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1aa.doc - DEI-ISEP

VIEWS: 19 PAGES: 4

									             INSTITUTO SUPERIOR DE ENGENHARIA DO PORTO                     DEPARTAMENTO DE ENGENHARIA INFORMÁTICA
             LAPR2 – MÓDULO DE COMPETÊNCIAS LINGUÍSTICAS                                              DOCENTE: ANA BARATA



                                           Document 1 - GLOSSARY TRANSLATION

1- <ENTRY>

<CONCEPT>peer-to-peer technology

 <DEFINITION>[N] Peer-to-peer describes a computer network in which all computers have equal rights and in which all can
work for the others as servers. Services can be offered and demanded at the same time. A role distribution as in the client-
server-technology does not exist. Peer-to-peer technologies are used in smaller enterprises where every computer functions as
a workstation. COLLOCATION(S): a network with peer-to-peer technology SYNONYMS(S): P2P</DEFINITION>

PORTUGUÊS:
 <CONCEPT>

<DEFINITION>

2- <ENTRY>

 <CONCEPT>peer-to-peer-network</CONCEPT>

 <DEFINITION>[N] A special form of a network in which all respective partners have the same rights and responsibilities. In
contrast to a client-server-network, all partners in a peer-to-peer-network can receive data or feed in information. Such
networks are mainly used for file-sharing plattforms on the internet. Due to the non-hierarchical structure, controlling or
actualisation mechanisms are hardly feasible. COLLOCATION(S): tu use a peer-to-peer-network SYNONYMS(S):
P2P</DEFINITION>

PORTUGUÊS:
 <CONCEPT>

<DEFINITION>

3- <ENTRY>

 <CONCEPT>peripheral device</CONCEPT>

 <DEFINITION>[N] A hardware component that is located outside of the computer case but is connected through e.g. cable,
infrared, wireless networks. Peripheral devices can communicate with the computer, send data and receive data. Examples of
such devices are printer, mouse, keyboard and display. SYNONYMS(S): external device</DEFINITION>

PORTUGUÊS:
<CONCEPT>

<DEFINITION>

4- <ENTRY>

 <CONCEPT>Perl</CONCEPT>

 <DEFINITION>[N] A script language which is plattform independent and available at no charge. Perl is mainly used for the
programming of web pages and in word processing. For the work with text programs, Perl relies on regular expressions, for the
development of WWW-server solutions on predefined modules, though. COLLOCATION(S): to program with Perl</DEFINITION>

PORTUGUÊS:
 <CONCEPT>

<DEFINITION>
             INSTITUTO SUPERIOR DE ENGENHARIA DO PORTO                  DEPARTAMENTO DE ENGENHARIA INFORMÁTICA
             LAPR2 – MÓDULO DE COMPETÊNCIAS LINGUÍSTICAS                                          DOCENTE: ANA BARATA



5- <ENTRY>

 <CONCEPT>personal computer</CONCEPT>

 <DEFINITION>[N] A computer with a screen, a keyborad, a mouse and a hard drive for CD-ROMS, DVDs or floppy disks. In order
to be able to use a PC, one needs a operating system such as Windows, UNIX ord MacOS. Personal computer have been mainly
designed for private use or for small enterprises. COLLOCATION(S): to work with a personal computer to buy a personal
computer SYNONYMS(S): PC computer</DEFINITION>

PORTUGUÊS:
<CONCEPT>

<DEFINITION>
             INSTITUTO SUPERIOR DE ENGENHARIA DO PORTO                      DEPARTAMENTO DE ENGENHARIA INFORMÁTICA
             LAPR2 – MÓDULO DE COMPETÊNCIAS LINGUÍSTICAS                                               DOCENTE: ANA BARATA




6- <ENTRY>

 <CONCEPT>personal digital assistant</CONCEPT>

 <DEFINITION>[N] A small flat computer in pocket-size that can easily be held in one hand. It contains a system software and
other types of software that are mainly concerned with address and appointment administration. A well-known example for an
PDA is the organizer, but also calculators and mobile phones can be added to the list of PDAs. COLLOCATION(S): PDA software
SYNONYMS(S): PDA handheld</DEFINITION>

PORTUGUÊS:
 <CONCEPT>

<DEFINITION>

7- <ENTRY>

 <CONCEPT>Personal Identification Number</CONCEPT>

 <DEFINITION>[N] Personal identification number. A secret number that is used to identify people before they can use a system
(e.g. an ATM with a chip card). PINs are also often used with online banking or cellphones. COLLOCATION(S): enter a PIN forget a
PIN lose a PIN change a PIN SYNONYMS(S): PIN PIN number</DEFINITION>

PORTUGUÊS:
<CONCEPT>

<DEFINITION>

8- <ENTRY>

 <CONCEPT>pharming</CONCEPT>

 <DEFINITION>[N] A method of fraud in which a user is directed to a forged website. On this website the user might give away
his user information. During a pharming attack, the conversion of the alphanumeric internet address into an IP-address is
manipulated so that the user unnoticeably requests an internet site from a different source.</DEFINITION>

PORTUGUÊS:
 <CONCEPT>

<DEFINITION>

9- <ENTRY>

 <CONCEPT>phishing</CONCEPT>

 <DEFINITION>[N] One form of Internet fraud which is used to acquire personal data like passwords, credit card numbers or
PINs. This is often done by sending seemingly formal e-mails that try to persuade the receiver to divulge secret information to
the sender who then uses this information for fraudulent purposes. The criminal can take the identity of the victim and act on
his or her behalf, e.g. do online-banking or order products online.</DEFINITION>

PORTUGUÊS:
 <CONCEPT>

<DEFINITION>
            INSTITUTO SUPERIOR DE ENGENHARIA DO PORTO                        DEPARTAMENTO DE ENGENHARIA INFORMÁTICA
            LAPR2 – MÓDULO DE COMPETÊNCIAS LINGUÍSTICAS                                                 DOCENTE: ANA BARATA




10- <ENTRY>

 <CONCEPT>PHP</CONCEPT>

 <DEFINITION>[N] A programming language developed by R. Lerdorf in 1995 and revised by A. Gutmans and Z. Suraski in 2000.
PHP has a rather simple structure and can therefore be learned easily. It is related to C and Perl and is mainly used in connection
with webservers. COLLOCATION(S): to program with PHP</DEFINITION>

PORTUGUÊS:
 <CONCEPT>

<DEFINITION>

								
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