Indus River Valley
Small, mountainous country
Traditional agricultural lifestyle
Social, medical, and environmental difficulties
Although the Namgay family is wearing a
rainbow of colors, two other dominant colors
appear in the photograph.
• What are those colors, and why are they so widespread?
• What type
of work do
Do you think they have to travel far from their
home to do this work?
What evidence do you see in the photograph to
support your answer?
appearance of the
• What materials do
you think it is made
What purpose do
you think this
section of the
• Who might live in this
part of the house (besides
the family members)?
What do you think the
family has placed above
and below the window?
• What function (e.g., furniture,
food, recreation) might it serve?
What do you think these objects
sitting in front of the family are?
• What purpose might they serve?
• Why you think they appear in the foreground of
Can you guess what this food item might
Do you notice any modern technology in this
• What does this indicate about the family’s lifestyle and
standard of living?
Discuss how the Namgay family’s life differs
from that of most people in the United States.
This photograph shows the family in 2001, along
with the new possessions they’d acquired since the
original photograph was taken.
B. South-Indian Ocean
C. North-Himalayas and
QuickTime™ and a
are needed to see this picture.
You are an archaeologist. You have
just uncovered an ancient site in India.
What would you expect to see that
would indicate an organized and
II. Evidence-Early Cities (2500 B.C.)
A. Harappa and Mohenjo- Flashback- What must
Daro you have to be a
1. Grid pattern roads civilization?
2. Citadels=fortress on hill
3. Granaries= place to store
4. Houses-bricks and
plumbing for baths and
B. Most people farmers
1. First to grow cotton and
weave into cloth
A. Nomadic Aryans invade through
Khyber Pass (look at map)
B. When? 1500 and 500 BC.
C. Vedic Age
1. Establish Hindu religion
2. Vedas = sacred stories Think about it?!
3. Sanskrit-written language Why are the
IV. Aryan Life
A. Caste system- rigid categories
1. Decides your status
2. Caste system, good or bad?
1. Stable social order
2. Sense of identity and
1. Adaptable for new
occupations and foreigners
b. Bad- You tell me!
IV. Aryan Life (cont.)
1. Basic unit includes 3 generations in same house
C. Patriarchal = men #1
1. Only men own property
2. Only men can be educated
1. Marry early
2. Suttee-commit suicide by jumping on husband’s
burning funeral pyre
1. Expected to care for parents
(clip from Water?)
Give a color copy to each student team and
have them follow Mrs. Allan’s How To Look At Art Handout.
Then they will use the Smartboard to gives us a mini-presentation
On their observations.
Then write a summary
Of the similarities and
Teacher announces to class that they are beginning a Mithila painting project that will
culminate in a painting exhibit. The students will be asked to create scenes from their lives
-- done in "Mithila style."
Elicit painting topic ideas as students listen to peers' topics.
Review the list of characteristics of "Mithila style." Add to the list if necessary:
overall embellishment using line
decorative motifs from nature (flowers, leaves) or geometric designs
humans shown in profile
limited palette of colors
emphasis on line and distortion
Students should do a more detailed sketch of their planned image before using the
watercolor paper. Using pencils, students should lightly sketch their images.
Students should settle on their desired color scheme for the final painting. A maximum of
three or four colors should be used.
Do any of you life in multi-
What are the benefits of living with your
parents and grandparents as an adult?
What are the downfalls of the same
RDG 9 Everyday Life in
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
Read and answer questions on
separate sheet of paper
Seattle Art Museum
Day 2 Religions of India
Which concept is illustrated in the
Which religion or belief system is
most closely associated with the
social class system illustrated
The religious terms Four Noble
Truths, Eightfold Path, and nirvana
are most closely associated with
1. Brahman-Existence of single force in universe;
2. Atman (self) must seek Brahman
3. 6th cent. B.C. idea of reincarnation=rebirth in
4. Karma-force of one’s actions
5. Dharma-divine law, defines your duties
6. Yoga- helps achieve oneness with god
8. Principal gods- Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the
Preserver, Shiva the Destroyer
A. When? 6th century
B. Where? Northern
C. Who? Siddhartha
1. Left life of wealth to
2. Shaved head, left
family, and practiced
D. Rivals Hinduism
Look through your notes on India and
decide which geographic feature was
the most important in your opinion and
II. Buddhism (cont.)
E. Basic principles
1. Four Noble Truths
a. Ordinary life is suffering
b. Suffering caused by
c. End suffering by ending
desire and seeing
others as ourselves
d. End desire by following
II. Buddhism (cont.)
Right intention Right speech
Right effort Right livelihood
II. Buddhism (cont.)
H. Caste system rejected
I. Gods and goddesses
J. Sometimes more a
Empires of India
I. Mauryan Empire (321 B.C.-185 B.C.)
A. Aryans don’t bring peace
B. Much competition
2. Alexander the Great
C. Chandragupta Maurya gains power 324 B.C.
1. Bureaucracy set-up=efficient rule
2. Chandragupta harsh in punishments
D. Asoka (grandson of above)
1. Greatest ruler in India’s history
2. Rejects harsh ways; converts to Buddhism
3. Rules by example
4. Tolerant of other beliefs
5. After his death, kingdom collapses
I. Mauryan Empire (cont.)
1. United India
2. Standard weights and measures
a. make trade easier
2. Learning advanced
3. Spread Buddhism
4. Stupa-building style
II. Gupta Empire
A. “Golden Age” of India
B. Achievements in
4. Cave paintings
Pics of cave paintings
RDG 11 Edicts of Asoka
HW or class?