Background

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					              Municipal Planning
             & Regulatory Tools:
                 examples from
                southern Finger
                 Lakes counties

                    Proactive Approaches to Managing Impacts of
                    Marcellus Shale Development Conference, 2011
                    Darby Kiley, Planner, Tompkins County | Meghan Thoreau, Planner, STC




Photo: http://www.carbontax.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/Marcellus.jpg
                                                                                           July 2011
                                                           Our
                                                     priorities

                   Assist municipalities as they prepare for the
                    advancing natural gas industry
                   Coordinate projects & information concerning
                    Marcellus Shale natural gas exploration
                   Provide ongoing support for the county task
                    forces and municipalities


Photo: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_hT_nZl636QU/TTIMXWXX-zI/AAAAAAAAAQ4/FarW7mVU4kA/s1600/priorities-sign1.jpg
                                                                                                              July 2011
                               Natural Gas
                               Task Forces
                   Community level
                   Many different organization styles
                   Help plan and prepare for gas development
                   Gather and share information
                   Work in different political climates
                   Regional task forces:
                    http://cce.cornell.edu/EnergyClimateChange/NaturalGasDev/Pages/CommunityTa
                    skForces.aspx
                    http://extension.psu.edu/naturalgas/service-directory/county-natural-gas-task-
                    forces
                   In the news, What’s the ‘task’ of Marcellus Shale task force? (21 June 2011)
                    http://www.chronicle-express.com/news/x898078031/What-s-the-task-of-
                    Marcellus-Shale-task-force
                    http://extension.psu.edu/naturalgas/news/2011/02/clinton-county-natural-gas-task-
                    force-hosts-meet-and-greet


Photo: http://us.cdn4.123rf.com/168nwm/kentoh/kentoh0903/kentoh090300290/4558526-workers-human-resources-task-force-on-white.jpg
                                                                                                                                   July 2011
                                     Planning
                                      TOOLS
                                   for Energy
                                 Development




Photo: http://www.weinsuremalpractice.com/images/Tools.jpg
                                                             July 2011
                                     1. Preparing
                                            your
                                     organization

                            Integrate NGTF with government
                            Assign municipal staff roles and
                             consider new responsibilities



Photo: http://www.brighthub.com/office/project-management/articles/73916.aspx
                                                                                July 2011
                                            2. Baseline
                                                profiles

                                   Identify historical and current data
                                   Track and project gas activity
                                   Map, track, and project impacts
                                   Resources:
                                    http://gis.bakerhughesdirect.com/RigCounts/
                                    http://www.dec.ny.gov/cfmx/extapps/GasOil/search/wells/index.cfm
                                    http://www.fractracker.org
                                    http://www.bradfordcountypa.org/Natural-Gas.asp?specifTab=2
                                    http://www.otsego2000.org/documents/forwebsiteMiddlefieldLandUseAnal
                                    ysis-Greenplan.pdf



Photo: http://shalescoop.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/permits-pa.png                                        July 2011
                                          3. Planning
                                          documents
               Identify the: CEAs, future economic development areas,
                sensitive tourism destinations, underutilized commercial
                industrial properties, school districts/ bus routes
               Adopt/ update comp plan
               Identify vacant/ occupied housing stock
               Identify major stakeholders (including gas industry reps.)
               Identify local government costs & services



Photo: http://www.innovensys.com/files/innovensys/imagecache/half/Quality-Planning-Documents-B&W.jpg   July 2011
                                                  Planning
                                                 resources
              New York State Energy Plan
              http://www.nysenergyplan.com/stateenergyplan.html
              Garfield County Comprehensive Plan 2030
              www.garfieldcomprehensiveplan2030.com
              Zoning & the Comprehensive Plan
              www.dos.state.ny.us/lg/publications/Zoning_and_the_Comprehensive_Plan.pdf
              Centre Township Comprehensive Plan 2010, Phase 2
              http://www.co.centre.pa.us/planning/compplan/
              Centre County Inventory of Underutilized Commercial/ Industrial Properties
              http://www.co.centre.pa.us/planning/ccngtf/uss_2011-03.pdf



Photo: http://www.innovensys.com/files/innovensys/imagecache/half/Quality-Planning-Documents-B&W.jpg
                                                                                                       July 2011
                                                  Planning
                                                 resources
                     Site Development Plan Review Law
                     http://www.dos.state.ny.us/lg/publications/Site_Development_Plan_Revie
                         w.pdf
                     Local Government Technical Series
                     http://www.dos.state.ny.us/lg/publications.html
                     Critical Environmental Areas (CEAs)
                     http://www.dec.ny.gov/permits/6184.html
                     Model Critical Environmental Overlay Zone
                     http://stcplanning.org/usr/Program_Areas/Energy/Naturalgas_Resources/
                         model_CEA_Overlay_zoning.pdf
                     Zoning language to prohibit or allow gas extraction in specified districts
                     http://www.dec.ny.gov/permits/6184.html
                     http://www.cedclaw.org/?page_id=598

http://www.innovensys.com/files/innovensys/imagecache/half/Quality-Planning-Documents-B&W.jpg     July 2011
                                                  Planning
                                                 resources
                              Educational Resources
                              Cornell Cooperative Extension: natural gas development
                              http://cce.cornell.edu/EnergyClimateChange/NaturalGasDev/Pag
                                  es/default.aspx
                              Penn State University: natural gas
                              http://extension.psu.edu/naturalgas
                              Green Choices: how to benefit the climate and your community
                              http://www.greenchoices.cornell.edu/
                              Educational Webinars (related to natural gas development):
                              http://extension.psu.edu/naturalgas/webinars
                              http://cce.cornell.edu/EnergyClimateChange/NaturalGasDev/Pag
                                  es/CornellSponsoredWebinars.aspx


http://www.innovensys.com/files/innovensys/imagecache/half/Quality-Planning-Documents-B&W.jpg   July 2011
                                                  Planning
                                                 resources

                                  Additional Educational Resources
                                  State resources
                                  http://www.dos.state.ny.us/lg/publications.html
                                  http://www.nysenergyplan.com/stateenergyplan.html

                                  New York State Legislative activity
                                  http://www.chemungcounty.com/index.asp?pageId=482

                                  Land of the Law blog
                                  http://lawoftheland.wordpress.com/




http://www.innovensys.com/files/innovensys/imagecache/half/Quality-Planning-Documents-B&W.jpg   July 2011
                                       4. Municipal
                                        regulations
                             Update/ adopt:
                                             Erosion, sedimentation, & stormwater regulations
                                             Floodplain protection laws
                                             Illicit discharge laws
                                             Wellhead protection laws
                                             Aquifer protection ordinance
                                             Brine/ waste disposal regulations
                                             Road use agreement (RUA)
                                             Viewshed regulations
                                             Site plan review law
                                             LEED certification, green building designs, &
                                              renewable energy initiatives


Photo: http://www.calskatemilpitas.com/images/rules_graphic1.gif                                 July 2011
                                               Municipal
                                             regulations

                          Review commercial/ industrial water & sewer rates
                          Review room tax, local taxes, and definitions
                          Review/ adopt regulations on short-term temporary employee
                           housing regulations
                          Review/ adopt camping regulations
                          Review mobile home court/ RV ordinance
                          Consider life cycle analysis for proposed subdivisions
                          Create/ partner with a housing trust for renter/ owner controls




Photo: http://www.calskatemilpitas.com/images/rules_graphic1.gif                             July 2011
                                                    Municipal
                                                   resources
                            Update/ adopt erosion, sedimentation, and stormwater regulations
                            http://www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/29072.html

                            Update/ adopt floodplain regulations
                            http://www.mass.gov/Cago/docs/Municipal/sb_floodplain.rtf (Word download)
                            http://www.townofotego.com/townpermits/laws/FloodDamage.pdf

                            Adopt aquifer protection regulations
                            http://catskillpost.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/townofvirgilaquiferprotectionlaw20100408.pdf
                            http://www.mass.gov/Cago/docs/Municipal/sb_aquifer.rtf (Word download)
                            http://town.danby.ny.us/


                            Adopt wellhead protection regulations
                            http://www.tiogacountyny.com/images/stories/PDFs/government/TING/TING_RevisedResourceBinder_5_2_11.pdf
                            http://www.mass.gov/Cago/docs/Municipal/sb_groundwater.rtf (Word download)


                            Management your private water supply
                            http://stcplanning.org/usr/Program_Areas/Energy/Naturalgas_Resources/Schuyler%20Final%20Water
                                  %20Testing%20Guidance.pdf

                            Adopt LEED certification and green building design regulations
                            http://www.greenupstateny.org/


Photo: http://www.calskatemilpitas.com/images/rules_graphic1.gif
                                                                                                                                     July 2011
                                                    Municipal
                                                   resources
                                Adopt renewable energy initiatives
                                http://www.co.centre.pa.us/planning/compplan/energy%20conservation.pdf

                                Adopt/ update road use agreement (RUA) regulations
                                http://www.steubencony.org/naturalgastaskforce/SteubenCountyDPW_RUA.pdf
                                http://www.steubencony.org/naturalgastaskforce/PA-RUA-Laceyville%20Borough.pdf
                                http://www.steubencony.org/naturalgastaskforce/PA-Excess%20Maintenance%20Agreement.pdf
                                http://www.steubencony.org/naturalgastaskforce/PA-RUA-Lemon%20township.pdf
                                http://www.pressconnects.com/article/20110410/NEWS01/104100357/Hydrofracking-debate-Southern-Tier-officials-
                                       struggle-road-rules
                                http://www.co.centre.pa.us/planning/ccngtf/road_use_maintenance_agreement.pdf


                                Review room tax, taxes system, and definitions
                                       (following three links will take a few moments to open)
                                http://www.co.centre.pa.us/planning/ccngtf/gas_task_forum.pdf
                                http://www.co.centre.pa.us/planning/ccngtf/natural_gas_escapes_taxation.pdf
                                http://www.co.centre.pa.us/planning/ccngtf/tax_policy_marcellus.pdf


                                Review/ adopt regulations on short-term temporary employee
                                  housing regulations (see Article 4-106, 4-108 & 4-109 or our land use code for more details)
                                http://www.garfield-county.com/building-planning/land-use-regulations.aspx




Photo: http://www.calskatemilpitas.com/images/rules_graphic1.gif
                                                                                                                                               July 2011
                                                    Municipal
                                                   resources
                    Review/ adopt camping regulations (see §128-62 - temporary Shelter and associated definitions,
                          search tip: Ctrl+f and search for camp/ camping related references for more information)
                    http://www.townofbethlehem.org/images/pageImages/EcoDevAndPlan/Zoning%20Law%20-
                          %20Adopted%20082405%20Amended%20082306%20Effective%20090106.pdf#search='incentive'


                    Adopt viewshield regulations, inventory & map
                    http://www.in.gov/indot/div/projects/i69planningtoolbox/_pdf/Scenic%20Viewshed%20Protection.pdf


                    Create/ partner with a housing trust for rent/ owner controls
                    http://www.mhp.net/uploads/resources/municipal_affordable_housing_trust_guidebook.pdf
                    http://franklinma.virtualtownhall.net/Pages/FranklinMA_Admin/hoopinfo.pdf


                    Review/ adopt site plan review law
                    http://www.dos.state.ny.us/lg/publications/Site_Development_Plan_Review.pdf
                    http://www.townofbethlehem.org/images/pageImages/EcoDevAndPlan/Zoning%20Law%20-
                          %20Adopted%20082405%20Amended%20082306%20Effective%20090106.pdf#search='incentive’
                          (search tip: Ctrl+f and search for site plan related references for more information)
                    http://www.townofotego.com/townpermits/laws/SitePlanReview.pdf


Photo: http://www.calskatemilpitas.com/images/rules_graphic1.gif
                                                                                                                      July 2011
                                                   5. Zoning
                                                       codes
                        Review/ adopt:
                                       light ordinance & noise ordinance
                                       Industry terminology/ zoning definitions & uses
                                       incentive overlay zoning
                                       agricultural zoning ordinance
                                       plan unit development (PUD) zoning
                                       zoning districts in urban/ business center to permit dense
                                        mixed-use
                        Consider amending zoning language to prohibit or
                         allow gas extraction in specified districts


Photo: http://www.umass.edu/larp/images/logos/cutout%20tranparent%20leaf.png
                                                                                                     July 2011
                                                    Zoning
                                                 resources
              Adopt light ordinance & noise ordinance
              http://www.tiogacountyny.com/images/stories/PDFs/government/TING/TING_RevisedResourceBinder_5_2_11.pdf
              http://www.mass.gov/Cago/docs/Municipal/sb_outdoorlights.rtf (Word download)

              Industry terminology & municipal definitions
              http://stcplanning.org/usr/Program_Areas/Energy/Naturalgas_Resources/DRAFT%20Garfield%20County%20Natural%20Gas%20Developme
                     nt%20Navigation%20Guide%20.pdf

              Adopt incentive overlay zoning
              http://www.dca.state.ga.us/intra_nonpub/Toolkit/guides/incntvZng.pdf
              http://www.behanplanning.com/bpafiles/F_DRUM/Final/I%20-%20Incentive%20Zoning%20Ordinance.pdf
              http://www.seattle.gov/planningcommission/docs/SPC_IncZon.pdf

              Amend zoning district in urban business center to permit dense mixed-use
              http://www.planning.org/research/smartgrowth/pdf/section41.pdf

              Amend zoning language to prohibit or allow gas extraction in specified districts
                     (see towns of Dryden, Ithaca, & Ulysses – regulations under development)
              http://www.celdf.org/issues-gas-drilling-communities
              http://www.cedclaw.org/?page_id=598
              http://dryden.ny.us/information/gas-drilling-info
              http://www.ulysses.ny.us/proposed-local-law-6-14-2011.pdf



Photo: http://www.umass.edu/larp/images/logos/cutout%20tranparent%20leaf.png
                                                                                                                                           July 2011
                                      Different
                                   approaches

                               Tompkins County
                                          prohibit or limit gas extraction to specified
                                           districts
                               Chemung, Schuyler, & Steuben
                                Counties
                                          regulate the secondary effects of energy
                                           development


Photo: http://www.sheirakahn.com/home/sheira/images/treatment_approches.gif
                                                                                           July 2011
            Leased Land in Tompkins County




                                 39% of the land in Tompkins County is leased,
                             by 6% of the adult, non-student residents of the County

Image: http://www.tcgasmap.org
                                                                                       July 2011
                             What’s in the
                                 pipeline

                          Finger Lakes Region: Tompkins County
                                     Established website
                                     Meet monthly with 4 active work groups – Report back to
                                      COG
                                     Developed land use guides:
                                              Air quality; Steps for CEAs; High Impact Industrial Use
                                     Developing Road Protection Strategy (RUA and RUR)
                                     Developed build-out maps & analysis; public presentations
                                     Analyzing assessment & land values issues
                                     Drafted zoning amendment in Danby – Aquifer Protection
                                      Overlay
                                     Proposed zoning amendments in towns of Dryden, Ithaca,
                                      and Ulysses



Photo: http://www.zombieplace.com/updating
                                                                                                         July 2011
July 2011
                             What’s in the
                                 pipeline
             Southern Tier Central Region: Steuben County
                        Established a website
                        Hold multiple monthly public meetings
                        Completed memorandum reviewing the Thirty Day Limit on
                         Occupancy Tax or room tax
                        Completed road maintenance agreement (RUA)
                        Completed radioactive study, Marcellus Shale Evaluation, on drill
                         cuttings risk to county landfill
                        Passed a housing resolution
                        Amended site plan review law
                        Held educational forums for town supervisors, public safety officers, &
                         planning boards officials
                        Proposed meeting with owners of camping/ RV parks on possible
                         impacts by natural gas workforce

Photo: http://www.zombieplace.com/updating
                                                                                                   July 2011
                             What’s in the
                                 pipeline
          Southern Tier Central Region: Schuyler County
                    Established a website
                    Released informational guidance sheet, Managing your Private Water
                     Supply Related to Natural Gas Development in Schuyler County (July
                     2011)
                    Hosting a task force intern for the summer 2011
                    Surveying task force members & municipal officials to create a
                     focused, concise resource binder/ resource suite
                    Proposed work with the Schuyler County EMC on providing comments
                     on the revised Supplemental Generic Environmental Impact Statement
                     (SGEIS) for high-volume hydraulic fracturing
                    Most towns have either signed on with Delta Engineers for assistance
                     with road assessment and RUAs or are working with other engineering
                     firms to accomplish similar services
Photo: http://www.zombieplace.com/updating
                                                                                            July 2011
                             What’s in the
                                 pipeline
             Southern Tier Central Region: Chemung County
                        Established a website
                        Pass official recommendation advising towns to enter a road
                         analysis study (w/ Delta Engineering)
                        Trained a deputy to enforce truck/ vehicle regulations
                        Firefighters have been receiving training specific to gas well
                         emergencies
                        Task force members attended workshops, panel discussions, &
                         information sessions for the past couple year
                        EMC in conjunction w/ Elmira College has conducted a water quality
                         baseline study for methane & a few other related elements
                        Met with Casella for information on the safety of the drill cuttings &
                         related topics




Photo: http://www.zombieplace.com/updating
                                                                                                  July 2011
                             What’s in the
                                 pipeline
             Regional efforts
                        Drafting Municipal Guide for Energy Development (contains
                         resources for planning boards, comprehensive plans, site plan
                         review, subdivision, and zoning regulations – joint effort between
                         STC Planning and Chemung, Steuben, and Schuyler’s Planning
                         Departments)
                        Completed a tourism study, Natural Gas Drilling in the Marcellus
                         Shale: potential impacts on the tourism economy of the Southern
                         Tier
                        Participated in a regional study, Economic Implications of Marcellus
                         Shale Natural Gas Development – Understanding Potential Impacts
                         on Tourism, Agriculture and Housing
                        Drafted Planning Tools for Energy Development checklist (joint
                         efforts between Tompkins County Planning Department & STC
                         Planning)



Photo: http://www.zombieplace.com/updating
                                                                                                July 2011
                                                                     Thank
                                                                       you
                   Darby Kiley, Planner, Tompkins County Planning Dept.
             607-274-5560 | dkiley@tompkins-co.org | tompkins-co.org/planning/

                          Meghan Thoreau, Planner, Southern Tier Central Planning
                           607-962-8092 | planner@stny.rr.com | stcplanning.org




Photo: http://lisamdrake.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/planning1.jpg
                                                                                    July 2011