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					                                                       Family
                                                   Caregiving
                       University of Wisconsin-Extension



Wisconsin Families and the communities where they live and work   Family Caregiving
Caregiving Is Everybody’s Business




    Wisconsin Families    Family Caregiving
Four Kinds of People

  • Those who have been caregivers
  • Those who are currently caregivers
  • Those who expect to be caregivers
  • Those who will need a caregiver



    Wisconsin Families           Family Caregiving
Caregiving is . . . .
•   Running errands         • Feeding someone
•   Paying bills            • Checking up on
•   Mowing the lawn           someone
•   Bathing someone         • Worrying about
                              someone
                            • And much, much
                              more

       Wisconsin Families             Family Caregiving
Weekly hours
of caregiving




   Wisconsin Families   Family Caregiving
Nationwide,
individuals
needing
long-term care:



    Wisconsin Families   Family Caregiving
Nationwide, individuals needing
long-term care:

  •30% or 1.5 million have SUBSTANTIAL
  long-term care needs




    Wisconsin Families       Family Caregiving
Important to note – of these
individuals:

   •25% are over 85
   •70% report they are in fair to poor
   health



     Wisconsin Families            Family Caregiving
Dementia – What is It?

  •Loss of intellectual functions – thinking,
  remembering, reasoning
  •Their losses interfere with the person’s
  ability to be alone
  •Most common – Alzheimer’s Disease


    Wisconsin Families             Family Caregiving
Individuals with Dementia in Wisconsin
State population with dementia is a summary of county
populations calculated from U.S. Census data for 2000.




     Wisconsin Families                   Family Caregiving
Individuals with Dementia in
_____ County




    Wisconsin Families     Family Caregiving
ONE                  in   FOUR




Wisconsin Families         Family Caregiving
By 2007 . . .
  39 million households –compared to 22
  million households today




      Wisconsin Families       Family Caregiving
Who
Provides
Care?




   Wisconsin Families   Family Caregiving
Wisconsin Families   Family Caregiving
Why are families providing care?


 •Medical technology
 •Medical practices




    Wisconsin Families    Family Caregiving
Major Reason

 More older adults over 65 and they
 prefer to live at home.




     Wisconsin Families         Family Caregiving
Where Older Adults Live in the
Community




     Wisconsin Families    Family Caregiving
Where Older Adults Live in
_______ County




     Wisconsin Families      Family Caregiving
Difficulties:


 •Smaller
 •Geographically dispersed
 •Women are working


     Wisconsin Families      Family Caregiving
Compare cost . . .
 •informal caregiving - 257 billion
 •formal nursing home care - 83
   billion
 •formal – home health care - 33 billion



     Wisconsin Families           Family Caregiving
In Wisconsin ?

 4 billion or 18th in the nation




     Wisconsin Families            Family Caregiving
What percentage of workers were
      caregivers in 2002?



                      42%


 Wisconsin Families         Family Caregiving
     Employers Study Shares . . .

• 70% reported
  staffing problems increased

                           Yet
• 40% had no plan to assist caregivers


      Wisconsin Families         Family Caregiving
 What caregiving costs employers-
All Costs to U.S. employers, 1997


Type of cost                        Cost per employee*             Total employer costs
Replacing employees                     Not available                        $4,933,816,305
Absenteeism                                  $69                               $397,596,918
Partial Absenteeism                          $86                               $488,298,715
Workday interruptions                       $657                             $3,765,122,333
Eldercare crisis                            $189                             $1,084,355,232
Supervisor’s time                           $141                               $805,133,760
Total annual costs                         $1,142                           $11,474,323,760


           *Total annual cost per employee does not include the cost of replacing an employee
           who may resign due to caregiving responsibilities



              Wisconsin Families                                         Family Caregiving
      Caregiver could lose more than
              $650,000 in-
•   Social Security benefits
•   Pension
•   Lost wages
•   Leave of absences
•   Quit


        Wisconsin Families     Family Caregiving
            Other Caregiver Costs

•   Medical cost
•   Health
•   Well-being
•   Depression



        Wisconsin Families      Family Caregiving
   Wisconsin continues to age…

• More older adults (13%) than national
  average (12%)
• Number of adults over 85 increased by
  29%




     Wisconsin Families         Family Caregiving
                       By 2030 . . .
         ONE               in      FIVE




People will be retirement age
  Wisconsin Families                      Family Caregiving
How is ______ County Aging?




  Wisconsin Families   Family Caregiving
    Individuals Needing Care




11 caregivers            4 caregivers
    1990                      2050



    Wisconsin Families   Family Caregiving
        ALL of us can help . . .




Wisconsin Families                 Family Caregiving
             Individuals can . . .

• Volunteer

• Offer companionship




     Wisconsin Families              Family Caregiving
               Employers can . . .

• Develop plans, policies, and procedures
  to support family caregivers
• Provide educational workshops
• Provide referrals
• Encourage wellness efforts


      Wisconsin Families             Family Caregiving
           Communities can . . .

• Develop supports for families
• Refer families to local supports
• Create awareness of caregiver issues
  and supports




     Wisconsin Families         Family Caregiving
    Statewide Resources for Caregivers

•   AARP
•   Alzheimer's Association
•   County & Tribal Aging Offices
•   University of Wisconsin-Extension
•   Wisconsin Alliance for Family Caregiving
•   Wisconsin Alzheimer’s Institute

        Wisconsin Families         Family Caregiving
Other organizations within your
      community include:




 Wisconsin Families       Family Caregiving
Caregiving Is Everybody’s Business




    Wisconsin Families    Family Caregiving
PowerPoint presentation designed to accompany the UW-Extension
publication, Wisconsin Families-Issues and Demographics, Family
Caregiving
http://www1.uwex.edu/ces/flp/demographics/caregiving.cfm

Developed by:
Mary Brintnall-Peterson, Ph.D., Program Specialist in Aging

Graphics by:
Susan Anderson, Graphics Design Specialist
Ellen Henert, Systems Design Specialist
Susan Meier, Program Specialist
Allen Robinson, Student

Reviewed by:
Mary Fran Lepeska, Family Living Agent, Ozaukee County
Kathy Miller, Family Living Agent, Bayfield County
Peggy Nordgren, Family Living Agent, Taylor County

    Wisconsin Families                           Family Caregiving