Larimer County Colorado Alternatives to Incarceration by wanghonghx

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									  Larimer County Colorado
Alternatives to Incarceration
          Gary A. Darling
              Director
      Criminal Justice Services
                                           Larimer County Detention Center
                                               Average Daily Population
                                                   1983 - YTD 2009

600




500                                                                                                                5
                                                                                                            4      1   4   4
                                                                                                        4   9          8       4
                                                                                                                   3       8          4
                                                                                                        8   4          9       7
                                                                                                                           9          6
                                                                                                        0                      2
400                                                                                              4                                    5
                                                                                                 1
                                                                                                 3
                                                                                             3
300                                                                                          3
                                                                                         2   7
                                                                      2          2   2   8
                                                                  2   6      2           7
                                                                                 5   5
200                                                               4          4
                                                              2       2          8   8
                                                                  6          4
                                                   1      1   1
                                           1   1   8      8   3
             1                         1
             3      1   1          1   4   6   5   5      7
                               1
100      1          3   3          3
             5                 3       9   0   6
         0          3   6          6
                               0
         5


  0
      1983   1985       1987       1989    1991    1993       1945    1997       1999    2001    2003       2005       2007    YTD
                                                                                                                               2009
         Jail Inmate Population
• If LC was at the average incarceration rate for
  the State of Colorado, we would have 858
  inmates in jail.
• If LC were at the National average we would
  have 758 inmates in jail.
• Consultants projected in 2003 LC would have
  567 inmates in jail.
• We now have a average daily population of
  468 inmates for 2009.
          Alternative Programs
• Work Release has been used for nearly 30 years.
• Work Ender program has been used for 25 years.
• Useful Public Service has been used for 20 years.
• Electric Home Detention has been used for over
  10 years.
• Alternative daily costs per inmate averages $26.
• Jail daily cost per inmate $104.
          Alternative Programs
• Pretrial Services established 30 years ago.
• Community Corrections established 33 years ago.
• Re-entry Program established 2 years ago.
• Mental Health Intervention Pretrial Services
  (MHIPS) established 3 years ago.
• Alternatives for Incarcerated Individuals with
  Mental Health Needs (AIIM) established 3 years
  ago.
• Crisis Assessment Center established 3 years ago.
• Community Dual Disorder Treatment (CDDT).
    Criminal Justice Advisory Committee
            (CJAC) Membership
•   District Court Judge
•   Public Defender
•   District Attorney
•   Sheriff
•   Director of Community Corrections
•   Two Chiefs of Police
•   Jail Commander
•   Chief of Probation
•   Regional Director of Parole
•   Director of Heath and Humane Services
•   County Manager
•   Director of Criminal Justice Services
                                Decision to
                                  Arrest


      Sentence                                              Decision to
     Modification                                           Detain Pre-
      Decision                                                 trial



                                Larimer
                                County
                               Detention
                                Center                            Decision to
Sentencing                                                       Release from
 Decision                        (Jail)                            Pre-trial
                                                                  Detention




                Adjudication                  Decision to
                 Outcome                      Prosecute
               2009 Scenario
• January 2009 ADP at the jail increased.
• 2009 budget forces Sheriff to cap the jail at 460.
• Sheriff proposes to CJAC that anyone charged
  with a class 4 felony or less will not be accepted
  into the jail (some exceptions noted).
• Proposal not acceptable to members of the CJAC
  and a special meeting is scheduled with all judges
  and other criminal justice department heads.
             Meeting Results
• Change requirements for bonds and use
  Pretrial Bond Commissioners to get more PR
  and PR-CO bonds recommended.
• Review outcomes of new procedures and
  evaluate the workload and failure to appear
  rate over the next four months.
• Officers on the street to use a summons in lieu
  of arrest when appropriate.
            Meeting Results
• If Officer makes an arrest, determine if the
  individual has ties to the community and
  determine if they may be released to a
  responsible individual when appropriate.
• Increase the number of beds in Work Release
  to increase sentencing options.
                            Impact
• Bookings at the jail decrease by 13%.
• Number of people bonding and placed on pretrial did
  not increase.
• PR bonds increased, PR-CO, cash, and surety bonds
  decreased.
• FTA rate on those bonded with pretrial supervision
  decreased.
• Jail population has decreased to a low of 419 inmates.
      NOTE: ADP for the year is at 468 due to the high counts early in the
      year
• Number of people sentenced to Work Release
  increased slightly.
      Matrix of Pretrial Defendants Arrested



                                         Released
Released                                  on PR
to Surety                                 PR/CO


Remain in
 custody
                                         Released
 without
                                          on PR
 posting
                                          PR/CO
  bond
                Average Length of Stay by Bond Type
                         Sample from 2008
                          Larimer County


    6



                                                           5.35
    5

A
L
O   4

S

i   3

n

                                                   2.4
D   2
a
y
s   1
         0.77            1.03


    0
        PR            PRCO                  CASH         CPS

                                Bond Type
                          Pre-Trial Service Cases Activated
                                    2008 vs. 2009

3000         2008
             2009



2500




2000




1500




1000




 500




   0
       Jan          Feb       Mar        Apr         May      June   YTD
                   Pre-Trial Services Recommended Bond Types
                                    2008 vs. 2009
                                      PR Bonds

1100


1000


 900


 800


 700


 600
                                                                     2008
                                                                     2009
 500


 400


 300


 200


 100


   0
       Jan   Feb          Mar      Apr       May      June     YTD
                  Pre-Trial Services Recommended Bond Types
                                   2008 vs. 2009
                                    PRCO Bonds

600




500




400



                                                                    2008
300
                                                                    2009




200




100




 0
      Jan   Feb         Mar       Apr       May      June     YTD
                   Pre-Trial Services Recommended Bond Types
                                    2008 vs. 2009
                                     CPS Bonds

1500

1400

1300

1200

1100

1000

 900

 800                                                                 2008

 700                                                                 2009

 600

 500

 400

 300

 200

 100

   0
       Jan   Feb          Mar      Apr       May      June     YTD
                Failure to Appear Rates for Supervised Clients
                                2008 vs. 2009

2.50%
              2008
              2009



2.00%




1.50%




1.00%




0.50%




0.00%
        Jan     Feb        Mar        Apr        May        June   YTD
          PRETRIAL SUPERVISION
       Average number of defendants per month by year

                             Avg # PTS/Mo.

1800                                   1644   1592
1600                            1398
1400
                      1127
1200
1000            819
 800                                                 Avg # PTS/Mo.
         586
 600
 400
 200
   0
        2004   2005   2006     2007    2008   2009
                  Summary
• You must look at the system as a whole and
  make changes at each of the decision points.
• You must determine what the reason is for
  your programs. Less cost, recidivism
  reduction, community safety or a combination
  of reasons.
• Community safety for Larimer County is more
  important than an individual returning to
  court. Pretrial Services are critical to success.
Questions?

								
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