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									Table D-1 (continued)
10 Year Timber Program

Sale Name      District   Sale      Forest   Sale     Road         Road           Loggmg   Harvest
               MA#         Area     Type     Volume   Construction Reconstruction Method   Method
                          (Acres)            (MMBF)

Fiscal Year 1993

IGmshew         AIJ47      600        MC        35        50         12 0          T, H    cc
Cold Steel      Aw45      1,300       MC        80        38            5          T       OR, SW,
Canbou          Aw22      1,000       Fir       50        20           10          T       SW, Int,
Delcar          AIJ36      800        MC        55        27           14          T. C    sw, cc.
                                                                                           OR, Int

Horse Heaven    HCl9       800        MC        40        13          41           T       Int, CC
Battle Bash     HC116     1,000       h e       4.0                                T       OR, CC
Simply Red      HC116       800       MC        30                                 T       Int, CC
Prospect        He111     1,000       MC        40                    24           T       cc, sw
Harvey          ELI17     1,200       Pine      60                     15          T       OR, Int,
Hog-MA          ELI25      400        Pine      20                                 T       OR, Int,
Grays           ELI18      800        MC        50                                 T       OR, CC,
                                                                                           SW, Int

Small Log       All       7,000       MC, Pine 20 0                                T       Int
Salvage         Au                              8.0                                T       Salvage
Misc            All                             I O

Total                                          85        14 8        22 9

Appendix >Tentative               10-Year Ttmber Sale Action Plan                               D-3
Table D-1 (continued)
10 Year Timber Program

Sale Name      District   Sale    Forest    Sale   Road         Road           Loggmg   Harvest
               MA#         Area   Type      Volume Construction Reconstruction Method   Method
                          (Acres)           (MMBF)

Fiscal Year 1994

Pinnacle        AL'37      600       MC        80        70            4        T, C    Int, OR,
Lost Lake       AW37      2,000      MC       15 0                     5        T       OR, Int,
                                                                                        sw, cc
Mud Hole        AW44      1,400      MC       10 0                     5        T       OR, s w ,
                                                                                        Int, CC
Summit          AW44      1,500      MC        80        20           20        T       Int, SW,
                                                                                        OR, CC

Rake            HC117     1,000      Pine      4.0                             T        Ink, cc
Jack            HCl6        800      Pme       40                              T        Int, cc
WllCoX I1       HCIS      1,000      MC        25                              T        Int,cc
Refugee         HCIS        800      Pine      40                              T        Ink, cc
Shakedown       HCI1        700      MC        5.5                             T        Int, CC
Lost Rock       HCl17     1,500      MC        4.0                             T        GS
North Crater    EU19      3,000      Pine      80        10            3        T       Int, OR,
                                                                                        c c , sw
Intenor         EUZ1       600       MC        80         7            3        T       OR, Int,
                                                                                        sw, cc
Indicator       EU31       600       MC        10        20            6        T       OR, CC
Blacks 6        EM1        350       Pine      40        15                     T       Int

Small Log       All       5,000      MC, Pine 12 0                                      Int
Salvage         All                  Au        70
                                                .                                       Salvage
Misc.           All                             .

Total                                        110 0      14 2          46

D-4                               Appendix D-Tentative         10-Year Timber Sale Action Plan
Table D-1 (continued)
10 Year Timber Program

SaleName      Distnd   Sale      Forest   Sale        Road        Road           Loggmg   Harvest
              MA#       Area     Type     Volume      Construchon Reconstruction Method   Method
                       (Acres)            (MMBF)

Fiscal Year 1995

Alder         AU41     1,200      MC           88          2           3          T       Int, CC
Shanghai      AU87     2,000      MC          14 0                                T       CC, Itm,
Discovery     AU46     1,800      MC          10 0                                T, C    OR, Int,
                                                                                          s w , cc
Narrows       Aw42      800        MC          90         30          70          T       Int, CC,
                                                                                          OR, SW
Vision        AW38     2,000       MC          50                                 T       SW,OR,
                                                                                          Int, CC

Jacks Back    HC/16    1,200      Fir          3.0                                T       Int, cc
Soldier       ECIZ     1,200      MC           5.0                                T       Int, CC
CQ-           HCi9     1,700      Fine         3.0                     .
                                                                      10          T       Int, cc
Corner        HCl3       900      Pine         3.0                     .
                                                                      10          T       Int, cc
Astarte       ec/9       400      MC           5.0                                T       m,cc,
Latoux        HC/26     800       MC            .
                                               30                                 T       Jilt, sw,
Baxter        EU33     1,500       MC          4.0        3.0         1.5         T       OR, SW,
                                                                                          Int, CC
Ebey          EL41     1,200       Plne        40                                 T       OR, Int,
Pemtentiary   EW19     1,200       Plne        40                                 T       Int, CC,
Sheepshead    E'Y7      800        Plne         20                                T       Int, OR,
Cave          EU14     2,000       Pine         40         4                      T       Int, OR

Small Log     All                  MC, Plne     9.0                               T       Int
Salvage       All                               60                                        Salvage
Miec.                                           5.0

Total                                         106 8       66         10.8

Appendix *Tentative            10-Year Timber Sale Action Plan                                  D-5
    Table D-1 (continued)
    10 Year Timber Program

    SaleName         Distnct      Sale    Forest    Sale      Road         Road           Logging     Harvest
                     MA#           Area   Type      Volume    Construction Reconstruction Method      Method
                                  (Acres)           (MMBF)

    Fiscal Y e a r 1996

    Soda              Aw45        2,000       MC      10 0        ao            30         T, C, H SW, CC,
    willow            m2a         2,000      MC       15 0                      30         T,C     SW,Int,
    Turner            Aw35        2,000      MC       15 0        20                       T, C       SW, Int

    Balderdmh         HC/5          800      pine      2.0                       8         T          In$,cc
    Va%me             &/9        1,500        MC       5.0                                 T          In% sw
    Bearwallow        HC/9       1.000       .MC       5.0         5                       T          cc. OR
    @&Cor             HC/5        1;OOO      Pike      4.0                      10         T          OR, CC,

    Ashurst           EU13        1,500      MC        40                                  T          Int, OR,
    Keddie            EU39        1,500      MC        40         49           io a        T,C        SW
    Campbell          EU23        2,000      MC        6.0                      10         T          SW, OR,
    Willard           EU32        2,000      Pine      5.0                                 T          Int, Regen

    small Log        All          4,500      All       9.0                                 T      -   Int
    Salvage          All         Forest      All       00
                                                      1.                                   T          Salvage
    Misc             All                               2.0

    Total                                            103 0       17 4         20 4

    Fisc& Y e a r 1997
    To Be Announced        All                         95 0

    Fiscal Y e a r 1998
    To Be Announced        All                         95 0

    Fiscal Year 1999
    To Be Announced        All                         95 0

    Fiscal Year 2000
    To Be Announced        All                         95 0

    Fiscal Y e a r 2001
    To Be Announced        All                         94 0

    D-6                                   Appendix *Tentative           IO-Year Timber Sale Action Plan


                                                   Flexibility built into each management practice
INTRODUCTION                                       allows the manager to consider an area’s specific
                                                   needs as expressed in the Management Area
A management practice is a group of related        Descriptions and Direction For example, the
management actinties A set of compatible           “Full mmber Management” practice would allow
management practices along with a set of associ-   40-acre clearcutsunth straight-line edges How-
ated standards and guidelines forms a prescrip-    ever, based on the resources t h a t a r e empha-
tion A prescription, modified as necessary by      sized within the Management Area, the Distnct
Management Area Direction, directs manage-         Ranger can determine the appropnate size and
ment of a specific portion of a Management Area    shape of these clearcuts or request authorization
                                                   to increase their size.

   Practice                              Page            Practice                            Page

1. FACILITIES                                      6. RECREATION

  Facility ConstructiomReconstruction      E-2          Interpretive Facilities and Semces     E-4
  Road Maintenance                         E-2          Restncted Off-Road Vehicle Use         E-4
  Road Closure                             E-2
  Road Obliteration                        E-2     7. SOIL, WATER, AND RIPARIAN AREAS

2. FIRE AND FUELS                                   Watershed Restoration and
                                                     Improvement                               E-5
  Fuels Management                         E-2
  f i r e Management                       E-3     8. TIMBER

3. FISH                                                 Full Timber Management                 E-5
                                                        Modified Timber Management             E-7
  Fish Habitat Management                  E-3          Limited Timber Management              E-7

4. MINERALS AND GEOLOGY                            9.   VISUAL RESOURCES
  Minerals Management                      E-3      Visual Resource Management                 E-8

5. RANGE                                           10. WILDLIFE AND FISH

  Range Administration and Management E-4           Threatened and Endangered Species
  Range Structural Improvements                     Habitat Management                         E-8
   and Maintenance                    E-4           Harvest Species Habitat Management         E-9
  Range Nonstructural Improvements    E-4           Other MIS and Special Habitat
                                                    Management                                 E-9

Appendix E-Management Practices                                                                E- 1
DEFINITIONS OF                                      channels; (3) surface repair, including patching
                                                    of holes, removal of rockfalls, or slides, and re-
MANAGEMENT PRACTICES                                placement of lost or worn out matenal, and (4)
                                                    safety renewal, includmg repair or replacement
.                                                   of signs, center and edge striping, and litter
Facility ConstructionlReconstruction
(Roads, Trails, Bndges, Dams, Buildmgs, etc )       Road Closure
This practice includes engmeenng and actual         This practice includes engineering and actual
constructionorreconstruction Engmeenng tasks        road closure Seasonal closures may be applied
include planning (needs assessment, area recon-     t o reduce conflicts with wildlife or roadbed dam-
naissance, and site analysis), preconstruction      age dunng wet weather Engmeering may be
engineering(site surveys, design, cost estimates,   needed to determme adequate safety and enw-
and contract preparation), and construction en-     ronmental protection measures. Closure tasks
gmeenng (control staking, contract compliance       include installation of appropriate closure
checking, documentation, and preparation of         dewces, signing, posting of legal notices, subse-
operation and maintenance plans).                   quent periodic inspection, and ongoing mamte-
                                                    nance of the closure device and drainage sys-
Road construction tasks are as follows In the       tems
vegetation removal phase, trees are felled,
bucked, and limbed; logs are skidded out and        Road Obliteration
hauled away, matenal suitable for firewood may
be stacked for later removal by wood-gatherers,     This practice includes engmeenng tasks and
slash is scattered, burned or buned; and stumps     actual road obliteration Engmeering may be
are scattered or removed to burn or t o bury In     needed to insure that adequate envlronmental
the earthwork phase, matenal is excavated from      safeguards are included
cut sections and placed in fills. The matenal is
compacted into a stable road bed Drainage           Obliteration tasks include removing traffic con-
channels are dug, which includes installation of    trol devices, signs, pipes, and other related struc-
pipes or shaping of the road surface to drain       tures, reshaping the roadbed to prevent erosion;
water without damage t o the road In the surfac-    re-estabhshmg near-natural contours t o the ex-
ing phase, matenal is applied to more effectively   tent feasible, scanfymg compacted areas to en-
stabilize the road surface commensurate wth         courage natural revegetation, revegetating
estimated traffic flows Surface erosion control     (if needed) using native species as based on an
and safety devices are installed as necessary to    interdisciplinary team analysis; and periodic
protect the environment and the public              inspecting for drainage systems failure

Road Maintenance                                    2. FIREANDFUELS
This practice includes engmeenng and actual         Fuels Management
road m5mtenance. Engmeering tasks include
safety and condition inspections, establishment     This practice consists of inventoryng and treat-
of pnonty, and preconstruction and construction     ing slash, brush, grass, and other flammable
engmeenngbee prevlous practice for examples)        matenal to protect or enhance forest resources
                                                    and provlde for the safety of forest users from
Road maintenance involves (1) vegetation re-        wildfire Fuels include (1) activity fuels from
moval, including removal ofblown-down trees or      both current and pnor operations such as timber
limbs, and tnmming brush or limbs encroaching       harvesting, pre-commercial thinmng, and road
on the travelled way or screening oncoming traf-    construction, and (2) natural fuels, such as live
fic; (2) drainage restoration, including removal    and dead matenals that have accumulated natu-
of sediment from ditches, pipes, or drainage        rally over time

E-2                                                   Appendvc E-Management Practwes
Treatment may be accomplished through (1)            4.   MINERALS AND GEOLOGY
prescnbed fire, such as broadcast burning, ma-
chine piling and burning, hand-piling and burn-      Minerals Management
ing, (2) rearrangement, such as crushing, chip-
ping, piling, and disking, or (3) removal, such as   This practice describes mineral extraction con-
yarding unmerchantable matenal (YUM), con-           ducted by a mining claimant or lease holder
ducting salvage sales, encouragmg personal-use       Forest Servlce officials monitor the mining activ-
firewoodremoval or commercialbiomass removal,        ity to insure protection of the surface resources
and grazing
                                                     a. Surface Placer mining and open-pit mining
Fire Management                                      are the standard methods forextractingshallow-
                                                     depth ores Placer mining involves the washing
This practice involves prevention, presuppres-       of alluvium containing such minerals as gold,
sion, and suppression ofmldfires This includes       silver, tin, and tungsten Open pit mining nor-
fire management planning and analysis, fire          mally is used for lower grade ores such as lime-
prevention, fire detection, coordination of pn-      stone, pumice stone, asbestos, and diatomaceous
mary and secondary initial attack forces and         earth, but is increasingly being used for precious
reinforcements, and the management of support        metals A waste site and access road are nor-
facilities and services.                             mally involved
Prescnbed fire from unplanned ignition is man-       Major disturbance of the ground surface occurs
aged by the fire management organization This        with either of these two methods and in general
includes fires that are burning in conformance       encompasses between 2 and 20 acres
with pre-established conditions and are meeting
land and resource management objectives, but         b. Subsurface Either vertical shafts or hon-
whch were not intentionally ignited by resource      zontal adits are the standard method for reach-
managers. Ignition mll be limited to natural         ing deep deposits A mine plant, waste site, and
sources (1.e lightning) Cold trailing, natural       access road are normally involved
bamers, and water are used in preference t o
handline construction in special areas, Wilder-      c. GeothermalDevelopment The first phase
ness, and other sensitive areas                      in geothermal development is exploratory drill-
                                                     ing, including road, dnll pad, and sump con-
.                                                    struction Roads are designed t o carry heavy
                                                     loads year-round The drill padis an arealeveled
Fish Habitat Management                              and cleared of vegetation The sump is designed
                                                     to contain fluids The drill pad and sump require
This management practice includes (1) install-       a n area of one to three acres
inginstream structures (boulders, gabions, boul-
der and log weirs, log and crib deflectors) to       The second phase includes development of a t
modify channel morphology and increase suit-         least a powerhouse, including turbines and gen-
able fish habitat, (2) fencing streamside areas      erators, and a power transmissionline The type
and planting ripanan vegetation to control live-     of pipeline and the need for cooling towers de-
stock grazing to increase streambank cover and       pend on the nature of the resource whether the
canopy over the stream, (3) removing fine sedi-      system is vapor- or fluid-dominated.
ments from spawning gravels, particularly for
anadromousfish species, (4)modifymgor remov-         The third phase is production, in which electnc-
ing barriers to migrating spawning fish Actin-       ity o r heat is produced and the above facilities
ties in lake environments include planting o r       are maintained
protecting riparian vegetation to minimize
sedimentation, modifylng human access, dredg-        d Oil and Gas Development The explora-
ing or chargng water levels to increase suitable     tion phase is similar to geothermal exploration
livmg space, and placing cover structures for        The development phase involves dnlling addi-
fish                                                 tional wells and constructing holding tanks and

Appendix E-Management Practices                                                                   E-3
related facilities The production phase involves     6 RECREATION
further development, and construction of pipe-
lines to transport the product Natural gas is        Interpretive Facilities and Services
exported through a pipeline, usually smaller
than 12 inches diameter, which is buned wher-        This practice includes planning, design, con-
ever feasible. The production phase requires less    struction, administration, and rehabilitation of
maintenance than does geothermal. If oil is the      trails, exhibits, unstaffed information stations,
product, it 1s usually transported in trucks from    amphitheaters, vista points, and other inter-
wellhead holding tanks.                              pretive facilities It also includes the provision of
                                                     interpretive semces such as campfire programs,
e. Mineral Materials Development This                guided walks, publications, outdoor education,
includes development and use of cinder pits and      and community programs
gravel pits for both Forest Semce and others’
use Requirements are similar to those for open       Operation and maintenance of interpretive ser-
pit mining.                                          vices is a t one of two levels

5. RANGE                                                 1     Standard Service (meeting established
Range Administration and
Management                                               2     Limited Service (below established
This practice includes administration of grazing
permits, maintenance, updating, and imple-           All interpretive servlces and facilities are com-
mentation ofAllotment Management Plans, and          patible with the ROS class designation (defined
coordination ofrange management activities m t b     in Appendix I) and expected use
other resource uses This involves chechng
compliance m t h grazing p e m t s ; prepanng and    Interpretive facilities and semces vary by pre-
implementing annual operating plans for each         scription
allotment, determining range readiness, utihza-
tion, condition, and trend, analyzing cost-effec-        1     Developed Recreation Prescription:
tiveness of range improvements, resolvlng con-                 Unstaffed facilities and interpretive
a c t s of range use with other resource use, pre-             programs
venting and terminating unauthonzed livestock
use; and revising and implementing the five year         2     SPNM Prescription Trailhead infor-
range improvement plan.                                        mation and education

Range Structural Improvements                            3.    SPM Prescription Trailhead informa-
and Maintenance                                                tion and education.

This practice includes maintenance and con-              4     Viewmmber Prescription Unstaffed
struction of structural range improvements t o                 information stations a t vista pomts
implement and improve grazing systems, and
control livestock distribution to obtain proper          5     Special Area Prescription Interpre-
forage utilizahon. Structural improvements in-                 tive facilities and services compatible
clude fencing, stockponds and windmills                        with the purpose of the special area
Range Non-Structural Improvements
                                                         6     WildernessPrescnption Trailheadin-
This practice includes provlsion of nonstructural              formation and education
range improvements for erosion control or forage
production Non-structural improvements               Restricted Off-Highway Vehicle Use
include prescribed burning, plowmg and disking
of less desirable vegetation species, and drilling   This practice involves control of off-highway ve-
or broadcast seeding of grass on disturbed sites     hicle use. Use can be seasonally prohibited or
                                                     restncted to designated routes

E-4                                                    Appendix E-Management Practices
7. SOIL,WATER, AND                                      82    Controlling Livestock Numbers and
   RIPARIAN AREAS                                             Season of Use

Watershed Restoration                               c. Corrective Best Management Practices
and Improvement                                     “Corrective” BMP’s are used t o improve dam-
                                                    aged watersheds
Practices that protect water quality and soil
productivity are called “Best Management Prac-          11 Revegetation of Areas Disturbed by
tices” (BMP’s), and can be dinded into three                 Harvest Activities
types preventive, controlling, and corrective           2 26 Obliteration of Temporary Roads
Presently 99 documented practices are approved          2 27 Restoration of Borrow Pits and Quar-
bytheStateasBMF”smReg.lon5 Severalothers                     nes
are being developed All BMP’s are hereby mcor-          5 4 Revegetation of Surface Disturbed Ar-
porated by reference into this section ofthe Plan            eas
Typical examples of each type follow                    6 5 Reuair or Stabilization of Fire Sup-
                                                             pression-Related Watershed Damage.
a. PreventiveBest Management Practices                  7 1 Watershed Restoration, including (1)
These BMP’s are used t o avoid soil and water                building checkdams, gully plugs, and
quality problems Proper use of “preventive”                  headcut-stabilizing structures, (2)con-
BMP’s mnimizes the need for “controlhng” and                 tourfurrowmgdisturbed areas, (3) con-
“corrective” BMP’s                                           structing. snow fences, dams, barners,
                                                             and gates; (4)obliterating roads, (5)
    1 1 Timber Sale Planning Process
                                                             stahilizmgroad slope byblowmgstraw,
    13 Use ofErosion Hazard Ratings for Tim-
                                                             cnmpingstraw, laymgjute matting, o r
        ber Harvest Unit Design                              wattling, spraying with tackifier o r
    14 Use of Sale Area Maps for Designating                 glue, riprapping, paving, or rock sur-
        Water Quality Protection Needs                       facing; (6) stabilizing banks by build-
    1.7 Prescnbingthe Size andshapeofclear-                  ing walls and diversion dams, facing
        cuts                                                 with cnbhing or piling, and planting
    5.2 Slope Limitations for Tractor Opera-                 with stabilizing vegetation such a s
        tion                                                 wllows, wildlife browse, grass, or coni-
    5 3 Tractor Operation Excluded from Wet-
                                                             fer seedlings; (7) excluding from hve-
        lands and Meadows                                    stock grazing or human use by block-
    5 6 Soil Moisture Limitations for Tractor                mg, barncading, or gating, (8) stabihz-
        Operation                                            ing landslides; and (9) firming and re-
    6 3 Protection of Water Quality from Pre-                shaping wet areas
        scribed Burning Effects
    7 7 Management by Closure to Use                8. TIMBER
    7 8 Cumulative Off-SiteWatershedEffects
        Analysis (CWE) (Pending State ap-           ~      Ember
                                                          ~ l lManagement
        proval )
                                                    This practice includes use of the full range of
b. ControllingBestManagement      Practices         silvicultural practices to achieve a high timber
“Controlling” BMP’s are wedto                       output from lands classified as suitable for full
Pr”Jectalternatives and      mitigation mea-        timber management It involves the following
sures                                               management prescriptions
    1.5 Limiting the Operating Penod of Tim-        a. Even-AgedHarvest Methods
         ber Sale Actinties                         Clearcut - This is the removal of all, or nearly all,
      l1 Suspended                 In Timber        merchantable trees in a stand so that a new
         Harvesting                                 stand may be established. Type of clearcut may
    1 13 Erosion Prevention and Control Mea-        be group, stand, or s t n p Harvest units range
         sures During Timber Sale Operations        from approximately 2 to 40 acres, but average 15
    2 3 Timing of Construction Activities           t o 25 acres
    2.7 Control of Road Drainage

Appendix E-Management Practices                                                                     E-5
Seed-Step Shelterwood Cut - This is the removal           ing It is not appropnate alone for
of all merchantable trees except desired over-            natural regeneration.
story trees. On the Forest, regeneration is usu-
ally accomplished by planting.                            Burning - Spot or broadcast burning t o
                                                          remove vegetation and debris to ex-
Overstory Removal - This is the removal of the            pose mineral soil for planting or natu-
trees that have been left to regenerate a new             ral regeneration. Exposure of mineral
standnaturallyortoprotectplanted trees Mini-              soil is not necessary for planting if
mum stand size is five acres This treatment               spots wlll be hand scalped
usually is made in the decade followingthe seed-
step harvest                                              Hand Preparation - Hand removal of
                                                          vegetation and debns to allow access
b. Uneven-Aged Harvest Methods                            for planting. This is not appropnate
Group Selectcon - This is the removal of all              for natural regeneration
merchantable trees from groups no larger than
two acres All of the cultural practices listed            Plantcng Practices
below may be applied t o these groups
Individual Tree Selection - This 1s the removal of        ing o f an average of 400 trees per acre
indimdual trees ofall size classes within the area        (10’ x 1 0 or 8’ x 12’ spacing) with
being managed under this system The intent is             species adapted t o the site. Stocking
to maintain a specific ratio of number of trees           levels must meet R-5 mnimum stan-
between the different size classes Ideally, natu-         dards at the end of the fifth year
ral regeneration is relied upon for restoclung
Precommercial thinning is normally the only               Douglas-Fcr and True Fcrs - Planting
cultural treatment applied                                of 600 trees per acre (average 8’ x 8’
                                                          spacing) m t h species adapted t o the
c. Intermediate Harvest Methods                           site. Stockmg must meet R-5 mmi-
Intermediate harvests - may be made between               mum standards a t the end of the fifth
the time a stand reaches merchantable size and            year
final harvest T ~ includes commernal t h ” g ,
sanitationor high-risk cutting, and salvage Yield         Natural Regeneration - Exposure of
is part of the allowable sale quantity Fuel treat-        mineral soil is necessary Seed trees
ment usually follows an intermediate harvest              remain until stoclung meets R-5 mini-
                                                          mum standards
d. Cultural Practices
Activities following harvest are called “cultural         Seed Collection - The tree seed inven-
practices” and may include site preparation, ar-          tory should remain sufficient t o meet
tificial or natural regeneration, vegetative man-         10 year reforestation needs Seed col-
agement, precommercial thinning, and ammal                lections must meet the Base Level Pro-
control:                                                  gram described in the Tree Improve-
                                                          ment Plan for the California Reaon,
    (1)   Site Preparation                                1976

          Bulldozcg - Removal ofvegetation and            Release Practcces
          debns followmgloggmg so as t o expose
          mineral soil for planting or natural            Release - The Objectives of release are
          regeneration                                    (1)to insure establishment of conifer
                                                          seedlings and (2) to promote accept-
          Masticatcon - Treatment by machines             able height growth Conifer release
          that mow or masticate vegetation and            from vegetation competition is neces-
          debns to allow access to the ground for         sarywhenthe other vegetation (shrubs,
          planting This must be followed by               grass, and forbs) has the potential t o
          hand-scalpingspots a t the time ofplant-        occupy, or is currently occupymg, 30

E-6                                                  Appenduc E-Management Practices
          percent or more of the area or has a       are attached to cables and are shdded, usually
          crown volume exceeding 10,000 cubic        uphill to a roaded landing, with one end ofthe log
          feet per acre                              suspended About 10-20 percent of the Forest
                                                     reqmres cable loggmg
          Release may be accomplishedby herbi-
          cide application or by hand or mechani-    The only aenal system used on this Forest has
          cal cutting More than one treatment        been helicopter. It is seldom used, but may be
          is usually needed                          necessary i n isolated areas where harvest
                                                     volumes are small or where the cost of other
          On about 50 percent of the planted         loggmg systems plus road construction would be
          land, two release treatments are           more expensive
          planned mthin five years after plant-
          ing                                        The need for roads vanes significantly by logging
                                                     system Since shdding distances are linnted t o
    (4)   Animal Control Practices
                                                     about 1/4 mile, t r a c t o r logging r e q u i r e s
                                                     approximately two to three miles of road per
          The animals most damagmg to a re-
          generated timber stand are deer and        square mile, cable loggmg requires three to four
          pocket gophers. Poisoned bait is used      miles ofroad per square mile Helicopter loggmg
          for pocket gophers, and seedling pro-      requires fewer roads than the other two loggmg
          tectors are used for both pocket go-       systems.
          phers and deer
                                                     f. Rotation Length
          Control measures are needed on re-         Mimmumrotationlengthis culmmation ofmean
          generated stands in the follomng esti-     annual increment of a regenerated stand. Rota-
          mated amounts 25 percent ofeastside        tions vary from about 120 t o 150 years de-
          pine, 30 percent of mxed confer, 100       pending on major forest type, site, and manage-
          percent of red fir and lodgepole pine.     ment intensity.

    (5)   Precommercial Thinning Practices           Minimum rotation length is a modeling con-
                                                     stramtusedto generate forest-mde outputsbased
          This is the removal of trees ofless than   on Forest averages In actual practice, a site
          minimum sawlog size t o increase           specific silviculture prescription may determine
          growth rates in the remaining stand        that regenerating a stand before the minimum
          Precommercial thinning is not done         rotation age (used in the model) is warranted.
          unless 20 percent or more of the basal
          area mll be removed Thinning is            Modified Timber Management
          accomplished through commercial sale
          procedures for biomass products when       This practice is appropnate for managmg timber
          possible.                                  on land where needs other than timber produc-
                                                     tion, such as enhancement of visual quality or
e. Logging Systems                                   wildlife habitat are emphasized.
The Forest uses three general types of loggmg
systems. tractor, cable, and aenal                   A full range of silvicultural practices is appropn-
                                                     ate, although harvest areas are usually smaller
Tractor loggmg is by far the most common sys-
                                                     than in Full Timber management and a r e
tem on the Forest Tracklaylng vehicles ("cats")
                                                     designed to meet other resource objectives All of
andlor rubber-tired skidders are used to s h d the
logs, usually downhill to a landing with road        the harvest methods listed under Full Timber
access About 80-90 percent of the Forest is          Management can be used Harvest areas are
suitable for tractor loggmg                          typically from one t o 20 acres

Cable loggmg is the usual method on slopes too       Cultural activities are the same as for Full Tim-
steep to be accessible or safe m t h tractors Logs   ber Management

Appendix E-Management Practices                                                                      E-7
Loggmg systems and amount of road construc-           the prescnptions and in the Management Area
tion depend on the particular need for which this     Direction Definitions ofeach VQO are in Appen-
practice is applied                                   dix N

Limited Timber Management                             1 . WILDLIFE
Areas where this practice applies include             Practices for fish and wildlife are separated into
(1)sensitive vlsual zones, (2) ripanan zones, (3)     practices for Threatened and Endangered spe-
goshawk habitat areas, (4) growth retention
                            old                       cies, harvest species, Management Indicator
areas, and (5)extremely rocky forest lands. Tlus      Species, and special habitats Species to be given
practice may also be applied under certain cir-       special management emphasis in a given Man-
cumstances to areas where normal harvesting           agement Area are identified in the Management
would not be scheduled, such as semi-pnmitive         Area Direction Wildlife management emphasis
motonzed recreation areas                             is usually limited to a few species that repiesent
                                                      other species that occupy the same vegetation
It mvolves the use of the uneven-aged harvest         types Alternatively, management can focus on
methods hsted under Full Timber Management            specfic habitats (ripanan) or habitat elements
as well as mdivldual tree harvest by salvage and      (snags) Habitat requirements for wldhfe and
high-nsk sanitation Regeneration harvests are         fish species and descnptions of special habitats
not foreseen, but reforestation may be appropn-       or habitat elements are found in the Northeast
ate in some situations                                Interior Zone Habitat Capability Models
                                                      (Shimamoto a n d h r o l a 19811,a sample ofwhich
Tractor loggmg is most common Harvesting is           is gwen in Appendur 0
generally done on land that already has access,
so road construction is usually unnecessary           Threatened and Endangered
                                                      Species Habitat Management
                                                      This practice includes all activities necessary for
Visual Resource Management (VRM)                      the recovery of Threatened or Endangered spe-
                                                      cies It applies to all presently occupied areas
This practice involves application of design prin-    and potential habitat that is necessary t o meet
ciples t o the Forest landscape t o minimize visual   species’recovery goals Althoughthese practices
impact of any management activlty and thus            are for currently hsted species, they can be modi-
maintain the highest quality scenery possible         fied to include any species classified as Threat-
This is accomplished by modifymg timber man-          ened or Endangered in the future
agementpractices suchasclearcutsize andshape,
slash disposal, silvlcultural prescriptions, har-     a. Bald Eagle Practices to improve bald eagle
vest methods, and road locations Visual re-           habitat are appropnate silvlcultural treatments,
source management also includes the location          prescnbed burning, area closures, and other
and design of trails, roads, and structures and       structural and non-structural habitat improve-
the revegetation or other rehabilitation of vlsu-     ments that maintain or enhance nesting, perch-
ally unacceptable sites                               ing, and foragmg habitat Areas may be closed
                                                      between the onset of nesting and the fledgmg of
Visual resource management actions vary mth           young. Practices that improve the eagles’forage
the seventy of the activity and are guided by         base are gwen high prionty
Visual Quality Objectives (VQO’s) which are
specified for all areas of the Forest VQO’s           b. Peregrine Falcons Appropnate practices
descnbe the maxlmum acceptable vlsual change          are those that reduce disturbance dunng the
to the landscape due to management activlties in      nesting season, increase the diversity ofprey and
terms of observer perception Visual Quality           increase reproductive success Wetland develop-
Objectives define a minimum level ofvisual qual-      ment to increase prey in localized areas and nest
ity which Forest managers exceed where pos-           manipulation are used Eggs may be removed
sible. Visual Quality Objechves are specified in      from nests, incubated artificially, and young

E-8                                                     Appendm E-Management Practices
returned to nests to insure successful hatching of   types, n p a n a n habitat, and non-forested areas
pesticide-thinned eggs.                              in vanous stages of seral development is made
                                                     available Secunty habitat, charactenzed by
c. Shasta Crayfish Protection of cool, con-          dense stands of shrub tree cover and freedom
stant temperature, moderate flow, spnng-fed          from excessive human disturbance is provlded
streams from disturbance and siltation are ap-       For Management Areas where bears are an em-
propnate actions Extirpation ofnon-native cray-      phasis species, 3,000 to 5,000 acre areas are t o be
fish and reintroduction of Shasta crayfish may       managed to provide black bears habitat ac-
be appropriate in limited instances                  cording to these practices

d. Northern Spotted Owl Protection of habi-          d. M u l e Deer       Prescribed burning of
tat from disturbance (timber harvest, wildfire,      shrublands, modified livestock grazing, and
recreation development), special silvicultural       modified timber cutting on winter ranges are
treatments for early seral stands, and closure of    necessary to provide desirable winter foragmg
habitat areas t o woodcutting are appropnate         habitat for deer. Modification of reforestation
practices One Habitat ConservationArea (HCA)         and release activlties on fawning areas and
hasbeenidentified within the range ofthe north-      summer ranges are normally necessary to insure
ern spotted owl The HCA covers 9,548 acres on        high quality suitable habitat through time. Area
the Forest                                           road closures are often appropnate.

Harvest Species Habitat Management                   Within deer w n t e r ranges t o the extent biolog.1-
                                                     cally possible, at least 20 percent of the area is
Habitat improvement for harvest species usu-         managed t o provlde thermal cover and 20 per-
ally requires both capital investment and coo&-      cent to provide hiding cover. (‘‘Thermal cover”
nation w t h other resource uses. Structural and     consists of tree or shrub stands a t least 10 feet
non-structural habitat improvements are made         tall with a t least 60 percent or greater crown
t o create habitat configurations w t h the loca-    closure ) On summer ranges, a cover t o forage
tim, and interconnection of foragmg and cover        ratio between40%0 and60 40isprovided (Cover
habitat.                                             is defined as Wildhfe Habitat Relationship seral
                                                     stages 2B, 2C, 3B, 3C, 4A, 4B, and 5 as described
a, Mallard (Waterfowl) Construction of wa-           in FEIS Appendix U ) Escape cover is main-
ter impoundments and nesting islands, and coor-      tained, usually in 20 t o 40 acre units, around
dination w t h livestock grazing are used to im-     openings larger than five acres
prove waterfowl habitat. Since mallards select
nest sites prior to spring vegetation growth,        Within identified key fawning habitats (mead-
adequate amounts of residual vegetation from         ows, brushfields, and plantations on summer
the previous year must be maintained                 and intermediate ranges), motonzed use is mini-
                                                     mized between May 1and June 15 Low shrubs,
b. Gray Squirrel Silvicultural treatments            trees, and downed logs, preferably between two
and prescribed burning are used to perpetuate        and six feet tall, are maintained for fawning
mature oakhonifer stands and riparian decidu-        cover in these key areas
ous habitat Existing and potential den trees,
particularly oaks greater than 18inches in diam-     e. Pronghorn Antelope The main activities
eter, are protected. Dead and down wood is           t o improve pronghorn antelope habitat are pre-
retained as cover Some oaks are cut and allowed      scnbedburningor mechanical treatmentofsage-
to sprout to provide a continuous supply over        brush, range seeding, modified livestock graz-
time Thinning is used t o enhance sumval and         ing, and removing barriers to migration (fences).
mast production                                      Antelope require non-forested habitats composed
                                                     of forbs (10-30 percent ground cover), shrubs (5-
c. BlackBear Special silvlcultural treatments,       20 percent ground cover) and grasses (remaining
prescribed burning, and control of vehicular ac-     ground cover) Vegetation height should be 5-15
cess are necessary t o enhance black bear habitat    inches At least one source of water per square
A mixture of conifer stands, oak and hardwood        mile is desirable

Appendix E-Management Practices                                                                     E-9
OtherManagementIndicatorSpecies                      is desired Groups of a t least ten trees greater
and special
          Habitat Management                         than 30 inches diameter are maintained in each
                                                     nest area These trees are taller than 80 feet
                                                     Large snag densities in the home range are
This management practice includes all habitat
                                                     maintained a t greater than 0 5 per acre
imurovement actinties for special habitat types
or Management Indicator Species not mentioned
                                                     C. M a r t e n and Fisher Within marten and
above. This includes Sensitive plant species
                                                     fisher management areas, practices will main-
habitat management which involves all activi-
                                                     tain suitable habitat a t the moderate habitat
tiesnecessaryfor themaintenance, and where
                                                     capability level. Suitable habitat is character-
applicable, enhancement of Sensitive plant spe-
cies and their associated habitats. Intensity,       ized by dense (60-100 percent canopy), multi-
                                                     stoned, multi-species, climax forests mth a high
frequency, and tinnng of management actinties
                                                     number of large ( > 2 4 dbh) snags and down logs
to maintain or enhance Sensitive plant species is
                                                     Absence of roads is preferred No scheduled
outlined in individual species management
                                                     timber management will occur
gmdes. Animal species include osprey, pileated
woodpecker, hairy woodpecker, and marten
                                                     d. Goshawk Limited timber management that
Improvement actions are normally limited to
                                                     maintains dense (60-100 percent canopy clo-
minor structural habitat improvements, but in-
                                                     sure), multi-stoned, multi-species forest with
clude increased retention of snags, dead and
                                                     large trees ( > 2 4 dbh) and large snags is appro-
down wood, and npanan or hardwood vegeta-
                                                     pnate mthingoshawk management areas. These
tion Some specific requirements for the follow-
                                                     areas are maintained with mistletoe infections
ing species include
                                                     and malformed trees in order t o provlde nesting
                                                     habitat Anetworkof 113goshawkmanagement
a Osprey Within osprey nest areas, unau-
                                                     areas, each at least 50 acres in size, is mam-
thonzed motonzed use is prohibited during the
                                                     tamed across the Forest
nestme season - aumoximatelv March 15 to
August 15. Within exlsting and potential osprey
                                                     e. California Spotted Owl Forty SOHA's are
nestingareas,futurenesttreesare designatedor
                                                     mamtamed across the Forest mth each SOHA
recruited Nesting platforms a r e constructed
                                                     contaming 1,650 acres Not all SOHA's cur-
and maintained as needed
                                                     rently provlde 1,650 acres of suitable spotted
                                                     owl. Only those actinties that increase or main-
b. Pileated Woodpecker Where it is a n em-           tain suitable habitat are appropnate within
phasis species, approximately one p a r ofpileated
woodpeckers per square mile of potential habitat
                                                     SOHA's. Timber harvest is not scheduled in

E- 10                                                   Appendix E-Management Practices

Road Type Definitions                                  local roads and/ortemnal facilities. The location
                                                       and standard are influenced by long-term
These are the functional classification defini-        multiple-resource service needs as well as by
tions for the three types of Forest roads              travel efficiency. May be operated for either
                                                       constant or intermittent semce, depending on
Forest Arterial Road                                   land use and resource management objectives
                                                       for the area served by the facility. The road is
Provldes semce t o large land areas and usually
                                                       usually5 to 15mlesinlength. Theroadgenerally
connects mth public highways or other Forest
                                                       serves three or more local roads.
artenal roads to form a n integrated network of
pnmarytravel routes The location and standard
are often determined by mobility and efficiency        Forest Local Road
needs r a t h e r t h a n by specific resource         Connects terminal facilihes such as campgrounds
management service needs It is usually                 and timber harvest areas wth Forest collector or
developed and operated for long-term land and          Forest artenal roads, or public highways. The
resource management purposes and for constant          location and standard are usually controlled by a
semce                                                  specific resource activity rather than travel
                                                       efficiency. Forest local roads may be developed
Forest Collector Road                                  and operatedforeitherlong-or short-termservice
                                                       The road may be closed until a future activity
Serves smaller land areas than a Forest arterial
                                                       occurs or may be left open if on-going activities
road, andisnsually connectedto aForest artenal
or public highway Collects traffic from Forest
                                                       are necessary. The road is typically short m
                                                       length (less than five miles).

This chart summarizes the guidelines used to construct and maintain the different types of Forest roads.
                                           Functional Classification

                   Arterial                       Collector                      Local
Travel Speed:     Average 25+ mph             Average 10-35 mph            Average 1-20 mph
Lanes:            Generally 2 lanes           Generally 1 lane             Usually 1 lane, except
                                                                           for developed campgrounds.
Surface:          All Weather, generally      All weather, gravel          Vanes from gravel
                  asphalt or gravel           (cinders)or chip seal,       to native surface,
                  (cinders)                   sometimes asphalt            majonty native surface
Width             Typically 20-24 feet,       Typically 12-16feet          Typically 10-14 feet,
                  but some 1 lane with        with turnouts, usually       Turnouts usually not
                  intemsible turnouts         intervisibie.                intemsible or optional
Drainage:         Permanent, not to            Permanent, but may          Usually outsloped vvlth
                  impede traffic               impede traffic May          dips
                                               have some outslope
                                               and dips
Level*:               or
                  3,4, 5                           or
                                               3,4, 5                       1 -5
*See definitions in Appendix G

Appendix F-Road Type DeJnitions and Development Guidelines                                             F- 1
The follomng are definitions of the five levels of                          ADT should be used as a grude in determining
maintenance of Forest roads. See Figure G-1 for                             the maintenance level, but is not the sole cnte-
a companson of each level.                                                  non. A road may receive only one or two vehicles
                                                                            a day for most oftheyear, however, during a brief
Level 1 Roads are closed to traffic. This level                             penod such as hunting season, the road may
is basic custodial care as required to protect the                          receive 20 or 30 vehicles a day. Total traffic types
road investments and to see that damage to                                  and planned land use are important criteria for
adjacent land and resources is held to a mni-                               selecting maintenance level. The road is main-
mum. Level 1maintenance requires a n annual                                 tained for safe and moderately convenient travel
inspection to determine what work, if any, is                               suitable for passenger cars.
needed t o maintain drainage and keep the road
stable                                                                      Level 4 Roads are open to traffic. This level
                                                                              generally applies when use of a road is between
Leuel2 Roads are open to h m t e d tr&c. This                                 15ADT and 100 ADT. At this level, more consid-
level is used on roads where Forest management                                eration is given to the comfort of the user. These
activities require that the road be open for lim-                             roads are frequently surfaced mth aggregate
ited passage ofhigh clearance vehicles. Traffic is                            material, but some routes are paved.
minor, usually consistmg of one or a combination
of admimstrative use, pernutted use, or special-                            Leuel 5 Roads are open to traffic This level is
ized traffic. Level 2 reqmres the basic care of                               generally maintained for use of 100 ADT and
Level 1                                                                       greater Roads in this category include both
                                                                              paved and aggregate surfaces. Safety and com-
Level 3 Roads are open to traffic. This level is                              fort are important considerations. Abrupt
used on roads that are open for public traffic, and                           changes in maintenance will be posted to warn a
generally applies when use does not exceed 15                                 traveler until these deficiencies are corrected.
vehicles per day average daily traffic (ADT).

     Maintenance Level    I               1                        2                             3            I         4                  5

 I                        I   In aecordanee wh Land Management Objectives, pmvlde far the protechon of mvestment, envlmnment,
                              adjacent resources, and user safety

     Operational Status       Closed- NIA or            Constant Semce or Intermittent Semee - Open Status (Some uses may be restricted
                              Intemttent Semce -        under 36 CFR 261 50)
                              Closed Status
     Traffic Type             Open far                  Admmnistratlve.              All Natmnal Forest Traffic-General Use,Commmal Haul
                              nan-motonzed uses         permitted, dispersed
                              Closed to motonzed        recreation,
                              traffic                   specialized,mmar
                                                        commercial haul

     Vehicle Type
                          I          - NIA
                                                        High clearance,
                                                        pick-up, 4x4, etc
                                                                                     All trpes - pB88enger cars to large c o m e m a 1 trucks

     Traffic Volume           Closed - N/A              Traffic volume increases w t h mslntenmce level
     surface Type             All types                 Nahve                        Natlve aggregate             Aggregate        Aggregate dust
                                                                                                                                   abated - paved
 I Travel Speed           I Closed - N/A            I Travel speed increases mth maintenance level
 I   User Camfort and
                              Closed - NIA          I   Not a consideration      I   Law Pnalnty              I   Moderate
                                                                                                                               I   €hghF’nonty

     Functional               Closed - local,           Local, minor collector       h a l , collector,           LaCd,            L a d , collector,
     Classficahon             collector, artend                                      artend                       collectar,       artenal

Appendix &Road                       Maintenance Levels                                                                                          G- 1

This appendix descnbes (1) Plan's fire man-
                             the                    5 The expected annual extent of mldfire by
agement program, (2) the fire management ef-        decade for five decades, by intensity, is shown in
fectiveness index, (3)the program's implementa-     Table H-2.
tion, (4) annual fuel treatment, (5) expected
annual acres burned by mldfire.

1 The selected fire management program in this      Table H-1
Plan requires suppression emphasis with an
increase of 20 percent from the 1991budget The      Annual Fuel Treatment by Benefiting
Forest fire management organization with a 20       Resource (Acres)
percent lngher budget is'
                                                    Decade    Fire Timber       Range       Total
  '6 prevention patrol units                                  Mgmt Mgmt         Wildlife
  0 9 engine crews                                                              Mgmt
  - 6 fixed lookouts
                                                      1      1,150    3,600      1,300     6,050
    120-person inter-Regmnal Hotshot Crew
                                                      2      1,150    3,500      1,300     5,950
    1hehcopter with initial attack crew               3      1,150    3,500      1,300     5,950
    1air attack plane                                 4      1,150    3,300      1,300     5,750
    1mr tanker                                        5      1,150    3,200      1,300     5,650

2 The fire management effectiveness index
(FMEI)is a relative measure of mldfire suppres-
sion effectiveness of the fire management orga-
nization. It is calculated by the equation:
                                                    Table H-2

FMEI = Annual (FFP + FFF + NVC) - FI                Expected Average Annual Acres
                   NFAP                             Burned by Wildfire

Where FFP = the forest fire protection costs, FFF
=the fire fighting costs, NVC =net value change,    Fire       Annual Burned Acres (by decade)
FI = fuels investment, and NFAP = National          Intensity
                                                    Class     1      2      3     4       5
Forest acres protected.
                                                     1        380    410      436   450    439
The FMEI for the 1982 budget was 1.74. The           2         91     98      105   108    105
FMEI for the fuels management emphasis with          3          8      8        9     9      9
20 percent more budget (proposed Plan) is also       4        228    246      262   269    263
174                                                  5          8      8        9     9      9
                                                     6         45     92       52    54     53
3 The Fire Management Action Plan, to be
prepared, m11 guide implementation of the se-       Total     760    862      873   899    878
lected fire management program.

4 The proposed annual extent of fuel treatment
by prescribed fire through five decades is shown
in Table H-1

Appendix H-Ere        Management Program                                                         H- 1

This appendix lists areas withdrawn from m n -      3.      Areas Where Surface
era1 leasing, areas or conditions for whch the              Occupancy H s The
Forest m11 recommend stipulations of no surface
occupancy, and areas where surface occupancy                Potential To Conflict
has the potential to conflict m t h emsting uses.           With Existing Uses:
Exploration, development, and production phases
are included. The cntena apply to the entire        a    Pacific Crest or National Recreation Trail
Forest and are, therefore, general and subject to        - 200 feet therefrom for exploration and
modification in specific cases Additional local-             development
ized cnteria should be considered and recom-             - l/2 m l e therefrom for production
mended to meet site-specific mitigation needs
Criteria for a recommendation to deny lease         b    Scenic and Recreation segments of desig-
applications are listed in the Forest Standards          nated Wild and Scemc River Comdors.
and Guidelines
                                                    C    Bald eagle nesting habitat
1.      Areas Withdrawn From                             - within 0.3 mile of potential nest sites
        Mineral Leasing:                                 - within 0.5 mile from active nests
                                                    d    Peregnne falcon nesting habitat
a. Wildernesses                                          - mthin 1mile of potential nest sites.
                                                         - m t h m 2 miles of active nests
b. Wild nver corridors in the Wild and Scenic
   River Systems                                    e    Golden eagle nesting habitat
                                                         - within 0.3 mile of potential nest sites
C    Eagle Lake Planning Area (proposed with-            - within 0 5 mile of active nests
                                                    f.   Prairie falcon nestmg habitat
2.      Recommend No Surface                             - withm 0 3 mile of potential nest sites
        Occupancy (NSO) For:                             - within 0 5 mile of active nests
a. Areas used in the practice of traditional        g    Spotted owl terntories
   Amencan Indian religons (sacred areas).               - wthin delineated suitable habitat
                                                         - mthin 0.25 m l e of active nest groves
b. Expenmental Forests.
                                                    h    Goshawk nesting habitat
C    Research Natural Areas.                             - within 0.25 of potential nest sites
                                                         - within 0 25 of active nests.
d. Areas mth known populations of Sensitive
   plants.                                          1.   Osprey active nest within 0 25 mile during

                                                         nesting season
e. Proposed Wildernesses
                                                    J.   Marten and fisher habitat     - within   delin-
                                                         eated suitable habitat

                           ~    ~~~~~          ~~

Appendix I-Mineral Lease Stipulation Criteria                                                        I- 1
k    Lakes, wetlands, shorelines - 300yard there-       s. Streams andlakes with significant dispersed
     from.                                                 recreation use - within 1 4 mile

1.   Areas of significant geological hazards            t. Interpretive sites - 1/4mile therefrom for
                                                           exploration and development, 1 2mle there-
m. Areas of highly erosive soil and slope condi-           from for production.
                                                        u. Dispersed recreation sites - mthin 1/2m l e
n. Major highways - within foreground n e w                for production.
                                                        v. Wilderness trails and trailheads - 1/2mile
o    Major recreation travel routes - m t h i n fore-      therefrom.
     ground view zones
                                                        w Special Interest Areas.
p. Developed campgrounds - mthin 1 mile dur-
   ing summer.                                          x. National Natural Landmarks

q. Summer home tracts - “chin 1mile dunng               y    Sem-Pnmitive non-motonzed areas
                                                        z.   Semi-Pnmitive motorized areas
r    Organization camps - within 1 mile dunng
     summer.                                            aa Old growth retention areas

1-2                                          Appendix I-Mineral Lease Skppulation Criteria
             SPECTRUM (ROS)

The Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (ROS) is          and guidebooks. Typical actinties include hiking,
a system for classifymg and managmg recre-            cross-country skiing, horseback riding, canoeing,
ation opportunities based on the following            hunting, and fishing The compatible visual
critena physical setting, social setting, and         quality objective is Retention For specific
managenal setting The combination of the              management standards and guidelines, see the
three critena result in six different ROS Classes     Semi-Primitive Non-Motorized Prescnption
which can bnefly be described as follows
Primitive                                             Motorized
The area is 3 miles or more from roads and trails     The area is 1/2 mile from roads or trails with
with motorized use and generally 5,000 acres or       motorized use and generally 2,500 to 5,000 acres
greater in size. The setting is essentially an        in size There is strong evidence of roads and
unmodified natural environment with some              motorized use of roads and trails Access roads
evidence of trails Motorized use is prohibited.       are usually Maintenance Level 1or 2 local roads
The social setting provides for less than 6 parties   The natural setting may have moderately
encountered on trails and less than 3 parties         dominant alterations, but would not draw the
visible from camp sites. Capacities range from        attention of motonzed observers Structures are
0 5 to 1 0 RVD/acre/year On-site controls are         rare and isolated Recreation sites maybe Devel-
extremely limited with most regulation                opment Level 1or 2. The social setting provldes
accomplished off-site Typical activities include      for a low to moderate contact mth other parties
hking, canoeing, fishing, hunting, and camping        Capacity ranges from 15 t o 2 5 RVD’s/acre/year
The compatible visual quality ObjeCiWe is             On-site controls are present, but subtle Inter-
Preservation This class is currently found only       pretation is through very limited on-site facih-
in the most remote portion of the Caribou             ties alongmthuse ofmaps, brochures, andguide
Wilderness adjacent t o Lassen VolcanicNational       hooks Typical activities include OHV tour-
Park All mldernesses, however, are managed            ing, snowmobile, hiking, cross-country ski-
to provlde a primitive recreational experience        ing, canoeing, hunting, and fishing The com-
                                                      patible visual quality objectives are Retention
Semi-primitive                                         and Partial Retention. For specific management
Non-Motorized                                          standards and guidelines, see the Semi-Pnmi-
                                                      tive Motorized Prescription
The area is 1/2 mile from roads or trails with
motorized use and generally exceeds 2,500 to          Roaded Natural
5,000 acres i n size unless contiguous t o
wilderness There is little endence ofroads The        The area is 1/2 mile or less from roads and trails
area is closed to motorized travel. Access roads      open to motonzed use Resource modifications
are Maintenance Level 1. The natural setting          and utilization practices are endent, but harmo-
may have subtle modifications that would be           nize with the natural environment Roads may
noticed, but would not draw the attention of an       be Maintenance Levels 2 t o 5 Recreation sites
observer in the area Structures are rare and          may be Development Level 2 to 4. The social
isolated The social setting provides for 6 to 15      setting provides for moderate to high frequency
parties encountered per day on trails and 6 or        of contact on roads and low t o moderate fre-
less parties vlsible at camp sites Capacityranges     quency on trails away from roads Capacity
from 2 to 3 RVD’slacrel year On-site controls are     ranges from 10 t o 20 RVD’slacrelyear On-site
present, but subtle Interpretation is through         user controls are noticeable, but harmonize with
self discovery with some use of maps, brochures,      the natural environment Typical actinties in-

Appendix J-Recreakon            Opportunity Spectrum (ROS)                                         J- 1
clude, but are not limited t o hiking, cross-coun-   contact Capacity is estimated a t 75 RVD’s/acre/
try skiing, downhill sluing, power boating, snow-    year Recreation sites may be Development
mobiles, O W tounng, trailer camping, hunting,       Level 3-5 Controls and regulations are obvlous
and fishing The compatible visual quality ObJeC-     and law enforcementvlsible Interpretation may
tives are Partial Retention or Modification          be through more complex wayside exhibits in-
                                                     cludmg small lighted structures Typical activi-
                                                     ties or facilities include, but are not limited to
Rural                                                camping, fishing, information centers, conve-
                                                     nience stores, resorts, mannas, and downhill ski
The natural envlronment is substantially modi-       areas The compatible visual quality ObJeCtiVeS
fied to the point that developments are dominant     are Modification or Maximum Modification.
to the sensitive travel route observer Structures
are readily evldent and may range from scat-
tered t o small dominant clusters Pedestnan or       Urban
otherslowmovlngobservers are constantlywthm
view of culturally changed landscapes. The so-       Does not occur on this Forest
cial setting provldes for moderate to high visitor

5-2                               Appendix J-Recreatwn Opportunity Spectrum (ROS]

Development ROS Class    Environmental Modification            Recreational Experiences

1            Pnmtive       Minimum site modification          Pnmtive forest envlronment is
                           Rustic orruhmentary mprove-        dominant. Rudimentary and
                           ments designed for protection      isolated development sites be-
                           of the site rather than comfort    yond the sight or sound of m-
                           of the users. Use of synthetic     harmonious influences M w -
                           matenals avoided. Minimum          mum opportumtyfor expenenc-
                           controls are subtle No obvlous     mg solitude, testing shlls, and
                           means of regmentation Spac-        compensating for the routines
                           ing informal and extended to       of daily hvmg User senses no
                           m n i m z e contacts wth others    regmentahon Feelmgofphysi-
                           Motonzed access not provlded       cal achievement m reachmg site
                           or permitted                       is important

2            Semi-         Little site modification Rustic    Little site modification Rustic
             Primtive      or rudimentary improvements        or rudimentary improvements
             Motonzed,     designed for protection of the     designed for protection of the
             Sem-          site rather than comfort of the    site rather than comfort of the
             Pnmtive       users Use of synthetic mate-       users Use of synthetic mate-
             Non-          nals avoided. Mimmum               nals avoided Mimmum
             Motorized     controls are subtle Little         controls are subtle Little
                           obvlous regimentation              obvlous regimentation.
                           Spaclng informal and ex-           Spacing informal and ex-
                           tended t o minimze contacts        tended to minimize contacts
                           wth others Motonzed access         w t h others Motonzed access
                           provlded or permitted Pn-          provlded or permitted Pn-
                           mary access over pnmtive           mary access over pnmitive
                           roads                              roads.

3            Roaded        Site modification moderate Fa-     Forest environment is essen-
             Natural       cilities about equal for protec-   tially natural Important that a
                           tion ofsite and comfort of users   degree of solitude is combmed
                           Contemporary/ rustic design of     w t h some opportumty to so-
                           improvements is usually based      ciahzewth others Controls and
                           on use of native matenals In-      regimentation provided for
                           conspicuous vehicular traffic      safety and well-being of user
                           controls usually provided          are sufficiently obvlous to af-
                           Roads may be hard surfaced         ford a sense of security, but
                           and trmls formalized Develop-      subtle enough to leave the taste
                           ment density about 3 family        of adventure
                           units per acre. Pnmary access
                           to site may be over high stan-
                           dard well-traveled roads In-
                           terpretive semces, if available,
                           are informal and incidental

Appendix K-Recreation Management Development Levels                                      K- 1
    Development ROS Class   Environmental Modification            Recreational Experiences

    4            Rural        Site heavily modlfied Some fa-     Forest environment is pleasing
                              cihhes designed strictlyfor com-   and attractwe, but not neces-
                              fort and convenience of users,     sanly natural. Blending of op-
                              but luxury facilities not pro-     portunities for solitude and so-
                              vided Facilitydesignsmaytend       cializmgmth others. Testing of
                              toward and incorporate syn-        outdoor skills on site mostlylim-
                              thetic matenals Extensive use      ited to camping activlty Many
                              of artificial surfacmg of roads    user comforts available Con-
                              and trails.Vehcular trafficcon-    trast t o daily livlng routmes is
                              trols present and usually obvi-    moderate Invltes marked sense
                              ous Primaryaccessusuallyover       of secunty
                              pavedroads Development den-
                              sity 3 to 5 famly umts per acre
                              Plant matenals usually native.
                              Visitor Information Services
                              frequently available


    K-2                  Appendix K-Recreation Management Deuelopment Levels


A. Trail and Trailhead ConstructionlReconstruction
The Forest's trail construction and reconstruction goal is 35 miles per decade The following are
potential trails and trailhead construction projects by Ranger Distnct Priorities may shift due to
additional demand and site information as well as budget allocations

Almanor District:

       Trail Name                       .
                                       &@               Trailheads

       1    TrailLake                      05        1 Snowmobile (2)
       2    Ishi Wilderness               15         2 Doming0 Springs
       3    StarLake                       1         3. Deer Creek-Ishi
       4    Lower Mill                     1         4 Black Rock-Ishi
       5.   LottsLake                      1         5 Humbug-PCT
       6.   PCT to Sunflower Flat          1         6 Humbolt-PCT
       7    Henry's Flat-OHV bypass        1         7. PCT-Highway 36
       8    Battle Creek                   25
       9    BlueLake                       2
       10   Heart Lake Expansion           2
       11   Cross country ski            -

Eagle Lake District:

       Trail Name                      Miles         Trailheads

       1. Homer Lake Trail                  08       1 Homer Lake Trailhead
       2 Crater Mountain Trail             15        2. Snowmobile (2)
       3 Eagle Lake Trails                35         3 Rails t o Trails a t
       4 Fredonyer, Willard Creek,
        .                                                 a. Goumaz
           Coppervale, Bogard               7             b Mason Station
           (X-Country Ski)               -           4 EagleLake
                                          44 3

Hat Creek District:

       Trail Name                      &             Trailheads

       1 Twm Lakes-Durbin Lake        2              1 Cypress Camp-1000 Lakes
       2 Crater Peak-Bunchgrass       3              2 Heart Lake-Digger Creek
       3 RockCreek                    1              3 Tamarack-1000 Lakes
       4 Spattercone Crest Expansion _2

Appendix L-Recreation Constructzon ProJectsand PnontEes                                      L- 1
Total potential trail construction for all Distncts is 87 3 miles The total number of trailheads for all
Distncts is     Reconstruction miles are determined by trail condition inventones. Additional m l e s
of O W routes will be added to the trail system primarily from the existing road system. Construction
for OHV routes is expected to be minimal.

B. Recreation Facility Construction Projects
The follomng is a list of the high prionty recreation construction projects. The Forest’s goal is to
complete a t least three high prionty projects in the first decade. Projects to be proposed for the first
decade are (a) Hat Creek Group Campground, and (b) Almanor Beach and Campground Expansion
and (e) Bogard Rest Stop Informatiodnterpretive Center

        Almanor Distnct

          1     Lake Almanor Complex Campground Expansion & Day Use Area Development
          2     Elam Creek Interpretive Site
          3     Gurnsey Creek Campground Rehabilitation
          4     Prattville Group Camp Area
          5     Gathers Campground
          6     Mill Creek Campground
          7     Day Use Area-Highway 89 and Super Ditch
          8     Echo Lake Day Use Area
          9     Willow Lake Day Use Area
         10.    Fleishmann Lake Campground
         11     Hole-in-the-Ground Campground Expansion
         12     Lower Deer Creek Rest Area
         13     Colby Meadows Recreation Complex

        E a d e Lake District

           1    Bogard Rest Stop Infofinterpretive Center
           2    Mernll Campground Reconstruction
           3    Christie Campground Expansion
           4.   Eagle Lake Campground Expansion
           5    West Eagle Group Campsites
           6    Goumaz Crossing Campground
           I    Eagle Lake Infofinterpretive Center
           8.   Butte Creek Campground Improvement

                Hat Creek Group Campground
                Hat Creek Amphitheater
                Bndge Day Use Expansion
                Upgrade Hat Creek Valley Campgrounds
                Highway 44 Vista PoinMnterpretive Stop Replacement
                Spattercone Crest Geologx Picmc & Parking
                Deep Hole Crater Interpretive/Day Use Site
                CCC Ponds Fishing Day Use Area
                Lassen Visitor Center

L-2                       Appendix L-Recreahon ConstructionProjects and Priorihes

This appendlx explains the timber stratification    3.     Ecological Considerations
process-how timber types were grouped into
timber strata on this Forest Stratification is      a mmber types are grouped differently into
done to facilitate analysis of a reasonable num-    each timber stratum to reflect different ecolog-
ber of land units that respond similarly to
                                                    cal condkions. For example, ponderosa pine
management prescriptions                            stands in the northeastern part of the Forest,
                                                    which have different charactenstics than those
1.     Background                                   in the western part, went into the eastside pon-
                                                    derosa pine type Westside ponderosa pine went
Timber types are relatively homogeneous             into the m e d conifer type
vegetative units that were delineated on 1978
aenal photographs Timber type labels consist of     b Since lodgepole pine makes up only five per-
one or two species codes, a size class, and a       cent of the commercial timber acreage, all lodge-
density class An estimated 700 to 900 unique        pole timber types are combined into one stratum
timber types were differentiated on the Forest
Their stratification into homogeneous response      4.     Stratification Results
umtsis necessaryfor efficient inventory sampling
and yeld table development and use
                                                    Figure M-1 shows how the commercial timber
                                                    types (mixed conifer, eastside pine, red fir, and
2.     Procedure                                    lodgepole pine) were combinedintotimber strata.
a Aggregate timber types by donnnant species
t o form major types (e g mixed conifer, red fir)

b. Combine the four density classes of timber
types into two classes. greater than 40 percent
crown cover and less than 40 percent crown

c. In general combine medium and large saw-
timber into one size class and small sawtimber
and poles into another size class. (This part of
the stratlfication procedure is initially done in
the field )

Appendix M-llmber Stratijkation                                                                M- 1
     Figure M-1
     Stratification of Timber Types
                                                 Eastside Pine

                    Applies only to eastside map numbers 1-9, 12-15, 17-24,32-45,55,56, and 99
                             mth type labels begmmng mth PP, PPLC, PPLP, and PPSP
                                                          Crown Closure:
                                               and      P-Poor
                                                        20.39%    I
                                                                      N-Not Fully Stocked
                                                                                              and   G-Good
     Size Class:
     1 - SaDlines                                                P1X
                                               P2P                I                   P2G

     3 - Small Sawtimber
     4 - Mehum Sawtimber                       P4P                                    P4G
     5 - Large Sawtimber
     6 - Two-stoned                             NIA                                    P6
                                                 Mixed Conifer
                        Applies t o any timber type label begnning m t h WF, SP, DF, and PP
                                        (except as noted above for eastside p i e )
II                                                        Crown Closure:
                                               and      P-Poor
                                                                  I   N-Not Fully Stocked
                                                                                              and   G-Good
                                                                                                     70% +
     Size Class:
     1 - Saplings                                                MlX
     2 - Poles                                 M3P                                    M3G
     3 - Small Sawtimber
1    4 - Medium Sawtimber
     5 - Laree Sawtimber
                                               M4P                                    M4G

     6 - Two-stoned                             NIA                                    M6

                                                      Red Fir
                                  Applies to any label begmning w t h R F and MH

                                                          Crown Closure:
                                   S-Sparse    and      P-Poor        N-Not Fully Stocked     and   G-Good
                                    10-19%              20-39%              40-69%                  70% +
     Size Class:
     1 - Saplings                                                R1X
     2 - Poles
                                               R3P                                    R3G
     3 - Small Sawtimber

     Note All lodgepole pine timber types are aggregated into the LPX stratum

M-2                                                             Appendix M-Timber StratJcahon

This appendix briefly descnbes visual quality         However, actinties of vegetative and land form
objectives                                            alteration must borrow from naturally estab-
                                                      lished form, line, color, or texture so completely,
Definitions                                           and a t such a scale, that its vlsual characteristics
                                                      are those of natural occurrences within the sur-
Visual Quality Objectives are standards for the       rounding area or character type. Reduction in
visual management of all Forest lands They            form, line, color, and texture contrast to meet
have been assigned to each acre of the Forest         modification should be accomplished in the first
based on the public’s concern for scenic quality as   year
well a s diversity of natural features. For a
descnption of the process used to arnve a t these     Maximum Modification (MM) - Management
objectives, see the FEIS Visual Resource, Af-         activities of vegetative and landform alterations
fected Environment, Chapter 3 There are five          may dominate the charactenstic landscape
                                                      However, when viewed as background, the vi-
visual quality objectives preservation, reten-        sual characteristics must be those of natural
tion, partial retention, modification, and maxi-      occurrences within the surrounding area orchar-
mum modification                                      actertype. When viewed as foreground ormiddle-
                                                      ground, they may not appear to borrow from
Preservation (P)
               -This allows e c o l o g d changes     naturally established form, line, color, or tex-
only. Most management activities are prohib-          ture Alterations may also be out of scale or
ited Trails, trail bridges, and other trail related   contain detail t h a t is incongruent with natu-
improvements are designed and located to be           ral occurrences a s seen in foreground or
visually unobtrusive.                                 middleground Reduction of contrast to meet
                                                      maximum modification should be accomplished
Retention fR) -Management activities result in        within five years
a natural appearing landscape Activities may
occur, but are not visually evident to the casual     Meeting Visual
observer Activities repeat form, line, color, and
texture found frequently in the chatactenstic         Quality Objectives
landscape. Changes in the qualities of size,
amount, intensity, direction, and pattern should      Many of the design pnnciples used to develop
not be evldent Reduction in form, line, color, and    visual quality objectives can also be used on
texture contrast t o meet retention should be         project level activities t o minimize impacts and
accomplished either dunng operation or imme-          help meet the visual quality objective General
diately after                                         guidelines for meeting retention and partial re-
                                                      tention are found in theview Prescnption Modi-
                                                      fication and Maximum Modification VQO guide-
Partial Retention (PR) Management activi-             lines are found in the Timber Prescnption More
ties remain visually subordinate to the charac-       detailed guidance is found in the visual resource
teristic landscape Activities and structuresmay       management handbooks
repeat form, line, color, or texture common to the
charactenstic landscape, and may also intro-              USDA Handbook Number 462, National
duce form, line, color, or texture which are found    Forest Landscape Management Volume 2
infrequently or not a t all in the characteristic     Chapter 1, The Visual Management System
landscape Reduction in form, line, color, and
texture contrast to meet partial retention should         USDA Handbook Number 559, National
be accomplished as soon after project completion      Forest Landscape Management Volume 2
as possible or a t a minimum within the first year    Chapter 5 , Timber

Modification (M) -Management activities may               USDA Handbook Number 434, National
dominate the original landscape                       Forest Landscape Management Volume 1

Appendvc N-VLsual Qualdy Objectives                                                                   N- 1
Contents                              Page
                                                   The models define High, Medium, and Low habi-
   Introduction                                    tat Capability “High” describes preferred habi-
   Bald Eagle                                      tat that exceeds minimum requirements for spe-
   Black Bear                                      cies viability “Medium”descnbes the minimum
   BuMehead                                        habitat t o meet species vlabihty needs. “LOW”
   Canada Goose                                    describes margmal habitat that species can use,
   Fisher                                          but it will not permit their successful reproduc-
   Goshawk                                         tion.
   Hairy Woodpecker                    10
   Mallard                             11          Wherever Management Area Direction empha-
   Marten                              13          sizes a species, species group, o r special habitat,
   Mule Deer                           14          management will provlde for High or Medium
   Osprey                              15          habitat capability for that species or species
   Peregrine Falcon                    16          group It is assumed that by providing these
   Pileated Woodpecker                 17          habitat charactenstics, vlability of populations
   Pronghorn Antelope                  18          dependent on these charactenstics will be guar-
   Rainbow Trout                       19          anteed
   Spotted Owl                         20
   SteelheacUChinook Salmon            21          Habitat Capability Models are based on informa-
   Western Gray Squirrel               23          tion found in professional literature, the profes-
   Snags                               24          sionaljudgement of species authonties, and the
                                                   judgement of Forest Semce and other agency
Introduction                                       biologmts. Models represent the best informa-
                                                   tion available to date and are updated as better
This appendix lists the Forest’s 18 wildlife and   information becomes available
fish Management Indicator Species (MIS) and
Wildlife Habitat Capability Models for each of     Habitat capability Models are used as the basis
them Models are alsoincluded for Canadagoose       forbroad level Forest planning and more specific
and snag habitat because they are referenced       project level planning, implementation, and
several times in the Standards and Guidelines in   evaluation. When Management Area Direction
Chapter 4 Canada goose is not a Management         emphasizes particular species, objectives for de-
Indicator Species Models for most of these         sired habitat conditions are based on these mod-
species are found in Fish and Wildlife Habitat     els In addition, habitat charactenstics defined
Capability Models and Special Habitat Criteria     in the models help develop project design, man-
for the Northeast Zone National Forests, edited    agement prescriptions, and mitigation require-
by Shimamoto and h r o l a (1981). These models    ments In essence, the models are the standards
are available in the Planning Records.             upon which management decisions are based

        Management Indicator Species for the Lassen National Forest are:

           Bald Eagle             H a r y Woodpecker           Pileated Woodpecker
           Black Bear             Mallard                      Pronghorn Antelope
           Bufflehead             Marten                       Rainbow Trout
           Chinook Salmon         Mule Deer                    Spotted Owl
           Fisher                 Osprey                       Steelhead Trout
           Goshawk                Peregrine Falcon             Western Gray Squirrel

Appendix 0-Wildlije       Habitat Capabthty Models for MIS                                       0-1
 BALD EAGLE                                         LIFESTAGE ALL
 SEASON(S) Spnng and Summer                         AREA Northern Califorma
                                                     HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                               (Sutable*)                           (Unsutable*)
                                   HIGH                    MEDIUM                        LOW
  HABITAT VARIABLE               (Preferred)              (Required**)                 (Margmal)
 Vegetation Types and      ponderosa pine 4A, 5     red fir 4A, 5              red fir 4B, 4C
 Successional stages       mured comfer 4A, 5       lodgepole pine 3A, B, C    lodgepole pine 4A, B, C
 51, 61                    eastside pine 4A,5       pine-jumper 4A             black oak
                           nuxed evergreen 4A       ponderosa pine 4B          eastside pine 4C
                                                    mlxed comfer 4B            mxed conifer 4C
                                                    mured evergreen 4B         mxed evergreen 4C
 Nest Tree                 dominant ponderosa       dominant ponderosa         other tree species
                           pine, Jeffrey pine or    pine, Jeffrey pine, or
                           sugar pine, > 38"        sugar pine, 28-38"
                           D B H large limbs,       DBH, large limbs, open
                           open crown               crown
 Pilot Trees               2-3 snags or spike top   2-3 snags or spike top     c2 snagslacre>l6" DBH
                           treeslacre witlnn 114    trees or open canopy
                           mile of the nest, of     live treeslacre mthin
                           which 1snag is > 2 4     114 mile of the nest,
                           DBH                      > 1 6 DBH
 Food Supply               Abundant supply of cold and warm-water fish         Trout
                           and/or waterfowl
 Distance from nest tree   <1/2 miles               112 - 1mile                > 1mile
 to food supply

 Disturbance               Frequent foot traflic,   Frequent foot traffic,     Frequent foot traffic,
                           vehicular rraffic        vehicular traffic and/or   vehicular traffic andlor
                           and/or loggng >1/2       logging 114 to L 2 mile    loggmg <1/4 mile from
                           mile from nest.          from nest. January to      nest, January to
                           January to August        August                     Auyst
 Nest Temtory
      Prcmary Zone         >300 acres               40-300 acrcs               <40 acres
      Secondary Zone       The size will be determined by local topography     4 0 acres
                           and resulting visibility from the nest As a
                           minimum, 30 acres should he included in the
                           secondary zone
 Elevation                 ~ 6 0 0 feet
                                   0                6000-7400 feet             > 7400 feet

0-2                          Appendix O-Wikll$e Habitat Capability Models for MIS
  BLACK BEAR                                     LIFESTAGE ALL
  SEASONW AU                                     AREA Northern California
                                                  HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                             (Suitable*)                      (Unsutable*)
                                 HIGH                  MEDIUM                      LOW
     HABITAT VARIABLE          (Prefemed)             (Required**)              (Margmal)

  Year-Round Vegetation     coniferous forests, except subalpine forest    subalpine forest
  Key Seasonal Vegetation
      Spring - Summer       meadow and n p a n a n areas
      Summer - Fall         montane shrub mth a h g h proportion of
                            manzamta and Prunus species (for bemes)
     Fall                   oak woodlands (for acorns)
  Den Sites                 caves, uprooted trees, boulder crevlces, log
                            piles, hollow logs
  Dead and Down             30-40 tondacre       20-30- tondacre of        4 0 or >40 of   IO+"
                            of lo+" sound        lo+" sound wood and       sound wood and 3+"
                            wood and 3+"         3+" rotten wood (265%     rotten wood ( ~ 6 5 %
                            rotten wood          in lo+" sound wood)       in lo+" sound wood)
                            (>65% in IO+"
                            sound wood)
  Road Density              4 2 mdsq mi          112 - 5 mdsq mi           >5 n d s q mi
  Year-Round Home Range
     Adult male             1-4sq mi             4-1Osq mi                 >IO sq mi
     Adult female           1-4 sq mi            4-6 sq mi                 > 6 s q mi
     Female wcth cubs       1-2 sq mi            2-5 sq mi                 >5sq mi
      Sub-adult             1-8 sq mi            8-10 sq mi                >1Osq mi

Appendix 0-Wildlue Habitat Capability Models for MIS                                              0-3
 BUFFLEHEAD                                      LIFE STAGE Nesting and Broodreanng
 SEASON(S): April through July                   AREA Northeastern California
                                                 HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                           (Suitable*)                             (Unsuitable*)
                                HIGH                    MEDIUM                         LOW
 HABITAT VARLABLE             (Prefemed)               (Reqmred**)                  (Margmal)

 Nesting and            Permanent or             Permanent or                 Lakes less than 8000
 Broodreanng            ephemeral lakes less     ephemeral lakes less         R elevation wth
                        than 8000 ft elevation   than 8000 ft elevation       moderate to high
                        m t h substantial        w t h moderate snag          levels of human
                        numbers (>5/acre) of     densities (1.5 - 5 per       disturbance, less than
                        snags within 2 0 0 of    acre) mh 1/8 mile
                                                         t m                  15 snagdacre w t h i n
                        the shoreline,           of the shoreline and         1/8 mile of the
                        abundant aquatic         abundant aquatic             shor elme
                        invertebrate             invertebrate
                        populations, and mm-     populations
                        imum high speed

 Nestmg Cover           Large snags (216)        Snags (S16")m t h            Large snags w t h
                        with smtable canties     suitable canties             suitable canties
                        interspersed mth live    m t h i n l/8 mile of the    greater than 1/8mile
                        timber mthin 200 feet    shoreline of sutable         from a suitable lake
                        of the shoreline of a    lake
                        sutable lake
                        Manmade nest boxes
                        attached to trees
                        within 200 feet of a
                        lake shoreline

 Forage Needs           Shallow lakes w t h      Lakes with moderate          Lakes that have low
                        abundant                 macroinvertebrate            densities of
                        macroinvertebrate        populations, often           macroinvertebrates,
                        populations, and low     mth s i p f i c a n t fish   often m t h sigmfkant
                        fish densities           populations                  fish populations
 Water Management       Little or no             Minor fluctuation of         Moderate to high
                        fluctuation of water     water level througout        fluctuations of water
                        levels throughout the    the nesting season           level dunng nesting
                        nesting season                                        season
 Disturbance            Little or no human       Low recreation use of        Heavy recreational
                        disturbance in nesting   shorelme/nesting             use in nestmg and
                        areas                    areas dunng all              broodreanng areas
                                                 phases of nesting and

0-4                       Appendix G-Wddlife Habitat Capability Models for MIS
  CANADA GOOSE                                           LIFE STAGE Nesting and Broodreanng
  SEASONW Spnng                                          AREA Northern California
                                                        HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                  (Suitable*)                            (Unsuitable*)
                                      HIGH                     MEDIUM                        LOW
    HABITAT VARIABLE                (Preferred)               (Required**)                 (Margmal)

      Wetland Type and Size   Ponds z 50 acres,          Ponds 20-50 acres,          Ponds 4 0 acres,
                              marshes >50 acres,         marshes 20-50 acres,        marshes <20 acres,
                              nvers                      nvers                       creeks
     Nest sites               Elevated nest sites in     Same as high, except        Few elevated nest sites
                              water, at densities of 1   density of sites is 1site   which are located
                              site per 3-10 surface      per 1-15 surface acres      adjacent to open
                              acres of water, spaced     of water Some sites         water
                              9200 feet apart, and       are located on the
                              >50 feet from shore        shoreline
                              (Sites include natural or man-made island, metal tubs, muskrat houses,
                              etc )
      Water Management        Mammum water levels        Maxlmum water levels        Water in nesting areas
                              (218) nesting areas        (218)  reached by the       generally $ 1 8 deep
                              are reached 3 weeks        onset of laylng Slow        Fluctuating water
                              pnor to the onset of       drawdown after laylng       levels throughout
                              laymg and maintained       commences                   nesting season
                              after hatching Ponds
                              at least 2 1/2 feet deep

     Forage Needs             High invertebrate          Moderate invertebrate       Low invertebrate
                              populations i n            populations Green           populations Green
                              wetlands Green             upland grasses              upland grasses
                              upland grasses             avadable near               available
                              available near             shoreline
                              shoreline Dense
                              stands of submerged
     Disturbance              No human disturbance       Low recreation use          Heavy recreational
                              in nesting areas No        (shoreline fishing,         use (fishing, boating,
                              domestic or feral dogs     bird-watching, etc in       etc ) in nesting areas
                              in nesting ares Low        nesting areas dunng         dunng laymg and
                              predator populations       laying and incubation       incubation Domestic
                              (coyotes, gulls, ravens,   penod No domestic or        or feral dog packs in
                              skunks, foxes)             feral dogs Low              nesting areas High
                                                         predator populations        predator populations

Appenduc &Wildlife        Habitat Capability Models for MIS                                               0-5
 CANADA GOOSE (continued)                              LIFE STAGE Nesting and Broodreanng
 SEASONW Spnng                                         AREA Northern Cahforma
                                                       HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                 (Suitable*)                        (Unsuitable*)
                                     HIGH                    MEDIUM                     LOW
   HABITAT VARIABLE                (Preferred)              (Required**)              (Margmal)

    Forage Needs              High invertebrate        Moderate invertebrate    Low invertebrate
                              populations, mowed       populations; emergent    populations; scattered
                              and/or grazed wet        aquatic plants           emergent plants;
                              meadows adjacent to      available, some beds     upland annual grasses
                              open water, dense        of submerged             dry by late June
                              submerged succulent      aquatics, succulent
                              upland grasses           upland grasses near
                              adjacent to open         water
      Escape Cover            Wetland mth >40%         Wetland mth 20.40%       Wetland with 4 0 %
                              emergent plant cover     emergent plant cover     emergent plant cover.
                              (cattail, hullrush,      Some areas > 2 4 deep    Most areas of water
                              Juncus) Some areas       Brood ponds 250          4 4 " deep Brood
                              with water 230 deep      acres                    ponds S 50 acres
                              Brood ponds 250
      Water Management        Broodrearmg ponds        Slow water drawdown
                              have permanent water     occurs after June 20
                              or slow water            Sufficient water to
                              drawdown after July      fledge young untd
                              10 Sufficient water to   July 15
                              fledge young until
                              July 30
      Disturbance             Low levels of human      Moderate levels of       Illgh levels of
                              actinty on               human activity           recreational actinties
                              broodreanng ponds        (broods are not forced   (broods are forced to
                              (geese are not           to move to avoid         move to avoid human
                              harassed)                human contact)           contact)

 I/ Canada goose was not selected as a management indicator species on the Lassen National Forest

0-6                           Appendix G-Wildlge Habitat Capability Models for MIS
  FISHER                                               LIFESTAGE ALL
  SEASON(S) All                                       AREA California
                                                       HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                  (Smtable*)                          (Unsuitable*)
                                     HIGH                     MEDIUM                      LOW
    HABITAT VARIABLE               (Preferred)               (Required**)               (Margmal)

  Home Range                 6,000 acres, 8 mde        9,800 acres, > 8 d e s   11,300 acres,
                             linear limit (Buck        actual limit             undefined
  SeralStage 51
      Dennrng IRestrng       5 (old growth)            5.4                      5.4
                             4 (mature)
      Foraging               5,4                       5,4,3                    5,4,3
                             3 (midsuccessional)
  Mmunum Stand Size          >I20 acres adjacent       80-119 acres adjacent    60-79 acres adjacent
                             mature tnnber             mature timber            mature tunber
                             >500 acres adjacent       200-499 acres adjacent   120-199 acres adjacent
                             open canopied areas       open canopied areas      open canopies
     Canopy Closure Class    >SO% WHR Class C          6140% WHR Class B        4040% WHR Class B
      Home Range Stand       7080% mature closed       60-70%mature closed      5040% mature close
      Structure 51, 61       conifer (24C) If          conifer (24C) If         conifer ( 2 4 0 If
                             unavailable, 50.60%       unavailable, 40.50%      unavailable, 30-40%
                             24C & 20-30% MB           24C & 20-30% 24B         >4C & 20.30% 24B
                             25-30% murcod bard-       2025% mixconhard-        30-40% murconhard-
                             woods (24B) If            woods (>4B) If           woods (>4B) If
                             unavailable, 15- 20%      unavailable, 10-15%      unavailable, 15.20%
                             24B or 3C; 10-15%         24B or 3C, 10-15%        24B or 3C, 15-20%
                             23C or 3B                 23C or 3B                23C or 3B
                             5% hardwood/other         5-10% hardwoodlother     1020% hardwood/
                             (24A HWb3A-4A             (24A HWl23A-4A           other (24AHWb3A
                             other)                    other)                   -4A other)
  R i p a n d e t Meadows    <U4 - 112 mde             U2 - 1 mile              1- 2 miles
  (prommity to denning and
  resting habitat)
  Verhcal dmersity           3-4 layers plus shrubs    2-3 layers plus shrubs   2 layers plus shrubs
  (denning, resting and
  foragmg areas)
  Openings Without Cover     cl ac each                1-2 ac each              2-3 ac each

Appendix 0-Wildlife Habitat Capability Models for MIS                                                  0-7
 FISHER (continued)                                       LIFESTAGE ALL
 SEASON(S1 All                                            AREA Callforma
                                                          HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                     (Smtable*)                         (Unsutable*)
                                         HIGH                   MEDIUM
   HABITAT VARIABLE                    (Preferred)             (Requred**)

 Snag Densities (Minimums)
    RestcnglDennzng (No) >2lacre                          1-Wacre                  0 5-Uacre
    (4-5C stands)      (Scze) 2 4 4 DBH                   230-43" DBH              224-29DBH
    Liue tree snag (dens)     26lac>44 DBH                3-61ac (30-43DBH)        15-3lac (24-29 DBH)
      Foraging Areas (Nu )      4-5lacre                  2-3lacre                 U2 - Uacre
      (3-5C stands)    (Szze)   > 2 0 DBH                 > 2 0 DBH                > 1 5 DBH
      51, 61
      Liue tree snag            12-Wac > 2 0              9-18lao20 DBH            4 5-91ac > 1 5 DBH
      replacement (foragcng)
 Downed Logs            (No )   >rYacre                   2-3lacre                 1-2lacre
 (hunting use)         (Size)   > 3 0 x 15 R              > 2 0 x 15 R             > 2 0 x 15 R
 Road Density                   0-<112 mdsq mi            lI2 - 2 mdsq mi          2 -3 mdsq mi
 Travel Comdor Width            2600 R vnthin mature      300-599 R unthin         100-299 R mthin
                                stands                    mature stands            mature stands
                                21200 R adjacent to       600-1199 R adjacent to   300-599 ftadjacent to
                                clearcuts                 clearcuts                clearcuts
 Travel Comdor Canopy           >60%                      5080%                    4060%
 Habitat Spacing Distance       53 mdes                   3-8 miles                >8-12 miles

0-8                             Appendix O-Wildlge Habitat Capability Models for MS
  GOSHAWK                                                 LIFESTAGE ALL
  SEASONW All                                             AREA Northern California
                                                           HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                     (Suitable*)                         fUnsmtahle*)
                                         HIGH                     MEDIUM                       LOW
    HABITAT VARIABLE                   (Preferred)               (Required?                  (Margmal)

 TerntoryHome Range            22 high capability         21 high capability site,   1medium capability
                               sites                      21 medium capability       site, 21 low capability
                                                          site                       site
     Distance betwen nest      1- 5 mile                  < 1or 5 - 2 miles          > 2 miles
     Habitat pattern           >5 vegetatxon types,       3-5 Vegetation types, 3    <3 vegetation types,
                               >3 seral stages            seral stages               <3 seral stages
     Area                      c l mile from nest         1-2 miles from nest        >2 miles from nest
                               stand                      stand                      stand
  Nest Stand
     Area                      40-100 acres               25-40 acres or > 100       < 25 acres
     Vegetation types          Douglas-fir, ponderosa     npanan, aspen,             Other vegetation types
                               pine, mured conifer,       lodgepole pine, black
                               Jeffrey pine, red fir      oak
     Successional stages       4B, 4C, 5                  3B, 3C                     2,3A, 4A
     Auerage canopy couer      60-90%                     40.60%                     <40% or >90%
     Canopy couering ( 0 1
                      2        2 2 within stand           1within stand              0
     Slope                     <25%                       25-50%                     >50%
     Distance to water         < 25 mile                  25 - 1mile                 > 1 mile
     Distance to opening       < 25 m l e                 25 - 1mile                 > 1mile
     6 0 1 acre)
     Prey-plucking sites       Topped trees, stumps, logs, or honzontal limbs
                               below canopy

Appendix &WiZdZqe            Habitat Capability Models for MIS                                              0-9
 HAIRY WOODPECKER                              LIFESTAGE ALL
 SEASON(S) All                                 AREA Northeastern California
                                                   HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                            (Suitable*)                                (Unsuitable*)
                             HIGH                       MEDIUM                             LOW
     HABITAT               (Preferred)                 (Required**)                      (Margmal)
 Vegetation Types    mlxed conifer 4A, 4B      subalpine forest 4A, 4B        black oak 3A, 3B, 4A, 4B
 and Successional    red fir 4A, 4B            eastside pine 4A, 4B           muted conifer 4C
 Stages    5/, 6/                              npanan-deciduous lA, 1B        red fir 4C
                                               ponderosa pine 4A,B            eastside pine 4C
                                               Douglas-fir 4A, B              lodgepole pine 4C
 Nest Sites and      soft snags                hard snags, dead portion o f   live trees, stumps, logs
 Condition                                     live tree
 Nest Tree Speaes    white fir                 Jeffrey pine,ponderosa         black oak
                                               pine, red fir,lodgepole,
                                               aspen, cottonwood
 Average Nest Tree   >17 in                    15-17 in                       < 15 111
 Diameter (DBH)
 Average Nest Tree   >45 ft                    34-45 ft                       <34 ft
 Forage Sites and    hard snags                soft snags, live trees
 Snag Density
 Within Temtory
 (temtory = 6-25                         (See Habitat Capability Model for "Snags")
 Downed Logs (per    >3 uncharred class 1      2 uncharred class 1or          <2 uncharred class 1 or
 acre)               or class 2 logs, >12 in   class 2 logs, >12 III          class 2 logs, >12 in
                     diameter a t large end,   diameter a t large end, > 20   mameter a t large end, >
                     > 20 ft in length         ft inlength                    20ft inlength

0-10                          Appendix %Wildl~$e Habitat Capability Models for MIS
  MALLARD                                                LIFE STAGE Nesting and Broodreanng
  SEASONW Apnl through July                              AREA Northern California
                                                       HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                  (Smtable*)                           (Unsmtable*)
                                      HIGH                     MEDIUM                     LOW
    HABITAT VARIABLE                (Preferred)               (Required**)              (Margmal)

      Breeding Pair Habitat   Irregular shorehnes        Irregular shorelines      Regular shaped
                              m t h some exposed         around wetlands m t h     shorelines around
                              hanks, small shallow       some exposed banks        wetlands m t h exposed
                              potholes mthm l/2                                    hanks
                              mlle of smtahle
                              nestmg cover,
                              numerous small
                              hummocks or islands
                              m t h m wetlands
      Nesting Cover           Tall (216), dense          Upland DNC within         No islands m
                              nesting cover (DNC)        112 mile of open water,   wetlands Uplands
                              III uplands mthin 1 41     in blocks 2 50 acres      nesting cover of low
                              mde of open water, m       Upland cover mlx of       shrubs and grasses <
                              blocks 280 acres           grasses, forbs, and       1 6 high
                              Upland cover mur of        shrubs
                              grasses, forbs, and
                                       andlor                    and/or
                              Natural or manmade         Islands (as descnbed
                              islands in wetlands 2      under "high), density
                               03 acres in size with a   of 1island per 6-10
                              tall, (216) dense          surface acres of water.
                              mmxture of residual
                              grasses and forbs,
                              density of 1island per
                              1-5 surface acres of
      Forage Needs            Numerous dense beds        Scattered beds of         Few submerged
                              of submerged aquatic       submerged aquatics        aquatics Low
                              plants Abundant            Moderate invertebrate     invertebrate
                              lnvertebrate               populations.              populations
      Water Management        Maximum water              Maxunum water             Moderate to high
                              levels reached hy          levels reached by Apnl    water fluctuahons
                              March 15 Little or no      1 Minor fluctuation       dunng nesting season
                              fluctuation throughout     dunng early nesting
                              nestmg season              penod
      Disturbance             No human                   Low recreation use        Heavy recreation use
                              disturbance in nesting     (shoreline fishing,       (fishing, boating) in
                              areas No domestic or       birding, etc )of          nesting areas during
                              feral dogs in nesting      nesting areas during      laying and incubation
                              areas Low                  laymg and incubation      penods Domestic or
                              populations of             period No domestic        feral dogs in nesting
                              predators (coyote,         or feral dogs in          areas Moderate to
                              gulls, ravens, skunk,      nesting areas Low         high populations of
                              fox)                       populations of            predators
                                                         predators (coyote,
                                                         gulls, ravens, skunk,

Appendix 0-Wildlife Habitat Capability Models for MIS                                                 0-11
 MALLARD (continued)                               LIFE STAGE Nestmg and Broodreanng
 SEASON(SP Spnng through July                      AREA Northern California
                                                    HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                              (Suitable*)                       (Unsutable*)
                                  HIGH '                 MEDIUM
   HABITAT VARIABLE             (Preferred)             (Reqmred**)

    Forage Needs         Numerous dense beds       Scattered beds of        Few submerged
                         of submerged aquatic      submerged aquabc         aquatic plants and
                         plants Abundant           plants Moderate          low invertebrate
                         invertebrate              invertebrate             populations
                         populations               populations
    Escape Cover         Scattered stand of        50.70% open water        Scattered stands of
                         dense emergent            and 3060% emergent       emergent vegetation
                         vegetation along          plant cover              (<30%)
                         shoreline (bulrush,
                         cattad, Juncus,
                         Eleochans), 50% open
                         water, 50% emergent
                         plant cover.
    Water Management     Broodrearmg ponds         Broodreanng ponds        Broodrearmg ponds
                         >25 acre Mammum           1-25 acres Maxmmm        <1acre Most of pond
                         water depth 4 8 wlth      water depth 48' wlth     deeper than 4 8
                         a t least 50% of the      2549% of the wetland     dunng reanng penod
                         wetland fnnge S 2 0       fnnge 2 2 0 deep         or water available
                         deep Water available      Water avrulable nntd     only until August 15
                         through September         Sept 15

    Dzsturbance          Low levels of human       Moderate levels of       High levels of
                         activlty on or near       human activity           recreahonal activlty
                         ponds (ducks              (broods are not forced   (broods are moved to
                         broodreanng are not       t o move to avoid        avoid human contact)
                         harassed)                 human contact)

0-12                     Appendix 0-Wildlij-e         Habitat Capability Models for MIS
 MARTEN                                                  LIFESTAGE ALL
 SEASONW All                                             AREA Northern California
                                                          HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                    (Suitable*)                         (Unsuitable*)
                                       HIGH                     MEDIUM                     LOW
   HABITAT VARIABLE                  (Preferred)               (Required**)              (Margmal)

 Home Range                    1,400 acres               2,100 acres             2,500 acres
 Seral Stage 51
     DenninglRestcg            5 (old growth)            5,4                     5. 4
                               4 (mature)
     Foraging                  5,4                       5,4,3                   4.3
                               3 (midsuccessional)
 Mmimum Stand Size             > 120 ac, adjacent        80-119 ac, adjacent     60-79 ac, adjacent
                               mature stands             mature stands           mature stands
                               2500 ac, adjacent open    200-499 ac, adjacent    120-199 ac, adjacent
                               canopied areas            open canopied areas     open canopied areas
 D e m g , Resting Canopy      >70% WHR Class C          41-70% WHR Class B,     30-40% WHR Class A,
 Closure Class 61                                        C                       B
 Stand Structure               50% mature WC (if         35% mature >4C (if      25% mature >4C (if
                               unavailable 35% 24C       unavailable 20%>4C      unavailable 15%>4C
                               & 15% >4B)                & 20% 248)              & 10%>4B~
                               30% >4B (if               45% >4B ( I f           55% >4B (if
                               unavailable 15%>4B        unavailable 25Db24B     unavailable SOW4B
                               or 3B & 15%>3C or 3B)     & 20RL3C or 38,         & 25%>3Cor 38)
                               20% >4A/other             20% >4A/other           20% >4A/other
 Basal Area                    2350 sq ft per acre                  l
                                                         176-350 sq f per acre   175 sq ft per acre
 Openmgs                       <1acre each               1-2 acres each          2 - 3 acres each
 &panadwet Meadows             <114 mile                 1/4 - 112 mile          112 - 1 mile
 proxlmty to closed canopy
 Travel Corndor Width          2300 ft within mature     >150 - 299 ft within    >lo0 - 149 ft w t h i n
                               stands                    mature stands           mature stands
                               >600 ft ,adjacent         300-599 ft , adjacent   200-299 ft ,adjacent
                               opedno canopy             opedno canopy           opedno canopy
 Travel Corndor Canopy         60%                       50.60%                  40.50%
 Habitat Spacing               <2 nnles                  >2-3 miles              >3-6 miles
 Snag Densities. (Mmmums)
    RestinglDenning No) 231acre                          2-3lacre                1-Zlacre
    areas          (Size) ( > 2 4 DBH)                   b24" DBH)               (20-23" DBH)
     Foraging           (No)   >3lacre                   >3/acre                 >2/acre
     Areas            (Size)   b15 DBH)                  b 1 5 DBH)              ( s 1 5 DBH)
     Liue Tree Snag (No )      291acre                   >9/acre
     Replacements (Size)       b24"DBH)                  (>24"DBH
     Liue Tree Snag (No ) >9/acre                        >9/acre                 >6/acre
     Replacements (Size) b 1 5 D B H )                   b15DBH)                 b15"DBH)
 Dead and Downed     (No ) z2Olacre                      >lO-l9/acre             25-9Iacre
 Logs               (Size) (215 x 15 ft)                 (215" x 15 ft)          (215'' x 15 ft)
 Road Densities Paved          < 1 mll sq mi             < 1-2 mll sq mi         < 2-3 mll sq mi

Appendix O-Wildlge Habitat Capability Models for MIS                                                    0-13
 MULE DEER                                              LIFESTAGE ALL
 SEASONW All                                            AREA Northeast Califorma
                                                         HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                   (Suitable*)                       (Unsmtable*)
                                       HIGH                      MEDIUM                   LOW
   HABITAT VARIABLE                  (Preferred)                (Required**)            (Margmal)

 Cover Stands
 Vegetation Types and         ponderosa pine 2B,        lodgepole pine           plantations (<l'
 Successional Stages 5/,6/    2C,3B, 3C, 4B, 4C, 5      2A, 3A, 4A               DBH), seedmgl
                              mured conifer 2B, 2C,     ponderosa pine           saplmg stage of all
                              3B, 4B, 4C, 5             2A.. 3 4 4A
                                                                .                comfers, wet meadow,
                              red fir 2B, 2C, 3B, 3C,   nuxed conifer            rabbitbrush, sdver
                              4B, 4C, 5                 2A, 3A, 4A               sagebrush, low
                              western juniper           red fir 2A, 3A, 4A       sagebrush, perennial
                              npanan-denduous           cottonwood, black oak,   o r annual grasdforbs
                              mountam mahogany          montane shrubs,
                              aspen, big sagebrush      bitterbrush
 Stand Size                   20-60 acres               10-20 acres or 60-120    c10 acres or >120
                                                        acres                    acres
 Canopy Closure
    Shrubs                    50-85%                    30-50% or 35.90%         ~ 3 0 % >90%
     Trees                    >40%                      20.40%                   <20%
 Shrub Age Class              Mature                    Decadent                 Young, seedlings
 Foraee Stands
 Vegetation Types and         npanan deciduous,         big sagebrush, low       ponderosa pine, 2B,
 Successional Stages 5/, 61   montane shrubs,           sagebrush, ponderosa     2C, 3B, 3C, 4B, 4C, 5,
                              mountain mahogany,        pine 2A, 3B, 4A,         mlxed conifer 2B, 2C,
                              black oak, aspen,         wetlands, red fir 2A,    3B, 3C, 4B, 4C, 5,
                              bitterbrush, wet          3A, 4A mlxed comfer      white f r 2B, 2C, 3B,
                              meadow, perennial &       2a, 3A, 4A western       3C, 4B, 4C, 5, red fir
                              annual grasdforbs,        jumper                   2B, 2C, 3B, 3C, 4B,
                              seedliuglsaplmg                                    4C, 5, plantations
                              stages of all conifers                             (d"DBH), manzamta,
                                                                                 silver sagebrush,
                                                                                 western jumper,
 Distance to Cover            <400 yards                400-500 yards            >550 yards
 Canopy Closure
    Shrubs                    10-40%                    4 0 % or 40.80%          >SO%
     Trees                    420%                      20-40%                   >40%
 Shrub Age Class              Young                     Mature or Seedlmg        Decadent
 Proportion of Area in        50.30%                    30.50% or 80-90%         <30% or>90%
 Forage Stands
 Livestock Utilrzation        Light to no grazing       Moderate to Light        Heavy
 Roads                        <2 5 mdsq mi              2 5 - 6mdsqmi              6 mdsq mi
 Distance Between Water
     General                  <2 miles                  2-3 miles                >3 miles
     Fawning                  < 25 miles                < 25 - 1mile             > 1mile
 Slope                        <40%                      40.60%                   >60%

0-14                          Appenduc (twildlije Habitat Capability Models for MIS
  OSPREY                                                 LIFESTAGE ALL
  SEASON(S) All                                          AREA Northern California
                                                       HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                  (Smtable*)                             (Unsuitable*)
                                     HIGH                       MEDIUM                       LOW
    HABITAT VARIABLE               (Preferred)                 (Reqmred**)                 (Margmal)

  Vegetahon Types and        ponderosa pine 4A, 5        ponderosa pme or            other vegetation types
  Successional Stage 51,61   eastside pme 4A, 5          eastside pine lA, B, C,     (unless artifical
                             mured conifer 4A, 5         2A,B,C, 3A,B,C, 4B,C,       platforms are
                             pme-juniper 4A              pine-juniper 2A,B,C;        provided)
                             mured evergreen 4A,B        3A,B,C, 4B,C,
                                                         npanan, red fir,
  Water Body, Size           >2000 acres                 100-2000 acres              10-100 acres
  Nest Tree Condition        broken-topped snag,         broken-top live tree, or    intact top hve tree
                             broken-dead-topped          intact-top snag, super-
                             live tree, or platform,     canopy tree
                             super-canopy tree
  Nest Tree Size             >40 DBH, >125' high         24-40 DBH, 75-135'          44" DBH, <75"hgh
                             Platforms placed at least 20 feet above the ground
  Perchmilot Trees           15 snags > 2 4 DBH          10 snags > 2 4 DBH          <IO snags, etc
                             w t h i n 100 feet of the   m t h m 100 fet of the
                             water body, mthin the       water body, w t h i n the
                             foragmg range,              foragmg range,
                                        and                        and                          and
                             an adhtionall5 trees        an additional 10 trees      <IO trees etc
                             > 2 4 DBH (snags,           > 2 4 DBH (snags,
                             broken top live trees)      broken top live trees)
                             mthin ll8 mile nest         wthin ll8 mile nest
  Prey Base                  Well-stocked wth cold and/or warmwater fish             Low populations of
                             2 6 long                                                cold or warm water
                                                                                     fish, mostly < 6 long
  Nest Distance from Water   <114 d e                    114 - 1nule                 > 1mile
  Ice-Free Water             Feedmg area mostly          Feeding area mostly         Feedmg area not
                             ice-free by Apnl 1          ice-free by May 1           ice-free by May 1

  Disturbance                Foot traffic & logging      Foot traffic & loggmg       Foot traffic & loggmg
                             >112 mile from nest,        1 8 to 112 mile from
                                                          1                          <118 mile from nest,
                             March to August             nest, March to August       March to August
  Pesticide Levels           Very low                    Low                         Moderate

Appendix 0-Wildlife Habitat Capability Models for MIS                                                      0-15
 PEREGRINE FALCON                                              LIFESTAGE ALL
 SEASON(S) Spnng and Summer                                    AREA Northem California
                                                              HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                        (Snitable*)                          (Unsutable*)
                                            HIGH                     MEDIUM                      Law
   HABITAT VARIABLE                       (Preferred)               (Repred**)                 (Margmal)

 Elevation                         <4000'                      4000-8000'                >8000'
 Cliff Conditions                  Vertical faces 75-300 feet h g h w t h abundant ledges at least 10 sq fi or
                                   large deep cliff-faced caves, providing a commanding mew
 Food Supply                       Abundant and available aylan prey wthin 6 mdes of nest site Common
                                   prey species are band-tailed pigeon, rock dove, moumng dove, common
                                   flicker, jays, starlings, robin, western meadowlark, acorn woodpeckers,
                                   red-wmged blackbird, cedar waxwing (listed in order of importance)
 Proxlmity to a major nver,        4 1 2 mile                  112 - 1nule              >1 mile
 lake, or marsh
 Disturbance                       No disturbance m t h m      Short term Asturb-       Moderate to high
                                   2 miles of the nest site,   ance within 1mlle of     chsturhance wthin 1
                                   March 1to May 15            the nest site, March 1   mile of the nest site,
                                                               t o May 15               March 1to May 15

0-16                               Appendix 0-Wildlije Habitat Capability Models for MIS

                              ~~      ~     ~~~~   ~
  PILEATED WOODPECKER                                  LIFESTAGE ALL
  SEASONW All                                          AREA Northern California
                                                        HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                  (Suitable*)                         (Unsuitable*)
                                      HIGH                   MEDIUM                      LOW
    HABITAT VARIABLE                (Preferred)             (Requred**)                (Margmal)

  Vegetation Types and        mlxed conifer 4B, 4C,    ponderosa pine 4B,        eastside pine 4B, 4C, 5
  Successional Stage 51, 61   5; coastrange            4C, 5 red fir 4B, 4C, 5   black oak 3C, 4A, 4B
                              montane 4A,B, C          ripanan, aspen            blue oak-hgger pine
                                                                                 4A,B, C Oregon oak
                                                                                 4A, B, C
  Nest sites                  snag, live tree (aspen   dead portion of live      live tree
                              only)                    tree
  Nest Tree                   > 2 6 DBH, >80 high,     20-26 DBH, 35-80          < 2 0 DBH, < 3 5 high,
                              broken top, no bark      high, top intact, no      top intact, hark
                                                       bark                      present
  Nest Tree Condition         no decay                 moderate decay            advanced decay
  Snag Densities Around       1-2 acre patch of >8     1-2 acre patch of 3-8     1-2 acre patch of 43
  Nest Tree                   snagdacre, > 2 0 DBH     snagdacre, > 2 0 DBH      snagslacre, > 2 0 DBH
                              (3 snags>26 DBH)         (2 snags>24 DBH)
  Snag Density Within                         (See Habitat Capabllity Model for "Snags")
  Temtory (Terntory = 300
  Feehng Sites (down logs,    > 2 5 DBH                18-25 DBH                 4 8 " DBH
  snag, live trees)

Appendix 0-Wildlqe Habitat Capability Models for MIS                                                  0-17
 PRONGHORN ANTELOPE                                      LIFESTAGE ALL
 SEASON(S) All                                           AREA Northeastern California
                                                          HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                    (Suitable*)                      (Unsuitable*)
                                        HIGH                   MEDIUM                    LOW
   HABITAT VARIABLE                   (Preferred)             (Reqmred*’)             (Mawnal)

 Vegetation Types             low sagebrush, big         western juniper       eastside pine , others
                              bitterbrush, perennial
                              grass, wet meadow,
                              fresh emergent,
                              wetland, annual grass
 Shrub Age Class
    Summer                    young, mature              seedling              decadent
     Winter                   mature                     young, decadent       seedhng
 Height of Dominant           10-20-inches               5-10 mches or 20-30   4 inches or >30inches
 Vegetation                                              inches
 Shrub Canopy Closure
     Summer                   10-3090                          %
                                                         ~ 1 0 or 30-50%       >50 %
     Winter                   20-50%                     10-20%or 5 0 4 0 %          or
                                                                               ~ 1 0 % >70%
 Canopy Closure of Trees      0-10%                      10-20%                20%
 Percent of Forbs in Ground   10-30%                     7-10% or 30.50%       <7%, >50%
 Average Distance Between     <2 mi                      2-3 1/2 mi            23 1/2 mi
 Free Water
 Road Density                 <2mdsq mi                  2-4mdsq mi            24mdsq mi

0-18                          Appendix 0-Wildlge Habitat Capability Models for MIS
 RAINBOW TROUT                                        LIFESTAGE ALL
 SEASON(S) All                                        AREA Northeastern Califonua
                                                      HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                  Gutable*)                       (Unsuitable*)
                                      HIGH                   MEDIUM                     LOW
    HABITAT VARIABLE                (Preferred)             (Reqmred**)               (Margmal)

 Average water mdth          8-40 ft                  4-8 ft                  <4 or >40 ft
 Average water depth         >16ft                     4-16ft                 < 4ft
 Water temperatures          50-61 degrees F          40-50 degrees F or      S40 or > 72 degrees F
                                                      61-72 degrees F
 Stream channel stability    >80%                     5040%                   <50%
 Pool abundance              40-60%                   20-40% or 6040%               or
                                                                              ~ 2 0 % >SO%
 (pool nffle ratio)

 Pool charactenstics         "A" At least 50% of      " B At least 20% of     " C Less than 20% of
 (pool grade)                the pools must be        the pools must be       the pools are greater
                             greater than 3 feet      greater than 6 inches   than 6 inches deep
                             deep and have greater    deep and have greater   and have greater than
                             than 30% submerged       than 20% submerged      20% submerged cover
                             cover                    cover,
                                                       stream sections have
                                                       continuous deep,
                                                       slow-movmg water
 Water surface shade          70-95%                   35-70% or 95100%       <35%
 (June 1- September 30
 loam to4pm)
  Spawning area substrate     >SO% gravel m nffles,    2540% gravel m         <25% gravel in riffles:
                              <15% sdt cover           nffles, 5 2 5 % silt   925%silt cover
 Average velocity             1 3 - 2 7 Wsec           8 - 1 3 Wsecor 2 7 -   < 8 or > 3 3 ftJsec
 (Aug 1 - S e p t 15)                                  3 3 Wsec
 Aquatic organisms            Abundant >24/sq f t      Common 10-24/sqft      Few <lO/sq ft
  Disturbance to stream
      Spring spawners         Disturbance allowed      Disturbance allowed    Any other time of the
                              Aug 15-Sept 15           July 15-Aug 15 or      year
                                                       Sept 15-0ct 30
                                                       (weather permitting)
      Sprang and fall         Disturbance allowed      Disturbance allowed    Any other time of the
      spawners                Aug 1-31                 June 15-July 31 or     year
                                                       Sept 1-Oct 15
      Fall spawners           Disturbance allowed      Disturbance allowed    Any other time of the
                              June 1- Sept 15          May 15-May 31 or       year
                                                       Sept 15-0ct 1

Appendix O-Wildl$e          Habitat Capability Models for MIS                                       0-19
 SPOTTED OWL                                           LIFESTAGE ALL
 (Northern and California Subspecies)
 SEASON(S). All                                        AREA Northern California
                                                        HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                  (Suitable*)                         (Unsmtable*)
                                      HIGH                     MEDIUM                      LOW
   HABITAT VARIABLE                 (Preferred)               (Required**)              (Margmal)

 Vegetation Type             mlxed conifer             ponderosa pine, red fir,   subalpine forest
                                                       aspen, npanan
 Successional Stages 5/,6/   5,4C                      5,4c                       4B,3B,3C,2C
 Stand Structure             Multi-layered stand m t h moderate to abundant       Single dominant size
                             understory trees and/or shrubs, moderate to          class, sparse to no sub-
                             abundant decadence in stand                          canopy tree layer,
                                                                                  sparse to no under-
                                                                                  story, little to no
                                                                                  decadence in stand
 Prommity to Stream or       < U4 mile                 U4-3/4mile                 >3/4 mile
 Nest Stand                  >500 acres              300-500 acres             c300 acres
 Disturbance                 No loggmg, OHV use, or other major disturbance in the nest stand, Apnl 1
                             to July 30

0-20                                                                           I
                             Appendix 0-Wddlrfe Habitat Capability Models for MS
  STEELHEAD TROUT AND                                   LIFE STAGE Adult (migration)
  SEASON@) Winter and Spnng                             AREA Northern California
                                                        HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                   (Smtable*)                         (Unsuitable*)
                                       HIGH                   MEDIUM                       LOW
    HABITAT VARIABLE                 (Preferred)             (Required**)                (Margmal)

      Chinook Salmon -Fall   51-60 degrees F            60-67 degrees F          >67 or c51 degrees F
      Chinook Salmon -       38-50 degrees F            50-56 degrees F          <38 of >56 degrees F
      Steelhead - Winter     40-50 degrees F            50-56 degrees F          <40 of >56 degrees F
  Dissolved Oxygen           >SO% saturation            80%saturation            430% saturation
  Turbidity                  0-10 N W s                 11-19 NTU's              >20 NTU's
  Waterfall Height           No waterfalls              <6 feet                  >6 feet
  Water Velocities           0-4 fffsec                 4-9 Wsec                 >9 Wsec
  Water Depth                >2 it                      1-2 ft                   <1 ft
  Pool Abundance             40.60%                     20-40% or 60.80%         4 0 % or >SO%
  (Pool Rlf€le Ratio)
  Cover                      >SO%                       60.80%                   450%
     Chinook Salmon          45-53 degrees F            42-45 degrees F or       <42 degrees F o r >57
                                                        54-57 degrees F          degrees F
      Steelhead              41-47 degrees F            39-40 degrees F or       <39 degrees F or 249
                                                        48-49 degrees F          degrees F
  Substrate                  0-10% fines (<3 3"
                                              5)        10.15% fines             15.20% fines
  Water Depth
     Chinook Salmon -Fall    5-2Oft                     4- 5 ft or 2 0-3 0 ft    < 4 it or >3 0 ft
      Chinook Salmon -       5-loft                     1 0 - 2 0 ft             < 5ftor220ft
      Steelhead - Winter     5-2Oft                     3- 5ft or20-30ft         < 3ft o r > 3 0 f t
      Chinook Salmon -Fall   1-2 Wsec                    5-1 fffsec or 2-3 5     < 5 Wsec or >3 5 Wsec
      Chinook Salmon -       1 -2Wsec .                 <1 fffsec or 2-3 Wsec    >3 fffsec
      Steelhead - Winter     1-2 Wsec                   3-1 fffsec or 2-3 Wsec   >3 fffsec
  Dissolved Oxygen           >8 ppm                     5-8 ppm                  <5 ppm

Appendix *Wildlijie        Habitat Capability Models for MIS                                           0 -2 1
 STEELHEAD TROUT AND                                  LIFE STAGE Juvenile
 CHINOOK SALMON (continued)
 SEASON(S). AU                                        AREA. Northern Cahfoma
                                                    HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                              (Suitable*)                            (Unsuitable*)
                                  HIGH                      MEDIUM                      LOW
   HABITAT V A R M L E         (Preferred)                 (Required**)               (Maranal)

 Water Velocities        80.100% of the nmes          60.80% of the nmes        <60% of the rimes
                         wth velocihes                with velocities           mth velocities
                         between .5 and 3 5           between 5 and 3 5         between 5 and 3 5
                         Wsec                         Wsec                      Wsec

 Water Depth             80-100% of the stream        60-80% of the stream      <60% of the stream
                         . to 3 0 feet deep
                          5                            5 to 3 0 feet deep       5 to 3 0 feet deep

 Substrate               >60% of the stream           40-60% of the stream            of
                                                                                ~ 4 0 % the stream
                         composed of coarse           composed of coarse        composed of coarse
                         gravel 1 2-2 9 inches        gravel 12-2 9 inches      gravel 1 2-2 9 mches
                         and rubble betwen 2 9        and rubble betwen 2 9     and rubble betwen 2 9
                         and 1 8 inches
                              1                       and 1 8 inches
                                                           1                    and 1 8 mcbes
    Steelhead            45-50 degrees F              51-58 degrees F           <45 degrees or >58
                                                                                degrees F
     Chinook Salmon      45-54 degrees F              55-59 degrees F           c45 degrees or 259
                                                                                degrees F
 Dissolved Oxygen        >7 ppm                       4-7 ppm                   <4 ppm
 Turbi&ty                0-10 NTU's                   11-19 NTUs                >20 NTUs
 Cover                   80-100% of the stream        60-80% of the stream      4 0 % of the stream
                         havlng sutable cover         havlng sutable cover      havmg suitable cover
 Streamflow              Flow sufficient to           Flow sufficient to        Flow provlding <40%
                         provlde near 50 50           provlde near 40-60%       or >60% pools, <40%
                         poollnme ratio,              pools, 4040% of n m e     of nffle covered m t h
                         60-100% of rime              covered mth water         water, n m e velocities
                         covered mth water            nme velocities 5-1 0      c 5 Wsec, pool
                         n m e velocities 10-15       or 1 5-2 0 Wsec, pool     velonties of less than
                         fffsec, pool velocities of   velocities of 1- 3 or 8    1fffsecor more than
                          3to 8fffsec                 t o 1 0 fffsec            10 Wsec

0-22                     Appendix %Wildl$e                Habitat Capability Models for MIS
  WESTERN GRAY SQUIRREL                                 LIFESTAGE ALL
  SEASON(S). AU                                         AREA. Northwestern Califorma
                                                         HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                   (Slutable*)                      (Unsmtable*)
                                       HIGH                   MEDIUM                    LOW
    HABITAT VARIABLE                 (Preferred)             (Required**)             (Marginal)

  Vegetataon Types and        black oak woodland        black oak woodland      black oak woodland 2
  Successional Stages 5/,6/   3B, 4A,4B                 3A

                              blue oak savannah         blue oak savannah 3A    blue oak savannah 2
                              3B, 4A,4B

                              digger-pme oak 3B,        digger-pme oak 3A       hgger-pme oak 2

                              Oregon w h t e oak 3B,    Oregon w h t e oak 3A   Oregon w h t e oak 2
                              4A, 4B

                              rmxed c o d e r 4A,4B,    mixed comfer 3A, 3B,    mlxed comfer 2
                              4c                        3c

  Den Tree                    215 mches                 215 inches              515 mches

  M ” u m Nesting Height      2 15 f t                  215 R.                  S 15 R.

  Other                       Oak species reqwred for permanent populations, age classes should be
                              well hstnbuted, fun@ and acorns are year-round foods.

Appendix O-Wildlife Habitat Capability Models for MIS                                                0-23
 SNAGS 11                                         AREA Northeastern California

                                                  HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                             (Sutable*)                       (Unsutable*)
                                 HIGH                   MEDIUM                      LOW
   HABITAT VARIABLE            (Preferred)             (Requred**)                (Marginal)

 Average Density
     15-24" DBH       >3 0 lacre                  1 2 - 3 Olacre          sl.2Iacre
     >24"DBH          z.05Iacre                   0 3-0 5Iacre            <O 3lacre

     Total            >3 5lacre                   15 -3 5Iacre            c1.5lacre
                      M x = lolacre)
                        a                         (Max = 5lacre)          (Max = 3lacre)
 Height               >40 feet                    20-40 feet              <20 feet

 Dispersion           one group per 5 acres       one group per 5-15      even chspersion
                      or less unth 15+ snags      acres or less with
                                                  5-15+ snags
 H d S o f t Rat10    >31                         21-31                   <2 1

 Locahon              edges of meadows,           throughout wooded       rocky, open slopes,
                      brushfields, streams,       stands                  barren
                      and other water
 Species              white fir, Douglas fir,     ponderosa pme,          whtebark plne
                      lodgepole pme, black        Jeffrey pine, sugar
                      oak, mt hemlock             pme, mcense cedar,
                                                  red fir,tan oak,
 Average Densib
     15-24" DBH       22.01acre                   0.8-2.0lacre            <O 8Iacre
     >24"DEH          > 05lacre                   0.2-0 5Iacre            <O0.2/acre
     Total            >2 51acre                   10-2.5lacre             <l.O/acre
                      M x = lolacre)
                        a                         (Max = 51acre)          (Max = 3lacre)
 Height               >40 ft                      20-40e.                 <20 R
 Dispersion           Combmation of               Even chspersion
                      clumps (3-6
                      snaeslacre) and even
 HardSoR Ratio        231                         21-31                   <2 1

 Location             edges of meadows,           throughout wooded       barren areas
                      brushfields, streams        stands
                      and other water
 Species              digger pme, ponderosa       w h t e oak, tan oak,
                      pine, Jeffrey pme,          live oak
                      jumper pine, blue oak,
                      black oak

0-24                  Appendix O-Wildli$e Habitat Capability Models for MIS
SNAGS I/ (continued)                                             AREA Northeastern California

                                                                  HABITAT CAPABILITY
                                                            (Suitable*)                                 (Unsuitable*)
                                            HIGH                         MEDIUM                             LOW
      HABITAT VARIABLE                   (Preferred)                    (Required**)                      (Margmal)

RIPARIAN       a,
Average Density
     15-24" DBH                        >3.6/acre                 14-3 6/acre                     <1.4/acre
       >24"DBH                         >O 6/acre                 0 2-0 6/acre                    <0.2/acre
       Total                           >4 2/acre                 16-4 Wacre                      <16/acre
                                       (Max = lO/acre)           (Max = 5/acre)                  (Max = 3/acre)
Height                                 >40 ft                    20-40 ft.                       <20 ft
Dispersion                             combination of            even dispersion
                                       clumps (5-10
                                       snagdacre) and
                                       even dispersion
Hard Soft Ratio                        >3.1                      2 1-3.1                         <2 1
Species                                aspen,                    alder, conifers                 wlllow

*      Suitability refers to the appropnateness of applymg habitat management practices to improve capabhty, or of
       placing management emphasis an the stated habdat conditions
**     These values or higher are required for long-tem nahihty
U      Green culls can be substituted for snags down to the level of at least one remammg snaglacre A green cull IS defined
       as being at least 30 feet tall and having a t least one of the followmg charactenstics Splke top (the tap U4 of the tree
       1 dead), broken tap, large dead limbs, emsting cantles, or defects in the bowl that could become cantles

2/     Includes ponderosa pine. mured conlfer, lodgepole pine, red fir, subalpine forest, eastside pine, Jeffrey pme. coast
       range montane, mixed evergreen, and black oak (Vener and Boss 1980,Laundeslayer 1980,Marcot 1979)
31     Includes blue oak savanna, white oak,Oregon oak, digger pmdoak, and pinejuniper WHR types (Vermer and Boss
       1980,Laudenslayer 1980,Marcot 1979)

4/     The npanan area includes areas within a honzontal distance of 100 feet from the edge of streams (FSM 2526 05)
51     Seral stages                    Height Range
       grasslforh                 1=   0-2ft
       seedhnglsaphng             2=   4ot-t
       polelmedwn                 3=   20-5Oft
       large tree                 4=   SOfi
       multi-layer trees          5=    Soft

 6/    Canopy Closure Class
                   Tmher Class         WHR Class            Percent Closure

               I            S=
                                                            70 + %            1

Appendix O-Wildli$e Habitat Capability Models for MIS                                                                         0-25
                                 IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS

This appendlx summanzes the planning and              Description of Activities
implementation process for resource projects such
as timber sales, mineral development, recreation
site construction, and range improvements             In bnef, the four activities above consist of the
Project planning involves a series of activlties
that begms wlth need identification and ends             I Project proposal development involves de-
w t h project implementation through contract         scribing the project area, gathenng known infor-
award or other means. The objectives of the           mation; d e t e m n i n g issues, opportunities, and
project planningprocess are t o g m full consider-    probable outputs, and estimating skills and re-
ation to possible alternatives, ascertain probable    sources needed for project design and layout.
environmental effects, and design feasible
resource protection measures Project imple-             2. Environmental analysis is an interdiscipli-
mentation is simply achievmg the proposed ac-         nary process for exploring project alternatives,
tion in the manner identified in the planning.        effects, and mitigation measures. The depth of
                                                      analysis depends on the complexity ofthe project.
                                                      The results are documented in either a n enm-
Activities                                            ronmental assessment (EA) and decision notice/
                                                      finding of no significant impact, an environmen-
Each activlty, listed below in order of occurrence,   tal impact statement (EIS) and record of deci-
must result in a specific output before the next      sion, or acategoricalexclusion and decisionmemo.
activity 1s begun:
                                                        3. Project design and layout involves transfer-
        Activlty                                      n n g the selected alternative to the ground. T h s
                                                      includes such steps as recreation site survey and
  1. Project proposal       Project Proposal          design, silvlcultural prescnptions, timber har-
     development                                      vest designation, road surveys and design, and
                                                      streamside buffer-zone boundary markmg.
  2 Envlronmental           Appropriate
    analysis                documentation.               4 Project executzon includes such steps as
                                                      timber sale appraisal and contract development,
  3. Project design         Project report            construction or semce contract preparation, or
     and layout             and on the ground         project planning for work to be done by Forest
                            design or layout.         Servlce crews This is followed by actual imple-
                                                      mentation, which requires appropnate project
  4. Project execution      Project                   administration and evaluation to insure that
                            implementation            design and mitigation requirements are met.
                            or contract
                            offering, project         Time Frame Projects vary significantly in com-
                            administration,           plemty and envlronmental impact. Planning a
                            and evaluation            livestock water tank may take a few days, while
                                                      a timber sale involvlng steep slopes and major
                                                      road construction may be in the planning process
                                                      for eight years or more.

Appendix P-Project Planning and Implementation Process                                               P- 1
             -BEST MANAGEMENT
Introduction                                        Implementation Process
The Forest Semce water quality maintenance          Forest Plans are broadlevel planmng documents
and improvement measures, called Best Man-          that encompass the entire Forest and a multi-
agement Practices (BMP's), were developed in        tude of different management activlhes Be-
compliancewith Section 208 ofthe Federal Clean      cause of the physical-biological diversity of any
Water&, PL92-500, as amended. After alengthy        gven National Forest (hfferent soils, vegeta-
development and a public review process from        tion, slopes, presence of surface water, etc.) and
1977 to 1979, the practices developed by the        the mlxture of actinties that can occur on vari-
Forest Semce were certified by the State Water      ous portions of the Forest, site specific methods
Resources Control Board and approved by EPA.        and techniques for implementing the BMP's are
The signingofa 1981ManagementAgencyAgree-           not identified a t the Forest Planning level. For
ment (MAA) resulted m the formal designation        each indindual project that is initiated to imple-
of the Forest Semce as the water quahty man-        ment the Forest Plan, a separate site specific
agement agency for the public domain lands it       envlronmental assessment is conducted. The
admnisters. The BMP's are the measures both         appropnate BMP's necessary t o protect or im-
the State and Federal Water quality regulatory      prove water quality and the methods and tech-
agencies expect the Forest Service to implement     niques of implementing the BMP's are identified
to meet water quahty objectives and to maintam      a t the time of this onsite, project specific assess-
and improve water quality                           ment In this manner the methods and tech-
                                                    niques can be tailored to fit the specific physical-
There are currently 96 practices documented,        bioloscal ennronment as well as the proposed
which are certified and approved as BMP's, plus     project actinties.
three whch are pending state approval (prac-
tices 3-1, 5-5, and 7-8. See the follomng list).    There are commonly many methods available for
Two additional practices are bemg considered -      implementing a BMP, and not all are applicable
"Control of Road Maintenance Chemicals" and         to every site. An example is BMP 2.7 Control of
"Sanitary and Erosion Control at Temporary          Road Drainage T h s BMP dictates that roads
Camps." Work continues on developing new            will be correctly drained to disperse water runoff
management practices and evaluating the effec-      t o mmmne the erosive effects of concentrated
tiveness of the emsting BMP's. Due t o the dy-      water There are many ways to dram a road
namw nature of management practice develop-         correctly; e.g., outslope the road surface, install
ment and refinement, the original Forest Semce      water bars, install French Drains, inslope the
publication documenting BMP's is continually        road surface, mstall culverts, etc It is during the
being updated The current publication refer-        onsite envlronmental assessment of a specific
ence is Water Quality Management for National       road construction project proposal that the ap-
Forest System Lands in California, U.S. Forest      propriate method or combination of methods to
Semce, Pacific Southwest Reson publication,         correctly drain the road are identified.
1979. This publication is hereby incorporated by
reference into this document. Work is underway      After t h e methods and techniques of imple-
to republish the updated version of ths text as a   menting the appropnate BMP's are identified,
Soil and Water Consenration Handbook. Water         they are discussed by the project interdiscipli-
quality management is adrmnistered onNational       nary team. As a result of discussions, the appro-
Forest lands through the continued implementa-      priate m x ofimplementation methods and tech-
tionofBMP'sandthroughtheguidanceofa 1981            niques are selected and mcorporated into the
Management Agency Agreement w t h the State         envlronmental document as required mtigation
of California Water Resources Control Board.        measures These mtigation measures are then
                                                    camed forward into project plans and imple-

Appendix @Water Quality Management                                                                 8- 1
mentation documents; e g , contract language,                  trol Measures Before Sale Closure
design specifications, etc. to assure they are part     1.22   Slash Treatment in Sensitive Areas
of the project work accompbhed Implementa-              1.23   Five-Year Reforestation Requirement
hon on the ground is assured by the Forest              1.24   Non-recumng “C” Provision That Can
Service official responsible for on-site admnis-               Be Used For Water Quality Protection
tration of the project. Supervisory quality con-        1.25   Modification ofthenmber Sale Contract
trol of BMP implementation is attained through
renew of environmental assessments and con-            Road and Building Site
tracts, field reviews of projects, and monitonng        Construction
the quality of the water m the project area when
warranted                                               2.1    General Gudelines for the Location and
                                                               Design of Roads
The Best Management Practices                           2.2    Erosion Control Plan
                                                        2.3    Timng of Construction Activities
There a r e 99 Best Management Practices orga-          2.4    Road Slope Stabdization (Preventive
nized in eight resource categones. They are as                 Practice)
follows, proceeded by the practice number:              25     Road Slope Stabllization (Administra-
                                                               tive Practice)
Timber                                                  2.6    Dispersion of Subsurface Drainage from
                                                               Cut and Fill Slopes
11      Timber Sale Planning Process                    27     Control of Road Drainage
1.2     Timber Harvest Unit Design                      28     Constraints Related t o Pioneer Road
1.3     Use of ErosionHazardRatingfor Timber                   Construction
        Harvest Unit Design                             2.9    Timely Erosion Control Measures on In-
1.4     Use of Sale Area Maps for Designating                  complete Road and Streamcrossing
        Water Quahty Protection Needs                          Projects
1.5     Limiting Operating Period ofTimber Sale         2 10   Construction of Stable Embankments
        Activities                                      21 1   Minimzation of Sidecast Matenal
1.6     Protection of Unstable Areas                    2 12   Semcing and Refueling Equlpment
1.7     Prescribing the Size and Shape of Clear-        2 13   Control of Construction in Streamside
        cuts                                                   Management Zones
1.8     Streamside Management Zone Designa-             2.14   Controlling In-Channel Excavation
        bon                                             2.15   Diversion of Flows Around Construction
1.9     D e t e m n i n g Tractor Loggable Ground              Sites
1.10    Tractor Skidding Design                         2.16   Streamcrossings on Temporary Roads
1.11    Suspended Log Yarding in Timber Har-            2 17   Bndge and Culvert Installation
        vesting                                         2 18   Regulation of Streamside Gravel Borrow
1.12    Log Landing Location                                   Areas
1.13    Emsion Prevention and Control Measures          2 19   Disposal of Right-of-way and Roadside
        Duiing Dmber Sale Operations                           Debns
1.14    Special Erosion Prevention Measures on          2.20   Specifying Riprap Composition
        Disturbed Land                                  2.21   Water Source Development Consistent
1.15    Revegetation o f h e a s Disturbed by Har-             mth Water Quality Protection
        vest Activities                                 2.22   Maintenance of Roads
116     Log Landmg Erosion Prevention and               2.23   Road Surface Treatment t o Prevent Loss
        Control                                                of Matenals
1.17    Erosion Control on Slud Trails                  2 24   Traffic Control During Wet Penods
1.18    Meadow Protection During Timber Har-            2 25   Snow Removal Controls t o Avoid Re-
        vesting                                                source Damage
119     Streamcourse Protection                         2.27   Restoration of Borrow Plts and Quarnes
1.20    Erosion Control Structure Mamtenance            2 28   Surface Erosion Control at Facility Sites
1.21    Acceptance of Timber Sale Erosion Con-

Q-2                                                   Appendix @Water Quality Management
Mining                                             5 10 Pesticide Application Monitonng and
31     Water Resources Protection on Locat-        5.11 Pesticide Spill Contmgency Plan
       able Minerals Operations-pen&ng state       5.12 Cleanlng and Disposal of Pesticide Con-
       approval                                         tainers and Equipment
3.2    Administenng Terms of BLM Issued            5 13 UntreatedBufferStripsforRipananArea
       Permits or Leases for Mineral Explora-           and Streamside Management Zone(SMZ)
       tion and Extraction on National Forest           Protection During Pesticide Spraying
       System Lands                                5.14 Controlling Pesticide Drift During Spray
 .     AdministenngCommonVanetyMineral                  Application
       Removal Permits
                                                   Fire Suppression and Fuels
Recreation                                         Management

4.1    SamplingandSurveillance ofDesignated         .
                                                   61    Fire and Fuel Management Activities
       Swmming Sites                                .
                                                   62    Consideration of Water Quality in For-
42     On-site Multidisciplinary Sanitary Sur-           mulatmg Fire Prescriptions
       veys Will Be Conducted to Augment the       63    Protection of Water Quality from Pre-
       Sampling of Swimmmg Waters                        scribed Burning Effects
43     Prowde Safe Drinhng Water Supplies           .
                                                   64    MmmzingWatershedDamagefrom fire
 .     Documentation of Water Quality Data               Suppression Effects
 .     Control of Sanitation Facilities             .
                                                   65    Repair or Stabilization of Fire Suppres-
4.6    Control of Refuse Disposal                        sion Related Watershed Damage
47     Assuring that Organizational Camps          66    Emergency Rehabilitation ofwatersheds
       Have Proper Sanitation and Water Sup-             Follounng Wildfires
       ply Facilities
 .     Water Quality Monitoring Off-Highway        Watershed Management
       Vehicle Use According to a Developed
       Plan                                        71
                                                    .    Watershed Restoration
49     Sanitation at Hydrants and Faucets          72    Conduct Floodplain Hazard Analysis and
       Within Developed Recreation Sites                 Evaluation
4.10   Protection of Water Quality Within De-      73
                                                    .    Protection of Wetlands
       veloped and Dispersed Recreation Areas      74
                                                    .    Oil and Hazardous Substance Spill Con-
4 11   Location of Pack and Riding Stock Fa-             tingency Plan
       cilities m Wilderness, Pnmitive, and Wil-   75
                                                    .    Control of Actiwties Under Special Use
       derness Study Areas                               Permit
                                                   76    Water Quality Monitoring
Vegetative Manipulation                            77    Management by Closure to Use (Sea-
                                                         sonal, Temporary, and Permanent)
51     Seed Drilling on the Contour                 .
                                                   78    Cumulative Off-Site Watershed Effects
 .     Slope Limtations for Tractor Operation            Analysis (CWE) - pending State approval
 .     Tractor Operation Excluded from Wet-
       lands and Meadows                           Grazing
5.4    Revegetation of Surface Disturbed Areas
55     Tractor Windrowing on the Contour -          .
                                                   81    Range Analysis, Allotment Management
       pending state approval                            Plan, Grazing Permit System, and Per-
56     Soil Moisture Limitations for Tractor             mittee Operating Plan
       Operation                                   82    Controlling Livestock Numbers and Sea-
57     Contour Diskmg                                    son of Use
5.8    Pesticide Use Planning Process               .
                                                   83    ControlllngLivestockDistnbutionWithm
59     Apply Pestiade According to Label and             Allotments
       EPA Remstration Directions                  84    Rangeland Improvements

Appendix @Water Q a i y Management
                 ult                                                                        Q-3
                                   ZONE (SMZ) GUIDELINES

This table gwes width for the streamside management zone (SMZ) for different stream variables.
class, stability, and type of stream. The SMZ widths are slope distances in feet from the top ofbanks
or from a high water h e , measured on each srde of a stream.

  Stream Class 1/             Stability I/                            Type of Stream

                     Channel Adjacent             Perennial 2/ Intermittent 3/Ephemeral 3/
        I            Stable   Stable                 200         100-200         NA
     Highly          Stable   Unstable               250         150-200         NA
   Significant       Unstable Stable                 250         150-200         NA
                     Unstable Unstable               300         200-300         NA

        I1           Stable        Stable                100           50-100               NA
  Significant        Stable        Unstable              150          100-150               NA
                     Unstable      Stable                150          100-150               NA
                     Unstable      Unstable              200          150-200               NA

       III           Stable        Stable                100                50              NA
  Moderately         Stable        Unstable              100               100              NA
  Significant        Unstable      Stable                100                50              NA
                     Unstable      Unstable              100               100              NA

         Iv          Stable        Stable          Not                      50               50
     Minor           Stable        Unstable       Applicable                50               50
  Significance       Unstable      Stable         Not                       50               50
                     Unstable      Unstable       Applicable                50               50

I/ See Reson 5 Forest Servlce Handbook 2509.22
2/ Along perennial streams mth sideslopes steeper than 50 percent, SMZ distance should be the greater
distance from (1)tabulated SMZ distance as honzontal distance, or (2) the distance to the first major slope
break That is, where streams flow through steep-walled canyons or are deeply-incised, SMZ width may exceed
distances shown in the table and include the entire inner valley gorge area The Forest Hydrologst is
responsible for specifyingthe correct SMZ distance for perennial streams in proJect areas.
3/ Along ephemeral and intermittent steams with sideslopes steeper than 50 percent, adpst slope distances t o
achieve the tabulated SMZ distances as horizontal distances

Appendix R-Sreamside Management Zone Guidelines                                                         R- 1

Introduction                                            the results of further biologxal consultation
                                                        The 50-11-40 rule wdl be adopted for areas adja-
The purpose of this appendix is to descnbe the          cent to the HCA within the range of the northern
planning framework used by the Lassen Na-               spotted owl Under this rule, 50 percent of the
tional Forest for management of Spotted Owl             land outside the HCA lnll be managed to main-
Habitat Areas (SOHA'S) for the California spot-         tain timber stands with an average 11inch dbh
ted owl The primary purpose of spotted owl              and 40 percent canopy closure
habitat management is to maintain a nable
population of the species on the Lassen National        Although the rest ofthe Forest south of Highway
Forest and throughout its historical range within       299 is not lnthin the Klamath Province, the
the ReBon                                               Commttee'sreportraisedsenous questions about
                                                        the establishment of SOHA networks to main-
Planned Habitat Capability                              tain population viability forthe northern spotted
                                                        owl Because the SOHA concept has also been
Follolnng Regonal guidelines, the number of             used for the California spotted owl, the report
SOHA's necessary to promote a vlable popula-            may have implications on how the Lassen Na-
tion for the California spotted owl on the Lassen       tional Forest manages this species At present,
National Forest is 39 The adopted Plan desig-           an interagency task force has been established t o
nates 40 SOHA's for the California spotted owl          evaluate other management options in place of
                                                        SOHA networks Vegetative management
The area north of Highway 299 is considered             actinties within suitable Califorma spotted owl
mthin the range of the northern spotted owl             habitat mII1 be evaluated for cumulative effects
The narrow corridor hetween the Lassen Na-              on existing owl populations until management
tional Forest and the Shasta-Trinity National           direction is determined
Forest in this area was included in the study by
the Interagency Scientific Committee t o Address        Habitat Needs
the Conservation of the Northern Spotted Owl
( I S 0 The Committee was asked t o develop a           Spotted owl habitat is charactenzed by mature
scientifically credible conservation strategy for       and overmature, multi-layered stands with mod-
the northern spotted owl in Washington, Or-             erate to abundantunderstory oftrees andshrubs,
egon, and the Klamath Province of northern              and moderate to abundant decadence The char-
California In Apnl1990, the Committee recom-            actenstics, spatial arrangement, and size oftim-
mended the creation of Habitat Conservation             ber stands within the SOHA's are critical to the
Areas (HCA) One HCA, compnsing a total of               sumval of the spotted owl Appendix H of the
9,548 acres, is located on a portion of Shasta          Final Environmental Impact Statement for the
National Forest that is administered by the             Pacific Southwest Regional Guide (1984) speci-
Lassen      Two former SOHA's are within the            fies that habitat managed for spotted owls must
HCA, and one is located outside, but still mthin        exist within a n area no larger than 4,500 acres,
the area of study by the ISC These three areas          which is equivalent t o a circle of 1-1/2mile radius
are no longer being managed as SOHA'S Recom-            around a core or nesting area Append= H
mendations contained within the ISC Report              further specifies that within a 4,500 acre SOHA,
m11 be followed pending the adoption of a recov-        1,000 acres of base habitat and 650 acres of
ery plan by the U S Fish and Wildlife Service,          replacement habitat are needed a t all times to
the enactment of new legdation, any applicable          maintain one vlable pair of owls 1/
action by the Endangered Species Committee, or

1/ Definitions of suitable habitat and a description of the spatial arrangement needed for this habitat can be
   found In Appendix H ofthe Final Envlronmental Impact Statement for the Paclfic Southwest Reaonal Guide

Appendix +Spotted            Owl Habitat Management                                                      s- 1
In December 1982, the Forest identified the         Table S-I
location of39 SOHA's that best met the Reaonal
requirements for an owl network t o maintain        Spotted Owl Habitat Area Number
species vlability while minimizing the impact on    B y Ranger District
other Forest goals The SOHA network was
based on several factors (1)the presence of owls    Ranger District     SOHA Number
or suitable habitat, (2) proper distribution as     Almanor             1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 33,
defined in Reponal direction, (3) the presence of                       35, 39,41, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53,
amounts of owl habitat that most closely met the                        55, 97, 99
1,000 acre guideline for suitable base habitat
and 650 acres of replacement habitat, and (4)the    Eagle Lake          19,21, 23,25,27, 29, 37,85
lack of conflict with active timber sales.          Hat Creek           57, 59, 61, 63, 65, 67, 69, 71,
                                                                        73, 75, 79
As a result of a 1991survey, 191adult owls were
located on the Forest One is within the range of
the northern spotted owl; the others are Cahfor-
nia spotted owls Of these, 87 are paired There
                                                    Management Methods
were 17 reproducing pairs in 1990 on the Forest
                                                    A SOHA can be managed using any one or any
and 36 in 1991 Within the SOHA network since
                                                    combination of three silvicultural methods Ap-
1985, we have recorded 24 sites with reproduc-      pendur H of the Fcnal Environmental Impact
tion, 19 others had occupancy, three had pres-      Statement for the Pacific Southwest Regional
ence, and seven SOHA's have recorded more           Guide (1984) describes these methods as even-
than one pair of owls 1/                            aged timber management, uneven-aged timber
                                                    management, and no scheduled timber harvest
The current amounts of suitable habitat in the      Under the Plan, there will be no scheduled tim-
Forest's SOHA network are below the popula-         ber harvest within SOHA's on the Lassen Na-
tion vlability standards set forth in the Reaonal   tional Forest Annual yields from the SOHA
Guide Of the 40,000 acres designated as base        network andHCAwould equate to approximately
spotted owl habitat, 27,153 acres (or 68 percent)   27 MMBF if harvesting occurred
are suitable; 32 percent do not contain the veg-
etative conditions necessary t o maintain popula-   Salvage activlties may be appropnate in certain
                                                    circumstances to remove heavy concentrations
tion Viability a t this time All SOHA'S will have
                                                    of insect or drought-killed timber, and protect
the required acres of suitable habitat within the   stands against catastrophic wildfire losses If
next three t o five decades                         timber harvesting(w1th the exceptxon ofsalvage)
                                                    or other projects are planned within SOHA's, or
Distribution of Habitat                             might affect SOHA owls or their habitat, a Spot-
                                                    ted Owl Management Plan will be prepared
The appropnate distribution of these SOHA's         SOHA Management Plans provide a scientific
throughout the Forest was designed by the For-      analysis of the purpose and need for the project
est Wildlife Biologst to allow for continued dis-   and any mitigation measures required to insure
persion and random interchange between mem-         that species viability will not be compromised
bers of the population Thirty-two SOHA's are        No timber harvesting will occur inside SOHA's
within a mile of a t least one other SOHA Table     unless the Spotted Owl Management Plan deter-
S-1 shows the SOHA numbers by Ranger Dis-           mines that timber management will maintain or
                                                    enhance the quality of habitat within them

II A SOHA has occupancy when a non-reproducing owl pair has been recorded A SOHA has presence
when a single owl is found

5-2                                     Appendix S-Spotted Owl Habitat Management
The L Prescription will be followed for leavlng      known pairs ofowls outside ofHCAs. The report
the required number of snags and down mate-          recommends 80 acres or a 1/4mile radius circle
rial                                                 (125 acres) for these pairs The Forest agreed
                                                     that 125 acres for known pairs outside of SOHA's
Because the present SOHA network does not            would provide for minimal nesting habitat and
contain the required acres ofsuitable habitat, as    the opportunity for dispersal into the SOHA
now defined to maintain population vlability,        network. If a single owl is found, 126 acres will
the Forest developed a management strategy t o       be protected for up to two field seasons to allow
protect non-network owls. Under this strategy,       enough time for bioloDsts to determine the sta-
an additional 125 acres will be protected for each   tus of the bird. Management of non-network
non-network pair of owls inventoned. This 125        owls will continue until there is a reproducing
acres size delineation was developed from the        pair mthin each SOHA in the network, an esti-
standards and guides in the ISC Report for           mated three to five decades from now

                                        ~~     ~~

Appendix S s p o t t e d Owl Habitat Management                                                  s-3

Introduction                                              netic interchange throughout the length
                                                          of the Forest
This appendix describes the assumptions and
                                                      3) Habitatwaslocatedonlands where there
procedures used by the Lassen National Forest
                                                         have been historical sightings of these
t o model marten and fisher management The
                                                         species In addition, a secondary objec-
maintenance of vlable populations of all native
                                                         tive in identifymg marten and fisher
vertebrate species is mandated under the
                                                         habitat areas and travel corndors was to
National Forest Management Act and its
interpretingregulations foundin Section 219 19           locate them on lands already mthdrawn
                                                         from full timber management t o the ex-
ofthe Code of Federal Regulations Both marten
                                                         tent feasible These include wildernesses,
and fisher are Management Indicator Species
                                                         Research Natural Areas, Special Inter-
(MIS) on the Lassen National Forest They
represent species that prefer habitat conditions         est Areas, Wild and Scenic River com-
                                                         dors, Spotted Owl Habitat Areas, gos-
mth late successional stage vegetation These
                                                         hawk territones, n p a n a n areas, semi-
two species are also listed as Sensitive by the
                                                         primitive areas, and some vlsual areas.
Reaonal Forester
                                                         This minimizes the effect marten and
                                                         fisher management would have on other
The management objective formarten and fisher
is to maintain and enhance their populations
                                                         resource objectives.
where possible, to insure they do not become
federally listed as Threatened or Endangered          4) All components of the habitat would be
                                                         met mthin a n area of approxlmately
Suitable marten and fisher habitat was identi-
                                                         2,100 acres for marten and 9,800 acres
fied based on the latest scientific knowledge as
                                                         for fisher All habitat areas are con-
summarized in a comprehensive regional lit-
                                                         nected by travel corndors based on the
erature renew.
                                                         latest scientific knowledge for spacing
Habitat management areas (HMA's) were es-                and m d t h
tablished using these gudelines to 1)determine
                                                      5) Redfir, whitefir, muredconlfer andlodge-
approximate locations of terntones; 2 ) deter-
mine the effects of these territones on timber           pole pine were all considered smtable
management objectives and; 3) develop recom-             vegetation communities for fisher and
mendations for marten and fisher habitat hstn-           marten
bution on the Forest
                                                   &bitat N e s and Distribution
                                                   The majority of marten and fisher habitat is
                                                   located along the western half of the Forest in
    1) Marten and fisher habitat was mapped
       t o obtain a moderate habitat capability    mature, mixed conifer stands mth dense crown
       so that each breeding pair can repro-       canopy closures. In total, 93,900 acres on the
       duce, and provide a t least two offspnng    Forest have been identified as marten and fisher
       to the gene pool Each habitat area can      habitat management areas This includes home
       support one male and two females            range and travel comdors At this time, HMA's
                                                   have only been tentatively located on the Forest.
                                                   HMA's will he firmly identified by December
    2 ) Habitat was identified to provide breed-
        ing areas and travel comdors to facih-     1992, pending additional management direction
        tate movement of indivlduals and ge-       and field renew of tentatively selected areas.

Appendix T-Furbearer Management                                                                T- 1
Under the moderate habitat capability model,         Marten and fisher habitat mll be managed un-
the home range for fisher compnses 9,800 acres       der a no scheduled harvest prescription for the
Habitat areas are spaced 3 to 8 m l e s apart        following reasons
Travel comdors between the areas are 600 feet
wide These areas are continuous blocks of land          1) At this time, we do not have specific
with a majonty of the area compnsed of well                 information on what habitat conditions
stocked, large sawtimber (3G and 4G), and old               currently exlst on the Lassen National
growth stands Five fisher habitat areas were                Forest that contnbute toward the main-
identified on the Lassen National Forest totaling           tenance of vlable populations of the spe-
63,500 acres T w o of these areas also overlap              cies Until this information becomes
mth four marten areas                                       available, it is necessary to preserve our
                                                            management options to maintain spe-
Marten reqmrements under the moderate habi-                 cies nabihty. Also, the Lassen National
tat capability model call for 2,100 acres of home           Forest only contnbutes to population vi-
range mth a minimum stand size of 80 acres                  ability for marten and fisher Because
Again, large sawtimber and old growth stands                their habitat needs are greater than the
were considered smtable for marten habitat                  Lassen can provide, our habitat areas
Management areas are spaced approximately                   mll be linked with adjacent National
three miles apart mth a n average corndor width             Forests Future management actinties
of 600 feet t o provlde a travelway to other areas          to pronde for viability mll be coorh-
The travel corndors are generally located along             nated with those Forests
npanan zones A total of 19 management areas
were established on the Forest for marten com-          2) Based on existing information, we have
pnsing 30,400 acres                                        hmited suitable furbearer habitat on the
                                                           Forest right now. Exlsting habitat is
Marten and fisher habitat management areas                 being fragmented by continued loggmg
and travel comdors w11 receive a no scheduled              and, in most instances, no longer meets
timber harvest presenption Because the mar-                the medium habitat capability for mar-
ten and fisher management areas are located                ten and fisher At our current rate of
pnmanly on lands already withdrawn from full               harvest, suitable habitat t o maintain
timber management, the total number of acres               population wability m11 be jeopardized
which are dedicated solely to these species is             Using the Reaonal Office’s literature
24,800 Under FORPLAN modeling, annual                      review as a gude, 33 percent of our
yelds from HMA’s would equate to about 7                   furbearer areas are deficit in suitable
MMBF if timber harvesting occurred                         habitat and do not meet the medium
                                                           habitat capability model defined by this
Salvage actinties may be appropriate in certain            review We recommend a policy of no
circumstances to remove heavy concentrations               scheduled harvest until suitable habitat
of insect or drought killed timber, and protect            is available
stands against catastrophic mldfire losses No
timber harvesting will occur unless a biologxal         3) Currently, there is no research data or
evaluation and NEPA analysis determines that               other empincal evidence to suggest that
timber management (salvage) mll maintain o r               we can harvest within furbearer areas
enhance the quality of habitat for these species           and still maintain suitable habitat con-
The L Presenption will be followed for leavlng             ditions Until there is additional re-
the required number of snags and down mate-                search, we do not recommend any silvi-
nal                                                        cultural treatments other than inciden-
                                                           tal removal of salvage volume

T-2                                                  Appendix T-Furbearer Management

                                                                         ~   ~~~
Each Wildlife Habitat Relationship (WHR) code for forested lands is briefly descnbed as follows.

       Code                   Definition
         1                    Barren/grass/forbs

         2                    Shrub/seedling/sapling, tree saplings <11" DBH

         2A                   <40% tree canopy closure
         2B                   40-70% tree canopy closure
         2c                   >70% tree canopy closure

         3                    Small sawtimber; 11-24 DBH

         3A                   <40% overstory canopy closure
         3B                   40-7096 overstory canopy closure
         3c                   >70% overstory canopy closure

         4                    Medium to large sawtimber, > 2 4 DBH

         4A                   <40% overstory canopy closure
         4B                   40-70% overstory canopy closure
         4c                   >70% overstory canopy closure
         4C-older             Same as 4C, except older and more decadent

         5                    Two storied stand; scattered overstory above a well-stocked

 For forested lands only.

Appendix U-Seral Stage Codes                                                                 u- 1
                                 GRAZING ALLOTMENT

1992-1995                                            2006-2010
   Campbell Mountain                                     Soldier Meadows
   Champs Flat                                           South Hot Springs
   Cone Ward South                                       Bear Valley
   Harvey Valley                                         Cayton
   Hot Spnngs                                            Dime Valley
   Lower Pine Creek                                      Gooch Valley
   North Eagle                                           West Humbug
   South Eagle Lake                                      Willow Springs
   Tehama                                                Blue Lake
   Upper Pine Creek                                      Bull Hill

1996-2000                                            2011-2015
   Benner                                                Butt Creek
   Bndge Creek                                           Coon Hollow
   Butte Meadows                                         Murphy Hill
   Clover Valley                                         North Creek and North Butte
   Grays Valley                                          North Hot Spnngs
   Silver Lake                                           Soldier Mountain
   Susan River                                           Bainbridge
   Feather River                                         Bald Mountain
   Hat Creek                                             Butte Creek
   Manzanita Lake                                        Coyote Springs

2001-2005                                            2016-2020
   Martin-Digger                                         Horse Valley
   Morgan Springs                                        Murken Lake
   North Battle Creek                                    Proctor Creek
   Poison Lake                                           Signal Butte
   Rice Creek                                            Six Mile
   Robbers Creek                                         Chips Creek
   Antelope                                              Collins
   Deer Creek                                            Coyote
   Homer Lake                                            Diamond Mountain
   Lyonsville                                            Fredonyer
                                                         Mountain Meadows

Note This schedule 1s tentative, and may change to be more responsive to resource conditions
      or permit administration needs
                                 ~   ~~

Appendix V-Priorities for Revising Grazing AMPs                                                v- 1
t   Us GOVERNMENTPRlNnNG OFFICE   1982 687-104

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