Amazon Conservation Team 2003 Annual Report by quearess


									amazon 2003 annual report

      letter from
      the president
      Dear Friends,
      In the words of ACT supporter Harold Montgomery,
      organizations either hit their stride or fail by their seventh     Aritana, Chief of Yawalapiti, presents territorial map to Mark Plotkin.
      year: you’ve either invented a better mousetrap or you’re
      hawking the office furniture on eBay. In the NGO world, you
      have either bettered the way the world works, or your time         At ACT we strive to improve the overall health of the
      has passed. At the ripe old age of eight, ACT is truly thriving.   Amazonian forests and the people who make those forests
                                                                         their home. For us, such a focus on health must always
      And we’re thriving in more ways than one. Fiscally, our            involve enlisting the partnership of our indigenous colleagues
      operations have grown by 90% since 2002. That increase             to use traditional ethnobiological knowledge in order to
      has allowed ACT staff and our indigenous colleagues to             promote positive change. In many cases, we collaborate
      cast a wider net and replicate our successes in other parts        through a series of simple, logical steps: map, manage, and
      of the Amazon Basin. Of course, growth for growth’s sake           protect. The ACT program that best exemplifies this approach
      is not how this organization operates: we have focused             is ACT-Brazil, and no project better highlights our approach
      our resources on making great projects better – more               than our work in the Xingu (pronounced “shing-goo”).
      sustainable, more efficient, and more representative of
                                                                         The Xingu River stretches over 750 miles from its source near
      the needs and wants of our indigenous colleagues.                  the Paraguayan border to where it empties its waters into the
                                                                         mainstream Amazon. Home to 14 different tribes, the region
      And rest assured, I’m not the only one tooting the ACT
                                                                         is the single most important biocultural conservation priority
      horn. Colombia’s Academy of Sciences (COLCIENCIAS)
                                                                         in the Brazilian Amazon. The ACT-Brazil team partnered
      has officially received ACT’s Traditional Medicine Research
                                                                         with the Brazilian government to work with our indigenous
      Group, an affiliate of the Universidad del Rosario, into its       colleagues to map and begin to improve management of the
      program. At the World Parks Conference in Durban, South            seven million acres that comprise the Xingu Indigenous Park.
      Africa, a conference that convenes only once a decade,             The result is a series of cultural maps — legal documents
      ACT’s work with the UMIYAC indigenous association and              that will help drive the management and protection of the
      the creation of the Alto Fragua Indi Wasi National Park was        preeminent stand of forests in the southeast Amazon. ACT
      highlighted as one of the most progressive and promising           has a long-term commitment to these people and their forests,
      conservation initiatives in the entire Neotropics. The success     and looks forward to expanding and consolidating the scope
      of our ethnomedical programs in the most remote forests            of these efforts for many, many years to come.
      of southern Suriname was recognized by the World Bank
                                                                         We here at ACT would like to extend our gratitude to all
      when it decided to help ACT expand the program among               of our friends and supporters who make our work possible.
      two additional tribes. And the top UK science magazine             ACT is a true team, combining the energies of everyone
      New Scientist highlighted the achievements of our cultural         from our indigenous colleagues deep in the forests of the
      mapping initiative in the Northeast Amazon. Clearly, our           Amazon Basin to forward-thinking officials on Capitol Hill
      efforts are recognized and praised by more and more people         to supporters across the globe who care deeply about saving
      around the globe.                                                  our planet. We hope you’ll continue supporting our efforts
                                                                         as we move forward.

                                                                         Mark J. Plotkin, Ph.D.

 values                                                                           Amazon Conservation Team
                                                                                  President Mark Plotkin once said to me, “When a tribal
                                                                                  elder or a shaman dies, we lose a library of information.”
                                                                                  Indigenous cultures, for generations, have disseminated
                                                                                  information through oral tradition and experiential learning.
                                                                                  We are now at risk of losing this knowledge.
ACT believes that conservation
is a moral issue. Therefore, ACT makes                                            It is a fundamental right of indigenous people to protect
certain that all programs and projects are                                        and preserve their environment and culture. With the
in compliance with eight Core Values:                                             guidance of tribal elders and shamans of more than 30 tribes,
                                                                                  ACT facilitates inter-tribal communication and cooperation
                                                                                  and ensures the preservation of ancient medicinal knowledge.
ACT promotes the development of processes of
                                                                                  The organization also functions as a bridge between the
research, interdisciplinary study and consensus building,
                                                                                  tribes and local, national and international agencies.
in the framework of a systematic analysis of life that
contemplates the integration of culture, nature, and health.                      The mission of ACT is to protect and preserve with honor
                                                                                  and respect, for without the cooperation and trust of the
                                                                                  people whom they serve, nothing of lasting value can be
ACT works for the preservation of biocultural diversity.
                                                                                  Melinda Maxfield, Ph.D.
ACT contributes to the strengthening of shamanic knowledge
                                                                                  ACT Board of Directors
systems and their transmission to the following generations.

ACT promotes the study, recovery, protection, and
dissemination of traditional health systems.

ACT’s programs are based on an intercultural dialogue
between indigenous wisdom and Western science
knowledge systems.

ACT supports and promotes the fundamental rights
of indigenous people.

ACT does not engage in bioprospecting.

We are responsible for our natural and social environment.

Above: Tatuyo payés, Yuruparí ceremony.
Cover main image: Fragua River, Colombia.
Cover images: Brugmansia sanguinea; Tirio child from Suriname; Benicia Queta, elder of the Kofán people;
Myiotriccus phoenicurus (Ornate Flycatcher); Ikpeng man with child, Xingu Indigenous Park.
Following page: Rainforest, Suriname.

      suriname & colombia
      Suriname, that small, unique country
      in the Guianas heartland, possesses some of the most intact
                                                                                       across generations. In December, ACT began the final stages
                                                                                       of the processing and analysis of three years of clinic-driven
      tropical forest on the planet. It is in these forests that ACT                   data, and the World Bank awarded its prestigious Development
      President Mark Plotkin made his initial forays into the world of                 Marketplace grant to ACT’s integrated medicine project, the first
      ethnobotany. The 25 years of relationships that Mark has built                   such award made for a Suriname-based initiative.
      with the Indians of southern Suriname and the leadership of
      our Program Director Neville Gunther drive the successes of                      Also in 2003, ACT-Suriname office was selected as the field
      our Suriname program. The team operates out of our Suriname                      implementing agency for a three-year collaborative sustainable
      headquarters in the capital of Paramaribo, and the Trio village                  development and biocultural conservation project between the
      of Kwamalasamutu serves as our field base in the forest.                         governments of Suriname and Brazil to be sponsored by the
                                                                                       Organization of American States. This project will work toward
      The Suriname team continues to advance the frontiers of                          increased native land rights, the promotion and integration of
      ethnomedicine. Our bi-cultural western/traditional medical                       traditional medicine, monitoring and protection of indigenous
      clinics continue to serve as focal points that provide medical                   areas, and conservation training and capacity building of
      care to some of the most isolated communities on the planet                      native groups.
      and are centers of transmission of ethnobiological knowledge

      The Colombian Amazon is
      where ACT got off the ground as an organization and was the
                                                                                       over 2,000 indigenous families. Also, the Ingano indigenous as-
                                                                                       sociation Tandachiridu Inganokuna completed the final draft of
      stomping grounds of the grandfather of ethnobotany, Dr. Richard                  a management plan for the Alto Fragua Indi Wasi National Park.
      Schultes, Mark Plotkin’s mentor. Dr. Germán Zuluaga has been                     This document, published in Spanish and Ingano, serves as the
      the director of ACT Colombia (in-country, the Instituto de                       cornerstone of management and protection for the 168,000-acre
      Etnobiología) since 1996. His team, in full partnership with                     park. To carry out the management and surveillance of the Park,
      10 tribes of the Northwest Amazon, has championed a broad                        seven “park ranger” families were trained and settled at critical
      range of projects ranging from ethnomedicine to biocultural                      posts along the Park’s borders. In collaboration with the
      conservation aimed at the implementation of community-                           indigenous yagé healers’ association UMIYAC, ACT Colombia
      designed development plans. Our Colombia headquarters, sited                     also completed biological and cultural inventories of the
      outside Bogotá in the town of Cota, and a well-staffed field                     biodiversity-rich territory known as the Predio UMIYAC. Cultural
      office in the Amazon town of Mocoa, serve as operation bases.                    maps were produced, boundaries of the protected area were
                                                                                       demarcated, and legal steps were taken to ensure the area’s
      For 2003, ACT Colombia counts among its advances the                             public recognition. Plans for the expansion of the Predio are
      incorporation of the ethnoeducation school Colegio Yachaicury                    slated for 2004. This fieldwork is being carried out almost in its
      and the expansion of a traditional agriculture project benefiting                entirety by a thriving Shamans and Apprentices Program.

      Nahtahlah, Trio Shaman with medicinal plants; Beverly de Vries with shaman’s apprentices in South Suriname; ACT staff and UMIYAC’s Territory Committee.

brazil program
          & new initiatives

ACT’s Brazil program was
incorporated in 2000 and, since that time, has been directed
                                                                                work in the Tumucumaque Indigenous Reserve and our bi-
                                                                                national programs with Suriname.
by Vasco van Roosmalen. Vasco and his team operate in four
local field offices to maximize the efficiency of implementing                  The big news in Brazil this year was the culmination of mapping
projects over a huge country. From Brasilia, the capital, a central             within the Xingu Indigenous Park. The seven million acre park is
office manages administration and finances, serves as the link                  the single most important biocultural conservation priority in the
to headquarters in Virginia, and develops the indispensable                     Amazon. Years of work on the mapping project were finalized in
relationships with government ministries and other NGOs.                        late 2003 and celebrated in early 2004. It was one of the most
In Canarana—a small town in the southern state of Mato                          challenging, most rewarding, and most important projects ACT
Grosso—a small technical team coordinates our work in the                       has ever undertaken. It is also just a start. ACT is committed to
nearby Xingu Indigenous Park. In Manaus, the bustling                           turning these maps into a baseline for managing the Park’s
capital of the central Amazon, another small team coordinates                   resources and fending off illegal loggers, miners, and settlers
all the mapping work and the program in the Uwasu Reserve.                      that threaten the ecological and cultural integrity of the region.
And finally, up north in Macapá, an ACT team coordinates

ACT’s long-term vision includes
the better management and protection of an enormous
                                                                                In 2003, ACT began developing a biocultural conservation
                                                                                program with the Hotï based on successful models developed
corridor of tropical wilderness covering 3/4 of a million square                by ACT in Brazil, Colombia, and Suriname. Central to this
miles in the northern Amazon, stretching from the Atlantic                      program is the urgent need for sustainable and culturally
Ocean to the foothills of the Northern Andes. Reaching that                     appropriate healthcare delivered to remote Hotï groups with
goal will involve working in the forests of Venezuela and will                  high disease burdens in the setting of extremely limited or
require building partnerships with the Hotï, a tribal group of                  non-existent access to medical services. Like all our other
hunters in the region. Located in the Sierra Maigualida region of               efforts, this will be a long-term process based on developing
southern Venezuela, the Hotï continue to persist as one of the                  the trust and cooperation of the Hotï peoples.
least acculturated peoples in all South America.

Vasco van Roosmalen addressing the assembled leaders of the Xingu; Germán Zuluaga and taita Laureano Becerra; Chris Herndon examining a Hotï child.

                                                                                  revenue                         2003         2002
                                                                                  Grants                          $1,336,395   $598,537
                                                                                  Grants (Government)             $492,946     $44,802
                                                                                  Contributions                   $1,405,113   $1,043,400
                                                                                  Investment Income               $2,365       $4,261
                                                                                  Sublease Income                 $7,579       $17,064
                                                                                  Other Income                    $4,583       $689
                                                                                  total revenue                   $3,248,981   $1,708,753

                                                                                                        Paullinia yoco

      expenses                                                 2003                     2002
      Biodiversity                                             $650,853                 $598,971
      Health                                                   $602,457                 $267,032
      Culture                                                  $711,630                 $581,027
      General and Administrative                               $308,496                 $180,601
      Fundraising                                              $67,526                  $82,838
      total expenses                                           $2,340,962               $1,710,469

      For a complete financial report, audited by Berry Group, P.C. Certified Public Accountants,
      contact the ACT Headquarters office.

the team
BOARD OF DIRECTORS                                                   ARLINGTON HQ OFFICE                                SURINAME
Robert Boykin, Chairman, Boykin Lodging Company                      Mark J. Plotkin, Ph.D.                             Neville Gunther, M.Sc., Director
Rachel Albright                                                        President                                        Beverly de Vries
Stephen Altschul, Ph.D., National Institutes of Health               Liliana Madrigal                                   Romana Emanuels
Gibson Anderson, Echelon Corporation                                   Executive Director                               Reshma Hanoeman
Margaret Clark, J.M.R. Barker Foundation                             Juan Carlos Riascos de la Peña                     Christopher Herndon, M.D.
Ken Cook, Environmental Working Group                                  Vice President for Projects                      Bruce Hoffman, M.Sc.
Addison Fischer, Zenerji, LLC                                        Shayne Gardner                                     Jeetendra Jitan
Thomas Lovejoy, Ph.D., The Heinz Center                                Director of Finance and Administration           Angela Monorath
Melinda Maxfield, Ph.D., Angeles Arrien Foundation                   Matt Bidwell                                       Henk Schoonhoven
Todd Oldham, Todd Oldham Studio                                        Chief Technical Officer                          Frits van Troon
Susan Sarandon, actress and activist                                 Charelle Eastman                                   Kenneth Wongsonadi
David Stoup, Trilogy Ventures                                          Accountant
Ward Paine, Emeritus                                                 Yan Goldshmidt                                     COLOMBIA
Paula Sculley, Emerita                                                 Graphic Design                                   Germán Zuluaga, M.D., Director
Adam Albright, Advisor to the Board                                  Susan Gurney, M.L.S.                               Carolina Amaya, M.A., M.D.
                                                                       Media Assistant                                  Silvia Amaya, M.Sc.
ADVISORY COMMITTEE                                                   David Stone                                        Juan Guillermo Buenaventura, M.F.A.
Jeff Bridges, actor                                                    Editor                                           Claudia Cabanzo
Jim Hills, Native and Nature                                         Elizabeth Wuerker                                  Elsa Cadena, J.D.
Andres Isaza, M.D., Universidad del Rosario                            Communications Coordinator                       Alcira Cao
Michel Nischan, Miche Mache, LLC                                     Harry Rijken                                       Maria del Carmen Castro, CPA
Nora Pouillon, Restaurant Nora and Asia Nora                           ACT Holland                                      Ricardo Contreras
Rebecca Rose, The Columbus Zoo                                                                                          Camilo Correal, M.D.
Miranda Smith, Miranda Productions                                   BRAZIL                                             Ignacio Giraldo
Heather Thomas-Brittenham, actress and activist                      Vasco van Roosmalen, M.Sc., Director               Felipe Henao
Andrew Tobias, author                                                Marcos Sebastião Ataide                            Julia Edith Hernandez
George Tobolowsky, Capitol Entertainment                             José Carlos Avellar                                Luciano Mutumbajoy
                                                                     Ivana Burgos                                       Patricia Navarrete, M.Sc.
PARTNERS                                                             Rodrigo Del Monte Veludo                           Antonio Páez, M.Ed.
Centre for Indigenous Peoples’ Nutrition                             Michelle Lehnen                                    Fabio Quevedo
and Environment (CINE), McGill University                            Aline Neves                                        Marta Rosero, M.Sc.
The Columbus Zoo, Columbus, Ohio                                     Arlison Nogueira                                   Henry Salazar
Instituto de Etnobiología, Cota, Colombia                            Jefferson Nogueira                                 Iván Sarmiento
Medical Mission of Suriname, Paramaribo, Suriname                    Silvana Oliveira                                   Adriana Suárez
Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona                      Wesley Pacheco
Panda Foundation, Paramaribo, Suriname                               Dario Dias Peixoto                                 CONSULTANTS
Tandachiridu Inganokuna (United Organization                         Edwilson Pordeus                                   Carolina Alcover
of Ingano Peoples), Caquetá, Colombia                                Lenira Cecilia Schmitt                             Cynthia Frisch
The Tirio Communities of Kwamalasamutu                               Marcelo Segalerba                                  Hugh Govan, Ph.D.
and Tepu, Suriname                                                   Marilia Viotti                                     Laurie Monti, Ph.D.
                                                                                                                        Carlos Salinas
SPONSORS                                                                                                                Abigail Wright
Casual Adventure               CD CardX
ESRI                           Ex Officio
Kiehl’s                        Nature’s Path

Left to right: Robert Boykin; Juan Carlos Riascos with Ikpeng colleagues; Rachel Albright, Mama Lola Mutumbajoy, Melinda Maxfield, and Liliana Madrigal;
David Stoup with Chief of the Mehinaku tribe, Xingu.

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