TV Drama

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					TV Drama
   Section A: Textual Analysis and Representation

   Candidates should be prepared to analyse and discuss the following:
   technical aspects of the language and conventions of the moving image
   medium, in relation to the unseen moving image extract, as appropriate to the
   genre and extract specified, in order to discuss the sequence‟s representation
   of individuals, groups, events or places:

   Camera Shots, Angle, Movement and Composition

• Shots: establishing shot, master shot, close-up, mid-shot, long shot,
  wide shot, two-shot, aerial shot, point of view shot, over the shoulder
  shot, and variations of these.

• Angle: high angle, low angle, canted angle.

• Movement: pan, tilt, track, dolly, crane, steadicam, hand-held, zoom,
  reverse zoom.

• Composition: framing, rule of thirds, depth of field – deep and shallow
  focus, focus pulls.
               The Specs
• The unseen moving image extract will be
  four to five minutes long and will be from
  the following genre: TV Drama
• The sequence will be taken from a
  contemporary British one-off or series or
  serial drama programme.
• There will be viewing and note-making
  time for Section A. The timings and rules
  for viewing of extract and note-making will
  be explained.

• Includes transition of image and sound – continuity and non-
  continuity systems.

• Cutting: shot/reverse shot, eyeline match, graphic match, action
  match, jump cut, crosscutting, parallel editing, cutaway; insert.

• Other transitions, dissolve, fade-in, fade-out, wipe, superimposition,
  long take, short take, slow motion, ellipsis and expansion of time,
  post-production, visual effects.


•   Diegetic and non-diegetic sound; synchronous/asynchronous
    sound; sound effects; sound motif, sound bridge, dialogue,
    voiceover, mode of address/direct address, sound mixing, sound

• Soundtrack: score, incidental music, themes and stings, ambient

• Production design: location, studio, set design, costume
  and make-up, properties.

• Lighting; colour design.

  It is acknowledged that not every one of the above
  technical areas will feature in equal measure in any
  given extract. Therefore examiners are instructed to bear
  this in mind when marking the candidates‟ answers and
  will not expect each aspect will be covered in the same
  degree of detail, but as appropriate to the extract
  provided and to the discussion of representation.
Candidates should be prepared to discuss, in response
to the question, how these technical elements create
specific representations of individuals, groups, events or
places and help to articulate specific messages and
values that have social significance. Particular areas of
representation that may be chosen are:

–   Gender
–   Age
–   Ethnicity
–   Sexuality
–   Class and status
–   Physical ability/disability
–   Regional identity
  Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of media concepts,
  contexts and critical debates, using terminology appropriately and
  with accurate and coherent written expression.

  Apply knowledge and understanding to show how meanings are
  created when analysing media products and evaluating their own
  practical work.

  Demonstrate the ability to plan and construct media products using
  appropriate technical and creative skills.

  Demonstrate the ability to undertake and apply appropriate

 For G322, you are assessed on AO1 and AO2
        Thinking about genre
• Start thinking about the role genre plays in
  broadcasters‟ and tv producers‟ thinking
  as well as in audience‟s viewing.
• Your TV viewing:
  – What are some of your favourite TV
  – Why do you like them?
  – Are you aware that you are looking at a
    programme in a particular genre?
     Contrasting TV Genres

 What genres can you identify?
 What do you notice about the scheduling?
               TV genres
• Can you identify different genres?
• Some programmes are seen as hybrids –
  which ones?
• Take one example like Big Brother. Which
  elements of each genre can you identify?
  Why do you think programmes like these
  are produced? How would you label such
  programmes? How do broadcasters label
  them? (First research task)
               TV Genres
• Do you think that broadcasters and
  producers consider different programmes
  they produce in terms of genre?
• How far are the generic features of a
  programme part of audiences‟ viewing
  experience? In what ways?
  Audiences‟ ability to recognise the genre of
  a programme almost instantly means that
  they have assimilated the ingredients /
  conventions of a genre without realising it.
As you study TV drama, think about how
far the genre affects the nature of the
                So what is TV drama?
• TV Drama is a broad genre. At its simplest, it is fictionalised
  action in narrative form produced for television.
• TV Drama includes everything from soap opera to classic
  literary adaptations as well as different narrative forms:
  single dramas, two-parters and mini-series to series, and
  continuing dramas.
• This proliferation of sub-genres has its roots in the 1950s
  when the BBC and later ITV attempted to attract different
  kinds of audiences. It was then that the first children‟s
  serials, classic drama, crime dramas, medical series and
  adventure series appeared.
• Despite this variety of sub-genres, broadcasting
  organisations still label their diverse kinds of drama “TV
  Drama” and promote them as such.
         Conventions of TV Drama
•    Watching an extract from The Bill.
•    Make some notes on:
    1.   Characters
    2.   Story / Narrative
    3.   Sets and settings
    4.   Camerawork
    5.   Dialogue, sound and music
    6.   Icons
      Why study TV drama and what to study?

• TV is a vital genre to television, attracting large audiences,
  often global audiences.
• In a digitally convergent environment, where new platforms
  are providing new forms such as „mobisodes‟ and interactive
  drama, and new means of distribution such as downloadable
  drama, the impact of the genre is set to continue.
• It is therefore important to ask questions about TV drama
  programmes to find out how audiences relate to them and
  what kind of influence they may have.

  Note: Although the term "Mobisode" is trademarked by Fox, it
  is also used in media to refer to mobile telephone television
  episodes not affiliated with Fox.

• The key issues are to identify how these basic conventions are
  used in the TV Dramas you are studying, and to explore how
  they help shape representations in each drama.

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