@@@@?@?e@?e@?e@?e@?@?@?@?/R.?/R(?'R(?@?&T/R.T/R.T)?@?@?@?@>@>@?@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?e@?e@?
                                                                                          ?@e?@e?@?.T/?@?@?@?@?.T/R.T/?@?/R.T/R.T/?.T/?@?@?ehX)S?fX)S?eU@S?@@?@S?U'R.@&W?fU@?@?@?@?@S?eU@S@@@@@@@@?@?@?e@?e@?e@?e@?e@?U@S?U@?@?@?@?@S?U@S?U@S?U@?@?@?@?@@@?@?@?@?@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?e@?
                                                                                                                   ?U@Sf?U@S?U@S                                 .?@?/R.?'R+R.?/V?HT)@?fU@?@?@?@?@?@S?U@S@@@@@@@@?                           .T/?.TU@S?U@@@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@S?U@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?
                                                                                                                                ?U@S        ?                  ?U*?              )S?U7?@?@?,?@?@?@?@?@?'R.T)@@@@@@@@?                    /R.?/R(?/R(?'R(>@>&T)?@?@?&T)?@?'R(?@?@?@?&T)?&T)?&T)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?
                                                                                                ?@e?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?.T/?@?@?.T/?.T/R.?@?@?@?@?@?e@?e@??X/?e@?Y(S?e.T/?&T-T/?.TX)@@S?fU@?@?@?@?@?@?@S??@@@@@@@@?@?e@?e@?@?@?e@?eX)S?U@@?U@?@?@@@?@S?U@?@?@S?U@?@?@?@?@?@?@S?U@S?U@S?U@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?
resulting from research in industry,
                                                                                                  ?@?@?@e?@?@?@?@?/R.?@?@?@?@?@?.T/?@?/R.?@?@?@?e@??Y.?e@?e,>3?@?'R+R.?/R.?@??X-T/?@?@?,?@?@?@?@?@?@?*?)@@@@@@@@?e@?@?@?e@?e@?e@??X/R.T)?,?@?&T)>@?'R.T)?&T/?,?@?@?@?&T)?@?'R.T/R.T/R.T)?@?6@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?
                                                                                                                   ?U@S               ?U@S                                                                                                 U@S?eU@?@S?U@?@?@S?U@S?eU@?@?@?@S?U@?@?@S?U@S?U@S?
                                                                                                                                            ?@?e/V?Y(S?Y+Ve@??X)?e1S?U*?.T/R.?/R.?@?e/R(?@?&T)?@?@?@?*?.T/R
                                                                                                    ?@e?@e?@e?@?.T/e?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?.T/?@?hY.W?gX)@?e@&T)S?U@S?fhU@?@?@?@?@?@?@S?U@V?'R+R+R+Ve@?e@?e@?e@?e/R.T/?e,?&T/?.T)?&T/R(?'R.?,?&T)?&T/R.T)?&T/R.T/?.T/?@?@?@?@?e@?e@?e@?
                                                                                                                                            ?fX/R(?'R(?'V?hX/R.W?eU@S?U@S?fU@?@?@S?U@?@?@?@S?eU@@@?@@@?'V?                               U@S?fU@S?fU@S?U@?@?@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?
                                                                                                           ?@e?@e?@e?@?@?@e?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?e@??X-T)?@?@?*?e@?e@??U&We/R.T/?.T/?@?@?.T)?@?'R(?@?@?&T/?/R.T-T-T)>@?*?e@?e@?e@?e@?,?'R.?/R.T/?@?/R.T/?,?@?&T/R.T/R.T/?.T/?.T/?.T/?@?@?@?@?e@?e@?e@?
                                                                                                                                            ?hU&T)?&W?hY(S?eU@S?fhU@?@?@?@?@?@S?eU@S?fX)?&W?                                             U&T)S?X)S?fU@S?eU@?@S?U@S?U@S?
                                                                                                                 ?@e?@e?@e?@?@?@e?@?@?@ ?@?e@?e.W?X-We@?@?@?@?,?*?@?.T/Ve@?/R.?e/R.T)?@?@?&T)?*?/R.T/?@?@??X-We@?e@?e@?e@?e,S?U*??X/?@?@?.T/?@?,?&T/?.T/?.T/?@?@?@?@?e@?e@?e@?e@?e@?
                                                                                                                                            ?                         X)S?fU'V?eU&W?eU@S?U@?@?@S?U@S?U@S?                                U'R(S?              U@S?
                                                                                                                       ?@g?@e?@e?@e?@?e@?e@?e@?e@?e@?e@??X/?e@?.T/?@?.We@?.T/R.T)?&T/R.T/?.T/?@?@?e@?e@?e@?e@?e@?e/R.T)?*?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?.T/?@?@?@?@?@?@?e@?e@?e@?e@?e@?
a much earlier stage than those
                                                                                                                                            ?                                              U@S?U@S?U@S?                                X)S?U@S?
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                                                                                                                                            ?                         X)S?U'V?                   U@S?U@S?
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                             NEWS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Page 11                             21/4/97 10:42 am                                                         APRIL Bulletin 97
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       12
                                                                                      Susan Pearce                                                                                                                                                                                 central province of Hubei, the Deputy Director
 continue to expand.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               into the cities where wages are higher. In the
 University Press, now on solid financial footing as part of an old-name publishing house,                                                                                                                                                                                         supply is to be reduced. through movement
 number of universities which are starting up similar enterprises. We look to see Leicester                                                                                                                                                                                        can be maintained or even increased if labour
 affiliation with the Press is a substantial asset for the University, as highlighted by the                                                                                                                                                                                       short run, and, in the long run, if production
 academic activity, academic publishing is going through exciting times. However, the                                                                                                                                                                                              impact of ‘consolidation’ on production in the
 in a relatively short period of time, and the health of the enterprise. Like all other areas of                                                                                                                                                                                   conditions and methods and to study the
 books for 1997. The growth reflects Cassell’s ability to expand the publishing programme                                                                                                                                                                                          the field work was to look at basic farming
    Since 1995 we have published 48 new LUP books and have forecast a total of 42 new                                                                                                                                                                                              eastern and northern China. The purpose of
 fruits of which are to be seen in the catalogues published regularly by the Press.                                                                                                                                                                                                townships in each of three provinces in central,
 commissioning trips to the United States and Australia as well as covering the UK, the                                                                                                                                                                                            Department of Economics after visiting two
 approved by the board and by Cassell management. In 1996 editors undertook major                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ziping Wu have just returned to the
 (currently chaired by Sue Pearce, Dean of Arts). In order to be contracted, books must be                                                                                                                                                                                         Dr Mingquan Liu and his research associate Dr
 book projects to the LUP advisory board which meets six times a year in the University                                                                                                                                                                                            the local people when the work is completed.
    Cassell’s academic editorial team of five people, headed by Janet Joyce, propose new                                                                                                                                                                                           drainage and farm roads, returning the plots to
 reference books and Cassell in religious studies and linguistics).                                                                                                                                                                                                                farmers and investing in proper irrigation,
 specialise in different subject areas or types of book (for example Mansell specialises in                                                                                                                                                                                        ‘consolidate’ the land by taking the land from
 alongside three other “academic” imprints - Pinter, Cassell and Mansell - which each                                                                                                                                                                                              its people. The Government wants to
 majority of its humanities and a large percentage of its social science publishing. It sits                                                                                                                                                                                       seeking ways to increase food supplies to feed
    Within Cassell, LUP operates as a separate imprint and is Cassell’s vehicle for the                                                                                                                                                                                            China with its rapidly increasing population is
 its infrastructure of editorial specialists at the offices in the Strand.                                                                                                                                                                                                         Can China feed her people?
 alignment are access to Cassell’s extensive marketing network, especially in the USA, and
 existing strengths in the general trade market. For LUP the advantages of the re-                                                                                                                                                                                                 Islington.
 on the part of Cassell was to build a strong academic publishing division to complement its                                                                                                                                                                                       keynote address was given by Lord Desai of
 offices moved to the Strand, not far from Pinter’s offices in Covent Garden. The objective                                                                                                                                                                                        and various financial institutions in India. The
 LUP (as part of Pinter Publishers) was acquired by Cassell plc in February 1995 and its                                                                                                                                                                                           Bank of India, the Indian Merchants’ Chamber
 1995-1996 Activities                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              members of the State Bank and the Reserve
 LEICESTER UNIVERSITY PRESS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        University of Bombay. Delegates included
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   with the Department of Economics of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   by the British Council who co-hosted the event
   Prize Fund).                                                                                                                                 will influence the Chinese                                                                                                         European Community and India was sponsored
   Dr J Fisher and Ms Tracey Varnava, (secretary of the Victoria Fisher Memorial                                                                he is also undertaking in Taiwan,                                                                                                  on Financial Liberalisation - Impact on the
   AWARD: From left, Mrs Fisher, Ms Carole Lyons, (Judge), Jane Swann,,
                                                                                                                                                together with the research that                                                                                                    symposium in Bombay, India. The symposium
                                                                                                                                                hopeful that the findings,                                                                                                         Department recently presented a paper at a
                                                                                                                                                project to run, and Dr Liu is                                                                                                      Professor Kevin Lee of the Economics
                                                                                                                                                There are still 8 months for the                                                                                                   ECONOMICS
                                                                                                                                                in Beijing to report the findings.
                                                                                                                                                invited, was held during January                                                                                                                                     Colin Marshall
                                                                                                                                                Government organisations were                                                                                                     other universities in the region.
                                                                                                                                                which 15 experts from various                                                                                                     other shops including the campus bookshops at
                                                                                                                                                Liu and Dr Wu. A conference, to                                                                                                   Region beating off stiff competition from 26
                                                                                                                                                the county acted as guide to Dr                                                                                                   the best academic bookshop in the Midland
                                                                                                                                                of the Planning Commission of                                                                                                        Leicester University Bookshop was voted as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Britain and Ireland.
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ?

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  bookshops throughout Great
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Practice Course at the School of                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  series of awards to academic
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                                                                                                                                                                         @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?                                     ?

Cambridge, completed the Legal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    first time this year presented a
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                                                                                                                                                               ?M0@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@'I?                             ?
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                                                                                                                                                         X@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@W?                         ?
                                                                                                                                                     ?Y0@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@4Ve
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                                                                                                                                                 X@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@4V                   ?
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                                                                                                                                'VehY(@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@&W?                        ?
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Swann, formerly of New Hall                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       the Publishers Association for the
                                                                                                                                @@'If?M0@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@&W?                     ?
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                                                                                                                                @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@2?@?@?                     @?@?6@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@&W?                   ?
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                                                                                                                                @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?                                   Y@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@J                     ?
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                                                                                                                                @@@@@@@@@@@@V?                                     U@S?U@R@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@S?                     ?
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the subject of pornography. Jane                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Publishers Marketing Committee of
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Swann, who submitted an essay on                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The College & Professional
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                                                                                           U@@?gU@S?U@S?U@?@?@?@?@?@?@S?U@?@?@?@?@?@?@?&T)S?fU@?@?@S?ehU@?@@@?@S?U@S?U@?@?@S?gU@?@@@?@S?U@?@?@S?U@?@?@S?U@S?                                ?
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                                                                                      @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@>@?@S?U@S?fU@?@S?                      U@S?U@S?hU@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?U@@@?@S?U@?@?@@@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@S?U@?@?@S?                    ?f?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@
                                               gh@?e@?e@?e@?e@?e@?e@?@?/V@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@>&T/?.T/?@?@?,?@?*?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?.T/R(?'R.?@?e@?.T/R.T/R.T/R.T/R.T/R.T/?.T)>&T/R(?@?&T)>@?@?@?@>@>@?&T/R.T-T-T/?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@e?@e?@e?@e?@
                                                                                    U@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@W?ehU@?@S?                             U@?@?@S?hU@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?fU@S?U@?@?@S?U@?@?@?@?@@@?@S?U@S?                             ?f?@@@@@@@@@@@@@

£150 was this year awarded to Jane                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BOOKSHOP
                                                         @?e@?e@?e@?e@?@?/R.?/R(@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@?@?@?,?&T/R+R+R(?/R(?/R.?@?.T)?@?'R.?/R.?@?.T/?.T/R.T/R.T/R.T/?@?/R.T/R(>@?&T/R(?@?&T)?@>@>@?*?.T/?@?@?@?/R.?@?@?/R.?@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@e?@?@?@e?@e?@e?@e?@
                                               gh@?e@?e@?e@?e@?@?/RU@S?U@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?hU@S?U@@@?@@?U@@?U@S?fU@?@?@S?U@S?hU@S?U@S?U@S?fU@S?U@@@?@S?U@?@?@S?U@?@?@?@S?ehU@S?fU@S??f?@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@?/R.?@?@?@e?@e?@e?@e?@
                                                                              S?U@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?hU@?@@&W?eU@S?fU@S?U@S?                                      U@?@@@?@?@?@S?U@?@?@?@?@@@?@?@?@S?U@S?U@S?fU@S?U@S?U@S?U*?f?@@@@@@@@@@?
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                                                         @?e@?e@?e/R.?/R.T/R.T)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@&?@?@?@?@?e,>@T)Se/R.T/?@?/R.T/R.T/R.?/R.?/R.?@?@?@?@?/V?Y(>@W@X@>@?@?'R(?@?@?@?@>@>&T)?@?*?.T/R.T/R.?/R.T/R.T/?.T/?.W@?@?@@@@@@@@@@@@'R.?/R.T/?@?@?@?@e?@e?@e?@
                                                                      X)S?U@S?U@S??@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@S?ehU@@?U'V?U&W?fU@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?hU'R(?@@@@@@@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@S?U@?@S?eU@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?                                 ?f@@@@@@@@@@@@@S?U@S
                                               gh@?e@?e@?e@??X/?.T/R.T/R(@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@&T/R+R+R+R.?/R(>@R.T/R.We@?e.T/?.T/R.T/R(?'R(>'R(?/R.?@?.T-T)>@V@Y@>@?@>@>@?@?@>@>@?@?'R.T)?*?/R.T/R.T/R.T/R.T/R.?@?@?@?@?@?@@@@@@&?)@@@@@'R.T/R.?@?@?@e?@e?@e?@e?@
                                                                            U@S?U@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@S?U@?@@@?@S?U@@@?@S?U@S?fhX)S?U@?@?@@@?@@?                             @@?@?@?@@@?@?@?@@@?@?@?@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?U@S?       ?f@@@@@Se@@@@@U
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                                               gh@?e@?e@?e@?e@?@?@?e@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@&T-T)>@>@>@>@>@>@R+R(>@T)>*?@?e@?@?/R.T/?@?1>@>@>@>@>3?e@?@?@?/R.?@?.T-T-T/?e@?e1>@T)?@?'R.T/R.T/R.T/R.T/R.?/R.?/R.T/R.T/?@?/R(@7eX)?&W@@@@@@@?@?@?@e?@e?@e?@e?@e?@e?@

on 14 March 1997. The prize of
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                                                                      /R.?@?.T/R(@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@X/V?X-T)>@>@>@>@?@?&T-W?X/?e/R+R+R(?,>@>@>&T)>3?@?.T-T/R.?.T)?*?@?.T/R(>@>@>@Sf,?@?@?@S?U@>@>@?@?@?@>@>@>@?@?*?,?'R+R+R(T-T)S?X)?&T-T/R.?@?1@@@@@@@3
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                                               eh@?e@?e@?e@?@?@?.T/?@?@?.T)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@N?X/?@?.T@T-T-T-Wf?Y+R+V?Y(>@>@>7?,>@>&T/?.T)R+R.?@?.We@?,?'R.?/R.T)>@?@?@?*?@?,S?X)?&T-T)>@>@?@>@>&T-T)>@>@?*?.T-T)?&T)?@?,S@?,?*?@?.T/?@?@@@@@@@@@Y.?@?@?@e?@e?@e?@e?@
                                                                                ?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@>'V?g@?ehY(?@?*?,?@?@@@S?U&T)S?fU@?@S?hU@?&W?X-W?X)?@?@?@S?eX/V?X)S?eU@?@?@?@@@S?eU@@@?@S?fU@S?fU*??U@Seh@@@@@@@@@S
                                               fh@?e@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?@?e@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@X-T/?@?@?@?@?e@??Y+R+R.T-T-W?X)?@>@>'R.W?X/?/R.?.T)>'R+R.?/R+R(?@Sg?U&T)?@?*?/V?X/??X/?e.T-T-T-T)>'R+R(>@>@T/?@?e,?'R.?/R.W@?.T/R.?/R.?@?@@@@@@@@@@'?@?@e?@e?@e?@e?@
                                                                                ?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?                    Y(?@@@S?gX)?@?@@@S?fU@S?eU@@@?@S?U@?@?@?'R+V?eY(S?U@?@S?U'V?                            U@@@?@?@?@@?gU&T)S?U@S??e?U@S?U@Sf@@@@@@@@@?

to Women and the Law, took place
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                                               fhM0@@@@4Ie@?@?@?@?@?.T/R(>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?'R0@@@@@'?(>@?&T)>@>'R.W@X@@@@@@4?@?(@@@@@@T@T@W@X@W@U@?&T)?'R(>'?(T'R+R(>@>@>@>'R.T'I?X'?(T'?(T@@@@@@@>@>*?@?@?/R.T)>@?'R.?/R(@@@5@'?@eY.?@?@?@?@@@@@@@@@@'?+R.?@?@e?@e?@eM0@@@@@@@@@4V?
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                                               eh5@@@@@@@@@@@@Nf?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@fU@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?e@@@@@@@@@@S?U@?@S?@@@@@@@?U@?@?@@@?@S?U@>@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?gX)S?X)S?e@@@@@@@@@@@@@'R(Se@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?hY(@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@
                                               eh@@@@@@@@@@@@@@e@?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?.T6@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@@@@@@@@@@'?.T-T/?@@@@@@@?.T-T-T-T-T/?.T-T6@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@??X/??X/?@?@@@@ @@@@@@@@&T'?(@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?'R.e(@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@
                                               h?L@@@@eH@@@@@@@N?eH@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@N?H@V@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@JeH@@@@@@@@@Y@R@@@NL@@@@@4V?e?)@4R+R+R+V?Y0@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@4V?ehY+V?@@@@@@Y0@@@@@4V?Y+R0@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@g?@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?
                                               eh@@@@e@@@@@@@@@?e@@@@@@@@@R@V@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@Y&?@?@W@@@@@@@?,>@@@@@@@@@R@Ve?@@@@@@?@?)@@@@@@@@@@T@W@X'V@@@@@@'?@??X)>@?@?@?'R(>@@@@@@@@@R&?@?)@@@@@@@'?@?@?/R.?@?.T/?@@@??@,@@@@@@@'R.T)@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@N??@eH@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@N

the best essay on any title relating
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                                               eh@O?K/?H@@@@@@@S?e?@@@@@@@eU@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?@?@S@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@U@S?e?@@@@@@@@@e@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@?fU@@@?@@@?@@@S?@@@@@@@@@@S?e?@@@@@@@>@S?U@@@?@S?eU@?@?@S?H@@@@@@@S?X)S@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@&Wf@@@@@@@7h?@@@@@@@@?
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Press and Alumni
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Fisher Memorial Prize, awarded for
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The presentation of the Victoria
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Overseas Development
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‘consolidates’ its farm land.
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        NEWS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Page 12                             21/4/97 10:42 am   APRIL Bulletin 97
APRIL Bulletin 97      21/4/97 10:42 am           Page 13




                                                                                                                       NEWS
      Law in London, and is now a trainee solicitor at          made by the Dean of the Science Faculty,                   workshop takes place in the afternoons.
      Mischon de Reya.                                          Professor John Beeby. Also in attendance were                 Besides the July Fortnight’s activities, many
        The Prize was presented to Ms Swann at a                Dr Emyr Evans, Senior Admissions Tutor, Dr                 daytime and evening courses and workshops
      buffet lunch attended by Dr and Mrs J Fisher              Alan Howe, Departmental Senior Tutor and Dr                run through into June, and full details of these
      and members of the Law Faculty.                           Richard Cole, Leicester Space Centre Manager.              appear in the programme. Copies of the
                                    Barbara Goodman                The exceptional quality of the 1996                     programme can be obtained by phoning the
                                                                undergraduate entry into the Department is                 Richard Attenborough Centre on 0116 252
      MODERN LANGUAGES                                          highlighted by the fact that all six                       2455.
      Deputy Editor of The Spectator Anne McElvoy,              winners of the Velan Scholarships                                                       In February, the
      a former correspondent for The Times in East              and Departmental Bursaries                                                           RAC welcomed
      Berlin and Moscow, delivered the Annual                   averaged more than 44 A-level                                                        internationally
      Modern Languages Lecture.                                 points each. They were:                                                              acclaimed clarinettist
         Ms McElvoy, who witnessed at first hand the            Alexander King, Sinead Quinn,                                                       Emma Johnson, who
      tumultuous events that led to German                      Simon Good, Stuart Nelson,                                                          appeared with pianist
      unification, spoke on Forty Years of German               Lindsay Robinson, Deborah                                                           Gordon Back. She
      Communism: Reflections on a Lost Republic.                Brown, Kim Page.                                                                   performed a
         Ms McElvoy joined a group of distinguished                                                                                                programme of music by
      journalists and media figures who are visiting            RICHARD                                                                            Weber, Schumann,
      the University during its Jubilee Year. They              ATTENBOROUGH                                                                      Saint-Saens, Poulenc,
      include the BBC’s John Simpson, ITN’s Michael             CENTRE                                                                            Gershwin and Giamperi.
      Nicholson, Sue Cook, David Attenborough, Dr               Just published, the Summer
      Patrick Moore and many more.                              Term programme of the                                                             SCARMAN CENTRE
                                                                Richard Attenborough Centre                                                       Since 1993 the Scarman
      MRC INSTITUTE FOR                                         for Disability and the Arts                                                       Centre for the Study of
      ENVIRONMENT AND HEALTH                                    buzzes with a variety of                                                         Public Order has
                                                                                                    SOUND SUCC
      The MRC Institute for Environment and Health              opportunities. Although                               ESS: Emma Joh              specialised in producing
                                                                                                    concert at the RA               nson in
      hosted a meeting of the International                     people with disabilities are a                        C.                        publications in the areas of
      Programme on Chemical Safety from the 3rd                 priority at the Centre, it is open to everyone                                  public order, crime, policing
      to the 8th of March on behalf of the World                who would like to participate in the arts and              and related fields. The Centre now publishes
      Health Organization. The meeting, held in the             attend arts events.                                        its own Crime, Order and Policing (COP)
      meeting rooms at the new premises of the                     Week 1 of the July Fortnight is Art Week,               series of occasional and research papers.
      Institute on Regent Road, discussed the adverse           which offers the luxury of more time than usual            Closet backbench Eurosceptics worried about
      effects of pesticides on human health and the             to explore and tease out an individual approach            European infringement of civil rights can find
      environment. Paul Harrison, Head of the                   to painting and drawing, with problems set by              out the truth in the occasional paper: Identity
      Environmental Toxicology Group at the                     tutors Alan Caine and Sîan Thomas. During the              Cards in the European Union: The British debate.
      Institute said: “This is the first time that the          same week, a practical introduction to playing             Those with a more friendly attitude to our
      Institute has hosted a meeting of this kind. I am         traditional folk songs from the Caribbean on               European partners, who cannot understand the
      delighted that we were chosen as the venue for            steel drums is open to all. There is no need to            xenophobia of the ever amenable British press
      this prestigious event, bringing our activities to        be able to read music - tunes will be                      during the recent European football
      the attention of an international audience.”              improvised and remembered. During the                      championships, might try War Minus the
                                              Sarah Badley      second week, Midsummer Motion (creative                    Shooting?: Jingoism, The English Press and
                                                                dance and drama) continues, and a composing                Euro’ 96. The Scarman Centre’s publication list
      PHYSICS AND                                                                                                          now includes thirteen Occasional Papers, seven
      ASTRONOMY                                                                                                            Research Papers and various books. Further
      The six best entrants into                                                                                           details of how to order these publications can
      the Department of                                                                                                    be supplied by Julie Evans, Publicity Officer at
      Physics and Astronomy                                                                                                the Scarman Centre.
      for 1996-97 were                                                                                                        The Centre printed its first Scarman Centre
      recently presented with                                                                                              News , with the headline, ‘Another Successful
      their Velan Scholarships                                                                                             Year!’ This newsletter analyses the Centre’s
      and Departmental                                                                                                     progress in 1996, including reports on its
      Bursaries at a ceremony                                                                                              inauguration in April with the associated visit by
      held in the Physics and                                                                                              Lord Scarman. Inside is a mixture of
      Astronomy Building. In                                                                                               information about the Scarman Centre, such as
      addition, the Leicester                                                                                              postgraduate courses, current research
      Space Centre Scholarship,                                                                                            undertakings, and an e-mail address for a
      determined from an essay                                                                                             monthly on-line bulletin. This is blended with
      competition, was also                                                                                                lighter features such as the first staff profile: this
      awarded.                                                                                                             month it’s the turn of Edward Borodzicz,
         In the absence of the                                                                                             Lecturer in Crisis Management, who is the
      Head of Department,                                                                                                  subject of a witty interview.
      Professor Tudor Jones,         RECOGNITION: Scholarship and bursaries winners in the Department of Physics and
      the presentations were         Astronomy with members of staff


                                                                                                                                                                           13
APRIL Bulletin 97   21/4/97 10:42 am   Page 14




                FEATURES
      JUBILEE OPEN DAY: SOME REFLECTIONS
                                                          ACH Open Day seems to take on its own character. The 1990

                                                 E        event is remembered for temperatures above 20°C, while the
                                                          record-breaking crowds of 1994 produced a carnival
                                                 atmosphere. No such records were broken this year, and initial estimates
                                                 suggest that somewhere between 10,000 and 12,000 people visited the
                                                 University on March 15. They were delighted by the range of events,
                                                 activities and displays available to inform and entertain them.
                                                    We have never judged the success of Open Days solely by the
                                                 numbers attending. The quality of the experience is just as important, and
                                                 we scored highly on this count. Families particularly appreciated the
                                                 structuring of the programme to make clear the age ranges for which
                                                 events were suitable. There were 149 scheduled events and over 300
                                                 activities and displays; many visitors had difficulty deciding between
                                                 competing attractions — a sure sign of a successful programme. The
                                                 Ermine Street Guard were predictably a great success, and the
                                                 ‘Chemistry is Fun’ demonstrations retain their universal appeal. We are
                                                 also grateful to Malcolm Bradbury for delivering the Celebrity Lecture to
                                                 an appreciative audience.
                                                    This Open Day fell in the middle of a busy Jubilee Year, which has
                                                 some blockbuster events still to come. For those interested in numbers,
                                                 total attendances at events (including Open Day) listed to date in the First
                                                 and Second Season Jubilee Year Programmes are, on a rough and ready
                                                 calculation, around 23,000.
                                                    Thanks are due to everyone involved in Open Day; the time and effort
                                                 are rewarded by all our visitors being better informed about the work we
                                                 do. As a teaching and research university of international standing, we re-
                                                 affirm our roots in the City of Leicester and County of Leicestershire at
                                                 such events.




                                                                                            (Professor Robin White,
                                                                                            Pro-Vice-Chancellor)




        14
APRIL Bulletin 97   21/4/97 10:42 am   Page 15




                                                 FEATURES




                                                            15
APRIL Bulletin 97        21/4/97 10:42 am             Page 16




                         JUBILEE FEATURE
      STEPS IN TIME
      A FEATURE RECORDING ANNIVERSARIES IN THE UNIVERSITY’S JUBILEE YEAR

       This year marks the anniversaries of several departments and                                                                                                                                                                                                  including France, Italy, Germany, Poland, and Singapore.
       sections of the University. In this issue, 30th, 40th and 50th                                                                                                                                                                                                   We can be justly proud of our students’ successes, both before and after
       anniversaries are featured, looking back over the years as well                                                                                                                                                                                               graduation. To mention a few - our undergraduate mooting teams have won
       as forwards.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  the National Observer Mooting Competition on six occasions - no mean feat.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Recently our Client-Interviewing teams have reached the Finals of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Competition. Many graduates have prospered as solicitors or barristers,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     earning sums far in excess of what their teachers can ever hope to earn! A
      30TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE CENTRE FOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     few have taken Silk. Several have become academics (one a professor), and
      MASS COMMUNICATION RESEARCH                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    another a chief constable. We await the day when we can acclaim our first
      The Centre for Mass Communication Research is one of the oldest centres in                                                                                                                                                                                     graduate High Court Judge.
      the field in Britain, and we celebrated our thirtieth anniversary in 1996-97.                                                                                                                                                                                     What, I wonder, of the next thirty years?
      The Centre was established with Home Office support in 1966 to promote                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Professor D G Barnsley
      social scientific research into a topic of immediate social concern: the impact
      of television portrayal of sex and violence on society. In 1996-97, these               40TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE
      general concerns remain a focus of lively social debate as well as part of the
      Centre’s research agenda.
                                                                                              DEPARTMENTAL STAFF COMMON ROOM
         However, as the importance of the media in everyday life, political debate           ASSOCIATION
      and international markets grows, our research agenda has also                                                                                     The Departmental Staff
      expanded. We focus on the the production and consumption of                                                                                       Common Room Association
      media forms and genres in local, national and international                                                                                       was formed in June 1957,
      contexts, and research issues such as the mediated nature of                                                                                      before the opening of the
      political communcation, the impact of media coverage on the                                                                                       Percy Gee Building in 1958,
      public understanding of science, and the global imbalances in                                                                                     with the sole intention of
      news. Current research projects have benefited from funding by                                                                                     asking the Principal to provide
      the ESRC, the Home Office, Broadcasting Standards Council and                                                                                      us with a Common Room in
      MAFF, and have helped inform debate within the BBC and                                                                                             the new building.
      Channel 4 about multicultural portrayal and to support the global                                                                                      This facility was granted,
      monitoring of the representation of women.                                                                                                          and the Committee then
         Over the past five years, the Centre has changed radically from                                                                                  took over the responsibilities
      being primarily a research institute into a fully-fledged university                                                                                of running the new Common
      department. Our undergraduates produce programmes for                                                                                                Room and organising an
      Leicester Cable; our residential master’s degree attracted students                                                               ESS:  DSCR         events programme.
                                                                                                              LIKE DOUGH BUSIN
      from 21 countries this year, while our distance-learning master’s         THERE’S NO BUSINESS                         ing during an evening visit       Originally, the guiding
                                                                                                         ds at pork pie mak
      degree offers the best of international media scholarship in              members trying their han                              er.                  principle of the DSCR
                                                                                                           ton Mowbray last Decemb
                                                                                to Dickinson & Morris, Mel
      specially-prepared materials for what is already a global student                                                                                     Association was to gain
      body and our first cohort of students haven’t yet graduated!                                                                                          recognition for the non-
         The Centre is a very lively multicultural setting in which to study                                        academic staff as a body throughout the University, and to
      and research, and we look forward to the next thirty years with enthusiasm!             bring them together as the University grew and departments became
                                               Professor Annabelle Sreberny-Mohammadi         physically more widespread.
                                                                                                 In December 1957, the first social function was held at The Hotel Victory
      30TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE LAW                                                             in Great Central Street - this became the annual New Year Dinner Dance,
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                                                                                              and the Charles Wilson Building.
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      It was 1966 when the Department of Law opened its                                          A varied programme now includes evening lectures, industrial visits, day
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      doors to students - all thirty of them with a staff of four, led                        trips, weekend trips, garden visits, theatre outings, badminton and tennis. Its
      by Professor Grodecki. Never since have we had such a                                   interest in cricket (part of the programme in early years) and, more
      healthy staff-student ratio! Our first premises were in a cramped annexe to             importantly, the fact that the DSCR kit was available to other teams, gave
      College House, which was then part of H Block; its demolition soon                      impetus to the growth of inter-departmental fixtures and the Gilmore Lee
      afterwards was mourned by no-one. From there we moved to what is now                    Knockout Cup.
      the Engineering Annexe, then to College House (where the writer occupied                   During its lifetime, the Common Room has been in four different locations;
      Sir David Attenborough’s former bedroom) and finally, in 1975, to our                   on the first floor of the Percy Gee Building (facing the car park), then to the
      present abode in the Fielding Johnson Building.                                         corner turret - ground floor of the Fielding Johnson Building (now
         During the past 30 years, the Department has grown out of all recognition.           Admissions), then back to the Percy Gee and a short period in the Redfearn
      Originally part of the Faculty of the Social Sciences, we acquired Faculty status       Room, before moving permanently in 1967 to the second floor (city side) of
      in 1973. This session, there are over 750 undergraduates studying Law,                  the Charles Wilson Building.
      Law/French, and Economic & Law courses, with a full-time staff of 41. There                In 1957, there were 45 members. Today, there are more than 500.
      are also over 400 distance-learning students enrolled with the International            There is a flourishing and well-supported programme. Looking back over the
      Centre for Management, Law & Industrial Relations (established in 1987).                past 40 years, the Association can be proud of its achievements.
      Close academic links have been forged with universities in overseas countries,                                                                                         Terry Garfield

        16
APRIL Bulletin 97        21/4/97 10:42 am            Page 17




                                                                                                                FEATURES
      50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE PHYSICS AND
      ASTRONOMY DEPARTMENT
                                                                                                HONORARY DEGREES AT
      Since this Department was established with E A Stewardson as the
      Foundation Professor, its achievements in both teaching and research feature
                                                                                                LEICESTER UNIVERSITY
      a very large number of highlights.                                                        The following will receive                 is currently Chief Executive of the
          In 1972, the Department was the first in the UK to establish an                       honorary degrees from the                  Biotechnology and Biological
      undergraduate degree course in Physics with Astrophysics. Another                         University at ceremonies in                Sciences Research Council. He
      innovation, the Space Science and Technology degree course, was the first in              Leicester on 9, 10 and 11 July:            read Chemistry at Leicester and
      the UK in 1990, and has now been widely copied by other universities.                     Professor Raymond Baker (Doctor            graduated with first class honours
          In research, the Astronomy group has always been particularly strong in the           of Science); Mr Jack Birkenshaw            in 1959. He obtained his PhD in
      field of theoretical astrophysics and was the first to show that an entire class of       (Master of Arts); Ms Sue Cook              1962. He was appointed Lecturer
      binary stars contained Black Holes. The X-ray Astronomy group has had                     (Doctor of Letters); Dr Heather            in Organic Chemistry at the
      instruments in space continuously since 1962, which must be a record for any              Couper (Doctor of Science); Miss           University of Southampton in
      university! The ROSAT Wide Field Camera, constructed in this section,                     Carol Galley (Doctor of Laws);                             1964, became
      undertook the first comprehensive survey of the sky at extreme ultraviolet                Dame                                                       Senior Lecturer in
      wavelengths, and, as a result, discovered some of the hottest stars within our            Rosalyn                                                    1972, Reader in
      galaxy. A key role will be taken in the construction of a camera for one of the           Higgins                                                     1974 and
      X-ray telescopes connected with the project XMM, a Cornerstone Mission of                 (Doctor of                                                  Professor in 1977.
      the European Space Agency, to be launched in 1999.                                        Laws); Dr Jeff                                              He was appointed
          The Radio and Space Plasma Physics group is unique as it is located in two            Hoffman                                                      Executive
                                                                          departments           (Doctor of                                                   Director of
                                                                          (Engineering and      Science); Sir                                                Research at
                                                                          Physics and           Dai Rees                                                      Merck Sharp and
                                                                          Astronomy) and        (Doctor of                                                    Dohme in 1989.
                                                                          its important         Science).                                                     He was elected
                                                                          cross-disciplinary                                                                   to Fellow of the
                                                                                                Professor
                                                                          research has                                                                         Royal Society in
                                                                                                Raymond
                                                                          enhanced the                                                                          1994 and was
                                                                                                Baker (DSc)
                                                                          wealth creation                                                                       the University’s
                                                                                                Professor                                                       Adrian Visiting
                                                                          process. Recent                                           ond Baker
                                                                                                Raymond Baker        Professor Raym                           Professor in the
                                                                          scientific
                                                                          hightlights include                                                                    Continued overleaf
                                                                          the completion
                                                                          of the CUTLASS
                                                                          radar in 1996,
       SYNCHROTON AT GRENOBLE, FRANCE: The Condensed                     and pioneering
       Matter Physics group use this and a similar Synchrotron radiation
                                                                         work into
       source at Daresbury laboratory.
                                                                         modifying the
                                                                         ionosphere by
      means of very high power radio waves. This has created a whole new field of
      plasma physics, in which the Leicester group has played a leading role.
          Major studies, both experimental and theoretical, of the properties of
      surfaces have been undertaken by our Condensed Matter Physics group.
      Outstanding new results have been produced by the Theory group, using the
      application of RHEED. Experimental studies of surfaces have been
      undertaken at the Synchrotron Radiation source at Daresbury laboratory. In
      this field, the development of muon spectroscopy is a unique contribution by
      this group.
          Three years ago, a new Earth Observation Science unit was formed, and
      has since been successful in developing an MSc course in Earth Observation
      Science. This group carries out cross disciplinary research into the properties
      of the Earth and the oceans from space, paying particular attention to ocean
      waves and the interaction between the sea surface and the atmosphere.
          The latest exciting development, the Department’s Space Centre, will
      house the Space Management and Technology groups, and will provide the
      technological services for all space missions within the Department, and other
      departments within the University. New projects are currently being
      undertaken on behalf of the X-ray Astronomy, Radio and Space Plasma
      Physics and Earth Observation Science groups.
                                                                         Professor T B Jones




                                                                                                                                                                           17
APRIL Bulletin 97      21/4/97 10:42 am       Page 18




                    FEATURES
      Department of Chemistry                of Leicester in 1973 with a degree            Her Excellency Dame Rosalyn              in Materials Science from Rice
      between 1990 and 1993.                 in Astronomy/Physics. She                     Higgins, DBE (LLD)                       University in 1988 and studied at
      Mr Jack Birkenshaw (MA)                became a Lecturer at the                      Dame Rosalyn Higgins took office         Harvard University to become a
                                             Greenwich Planetarium in 1977.                in 1995 as the first woman to be         Doctor of Philosophy in
      Jack Birkenshaw has been Cricket
                                             Since 1983 she has been a full-time           appointed a judge of the                 Astrophysics in 1971. Between
      Manager of Leicestershire County
                                             broadcaster, TV producer and                  International Court of Justice           1972 and 1975 he undertook
      Cricket Club since 1992. The Club
                                             writer and has been                           (World Court) in The Hague. She          postdoctoral work in the
      won the County Championship in
                                             wholeheartedly involved in                    was educated at Burlington               Department of Physics and
      1996 and came second in 1994. It
                                             science-related public relations.             Grammar School in London and at          Astronomy at the University of
      reached the finals of the NatWest
                                             She was Professor of Astronomy at             Girton College, Cambridge, where         Leicester. He worked on several
      Trophy in 1992 and the semi-finals
                                             Gresham College between 1993                  she graduated in Law in 1958. She        x-ray astronomy rocket payloads
      of the Benson and Hedges Cup in
                                             and 1996 and was President of the             subsequently obtained a doctorate        and in 1972 he was project
      1993. The second XI has won the
                                             British Astronomical Association                               from Yale Law           scientist for the medium-energy x-
      Bain Clarkson Trophy in three of
                                             (1984/86) and the                                               School. She was        ray experiment on the European
      the last four years. As a player,
                                             Society for                                                     called to the Bar in   Space Agency’s EXOSAT satellite,
      Jack Birkenshaw was a
                                             Popular                                                          1975 and became       playing a leading role in the
      middle/lower order left-hand
                                             Astronomy                                                        one of Her            proposal and design studies for this
      batsman and right-arm off break
                                             (1987/89). She                                                   Majesty’s             project. He was selected by
      bowler. He played for Yorkshire
                                             is a member of                                                    Counsel in 1986,     NASA in 1978 and became an
      before joining Leicestershire in
                                             the Millennium                                                    and has practised    astronaut in August 1979. He
      May 1961, playing a total of 420
                                             Commission.                                                       in human rights      made his first space flight as a
      matches until his departure in
                                             She has                                                            law and             mission specialist in April 1985 on
      1980. During his career he scored
                                             published widely                                                    international      the Shuttle Discovery. He has
      12,203 runs (including four
                                             in many journals                                                     law, appearing    made four space flights since, the
      centuries), took 1050 wickets and
                                             and is the                                                            many times       most recent in March 1996. This
      300 catches. He played five Test
                                             astronomy                                                             before           mission was completed in 252
      Matches for England between
                                             columnist for The                                                     international    orbits, covering 6.5 million miles in
      1972 and 1974.
                                             Independent.                                                           courts. She     377 hours and 40 minutes. He has
      Ms Sue Cook (DLitt)                    Publications                                                                           logged more than 1,211 hours and
                                                                               lyn Higgins                     became a
                                                                    Dame Rosa
      Sue Cook graduated from the            include The                                                 Bencher of Lincoln’s       21.5 million miles in space.
      University of Leicester in 1970        Restless Universe                             Inn in 1989. She was Vice-               Sir Dai Rees (DSc)
      with a degree in Psychology. She       (1982), Guide to the Galaxy (1994)            President of the American Society        Sir Dai Rees was Secretary to the
      spent two years at Capital Radio       and Black Holes (1996). She has               of International Law from 1972-74.       Medical Research Council from
      presenting and producing               received numerous awards                      Prior to her appointment to the          1987 to 1996. He was educated
      consumer and current affairs           including the New York National               World Court, she served first as         at Hawarden Grammar School,
      programmes and music shows             Academy of Sciences Award 1979,               Professor of International Law at        Clwyd, and the University College
      before she joined BBC Radio. She       National Science Teachers’                    the University of Kent, and from         of North Wales, Bangor, where he
      presented You and Yours for Radio      Association Award 1979 (for                   1981 as Professor of International       obtained a BSc in 1956 and PhD in
      4 and many other individual            Outstanding Science Books for                 Law at the London School of              1959. He became DSIR Research
      programmes and documentaries           Children), Gold Medal, New York               Economics. Between 1985 and              Fellow at the University College,
      for both Radio 4 and Radio 1. In       TV Awards 1994 (for ET - Please               1995 she was a member of the             Bangor, in 1959. He was
      the late 1970s she moved to            call Earth) and 1996 (Electric                United Nations Committee on              appointed to a Research
      television as a reporter and           Skies).                                       Human Rights. She has written            Fellowship at the University of
      presenter on BBC’s Nationwide          Miss Carol Galley (LLD)                     widely in international law,               Edinburgh in 1960, becoming an
      and has since presented many                                                       including a four volume seminal
                                             After graduating from the                                                              Assistant Lecturer in Chemistry in
      series for BBC Television including                                                work on United Nations
                                             University of Leicester in 1971                                                        1961 and a Lecturer in 1962.
      Out of Court, Daytime Live,                                                        Peacekeeping.
                                             with a degree in German, Carol                                                         From 1970 to 1982 he worked at
      Children in Need, and
                                             Galley joined merchant bankers SG           Dr Jeff Hoffman                                                    the Unilever
      Crimewatch. She has retained her
                                             Warburg, initially as a librarian. She      (DSc)                                                              Research
      links with BBC Radio and
                                             joined Mercury Asset                        Dr Jeff Hoffman was                                                Laboratory,
      occasionally hosts
                                             Management, a division of                   born in Brooklyn,                                                 initially as
      The Jimmy Young Programme and          Warburg’s which was later                                                                                     Section
                                                                                         New York, USA,
      Radio 4’s Afternoon Shift and also a   separately floated. She specialises                                                                          Manager and
                                                                                         and was educated
      series on assertiveness for Radio 5    in the management of pension fund                                                                            then as
                                                                                         at Scarsdale High
      Getting Through. She is President      portfolios, is Vice-Chairman of                                                                             Principal
                                                                                         School, New York.
      of the London Union of Youth           Mercury Asset Management Group                                                                              Scientist. He
                                                                                         He graduated
      Clubs, Patron of Parents at Work       plc, and Chairman of its UK                                                                                 was Chairman
                                                                                         from Amherst
      and an Ambassador for the              Institutional Division, which is                                                                            of the Science
                                                                                         College in 1966
      Prince’s Trust.                        responsible for the management of                                                                          Policy Group
                                                                                         with a Bachelor
      Dr Heather Couper (DSc)                over £50 billion of UK pension              of Arts Degree in                                              for Unilever
      Heather Couper was educated at         funds, including those of more than         Astronomy. He                                                 Research
      St Mary’s Grammar School, Pinner,      40 of the UK’s largest quoted               obtained a                                                    between 1979
      and graduated from the University      companies or their subsidiaries.            Master’s Degree Dr Jeff Hoffman                              and 1982. He

        18
APRIL Bulletin 97       21/4/97 10:42 am            Page 19




                                                                                                           FEATURES
       was Director of the National               Higher Education, a body of heads         Board between 1990 and 1993,                  Northamptonshire Small Industries
       Institute for Medical Research from        of large companies and universities       and is Chairman                               Committee 1981/84 and was a
       1982 to 1987. He has published             which aims to agree and promote           of Kettering                                                Trustee of the
       widely on carbohydrate chemistry           their common long-term interests.         Hospital NHS                                                Royal Botanic
       and biochemistry and cell biology.         He was educated at Oxford and             Trust. He was                                               Gardens, Kew
                                                  has been an officer in the Royal          educated at                                                1983/91.
       The following will receive                 Marines and a columnist on the            Eton and                                                     Mrs Anita
       honorary degrees from the                  Financial Times. He was joint-            BRNC                                                        Tasker, OBE
       University of Leicester at                 founder of Fullemploy and South           Dartmouth.                                                  (LLM)
       ceremonies in Northampton on               East Training, charitable companies       He joined the
                                                                                                                                                          Mrs Anita Tasker
       7 and 8 July:                              set up to encourage business to           Royal Navy
                                                                                                                                                          was appointed as a
       Rt Hon Sir Stephen Brown                   take responsibility for training in       and became
                                                                                                                                                         Magistrate in 1963
       (Doctor of Laws); Mr Patrick               inner city areas. He is an                Commander
                                                                                                                                                         and is one of the
       Coldstream (Doctor of Laws); Sir           occasional broadcaster and                in 1969,
                                                                                                                                                        longest serving
       Richard George (Doctor of Laws);           journalist and has lectured on the        retiring in
                                                                                                                                                        Magistrates in
       Comdr Michael Saunders Watson              relations of higher education and         1971 on
                                                                                                                                                       Northamptonshire.
       (Doctor of Letters); Mrs Anita             industry in Britain, continental          succession
                                                                                                                                                       She was a member of
       Tasker (Master of Laws).                   Europe, the USA and Australia.            to             Cdr Michael Sa
                                                                                                                          unders Watson               the Lord Chancellor’s
                                                  Sir Richard George (LLD)                  Rockingham
       The Right Honourable Sir                                                                                                                       Advisory Committee
                                                                                            Castle Estate.
       Stephen Brown (LLD)                           Sir Richard George is the                                                                      on the selection of
                                                                                            He was President of the Historic
       Sir Stephen Brown is President of             Chairman and Managing Director                                                       Magistrates between 1984 and
                                                                                            Houses Association 1982-88,
       the Family Division of the High               of Weetabix Ltd based in Kettering                                                   1990 and was Chairman of the
                                                                                            Chairman of: Northampton
       Court of Justice. He was educated             and is Chairman of Whitworths                                                        Northamptonshire Bench between
                                                                                            Association of Youth Clubs
       at Malvern College and Queens’                Holdings Ltd. He was educated at                                                     1984 and 1989. She was
                                                                                            1977/91; National Curriculum
       College, Cambridge. He was called             Repton School and Kansas State                                                       Chairman of the
                                                                                            History Working Group 1988/90;
       to the Bar in                                 University. He joined Weetabix                                                       Northamptonshire Police
                                                                                            Heritage Education Trust 1988-;
       1949, became                                                      Ltd in 1968 and                                                  Consultative Committee and was
                                                                                            Friends of the British Library 1994;
       one of Her                                                        was Deputy                                                       appointed Deputy Lieutenant in
                                                                                            Northampton Board of Country
       Majesty’s                                                         Managing                                                         1989.
                                                                                            Landowners’ Association 1981/84,
       Counsel in 1966.                                                  Director
                                                                                            Vice-Chairman of
       He became a                                                       between 1976
       Bencher of Inner                                                  and 1982. He is
       Temple in 1974.                                                   a Member of:           LEICESTER DEGREE CONGREGATIONS
       After serving as                                                  the Board of the
                                                                                                Wednesday 9 July at 3 pm
       Recorder of                                                       Environment
                                                                                                Dame Rosalyn Higgins (Doctor of Laws)
       West Bromwich                                                     Agency; the
                                                                                                Miss Carol Galley (Doctor of Laws)
       and Deputy                                                        Executive
       Chairman of                                                       Committee of           Thursday 10 July at 11 am
       Staffordshire                                                     the Association        Dr Jeff Hoffman (Doctor of Science)
       Quarter                                                           of Cereal Food         Sir Dai Rees (Doctor of Science)
       Sessions, he was                                                  Manufacturers
                                                                                                Thursday 10 July at 3 pm
       appointed a                                                       and was
                              Rt Hon Sir Stephen Brown                                          Ms Sue Cook (Doctor of Letters)
       High Court judge in                                               Chairman from
       1975 and served in the Family                                   1983 to 1985; the        Friday 11 July at 11 am
       Division and Queen’s Bench                    Council, Food and Drink                    Mr Jack Birkenshaw (Master of Arts)
       Division. He was presiding judge              Federation and was President
                                                                                                Friday 11 July at 3 pm
       on the Midland and Oxford Circuit             between 1993 and 1995; he is
                                                                                                Professor Raymond Baker (Doctor of Science)
       from 1977 to 1981. In 1983 he was             Chairman of the Advisory Board of
                                                                                                Dr Heather Couper (Doctor of Science)
       appointed a Lord Justice of Appeal            the Institute of Food Research. He
       and in 1988 became President of               is also a Member of the                    NORTHAMPTON DEGREE CONGREGATIONS
       the Family Division. In this capacity         Management Board of the Prince’s
                                                                                                Monday 7 July at 11 am
       he has presided over a number of              Trust and is Vice-Chairman of the
                                                                                                Sir Richard George (Doctor of Laws)
       high profile cases, including                 Northamptonshire Prince’s Youth
       Airedale NHS Trust v. Bland                   Business Trust.                            Monday 7 July at 2.30 pm
       concerning the withdrawal of               Commander Michael Saunders                    The Rt Hon Sir Stephen Brown (Doctor of Laws)
       treatment of a victim of the               Watson, CBE (DLitt)                           Monday 7 July at 6 pm
       Hillsborough disaster.                     Comdr Michael Saunders Watson                 Mrs Anita Tasker (Master of Laws)
       Mr Patrick Coldstream, CBE                 is the owner of Rockingham
                                                                                                Tuesday 8 July at 11 am
       (LLD)                                      Castle, on the border of
                                                                                                Mr Patrick Coldstream (Doctor of Laws)
       Mr Patrick Coldstream was, from            Leicestershire and
       1986 until June 1996, the Director         Northamptonshire. He was                      Tuesday 8 July at 2.30 pm
       of the Council for Industry and            Chairman of the British Library               Commander LLM Saunders Watson CBE (Doctor of Letters)

                                                                                                                                                                       19
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                      ARTSTOP                                                                            ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENTS
                                                                                                               IN THE REGION


                     Artstop by John Fothergill, Engineering                               Symphony No 2 by Sibelius.               his family quarrels replayed in his
                                                                                           Brahms makes extraordinary               head, we see the ways in which
      So what’s to do before the               Singers join the Leicester Male             technical demands on the soloist         the mistakes of one generation
      examination season is heralded in        Voice Choir for a wide-                      who seems to have to compete            reverberate on the next.
      by the sight of students                                                               with the orchestra at times. It is        Hot Stuff continues at the
      revising on Victoria                                                                   also the last great concerto           Haymarket until 19 April. After
      Park …                                                                                 (written 1877/8) which leaves a        this (1-24 May) verbal fireworks
      The Phoenix is full of                                                                  cadenza in the first movement         fly in Oscar Wilde’s witty and
      films - far to many too                                                                 for the soloist to extemporise.       audacious comedy, A Woman of
      mention (‘phone 255                                                                      Hum along to the theme of the        No Importance: “One should
      4854 for a brochure).                                                                    first movement of the Sibelius       never trust a woman who tells
      The variety is almost                                                                    (but not too loudly), grieve to      one her age. A woman who
      absurd. For example,                                                                      the tragic second, twist and        would tell one that, could tell one
      on Saturday 26 April,                                                                     shake with the scherzo (if you      anything.” Dance Like a Man is
      contrast the classic 3D                                                                    can keep up) and leave with        in the Studio (17 April - 3 May), a
      monster matinee movie:                                                                     grace after the majestic finale.   comic and poignant play moved
      The Creature from                                                                           If that’s not your scene, then    from India to modern day
      the Black Lagoon                                                                            Hank Marvin’s there the           Leicester which explores the
      (1954) with McKellen’s                                                                       following Tuesday.               status and rôle of male dancers in
      creative star-studded                                                                            At the Theatre Royal,        Indian society.
      adaptation of Richard III                                                                     Nottingham (21-26 April) is        … or you could join those
      showing in the evening.                                                                       a production with rave          revising in Victoria Park!
      Other highlights include                                                                       reviews of Arthur Miller’s
      Nils Lofgren, lead guitarist                                                                   Pulitzer Prize-winning play:
      of Springsteen’s E Street                                                                       Death of a Salesman.
      Band, playing in an                                                                             Willy Loman, played by
      unplugged concert on 13                                                                         Alun Armstrong, gradually
      April and the De Montfort                                                                        loses his grasp on reality
                                                                                  University
                                                                   N: De Montfort
      University Dance Company                  HING IMAGINATIO                                         and, through the drama of
                                         STRETC
      ‘97 on the 15 and 16 May.                       y at the Phoenix
                                         Dance Compan
         The lunchtime free
      concert programme resumes                                 ranging programme
      on St George’s Day with                   which also includes Britten’s
      performances both on campus               Hymn to St Cecilia and popular
      and at the Richard Attenborough           arrangements of spirituals and folk
      Centre. This comfortable, bright          melodies.
      and very pleasant venue is only a            Of course if you did see Acis
      seven minute stroll from the              and Galatea, then you might
      furthest extremities of the               have missed the Bardi playing
      University campus. I look forward         Mahler’s 4th Symphony. If you
      to more concerts there. The               believe Mahler - “there are no
      evening concerts are all “splendid        great orchestras, only great
      examples of what Leicester and            conductors” - then you’ll be
      Leicestershire’s soloists and             pleased to know that Sir Simon
      choirs, together with the                 Rattle and the great CBSO play it
      University Wind Band can                  again at Derngate, Northampton
      achieve” according to the new             on 2 May. Of the Viennese
      Music brochure - phone 252 2781           symphonic tradition started by
      for your copy or look at                  Haydn, I suppose Mahler reaches
      http://www.le.ac.uk/music/ if             the climax with his masterful
      you’re wired up and enjoy surfing.        orchestration and symphonies of
      Also check it out if you’d like to        gigantic proportions. The fourth,
      join rehearsals for the end-of-           perhaps the most popular, is
      term concert. If you missed the           relatively cheerful and compact. It
      highly-acclaimed performance by           finishes in the wrong key with a
      the University Singers of Handel’s        setting of a poem Heavenly Life in
      Acis and Galatea at the Phoenix           which Paradise is imagined as a
      (February/March), then come and           place full of good things to eat -
      hear the happy lovers (that’s Acis        sounds good to me.
      and Galatea, not the Singers!)               At De Montfort Hall on the 24
      have their fun spoilt by the raging       April, the Leicester Symphony
      monster Polypheme in the                  Orchestra concert includes the
      concert version on 30 April. The          Brahms Violin Concerto and

        20
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        We are looking for contributors to this section. If you wish to
          review the cuttings, please contact Barbara Whiteman
                                on ext 2676.
                                                                                               CUTTINGS
                                    WHAT THE PAPERS SAY
                                                        The problem for retailers is simple. “If           get out our old favourites and reminisce,
        Hundreds of cuttings pour into the              shoppers perceive any threat of physical assault   because it gives us a link to our own individual
        Press Office at Leicester University            they will go elsewhere”, explained Beck.           past”.
        from around the world chronicling                 Essentials magazine featured a story about           Professor Liddington and his team in the
        the activities of staff and students.           how people associate a moment in their lives       Biochemistry Department also made local news
        CHRIS SMITH (on work experience                 with a piece of music. Dr Adrian North of the      with their research project into the anthrax
        with the Press Office) reviews a                Psychology Department said that “It does us        bacteria ( or KILLER BUG as the Leicester
        selection of cuttings from recent               good to                                            Mercury would have it ). Their work may help
        weeks.                                                                                             people with genetic diseases such as cystic
                                                                                                           fibrosis through a technique called X-ray
                                                                                                           crystallography.
      Do you remember the good                                                                                 The cuttings yielded one gem that, in the
      old days? Think back - not too                                                                        style of the popular TV satire programme
      long ago - to better times                                                                             Have I Got News For You, allows me to
      when you were free - free to                                                                           introduce the feature of ‘Guest Publication’.
      pick up a news paper without                                                                            This month’s venerable tome is the Furniture
      reference to the ‘E’ word.                                                                              and Cabinetmaking magazine, which profiles
      Once upon a time (I’m not                                                                               the work of Dutch craftsman Peter van der
      telling fibs), the papers were full                                                                      Waals.
      of interesting news and not just                                                                             Waals worked in the Cotswolds at the
      politicians spouting hot air.                                                                            turn of the century and is featured as part of
         As we all know, the University                                                                         a series of articles on ‘The Cotswold Men’.
      likes to set trends rather than                                                                           The University is mentioned as it gave
      follow them. Foreseeing the                                                                               Waals a commission. Readers are informed
      decline, last month it ‘went to the                                                                        that ‘With such patrons Waals managed to
      dogs’ with a series of stories                                                                             struggle through the dark and difficult days
      containing faeces. News that                                                                                of the depression of the 1930s’.
      University researchers have                                                                                     Dark and difficult days of the depression
      chosen the Yorkshire town of                                                                                aptly describes the times in which we now
      Pocklington to attempt to link dogs                                                                          live. It will pass, surely as 1 May is
      to their dirt by DNA sent reporters                                                                           followed by 2 May. Normal service will
      ‘barking mad.’ The story ran in the                                                                           resume shortly.
      Hull Daily Mail, the Yorkshire Evening
      Post and the Evening Press.
         The sub-editors were allowed ‘off
      the leash’ to come up with some
      highly amusing headlines. One of the
      ‘howlers’ included ‘Pet Detectives to
      Find Out Whodungit!’ The Yorkshire
      Evening Press included a cartoon of
      Sherlock Holmes inspecting fresh
      ‘evidence’ and crying ‘ALIMENTARY, my dear
      Watson!’
         The big story of the month came from the
      publication of survey results by Dr Karl
      Nicholson, which showed that minor colds can
      be more serious for the elderly. The cause are
      ‘rhinoviruses’ which are particularly prevalent
      in winter. Coverage included the Daily Mail and
      several international journals.
         If you picked up Cosmopolitan magazine, you
      would have seen a feature about the increase in
      attacks on women whilst they are shopping.
      Adrian Beck and Andrew Willis, lecturers in
      Criminology and Security Management, were
      interviewed about the research they had done
      on behalf of the British Retail Consortium.
         Increasingly shopping is becoming a leisure
      activity and thieves are targeting well-heeled
      shoppers who buy expensive designer goods.

                                                                                                                                                         21
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                          PEOPLE
      STAFF DISTINCTIONS                                                             course and to establish it by advertising and marketing, and he took
      Staff distinctions are published in the Bulletin after they have been before   upon himself the administrative burden. This course ran for several
      Senate and Council.                                                            years with a stream of successful candidates, some of whom went on
      Professor E A Davis (Physics and Astronomy) has been appointed                 to read for doctorates. The postgraduate lectures also drew audiences
      Chairman of the ISIS Muon Instrument Group by the Council for the              from outside the Department of Mathematics.
      Central Laboratory of the Research Councils.                                      One of Roy’s great passions was rugby football. As a student, he
      Dr C J Dewey (Economic and Social History) has been invited to hold the        played for the College team as a wing-forward and he maintained his
      James Pinckney Harrison Chair in History at William and Mary College in        interest in the rugby club throughout the years, being an enthusiastic
      1997-98.                                                                       and vocal supporter of the team, especially in UAU matches. Of
      Dr A C Kerr (Geology) has been awarded the Geological Society’s                course, he also followed the Tigers and was a member and regular
      President’s Award for 1997.                                                    supporter at Welford Road.
      Mr K Hearnden (Scarman Centre for the Study of Public Order) has been             Roy’s commitment to the University included service for many years
      elected as Secretary of the Joint Security Industry Council.                   on the Board of the Faculty of Science and as a member of
                                                                                     Convocation. He was Chairman of Convocation from 1968 to 1971
      OBITUARIES                                                                     and, as such, is remembered for his gentle and courteous manner
                                                                                     towards other members of the Committee; qualities he combined with
      The University has learnt with regret the deaths of the following              an industrious promotion of Convocation’s interests and membership.
      people:                                                                        Here also, he displayed his splendid memory for his contemporaries
                                                                                     and other former students of the University College and the University.
      ROY BUCKLEY                                                                    Through him, many kept up their contact with the University, and then,
      Senior Lecturer, Department of Mathematics, died 12 November 1996              as now, Convocation embraced many generations of graduates.
      Roy Buckley was educated at Alderman Newton’s School and was a                    Roy Buckley will be remembered with affection by a great many
      student at the Leicester University College from 1937 to 1940, when            colleagues and graduates. He is survived by his wife Jean, son Ian and
      he was awarded First Class Honours BSc in Mathematics from the                 daughter Hilary.
      University of London. He taught for a short time and then served in                                                                   Dr John F Watters
      the Army before returning to Leicester in 1946, whereupon he became
      the fourth member to be appointed to the Department of Mathematics                                   DR CHRIS CHALLIS (1946 - 1997)
      at the University College. He was preceded by E C Rhodes, E V                                        Chris Challis came to Leicester in 1970, and took a
      Whitfield and K A Hirsch. In 1957, he was awarded an MSc by the                                      Combined Arts degree in 1973. In 1974 he was
      University of London, and in 1974 he was promoted to a Senior                                        awarded an MA with distinction. His interests as a
      Lectureship. He retired from this post in 1983. Roy’s service                                        student anticipated his later development; he was
      extended outside the University. For many years, he was a Governor                                   one of the first to read American Studies as a
      of the Collegiate School through to its merger with Wyggeston Girls’                                 three-year subject, and his MA involved work on
      School.                                                                                              Albec, Nabokov, Pound, e.e.cummings, Donleavy
         For those of us who were privileged to work alongside Roy, our                                    and others.
      memories are of a colleague whose peaceful disposition, coupled with              Although Essex-born, Chris developed an affinity with Leicester. As
      his kindness and willingness to help, brought pleasure to the                  a creative writer, teacher and friend, he was to become well and
      Department. Indeed, these attributes were also appreciated by                  widely known throughout the city and county. His poetry became -
      colleagues in other departments with whom Roy worked, notably                  and will remain - well known in the region and beyond, and his writing
      Physics and Engineering. His knowledge of advanced electromagnetic             for the Phoenix and the Theatre Trust is well remembered.
      theory enabled him to become an effective supervisor for PhD students             His talented writing was very much his own work. The way in which
      and allowed him to develop his own interests in the propagation of             he shared his talents not only through publication but through teaching
      electric waves through the ionosphere and ionised media generally,             reflected his generous spirit. In the early years, he taught in local
      interests which he pursued partly in collaboration with the Ionospheric        prisons, and showed an unusual gift in communicating with young
      Group in the Department of Physics and Astronomy. After his                    offenders. Chris also taught for the University’s Department of Adult
      retirement from the Mathematics Department, he continued to work               Education and for the WEA. Many local writers owe their
      as an honorary research fellow with this group bringing his expertise,         achievements to his encouragement and advice.
      encouragement, and mathematical rigour to its activities.                         The streets of Leicester will seem that much emptier without the
         Roy’s concern for the well-being of students in the Department was          sight of his large and, at times, flamboyant progress. He offered a great
      manifest. He took a particular interest in Leicester students, so much         deal and much was taken. Many will remember him as a poet, some as
      so that he could recall names, courses, class of degree, and sporting          a teacher. We shall all remember him as a friend.
      prowess without hesitation. Needless to say, he was very popular as a                                                         Emeritus Professor W Forster
      personal tutor, spending many hours in attempts to relieve the
      individual difficulties of his students, and in encouraging them to greater
      efforts and to higher ambitions. As a teacher, Roy was very painstaking
                                                                                          The University of Leicester Bulletin includes advertising to
      in his lectures on electromagnetic theory, dynamics, and vector
      calculus, and in his supervisions in general applied mathematics. His                  offset production costs. It should be noted that the
      careful and sympathetic encouragement was of great service to the                  University of Leicester does not necessarily adopt or endorse
      students, not least those who found the work difficult.                                the products and services advertised in the Bulletin.
         A major contribution which Roy made to the Department was his                    The Bulletin cannot accept responsibility for any errors in
      help in 1965 in setting up the very successful taught MSc course in                                       advertisements.
      Applied Mathematics, which ran until the mid seventies. He gave the                 The Editor reserves the right to refuse any advertisement
      initial impetus to its foundation, he helped to devise the details of the

        22
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                                                                                                             RESEARCH
                                                                                              Many other drugs are now being
      GRANTS FROM EXTERNAL SOURCES                                                            delivered via the aerosolised route to
                                                                                                                                            ENGINEERING
                                                                                                                                            Prof. A R S Ponter
      ARCHAEOLOGY                                  will elicit colorimetric changes. Target   treat other conditions such as cystic
                                                                                                                                            Failure of mechanical components
      Dr D J Mattingly                             biomedical amines include                  fibrosis.
                                                                                                                                            under variable loading at high
                                                   pharmacologically active used and          In the Child Health Department we have        temperature.
      The Fezzan Project
                                                   abused drugs and various natural           established an independent medical
      £11,400 Society for Libyan Studies                                                                                                    The grant has been awarded under the
                                                   bioactive amines.                          aerosolised drug laboratory. We are
                                                                                                                                            British-German Academic Research
                                                   £141,824 BBSRC                             able to characterise any drug aerosol in
                                                                                                                                            Collaboration (ARC) Programme jointly
      BIOCHEMISTRY (MEDICAL)                                                                  terms of the amount of drug contained in
                                                   Dr A E Willis                                                                            funded by the British Council and the
      Prof. D R Critchley                                                                     the aerosol that is likely to be delivered
                                                                                                                                            German Academic Exchange Service
      Disruption of the gene for the               The regulation of C-MYC by                 to the lower respiratory tract of children
                                                                                                                                            (DADD).
      cytoskeletal protein Talin.                  translational control mechanisms -         or adults. In addition to this we have
                                                   travel grant                               modelling techniques which allow us to        The overall purpose of the ARC
      £192,882 Wellcome Trust                                                                 estimate the effect of the patient’s          programme is to foster co-operation
                                                   £900 Cancer Research Campaign
                                                                                              breathing on lung deposition. We are          between British and German research
      Dr S A Prigent
                                                                                              currently evaluating lung deposition in       groups with common interests. The
      Identification and characterisation of       BOTANY                                                                                   mechanics of Materials group at
                                                                                              children and adults by the use of
      novel effectors for vascular                 Prof. J Draper                                                                           Leicester have interests in theoretical
                                                                                              pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic
      endothelial cell growth factor                                                                                                        methods of analysing the performance of
                                                   Integration of defence responses to        methods involving measurement of drug
      receptors using the yeast two-hybrid                                                                                                  engineering structures which are
                                                   pathogen attack by salicylic acid          levels in plasma and urine following
      system.                                                                                                                               subjected to complex histories of load,
                                                   signalling: Potentiation of gene           inhalation. The support from Glaxo
      Vascular endothelial growth factor           expression.                                Wellcome will allow us to develop this        temperature and environment. These
      (VEGF) is a protein which can promote                                                   aspect further, particularly in relation to   methods form the basis for computer
                                                   £168,328 BBSRC
      the sprouting of new blood vessels from                                                 anti-asthma medications. The research         systems which help the designer arrive
      existing ones by binding to specific         Dr M R Grant                               award is an open one which will allow us      quickly and efficiently at a safe design.
      receptors in endothelial cells lining the                                               to investigate any drug or drug delivery      The research group at the Technical
                                                   The difference between disease or
      vessels. This sprouting of new vessels,                                                 device on the market.                         University of Aachen have similar
                                                   resistance: a study of plant disease
      termed angiogenesis, is uncommon in                                                                                                   interests. The grant will allow a series of
                                                   signal cassette components                 Such research is required as most
      the adult except in diseases such as                                                                                                  exchange visits over a two year period.
                                                   interacting directly with the RPM1         prescribing physicians are unaware that
      cancer, where the formation of new                                                                                                    £1,500 British Council
                                                   adapter protein                            the amount of drug their patients receive
      blood vessels is essential to permit the
                                                   £145,852 BBSRC                             may vary by two to four fold depending        Dr E M Warrington
      growth and metastasis of tumours. This
                                                                                              on the drug delivery device prescribed.
      project aims to understand the                                                                                                        DF as a beneficial addition to
      mechanism by which VEGF promotes             CELL PHYSIOLOGY AND                        £96,422 Glaxo Wellcome Plc                    damson data analysis - studentship
      blood vessel growth, by identifying the      PHARMACOLOGY                               Prof. M Silverman                             (C Jackson)
      proteins inside the endothelial cells        Prof. P R Stanfield
                                                                                              Randomised controlled trial of self-          £29,100 DRA
      which specifically interact with VEGF
                                                   Voltage-gated currents in neurones         management of childhood asthma
      receptors following VEGF binding.
                                                   of the ventral cochlear nucleus                                                          EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PUBLIC
      These intracellular protein/protein                                                     £7,654 Glaxo R & D Ltd
      interactions trigger the events leading to   £53,130 Wellcome Trust                                                                   HEALTH
      cell division and migration which are                                                   EDUCATION                                     Prof. M Clarke
      required for blood vessel growth. By         CHEMISTRY                                  Prof. A W Bush                                Research Training: Top up funds for
      this approach it may be possible to          Dr R S Atkinson                                                                          senior lecturer in medical statistics
      identify targets for the design of                                                      ESRC Seminar Series: Redefining
                                                   Synthesis of useful chirons (including     educational management.                       £42,058 Cancer Research Campaign
      inhibitors for use in cancer therapy or
                                                   a-Amino acids and b-Lactams) ring
      prevention, or for treatment of other                                                   The aim of this seminar group is to           Prof. M Clarke
                                                   opening enantiopure aziridines
      disease states such as diabetic                                                         redefine the discipline of educational
                                                   £49,221 EPSRC                                                                            Research training at the Leicester
      retinopathy or rheumatoid arthritis,                                                    management in the light of the major
                                                                                                                                            unit of the Trent Institute for Health
      where angiogenesis is a problem.                                                        changes in practice during the 1990s.
                                                   Prof. J H Holloway                                                                       Services Research
      £140,436 Wellcome Trust                                                                 The specific objectives are as follows:
                                                   Low-valent transition metal fluorides                                                    £556,666 NHS Executive Trent
                                                                                              1. To assess the impact of the 1988
                                                   - direct facilities
      BIOCHEMISTRY                                                                            Educational Reform Act on the                 Prof. M Clarke
                                                   £111,254 EPSRC                             management role of headteachers and
      Dr N S Scrutton                                                                                                                       UKCCSG Administrative Office
                                                   Dr E G Hope                                senior staff in schools and colleges.
      New diagnostic enzymes via the                                                                                                        Cancer in childhood is rare but over
                                                   Catalysis in the fluorous biphase          2. To consider the implications of recent     60% of affected children can now be
      strategic manipulation of electron
                                                                                              Teacher Training Agency initiatives on        cured and the results for treatment for
      tunnelling pathways.                         £86,357 EPSRC
                                                                                              the training of headteachers.                 some individual cancer diagnoses are
      As part of a programme to develop new
                                                   Dr R D W Kemmitt                           3. To clarify and redefine educational        very much better than this. The
      diagnostic enzymes for the detection of
                                                   European science exchange                  management theory and assess its              progress made in the last 20 years has
      various biomedical amines, the grant has
                                                   programme                                  applicability to self managing schools and    been remarkable and much of it relates
      been awarded to engineer electron
                                                                                              colleges.                                     to the systematic evaluation of new
      tunnelling pathways in the enzyme            £1,500 Royal Society
                                                                                              4. To review recent research in               treatment strategies between different
      trimethylamine dehydrogenase to enable
                                                                                              educational management and consider           children’s cancer centres. The children
      its use in simple ‘dipstick’ colorimetric    CHILD HEALTH
                                                                                              priorities for future programmes of           with cancer in the United Kingdom are
      assays. The work will involve the
                                                   Dr C S Beardsmore                          research.                                     treated by its members. The
      identification of major electron transfer
                                                   Is Salbutamol effective in wheezy                                                        administrative infra-structure and data
      pathways in the enzyme and the display                                                  The series involves four two day
                                                   infants?                                                                                 management and statistical support for
      of new redox centres within these                                                       seminars during 1997 and 1998. The
                                                                                                                                            the collaborative clinical trials organised
      pathways to enable transfer of electrons     £14,100 NHS Executive Trent                first seminar will be held at the Stage
                                                                                                                                            by the group is provided by the Data
      to molecular oxygen. Using falvin-                                                      Hotel in Leicester on 5/6 June. These
                                                   Dr C O’Callaghan                                                                         Centre in Leicester. An increasing
      dependent chemistry, hydrogen                                                           seminars will be attended by most of the
                                                   The delivery of drug aerosols to the                                                     amount of the group’s work now
      peroxide will be the product of                                                         leading UK academics in this field and
                                                   lung                                                                                     involves international trials and
      reduction of oxygen. Hydrogen                                                           will also include contributions from
                                                                                                                                            collaboration in others. This group is
      peroxide will then serve as a substrate      Delivery of drugs by aerosol is the        senior international figures.
                                                                                                                                            also involved in establishing standards
      for a second enzyme, peroxidase, that        mainstay of the treatment of asthma.       £15,380 ESRC

                                                                                                                                                                                 23
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                     RESEARCH
      for clinical practice and professional        £129,032 Columbia University                  Prevention of the development of             The differential expression of tenascin in
      training, and in providing advice to                                                        genetic hypertension: Investigation          tumours has already been exploited in
      government and health authorities about       Prof. B F Windley                             of renal mechanisms.                         the design of novel treatment strategies
      resources for the care of children with       Cenozoic tectonics in the GOBI                £64,305 National Kidney Research Fund        for human gliomas. Determination of
      cancer. Financial support for the             Altai-eastern Tienshan, central Asia:                                                      tumour-specific variants in the breast
      activities of the group comes from the        Rates magnitudes and styles of                                                             may make such therapeutic strategies a
                                                    deformation                                   MICROBIOLOGY AND
      Cancer Research Campaign and also                                                                                                        real possibility in the future management
      from other sources including individual                                                     IMMUNOLOGY                                   of breast cancer.
                                                    £6,000 Royal Society
      donations.                                                                                  Prof. P W Andrew
                                                                                                                                               £45,973 NHS Executive Trent
      £241,360 Cancer Research Campaign             MEDICINE AND                                  The role of host factors &
                                                                                                                                               Prof. J Lunec
                                                                                                  pneumolysin in the pathogenesis of
      Prof. M Clarke                                THERAPEUTICS                                                                               Oxidised LDL measurement in a
                                                                                                  bronchopneumonia
                                                    Prof. D P De Bono                                                                          Scottish Cohort following
      UKCCSG Equipment grant                                                                      £189,061 Wellcome Trust
                                                    Discretionary Chair Fund                                                                   antioxidant administration with
      £4,930 Cancer Research Campaign                                                                                                          vitamins C and E.
                                                    £2,689 British Heart Foundation               Dr W Schwaeble
      Dr C W McGrother                                                                            Structure and function of masp 2 the         £157,721 Department Of Health -
                                                    Dr J Feehally                                 third component of the novel                 Scottish Office
      LD Re-Development Plan
                                                    The molecular basis of abnormal o-            antibody independent lectin route.
      £32,000 Leicestershire Health
                                                    linked glycosylation of IgA1 in IgA           £138,115 Wellcome Trust                      PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY
      Dr C W McGrother                              Nephropathy and Henoch-Schönlein
                                                                                                                                               Dr C Binns
      Clinical database systems to support          Nephritis
                                                                                                  OBSTETRICS AND                               Embedded Assemblies of magnetic
      research: Prevention and treatment            IgA nephropathy is the commonest type
                                                                                                  GYNAECOLOGY                                  mesoscopic particles - direct
      of osteoporotic and other fractures           of nephritis and an important cause of
                                                                                                  Dr F Al-Azzawi                               facilities
      £42,650 NHS Executive Trent                   kidney failure in young adults. Henoch-
                                                    Schönlein purpura is common in children       The safety effectiveness and subject         £272,401 EPSRC
                                                    and causes rash, joint pains and nephritis;   based assessment of progestasert
      GENERAL PRACTICE                                                                                                                         Dr C Binns
                                                    it may also lead to kidney failure.           £184,000 ALZA Pharmaceuticals
      Ms N Robertson                                                                                                                           Strasbourg Collaboration
                                                    In both these conditions the nephritis
      Subject specific strategies for                                                                                                          £1,750 British Council
                                                    starts because IgA is deposited in the        OPHTHALMOLOGY
      improving management of                       kidneys. IgA antibodies are part of the                                                    Dr C Binns
                                                                                                  Dr J R Thompson
      depression in General Practice.               normal immune system. It is not known
                                                                                                  Grading photographs of the eye               A Fully characterised high resolution
      £9,690 NHS Executive Trent                    why a small proportion of the IgA should
                                                                                                                                               polarisation selectable synchrotron
                                                    stick to the kidneys and start the            £800         BHF Via Dunn Nutrition LB
                                                                                                                                               beam line for vuv science
      GENETICS                                      inflammation which eventually destroys
                                                                                                  Dr J R Thompson                              £243,152 EPSRC
                                                    them.
      Dr C A Pritchard                                                                            Non salary costs of Melton eye study
                                                    IgA is a protein which also has sugars                                                     Prof. S W H Cowley
      Investigation of the role of the A-Raf                                                      £24,575 Ulverscroft Foundation
                                                    attached to it. The sugars are specific                                                    Exploitation of In Situ Space Data
      protein kinase in growth oncogenic
                                                    and alter the behaviour of the IgA                                                         Following the launch failure of the
      transformation and tumour genesis                                                           PATHOLOGY
                                                    molecule. The sugars on IgA in these                                                       European Space Agency’s cluster space
      through studies of A-Raf deficient                                                          Dr P Furness
                                                    two conditions appear to have the same                                                     mission in June 1996, the grants that had
      cells.
                                                    abnormality. In this research we will         National external quality assurance          been allocated for science data
      £39,212 MRC                                   measure the exact biochemical structure       scheme in renal pathology                    exploitation of the mission were
                                                    of these sugars in order to understand        £5,575 Pathology Quality Assessment          terminated as of 31 October 1996.
      GEOLOGY                                       why they become abnormal, how this                                                         However, grant holders were invited to
                                                    might start up the kidney disease, and        Dr J L Jones
      Dr P K Harvey                                                                                                                            submit applications for follow-on grants
                                                    eventually how treatment to halt or           Analysis of changes in tenascin              whose purpose was to provide minor
      Wireline Logging in the Ocean
                                                    prevent these kidney diseases might be        isoform expression associated with           resources to allow the planning of
      Drilling Program
                                                    possible.                                     breast cancer invasion                       recovery options. The resources of this
      This grant is to fund Leicester’s
                                                    £63,958 National Kidney Research Fund         Tenascin is an extracellular matrix          grant allow the applicant to participate in
      continuing participation in the shipboard
                                                                                                  protein which is highly expressed in         planning meetings for Cluster recovery
      acquisition, shore-based processing,          Dr K M Khan
                                                                                                  situations associated with active cell       options, including new space missions
      analysis and interpretation of wireline log   Nitric oxide and regulation of the            migration such as embryogenesis. High        which, at least in part, will replace the
      data for the Ocean Drilling Program           renal Na/H exchanger                          levels of tenascin are observed in breast    contribution which Cluster was to have
      (ODP). This is the forth (penultimate)        isoforms...Junior Research                    carcinomas, but are also observed in the     made. ESA decides on the future of
      year of the current ODP, which runs           fellowships (Dr K M Khan)                     normal breast at certain stages of the       Cluster in February 1997, and the
      until the end of September, 1998.
                                                    Nitric Oxide may affect the balance of        menstrual cycle, thereby precluding its      outcome of that will strongly influence
      During the past three years logging
                                                    salt in the body by an effect on the          use as a marker of malignant change.         our future programme. In the event of
      scientists from Leicester have sailed on
                                                    kidney, and this may be of relevance to                                                    an early reflight of the Cluster flight-
      seven cruises, and carried out shore-
                                                    both hypertension and congestive                                                           spare spacecraft (Phoenix), substantial
      based research on a range of problems                                                       It is now recognised that tenascin exists
                                                    cardiac failure. This project examines                                                     efforts will be devoted towards planning
      including the sedimentary evolution of                                                      in at least 8 alternatively spliced
                                                    the mechanisms whereby nitric acid                                                         for that eventuality. Otherwise, our
      the Amazon Fan, the tectonics of                                                            isoforms, and studies have shown that
                                                    could affect salt transport by the Na/H                                                    main planning will surround participation
      transform plate margins, the volcanic                                                       these isoforms have discreet biological
                                                    exchangers in kidney cells. Such                                                           in the German Equator-S space mission,
      architecture of oceanic crust and the                                                       functions, and that there may be
                                                    mechanisms may be functioning                                                              due for launch in the last quarter of
      interpretation of electrical borehole                                                       tumour-specific variants.
                                                    abnormally in cardiovascular disease.                                                      1997.
      images. During 1997 two Leicester
                                                                                                  This study will analyse the pattern of       £1,050 PPARC
      scientists will sail as part of this work,    £77,130 British Heart Foundation
                                                                                                  tenascin isoform expression in he normal
      between them investigating world                                                                                                         Dr G W Fraser
                                                    Prof. R J Playford                            breast, and the key quantitative and
      climate change through study of the
                                                    Effect of diets which increase luminal        qualitative differences that occur in pre-   Quantification of in-orbit
      sedimentary sequence along the Blake-
                                                    growth factor concentrations on               malignant and malignant breast disease       hydrocarbon contamination on X-
      Bahama Outer Ridge and Carolina Slope
                                                    intestinal growth and repair.                 with the aim of determining which            ray ccds
      off the east coast of the USA, and the
                                                                                                  isoforms mark the transition from
      nature of the Ocean-Continent transition      £78,761 MRC                                                                                This is an award of beamtime on station
                                                                                                  normal tissue remodelling to tumour cell
      west of Iberia.                                                                                                                          1.1 of the Daresbury Synchrotron
                                                    Dr N J Samani                                 invasion.
                                                                                                                                               Radiation Source (SRS). The SRS will be

        24
APRIL Bulletin 97                      21/4/97 10:42 am                                          Page 25




                                                                                                                                                                                           RESEARCH
      run in “low-ring current” mode to                                                       from North America to Europe, which                                          context. The project will also undertake       species dominate the zooplankton
      permit the further calibration of silicon-                                              form the very basis of our regional                                          a comparative examination of crime             (typically species of Daphinia) then they
      based X-ray detectors for use in X-ray                                                  climate.                                                                     statistics on gun-related offences.            can efficiently graze the phytoplankton
      Astronomy. This is the latest in a series                                               At Leicester University, satellite data                                      The study should produce information of        biomass to low levels, and a transparent
      of detector calibration runs at Daresbury                                               along with state-of-the-art computer                                         interest to policy makers and                  lake results. This latter consequence
      which began in 1994.                                                                    simulations are being used to provide                                        practitioners which will increase              has led to the development of
      £1,020 CLRC                                                                             details of these ocean waves, in a way                                       knowledge and understanding of how             techniques for lake management called
                                                                                              which is impossible using surface based                                      guns are used in contemporary societies.       ‘biomanipulation’ which involve the
      Dr S J Gurman                                                                           observations alone. The aim is to                                            It is hoped that the findings will help to     deliberate alteration of fish communities
      International workshop on high                                                          understand how the waves are                                                 control the use of guns in criminal            to achieve large-bodied zooplankton
      temperature superconductivity ten                                                       generated and to predict how they affect                                     activity and limit the occurrence of           dominance.
      years after its discovery                                                               the atmosphere across the globe.                                             tragedies like Dunblane.                       The importance of this project
      £3,557 CEC                                                                              £115,186 NERC                                                                £52,270 Leverhulme Trust                       Test of hypotheses arising from the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          theory of trophic cascade, and practical
      Dr S P Lawrence
                                                                                              POLITICS                                                                     PSYCHOLOGY                                     applications of biomanipulation, have
      Large-scale wave activity in the                                                                                                                                     Dr N P Foreman                                 usually been confined to either
      tropical Pacific and Atlantic Oceans:                                                   Prof. J Benyon
                                                                                                                                                                           The use of Virtual Reality to improve          laboratory (or laboratory-scale field)
      an in depth study using                                                                 Gun Law: A comparative study of                                                                                             microcosms or single lakes compared
      observatories and model results                                                         the control of firearms in the                                               Spatial Awareness
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          over time. Occasionally one lake has
      Recent changes in weather patterns over                                                 European Union                                                               This grant extends an earlier award from       been successfully divided into two by
      Britain have given rise to much public                                                  The increasing use of firearms in criminal                                   Action Research/BT, for the study of           heavy plastic curtain. Rarely have two
      debate, particularly because of concern                                                 activity has led to campaigns for stricter                                   virtual reality (VR) computing and its         connected, but not physically divided,
      over climate change induced by human                                                    controls on the private ownership and                                        application to the development of              lakes been available for investigation. In
      activity. As well as changes of this type,                                              use of guns. The demands for tighter                                         awareness of buildings and other spaces        1995-6 however, two adjacent gravel pit
      variations in our weather could be a                                                    regulation rose to a crescendo following                                     in children whose mobility is impaired.        lakes near Lincoln, fed by the same
      natural tendency in the climate.                                                        the Dunblane tragedy in March 1996 and                                       The project has already demonstrated           nutrient rich source, were found to have
                                                                                              the government’s amendments to the                                           that children with disabilities successfully   markedly different plankton communities
      Natural climate variations can be                                                                                                                                    acquire information about specific places
      brought about by large-scale waves in                                                   Firearms Act are currently being debated                                                                                    and water clarity. Theories about
                                                                                              in the House of Lords.                                                       from VR environments, and that virtual         community structure developed from
      the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. These                                                                                                                               exploration has generally beneficial
      waves exist predominantly in the tropics,                                               The Scarman Centre has been awarded                                                                                         the Norfolk Broads and elsewhere
                                                                                                                                                                           effects in improving children’s spatial        suggest that shallow lakes may have two
      yet may modify the behaviour of the                                                     a grant by the Leverhulme Trust to                                           understanding, such that spatial features
      atmosphere across the globe. Regarding                                                  examine the control of guns in European                                                                                     stable states under similar (moderately
                                                                                                                                                                           of novel environments are acquired             enriched) nutrient conditions. These are:
      our own climate in northern Europe, the                                                 Union member states, looking at                                              more quickly if children have been given
      waves may give rise to adverse weather                                                  legislation, regulation and licensing                                        several successive virtual exploratory         1. A clear water state, with rooted plant
      patterns by influencing the storm tracks                                                procedures in a social and historical                                        experiences. The work has involved the         dominance of shallow water, maintained
                                                                                                                                                                           creation of a virtual representation of a      by the rooted plant zone providing
                                                                                                                                                                           part of Ash Field Special School in            refuge for zooplankton from
                                                                                                                                                                           Leicester. Children visiting the school        planktivores and habitat for a healthy
                                                                                                                                                                           for the first time have been shown to          age-structure of pike, which maintain
                                                                                                                                                                           understand its spatial layout from prior       predation pressure upon planktivores.
                                                                                                                                                                           virtual exploration alone. The new grant       2. A turbid water state which, in the


                                                        KPMG                                                                                                               will enable the construction of a virtual
                                                                                                                                                                           representation of a second school
                                                                                                                                                                           (Westbrooke Special School,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          absence of refuge, permits high
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          planktivory, small-bodied zooplankton
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          and high phytoplankton biomass.
                                                                                                                                                                           Derbyshire), allow further investigation       These two states have been recorded

                    TAX AND                                                                                                                                                of the types of cue that need to be
                                                                                                                                                                           incorporated in virtual environments to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          many times in a single lake deteriorating
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          under nutrient enrichment or restored
                                                                                                                                                                           optimise their usefulness, and explore
              PERSONAL FINANCIAL                                                                                                                                           the longevity following virtual training.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          by a combination of nutrient removal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          and biomanipulation. They have never
                                                                                                                                                                           £9,982 Action Research                         been found side by side in two lakes.
               ADVISORY SESSIONS                                                                                                                                                                                          However, the effects of the two states
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          are so marked in the Lincoln gravel pit
                                                                                                                                                                           ZOOLOGY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          complex (a nature reserve administered
                                                                                                                                                                           Dr D M Harper
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          by the Lincolnshire & South Humberside
                                                                                                                                                                           Lake Management research -                     Trust) that the names given to lakes are
                                                                                                                                                                           Studentship                                    “coot lake” (clear water, rich in plants
          FREE INITIAL ADVICE is available on                                                                                                                              Background                                     grazed extensively by coot) and “grebe
          personal tax, investment planning and any                                                                                                                        The ‘trophic cascade’ is a body of theory      lake” (turbid from phytoplankton but
          area of personal finance.                                                                                                                                        developed to explain the changes (which        containing high density of small cyprinid
                                                                                                                                                                           have been recorded in studies since            planktivorous fish).
                                                                                                                                                                           1964) in lake plankton structure and           The project will investigate the food web
                                                                                                                                                                           diversity when fish species composition        ecology of these lakes and produce
          For an appointment at KPMG                                                                                                                                       is accidentally or deliberately altered. In    recommendations that will enable
          telephone David Norman on 0116 256 6000                                                                                                                          outline it states that plankton community      eutrophic lakes elsewhere to be
                                                                                                                                                                           structure is determined by the degree of       biologically manipulated to achieve a
                                                                                                                                                                           predation by planktivorous fish (which         stable, clear-water state.
                                                                                                                                                                           feed almost exclusively by sight on all        £18,000 Environment Agency
          KPMG - Accounts and Business Advisers                                                                                                                            continents) upon zooplankton. High
          Peat House, 1 Waterloo Way, Leicester LE1 6LP                                                                                                                    planktivory results in zooplankton             Prof. R H Smith
                                                                                                                                                                           dominated by small bodied forms; low           Functional significance of
                                                                                                                                                                           planktivory results in large-bodied forms      aggregation pheromone in
           KPMG                                                                                                                                                            because these latter are more efficient
                                                                                                                                                                           filter-feeders and competitively exclude
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          prostephanus truncatus
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          £1,850 Natural Resources Intl
           KPMG is a trading name of KPMG Peat Marwick which is authorised by the Institute of Charted Accountants in England and Wales to carry on investment business.
                                                                                                                                                                           the small-bodied species. If large

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             25
APRIL Bulletin 97        21/4/97 10:42 am             Page 26




                         NOTICES                                                                                      SMALL ADS
      LEICESTER POETRY SOCIETY
      PRIZES FOR POETS                                                                                                   HOUSE FOR SALE
      Prizes of £100, £50 and £25 are on offer in Leicester Poetry Society’s second annual
      competition. Winners will be chosen by famous Midlands poet and broadcaster Roy
                                                                                                                  97 Evington Road, Leicester - £59,000 ono
      Fisher. Poems up to forty lines long in any form can be submitted for an entry fee of           Three storey 4 bedroomed Victorian terraced house. Very well
      £2 per poem. The closing date is 2 May 1997. Leaflets are available in bookshops and               maintained, restored and extended. Bathroom first floor,
      libraries, or by post (enclosing SAE) from the Competition Organiser, 15 Braunstone
                                                                                                      shower room ground floor each with WC and wash hand basin,
      Avenue, Leicester LE3 OJF.
                                                                                                       Entrance Hall, Lounge, Sitting/Dining Room, fitted kitchen and
      UNIVERSITY ESTATES & BUILDINGS OFFICE                                                                       washroom each with stone tiled floor.
      A planning application for alteration works and fire precaution works including disabled         Central heating ground floor, gas wall heaters in two bedrooms
      persons’ access,and a lift at 6-12 Leicester Parade, Barrack Road, Northampton has                fully serviced and maintained on 3 star contract with EMGAS.
      been submitted to Northampton Borough Council.
                                                                                                                 10 minutes from University via Victoria Park.
      A separate application has also been made for alteration works to car park and lift shaft
      construction at the same property.                                                                     Please ring 0116 255 8584 for appointment to view.
      A planning application for an extension to the Charles Wilson Building Coffee Shop has
      been submitted to Leicester City Council.
      An application has also been made for the installation of fire escapes to Blocks 6, 7 and
      8 at Beaumont Hall.
                                                                                                       VIENNA CITY                              DORDOGNE
      ROYAL SOCIETY                                                                                      HOLIDAY                               Spacious and secluded old
      TECHNOLOGY LECTURE                                                                                                                     limestone farmhouse in the
                                                                                                      One week in spacious fin
      Tuesday 20 May 1997, 5.30 p.m.                                                                                                            beautiful Dronne valley.
      The Impact of Global Positioning System on Future Navigation
                                                                                                       de siècle luxury flat for
                                                                                                                                                Terrace with fine view;
      by Professor Vidal Ashkenazi                                                                   two, possibly three, £220
                                                                                                                                                comfortable beds; open
      (Director, Institute of Engineering Surveying and Space Geodesy, University of                     per week for two.
                                                                                                                                              fire; well equipped; sleeps
      Nottingham)                                                                                       Call 0116 230 3099
      6 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1.                                                                                                         5; from £185 p.w.
                                                                                                             (evenings)
                                                                                                                                                  Tel: 0116 270 1787.

                                      ADVERTISEMENT

                                                                                                         FOR SALE                            ACCOMMODATION
                     “ONE STOP SHOP”                                                                  DIVING EQUIPMENT                          REQUIRED
              IRONSIDES COMBINE LEGAL AND                                                             Leicester University Sub-             Researcher would like flat to
                    FINANCIAL ADVICE                                                                  Aqua Club has a range of                  rent in shared furnished
                                                                                                      diving equipment for sale.                accommodation but also
         There are many occasions when a trip to seek advice from a                                                                        offering to house sit; from 30th
                                                                                                      For a list, valuation prices
         solicitor is accompanied by a visit to a financial adviser. The                                                                    April for about 2 years. Near
                                                                                                        and more information
         purchase or sale of a house or a commercial property are obvious                                                                  the Univesity of Leicester. Will
                                                                                                            please contact:
         examples - but the same is true of all kinds of events, such as the                                                                   pay rent, very clean/tidy.
                                                                                                        Annie Morgan, Sports
         receiving of an inheritance or dealing with the financial                                                                            Contact: Juha Nurmonen,
                                                                                                       Office, Students’ Union
         consequences of a divorce settlement.                                                                                             Department of Mathematics and
                                                                                                              Telephone:
            The trouble is that few people manage to plan their individual or                                                                     Computer Science.
                                                                                                            0116 223 1166.
         corporate financial affairs as effectively as they might. Financial                                                                 Telephone: 0116 252 3883;
         advice tends to be sought in the heat of the moment without the                                                                          Fax 0116 252 3604;
         benefit of planning in advance to ease the stress of sudden or crisis                                                                           E.mail:
         situations.                                                                                                                          j.nurmonen@mcs.le.ac.uk
            The reasons for this are many and varied. However, there is no
         doubt that people are put off by the vast and bewildering choices of
         financial advisers, each proclaiming why they are best!
            Ironsides have recognised the benefits to clients of the “one stop                     D AT E S F O R Y O U R D I A RY
         shop” concept. As an established name in the area, they are well
         known for providing quality legal advice from their Leicester,                                 EVENTS ARE ALSO LISTED ON CWIS
         Northampton and Oakham offices. By employing in-house
         independent financial advisers, they believe clients will welcome
                                                                                                  Tuesday April 22 - Inaugural Lecture: From Bridges to Microchips.
         the opportunity of taking legal advice and coordinating their
                                                                                                  Professor A Cocks, Engineering. 5.15 pm. Lecture Theatre 1, The New
         financial plans under one roof in the confidence that the combined
                                                                                                  Building.
         advice will provide them with a far greater level of security than
         otherwise available.
                                                                                                  Wednesday April 23 - Evening Concert: Italian music for guitar (Giuliana
            Parry Leggett heads the Financial Planning Team from the
                                                                                                  and Scarlatti) and American music for piano (Copeland and Bernstein).
         firm’s Leicester office, and has great confidence in the future. “I
                                                                                                  Alan Thomas (guitar) Anne Bolt (piano). 7.30 pm. Fraser Noble Building.
         joined Ironsides because I really believe that more and more clients
                                                                                                  Tickets: £5.00 (£4.00). For ticket sales and further details, phone the
         will come to appreciate the benefits of combining quality financial
                                                                                                  Music Department on 0116 252 2781.
         advice with quality level advice. For me, Ironsides have
         consistently proved over the years that their level of advice is
                                                                                                  Wednesday April 23 -
         second to none, and I had no hesitation in agreeing to develop this
                                                                                                  25th Annual Botanic Garden Lecture. Revealing the Private Life of Plants.
         exciting new venture within the practice”.
                                                                                                  Sir David Attenborough. 8.00 pm. De Montfort Hall. Tickets will be on

        26
APRIL Bulletin 97      21/4/97 10:42 am         Page 27




                       NOTICES                                                                               A.O.B.
      sale from the Booking Office at De Montfort Hall in March - £3 (£1 for         REVIEWING THE SITUATION
      students) and £15 (no concessionary rate for students). There will be a        If, like me, you spend a large part of your weekend ploughing through the
      limited number of £15 tickets available and these will include seats in the    newspapers, pouring over the reviews, you might occasionally reach
      Centre Circle followed by a Reception in the Garden Suite at which David       breaking point when you think, ‘hang on, when was the last time I actually
      Attenborough will be present.                                                  went to see a film, watch a play or buy and read a book?’ And you realise
                                                                                     that you haven’t actually been out to see anything for years: reading a
      Tuesday April 29 - Inaugural Lecture: Genes, Behaviour and the Rhythms         review of it has become an end in itself.
      of Life. Professor C Kyriacou, Genetics. 5.15 pm. Lecture Theatre 1, The           There are lots of different reactions of course; you might feel that you
      New Building.                                                                  now know all you need to know about the latest artistic phenomenon -
                                                                                     enough to avoid feeling left out at a dinner party for example. Alternatively
      Wednesday April 30 - Department of Psychology Lecture: Virtual Reality         you could feel that there is just so much going on and so much to be
      in Neurological Rehabilitation. Professor David Rose, Dept of Psychology,      digested, interpreted and commented on over canapés and cocktails that
      University of East London. 2.00 pm. Room 120, Astley Clarke Building           you will never be able even to start.
      (Seminar Room)                                                                     Reviews, when seen as pre-views, would seem to have a place if they are
                                                                                     saying “this is good, it might be worth your time and money to see it” or
      Wednesday April 30 - Evening Concert: The programme includes                   equally, “this is rubbish, don’t waste your time or your money, go out and
      Venetian music of the seventeenth century, Britten’s Hymn to St Cecilia and    buy chocolate instead”. But then, here’s the rub, whom do you believe?
      choruses and arias from Handel’s Acis and Galatea. In contrasting style, the       The review culture is, let’s face it, quite seductive. The range of subjects
      Leicester Male Voice Choir sings popular arrangements of spirituals and folk   covered makes you think you’re some kind of arts superperson, flitting
      melodies. University Singers (Director, Anthony Pither), Leicester Male        from a gallery reception to a film première, taking in a light supper with
      Voice Choir (conductor Richard Dunn). Tickets: £5.00 (£4.00). 7.30 pm.         Michael Winner before sitting through an avant garde production of an
      Fraser Noble Building. For ticket sales and further details, phone the Music   obscure modernist opera. A brief designer beer later, you take a taxi
      Department on 0116 252 2781.                                                   across town clutching the latest Booker Prize winner (the book, not
                                                                                     Graham Swift himself) and finding a cosy table for a nightcap of
      MAY                                                                            jazz/cabaret/Perrier Award winning comedy. Phew, and it’s only 7.30!
      Tuesday May 6 - Leicester Early Modern Seminar. The domestication of               I went to see the film Mars Attacks last week, having given up on the
      the Renaissance. Peter Burke, University of Cambridge. 4.30 pm in the          papers and other media to tell me whether it was worth seeing or not;
      Gatehouse.                                                                     Barry Norman thought it was good in parts, most of the British press
                                                                                     thought it was a turkey and then the Irish Times said it was hilarious. The
      Thursday May 8 - Celebrity Lecture: Exploring the Planets. Dr Patrick          truth is of course far more complex than that but, hey, make up your own
      Moore. 7.30pm. Rattray Lecture Theatre.                                        mind.
                                                                                         I’m thinking of going to see Portrait of a Lady which has suffered a similar
                                                                                     fate - trounced in the nationals, the good old Leicester Mercury came to
                                                                                     the rescue with a five star review. Are we any the wiser - I don’t think so.
                                                                                         In a subtle twist my wife said she was glad she’d seen Jerry Maguire before
                                                                                     reading reviews because now she could read them and see if she agreed
                                                                                     with them. The review as “postview” - this is all getting far too complicated
                                                                                     - or is it? I’ll wait for the Sunday magazine articles before I decide.
                                                                                                                                                             Peter Allen




                                                                                                             CATERING SERVICES

                                                                                                     Delivery Services
                                                                                             Where can you take advantage of
                                                                                                 • Free Delivery Services
                                                                                                 • Wide range of menus
                                                                                                 • Served on crockery
                                                                                                 • Fast efficient service
                                                                                                 • Easy ordering
                                                                                        Answer – Leicester University Catering Services
                                                                                       Call 252 2212 to place your order
                                                                                                                                                                  27
APRIL Bulletin 97         21/4/97 10:42 am            Page 28




             Bulletin competitions are open to all readers except those involved in its
                         production. Entries on photocopied paper please.
                                    Only one entry per person.                                    CROSSWORD
                                                    PRIZE CROSSWORD 13 by Seivador
      A THREE-COURSE LUNCH FOR TWO IN THE CARVERY WILL BE AWARDED TO THE SENDER OF THE FIRST CORRECT ENTRY PICKED IN THE DRAW.

                                                                                           CROSSWORD 13
       1             2                  3      4            5            6            7
                                                                                           Clues Across
                                  8                                                        1. Ruritanian author’s dream (4)
                                                                                           3. Pain he’s got before and after a rotter’s return (8)
       9                                10                  11                             9. Starting school, badly teach learner carrying bag (7)
                                                                                           11. Man from Rome going to America and corrupting agent (5)
                                  12                 13                                    12. Raise spirits of the lately gone (5)
                                                                                           14. I left Persia, going to the East! (6)
       14                  15                        16           17                       16. Minister beheaded for ‘light’ crime (5)
                                                                                           18. Events I’d laid out, laid out for interest (8)
                            18                                                        19
                                                                                           20. Leading people are concluding treaty, treaty (4)
       20            21                                           22                       22. None, excited, can be red with excitement (4)
                                                                                           23. Overactive advice to the underactive (8)
                     23           24                        25                             26. One road waves one wave (5)
                                                                                           27. He looks to review review (6)
                26                                   27                  28                30. Coach coaches (5)
                                                                                           32. Allow allow in (5)
       29                         30           31                                          33. Relative to an epithet relative to a dirty dog (7)
                                                                                           34. Cussed about bad route (8)
       32                                      33
                                                                                           35. This is left in a signal (4)

                                                                                           Clues Down
       34                                                         35                       1. See hippo cavorting where there’s flowing water! (8)
                                                                                           2. Grimes making signal from bridge (5)
                                                                                           4. She’s Italian, but contrarily all for the Germans (4)
                                                                                           5. Verdict’s about to be delivered: it’s wrong to turn aside (6)
           EYE SPY COMPETITION                                                             6. Bar’s in the middle - eat away! (7)
                                                                                           7. Wartime group involved in men’s amusement (4)
           Our intrepid photographer from the University’s Central
                                                                                           8. Polish? She’s a measure (5)
           Photographic Unit has again been roaming the campus for
                                                                                           10. It’s disturbing to reveal a lift (8)
           unusual views. If you can identify the location of the photograph
                                                                                           13. Might it be vain to test wine poured therein? (8)
           below, you are close to snapping up a £10 book token!
                                                                                           15. Put where tides break (5)
             Answers should be sent to Barbara Whiteman, Press &
                                                                                           17. Could be common touch, e.g. (5)
           Alumni Relations, by Thursday 17 April. A draw will be held to
                                                                                           19. Way into transport (8)
           determine the competition winner. The Bulletin’s normal
                                                                                           21. Forced to drink at sea (7)
           competition rules apply.
                                                                                           24. Model’s easy to take (6)
                                                                                           25. Because it’s evil to Anglicans (5)
                                                                                           28. Big one’s important, taken for a drive (5)
                                                                                           29. A dish that gets filled in Tampico (4)
                                                                                           31. Sally, e.g., chewed a nut (4)
                                                                                           PRIZE GIVEN BY LEICESTER UNIVERSITY CATERING SERVICES
                                                                                                       Entries in a sealed envelope - clearly marked
                                                                                               PRIZE CROSSWORD COMPETITION, C/O LUSU RECEPTION, PERCY GEE
                                                                                                BUILDING BY NO LATER THAN NOON ON THURSDAY 17 APRIL.

                                                                                                   NAME: _______________________________________
                                                                                                   DEPT: _______________________________________
                                                                                                   EXT. NO: ____________________________________

                                                                                           PRIZE CROSSWORD 12 SOLUTION
                                                                                           Across: 1 Arch. 3 Cockatoo. 9 Tribune. 10 Penny. 11 Nil. 12 Duress.
           The winner of the first Eye Spy Competition was Mr C J Morrison                 15 Evil. 16 Purr. 19 Tack. 21 Bent. 22 Snob. 23 Idea. 24 Yellow. 28
           (Department of Engineering). The photograph showed a view of                    Rip. 30 Recto. 31 Longbow. 32 Telegram. 33 Slay.
           the roof of the Mechanical Materials Processing building                        Down: 1 Antedate. 2 Crier. 4 Omen. 5 Kepler. 6 Tensile. 7 Onyx. 8
           (Engineering Department). This building was formerly the                        Buss. 13 Elk. 14 Span. 17 Ruby. 18 Stowaway. 20 Codicil. 21 Bel. 22
           Concrete Laboratory.                                                            Sarong. 25 Erne. 26 Label. 27 Trot. 29 Plea.

      WINNER OF LAST MONTH’S WORDSEARCH COMPETITION:
                                                                                           WINNER OF PRIZE CROSSWORD NO. 12:
      Dr C Jagger, Epidemiology and Public Health
                                                                                           Paul Smith, Engineering
           28

				
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