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					        Higher Engineering Education
                  Network
                                  Technical Report




Institute of Technology Bandung
                                  Outline
        An experience in building the AII.
        IHE-Net Application in Indonesia.
        Summary.




Institute of Technology Bandung
        Experience in Internet building
        January 1993 - Suryono (Texas) install a
         packet radio 1200bps to LAPAN.
        LAPAN 1200bps to BPPT & Internet
         64Kbps.
        286 PC as gateway! to connect the whole
         ITB campus.
        Software NOS (running on DOS) as
         gateway.
Institute of Technology Bandung
        Indonesia Topology Jan.1993
               LAPAN
                                                   BPPT
                                   1200 bps UHF




                                  1200 bps                           InterNet
                                    UHF



                      1200 bps
                      2 Meteran              Universitas Indonesia




                             ITB

                                     LAN
Institute of Technology Bandung
        Indonesia Topology Jan.1993
               LAPAN
                                                   BPPT
                                   1200 bps UHF

                     Amateur Packet Radio AX.25
                             at 1200bps
                                  1200 bps                           InterNet
                                    UHF



                      1200 bps
                      2 Meteran              Universitas Indonesia




                             ITB

                                     LAN
Institute of Technology Bandung
        Indonesia Topology Jan.1993
               LAPAN
                                                   BPPT
                                   1200 bps UHF




                                  1200 bps                           InterNet
                                    UHF



                      1200 bps
                      2 Meteran              Universitas Indonesia

                                    PC Gateway 286!
                             ITB

                                     LAN
Institute of Technology Bandung
        Indonesia Topology Jan.1993
               LAPAN
                                                   BPPT
                                   1200 bps UHF

                       Start from simple equipment
                         We grow the community
                                  1200 bps                           InterNet
                                    UHF



                      1200 bps
                      2 Meteran              Universitas Indonesia




                             ITB

                                     LAN
Institute of Technology Bandung
                                  ITB in 1995
        Telkom Leased Line at 14.4Kbps
        RISTI-Telkom to BPPT 64Kbps.
        ITB uses FreeBSD (UNIX) as Router &
         Server.
        For the first time ITB sees Web in Internet.
        ITB learns to build a campus network (how
         to handle the lightning).

Institute of Technology Bandung
                 Typical ITB Campus Net
                      Web Server / DNS                     PC Gateway


                                                  LAN                              Internet



                                    Backbone Kampus (Thick Ethernet)

                 PC Router                                       PC Router




               LAN                                                               LAN


Institute of Technology Server Novell / UNIX
                        Bandung                         Server (Novell / UNIX)
                                  ITB Today ....
        T1 Satelite Link to Japan.
        Installation of 2Mbps to Telkom-Net (IX).
        VSAT TDMA & SCPC to various
         universities.
        4Mbps Uwave Jakarta-Bandung.
        ISDN Line di Jakarta.

        WaveLAN     2Mbps for Metropolitan
            Area Network (MAN).
Institute of Technology Bandung
                                  ITB Today ....
        T1 Satelite Link to Japan.
        Installation of 2Mbps to Telkom-Net (IX).
        VSAT TDMA & SCPC to various
         universities.
               Homebrew 2Mbps MAN!
        4Mbps Uwave Jakarta-Bandung.
        ISDN Line di Jakarta.

        WaveLAN     2Mbps for Metropolitan
            Area Network (MAN).
Institute of Technology Bandung
                                  Key of Success

  Human Resource Development!
        Self-financing!

Institute of Technology Bandung
                                       The more people
                                  Key of Success
                                       the lower the cost
  Human Resource Development!
        Self-financing!

Institute of Technology Bandung
                                    Involving students
                                      in the process!
                                  Key of Success

  Human Resource Development!
        Self-financing!

Institute of Technology Bandung
                                     Gives incentives
                                      for education!
                                  Key of Success

  Human Resource Development!
        Self-financing!

Institute of Technology Bandung
          Indonesian Speed to Internet
   1 E+ 0 7

   1 E+ 0 6

   1 E+ 0 5                                           Speed

   1 E+ 0 4

   1 E+ 0 3
                        93        94   95   96   97
Institute of Technology Bandung
        Indonesian Speed to Internet
   1 E+ 0 7 Exponential Grow

   1 E+ 0 6

   1 E+ 0 5                                           Speed

   1 E+ 0 4

   1 E+ 0 3
                        93        94   95   96   97
Institute of Technology Bandung
          Indonesian Speed to Internet
            Increases mass
   1 E+ 0 7   to sustain grow
   1 E+ 0 6

   1 E+ 0 5                                           Speed

   1 E+ 0 4

   1 E+ 0 3
                        93        94   95   96   97
Institute of Technology Bandung
       User Composition (June 1995)
                                                   University
                  42.8                  1
                                                   Research

                                                   Goverment
                                            29.5
                                                   Commercial
                    20.9          5.8
                                                   NGO

 Mostly Dominated By Commercial Users

Institute of Technology Bandung
              Dominated by Commercial
       User Composition (June 1995)
                                                   University
                  42.8                  1
                                                   Research

                                                   Goverment
                                            29.5
                                                   Commercial
                    20.9          5.8
                                                   NGO

 Mostly Dominated By Commercial Users

Institute of Technology Bandung
                                  InterNet                        WIDE Japan




 IndoSat                      Satelindo                 Telkom
    IX                           IX                        IX


                                                    Post
       Indonesian ISP                                                    ITB-Net
                                                 Indonesia
    (~ 40 registered ISP)



                                             Will be 600 cities    > 20 Educational
                                              (at 4800bps)            Institutions
Institute of Technology Bandung
                                  InterNet                        WIDE Japan




 IndoSat                      Satelindo                 Telkom
    IX                           IX
                                                > 20 Mbps  IX


                                                    Post
       Indonesian ISP                                                    ITB-Net
                                                 Indonesia
    (~ 40 registered ISP)



                                             Will be 600 cities    > 20 Educational
                                              (at 4800bps)            Institutions
Institute of Technology Bandung
                                  InterNet
                                                   3 Major IX     WIDE Japan




 IndoSat                      Satelindo                 Telkom
    IX                           IX                        IX


                                                    Post
       Indonesian ISP                                                    ITB-Net
                                                 Indonesia
    (~ 40 registered ISP)



                                             Will be 600 cities    > 20 Educational
                                              (at 4800bps)            Institutions
Institute of Technology Bandung
                                  InterNet                        WIDE Japan




 IndoSat                      Satelindo                 Telkom
    IX                           IX                        IX


            Many Educational Institutions
                                  Post
                                           ITB-Net
       Indonesian ISP
                               Indonesia
                   Are
    (~ 40 registered ISP) Connected to ITB



                                             Will be 600 cities    > 20 Educational
                                              (at 4800bps)            Institutions
Institute of Technology Bandung
                                  InterNet                        WIDE Japan




 IndoSat                      Satelindo                 Telkom
    IX                           IX                        IX


    No Government Subsidy ITB-Net
      Indonesian ISP
                        Post
                     Indonesia
         Government Incentive
   Noregistered ISP)
   (~ 40



                                             Will be 600 cities    > 20 Educational
                                              (at 4800bps)            Institutions
Institute of Technology Bandung
                       Indonesia Edu-Network
                    Palapa B2R

                                                                                      JCSat-3 (128E)
                64-128Kbps                              ITB
             US$1000-1500/bulan                      Cam pus -Net
                                                                                          2Mbps


University
 Ne tw ork                                                                                 Internet

                    VSAT              C-Band          ITB Main         Ku-Band
                Ground Station     Ground Station   Internet Hub    Ground Station

                   2Mbps WaveLAN                                                     256Kbps

 PTS A               PTS B
                    PTSB
                    Ne tw ork                Bandung-Net                IPTEK-NET
Network            Network


Institute of Technology Bandung
                                  Basic Strategies
        Try to use the existing infrastructure or
         build your own whenever possible.
        Employed Qualified Human Resource.




Institute of Technology Bandung
                                  Basic Strategies
        Try to use the existing infrastructure or
         build your own whenever possible.
        Employed Qualified Human Resource.



                       The most difficult task!

Institute of Technology Bandung
                   IHE-Net Universities on
                          Internet
        Institute of Technology Bandung.
        Institute of Technology Surabaya.
        University Gadjah Mada.
        University North Sumatra.
        University Tanjung Pura.
        University Lampung.



Institute of Technology Bandung
              Those with Internet access

                                  what can we do next?




Institute of Technology Bandung
                 Beberapa Servis Internet
        e-mail                   cnrg@itb.ac.id.
        mailing list             sysop-l@itb.ac.id
        News server              news.ee.itb.ac.id.
        WWW                      http://www.itb.ac.id.
        FTP server               ftp.ee.itb.ac.id.
        Videoconference          -
        Internet FAX Server      -
        Internet Phone           -
Institute of Technology Bandung
             ITB is hosting > 150 mailing lists
             Beberapa Servis Internet
           (the largest mailing list in Indonesia)
        e-mail                   cnrg@itb.ac.id.
        mailing list             sysop-l@itb.ac.id
        News server              news.ee.itb.ac.id.
        WWW                      http://www.itb.ac.id.
        FTP server               ftp.ee.itb.ac.id.
        Videoconference          -
        Internet FAX Server      -
        Internet Phone           -
Institute of Technology Bandung
             Beberapa Servis Internet
            Only <60 News Server in Indonesia
        e-mail                   cnrg@itb.ac.id.
        mailing list             sysop-l@itb.ac.id
        News server              news.ee.itb.ac.id.
        WWW                      http://www.itb.ac.id.
        FTP server               ftp.ee.itb.ac.id.
        Videoconference          -
        Internet FAX Server      -
        Internet Phone           -
Institute of Technology Bandung
                 Beberapa Servis Internet
        e-mail
               Hunderds of Web on Indonesia
                            cnrg@itb.ac.id.
               (about ~20% of it in education)
        mailing list       sysop-l@itb.ac.id
        News server              news.ee.itb.ac.id.
        WWW                      http://www.itb.ac.id.
        FTP server               ftp.ee.itb.ac.id.
        Videoconference          -
        Internet FAX Server      -
        Internet Phone           -
Institute of Technology Bandung
                 Beberapa Servis Internet
                       ITB is running reflector
        e-mail         for VideoConference.
                                 cnrg@itb.ac.id.
        mailing list            sysop-l@itb.ac.id
        News server
                                  VideoConf
                         Internetnews.ee.itb.ac.id.
        WWW
                         costs US$3-4 / hour!
                                 http://www.itb.ac.id.
        FTP server              ftp.ee.itb.ac.id.
        Videoconference         -
        Internet FAX Server     -
        Internet Phone          -
Institute of Technology Bandung
             Those with Internet Access
        Contact person for various activities.
        Activate discussion groups in Internet for
         various activities.
        Disseminate information over Internet.
        Web content development.




Institute of Technology Bandung
        Those with no Internet access

                                  what can we do?




Institute of Technology Bandung
          Those with no Internet acces
        List of contact persons.
        Host web at other universities.




Institute of Technology Bandung
                                  Summary
        Internet would be one of the best media for
         building the required Indonesian human
         resources.
        Internet is only a tool.

        The   key factor is on the qualified
            human resource employed.

Institute of Technology Bandung
Institute of Technology Bandung
Institute of Technology Bandung