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Aristotle's Metaphysics

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					Aristotle’s Metaphysics
         Horton
            Some Key Themes
   Nature is teleological (982B)
    – Telos = end, purpose
    – Nature as a whole acts for a purpose
   Knowledge is of the causes
    – Mere experience
    – Art (techne) or Craft
    – Wisdom (sophia)
            Intellectual Virtues
   Theoretical                 Practical/Productive
    – Nous: intuitive            – Phronesis: practical
      understanding, our           wisdom, achieving
      grasp of the first           goals
      principles                 – Techne: art or craft,
    – Episteme: scientific
      knowledge, knowledge
      by demonstration
    – Sophia: The
      combination of nous
      and episteme,
      philosophical wisdom
Previous Philosophy Sets the Tone
   What does Aristotle find in his review of
    those that came before?
    – They talked vaguely about causes, material
      and efficient (motion), and also in the case of
      Plato about the formal cause.
    – Material Cause: Thales, Anaximenes,
      Heraclitus, Empedocles (Friendship and
      Strife), Plato
    – Formal: Anaxagoras (Mind), Plato (Forms)
          The Causes (gk. aitia)
   Efficient
   Material
   Formal
   Final
   How do these work? How do they give
    complete knowledge of a thing?
    – See 984A for argument that there can’t be only one
      (material) cause.
    – Plato was also dissatisfied with the material cause.
      See 97 (p. 183) for the discussion of Anaxagoras and
      his use of Mind.

				
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posted:10/1/2011
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