Mr. Bridgeo The Dieppe Raid …the 2nd disaster for the Canadian Army Mr. Bridgeo Where is Dieppe? Mr. Bridgeo 4 km Mr. Bridgeo Landing Craft employed by the Allies Landing Craft Assault (LCA) Made of wood, 12. 5 m long, armed with machine guns, could transport roughly 30 men to the beaches. Mr. Bridgeo Landing Craft employed by the Allies Landing Craft Infantry (LCI) The LCI could travel a longer distance and transport Roughly 150 soldiers as well as their equipment. Built in the US, it was 48 m long and move at 12 knots. Mr. Bridgeo Landing Craft employed by the Allies Landing Craft Tank (LCT) Conceived of in England, the LCT could transport Up to 6 tanks. Mr. Bridgeo The Dieppe Raid At 05 h on the 19th of August, 1942, the men of the Royal Regiment of Canada approached the beach near the small town of Puys, 2 km to the east of Dieppe. Although it was supposed to be a surprise attack in the morning darkness, the early rise of the sun revealed their presence. Mr. Bridgeo Puys At 5 h 07, the ramp of the first landing craft was lowered. The Canadians launched themselves into attack against unforgiving machine guns, bombs and mortars. The men were mowed down. Those who could made their way to the seawall for refuge from the hell. Mr. Bridgeo Puys Of the 556 soldiers and officers of the Royal Regiment of Canada who disembarked, or tried to disembark, more than 200 died and 264 were taken prisoner, many of them wouded. Mr. Bridgeo Pourville Soldiers on the beaches, those The South Saskatchewan Who were dead and those who Regiment advanced toward Seek refuge from the hail of enemy fire. Pourville, 4 km west of Dieppe. The LCA touched the beach at 4h52, almost at the planned upone time. The element of surprise was intact and the soldiers were able to disembark before the enemy was alerted and able to open fire. Mr. Bridgeo Pourville The South Saskatchewan & the Cameron Highlanders of Canada, Who came in support never reached their objective. Many were evacuated and there was a great loss of life also in Pourville. Mr. Bridgeo Dieppe At the same time, in the waters near Dieppe, 1. Four destroyers from the allied fleet bombarded the coast while the landing craft approached the shores, 2. At 5h15, five squadrons of Hurricaines from the Royal Air Force bombed the coastal defences and set up a smoke shield to protect the assault troops (coming in off the landing crafts). 3. From 5h20 until 5h23, the troops from the Essex Scottish Regiment and the Royal Hamilton Light Infantry Regiment disembarked and moved inland over the obstacles set up by the defending Germans; barb wire littered the beaches and stymied the Allies attempts to move up the beach to the seawall. Mr. Bridgeo Dieppe An error synchronizing The dead and wonded the attack cost the on the beach Allies dearly. The tanks from the 14th Regiment that were to arrive simultaneously, were late; the two regiments of soldiers had to open the attack without any artillery support. Mr. Bridgeo Dieppe The tanks of the Calgary Regiment arrived late; 29 disembarked from their landing crafts and sunk in deep water…only 15 made it to shore to take part in the assault. Deux chars ont coulé dans l’eau profonde Mr. Bridgeo Why did we go? The reasons for the raid were: 1. To distract the Nazis from their attacks on the Soviet Union. 2. To deceive the Nazis as to the real invasion they were planning for 1943 3. To give experience to Canadian soldiers who had been in Europe for two years without action 4. To give the leaders and planners experience in a large assault Mr. Bridgeo The objectives The objectives of the raid were: 1. To capture and remove Nazi barges 2. To destroy Nazi arms and fortifications around Dieppe 3. To destroy Nazi aerial fortifications around Dieppe 4. To destroy radarm rail lines, ports and gas reserves. 5. To capture prisoners 6. To capture essential Nazi documents as well as radar stations.