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brief history of the kentucky derby

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					    Kentucky Leadership Center




There’s a rocking chair
   with your name                  The CHIES
 on it waiting for you!
                                 Kentucky Derby:
                                     Roses
                                  of Extension

                                  Chi Epsilon Sigma
                                   Annual Meeting
                                  April 19th—20th, 2007
                Kentucky Derby
Col. M. Lewis Clark, Jr., inspired by the Epsom Derby in England,
inaugurated the Kentucky Derby in 1875 at his newly opened               My Old Kentucky Home
Louisville Jockey Club Course (Churchill Downs wouldn’t get its
current name until 1886). The race was designed to be the
centerpiece of Thoroughbred racing in Kentucky, as well as being                     Stephen Foster
the major social event of the year in Louisville.

The Kentucky Derby has achieved those goals and more, but it
                                                                       (Don’t forget to stand when you sing this song.)
wasn’t easy. The race was first run at 1-1/2 miles — the same as
the Epsom Derby—but the distance fell out of favor with owners
and breeders after several decades, and the distance was changed to
its current 1-1/4 miles in 1896. Scandal, mismanagement, and           The sun shines bright on my old Kentucky home
Churchill Downs’ status as a “western” track also conspired to
                                                                              ‘tis Summer, the people are gay,
diminish the race’s stature for most of the late 1800’s and early
1900’s.                                                               the corn top’s ripe and the meadow’s in the bloom
                                                                           while the birds make music all the day.
Then along came Col. Matt Winn, a native Louisvillian who
witnessed the first Derby as a teenager and never missed the raced      The young folks roll on the little cabin floor
until he died in 1949. Winn organized a group of businessmen to                all merry, all happy, and bright.
buy Churchill Downs and save it from closure in 1902. By 1903,        by’n by hard times comes a-knocking at the door,
he had become general manager, and his vision, enthusiasm, and
                                                                           then my old Kentucky home, good night.
personality helped bring the country’s leading three-year-olds back
to the Derby.
                                                                                          Chorus:
The Derby, which had been held in mid-May for most of the early                    Weep no more, my lady,
1900’s, was moved to the first Saturday in May in 1932 and has                    Oh weep no more today.
remained there, with just a couple exceptions, ever since.            We will sing one song for my old Kentucky home,
Universally regarded as one of the world’s leading races, the              for my old Kentucky home far away.
Kentucky Derby has achieved all Col. Clark envisioned, and
beyond.

“If you haven’t been to the Derby, you ain’t been nowhere and you
ain’t done nothin.” - Irvin Cobb.
                                   The Chi Epsilon Sigma Board of Directors
                                         cordially welcome you to the


                                               2007
                                         Chi Epsilon Sigma
                                         Annual Meeting

                                         The winning theme was submitted by:
                                     Crystal Jewell, Jessica Lawrence, Abby Sorrell,
                                       and Shellie Castle from Jessamine County.




We hope you had a great time and      If you are here for the first time, we hope it will be
leave with a “winning” attitude.         a wonderful, memorable, learning experience
                                           as well as having some well-earned fun.

                                     We have included a few recipes traditionally served
                                       during the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs
                                     as well as other information gathered from around
                                                 our grand Commonwealth.
                Agenda
 Chi Epsilon Sigma Annual Meeting
          April 19th & 20th, 2007
             Jabez, Kentucky

           Thursday, April 19th

 9:00 - 11:00       Registration
10:00               Ice Breaker
11:00               Opening Session
 Noon               Lunch
                    Greetings from President
                    Welcome to Leadership Center
1:15                Break-Out Session 1
2:15                Break
2:30                Break-Out Session 2
3:30                Break (drinks only)
3:45                Break-Out Session 3
5:00                Business Meeting
6:30                Dinner
8:00                Breakout Session 4
8:00                Entertainment



            Friday, April 20th

 7:30               Breakfast
 8:30               Break-Out Session 1
 9:30               Break (drinks only)
10:00               Break-Out Session 2
10:45               Break-Out Session 3
11:45               Closing Session
12:45               Lunch

                                                   …. and they' re off!!
        Have you bought your Derby Ticket?
                                                                                          Breakout Sessions
If you have ever thought of going to Churchill Downs, here are some
                                                                                  Are You on the Right “Trac?” - Tammy Akin
prices to contemplate prior to purchasing your ticket(s).
                                                                                 Dazzling “Derby” Details - Marisa Fitzgerald
                                                                               Don’t “Wager” Your Identify - Loren “Squirrel” Carl
Following are some prices that we found on the Internet. We did a            “Down the Stretch” - Natalie True & Shirley Roberson
search: “tickets to the Kentucky Derby” and found several sites. One                 Feel Like a “Filly” Again - Joyce Doyle
site was: www.selectaticket.com. The prices are based on where you         Get in the “Race” for Health - First Lady Glenna Fletcher
would like to sit.                                                                  Save That “Photo Finish” - Anita Vance
                                                                              Save Your Energy for the “Race” - Valerie Hudson
                                                                                 Stay Ahead of the “Pack” - Martha Thompson
Section 10, Row E, Infield Bleachers                    $ 355.00/ea                 The “Finishing” Touch - Marilyn Hooks
First Floor Grandstand Terrace, Sect 127, Row L         $ 380.00/ea
                                                                          The Real “Triple Crown” - Doug McLaren, Amanda Gumbert
First Floor Grandstands, Section 125-128                $ 395.00/ea
                                                                                                   Officers
First Floor Grandstands, Section 123-124                $ 465.00/ea
First Floor Clubhouse, Section 111-112                  $ 625.00/ea                       President: Lillie Thompson
                                                                                         President-Elect: Sally Tanner
Second Floor Grandstand, Section 222-223                $ 655.00/ea
                                                                                       Vice-President: Charolette Arnett
Finish Line Boxes Clubhouse, Section 117 Row F          $ 980.00/ea
                                                                                         Secretary: Evonne Blackburn
First Floor Clubhouse, Section 116-118                  $1,225.00/ea                       Treasurer: Beanna Bixler
Third Floor Clubhouse, Section 315 or 318               $2,295.00/ea                        Annalist: Debra Combs
First Floor Clubhouse, Section 111-112                  $3,050/ea.                      Past President: Donna Browne
   at the first turn past the finish line, box of 6 seats
                                                                                                  Directors
Millionaires Row (Pls Inquire), Section 412-417         $4,300.00/ea                       Bluegrass: Venita Wood
4th, 5th, 6th floor selections                          $4,306.00/ea                        Fort Harrod: Kym Pope
                                                                                           Green River: Linda Tapp
There are more ranging from $4,000 and up.                                          Lake Cumberland: Darlene Humphress
                                                                                          Licking River: Angie Elliott
Section 317, Row G, #8 Seat Clubhouse Box               $ 19,795.00/ea                    Lincoln Trail: Susan Martin
Section 513, Millionaires Row, 5th Floor Table          $ 34,240.00/ea
                                                                                         Louisville: Donna Thompson
                                                                                       Mammoth Cave: Linda Childress
Luxury Suite, Row 20, Derby and Oaks Day                $105,930.00/ea,
                                                                                             Northeast: Gail Rice
or you can select just the Derby and the cost is only   $ 95,230.00/ea
                                                                                      Northern Kentucky: Marilyn Lauer
Now that’s a bargain!                                                                       Pennyrile: Gay Ledford
                                                                                            Purchase: Deena Myatt
    By the way, if you want to attend the Barnstable Brown Gala,                        Quicksand: Wanda Dennison
   the cost is a mere $1,250 a ticket, and is, of course, very chic.                      UK Campus: Bob O'Brien
                                                                                         UK Campus: Marilyn Hooks
  Now, just hop in your personal jet or helicopter and head on down.                   Wilderness Trail: Eileen Estridge
                     Man, I have to get a new hat!
              A Brief History of Bourbon                                     “Run for the Roses”
In the 1700’s Kentucky was originally part of Virginia, and by promising     The roses were first established as part of the
to build a cabin and grow corn, pioneers were granted land rights in         Derby celebration when they were presented to
what was to become the Bluegrass State. Many of these early settlers         all the ladies attending a fashionable Louisville
were immigrant farmer-distillers from Scotland and Ireland, and              Derby party. The roses were such a sensation,
because they were obligated to grow corn and were familiar with the          that the president of Churchill Downs, Col.
distillation process, they soon figured out how to make whiskey.             Lewis Clark, adopted the rose as the race's
                                                                             official flower. The rose garland now synonymous with the Kentucky
By the late 1700’s Kentuckians were shipping whiskey down the Ohio           Derby first appeared in the 1896 when the winner, Ben Brush,
and Mississippi Rivers to New Orleans. The whiskey was shipped               received a floral arrangement of white and pink roses.
from Limestone, a riverside port in Bourbon County, Kentucky, and
was soon known as “that whiskey from Bourbon.” Eventually, just the          In 1904, the red rose became the official flower of the Kentucky
word bourbon would suffice. Whiskey was often prescribed for its             Derby. The tradition was strengthened when, in 1925, New York
medical qualities and was used to barter with the native Americans for       sports columnist Bill Corum, later the president of Churchill Downs,
food, fur, and sometimes land.                                               dubbed the Kentucky Derby, the "Run for the Roses". The garland
                                                                             as it exists today was first introduced in 1932 for the 58th running
Jacob Meyers and Jacob Froman from Lincoln County, Marshall                  won by Burgoo King.
Brashear of Jefferson County, Elijah Craig of Scott County, or Jacob
Spears of Bourbon County may have produced the first bourbon, but it         Each year, a garland of 554 red roses is sewn into a green satin
is doubtful that their whiskey was aged as our bourbons are now. It          backing with the seal of the Commonwealth on one end and the twin
took a Scotsman, Dr. James Crow, the founder of Old Crow bourbon,            spires and number of the running on the other. Each garland is also
to insist on aging his whiskey in charred new oak casks and for              adorned with a "Crown" of roses, green fern and ribbon. The
perfecting the sour-mash method of whiskey making.                           "Crown", a single rose pointing upward in the center of the garland,
                                                                             symbolizes the struggle and heart necessary to reach the winners'
The steam engine marked an explosion in the bourbon market and the           circle.
railroad made it much easier to export the finished whiskey. At the
time, bourbon was shipped in its original barrel but was often diluted or    Each year the Governor and other dignitaries present the winning
replaced with other brands along the way. To remedy this problem, in         jockey with a bouquet of 60 long stemmed roses wrapped in ten
1790 the Louisville druggist George Garvin Brown became the first to         yards of ribbon.
sell bourbon in sealed bottles. He later went on to found his own
bourbon, Old Forester, and the Brown-Foreman Corporation.                    For several years, owners of the Derby winner also received a silk
                                                                             replica of the garland, but since Grindstone's 1996 victory, the actual
Bourbon Today                                                                garland has made the trip to Danville, Kentucky to be freeze-dried.
Today much of the method of making bourbon is mandated by law.               Some owners have even gone as far as to have a flower dipped in
Bourbon must be made with a minimum of 51 percent corn and lesser            silver. A silver dipped flower from the garland of Gato del Sol, the
amount of wheat, rye and barley, yeast and distilled limestone water.        1982 winner, is on display in the Kentucky Derby Museum.
It must also be aged in new oak barrels that have been charred on the
inside which gives the bourbon its reddish color and distinctive flavor.     The Kroger Company has been the official florist of the Kentucky
Aging must take place for a minimum of two years, but most are aged          Derby since 1987. After taking over the duties from the Kingsley
from four to eight years - - the longer the better. If aged less than four   Walker florist, Kroger began constructing the prestigious garland in
years, labeling must include age.                                            one of its local stores for the public to view on Derby Eve.
As a point of pride, in 1964, Congress declared bourbon to be a              The preservation of the garland and crowds of spectators watching
distinctive product of the United States -- no other country in the world    its construction are a testament to the prestige and mystique of the
is allowed to produce a whiskey called “bourbon” and Kentucky is
                                                                             Garland of Roses.
often considered the “Bourbon Capitol of the World.”
Hot Brown Sandwich
                                                                      Bread Pudding with Bourbon Sauce
Chef Fred K. Schmidt of the Brown Hotel in Louisville, Kentucky,
created the Hot Brown sandwich in 1926. In the 1920’s, the            1 lb French style bread (the firmer the better)
Brown Hotel drew over 1,200 guests each evening for its dinner        3-1/4 cups milk
dance. The band would play until late, and when the band took         3 eggs
bread, around midnight, people would retire to the restaurant for a   2 tsp. vanilla
bite to eat. Bored with the traditional ham and eggs, Chef            3/4 cup granulated sugar
Schmidt, delighted his guests by creating the Hot Brown.              1/4 tsp cinnamon
                                                                      1/4 cup pecans
The recipe is presented to you herewith:                              1/4 cup raisins (optional)
                                                                      Bourbon Sauce (recipe follows)
6 tablespoons butter
6 tablespoons all-purpose flour                                       Tear bread into medium pieces. Add sugar and cinnamon. Mix
3 cups milk                                                           milk, lightly beaten eggs, and vanilla. Add to bread mixture. Place
1/2 cup freshly grated Parmesan cheese                                1/2 mix in casserole. Layer pecans and raisins, if used. Top with
1 egg, room temperature and beaten                                    the rest of the mix. Bake at 350 degrees for 30 minutes or until
Salt & black pepper to taste                                          lightly brown. Serve warm with Bourbon Sauce.
1/2 cup prepared whipped cream
8 slices toasted white bread, crust trimmed off
1 pound cooked turkey breast, thinly sliced
Grated Parmesan cheese for topping
1 (2-ounce) jar diced pimientos, drained
8 bacon sliced, fried crisp

In a large saucepan over medium heat, melt butter. Gradually add
flour, stirring constantly, until smooth and free from lumps.
Gradually stir in milk until sauce comes to a gentle boil, stirring    Bourbon Sauce
constantly; remove from heat. Add Parmesan cheese and stir until
melted and well blended.                                              1 cup granulated sugar
                                                                      6 Tblsp butter melted
In a small bowl, beat egg. Gradually add 1 cup of the hot sauce,      1/2 cup buttermilk
1/3 cup at time, to the egg, stirring constantly. Gradually add egg   1 Tblsp (or more) Bourbon
mixture to remaining sauce, stirring constantly until well blended;   1/2 tsp baking soda
add salt and pepper to taste. Fold in whipped cream. For each         1 Tblsp white corn syrup
Hot Brown sandwich, place two slices of toasted bread on a metal      1 tsp vanilla
(or flameproof) dish. Cover the toast with a liberal amount of
turkey. Pour a generous amount of sauce over the turkey.              In a sauce pan mix all ingredients. Bring to a boil for 1 minute.
Sprinkle with additional Parmesan cheese. Place entire dish           Serve warm.
under a broiler until the sauce is speckled brown and bubbly.
Remove from broiler, sprinkle with diced pimientos, cross two
pieces of crisp bacon over the top, and serve immediately.
 Bread Pudding with Whiskey Sauce                                    Ale-8-One®
 Pudding                           Custard Mix                       Ale-8-One®, the soft drink unique to Kentucky, has been bottled in
                                                                     Winchester since 1926.
 1/2 lb. French bread,             2 cups sugar
   preferably stale                1 tsp. salt                       Still a closely guarded family secret, the Ale-8-One® formula was
 1/4 cup pecans, toasted           8 extra-large eggs                developed by G. L. Wainscott in the 1920’s, after experimentation
 4 oz. butter, melted              5-1/2 cups milk                   with ginger-blended recipes he acquired during extensive travels in
                                   1 tsp. vanilla                    Northern Europe. He sponsored one of America’s first “name the
 Break bread into medium                                             product” contests, and “A Late One” was the winning entry. The
 pieces. Add pecans and            In a large bowl, blend eggs,      drink’s logo, Ale-8-One®, was adopted as a pun of its description as
 melted butter. Arrange in a 9     salt and sugar lightly with       the latest thing in soft drinks.
 x 13” baking dish. Pour           wire whisk. Add vanilla and
 custard over bread pieces.        milk. Blend and strain. Set       Wainscott had been in the soft drink business in Winchester since
                                   aside.                            1902, bottling several flavored drinks in a plant on North Main
                                                                     Street. In 1906, he introduced Roxa-Kola, a popular rival to the cola
                                                                     drinks then available. By 1935, Wainscott had moved his growing
Place the baking dish in a larger pan containing a small amount      bottling operation to a converted livery stable on West Broadway.
of water to create a double boiler effect. Bake at 350 degrees
for 50-60 minutes or a knife blade inserted into the center of the   Jane Rogers Wainscott inherited half of her husband’s company at
pudding comes out clean.                                             his death in 1944; the other half was divided among the company’s
                                                                     employees. At her death in 1954, Mrs. Wainscott left her interest to
                                                                     her brother, Frank A. Rogers.

                                                                     Mr. Rogers bought out his partners in 1962, and incorporated the
                                                                     Ale-8-One® Bottling Company. Frank A. Rogers, Jr. became
                                                                     manager, was later named president, and the phenomenal growth
                                                                     of the new corporation began.

                                                                     Production of Roxa-Kola was discontinued in 1964, and in 1965 the
Whiskey Sauce                                                        company built a new plant on Carol Road. By 1974, the remaining
                                                                     Wainscott flavored drinks were dropped in order to
8 oz. butter, melted                                                 concentrate on Ale-8-One® and Frank A. Rogers, III
2 extra-large eggs                                                   joined the company’s management.
2 cup powdered sugar
2 Tbsp Whiskey                                                       In 1976, a warehouse was constructed on an
                                                                     adjacent lot, and in 1980-81, a two-story syrup room
Melt butter. Whip in powdered sugar.                                 was added to the main building. In 1989 the
Fold in well-beaten eggs. Add whiskey.                               company built an extensive addition which tripled
Serve warm over bread pudding.                                       warehouse space and includes a two-story office
                                                                     building. Today, Ale-8-One® is operated by Frank
                                                                     A. Rogers III and owned by him and his children.
 Derby Pie®
2 eggs
1 cup sugar                                                              Kentucky Bourbon Balls
1 stick butter, melted and cooled
1/2 cup flour                                                            1/4 cup bourbon
3/4 - 1 cup chocolate chips                                              2 cups finely chopped pecans
1 cup chopped nuts (walnut or pecans)                                    1 cup (2 sticks) butter, softened (Use real butter, not margarine)
2 Tbsp. bourbon                                                          1 (5-ounce) can evaporated milk
2 Tbsp. vanilla                                                          3 pounds confectioners’ sugar
1 unbaked 9 inch pie shell                                               4 cups (24 ounces) semisweet chocolate chips

Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Beat eggs until lemon colored.              Pour the bourbon over the pecans in a bowl and toss to coat.
Gradually beat in sugar. Fold in alternately butter and flour. Stir in   Combine the butter, evaporated milk and confectioners’ sugar in a
bourbon, vanilla, then chocolate chips and nuts. Pour into unbaked       bowl and blend well. Add the pecan mixture and knead well. Roll
pie shell and bake for 35-45 minutes or until inserted knife comes       into 1-inch balls. Place on a tray. Chill until firm.
out clean.
                                                                         Temper (melt) the chocolate. Dip the balls into the chocolate
                                                                         using a dipping fork or wooden pick and shake off the excess
Derby Pie was born nearly a half century ago as the specialty            chocolate. Place on a tray lined with waxed paper. Let stand until
pastry of the Melrose Inn at Prospect, Kentucky. Once developed,         cool. Place in individual petit-four packages. (You may substitute
a proper name had to be given. Because each family member had            4 cups of candy coating for the semisweet chocolate chips). Yield
a favorite, the name DERBY-PIE® was actually pulled from a hat.          approximately 96 servings.

And what a winner! By 1968, Derby Pie® had become so
successful that the name was registered with the U.S. Patent
Office and the Commonwealth of Kentucky.                                                        Feeding the Masses

                                                                                  Here’s an example of how much food is served
                                                                                     at Churchill Downs for 130,000+ people
Derby Pie® 2
                                                                                              At the Concessions:
1 cup sugar
1 cup Karo corn syrup                                                            80,000 Mint Juleps (8,000 quarts of julep mix,
4 eggs                                                                                 150 bushels of mint, 60 tons of ice)
1/2 cup melted butter                                                                           75,000 hot dogs
1 cup chopped pecans                                                                      4,000 gallons of soft drinks
3/4 cup chocolate chips
                                                                                     2,000 kegs of beer (110 beers per keg)
1 tsp. vanilla extract
2 Tbsp (or 3 doesn’t hurt) good Kentucky Bourbon                                               50,000 souvenirs
1 (9-inch) unbaked pie shell
                                                                          In the Dining Rooms:
Combine sugar, syrup and eggs in a small mixing bowl; beat at low         1,000 lbs of beef                 2,000 lbs of shrimp cocktail
speed with electric mixer until blended. Stir in next 5 ingredients.
                                                                          1,500 lbs of prime rib            1,500 lbs of sirloin tip beef
Pour filling into unbaked 9 in. pie shell. Bake at 350 degrees for 45
minutes or until set. Yield 6 to 8 servings.                              1,600 lbs seafood salad           1,100 gallons soup
Mint Julep Recipe                                                                 The Mint Julep, a distinctive
                                                                                  Southern drink, popular in the ante
                                                                                                                                    Mint Juleps
1 Bottle of Premium Bourbon Whiskey                                               bellum South right up through
Fresh mint
Water, preferably distilled or spring                                             modern times, is a mixture of water,
Granulated sugar                                                                  sugar, mint leaves and, above all,
Garnish with mint sprigs and powdered sugar                                       bourbon whiskey. The serving of this
                                                                                  elixir to family and guests on a hot
1.   To prepare the mint extract, take fresh mint and remove the leaves
                                                                                  summer afternoon was, and is,
     smaller than a dime. Wash, pat dry, and put 40 leaves in a mixing bowl
     and cover with 3 ounces of Bourbon. Allow the leaves to soak in the          accomplished with the greatest
     bourbon for 15 minutes.                                                      fanfare and flourish to show respect
2.   Gather the leaves in a bundle, put them into a clean cotton cloth and        for those receiving it. It is as much
     wring vigorously over the bowl where the leaves soaked, bruising the         of a ceremony as it is a drink.
     leaves. Keep dipping the leaves in the bourbon several times and
     wringing the leaves out so that the juice of the mint is dripped back into
     bourbon. Let this mint extract set to allow the flavors to blend properly.
3.   For simple syrup, mix equal amount of granulated sugar and water into
     a cooking pot (e.g. 1 cup sugar and 1 cup water.) Heat this mixture           Mock Mint Julep Recipe
     long enough for the sugar to dissolve in the water, stirring gently so the
     sugar doesn’t burn. Remove from heat and let cool. This can be done
     several hours in advance.                                                     2 cups sugar
4.   For the julep mixture, mix 3-1/2 parts of bourbon to 1 part simple syrup      2 1/2 cups water
     into a large bowl. Begin by adding mint extract in small portions. You        1 cup mint leaves
     must taste and smell as you go—there is no exact formula for this             Juice of 6 lemons
     mixture since each extract will vary in strength. Pour the finished mint      Juice of 6 oranges
     julep stock into a covered jar and refrigerate for at least 24 hours to       Grated rind of 1 orange
     “marry” the flavors.
5.   To serve your completed mint julep, fill each silver julep cup half full      Cook sugar and water five minutes and cool. Add fruit juices and rind.
     with shaved ice and insert a mint spring. Pack in more ice to heap            Pour over mint leaves and let stand one hour. Strain. Pour into jar and
     about one inch over the top of each julep cup. Insert a straw that has        store in refrigerator. Use 1/3 glass of syrup for each serving. Fill with
     been cut to about one inch from the top of the julep cup so that your         crushed ice and water, tea, or ginger ale. Serves 10-12.
     nose sniffs the “bloom” of the mint when you are sipping the mint julep.

When frost forms on the glass, pour your refrigerated mint julep mixture
over the ice and sprinkle with powdered sugar on top if desired. Serve              Mock Mint Julep Recipe 2
immediately.

OR if you don’t want to go through this ordeal:                                    1 1/2 cups water
                                                                                   2 cups sugar
1/4 cup fresh mint leaves                                                          1 can undiluted lemonade
2 cups water, heated                                                               1 can undiluted orange juice
2 cups sugar
                                                                                   Combine water and sugar in saucepan. Bring to a boil, then
Heat water. Whisk in sugar. Remove from heat. Add mint & allow to steep            immediately reduce heat to simmering until sugar melts. Pour mixture
for at least 20 minutes. Add cracked ice to glass. Add 1-1/2 oz Bourbon.           over 2 handfuls of mint leaves. Let set for 1 hour. Use 1/3 glass of
Add 2-1/2 tsp. syrup. Stir lightly. Garnish with fresh mint leaf. Traditionally    syrup to a serving. Fill with crushed and desired amount of 7-up to
served with two short straws.                                                      taste.

				
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Description: This is an example of brief history of the kentucky derby. This document is useful for studying brief history of the kentucky derby.
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