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Le Raid de Dieppe

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Le Raid de Dieppe Powered By Docstoc
					                              Mr. Bridgeo




The Dieppe Raid
  …the 2nd disaster for the
     Canadian Army
                   Mr. Bridgeo




Where is Dieppe?
       Mr. Bridgeo




4 km
                                                   Mr. Bridgeo




Landing Craft employed by the Allies

         Landing Craft Assault (LCA)
 Made of wood, 12. 5 m long, armed with machine guns,
    could transport roughly 30 men to the beaches.
                                                       Mr. Bridgeo




Landing Craft employed by the Allies

          Landing Craft Infantry (LCI)
   The LCI could travel a longer distance and transport
    Roughly 150 soldiers as well as their equipment.
 Built in the US, it was 48 m long and move at 12 knots.
                                                 Mr. Bridgeo




Landing Craft employed by the Allies

          Landing Craft Tank (LCT)
  Conceived of in England, the LCT could transport
                   Up to 6 tanks.
                                           Mr. Bridgeo




The Dieppe Raid
   At 05 h on the 19th of August, 1942, the men
    of the Royal Regiment of Canada approached
    the beach near the small town of Puys, 2 km
    to the east of Dieppe.
   Although it was supposed to be a surprise
    attack in the morning darkness, the early rise
    of the sun revealed their presence.
                              Mr. Bridgeo




    Puys
At 5 h 07, the ramp of the
first landing craft was
lowered. The Canadians
launched themselves into
attack against unforgiving
machine guns, bombs and
mortars. The men were
mowed down. Those who
could made their way to the
seawall for refuge from the
hell.
                      Mr. Bridgeo




   Puys
Of the 556 soldiers
and officers of the
Royal Regiment of
Canada who
disembarked, or
tried to disembark,
more than 200 died
and 264 were taken
prisoner, many of
them wouded.
                                                     Mr. Bridgeo




     Pourville
                               Soldiers on the beaches, those
The South Saskatchewan         Who were dead and those who
Regiment advanced toward         Seek refuge from the hail
                                        of enemy fire.
Pourville, 4 km west of
Dieppe. The LCA touched
the beach at 4h52, almost
at the planned upone time.
The element of surprise was
intact and the soldiers were
able to disembark before
the enemy was alerted and
able to open fire.
                            Mr. Bridgeo




      Pourville

The South Saskatchewan &
the Cameron Highlanders
of Canada,
Who came in support never
reached their objective.
Many were evacuated and
there was a great loss of
life also in Pourville.
                                                    Mr. Bridgeo




          Dieppe
     At the same time, in the waters near Dieppe,

1.   Four destroyers from the allied fleet bombarded the
     coast while the landing craft approached the shores,
2.   At 5h15, five squadrons of Hurricaines from the Royal
     Air Force bombed the coastal defences and set up a
     smoke shield to protect the assault troops (coming in
     off the landing crafts).
3.   From 5h20 until 5h23, the troops from the Essex
     Scottish Regiment and the Royal Hamilton Light
     Infantry Regiment disembarked and moved inland
     over the obstacles set up by the defending Germans;
     barb wire littered the beaches and stymied the Allies
     attempts to move up the beach to the seawall.
                                           Mr. Bridgeo




       Dieppe
An error synchronizing     The dead and wonded
the attack cost the            on the beach
Allies dearly. The tanks
from the 14th Regiment
that were to arrive
simultaneously, were
late; the two regiments
of soldiers had to open
the attack without any
artillery support.
                                        Mr. Bridgeo




     Dieppe
The tanks of the
Calgary Regiment
arrived late; 29
disembarked from
their landing crafts
and sunk in deep
water…only 15
made it to shore to
take part in the
assault.               Deux chars ont coulé
                        dans l’eau profonde
                                                Mr. Bridgeo




Why did we go?
     The reasons for the raid were:

1.   To distract the Nazis from their attacks on the
     Soviet Union.
2.   To deceive the Nazis as to the real invasion they
     were planning for 1943
3.   To give experience to Canadian soldiers who had
     been in Europe for two years without action
4.   To give the leaders and planners experience in a
     large assault
                                          Mr. Bridgeo




The objectives
     The objectives of the raid were:

1.   To capture and remove Nazi barges
2.   To destroy Nazi arms and fortifications
     around Dieppe
3.   To destroy Nazi aerial fortifications around
     Dieppe
4.   To destroy radarm rail lines, ports and gas
     reserves.
5.   To capture prisoners
6.   To capture essential Nazi documents as well
     as radar stations.

				
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