Indus River Valley Indus - PowerPoint

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					Indus River Valley

         Mrs. Martin

Small, mountainous country
Traditional agricultural lifestyle
Social, medical, and environmental difficulties
Although the Namgay family is wearing a
rainbow of colors, two other dominant colors
appear in the photograph.
• What are those colors, and why are they so widespread?
                                   • What type
                                     of work do
                                     you think
                                     the Namgay
                                     family does?

Do you think they have to travel far from their
 home to do this work?
What evidence do you see in the photograph to
 support your answer?
Describe the
  appearance of the
• What materials do
  you think it is made
What   purpose do
 you think this
 section of the
 house serves?
• Who might live in this
  part of the house (besides
  the family members)?
What do  you think the
 family has placed above
 and below the window?
• What function (e.g., furniture,
  food, recreation) might it serve?
What   do you think these objects
 sitting in front of the family are?
• What purpose might they serve?
• Why you think they appear in the foreground of
  the photograph?
Can you guess what this food item might
Do you notice any modern technology in this
• What does this indicate about the family’s lifestyle and
  standard of living?
Discuss how the Namgay family’s life differs
from that of most people in the United States.
This photograph shows the family in 2001, along
with the new possessions they’d acquired since the
original photograph was taken.
I. Geography
A. Peninsula
B. South-Indian Ocean
C. North-Himalayas and
Hindu Kush
D. Climate-
     1. Monsoons
     every summer
       QuickTime™ and a
are needed to see this picture.
   You are an archaeologist. You have
    just uncovered an ancient site in India.
    What would you expect to see that
    would indicate an organized and
    sophisticated city?
II. Evidence-Early Cities (2500 B.C.)
A.    Harappa and Mohenjo-            Flashback- What must
      Daro                            you have to be a
     1.   Grid pattern roads          civilization?
     2.   Citadels=fortress on hill
     3.   Granaries= place to store
     4.   Houses-bricks and
          plumbing for baths and
B.    Most people farmers
     1. First to grow cotton and
         weave into cloth
III. Indo-Aryans
A.    Nomadic Aryans invade through
      Khyber Pass (look at map)
B.    When? 1500 and 500 BC.
C.    Vedic Age
     1. Establish Hindu religion
     2. Vedas = sacred stories      Think about it?!
     3. Sanskrit-written language   Why are the
                                    Aryans coming
                                    through the
                                    Khyber Pass?
IV. Aryan Life
A.    Caste system- rigid categories
     1.   Decides your status
          a.   Economic
          b.   Social
          c.   Religious
     2.   Caste system, good or bad?
          a.   Good-
               1.  Stable social order
               2. Sense of identity and
               1. Adaptable for new
               occupations and foreigners
          b.   Bad- You tell me!
IV. Aryan Life (cont.)
  1.   Basic unit includes 3 generations in same house
C. Patriarchal = men #1
  1.   Only men own property
  2.   Only men can be educated
D. Women
  1.   Marry early
  2.   Suttee-commit suicide by jumping on husband’s
       burning funeral pyre
E. Children
    1. Expected to care for parents

(clip from Water?)
Give a color copy to each student team and
have them follow Mrs. Allan’s How To Look At Art Handout.
Then they will use the Smartboard to gives us a mini-presentation
On their observations.
Then write a summary
Of the similarities and
Mithila Painting
   Teacher announces to class that they are beginning a Mithila painting project that will
    culminate in a painting exhibit. The students will be asked to create scenes from their lives
    -- done in "Mithila style."
   Elicit painting topic ideas as students listen to peers' topics.
   Through:
   Review the list of characteristics of "Mithila style." Add to the list if necessary:
   personal icons
   overall embellishment using line
   decorative motifs from nature (flowers, leaves) or geometric designs
   borders
   humans shown in profile
   limited palette of colors
   emphasis on line and distortion
   Students should do a more detailed sketch of their planned image before using the
    watercolor paper. Using pencils, students should lightly sketch their images.
   Beyond:
   Students should settle on their desired color scheme for the final painting. A maximum of
    three or four colors should be used.
      Do any of you life in multi-
           generational homes?
What are the benefits of living with your
parents and grandparents as an adult?
   What are the downfalls of the same
   RDG 9 Everyday Life in
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
   Read and answer questions on
         separate sheet of paper
Seattle Art Museum
Day 2 Religions of India

    Which concept is illustrated in the
a)   Manorialism
b)   Apartheid
c)   Caste
d)   economienda
    Which religion or belief system is
     most closely associated with the
     social class system illustrated
a)   Daoism
b)   Catholicism
c)   Animism
d)   Hinduism
    The religious terms Four Noble
     Truths, Eightfold Path, and nirvana
     are most closely associated with
a)   Judaism
b)   Islam
c)   Shintoism
d)   Buddhism
I. Hinduism
A. Beliefs
   1.   Brahman-Existence of single force in universe;
        ultimate reality
   2.   Atman (self) must seek Brahman
   3.   6th cent. B.C. idea of reincarnation=rebirth in
        different form
   4.   Karma-force of one’s actions
   5.   Dharma-divine law, defines your duties
   6.   Yoga- helps achieve oneness with god
   7.   Polytheistic/Monotheistic
   8.   Principal gods- Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the
        Preserver, Shiva the Destroyer
Brahma the
Shiva the
Vishnu the
     II. Buddhism
A. When? 6th century
B. Where? Northern
C. Who? Siddhartha
     1.   Left life of wealth to
          pursue enlightenment
     2.   Shaved head, left
          family, and practiced
D.    Rivals Hinduism
QOD 11/1
   Look through your notes on India and
    decide which geographic feature was
    the most important in your opinion and
    explain why.
II. Buddhism (cont.)

                E. Basic principles
                1. Four Noble Truths
                  a. Ordinary life is suffering
                  b. Suffering caused by
                  selfish desires
                  c. End suffering by ending
                  desire and seeing
                       others as ourselves
                  d. End desire by following
                  Eightfold Path
II. Buddhism (cont.)

                     Right intention   Right speech
      Right view

                                          Right action
concentration          Path

                        Right effort   Right livelihood
II. Buddhism (cont.)
F. Nirvana-ultimate
G. Reincarnation
H. Caste system rejected
I. Gods and goddesses
J. Sometimes more a
      philosophy than
Buddhism Video

Empires of India
I. Mauryan Empire (321 B.C.-185 B.C.)
A.    Aryans don’t bring peace
B.    Much competition
     1.   Persia
     2.   Alexander the Great
C.    Chandragupta Maurya gains power 324 B.C.
     1.   Bureaucracy set-up=efficient rule
     2.   Chandragupta harsh in punishments
D.    Asoka (grandson of above)
     1.   Greatest ruler in India’s history
     2.   Rejects harsh ways; converts to Buddhism
     3.   Rules by example
     4.   Tolerant of other beliefs
     5.   After his death, kingdom collapses
I. Mauryan Empire (cont.)
E. Achievements
 1. United India
 2. Standard weights and measures
     a. make trade easier
 2. Learning advanced
 3. Spread Buddhism
 4. Stupa-building style
II. Gupta Empire
A.    “Golden Age” of India
B.    Achievements in
     1.   Astronomy
     2.   Medicine
     3.   Drama
     4.   Cave paintings
     5.   Temples
Pics of cave paintings
RDG 11 Edicts of Asoka
        HW or class?

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