130 Liberty Street Building New York_ New York Site-Specific

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					130 Liberty Street Building
New York, New York

Site-Specific Health & Safety Plan for
Asbestos Building Inspection,
WTC Dust Characterization, and
Visual Mold Inspection Study


Prepared for:
Lower Manhattan Development Corporation
One Liberty Plaza, 20th Floor, New York, NY 10006




Prepared By:
The Louis Berger Group, Inc.
199 Water Street, 23rd Floor, New York, NY 10038




August 2004


Draft - Confidential and Client Privileged
             The Louis     Berger Group, Inc.
                                                                                                Site-Specific Health & Safety Plan



                                              TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0       INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 1
          1.1  Site History ............................................................................................................. 1
          1.2  Scope and Objectives.............................................................................................. 2

2.0       KEY PERSONNEL .......................................................................................................... 5
          2.1  Project Manager ...................................................................................................... 5
          2.2  Project Safety Officer ............................................................................................. 5
          2.3  Field Team Leader/Site Safety Officer ................................................................... 5
          2.4  Employee Safety Responsibilities........................................................................... 6
          2.5  Key Safety Personnel - Phone Numbers................................................................. 7

3.0       ACTIVITY HAZARD ANALYSIS................................................................................. 8
          3.1  Chemical Hazards ................................................................................................... 8
          3.2  Physical Hazards..................................................................................................... 8
          3.3  Environmental Hazards........................................................................................... 9
               3.3.1 Heat Stress .................................................................................................. 9
               3.3.2 Noise ......................................................................................................... 10
          3.4  Task-Specific Activity Hazard Analyses .............................................................. 11

4.0       WORK AND SUPPORT AREAS ................................................................................. 12
          4.1 Exclusion Zone ..................................................................................................... 12
          4.2 Contamination-Reduction Zone............................................................................ 12
          4.3 Support Zone......................................................................................................... 12
          4.4 Site Control Log.................................................................................................... 13
          4.5 General Safety Requirements ............................................................................... 13

5.0       PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT ...................................................................................... 15
          5.1 Anticipated Protection Levels............................................................................... 15
          5.2 Protection Level Descriptions............................................................................... 15
              5.2.1 Level D...................................................................................................... 15
              5.2.2 Modified Level D (D+)............................................................................. 15
              5.2.3 Level C...................................................................................................... 16
          5.3 Air-Purifying Respirators...................................................................................... 16
          5.4 Respirator Cartridges ............................................................................................ 16
          5.5 Respirator Cartridge Change-Out Schedule.......................................................... 16
          5.6 Respirator Inspection and Cleaning ...................................................................... 17
          5.7 Respirator Fit Testing ........................................................................................... 17



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                                                 TABLE OF CONTENTS
                                                     (continued)

          5.8        Respirator Requirements Concerning Facial Hair ................................................ 17
          5.9        Respirator Requirements Concerning Corrective Lenses ..................................... 17
          5.10       Medical Certification ............................................................................................ 17
          5.11       Site-Specific Personal Protective Equipment Program......................................... 18
          5.12       Site-Specific Respiratory Protection Program ...................................................... 18

6.0       DECONTAMINATION PROCEDURES..................................................................... 19
          6.1 Personnel Decontamination .................................................................................. 19
              6.1.1 Suspected Contamination.......................................................................... 20
              6.1.2 Personal Hygiene ...................................................................................... 20
          6.2 Equipment Decontamination ................................................................................ 20
          6.3 Disposal................................................................................................................. 20

7.0       AIR MONITORING....................................................................................................... 21
          7.1  Work Area Air Monitoring ................................................................................... 21
          7.2  Instrumentation ..................................................................................................... 21
          7.3  Air Monitoring Recordkeeping............................................................................. 22
          7.4  Calibration Requirements ..................................................................................... 22
          7.5  Air Monitoring Results ......................................................................................... 22

8.0       EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND CONTINGENCY PLAN ..................................... 23
          8.1 Emergency Response Plan.................................................................................... 24
          8.2 Emergency Contacts ............................................................................................. 26
          8.3 Site Maps .............................................................................................................. 26
          8.4 Evacuation Routes and Procedures....................................................................... 26
              8.4.1 Evacuation Signals and Routes................................................................. 26
              8.4.2 Evacuation Procedures.............................................................................. 26
          8.5 Medical Emergency Contingency Measures ........................................................ 27
              8.5.1 Medical Emergency Response.................................................................. 27
              8.5.2 Notification ............................................................................................... 29
          8.6 Fire Contingency Measures .................................................................................. 29
          8.7 Emergency Equipment.......................................................................................... 30

9.0       TRAINING REQUIREMENTS .................................................................................... 31
          9.1  Site Orientation ..................................................................................................... 31
          9.2  Daily Safety Meetings........................................................................................... 31



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                                                                                         Site-Specific Health & Safety Plan


                                              TABLE OF CONTENTS
                                                  (continued)

10.0      MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE PROGRAM ................................................................ 32
          10.1 Examination Schedule .......................................................................................... 32
          10.2 Occupational Physician......................................................................................... 32


TABLES
Table 1:     Activity Hazard Analysis
Table 2:     Guidelines for Work-Rest Periods
Table 3:     Action Levels for Hearing Protection
Table 4:     Job Safety Analyses for Site Characterization and Survey
Table 5:     Anticipated Protection Levels
Table 6:     Air Monitoring Information
Table 7:     Worker Medical Profile


FIGURES
Figure 1: Site Location Map
Figure 2: Hospital Route Map


APPENDICES
Appendix A:        Health and Safety Plan Certification
Appendix B:        Health and Safety Plan Amendment Documentation Form
Appendix C:        Hazard Communication Program
Appendix D:        Material Safety Data Sheets
Appendix E:        Tailgate Safety Meeting Form




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                                                                    Site-Specific Health & Safety Plan


1.0       INTRODUCTION
The Louis Berger Group, Inc. (Berger), under contract with the Lower Manhattan Development
Corporation (LMDC) and in its role as an Environmental Consultant for the World Trade Center
Memorial and Redevelopment Plan (WTC Rebuilding Plan), was authorized to conduct an
Asbestos Building Inspection, World Trade Center (WTC) Dust Characterization, and Visual
Mold Inspection Study (the Study) at the building located at 130 Liberty Street, New York, NY
(the Building). The Study was conducted to determine the presence of Asbestos Containing
Materials (ACM) and/or other contaminants of potential concern associated with settled WTC
dust and/or visible mold prior to the scheduled deconstruction of the Building. The scope of the
Study was similar to an environmental site assessment/investigation that is performed by lending
institutions and/or parties to property transactions after their initial due diligence review. As
such, the overall intent and objective of the Study was to identify any building materials that
would be classified as ACM as well as to determine whether particular contaminants
(Contaminants of Potential Concern, or COPCs) that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
(U.S. EPA) determined were released on September 11, 2001, were present in the Building as
surface dust.

Following the WTC Event, the U.S. EPA established a committee to evaluate COPCs found in
WTC dust. The COPC Committee of the World Trade Center Indoor Air Task Force Working
Group prepared the World Trade Center Indoor Environment Assessment: Selecting
Contaminants of Potential Concern and Setting Health-Based Benchmarks (May 2003), which
identified the compounds of concern for Lower Manhattan cleanup efforts. The WTC Dust
Characterization for COPCs, as defined by the U.S. EPA’s COPC Committee, are Silica,
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs), Dioxin, Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), Heavy
Metals (Barium, Beryllium, Cadmium, Chromium, Copper, Lead, Manganese, Nickel, and Zinc),
and Mercury.

This Site-Specific Health and Safety Plan (HASP), which was developed to support the
objectives of the Study, provides protocols for ensuring the health and safety of all persons
during implementation of the Sampling and Analysis Plan (SAP). Berger considers safety the
highest priority during work at a site containing potentially hazardous materials or activities and
has established a goal of zero incidents for all projects. All projects will be conducted in a
manner that minimizes the probability of near misses, equipment or property damage, or
personal injury. This Site-Specific HASP will be used in conjunction with the SAP and the
Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP), which were developed pursuant to all applicable
federal, state, and local regulations. This work is being performed under Contract Number
F40951.



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                                                                    Site-Specific Health & Safety Plan


This Site-Specific HASP is capable of being implemented at a multi-employer work site.
Information and references within this plan shall in no way imply or alleviate any other site
contractor or subcontractor from his respective responsibility to comply with any and all
applicable State or Federal statutes or regulations regarding the completion of this project. It is
the responsibility of each employer to communicate and coordinate work planning in order to
prevent his work activities from becoming a potential hazard to other workers at the project site.
Failure to communicate will not alter an employer’s responsibilities or obligations for any
resulting injuries to his employees.

1.1       Site History

The events of September 11, 2001, causing the destruction of the World Trade Center (WTC)
Towers, physically destroyed significant portions of the interior and exterior of the Building, a
42 story, approximately 1.5 million square foot office building. The massive debris generated
from the collapse of the South Tower broke approximately 1,500 windows and opened a gash
(“Gash Area”) in the Building’s exterior exposing portions of the interior of the north side of the
Building between the 7th through 24th Floors. The debris demolished the plaza in front of the
Building, exposing the basement and sub-basement (Basement A and Basement B) areas and
ruptured a diesel fuel tank in the basement, the contents of which burned. As a result of these
events, a combination of soot, dust, dirt, debris, and contaminants settled in and on the Building.
The Gash Area and broken windows exposed the interior of the Building to the elements, which
may have caused some further impacts even after the initial exposures and events on September
11, 2001. Subsequent to September 11, 2001, cleaning operations have been undertaken to clear
debris from the plaza, lobby and interior spaces in the Gash Area. The immediate Gash Area
was remediated in accordance with New York City Department of Environmental Protection
(NYCDEP) and New York City Department of Health (NYCDOH) protocols to permit the
construction of columns, beams and floor decks in the Gash Area to stabilize the situation; which
was followed by the hanging of a porous geosynthetic mesh or “netting” on the outside of the
gashed side of the building for further protection and safety. Once the initial cleaning and
stabilization measures were in place, office furniture, equipment and other non-attached items in
the building were removed and disposed. During this time, several study activities were also
undertaken to assist the building owner and their insurance representatives in understanding the
extent and impacts of the WTC dust-related contamination.

The WTC Rebuilding Plan also was initiated during this period. The first stage of the WTC
Rebuilding Plan has been identified as including the deconstruction of the building at 130
Liberty Street down to the top of the foundation walls. This deconstruction will include the
removal of interior walls, stairs, ceilings, floor coverings, Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing
(MEP) items, exterior skin, superstructure concrete, and structural steel. The building will be


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                                                                        Site-Specific Health & Safety Plan


deconstructed piece by piece as a safety precaution, and will not include the use of
explosion/implosion devices as is typically the case with conventional building demolition.

1.2       Scope and Objectives

An Asbestos Building Inspection is required to facilitate the proposed deconstruction of the
Building and to comply with: (1) the New York City Department of Buildings permitting
requirements, and (2) the pre-demolition requirements promulgated by the New York City
Department of Environmental Protection (NYCDEP), Section I-53; the New York State
Department of Labor (NYSDOL) Industrial Code, Rule 56: Asbestos Regulation, Title 15,
Sections 56-1.4 and 56-1.9(e); and the U.S. EPA National Emissions Standards for Hazardous
Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for asbestos-containing materials (ACM).

In addition to the Asbestos Building Inspection, a WTC Dust Characterization and Mold
Inspection will be performed to determine whether or not the aforementioned COPCs and mold
are present in the Building. The results of the Study will be used to obtain permits and to aid in
developing procedures for the deconstruction process, including: (1) worker health and safety;
(2) the implementation of engineering controls and precautionary work practices to ensure public
health and safety; (3) remediation and disposal procedures that properly address all identified
contaminants; and (4) compliance with applicable Federal, State and local regulations throughout
the deconstruction process. To meet these objectives, the following scope of work has been
developed:
          TASK 1               Plans and Preparation
          TASK 2               Asbestos Inspection and Material Survey
          TASK 3               WTC Dust Characterization for Asbestos
          TASK 4               WTC Dust Characterization for Silica, PAHs, Dioxin, PCBs, Heavy
                               Metals, and Mercury
          TASK 5               Visual Inspection for Mold
          TASK 6               Communication and Report Preparation

This Site-Specific HASP has been prepared for the above scope of work. Any changes to the
scope of work will require amendment of the plan, which will be contingent upon approved. The
Site Health and Safety Amendment Documentation Form (Appendix B) will be used for all
revisions/amendments to this plan.

The remainder of this report is divided into nine sections, which will address Tasks 2 through 5
of the Study. Section 2.0 identifies key personnel and responsibilities for implementation of this
Site-Specific HASP. Sections 3.0 and 4.0 address potential hazards that may be encountered on
the Site, as well as the associated work and support areas.                Protective equipment,


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                                                                 Site-Specific Health & Safety Plan


decontamination procedures, and air monitoring are discussed in Sections 5.0, 6.0, and 7.0,
respectively. Section 8.0 presents the Emergency Response and Contingency Plan, followed by
the training and medical surveillance program requirements, which are detailed in Sections 9.0
and 10.0.




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                                                                         Site-Specific Health & Safety Plan


2.0       KEY PERSONNEL
The Project Manager (PM), Field Team Leaders (FTL), Project Certified Industrial Hygienist
(CIH), and Site Safety Officers (SSO) each share responsibilities for formulating and enforcing
health and safety requirements, as well as implementing the Site-Specific HASP. This section
outlines the responsibilities of each of these key personnel.

2.1       Project Manager

The Project Manager has overall responsibility for the project and must ensure that the
requirements of the contract are attainable within the confines of the Site-Specific HASP
requirements. One of the primary responsibilities of the PM is to coordinate with the FTL/SSO
to assure that the work is completed in a manner consistent with the Site-Specific HASP. The
PM will supervise the allocation of resources and staffing to implement specific aspects of this
Site-Specific HASP and may delegate authority to expedite and facilitate any application of the
program.

2.2       Project Safety Officer

The Project Safety Officer (PSO) is responsible for developing and reviewing the Site-Specific
HASP and ensuring that the Site-Specific HASP is complete and accurate. Additional
responsibilities of the PSO are to provide technical and administrative support and to be
available for consultation when required. If necessary, the PSO will direct modifications (see
Appendix B) to specific aspects of the Site-Specific HASP to adjust for on-site changes that
affect safety, and the FTL/SSO will coordinate with the PSO on necessary modifications to the
Site-Specific HASP. In order to determine compliance with regulations, the PSO may make
periodic site visits.

2.3       Field Team Leader/Site Safety Officer

The Field Team Leader/Site Safety Officer (FTL/SSO) is responsible for field implementation of
the Site-Specific HASP and the Site Emergency Response and Contingency Plan. The FTL/SSO
is authorized to administer the Site-Specific HASP. Primary operational responsibilities of the
FTL/SSO include personal and environmental monitoring, selection and care of personal
protective equipment, assignment of protection levels, review of work permits, and observation
of work activities. In the event an imminent health or safety risk arises, the FTL/SSO is
authorized to stop work. The FTL/SSO will review the essential safety requirements with all on-
site personnel and will facilitate the daily safety meetings. Specific responsibilities of the
FTL/SSO include:

          •    Monitoring workers for signs of stress, such as cold stress, heat stress, and fatigue;


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          •    Reevaluating site conditions on an ongoing basis and coordinating protective
               measures including engineering controls, work practices, and personal protective
               equipment;
          •    Presentation and documentation of daily safety meetings;
          •    Conducting and preparing reports of daily safety inspections of work processes, site
               conditions, and equipment conditions;
          •    Initiating revisions of the Site-Specific HASP as necessary for new tasks or initiating
               modifications of existing operations, which are then submitted to the Project CIH for
               approval (see Appendix B);
          •    Performing air monitoring, as required by the Site Specific Health and Safety Plan;
          •    Assisting the PM and in incident investigations;
          •    Preparing permits for special operations, e.g., hot work, confined spaces, line
               breaking, etc.;
          •    Maintaining site safety records; and
          •    Conducting inspections of all fire extinguishers, first-aid kits, and eye
               washes/emergency showers. Inspections will be documented on a record sheet
               pertaining to each piece of equipment.

2.4       Employee Safety Responsibilities

Each employee is responsible for personal safety, as well as the safety of others in the work area,
and is expected to participate fully in the site safety and health program. Employees will use all
equipment provided in a safe and responsible manner, as directed by the FTL. All Berger
personnel will follow the policies set forth in the Berger Field Safety Manual. Site personnel
concerned with any aspect of health and safety shall bring it to the attention of the FTL. If not
satisfied, they should contact the Corporate Health & Safety Officer or the Project CIH. All
project personnel have the authority to stop work if in their judgment serious injury could
result from continued activity. The FTL/SSO shall be notified immediately if stopping work
becomes necessary. To protect the health and safety of all personnel, site employees that
knowingly disregard safety policies or procedures will be subject to dismissal (from the Site).

Specific requirements include:
          •    Reading the Site-Specific HASP and any amendments prior to the start of on-site
               work;




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                                                                       Site-Specific Health & Safety Plan


          •    Providing documentation of medical surveillance and training to the FTL prior to the
               start of work;
          •    Attending the pre-entry briefing prior to beginning on-site work, as well as other
               scheduled safety meetings;
          •    Expressing any questions or concerns regarding the content of the Site-Specific
               HASP to the FTL prior to the start of work;
          •    Reporting all potentially dangerous situations, incidents, injuries, and illnesses,
               regardless of their severity, to the FTL; and
          •    Complying with the requirements of this Site-Specific HASP and the requests of the
               FTL.

2.5       Key Safety Personnel - Phone Numbers

The following individuals share responsibility for health and safety at the Site.

                           Project Manager:           Anthony Lee
                                                      212-612-7967 (office)

                                                      Richard Wetherbee
                           Technical Report
                                                      212-612-7936 (office)
                           Manager:
                                                      646-772-4550 (cellular)

                                                      Kevin McMahon
                           Task Manager/              610-363-5397 (office)
                           Project Safety Officer:    609-273-1457 (cellular)
                                                      610-363-5390 (fax)

                                                      Tim Donohoe
                                                      917-378-3404 (cellular)
                                                      Josh Cupriks
                           Field Team Leaders/        646-772-2261 (cellular)
                           Site Safety Officers       Brad Mullner
                                                      973-417-6959 (cellular)
                                                      Leo Pevzner
                                                      646-772-5879 (cellular)




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3.0       ACTIVITY HAZARD ANALYSIS
This section outlines the potential chemical and physical hazards to which workers may be
exposed during work at the Site. Chemical and physical hazards assessment in this section is
based on the information provided from project documents. Table 1 is a representative list of
hazardous materials present at the Site; Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for these materials
are included in Appendix D. For those groups where many compounds are present (e.g., PCBs,
PAHs, dioxins), one compound from each group is included as representative of that group.

3.1       Chemical Hazards

Work at the Site may expose workers to heavy metals, asbestos, silica, PAHs, PCBs, and
dioxins. Potential exposure may occur during sampling and inspection activities. Because skin
contact and inhalation are possible routes of exposure, skin and respiratory protection must be
worn. A summary of hazard information is listed below.

The following general symptoms may indicate exposure to a hazardous chemical. Personnel will
be removed from the work site and provided immediate medical attention if the following
symptoms occur:

          •    Dizziness or stupor;

          •    Nausea, headaches, or cramps;

          •    Irritation of the eyes, nose, or throat;

          •    Euphoria;

          •    Chest pains and coughing; or

          •    Rashes or burns.

3.2       Physical Hazards

To minimize physical hazards, standard safety protocols will be followed at all times. Failure to
follow safety protocols will result in removal of the employee from the Site. All personnel shall
be familiar with the physical hazards presented by each of the tasks they perform. Task specific
hazard analyses are provided in Section 3.5, which shall be reviewed prior to beginning each task
and periodically throughout the task. Note that these activity hazard analyses are general in
nature; it is the responsibility of the FTL to revise and adapt them as necessary to reflect site-
specific conditions.


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The FTL/SSO will observe the general work practices of each crew member and enforce safe
procedures. Work areas will be inspected by the crew leaders or FTL/SSO and all hazards will
be corrected in a timely manner. A variety of physical hazards may be encountered during work
activities at this site; thus, Job Safety Analyses will be developed for each principal activity and
will identify all major hazards to which employees may be exposed. Hard hats, safety glasses,
and steel-toed safety boots are required in all work areas of the Site. Site-specific hazards and all
necessary precautions will be discussed at the daily safety meetings. The Berger Field Safety
Manual will be maintained at the project site (and will be available electronically) as a reference
document.

Note: Sampling activities on the roof and on the exterior netting require a site inspection and
further review of safety requirements before commencement. No activities on the roof or on
the exterior netting shall occur, unless this Site-Specific HASP is amended with a fall
protection plan and the Project CIH authorizes the work.

3.3       Environmental Hazards

Environmental factors, such as ambient temperature, may pose a hazard to workers when
performing certain tasks on the job site. The FTL/SSO will take necessary actions to alleviate
these hazards should they arise.

3.3.1     Heat Stress

The combination of warm ambient temperature and protective clothing increases the potential for
heat stress. Heat stress disorders include:

          •    Heat rash;
          •    Heat cramps;
          •    Heat exhaustion; and
          •    Heat stroke.

The Berger Field Safety Manual outlines heat stress prevention, which will be reviewed during
safety meetings. Heat stress can be prevented, provided an adequate work-rest schedule is
followed and ample amounts of fluids are consumed.

Workers are encouraged to increase consumption of water and electrolyte-containing beverages
(e.g., Gatorade). In addition, workers are encouraged to take rests and immediately report any
symptoms that may be indicative of heat stress. Based on worker recommendations, the
frequency of breaks may be either increased or decreased. In general, the number of hours of


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work performed before a rest period is based on experience with similar work. Stated time
periods for work should be considered maximums.

Modifications to the site plan may be necessary due to individual physical variabilities and
differences in physical work activities. Professional judgment of the FTL/SSO, such as
evaluation of individual work loads, ambient weather conditions, worker acclimatization, and
personal protective equipment (PPE) levels, is necessary to ensure that the plan adequately
protects against heat stress. Table 2 presents guidelines for work-rest schedules for various
protection levels.

Alternatively the work-rest schedule can be calculated based on heat stress monitoring results.
Monitoring consists of taking the radial pulse of a worker for 30 seconds immediately after
exiting the work area. The frequency of monitoring is described as follows:

          •    If the heart rate exceeds 110 beats per minute at the beginning of the rest period,
               shorten the next work cycle by 1/3 and keep the rest period the same. If the heart rate
               still exceeds 110 beats per minute at the next rest period, increase the following rest
               period by 1/3. The initial rest period should be at least 5 minutes.

          •    Body temperature, measured orally or through the ear canal, may also be monitored
               to assess heat stress. Workers should not be permitted to continue work when their
               body temperature exceeds 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius). Monitoring
               should be conducted at the beginning of each break period, as noted above.

          •    Monitoring for heat stress will begin when the ambient temperature reaches or
               exceeds 72.5 degrees Fahrenheit when wearing chemical protective clothing (Level
               C, B, A), or 80 degrees Fahrenheit for site activities performed with no chemical
               protective clothing (Level D). Monitoring may include pulse rate, weight loss, oral/
               or ear canal temperature, signs and symptoms of heat stress, and fluid intake.

3.3.2     Noise

Hearing protection is required for workers operating or working near heavy equipment, where
the noise level is greater than 85 dBA, Time Weighted Average (TWA). The FTL/SSO will
determine the need and appropriate testing procedures, (i.e., sound level meter and/or dosimeter)
for noise measurement.

Noise monitoring should be conducted during the beginning of each activity, as well as each time
modifications to Site activity create increased noise levels (e.g., adding additional equipment). A
sound level meter will be used to measure noise levels at selected locations in the work area and


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on the Site perimeter when treatment equipment is operating normally.           Noise monitoring
equipment must be calibrated before and after each shift.

If continuous noise levels are found to exceed 85 dBA at any location within the work area,
warning signs will be posted. Workers and visitors will be notified that hearing protection is
required. Appropriate hearing protection (e.g., ear plugs) must be worn whenever personnel or
visitors are working in that location within the Site. A supply of ear plugs will be maintained on
site.

Action levels presented in Table 3 will trigger the use of appropriate hearing protection (ear
plugs or muffs). Hearing protection must be able to attenuate noise below 90 dBA (8 hour
TWA). Each hearing protection device has a Noise Reduction Rating (NRR) assigned by the
U.S. EPA. The calculation for a hearing protection device’s effectiveness is: Noise reading dBA
(NRR – 7dB) less than 90 dBA

3.4       Task-Specific Activity Hazard Analyses

This section of the Site-Specific HASP provides a breakdown of the hazards and control
measures for each principal task. These Activity Hazard Analyses (AHA) are general in nature
and must be made project-specific by the FTL/SSO prior to each task. The AHAs will be field
checked by the FTL/SSO on an ongoing basis and revised as necessary. All revisions will be
communicated to the work crew. Table 4 presents Job Safety Analyses for Site Characterization
and Survey.




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4.0       WORK AND SUPPORT AREAS
To prevent migration of contamination through personnel and equipment, work areas will be
clearly specified, as follows, prior to beginning operations. Each work area will be classified in
accordance with the Occupational Safety and Health Guidance Manual for Hazardous Waste
Site Activities, a collaborative work by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
(NIOSH), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the United States Coast
Guard (USCG), and the U.S. EPA. Each work area will be clearly identified using signs or
physical barriers.

4.1       Exclusion Zone

The Exclusion Zone (EZ) is the area suspected of contamination, which presents the greatest
potential for worker exposure to hazardous materials. Personnel entering the EZ must wear the
mandated level of protection for that area. Depending upon the situation, different levels of
protection will be required. The tasks and monitoring performed within that zone will determine
the requisite level of protection. The EZ for this project will include the sampling/inspection
areas of the building.

4.2       Contamination-Reduction Zone

The Contamination Reduction Zone (CRZ), or transition zone, will be established between the
EZ and Support Zone (SZ). In this area, personnel will begin the sequential decontamination
process required to exit the EZ. To prevent offsite migration of contamination and to maintain
accountability, all personnel will enter and exit the EZ through the CRZ. The CRZ for this
project will be the access/egress routes to and from the EZ, as well as the personnel and
equipment decontamination stations.

4.3       Support Zone

The SZ serves as a clean, control area in which the operational support facilities are located.
Normal work clothing and support equipment are appropriate in this zone. Equipment or
clothing that has been contaminated will not be allowed in the SZ. There will be a clearly
marked controlled access point from the SZ into the CRZ and EZ that is monitored closely by the
FTL/SSO to ensure proper safety protocols are followed. The SZ will encompass areas outside
the EZ and CRZ used for support (e.g., a security station or changing area).




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4.4       Site Control Log

A log of all personnel visiting, entering, or working on the Site shall be maintained at the Site.
The log will keep records of the date, name, company or agency, and time entering or exiting the
Site.

No visitors will be permitted to enter the EZ without first showing proof of training and
compliance with the medical monitoring requirements under 29 CFR 1910.120(e), (f), and/or
similar requirements for asbestos. Visitors must supply their own boots and respiratory
equipment, if required, and must attend a site orientation given by the FTL/SSO, where they will
be asked to sign the Site-Specific HASP.

4.5       General Safety Requirements

The following items are requirements to protect the health and safety of workers and will be
discussed in the safety briefing prior to initiating work on the Site.

          •    Eating, drinking, chewing gum or tobacco, smoking, or any practice that increases the
               probability of hand to mouth transfer and ingestion of contamination is prohibited in
               the EZ and CRZs.

          •    Hands and face must be washed upon leaving the EZ and before eating, drinking,
               chewing gum or tobacco, smoking, or other activities for which there is a risk of
               ingesting contamination.

          •    During Site operations, each worker will consider himself as a safety backup to his
               partner, and will alert others to any potentially dangerous situations that may develop.
               Offsite personnel will provide emergency assistance.

          •    Visual contact will be maintained between workers on site when performing
               hazardous duties.

          •    No personnel will be admitted to the Site without the proper safety equipment,
               training, and medical surveillance certification.

          •    All personnel must comply with established safety procedures. Any staff member
               who does not comply with safety policy, as established by the FTL/SSO, will be
               immediately dismissed from the Site.

          •    Proper decontamination procedures must be followed before leaving the Site.



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          •    All Berger employees are authorized to stop work if they observe unsafe actions of
               workers or other unsafe conditions on site.

          •    All workers and visitors must sign in and out of the Site.




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5.0       PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
This section specifies the levels of personal protective equipment (PPE) that are or may be
required for each principal activity performed at the Site. All Site personnel must be trained in
the use of all PPE utilized.

5.1       Anticipated Protection Levels

The following protection levels have been established for the Site work activities based on the
information provided from the initial investigation concerning the levels of site contaminants and
the scope of work. Results of site air monitoring and visual inspection of the work activities may
indicate the need for changes in final PPE level(s). Changes in the initial PPE Levels presented
in Table 5 require completion of the Site-Specific HASP amendment form, provided in
Appendix B.

5.2       Protection Level Descriptions

This section lists the minimum requirements for each protection level. Modification to these
requirements may be noted in Table 5.

5.2.1     Level D

Protection Level D consists of the following PPE requirements:

          •    Safety glasses with side shields;
          •    Hard hat;
          •    Steel-toed work boots;
          •    Work clothing as prescribed by weather; and
          •    Leather work gloves when material handling.

5.2.2     Modified Level D (D+)

Modified Protection Level D consists of the following PPE requirements:

          •    Safety glasses with side shields;
          •    Hard hat;
          •    Steel-toed work boots;
          •    Latex booties;



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          •     Nitrile or leather gloves for material handling;
          •    Face shield (when projectiles pose a hazard); and
          •    Tyvek coveralls.

5.2.3     Level C

Protection Level C consists of the following PPE requirements:

          •    Full-face, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor/HEPA filter cartridges, and
               Tyvek coveralls (Polycoated Tyvek for handling wet materials/liquids);
          •    Hard hat;
          •    Steel-toed work boot;
          •    Nitrile, neoprene, or PVC gloves over latex sample gloves;
          •    Latex overboots; and
          •    Face shield (when projectiles or splashes pose a hazard).

5.3       Air-Purifying Respirators

A NIOSH approved full-face respirator with air purifying cartridges will be used for Level C
work.

5.4       Respirator Cartridges

The Berger workers in Level C will wear respirators equipped with cartridges approved for the
following contaminants:

          •    Organic vapors <1,000 ppm
          •    Dusts, fumes and mists with a TWA <0.05 mg/m3

5.5       Respirator Cartridge Change-Out Schedule

All respirator cartridges will be changed a minimum of once daily or more frequently if
personnel begin to experience increased inhalation resistance or immediately if breakthrough of a
chemical warning property (e.g. eye, nose, or throat irritation or odor) occurs. The FTL/SSO
will review this requirement after monitoring the employee’s breathing zone for site
contaminants and will revise this schedule as may be necessary to avoid over-exposure. Use of
cartridge respirators in environments with actual exposure over an OSHA Permissible Exposure



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Limit (PEL) for a particular substance will require consultation with the Project CIH to
determine specific cartridge change-out schedules.

5.6       Respirator Inspection and Cleaning

Respirators shall be checked periodically by a qualified individual and inspected before each use
by the wearer. All respirators and associated equipment will be decontaminated and hygienically
cleaned after each use.

5.7       Respirator Fit Testing

Annual respirator fit tests are required of all personnel wearing negative-pressure respirators.
The test will use isoamyl acetate or irritant smoke, as applicable. The fit test must be for the
style and size of the respirator to be used. Quantitative fit-testing is required for use of
respirators in chemical environments where the respirator effective use limit exceeds ten times
the PEL/TLV (exposure of 1 ppm inside the respirator for 10 ppm outside the respirator).
Therefore, quantitative fit-testing is dependent on the PEL/TLV of the chemical substance
involved. Quantitative fit-testing is required for potential exposure to air-borne particulate levels
that exceed 10 times the established PEL/TLV, whichever is more stringent.

5.8       Respirator Requirements Concerning Facial Hair

No personnel who have facial hair that interferes with the respirator's sealing surface will be
permitted to wear a respirator and will not be permitted to work in areas requiring respirator use.

5.9       Respirator Requirements Concerning Corrective Lenses

Normal eyeglasses cannot be worn under full-face respirators because the temple bars interfere
with the respirator's sealing surfaces. For workers requiring corrective lenses, special spectacles
designed for use with respirators will be provided.

5.10      Medical Certification

Only workers who have been certified by a physician as being physically capable of respirator
usage will be issued a respirator. Personnel unable to pass a respiratory fitness test or without
medical clearance for respirator use will not be permitted to enter or work in areas on site that
require respiratory protection. Employees must obtain a written physician’s opinion that they are
fit for general hazardous waste operations, as per 29 CFR 1910.120(f)(7).




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5.11      Site-Specific Personal Protective Equipment Program

The primary objective of the PPE program is to ensure employee protection and to prevent
employee exposure to site contaminants during site operations. Engineering controls are not
feasible for many tasks, which therefore require the use of PPE.

The FTL/SSO will be responsible for monitoring all aspects of the PPE program, which includes
donning and doffing, temperature related stress monitoring, inspection, and decontamination (see
Section 6.0). Initial PPE requirements are identified in Table 5 for each specified task. The
FTL/SSO in conjunction with the PSO will direct changes in PPE based on changing conditions.
This Site Specific HASP will serve as written certification that the workplace was evaluated
concerning PPE requirements by competent personnel.

5.12      Site-Specific Respiratory Protection Program

The primary objective of respiratory protection is to prevent exposure to atmospheric
contamination. When engineering measures to control contamination are not feasible, or while
they are being implemented, personal respiratory protective devices will be used.

The criteria for determining respirator need have been evaluated based on the site contaminants;
expected levels of protection are outlined in Section 5.1. Air monitoring will be conducted to
confirm that respiratory protection levels are adequate (see Section 7.0). All respirator users will
be trained in proper respirator use and maintenance, and the FTL/SSO will observe workers
during respirator use for signs of stress. The FTL/SSO and PSO will also evaluate this Site-
Specific HASP periodically to determine its continued effectiveness with regard to respiratory
protection (see Section 5.7, Respirator Cartridge Change-Out Schedule).




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6.0       DECONTAMINATION PROCEDURES
This section describes the procedures necessary to ensure that both personnel and equipment are
free from contamination when they leave the work site.

6.1       Personnel Decontamination

Decontamination procedures will ensure that material that workers may have contacted in the EZ
does not result in personal exposure to contaminants and that such material is not spread to clean
areas of the Site. The following sequences describe the general decontamination procedures for
Level D, Modified Level (D+), and Level C. Dry decontamination may be used if there is
insufficient space to support a full decontamination station, as delineated in the steps below, and
such action is approved by the PSO. The FTL/SSO will ensure that decontamination procedures
are adequate.

Level D+ Decontamination
      1. Go to the end of the EZ
      2. Remove and discard latex booties
      3. Remove outer gloves and discard
      4. Cross into CRZ (dirty side of respirator wash area)
      5. Remove protective suit (polycoated or regular Tyvek)
      6. Remove inner sample gloves and discard
      7. Wash face and hands

Level C Decontamination
      1. Go to end of EZ and remove and discard latex booties
      2. Remove outer gloves and discard
      3. Remove outer suit (polycoated or regular Tyvek)
      4. Remove outer sample gloves and discard
      5. Cross into CRZ (dirty side of respirator wash area)
               a) Remove and clean respirator
               b) Dry and place in plastic bag
      6. Remove inner sample gloves and discard
      7. Wash face and hands




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6.1.1     Suspected Contamination

Any employee suspected of sustaining skin contact with chemical materials will proceed to the
decontamination area. Here, the worker will remove clothing and don clean clothing. Medical
attention will be provided as determined by the degree of injury.

6.1.2     Personal Hygiene

Personnel will wash hands, arms, neck, and face following decontamination and before any
eating, smoking, drinking, or applying cosmetics.

6.2       Equipment Decontamination

Equipment/tools used within the EZ will be decontaminated before being removed from the site.
Workers will move the equipment to a decontamination area near the exit of the EZ. Following
decontamination activities, equipment will be inspected by the FTL/SSO prior to leaving the
Site. Once the equipment is inspected and deemed free of contamination, it will be removed from
the Site.

6.3       Disposal

All decontamination liquids and disposable clothing will be treated as contaminated waste unless
determined otherwise by accepted testing methods. Wastes will be disposed of according to
New York State and federal regulations.




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7.0       AIR MONITORING
Air monitoring will be conducted in order to characterize personnel exposures from site
contaminants. Principal contaminants of concern are listed in Section 3.0 of this Site-Specific
HASP. Results of air monitoring will be used to ensure the proper selection of protective
clothing and equipment, including respiratory protection, to protect on-site personnel and offsite
receptors from exposure to unacceptable levels of site contaminants. Descriptions of air
monitoring strategies, procedures, and equipment are provided in the following subsections.
Modification of this plan, including additional monitoring, may be considered as judged
necessary by the PSO, in conjunction with the FTL/SSO.

7.1       Work Area Air Monitoring

Work area air monitoring will include direct reading methods. Air monitoring will be conducted
during sampling activities. During sampling activities, direct reading air monitoring will be
performed in the EZ to determine exposure to workers. A summary of air monitoring
information is provided in Table 6.

7.2       Instrumentation

The following is a description of the Real-Time Aerosol Monitor (MIE Model Pr100 Data-
RAM), which is the air monitoring equipment that will be used at the Site.

Type and Operational Aspects

          Detection of light in the near infrared region back-scattered to a sensor (photovoltaic
          detector) by airborne particulate in a sensing volume

          The higher the dust concentration, the more back-scattering of light to the sensor, which
          results in elevated readings

          Device calibrated at the factory against an air sampling filter/gravimetric analysis
          reference method

Calibration Methods/Frequencies

There is no calibration method or procedure for calibrating the Data-RAM monitor; however, it
is recommended that the Data-RAM monitor be re-zeroed weekly. During a zero check, the
sampled air passes through the purge air filter and dryer to effect a self-cleaning of the optical
chamber.



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Preventative Maintenance

Maintenance of the Data-RAM consists of replacement of filters and desiccant, battery
replacement, and cleaning of the optical detection assembly.

7.3       Air Monitoring Recordkeeping

The FTL/SSO will ensure that all air-monitoring data is documented in a log book. Data will
include instrument used, wind direction, work process, etc. The Berger PSO may periodically
review this data.

7.4       Calibration Requirements

The mini-RAM/Data-RAM meter will be calibrated prior to each use. A log will be kept
detailing the date, time, span gas or other standard, and the name of person performing the
calibration.

7.5       Air Monitoring Results

Air monitoring results will be reviewed with site personnel.




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8.0       EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND CONTINGENCY PLAN
Before commencing on-site operations, site personnel must read the Site-Specific HASP and
become familiar with potential hazardous situations at the Site. In addition, the FTL/SSO will
advise all personnel of potential emergencies. Evacuation and rescue plans, emergency
assistance personnel, and the location of emergency rescue equipment will be discussed in the
form of a “tailgate” safety meeting. Factors to be discussed will include, but are not limited to,
the following:

      1. Communication networks and warning signals used at the building
      2. First aid equipment
      3. Rescue operations
      4. Notification of fire, police, and emergency facilities
      5. Evacuation plans
      6. Rescue equipment
      7. Personal Protective Equipment

Advance planning for an emergency helps minimize the potential hazards of an unpredictable
event, such as physical injury, chemical exposure, or fire. An emergency condition is considered
to be present when:

          •    A member of the crew is involved in an accident or is experiencing adverse effects or
               symptoms of exposure; or

          •    When a condition is discovered and suggests that a situation is more hazardous than
               first thought or anticipated.

Prior to conducting an activity, the FTL/SSO will implement the following general emergency
procedures:

      1. Appropriate contacts listed in the Key Personnel and Emergency Numbers will be
         identified. This list will be posted conspicuously on site.
      2. The “Buddy System” will be used by all personnel on site.
      3. Visual contact between pairs will be maintained at all times, with other team members
         remaining in close proximity to assist each other in case of an emergency.
      4. In the event that any on-site personnel experience adverse health effects or symptoms, a
         report will be made to the PSO immediately upon notification by the crew. This



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          information will be logged onto OSHA Form No. 301, or its equivalent, and will be the
          basis of any accident/incident investigations.
      5. Upon discovering a condition that suggests the existence of a situation more hazardous
         than anticipated, the crew will evacuate the Site and re-evaluate the hazard and level of
         protection equipped. This information will be reported by the Project Manager to the
         PSO, requesting assistance if necessary.
      6. Accidents will be reported immediately to the client’s representative and the PSO, so that
         an accident investigation and appropriate corrective actions can be taken.
      7. Personnel not familiar with certain operations will practice the operation prior to doing
         the actual work in the field.

8.1       Emergency Response Plan

If during, or as a result of, project activities a dangerous or emergency situation occurs, the
Emergency Response (ER) Plan will be activated. Examples of situations that shall necessitate
the implementation of this ER Plan include hazardous substances, fires or explosion, medical
emergency, or “Stop Work.” In the event the ER Plan must be implemented, the FTL/SSO will
initiate the following actions:

          •    Suspend all activities on the Site and evacuate all personnel to a safe location
               (preferably upwind);

          •    Ensure that any person injured or subject to physical or chemical exposures receives
               immediate medial attention; and

          •    Notify the PSO and the local agency designated to respond to a hazardous materials
               incident (if necessary).

The FTL/SSO will implement the ER plan whenever conditions at the Site warrant such action.
It is the responsibility of the FTL/SSO to assure the evacuation, emergency treatment,
emergency transport of site personnel (as necessary), and notification of emergency response
units and the appropriate project management staff.

Evacuation

At any site location, in the event of an emergency situation, all personnel will evacuate and
assemble near the support area location determined prior to the beginning of the daily operating
tasks. For efficient and safe site evacuation and assessment of the emergency situation, the
FTL/SSO will have authority to initiate proper action if outside services are required. Under no


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circumstances will incoming personnel or visitors be allowed to proceed into the area once the
emergency signal has been given. The FTL/SSO will ensure that access for emergency
equipment is provided and that all combustion apparatus (e.g., operating machinery) have been
disabled once the alarm has occurred. The safety of all personnel will be established and the Fire
Department or other emergency response agencies will be notified of the emergency. The site
evacuation plan shall be rehearsed as part of the overall training program for site operations.

Injury to Site Personnel

Emergency first aid shall be administered on site, as necessary. If appropriate, the individual
shall be decontaminated and transported to the nearest medical facility (refer to Figure 2). The
FTL/SSO will supply medical data sheets to appropriate medical personnel and complete an
incident report on the accident or injury. The ambulance/rescue squad shall be contacted for
transport (as necessary) in the event of an emergency. Some situations, however, may require the
transport of an injured party by other means; transportation by automobile may be required.

Personal Exposure

     Skin Contact
     Wash and rinse the affected area thoroughly with copious amounts of soap and water, then
     provide appropriate medical attention. If affected, the eyes should be thoroughly rinsed with
     water.
     Inhalation
     Move to fresh air. If necessary, decontaminate and transport to hospital.
     Ingestion
     Decontaminate and transport to emergency medical facility.
     Puncture Wound / Laceration
     Decontaminate, if possible, and transport to an emergency medical facility.




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8.2       Emergency Contacts

In the event of an emergency the following contacts will be made:


                                         EMERGENCY CONTACT NUMBERS
              Name                     Title          Office           Home               Mobile
                                                     Number           Number              Phone
                                                    Emergency
      Police/Fire/EMS                  --               911             911                 911
      Hospital                         --         (212) 312-5000         --                  --
      Anthony Lee              Project Manager    (212) 612-7967         --                  --
      Richard                  Technical Report
                                                  (212) 612-7936   (212) 982-5327     (646) 772-4550
      Wetherbee                    Manager
                                     Task
      Kevin McMahon                               (610) 363-5397   (609) 259-0811     (609) 273-1457
                                Manager/PSO


8.3       Site Maps

The following Site maps are provided in support of the ER Plan.

          •    Figure 1 – Site Location Map

          •    Figure 2 – Hospital Route Map

8.4       Evacuation Routes and Procedures

All emergencies require prompt and deliberate action. In the event of an emergency, it will be
necessary to follow an established set of procedures, which will be followed as closely as
possible. In specific emergency situations, however, the emergency coordinator may deviate
from the procedures to provide a more effective plan for controlling the situation. The
emergency coordinator is responsible for determining which situations require site evacuation.

8.4.1     Evacuation Signals and Routes

Two-way radio communication or its equivalent will be used to notify employees of the
necessity to evacuate an area or building involved in an emergency event. Total site evacuation
will be initiated only by the emergency coordinator; however, in his absence, the decision to
preserve the health and safety of employees will take precedence.

8.4.2     Evacuation Procedures

In the event evacuation is necessary the following actions will be taken:


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          •    The emergency notice will be given.

          •    ALL on-site personnel, visitors, and contractors in the support zone will assemble at
               the entrance to the site for a head count and await further instruction from the
               emergency coordinator.

          •    ALL persons in the exclusion zone and contamination reduction zone will be
               accounted for by their FTL/SSO. The FTL/SSO will determine the safest exits for
               employees and will also choose an alternate exit if the first choice is inaccessible.

          •    During exit, the crew leader should try to keep the group together. Immediately upon
               exit, the crew leader will account for all employees in his crew.

          •    Upon completion of the head count, the crew leader will provide the information to
               the emergency coordinator.

          •    A final tally of persons will be made by the emergency coordinator or designee. No
               attempt to find persons not accounted for will involve endangering lives of site
               personnel by re-entry into emergency areas.

          •    In all questions of accountability, immediate crew leaders will be held responsible for
               those persons reporting to them.

          •    Personnel will be assigned by the emergency coordinator to be available at the main
               entrance to direct and brief emergency response teams.

          •    Re-entry into the Site will be made only after clearance is given by the emergency
               coordinator. At his direction, a signal or other notification will be given for re-entry
               into the Site.

8.5       Medical Emergency Contingency Measures

The procedures listed below will be used to respond to medical emergencies. A minimum of one
First-Aid/CPR trained personnel should be available on site.

8.5.1 Medical Emergency Response

The nearest workers will immediately assist a person who shows signs of medical distress or
who is involved in an accident. The FTL/SSO will be also be summoned. The FTL/SSO will
immediately make contact with the on-site emergency coordinator to alert him of a medical
emergency situation. The FTL/SSO will advise the following information:


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          •    Location of the victim at the work site;
          •    Nature of the emergency;
          •    Whether the victim is conscious; and
          •    Specific conditions contributing to the emergency, if known.
The following actions will then be taken depending on the severity of the incident:

          •    Life-Threatening Incident – If an apparent life-threatening condition exists, the
               FTL/SSO will inform the emergency coordinator by radio, and the local Emergency
               Response Services (EMS) will be immediately called. Someone on site will be
               appointed who will meet the EMS and quickly direct them to the victim. Any injury
               within the EZ will be evacuated by personnel to a clean area for treatment by EMS
               personnel. No one will be able to enter the EZ without showing proof of training,
               medical surveillance, and site orientation.

          •    Non Life-Threatening Incident – If it is determined that no threat to life is present, the
               FTL/SSO will direct the injured person through decontamination procedures (see
               below) appropriate to the nature of the illness or accident. Appropriate first aid or
               medical attention will then be administered.

*Note:         The area surrounding an accident site must not be disturbed until the scene has
               been cleared by the Site Safety Officer.

Any personnel requiring emergency medical attention will be evacuated from exclusion and
contamination reduction zones if doing so will not endanger the life of the injured person or
otherwise aggravate the injury. Personnel will not enter the area to attempt a rescue if their own
lives may be threatened. The decision whether or not to decontaminate a victim prior to
evacuation is based on the type and severity of the illness or injury and the nature of the
contaminant. For some emergency victims, immediate decontamination may be an essential part
of life-saving first aid. For others, decontamination may aggravate the injury or delay life-saving
first aid. Decontamination will be performed if it does not interfere with essential treatment.

If decontamination can be performed, Wash external clothing and cut it away. If, however,
decontamination cannot be performed, observe the following procedures:

          •    Wrap the victim in blankets or plastic to reduce contamination of other personnel;
          •    Alert emergency and offsite medical personnel to potential contamination; instruct
               them about specific decontamination procedures; and



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          •    Select site personnel familiar with the incident and chemical safety information (e.g.,
               MSDS) to accompany the injured person.

All injuries, regardless of severity, will be reported to the PSO.            In addition, an
accident/injury/illness report will be promptly completed and submitted to the Project CIH. A
list of emergency telephone numbers is provided in the Table in Section 8.2.

8.5.2     Notification

The following personnel/agencies will be notified in the event of a medical emergency:

          •    Local Fire Department or EMS;
          •    Onsite Emergency Coordinator;
          •    Workers in the affected areas; and
          •    Client Representative.

8.6       Fire Contingency Measures

Because flammable/combustible materials may be present at the Site, fire is an ever-present
hazard. Berger personnel are not trained professional firefighters; therefore, if there is any doubt
that a fire can be quickly contained and extinguished, personnel will notify the emergency
coordinator by radio and vacate the structure or area. The FTL/SSO will immediately notify the
local Fire Department.

The following procedures will be used to prevent the possibility of fires and resulting injuries:

          •    Sources of ignition will be segregated from areas where flammable materials are
               handled or stored; and
          •    Before workers begin operations in an area the FTL/SSO will give instruction on
               egress procedures and assembly points. Egress routes will be posted in work areas
               and exit points will be clearly marked.
The following procedures will be used in the event of a fire:

          •    Anyone who sees a fire will notify his or her FTL/SSO; the FTL/SSO will then
               contact the local Fire Department;
          •    When the emergency notice is given, workers will disconnect electrical equipment in
               use (if possible) and proceed to the nearest fire exit;




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          •    Work crews will be comprised of pairs of workers (“buddy system”) who join each
               other immediately after hearing the fire alarm and remain together throughout the
               emergency. Workers will assemble at a predetermined rally point for a head count;
               and
          •    When a small fire has been extinguished by a worker, the emergency coordinator will
               be notified.

8.7       Emergency Equipment

At a minimum, the following equipment shall be available on-site for emergency response:

          •    Industrial first aid kit;
          •    Portable eye washes (one per field team);
          •    Fire extinguishers (one per trailer/vehicle, trailers, and located at hot work stations);
               and
          •    Two-way radios.

After an emergency, prompt restoration of utilities, fire protection equipment, medical supplies,
and other equipment will reduce the possibility of further damages.




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9.0       TRAINING REQUIREMENTS
As a requirement for work in any hazardous work area at the Site, all field personnel will be
required to take a 40-hour HAZWOPER and current 8-hour refresher, or an asbestos inspector,
supervisor, or abatement worker training class. All personnel shall be up-to-date with any
refresher requirements.

All personnel entering the EZ or CRZ shall be trained in the provisions of this Site-Specific
HASP and are required to sign the Site Safety Plan Acknowledgment in Appendix A.

Site-specific training will include the topics shown in the table in Section 9.1. Emergency
telephone numbers will be posted at the site location before any work at the Site begins.

9.1       Site Orientation

Outlines of the orientation for Berger employees, and visitors are presented below:

                             BERGER EMPLOYEES                                      VISITORS
   • Site-Specific HASP sign off                                         • Sign in/out procedures
   • Sign in/out procedures                                              • Site Background/
   • Site background/characterization                                      Characterization
   • Chain of command                                                    • Review of Site map
   • Rules and regulations                                               • Work Zones in progress
   • Hours of work                                                       • Hazard Communication
   • Absences                                                            • Emergency plan/signals
   • Personal Protective Equipment/respirator fit test (if applicable)   • Training/medical requirements
   • Emergency Information                                               • Zones/areas open to visitors
         • Emergency signal
         • Gathering point
         • Responsibilities/roles
         • Emergency phone numbers
   • Site Control/Work Zones
   • Contaminants and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
     [Hazard Communication Program]; symptoms of overexposure
   • Hazards/AHAs
   • Air Monitoring Program
   • Forms, site-specific
   • Incident Reporting
   • Training Requirements



9.2       Daily Safety Meetings

A safety meeting will be conducted by the FTL/SSO before each shift begins. Topics to be
discussed include task hazards and protective measures (physical, chemical, and environmental),
emergency procedures, PPE levels, and other relevant safety topics. Meetings will be
documented in a log book.


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10.0 MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE PROGRAM
All site personnel working in hazardous areas shall participate in a medical monitoring program
as outlined in Table 7. This program is initiated when the employee starts work with a complete
physical and medical history and is continued on a regular basis.

10.1      Examination Schedule

Workers are to be examined initially upon start of employment, biennially or annually thereafter,
and may be examined upon termination of employment. Unscheduled medical examinations are
conducted:

          •    At employee request after known or suspected exposure to toxic/hazardous materials,
               biological agents or extreme environmental conditions, e.g., heat or cold stress;
          •    At the instruction of the PSO, or employer occupational physician, after known or
               suspected exposure to toxic/hazardous materials, biological agents, or extreme
               environmental conditions, e.g. heat or cold stress; and
          •    At the discretion of the employer occupational physician based on prior or present
               medical conditions.

10.2      Occupational Physician

The Occupational Physician and the PSO will be immediately notified of any suspected
exposures to hazardous materials/wastes, biological agents, or temperature extremes resulting in
heat/cold stress. The Occupational Physician for this project is:

          Iris Udasin, M.D.
          Environmental and Occupational Health Services (EOHS)
          170 Frelinghuysen Road
          Piscataway, New Jersey 08854
          (732) 445-0200




Draft - Confidential and Client Privileged      - 32 -
                                             TABLES




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                                                                    Table 1
                                                           Activity Hazard Analysis
                                                    PEL/                                                     HEALTH HAZARDS/
  CHEMICAL                                          TLV                   EXPOSURE ROUTES                    PHYSICAL HAZARDS
                         0.002 mg/m3 PEL-TWA
                         0.005 mg/m3 Ceiling
                         0.025 mg/m3 30-minute
Beryllium                maximum peak                                                               Chest pain, cough, eye irritation, skin
                                                                     Inhalation, Ingestion
Compounds                0.002 mg/m3 TLV TWA                                                        irritation, Berylliosis and weakness
                         0.01 mg/m3 TLV STEL
                          4 mg/m3 IDLH

                         0.005 mg/m3 PEL-TWA
                                                                                                    Pulmonary edema, dyspnea, cough, chest
Cadmium                  0.01 mg/m3 TLV (total dust)
                                                                     Inhalation, Ingestion          tightness, subs pain, headache, shills muscle
Compounds                0.002 mg/m3 TLV (respirable)
                                                                                                    aches, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
                         9 mg/m3 IDLH

                                                                                                    Weakness, lassitude, insomnia, facial pallor,
                         0.050 mg/m3 PEL/TLV-TWA                                                    malnutrition, constipation, abdomen pain,
Lead                                                                 Inhalation, Ingestion          colic anemia, tremor, paralyzed wrist and
                         100 mg/m3 IDLH                                                             ankles, encephalopathy, kidney disease, eye
                                                                                                    irritation, hypotension

                         0.001 mg/m3 NIOSH
 PCBs                    5 mg/m3 IDLH                                                               Irritated eyes and skin, dizziness, mental
                                                                     Inhalation, Skin absorption,
(chlorodiphenyl          1 mg/m3 (skin) PEL/TLV TWA                                                 dullness, nausea, headache, fatigue,
                                                                     Ingestion
42%)                                                                                                anesthesia, enlarged liver
                         5 mg/m3 IDLH




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                                                                               Table 1
                                                                      Activity Hazard Analysis
                                                 PEL/                                                                    HEALTH HAZARDS/
 CHEMICAL                                        TLV                                  EXPOSURE ROUTES                    PHYSICAL HAZARDS
Asbestos               0.1 fibers /cc (PEL/TLV - TWA)                                                           A respiratory, eye irritant; asbestos fibers
                       1.0 fibers /cc PEL (excursion limit 30 min.)              Inhalation, Ingestion          are associated with chronic lung disease;
                                                                                                                asbestosis, lung cancer, malignant
                                                                                                                mesothelioma; confirmed human
                                                                                                                carcinogen]



PAHs                   Varies                                                    Inhalation, Skin absorption,
                                                                                 Ingestion

Dioxins                None                                                      Inhalation, Skin absorption,
                                                                                 Ingestion                      Irritation eyes; allergic dermatitis,
                                                                                                                chloracne; porphyria; gastrointestinal
                                                                                                                disturbance; possible reproductive,
                                                                                                                teratogenic effects; in animals: liver, kidney
                                                                                                                damage; hemorrhage; [potential
                                                                                                                occupational carcinogen

Mercury                NIOSH REL: Hg Vapor: TWA 0.05 mg/m3 [skin]                Inhalation, Ingestion, Skin
                                                                                 absorption, Contact            Irritation eyes, skin; cough, chest pain,
                       0.1 mg/m3 PEL                                                                            dyspnea (breathing difficulty), bronchitis,
                       0.025 mg/m3 TLV (skin)                                                                   pneumonitis; tremor, insomnia, irritability,
                       2 mg/m3 IDLH                                                                             indecision, headache, lassitude (weakness,
                                                                                                                exhaustion); stomatitis, salivation;
                                                                                                                gastrointestinal disturbance, anorexia,
                                                                                                                weight loss; proteinuria




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                                                                           Table 1
                                                                  Activity Hazard Analysis
                                                    PEL/                                                        HEALTH HAZARDS/
  CHEMICAL                                          TLV                             EXPOSURE ROUTES             PHYSICAL HAZARDS
Silica                    NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.05 mg/m3OSHA PEL: Refer          Inhalation, Ingestion
                          to Table Z-3 of 29 CFR 1910.1000                                             Cough, dyspnea (breathing difficulty),
                                                                                                       wheezing; decreased pulmonary function,
                          0.05 mg/m3 TLV for quartz, cristobalite, trydymite
                                                                                                       progressive respiratory symptoms
                                                                                                       (silicosis); irritation eyes; [potential
                                                                                                       occupational carcinogen]


Zinc                      NIOSH REL: Dust: TWA 5 mg/m3 , C 15 mg/m3            Inhalation, Ingestion   Metal fume fever: chills, muscle ache,
                          Fume: TWA 5 mg/m3 , ST 10 mg/m3                                              nausea, fever, dry throat, cough; lassitude
                                                                                                       (weakness, exhaustion); metallic taste;
                          OSHA PEL: TWA 5 mg/m3 (fume), TWA 15 mg/m3
                                                                                                       headache; blurred vision; low back pain;
                          (total dust), TWA 5 mg/m3 (resp dust)
                                                                                                       vomiting; malaise (vague feeling of
                          ACGIH TLV:                                                                   discomfort); chest tightness; dyspnea
                          Fume: 5 mg/m3 TWA, 10 mg/m3 STEL                                             (breathing difficulty), rales, decreased
                          Dust: 10 mg/m3 TWA                                                           pulmonary function]
Nickel                    NIOSH REL*: Ca TWA 0.015 mg/m3 [*Note: The           Inhalation, Ingestion
                          REL does not apply to Nickel carbonyl.]                                      Sensitization dermatitis, allergic asthma,
                          OSHA PEL*: TWA 1 mg/m3 [*Note: The PEL does                                  pneumonitis; [potential occupational
                          not apply to Nickel carbonyl.]                                               carcinogen]
                          ACGIH TLV:
                          1.5 mg/m3 TWA
Manganese                 OSHA PEL: 5 mg/m3                                    Inhalation, Ingestion   Asthenia, insomnia, mental confusion; low-
                                                                                                       back pain; vomiting; malaise (vague feeling
                          ACGIH TLV:
                                                                                                       of discomfort), lassitude (weakness,
                         0.2 mg/m3 TWA                                                                 exhaustion); kidney damage; pneumonitis




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                                                                         Table 1
                                                                Activity Hazard Analysis
                                                 PEL/                                                          HEALTH HAZARDS/
 CHEMICAL                                        TLV                            EXPOSURE ROUTES               PHYSICAL HAZARDS
Copper                 NIOSH REL*: TWA 1 mg/m3 [*Note: The REL also        Inhalation, Ingestion   Irritation eyes, respiratory system; cough,
                       applies to other copper compounds (as Cu) except                            dyspnea (breathing difficulty), wheezing;
                       Copper fume.]                                                               [potential occupational carcinogen]


                       OSHA PEL*: TWA 1 mg/m3 [*Note: The PEL also
                       applies to other copper compounds (as Cu) except
                       copper fume.]
                       ACGIH TLV:
                       Fume: 0.2 mg/m3,
                       Dust: 1 mg/m3




Chromium               NIOSH REL/ ACGIH TLV: TWA 0.5 mg/m3                 Inhalation, Ingestion   Irritation eyes, skin; lung fibrosis
                                                                                                   (histologic)
                       OSHA PEL*: TWA 1 mg/m3 [*Note: The PEL also
                       applies to insoluble chromium salts.]




Barium                NIOSH REL/ OSHA PEL/ ACGIH TLV*: TWA 0.5             Inhalation, Ingestion
                      mg/m3 [*Note: Also applies to other soluble barium                           Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory
                      compounds (as Ba) except Barium sulfate.]                                    system; skin burns; gastroenteritis;
                                                                                                   muscle spasm; slow pulse, extrasystoles;
                                                                                                   hypokalemia



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                                                   Table 2
                                      Guidelines For Work-Rest Periods
                                              Protection Level
                                     Number Of Hours Before Rest Period

Temperature                   Level D                Level C                  Level B              Level A

   90+º F*                        2.0                   1.5                      1.0                  0.5
    87.5º F                       2.5                   2.0                      1.5                  1.0
    82.5º F                       3.0                   2.5                      2.0                  1.5
    77.5º F                       3.5                   3.0                      2.5                  1.5
   72.5º F                        4.0                   3.5                      2.5                  1.5
*Work above 100º F will be reviewed with the Project CIH to determine specific requirements.




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                                                       Table 3
                                        Action Levels for Hearing Protection

         Instrument                            Measurement                          Action

Type I or Type II Sound Level >80 dBA → 85 dBA                    Hearing protection recommended. Limit
Meter or dosimeter                                                work duration to 8-hour shifts.
                                        >85 dBA → 90 dBA          Hearing protection required. Limit work
                                                                  duration to 8-hour shifts.
                                        >90 dBA → 115 dBA         Hearing protection required. Investigate
                                                                  use of engineering controls. Limit work
                                                                  duration to 8 hour shifts.
                                        >115 dBA                  Stop work. Consult Project CIH

  .




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                                                                                  Table 4
                                                         Job Safety Analyses for Site Characterization and Survey
JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS FOR SITE CHARACTERIZATION AND SURVEY
                                                                                                                   Personal Protective
                               Potential                                                                              Clothing and
Task Breakdown                 Hazards                              Critical Safety Practices                          Equipment               Monitoring Devices
Site Survey,                Slips, Trips,            •     Clear walkways and work areas of equipment,
Inspection/Material         Falls                          tools, construction debris, and other materials        Fall Protection. E.g.,
Survey; ACM;                                         •     Mark, identify, or barricade other obstructions        full-body harness and
Dust                                                                                                              lanyard
                                                     •     Use flashlights or other temporary lighting in dark
Characterization;
                                                           areas
Mold Inspection
                                                     •     Wear footwear with soles that grip.
                                                     •     Walk, do not run or rush
                                                     •     Tie-off extension ladders to a secure structure
                                                     •     Use fall protection when working on all unguarded
                                                           elevated walking/working surfaces above 6 feet

                                                 Note: Sampling activities on the roof and on the exterior
                                                 netting require a site inspection and further review of safety
                                                 requirements before they can commence. No activities on
                                                 the roof or on the exterior netting shall take place, unless
                                                 this Site-Specific HASP is amended with a fall protection
                                                 plan and the Project CIH authorizes the work.




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                                                                             Table 4
                                                    Job Safety Analyses for Site Characterization and Survey
JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS FOR SITE CHARACTERIZATION AND SURVEY
                                                                                                             Personal Protective
                              Potential                                                                         Clothing and
Task Breakdown                Hazards                          Critical Safety Practices                         Equipment               Monitoring Devices
                           Struck by            •     Restrict work area entry to authorized personnel      Hard hat, Safety
                           Overhead,                  only                                                  glasses, steel toe work
                           Protruding           •     Wear hard hats, safety glasses with side shields,     boots
                           Objects                    and steel-toe safety boots
                                                •     Avoid moving or handling debris
                                                •     Use flashlights or other temporary lighting in dark
                                                      areas
                           Sharp Objects        •     Wear cut resistant work gloves when the possibility   Leather gloves/cotton
                                                      of lacerations or other injury may be caused by       work gloves
                                                      sharp edges or objects
                                                •     Maintain all hand and power tools in a safe
                                                      condition; ensure all guards are in place.
                           Handling             •     Observe proper lifting techniques
                           Heavy Objects        •     Obey sensible lifting limits (50 lb. maximum per
                                                      person manual lifting)
                                                •     Use team lifting or mechanical lifting equipment
                                                      (hand carts, trucks) to move large, awkward loads
                           Inhalation and       •     Provide workers proper skin, eye and respiratory      Double Tyvek               Dust Monitor
                           Contact with               protection based on the exposure hazards present      coveralls, nitrile
                           Hazardous            •     Review hazardous properties of site contaminants      gloves, latex boots,
                           Substances                 with workers before operations begin                  full-face APR
                                                •     Monitor breathing zone to determine levels of         respirator
                                                      exposure




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                                                                             Table 4
                                                    Job Safety Analyses for Site Characterization and Survey
JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS FOR SITE CHARACTERIZATION AND SURVEY
                                                                                                               Personal Protective
                              Potential                                                                           Clothing and
Task Breakdown                Hazards                          Critical Safety Practices                           Equipment             Monitoring Devices
                           Fire/                •     Eliminate sources of ignition from the work area
                           Explosion            •     Prohibit smoking
                                                •     Store combustible materials away from flammables
                           Electrical           •     De-energize or shut off utility lines at their source   Lockout-Tagout          Voltage Meter or “Tic”
                           Shock                      before work begins if work is near live electrical      Devices                 Tracer
                                                      circuits
                                                •     Use double insulated or properly grounded electric
                                                      power-operated tools
                                                •     Maintain tools in a safe condition
                                                •     Inspect all electrical power circuits prior to
                                                      commencing work
                                                •     Provide an equipment-grounding conductor
                                                      program or employ ground-fault circuit interrupters
                                                •     Inspect all extension cords daily for structural
                                                      integrity, ground continuity, and damaged
                                                      insulation
                                                •     Cover or elevate electric wire or flexible cord
                                                      passing through work areas to protect from damage
                                                •     Keep all plugs and receptacles out of water
                                                •     Use approved water-proof, weather-proof type if
                                                      exposure to moisture is likely
                                                •     Follow Lockout-Tagout procedures in accordance
                                                      with Berger Health and Safety Procedures




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                                                                              Table 4
                                                     Job Safety Analyses for Site Characterization and Survey
JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS FOR SITE CHARACTERIZATION AND SURVEY
                                                                                                               Personal Protective
                               Potential                                                                          Clothing and
Task Breakdown                 Hazards                         Critical Safety Practices                           Equipment                Monitoring Devices
                            Heat Stress          •     Monitor for Heat stress in accordance with Berger                                 Pulse monitor; electronic
                                                       Health and Safety Procedures                                                      thermometer
                                                 •     Provide fluids to prevent worker dehydration
                                                 •     Follow work/rest schedule in Section 3 of the Site-
                                                       Specific HASP
Equipment                   Slips, Trips,        •     Clear walkways, work areas of equipment, tools
Decontamination             Falls                      and debris
                                                 •     Wear footwear with soles that grip
                            Inhalation and       •     Provide workers proper skin, eye and respiratory        Tyvek coveralls, hard
                            Contact with               protection based on the exposure hazards present       hat safety glasses/
                            Hazardous            •     Review hazardous properties of site contaminants       goggles, nitrile gloves,
                            Substances, &              with workers before operations begin                   latex boots
                            Splashes             •     Wear hard hats, safety glasses with side shields, or
                                                       goggles with splash shields and steel-toe safety
                                                       boots
                            Sharp Objects        •     Wear cut resistant work gloves when the possibility    Leather gloves
                                                       of lacerations or other injury may be caused by
                                                       sharp edges or objects




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                                                        Table 5
                                             Anticipated Protection Levels
                           Initial  Upgrade/
                                                                        Respiratory
         Task               PPE    Downgrade          Skin Protection                         Other PPE
                                                                        Protection
                           Level   PPE Level
 Site Survey;             Level C Level D+            Double Tyvek      Full-face air   Hard-hat, Steel-toe
 collection of                                       coveralls          purifying       work boots, safety
 bulk, wipe, and                                                        respirator      eyewear (safety glasses
 other samples;                                                                         with side shields),
 mold inspection                                                                        leather work gloves,
                                                                                        and hearing protection
                                                                                        >85 dBA
 Equipment       Level                 —              Tyvek coveralls   None            Hard-hat, Steel-toe
 Decontamination D+                                                                     work boots, safety
                                                                                        eyewear (safety glasses
                                                                                        with side shields), face
                                                                                        shield, leather work
                                                                                        gloves, and hearing
                                                                                        protection >85 dBA
 General Support          Level D —                  None               None            Hard-hat, Steel-toe
 Zone Activities                                                                        work boots, leather
                                                                                        work gloves, and
                                                                                        Safety glasses with
                                                                                        side shields




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                                                      Table 6
                                             Air Monitoring Information

 Monitoring             Monitoring             Monitoring
  Device             Location/ Personnel       Frequency        Action Level                  Action
                                                                      3
 MIE                Sampling/ Inspection      Beginning of <2.5 mg/m                 Level C
 DataRAM            Personnel                 each new task ≥2.5 mg/m3               Stop Work; Consult
                                                                                     Project CIH


     •    Sustained levels in the breathing zone for 5 minutes




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                                                    Table 7
                                             Worker Medical Profile

                                  Item                         Initial               Annual
      Medical History                                            X                      X
      Work History                                               X                      X
      Visual Acuity and Tonometry                                X                      X
      Pulmonary Function Tests                                   X                      X
      Physical Examination                                       X                      X
      Audiometry Tests                                           X                      X
      Chest X-Ray                                                X                      X
      Complete Blood Counts                                      X                      X
      Blood Chem. (SSAC-23 or equivalent)                        X                      X
      Urinalysis                                                 X                      X
      Dermatology Examination                                    X                      X
      Electrocardiogram (Stress Test) - based on age             X              X (based on age)




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                                             FIGURES




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                                             APPENDIX A
     • HEALTH AND SAFETY PLAN CERTIFICATION




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                          HEALTH AND SAFETY PLAN CERTIFICATION
         By signing this document, I am stating that I have read and understand the site health-and-safety
plan for Berger personnel, subcontractors, and visitors entering the Site.

       REPRESENTING                          NAME (PRINT)             SIGNATURE                 DATE




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                                             APPENDIX B
     • HEALTH AND SAFETY PLAN AMENDMENT
       DOCUMENTATION FORM




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                                  SITE SPECIFIC HEALTH AND SAFETY PLAN
                                       AMENDMENT DOCUMENTATION


 Project Name:                                      Project No.:

 Amendment No.:                                     Date:

 Amendment Revises: Page:                           Section:

 Task(s) Amendment Affects:*



*(Attach new/revised Job Safety Analyses)


 Reason For Amendment:




 Amendment: (Attach separate sheet(s) as necessary)




 Completed by:                                      Approved by:


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                                                    APPENDIX C
     • BERGER HAZARD COMMUNICATION PROGRAM




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LIST OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS

     The following is a list of hazardous chemicals that may be present on this Berger job site. Further
     information on each hazardous chemical listed below (or chemical group representative) can be found
     in the MSDSs, which are attached as Appendix D.

                                Typical Job-Site Hazardous Chemical Inventory List
 Available on Site                 Chemicals
        X                          Acetone
                                   Acetylene
                                   Activated Charcoal, Powder
                                   Alum (Aluminum Sulfate)
                                   Anti-fog Bausch & Lomb
                                   Argon/Methane (95%/5%)
                                   Brake Fluid
                                   Calcium Hydroxide (Hydrated Lime)
                                   Calibration Check Gas
                                   Carbon
                                   Caustic Soda (Sodium Hydroxide)
                                   Citrikleen
                                   Coal Fly Ash
                                   Compressed Air
                                   Diatomaceous Earth
                                   Diesel Fuel
                                   Dry Ice (Solid Carbon Dioxide)
                                   Ethylene Glycol
                                   Ferric Chloride
                                   Freon
                                   Gear Grease – Delta
                                   Helium
            X                      Hexane
                                   Hydraulic Fluid
                                   Hydrochloric Acid
                                   Hydrogen
                                   Isobutylene
                                   Kiln Dust
                                   Methanol
                                   Nitrogen
                                   Nitrous Oxide
                                   Oxygen


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                                Typical Job-Site Hazardous Chemical Inventory List
 Available on Site                 Chemicals
                                   Pentane
                                   Pentane
                                   Polymers (Flocculants)
                                   Premium Unleaded Gasoline
                                   PVC Solvent Cleaner
                                   PVC Cement
                                   Regular Leaded Gasoline
                                   Starting Fluid
                                   Stoddard Solvent
                                   Sulfuric Acid
                                   10W-40 Motor Oil - Shell
                                   Tube Grease - Kendall
                                   TU Type 555 Thread Sealing Compound
                                   2-Cycle Oil - Wolf's Head

                                      Site-Specific Hazardous Chemical Inventory

 COPCs: Asbestos, Silica, PAHs, Dioxins, PCBs, Barium, Beryllium, Cadmium, Chromium,
 Copper, Lead, Manganese, Nickel, Zinc, Mercury




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                                             APPENDIX D
     • MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS




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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards                                                                                                Page 1 of 1


                   NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
                                                                                                               CAS 1332-21-4
 Asbestos
 Hydrated mineral silicates                                                                                    RTECS CI6475000

 Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                                        DOT ID & Guide
                                                                                                               2212 171 (blue, brown)
 Actinolite, Actinolite asbestos, Amosite (cummingtonite-grunerite),                                           2590 171 (white)
 Anthophyllite, Anthophyllite asbestos, Chrysotile, Crocidolite (Riebeckite),
 Tremolite, Tremolite asbestos

 Exposure                             NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A See Appendix C

 Limits                               OSHA PEL: [1910.1001] [1910.1101] See Appendix C

 IDLH Ca [N.D.] See: IDLH INDEX                                            Conversion

 Physical Description
 White or greenish (chrysotile), blue (crocidolite), or gray-green (amosite) fibrous, odorless solids.
 MW: Varies                           BP: Decomposes                       MLT: 1112°F (Decomposes)            Sol: Insoluble
 VP: 0 mmHg (approx)                  IP: NA                                                                   Sp.Gr: ?
 Fl.P: NA                             UEL: NA                              LEL: NA
 Noncombustible Solids
 Incompatibilities & Reactivities
 None reported

 Measurement Methods
 NIOSH 7400, 7402; OSHA ID160, ID191
 See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

 Personal Protection & Sanitation                                          First Aid (See procedures)
 Skin: Prevent skin contact                                                Eye: Irrigate immediately
 Eyes: Prevent eye contact
 Wash skin: Daily                                                          Breathing: Fresh air
 Remove: No recommendation
 Change: Daily

 Important additional information about respirator selection
 Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
 At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF = 10,000) Any self-
 contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF =
 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in
 combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
 Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, self-
 contained breathing apparatus
 Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
 Symptoms Asbestosis (chronic exposure): dyspnea (breathing difficulty), interstitial fibrosis, restricted pulmonary function, finger clubbing;
 irritation eyes; [potential occupational carcinogen]
 Target Organs respiratory system, eyes

 Cancer Site [lung cancer]

 See also: INTRODUCTION See MEDICAL TESTS: 0019


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Specific Medical Tests Published in the Literature for OSHA Regulated Substances                                      Page 1 of 1



                                                      SPECIFIC MEDICAL TESTS PUBLISHED IN THE
                                                                    LITERATURE
                                                         FOR OSHA REGULATED SUBSTANCES




                                                                                  Asbestos
                                                                                  CAS No: Varies
NOTE:
(1) Efficacy of Medical Tests has not been evaluated.
(2) NIOSH references include diagnostic, screening, and other tests.
(3) OSHA mandated medical tests, if any, are provided in BOLD and listed first.
   EDITOR(S) / AUTHOR(S)                          SPECIFIC MEDICAL TEST(S)                            REFERENCE(S)


 US DOL OSHA                        Chest X-ray                                             Code of Federal Regulations. 29 CFR
                                    Page 29                                                 Part 1910 -- Occupational Safety and
                                                                                            Health Standards. Part 1910.1001. US
                                                                                            GPO. July 1, 2000. Pages 19-72.


 US DOL OSHA                        Pulmonary Function Tests including:                     Code of Federal Regulations. 29 CFR
                                                                                            Part 1910 -- Occupational Safety and
                                                                                            Health Standards. Part 1910.1001. US
                                        l   Forced Vital Capacity (FVC)                     GPO. July 1, 2000. Pages 19-72.
                                        l   Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second (FEV1)
                                            Page 29


 US DHHS NIOSH and US DOL           Chest X-ray                                             NIOSH/OSHA Occupational Health
 OSHA                                                                                       Guidelines for Chemical Hazards.
                                                                                            DHHS (NIOSH) Pub Nos. 88-118,
                                                                                            1988.


 US DHHS NIOSH and US DOL           Pulmonary Function Tests including:                     NIOSH/OSHA Occupational Health
 OSHA                                                                                       Guidelines for Chemical Hazards.
                                                                                            DHHS (NIOSH) Pub Nos. 88-118,
                                        l   Forced Vital Capacity (FVC)                     1988.
                                        l   Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second (FEV1)
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards                                                                                             Page 1 of 1



                  NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
                                                                                                             CAS 14808-60-7
 Silica, crystalline (as respirable dust)
 SiO2                                                                                                        RTECS VV7330000

 Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                                      DOT ID & Guide
 Cristobalite, Quartz, Tridymite, Tripoli
                                     NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.05 mg/m3 See Appendix A

 Exposure                            OSHA PEL: Crystalline Quartz (respirable): TWA 250 mppcf/(%SiO2 +5); TWA 10 mg/m 3/(%SiO2 + 2)
                                     Quartz (total dust): TWA 30 mg/m 3/(%SiO2 + 2)
 Limits                              Cristobalite: Use ½ the value calculated from the count or mass formulae for quartz.
                                     Tridymite: Use ½ the value calculated from the formulae for quartz.

 IDLH Ca [25 mg/m3 (cristobalite, tridymite); 50 mg/m3 (quartz, tripoli) Conversion
 See: 14808607

 Physical Description
 Colorless, odorless solid. [Note: A component of many mineral dusts.]
 MW: 60.1                            BP: 4046°F                          MLT: 3110°F                         Sol: Insoluble
 VP: 0 mmHg (approx)                 IP: NA                                                                  Sp.Gr: 2.66
 Fl.P: NA                            UEL: NA                             LEL: NA
 Noncombustible Solid
 Incompatibilities & Reactivities
 Powerful oxidizers: fluorine, chlorine trifluoride, manganese trioxide, oxygen difluoride, hydrogen peroxide, etc.; acetylene; ammonia

 Measurement Methods
 NIOSH 7500, 7601, 7602; OSHA ID142
 See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

 Personal Protection & Sanitation                                        First Aid (See procedures)
 Skin: No recommendation                                                 Eye: Irrigate immediately
 Eyes: No recommendation
 Wash skin: No recommendation                                            Breathing: Fresh air
 Remove: No recommendation
 Change: No recommendation

 Important additional information about respirator selection
 Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
 Up to 0.5 mg/m3: (APF = 10 ) Any air-purifying respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter
 Up to 1.25 mg/m3: (APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 25) Any supplied-air
 respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
 Up to 2.5 mg/m3: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-
 purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency particulate filter
 Up to 25 mg/m3: (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
 Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-
 contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
 Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, self-
 contained breathing apparatus
 Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
 Symptoms Cough, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), wheezing; decreased pulmonary function, progressive respiratory symptoms (silicosis);
 irritation eyes; [potential occupational carcinogen]
 Target Organs Eyes, respiratory system

 Cancer Site [in animals: lung cancer]

 See also: INTRODUCTION See ICSC CARD: 0808


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International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                                    Page 1 of 2




                        International Chemical Safety Cards
QUARTZ                                                                                                                                             ICSC: 0808




                                                        Crystalline silica, quartz
                                                    Crystalline silicon dioxide, quartz
                                                             Silicic anhydride
                                                                    SiO2
                                                          Molecular mass: 60.1
 ICSC # 0808
 CAS # 14808-60-7
 RTECS # VV7330000
   TYPES OF
                              ACUTE HAZARDS/                                                                                    FIRST AID/
    HAZARD/                                                                    PREVENTION
                                SYMPTOMS                                                                                      FIRE FIGHTING
   EXPOSURE
                        Not combustible.                                                                             In case of fire in the surroundings: all
        FIRE                                                                                                         extinguishing agents allowed.
  EXPLOSION
                                                                    PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!
   EXPOSURE
                        Cough.                                      Local exhaust or breathing protection.
 •INHALATION

 •SKIN
                                                                    Safety goggles, or eye protection in
 •EYES                                                              combination with breathing
                                                                    protection.
 •INGESTION

        SPILLAGE DISPOSAL                                           STORAGE                                      PACKAGING & LABELLING
 Sweep spilled substance into containers; if
 appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting.                                                             R:
 Wash away remainder with plenty of water.                                                                  S:
 (Extra personal protection: P3 filter
 respirator for toxic particles).
                                             SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
                                            Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the
 ICSC: 0808                                 European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the
                                            OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.



                        International Chemical Safety Cards
International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                Page 2 of 2




QUARTZ                                                                                                                         ICSC: 0808

           I            PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:                                ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
                        COLOURLESS, WHITE OR VARIABLE BLACK,                       The substance can be absorbed into the body by
          M             PURPLE, GREEN CRYSTALS                                     inhalation.

           P            PHYSICAL DANGERS:                                          INHALATION RISK:
                                                                                   Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful
          O                                                                        concentration of airborne particles can, however, be
                        CHEMICAL DANGERS:                                          reached quickly when dispersed.
           R            Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion
                        hazard.                                                    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
           T
                        OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
           A            TLV: 0.1 mg/m3 (respirable dust) (ACGIH 1997).             EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED
                        MAK: 0.15 mg/m3; (1996)                                    EXPOSURE:
           N                                                                       The substance may have effects on the lungs , resulting
                        OSHA PEL: Crystalline Quartz (respirable): TWA 250
                                                                                   in fibrosis (silicosis). This substance is carcinogenic to
           T            mppcf/(%SiO2 +5); TWA 10 mg/m3/(%SiO2 + 2)                 humans.
                        NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.05 mg/m3 See Appendix A
                        NIOSH IDLH: Potential occupational carcinogen 25
           D            mg/m3 (cristobalite, tridymite); 50 mg/m3 (quartz,
                        tripoli)
           A

           T

           A
     PHYSICAL           Boiling point: 2230°C                                      Relative density (water = 1): 2.6
    PROPERTIES          Melting point: 1610°C                                      Solubility in water: none
 ENVIRONMENTAL
      DATA
                                                                NOTES
 Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. CSQZ, DQ 12, Min-U-Sil, Sil-Co-Sil, Snowit, Sykron
 F300, Sykron F600 are trade names.

                                                   ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


 ICSC: 0808                                                                                                                     QUARTZ
                                                             (C) IPCS, CEC, 1994


                    Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible
                    for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review
  IMPORTANT
                    Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject.
     LEGAL
                    The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only
    NOTICE:
                    modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH
                    values.
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards                                                                                               Page 1 of 1




                   NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
                                                                                                              CAS 91-20-3
 Naphthalene
 C10H8                                                                                                        RTECS QJ0525000

 Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                                       DOT ID & Guide
                                                                                                              1334 133 (crude or refined)
 Naphthalin, Tar camphor, White tar                                                                           2304 133 (molten)

                                      NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (50 mg/m 3) ST 15 ppm (75 mg/m 3)
 Exposure
 Limits                               OSHA PEL†: TWA 10 ppm (50 mg/m3)

 IDLH 250 ppm See: 91203                                                  Conversion 1 ppm = 5.24 mg/m3

 Physical Description
 Colorless to brown solid with an odor of mothballs. [Note: Shipped as a molten solid.]
 MW: 128.2                            BP: 424°F                           MLT: 176°F                          Sol: 0.003%
 VP: 0.08 mmHg                        IP: 8.12 eV                                                             Sp.Gr: 1.15
 Fl.P: 174°F                          UEL: 5.9%                           LEL: 0.9%
 Combustible Solid, but will take some effort to ignite.
 Incompatibilities & Reactivities
 Strong oxidizers, chromic anhydride

 Measurement Methods
 NIOSH 1501; OSHA 35
 See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

 Personal Protection & Sanitation                                         First Aid (See procedures)
 Skin: Prevent skin contact                                               Eye: Irrigate immediately
 Eyes: Prevent eye contact                                                Skin: Molten flush immediately/solid-liquid soap wash promptly
 Wash skin: When contaminated                                             Breathing: Respiratory support
 Remove: When wet or contaminated                                         Swallow: Medical attention immediately
 Change: Daily

 Important additional information about respirator selection
 Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA
 Up to 100 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a dust and mist filter*/(APF
 = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
 Up to 250 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator
 with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-
 purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s) in combination with a dust and mist filter*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
 apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
 Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-
 contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
 Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
 having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
 Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
 Symptoms Irritation eyes; headache, confusion, excitement, malaise (vague feeling of discomfort); nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain;
 irritation bladder; profuse sweating; jaundice; hematuria (blood in the urine), renal shutdown; dermatitis, optical neuritis, corneal damage
 Target Organs Eyes, skin, blood, liver, kidneys, central nervous system

 See also: INTRODUCTION See ICSC CARD: 0667 See MEDICAL TESTS: 0152


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International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                                  Page 1 of 2




                       International Chemical Safety Cards
NAPHTHALENE                                                                                                                                      ICSC: 0667




                                                               Naphthene
                                                                 C10H8
                                                          Molecular mass: 128.18
 ICSC # 0667
 CAS # 91-20-3
 RTECS # QJ0525000
 UN #    1334 (solid); 2304 (molten)
   TYPES OF
                            ACUTE HAZARDS/                                                                                    FIRST AID/
    HAZARD/                                                                  PREVENTION
                              SYMPTOMS                                                                                      FIRE FIGHTING
   EXPOSURE
                       Combustible.                               NO open flames.                                  Powder, water spray, foam, carbon
       FIRE                                                                                                        dioxide.
                       Above 79°C explosive vapour/air            Prevent deposition of dust; closed
                       mixtures may be formed. Finely             system, dust explosion-proof
  EXPLOSION            dispersed particles form explosive         electrical equipment and lighting.
                       mixtures in air.
                                                                  PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!
   EXPOSURE
                       Headache. Confusion. Nausea.               Ventilation (not if powder), local               Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical
 •INHALATION           Vomiting. Sweating. Jaundice. Dark         exhaust, or breathing protection.                attention.
                       urine.
                                                                  Protective gloves.                               Rinse skin with plenty of water or
 •SKIN
                                                                                                                   shower.
                                                                  Safety spectacles.                               First rinse with plenty of water for
                                                                                                                   several minutes (remove contact
 •EYES
                                                                                                                   lenses if easily possible), then take to
                                                                                                                   a doctor.
                       Dizziness. Abdominal pain.                 Do not eat, drink, or smoke during               Rest. Refer for medical attention.
                       Diarrhoea. Convulsions.                    work. Wash hands before eating.
 •INGESTION
                       Unconsciousness. (Further see
                       Inhalation).

        SPILLAGE DISPOSAL                                         STORAGE                                    PACKAGING & LABELLING
 Sweep spilled substance into containers; if    Separated from strong oxidants, food and                  Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
 appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. feedstuffs .                                              Marine pollutant.
 Carefully collect remainder, then remove to                                                              R:
 safe place. (Extra personal protection: filter                                                           S:
 respirator for organic gases and vapours).                                                               UN Hazard Class: 4.1
                                                                                                          UN Packing Group: III
                                           SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
                                          Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the
 ICSC: 0667                               European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the
                                          OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                               Page 2 of 2




                      International Chemical Safety Cards
NAPHTHALENE                                                                                                                   ICSC: 0667

           I            PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:                                ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
                        WHITE SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS , WITH                        The substance can be absorbed into the body by
          M             CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.                                      inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

           P            PHYSICAL DANGERS:                                          INHALATION RISK:
                        Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form,     A harmful contamination of the air will be reached
          O             mixed with air.                                            rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.
                                                                                   See Notes.
          R             CHEMICAL DANGERS:
                        On combustion, forms irritating and toxic gases. Reacts EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
          T             with strong oxidants .                                  The substance may cause effects on the blood , resulting
                                                                                in lesions of blood cells (haemolysis) . See Notes. The
          A             OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:                           effects may be delayed. Exposure by ingestion may
                        TLV: 10 ppm; 50 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1999).                     result in death. Medical observation is indicated.
          N
                        MAK: 50 mg/m3; (1999)
                                                                                   EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED
          T             10 ppm; 50 mg/m3 EC OELs
                                                                                   EXPOSURE:
                        OSHA PEL: TWA 10 ppm (50 mg/m3)                            The substance may have effects on the blood , resulting
                        NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (50 mg/m3) ST 15 ppm (75             in chronic haemolytic anaemia. The substance may have
          D             mg/m3)                                                     effects on the eyes , resulting in the development of
                        NIOSH IDLH: 250 ppm                                        cataract.
          A

          T

          A
                        Boiling point: 218°C                                       Vapour pressure, Pa at 25°C: 11
                        Melting point: 80°C                                        Relative vapour density (air = 1): 4.42
     PHYSICAL           Density: 1.16                                              Flash point: 79°C
    PROPERTIES          g/cm3                                                      Auto-ignition temperature: 567°C
                        Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 25°C:                     Explosive limits, vol% in air: 0.9-5.9
                        none                                                       Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.3
                       The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.
 ENVIRONMENTAL
      DATA

                                                                 NOTES
 Some individuals may be more sensitive to the effect of naphthalene on blood cells.
                                                                     Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-41G10 (solid); 41G11 (molten)
                                                                                                           NFPA Code: H2; F2; R0;

                                                   ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


 ICSC: 0667                                                                                                          NAPHTHALENE
                                                             (C) IPCS, CEC, 1994


                    Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible
                    for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review
  IMPORTANT
                    Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject.
     LEGAL
                    The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only
    NOTICE:
                    modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH
                    values.
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards                                                                                              Page 1 of 1




                  NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
                                                                                                              CAS 1746-01-6
 2,3,7,8-Tetrachloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin
 C12H4Cl4O2                                                                                                   RTECS HP3500000

 Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                                       DOT ID & Guide
 Dioxin; Dioxine; TCDBD; TCDD; 2,3,7,8-TCDD [Note: Formed during past
 production of 2,4,5-trichlorophenol, 2,4,5-T & 2(2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy)
 propionic acid.]

 Exposure                            NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A

 Limits                              OSHA PEL: none

 IDLH Ca [N.D.] See: IDLH INDEX                                           Conversion

 Physical Description
 Colorless to white, crystalline solid. [Note: Exposure may occur through contact at previously contaminated worksites.]
 MW: 322.0                           BP: Decomposes                      MLT: 581°F                           Sol: 0.00000002%
 VP(77°F): 0.000002 mmHg             IP: ?                                                                    Sp.Gr: ?
 Fl.P: ?                             UEL: ?                              LEL: ?

 Incompatibilities & Reactivities
 UV light (decomposes)

 Measurement Methods
 None available
 See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

 Personal Protection & Sanitation                                        First Aid (See procedures)
 Skin: Prevent skin contact                                              Eye: Irrigate immediately
 Eyes: Prevent eye contact                                               Skin: Soap flush immediately
 Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily                                      Breathing: Respiratory support
 Remove: When wet or contaminated                                        Swallow: Medical attention immediately
 Change: Daily
 Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench
 Important additional information about respirator selection
 Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
 At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF = 10,000) Any self-
 contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF =
 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in
 combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
 Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
 having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
 Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
 Symptoms Irritation eyes; allergic dermatitis, chloracne; porphyria; gastrointestinal disturbance; possible reproductive, teratogenic effects;
 in animals: liver, kidney damage; hemorrhage; [potential occupational carcinogen]
 Target Organs Eyes, skin, liver, kidneys, reproductive system

 Cancer Site [in animals: tumors at many sites]

 See also: INTRODUCTION


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NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards                                                                                             Page 1 of 1




                  NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
                                                                                                               CAS 11097-69-1
 Chlorodiphenyl (54% chlorine)
 C6H3Cl2C6H2Cl3 (approx)                                                                                       RTECS TQ1360000

 Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                                        DOT ID & Guide
                                                                                                               2315 171
 Aroclor® 1254, PCB, Polychlorinated biphenyl

                                     NIOSH REL*: Ca TWA 0.001 mg/m3 See Appendix A [*Note: The REL also applies to other PCBs.]
 Exposure
 Limits                              OSHA PEL: TWA 0.5 mg/m 3 [skin]

 IDLH Ca [5 mg/m3] See: IDLH INDEX                                           Conversion

 Physical Description
 Colorless to pale-yellow, viscous liquid or solid (below 50°F) with a mild, hydrocarbon odor.
 MW: 326 (approx)                    BP: 689-734°F                           FRZ: 50°F                         Sol: Insoluble
 VP: 0.00006 mmHg                    IP: ?                                                                     Sp.Gr(77°F): 1.38
 Fl.P: NA                            UEL: NA                                 LEL: NA
 Nonflammable Liquid, but exposure in a fire results in the formation of a black soot containing PCBs, polychlorinated dibenzofurans, and
 chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins.
 Incompatibilities & Reactivities
 Strong oxidizers

 Measurement Methods
 NIOSH 5503; OSHA PV2088
 See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

 Personal Protection & Sanitation                                            First Aid (See procedures)
 Skin: Prevent skin contact                                                  Eye: Irrigate immediately
 Eyes: Prevent eye contact                                                   Skin: Soap wash immediately
 Wash skin: When contaminated                                                Breathing: Respiratory support
 Remove: When wet or contaminated                                            Swallow: Medical attention immediately
 Change: Daily
 Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench
 Important additional information about respirator selection
 Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
 At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF = 10,000) Any self-
 contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF =
 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in
 combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
 Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
 having a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
 Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
 Symptoms Irritation eyes, chloracne; liver damage; reproductive effects; [potential occupational carcinogen]
 Target Organs Skin, eyes, liver, reproductive system

 Cancer Site [in animals: tumors of the pituitary gland & liver, leukemia]

 See also: INTRODUCTION See ICSC CARD: 0939 See MEDICAL TESTS: 0176


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International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                                  Page 1 of 2




                      International Chemical Safety Cards
POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL (AROCLOR 1254)                                                                                                          ICSC: 0939




                                                    Chlorobiphenyl (54% chlorine)
                                                    Chlorodiphenyl (54% chlorine)
                                                                PCB
                                                    Molecular mass: 327 (average)
 ICSC # 0939
 CAS # 11097-69-1
 RTECS # TQ1360000
 UN #    2315
 EC #    602-039-00-4
   TYPES OF
                            ACUTE HAZARDS/                                                                                    FIRST AID/
    HAZARD/                                                                  PREVENTION
                              SYMPTOMS                                                                                      FIRE FIGHTING
   EXPOSURE
                      Not combustible. Gives off irritating                                                        Powder, carbon dioxide.
       FIRE           or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
  EXPLOSION
                                                                  PREVENT GENERATION OF
   EXPOSURE                                                       MISTS! STRICT HYGIENE!
                                                                  Ventilation.                                     Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical
 •INHALATION
                                                                                                                   attention.
                      MAY BE ABSORBED! Dry skin.                  Protective gloves. Protective clothing. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse
 •SKIN                Redness.                                                                            and then wash skin with water and
                                                                                                          soap. Refer for medical attention.
                                                                  Safety goggles, face shield.                     First rinse with plenty of water for
                                                                                                                   several minutes (remove contact
 •EYES
                                                                                                                   lenses if easily possible), then take to
                                                                                                                   a doctor.
                      Headache. Numbness.                         Do not eat, drink, or smoke during               Rest. Refer for medical attention.
 •INGESTION
                                                                  work.

        SPILLAGE DISPOSAL                                         STORAGE                                    PACKAGING & LABELLING
 Consult an expert! Collect leaking liquid in Separated from food and feedstuffs. Cool.                   Unbreakable packaging; put breakable
 sealable containers. Absorb remaining liquid Dry. Keep in a well-ventilated room.                        packaging into closed unbreakable container.
 in sand or inert absorbent and remove to safe                                                            Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
 place. Do NOT let this chemical enter the                                                                Severe marine pollutant.
 environment. (Extra personal protection:                                                                 Note: C
 complete protective clothing including self-                                                             Xn symbol
 contained breathing apparatus).                                                                          R: 33-50/53
                                                                                                          S: 2-35-60-61
                                                                                                          UN Hazard Class: 9
                                                                                                          UN Packing Group: II
                                           SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
                                          Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the
 ICSC: 0939                               European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the
                                          OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                Page 2 of 2




                       International Chemical Safety Cards
POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL (AROCLOR 1254)                                                                                         ICSC: 0939

           I             PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:                                ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
                         LIGHT YELLOW VISCOUS LIQUID.                               The substance can be absorbed into the body by
           M                                                                        inhalation of its aerosol, through the skin and by
                         PHYSICAL DANGERS:                                          ingestion.
           P
                                                                                 INHALATION RISK:
           O             CHEMICAL DANGERS:                                       A harmful contamination of the air will be reached
                         The substance decomposes in a fire producing irritating rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.
           R             and toxic gases.
                                                                                 EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
           T             OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
                         TLV: ppm; 0.5 mg/m3 A3 (skin) (ACGIH 1999).
           A                                                                     EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED
                         OSHA PEL: TWA 0.5 mg/m3 skin
                                                            3 See Appendix A     EXPOSURE:
           N             NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 0.001 mg/m                            Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause
                         *Note: The REL also applies to other PCBs.              dermatitis. Chloracne is the most visible effect. The
           T             NIOSH IDLH: Potential occupational carcinogen 5         substance may have effects on the liver. Animal tests
                         mg/m  3
                                                                                 show that this substance possibly causes toxic effects
                                                                                 upon human reproduction.
           D

           A

           T

           A
                         Relative density (water = 1): 1.5                          Vapour pressure, Pa at 25°C: 0.01
     PHYSICAL
                         Solubility in water: none                                  Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 6.30
    PROPERTIES
                                                                                    (estimated)
               In the food chain important to humans, bioaccumulation takes place, specifically in water organisms.
 ENVIRONMENTAL
               It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment.
      DATA

                                                                 NOTES
 Changes into a resinous state (pour point) at 10°C. Distillation range: 365°-390°C.
                                                                                                   Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-914

                                                     ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


 ICSC: 0939                                                         POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL (AROCLOR 1254)
                                                              (C) IPCS, CEC, 1994


                     Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible
                     for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review
  IMPORTANT
                     Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject.
     LEGAL
                     The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only
    NOTICE:
                     modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH
                     values.
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards                                                                                             Page 1 of 1




                  NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
                                                                                                             CAS 10361-37-2
 Barium chloride (as Ba)
 BaCl2                                                                                                       RTECS CQ8750000

 Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                                      DOT ID & Guide
                                                                                                             1564 154 (barium compounds,
 Barium dichloride                                                                                           n.o.s.)

                                     NIOSH REL*: TWA 0.5 mg/m3 [*Note: The REL also applies to other soluble barium compounds (as Ba)
 Exposure                            except Barium sulfate.]

 Limits                              OSHA PEL*: TWA 0.5 mg/m3 [*Note: The PEL also applies to other soluble barium compounds (as Ba)
                                     except Barium sulfate.]

 IDLH 50 mg/m3 (as Ba) See: IDLH INDEX                                   Conversion

 Physical Description
 White, odorless solid.
 MW: 208.2                           BP: 2840°F                          MLT: 1765°F                         Sol: 38%
 VP: Low                             IP: ?                                                                   Sp.Gr: 3.86
 Fl.P: NA                            UEL: NA                             LEL: NA
 Noncombustible Solid
 Incompatibilities & Reactivities
 Acids, oxidizers

 Measurement Methods
 NIOSH 7056; OSHA ID121
 See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

 Personal Protection & Sanitation                                        First Aid (See procedures)
 Skin: Prevent skin contact                                              Eye: Irrigate immediately
 Eyes: Prevent eye contact                                               Skin: Water flush immediately
 Wash skin: When contaminated                                            Breathing: Respiratory support
 Remove: When wet or contaminated                                        Swallow: Medical attention immediately
 Change: Daily

 Important additional information about respirator selection
 Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA
 Up to 5 mg/m3: (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air
 respirator
 Up to 12.5 mg/m3: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying
 respirator with a dust and mist filter
 Up to 25 mg/m3: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air
 respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a
 tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF =
 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
 Up to 50 mg/m3: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-
 pressure mode
 Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-
 contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
 Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, self-
 contained breathing apparatus
 Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
 Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; skin burns; gastroenteritis; muscle spasm; slow pulse, extrasystoles; hypokalemia
 Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, heart, central nervous system

 See also: INTRODUCTION See ICSC CARD: 0614 See MEDICAL TESTS: 0021

                                     NIOSH Home | NIOSH Search | Site Index | Topic List | Contact Us
International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                                  Page 1 of 2




                      International Chemical Safety Cards
BARIUM CHLORIDE                                                                                                                                  ICSC: 0614




                                                                  BaCl2
                                                          Molecular mass: 208.27
 ICSC # 0614
 CAS # 10361-37-2
 RTECS # CQ8750000
 UN #    1564
 EC #    056-004-00-8
   TYPES OF
                            ACUTE HAZARDS/                                                                                    FIRST AID/
    HAZARD/                                                                  PREVENTION
                              SYMPTOMS                                                                                      FIRE FIGHTING
   EXPOSURE
                      Not combustible. Gives off irritating                                                        In case of fire in the surroundings: all
       FIRE           or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.                                                         extinguishing agents allowed.
  EXPLOSION
                                                                  PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!
   EXPOSURE                                                       STRICT HYGIENE!
                      Cough. Sore throat. (See Ingestion).        Ventilation (not if powder), local               Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if
 •INHALATION                                                      exhaust, or breathing protection.                indicated. Refer for medical attention.

                      Redness. Pain.                              Protective gloves.                               Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse
 •SKIN
                                                                                                                   skin with plenty of water or shower.
                      Redness. Pain.                              Safety spectacles, or eye protection in First rinse with plenty of water for
                                                                  combination with breathing              several minutes (remove contact
 •EYES
                                                                  protection.                             lenses if easily possible), then take to
                                                                                                          a doctor.
                      Abdominal cramps. Convulsions.              Do not eat, drink, or smoke during               Induce vomiting (ONLY IN
 •INGESTION           Dullness. Unconsciousness.                  work. Wash hands before eating.                  CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Rest.
                      Vomiting.                                                                                    Refer for medical attention.

        SPILLAGE DISPOSAL                                         STORAGE                                    PACKAGING & LABELLING
 Sweep spilled substance into sealable         Separated from food and feedstuffs.                        Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
 containers; if appropriate, moisten first to                                                             T symbol
 prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder,                                                            R: 20-25
 then remove to safe place. Do NOT let this                                                               S: 1/2-45
 chemical enter the environment. (Extra                                                                   UN Hazard Class: 6.1
 personal protection: P2 filter respirator for                                                            UN Packing Group: III
 harmful particles).
                                           SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
                                          Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the
 ICSC: 0614                               European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the
                                          OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                               Page 2 of 2




                      International Chemical Safety Cards
BARIUM CHLORIDE                                                                                                               ICSC: 0614

           I            PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:                                ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
                        ODOURLESS , COLOURLESS CRYSTALS                            The substance can be absorbed into the body by
          M                                                                        inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.
                        PHYSICAL DANGERS:
           P                                                                       INHALATION RISK:
                                                                                   Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful
          O             CHEMICAL DANGERS:                                          concentration of airborne particles can, however, be
                                                                                   reached quickly when dispersed.
           R
                        OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:                              EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
           T            TLV (as Ba): ppm; 0.5 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1999).                  The substance irritates the eyes, the skin and the
                        OSHA PEL*: TWA 0.5 mg/m3 *Note: The PEL also               respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the
           A                                                                       nervous system . Exposure could cause hypokalaemia ,
                        applies to other soluble barium compounds (as Ba)
                                                                                   resulting in cardiac disorders and muscular disorders.
           N            NIOSH REL: TWA 0.5 mg/m3 *Note: The REL also               Exposure may result in death.
                        applies to other soluble barium compounds (as Ba)
           T            except Barium sulfate.                                     EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED
                        NIOSH IDLH: 50 mg/m3 (as Ba)                               EXPOSURE:
           D

           A

           T

           A
                        Boiling point: 1560°C                                      Solubility in water, g/100 ml: 36
     PHYSICAL           Melting point: 960°C
    PROPERTIES          Density: 3.9
                        g/cm3
                        The substance is harmful to aquatic organisms.
 ENVIRONMENTAL
      DATA

                                                                NOTES
 Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
                                                                                              Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G64c

                                                   ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


 ICSC: 0614                                                                                                   BARIUM CHLORIDE
                                                             (C) IPCS, CEC, 1994


                    Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible
                    for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review
  IMPORTANT
                    Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject.
     LEGAL
                    The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only
    NOTICE:
                    modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH
                    values.
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards                                                                                                Page 1 of 1




                   NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
                                                                                                               CAS 7440-41-7 (metal)
 Beryllium & beryllium compounds (as Be)
 Be (metal)                                                                                                    RTECS DS1750000 (metal)

 Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                                        DOT ID & Guide
                                                                                                               1566 154 (compounds)
 Beryllium metal: Beryllium                                                                                    1567 134 (powder)
 Other synonyms vary depending upon the specific beryllium compound.

                                       NIOSH REL: Ca Not to exceed 0.0005 mg/m3 See Appendix A
 Exposure
 Limits                                OSHA PEL: TWA 0.002 mg/m3 C 0.005 mg/m3 0.025 mg/m 3 [30-minute maximum peak]

 IDLH Ca [4 mg/m3 (as Be)] See: IDLH INDEX                                Conversion

 Physical Description
 Metal: A hard, brittle, gray-white solid.
 MW: 9.0                               BP: 4532°F                         MLT: 2349°F                          Sol: Insoluble
 VP: 0 mmHg (approx)                   IP: NA                                                                  Sp.Gr: 1.85 (metal)
 Fl.P: NA                              UEL: NA                            LEL: NA
 Metal: Noncombustible Solid in bulk form, but a slight explosion hazard in the form of a powder or dust.
 Incompatibilities & Reactivities
 Acids, caustics, chlorinated hydrocarbons, oxidizers, molten lithium

 Measurement Methods
 NIOSH 7102, 7300; OSHA ID125G, ID206
 See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

 Personal Protection & Sanitation                                         First Aid (See procedures)
 Skin: Prevent skin contact                                               Eye: Irrigate immediately
 Eyes: Prevent eye contact
 Wash skin: Daily                                                         Breathing: Fresh air
 Remove: When wet or contaminated
 Change: Daily
 Provide: Eyewash
 Important additional information about respirator selection
 Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
 At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF = 10,000) Any self-
 contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF =
 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in
 combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
 Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, self-
 contained breathing apparatus
 Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
 Symptoms Berylliosis (chronic exposure): anorexia, weight loss, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), chest pain, cough, clubbing of fingers,
 cyanosis, pulmonary insufficiency; irritation eyes; dermatitis; [potential occupational carcinogen]
 Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system

 Cancer Site [lung cancer]

 See also: INTRODUCTION See ICSC CARD: 0226 See MEDICAL TESTS: 0025


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International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                                     Page 1 of 2


                        International Chemical Safety Cards
BERYLLIUM                                                                                                                                           ICSC: 0226




                                                                    Glucinium
                                                                       Be
                                                                 Atomic mass: 9.0
 ICSC # 0226
 CAS # 7440-41-7
 RTECS # DS1750000
 UN #    1567
 EC #    004-001-00-7
   TYPES OF
                              ACUTE HAZARDS/                                                                                     FIRST AID/
    HAZARD/                                                                     PREVENTION
                                SYMPTOMS                                                                                       FIRE FIGHTING
   EXPOSURE
                        Combustible.                                 NO open flames.                                  Special powder, dry sand, NO other
        FIRE                                                                                                          agents.
                        Finely dispersed particles form              Prevent deposition of dust; closed
  EXPLOSION             explosive mixtures in air.                   system, dust explosion-proof
                                                                     electrical equipment and lighting.
                                                                     PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A
   EXPOSURE                                                          AVOID ALL CONTACT!          DOCTOR!
                        Cough. Shortness of breath. Sore  Local exhaust. Breathing protection.                        Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical
 •INHALATION            throat. Weakness. Symptoms may be                                                             attention.
                        delayed (see Notes).
                        Redness.                                     Protective gloves. Protective clothing. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse
 •SKIN
                                                                                                             skin with plenty of water or shower.
                        Redness. Pain.                               Face shield or eye protection in                 First rinse with plenty of water for
                                                                     combination with breathing                       several minutes (remove contact
 •EYES
                                                                     protection if powder.                            lenses if easily possible), then take to
                                                                                                                      a doctor.
                                                                     Do not eat, drink, or smoke during               Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce
 •INGESTION                                                          work. Wash hands before eating.                  vomiting. Refer for medical attention.


        SPILLAGE DISPOSAL                                            STORAGE                                    PACKAGING & LABELLING
 Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert!         Separated from strong acids, bases ,                       Unbreakable packaging; put breakable
 Carefully collect the spilled substance into     chlorinated solvents, food and feedstuffs .                packaging into closed unbreakable container.
 containers; if appropriate moisten first, then                                                              Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
 remove to safe place. Chemical protection                                                                   Note: E
 suit including self-contained breathing                                                                     T+ symbol
 apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter                                                                   R: 49-25-26-36/37/38-43-48/23
 the environment.                                                                                            S: 53-45
                                                                                                             UN Hazard Class: 6.1
                                                                                                             UN Subsidiary Risks: 4.1
                                                                                                             UN Packing Group: II
                                              SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
                                             Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the
 ICSC: 0226                                  European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the
                                             OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                               Page 2 of 2


                      International Chemical Safety Cards
BERYLLIUM                                                                                                                     ICSC: 0226

           I            PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:                                ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
                        GREY TO WHITE POWDER.                                      The substance can be absorbed into the body by
          M                                                                        inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.
                        PHYSICAL DANGERS:
          P             Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form,     INHALATION RISK:
                        mixed with air.                                            Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful
          O                                                                        concentration of airborne particles can, however, be
                        CHEMICAL DANGERS:                                          reached quickly when dispersed.
          R             Reacts strong acids and strong bases forming
                        flammable/explosive gas (hydrogen - see ICSC0001) .        EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
          T             Forms shock sensitive mixtures with some chlorinated       The aerosol of this substance irritates the respiratory
                        solvents, such as carbon tetrachloride and                 tract. Inhalation of dust or fumes may cause chemical
          A             trichloroethylene.                                         pneumonitis. Exposure may result in death. The effects
                                                                                   may be delayed. Medical observation is indicated.
          N             OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:
                        TLV (as TWA): ppm; 0.002 mg/m3 A1 (ACGIH 1999).            EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED
          T             TLV (as STEL ): ppm; 0.01 mg/m^3 (ACGIH 1999).             EXPOSURE:
                        NIOSH REL: Ca Not to exceed 0.0005 mg/m3 See               Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin
                        Appendix A                                                 sensitization. Lungs may be affected by repeated or
          D                                                                        prolonged exposure to dust particles , resulting in
                        NIOSH IDLH: Potential occupational carcinogen 4
                                                                                   chronic beryllium disease (cough, weight loss,
          A             mg/m3 (as Be)                                              weakness). This substance is carcinogenic to humans.

          T

          A
                        Boiling point: above 2500°C                                Solubility in water: none
     PHYSICAL           Melting point: 1287°C
    PROPERTIES          Density: 1.9
                        g/cm3
                       The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms.
 ENVIRONMENTAL
      DATA

                                                                NOTES
 Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. Do NOT take working clothes home.
                                                                                          Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-61G64b
                                                                                                              NFPA Code: H3; F1; R0

                                                   ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


 ICSC: 0226                                                                                                              BERYLLIUM
                                                             (C) IPCS, CEC, 1994


                    Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible
                    for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review
  IMPORTANT
                    Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject.
     LEGAL
                    The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only
    NOTICE:
                    modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH
                    values.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0087.html




          NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
  Cadmium dust (as Cd)                                                                         CAS 7440-43-9 (metal)


  Cd (metal)                                                                                   RTECS EU9800000 (metal)

  Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                       DOT ID & Guide
                                                                                               2570 154 (compounds)
  Cadmium metal: Cadmium
  Other synonyms vary depending upon the specific cadmium
  compound.
                                  NIOSH REL*: Ca See Appendix A [*Note: The REL applies to all Cadmium compounds (as
  Exposure                        Cd).]

  Limits                          OSHA PEL*: [1910.1027] TWA 0.005 mg/m3 [*Note: The PEL applies to all Cadmium
                                  compounds (as Cd).]

  IDLH Ca [9 mg/m3 (as Cd)] See: IDLH INDEX                     Conversion

  Physical Description
  Metal: Silver-white, blue-tinged lustrous, odorless solid.
  MW: 112.4                       BP: 1409°F                    MLT: 610°F                     Sol: Insoluble
  VP: 0 mmHg (approx)             IP: NA                                                       Sp.Gr: 8.65 (metal)
  Fl.P: NA                        UEL: NA                       LEL: NA
  Metal: Noncombustible Solid in bulk form, but will burn in powder form.
  Incompatibilities & Reactivities
  Strong oxidizers; elemental sulfur, selenium & tellurium

  Measurement Methods
  NIOSH 7048; OSHA ID121, ID125G, ID189, ID206
  See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

  Personal Protection & Sanitation                              First Aid (See procedures)
  Skin: No recommendation                                       Eye: Irrigate immediately
  Eyes: No recommendation                                       Skin: Soap wash
  Wash skin: Daily                                              Breathing: Respiratory support
  Remove: No recommendation                                     Swallow: Medical attention immediately
  Change: Daily

  Important additional information about respirator selection
  Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
  At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF =
  10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other
  positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-
  demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing
  apparatus
  Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate
  escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
  Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion
  Symptoms Pulmonary edema, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), cough, chest tightness, substernal (occurring beneath the
  sternum) pain; headache; chills, muscle aches; nausea, vomiting, diarrhea; anosmia (loss of the sense of smell),
  emphysema, proteinuria, mild anemia; [potential occupational carcinogen]
  Target Organs respiratory system, kidneys, prostate, blood

  Cancer Site [prostatic & lung cancer]

  See also: INTRODUCTION See ICSC CARD: 0020 See MEDICAL TESTS: 0035


                              NIOSH Home | NIOSH Search | Site Index | Topic List | Contact Us
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0020.html




               International Chemical Safety Cards
  CADMIUM                                                                                                       ICSC: 0020




                                                            Cd
                                                     Atomic mass: 112.4
  ICSC # 0020
  CAS # 7440-43-9
  RTECS # EU9800000
   TYPES OF
                        ACUTE HAZARDS/                                                             FIRST AID/
    HAZARD/                                                   PREVENTION
                          SYMPTOMS                                                               FIRE FIGHTING
   EXPOSURE
                     Flammable in powder form.          NO open flames, NO sparks, and Dry sand. Special powder. No
       FIRE          Gives off irritating or toxic      NO smoking. NO contact with other agents.
                     fumes (or gases) in a fire.        heat or acids.
                     Finely dispersed particles form    Prevent deposition of dust;
                     explosive mixtures in air.         closed system, dust explosion-
  EXPLOSION                                             proof electrical equipment and
                                                        lighting.
                                                        PREVENT DISPERSION OF               IN ALL CASES CONSULT A
   EXPOSURE                                             DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!               DOCTOR!
                     Cough. Headache. Symptoms          Local exhaust or breathing          Fresh air, rest. Half-upright
                     may be delayed (see Notes).        protection.                         position. Artificial respiration if
   •INHALATION
                                                                                            indicated. Refer for medical
                                                                                            attention.
                                                        Protective gloves.                  Remove contaminated clothes.
   •SKIN                                                                                    Rinse and then wash skin with
                                                                                            water and soap.
                     Redness. Pain.                     Face shield, or eye protection in First rinse with plenty of water
                                                        combination with breathing        for several minutes (remove
   •EYES
                                                        protection.                       contact lenses if easily possible),
                                                                                          then take to a doctor.
                     Abdominal pain. Diarrhoea.         Do not eat, drink, or smoke         Rest. Refer for medical
   •INGESTION
                     Headache. Nausea. Vomiting.        during work.                        attention.

                                                                                              PACKAGING &
      SPILLAGE DISPOSAL                                 STORAGE
                                                                                               LABELLING
  Evacuate danger area! Extinguish          Fireproof. Separated from strong          Airtight. Unbreakable packaging; put
  ignition sources. Sweep spilled           oxidants, strong acids, food and          breakable packaging into closed
  substance into containers; if             feedstuffs.                               unbreakable container. Do not
  appropriate, moisten first to prevent                                               transport with food and feedstuffs.
  dusting. Carefully collect remainder,                                               R:
  then remove to safe place. (Extra                                                   S:
  personal protection: P3 filter respirator
  for toxic particles).
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0020.html



                                   SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
                                      Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the
   ICSC: 0020                         Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version
                                      have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.



                International Chemical Safety Cards
  CADMIUM                                                                                                                   ICSC: 0020

                          PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:                             ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
            I             SOFT BLUE-WHITE METAL LUMPS OR                          The substance can be absorbed into the body
                          GREY POWDER. MALLEABLE. TURNS                           by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.
            M             BRITTLE ON EXPOSURE TO 80°C AND
                          TARNISHES ON EXPOSURE TO MOIST                          INHALATION RISK:
            P             AIR.                                                    Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful
                                                                                  concentration of airborne particles can,
            O             PHYSICAL DANGERS:                                       however, be reached quickly.
                          Dust explosion possible if in powder or
            R             granular form, mixed with air.                          EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM
                                                                                  EXPOSURE:
            T             CHEMICAL DANGERS:                                       The substance irritates the eyes and the
                          Reacts with acids giving off flammable                  respiratory tract. Inhalation of fume may cause
            A             hydrogen gas. Dust reacts with oxidants,                lung oedema (see Notes). Inhalation of fume
                          hydrogen azide, zinc, selenium or tellurium,            may cause metal fever. The effects may be
            N             causing fire and explosion hazard.                      delayed. Medical observation is indicated.
            T             OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:                           EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR
                          TLV (as dust): 0.05 mg/m3 as TWA (ACGIH                 REPEATED EXPOSURE:
                          1991-1992).                                             Lungs may be affected by repeated or
            D                                                                     prolonged exposure to dust particles. The
                          NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A *Note: The
                          REL applies to all Cadmium compounds (as                substance may have effects on the kidneys ,
            A                                                                     resulting in proteinuria and kidney
                          Cd).
                          NIOSH IDLH: Potential occupational                      dysfunction. This substance is probably
            T                                                                     carcinogenic to humans.
                          carcinogen 9 mg/m3 (as Cd)
            A

                          Boiling point: 765°C                                    Solubility in water: none
      PHYSICAL
                          Melting point: 321°C                                    Auto-ignition temperature: (cadmium metal
     PROPERTIES
                          Relative density (water = 1): 8.6                       dust) 250°C
  ENVIRONMENTAL
       DATA
                                                            NOTES
  Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as water, foam, carbon dioxide and halons. Depending on the degree
  of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest
  until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore
  essential. Do NOT take working clothes home.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0020.html



                                        ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


   ICSC: 0020                                                                                          CADMIUM
                                                  (C) IPCS, CEC, 1994


                  Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the
                  IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the
   IMPORTANT
                  collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed
      LEGAL
                  requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of
     NOTICE:
                  the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce
                  the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0141.html




           NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
  Chromium metal                                                                                    CAS 7440-47-3


  Cr                                                                                                RTECS GB4200000

  Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                            DOT ID & Guide
  Chrome, Chromium
                                   NIOSH REL: TWA 0.5 mg/m3 See Appendix C
  Exposure
                                   OSHA PEL*: TWA 1 mg/m3 See Appendix C [*Note: The PEL also applies to insoluble
  Limits                           chromium salts.]

  IDLH 250 mg/m3 (as Cr) See: 7440473                                  Conversion

  Physical Description
  Blue-white to steel-gray, lustrous, brittle, hard, odorless solid.
  MW: 52.0                         BP: 4788°F                          MLT: 3452°F                   Sol: Insoluble
  VP: 0 mmHg (approx)              IP: NA                                                            Sp.Gr: 7.14
  Fl.P: NA                         UEL: NA                             LEL: NA
  Noncombustible Solid in bulk form, but finely divided dust burns rapidly if heated in a flame.
  Incompatibilities & Reactivities
  Strong oxidizers (such as hydrogen peroxide), alkalis

  Measurement Methods
  NIOSH 7024; OSHA ID121, ID125G
  See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

  Personal Protection & Sanitation                                     First Aid (See procedures)
  Skin: No recommendation                                              Eye: Irrigate immediately
  Eyes: No recommendation                                              Skin: Soap wash
  Wash skin: No recommendation                                         Breathing: Respiratory support
  Remove: No recommendation                                            Swallow: Medical attention immediately
  Change: No recommendation

  Important additional information about respirator selection
  Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
  Up to 2.5 mg/m3: (APF = 5) Any dust and mist respirator*
  Up to 5 mg/m3: (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators*/(APF = 10) Any
  supplied-air respirator*
  Up to 12.5 mg/m3: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any powered,
  air-purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter*
  Up to 25 mg/m3: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50)
  Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency particulate filter*/(APF = 50) Any
  self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
  Up to 250 mg/m3: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-
  demand or other positive-pressure mode
  Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
  breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF
  = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-
  pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
  Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate
  escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
  Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
  Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; lung fibrosis (histologic)
  Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system

  See also: INTRODUCTION See ICSC CARD: 0029 See MEDICAL TESTS: 0052
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0029.html




                International Chemical Safety Cards
  CHROMIUM                                                                                                                     ICSC: 0029




                                                            Chrome
                                                           Cr (metal)
                                                        Atomic mass: 52.0
  ICSC # 0029
  CAS # 7440-47-3
  RTECS # GB4200000
   TYPES OF
                          ACUTE HAZARDS/                                                                        FIRST AID/
    HAZARD/                                                           PREVENTION
                            SYMPTOMS                                                                          FIRE FIGHTING
   EXPOSURE
                      Combustible if in very fine            No open flames if in powder                In case of fire in the
       FIRE           powder. Gives off irritating or        form.                                      surroundings: all extinguishing
                      toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.                                                 agents allowed.
                      Finely dispersed particles form        Prevent deposition of dust;
                      explosive mixtures in air.             closed system, dust explosion-
  EXPLOSION                                                  proof electrical equipment and
                                                             lighting.
                                                             PREVENT DISPERSION OF
   EXPOSURE                                                  DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!
                      Cough.                                 Local exhaust or breathing                 Fresh air, rest.
   •INHALATION
                                                             protection.
                      Redness.                               Protective gloves.                         Remove contaminated clothes.
                                                                                                        Rinse skin with plenty of water
   •SKIN
                                                                                                        or shower. Refer for medical
                                                                                                        attention.
                      Redness.                               Face shield.                               First rinse with plenty of water
                                                                                                        for several minutes (remove
   •EYES
                                                                                                        contact lenses if easily possible),
                                                                                                        then take to a doctor.
                                                             Do not eat, drink, or smoke                Rinse mouth.
   •INGESTION
                                                             during work.

                                                                                                           PACKAGING &
      SPILLAGE DISPOSAL                                      STORAGE
                                                                                                            LABELLING
  Vacuum spilled material. Carefully          Fireproof. Separated from strong
  collect remainder, then remove to safe      oxidants.                                         R:
  place. (Extra personal protection: P2                                                         S:
  filter respirator for harmful particles).
                                      SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
                                         Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the
   ICSC: 0029                            Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version
                                         have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0029.html




                International Chemical Safety Cards
  CHROMIUM                                                                                                      ICSC: 0029

            I             PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:                      ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
                          STEEL GREY LUTROUS METAL.                        The substance can be absorbed into the body
            M                                                              by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.
                          PHYSICAL DANGERS:
            P             Dust explosion possible if in powder or          INHALATION RISK:
                          granular form, mixed with air.                   Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful
            O                                                              concentration of airborne particles can,
                          CHEMICAL DANGERS:                                however, be reached quickly when dispersed.
            R             Reacts violently with strong oxidants such as
                          hydrogen peroxide, causing fire and explosion EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM
            T             hazard. Reacts with diluted hydrochloric and EXPOSURE:
                          sulfuric acids. Incompatible with alkalis and
            A             alkali carbonates.
                                                                        EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR
            N             OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS: REPEATED EXPOSURE:
                          TLV: 0.5 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1994-          Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin
            T             1995).                                        sensitization.
                          OSHA PEL*: TWA 1 mg/m        3 See Appendix C
                          *Note: The PEL also applies to insoluble
            D             chromium salts.
                          NIOSH REL: TWA 0.5 mg/m3 See Appendix
            A
                          C
            T             NIOSH IDLH: 250 mg/m3 (as Cr)

            A
      PHYSICAL            Boiling point: 2642°C                            Relative density (water = 1): 7.14
     PROPERTIES           Melting point: 1900°C                            Solubility in water: none
  ENVIRONMENTAL
       DATA
                                                        NOTES
  Explosive limits are unknown in literature. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is
  indicated.

                                            ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


   ICSC: 0029                                                                                            CHROMIUM
                                                     (C) IPCS, CEC, 1994


                     Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the
                     IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the
   IMPORTANT
                     collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed
      LEGAL
                     requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of
     NOTICE:
                     the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce
                     the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards                                                                                             Page 1 of 1


                  NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
                                                                                                             CAS 7440-50-8
 Copper (dusts and mists, as Cu)
 Cu                                                                                                          RTECS GL5325000

 Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                                      DOT ID & Guide
 Copper metal dusts, Copper metal fumes
                                     NIOSH REL*: TWA 1 mg/m3 [*Note: The REL also applies to other copper compounds (as Cu) except
 Exposure                            Copper fume.]

 Limits                              OSHA PEL*: TWA 1 mg/m 3 [*Note: The PEL also applies to other copper compounds (as Cu) except
                                     copper fume.]

 IDLH 100 mg/m3 (as Cu) See: 7440508                                     Conversion

 Physical Description
 Reddish, lustrous, malleable, odorless solid.
 MW: 63.5                            BP: 4703°F                          MLT: 1981°F                         Sol: Insoluble
 VP: 0 mmHg (approx)                 IP: NA                                                                  Sp.Gr: 8.94
 Fl.P: NA                            UEL: NA                             LEL: NA
 Noncombustible Solid in bulk form, but powdered form may ignite.
 Incompatibilities & Reactivities
 Oxidizers, alkalis, sodium azide, acetylene

 Measurement Methods
 NIOSH 7029; OSHA ID121, ID125G
 See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

 Personal Protection & Sanitation                                        First Aid (See procedures)
 Skin: Prevent skin contact                                              Eye: Irrigate immediately
 Eyes: Prevent eye contact                                               Skin: Soap wash promptly
 Wash skin: When contaminated                                            Breathing: Respiratory support
 Remove: When wet or contaminated                                        Swallow: Medical attention immediately
 Change: Daily

 Important additional information about respirator selection
 Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA
 Up to 5 mg/m3: (APF = 5) Any dust and mist respirator*
 Up to 10 mg/m3: (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators*^/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air
 respirator*
 Up to 25 mg/m3: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying
 respirator with a dust and mist filter*
 Up to 50 mg/m3: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-
 purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency particulate filter*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus
 with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
 Up to 100 mg/m3: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other
 positive-pressure mode
 Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-
 contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
 Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, self-
 contained breathing apparatus
 Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
 Symptoms Irritation eyes, respiratory system; cough, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), wheezing; [potential occupational carcinogen]
 Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, kidneys (increase(d) risk with Wilson's disease)

 See also: INTRODUCTION See ICSC CARD: 0240 See MEDICAL TESTS: 0057


                                     NIOSH Home | NIOSH Search | Site Index | Topic List | Contact Us
International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                                Page 1 of 2




                      International Chemical Safety Cards
COPPER                                                                                                                                         ICSC: 0240




                                                                  Cu
                                                           Atomic mass: 63.5
                                                               (powder)
 ICSC # 0240
 CAS # 7440-50-8
 RTECS # GL5325000
   TYPES OF
                           ACUTE HAZARDS/                                                                                   FIRST AID/
    HAZARD/                                                                PREVENTION
                             SYMPTOMS                                                                                     FIRE FIGHTING
   EXPOSURE
                      Combustible.                              NO open flames.                                  Special powder, dry sand, NO other
       FIRE                                                                                                      agents.
  EXPLOSION
                                                                PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!
   EXPOSURE
                      Cough. Headache. Shortness of             Local exhaust or breathing protection. Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical
 •INHALATION
                      breath. Sore throat.                                                             attention.
                      Redness.                                  Protective gloves.                               Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse
 •SKIN                                                                                                           and then wash skin with water and
                                                                                                                 soap.
                      Redness. Pain.                            Safety goggles.                                  First rinse with plenty of water for
                                                                                                                 several minutes (remove contact
 •EYES
                                                                                                                 lenses if easily possible), then take to
                                                                                                                 a doctor.
                      Abdominal pain. Nausea. Vomiting.         Do not eat, drink, or smoke during               Rinse mouth. Refer for medical
 •INGESTION
                                                                work.                                            attention.

       SPILLAGE DISPOSAL                                        STORAGE                                      PACKAGING & LABELLING
 Sweep spilled substance into containers.    Separated from: see Chemical Dangers.
 Carefully collect remainder. Then remove to                                                            R:
 safe place (extra personal protection: P2                                                              S:
 filter respirator for harmful particles).
                                         SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
                                        Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the
 ICSC: 0240                             European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the
                                        OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                               Page 2 of 2




                      International Chemical Safety Cards
COPPER                                                                                                                        ICSC: 0240

           I            PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:            ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
                        RED POWDER, TURNS GREEN ON EXPOSURE TO The substance can be absorbed into the body by
          M             MOIST AIR.                             inhalation and by ingestion.

           P            PHYSICAL DANGERS:                                          INHALATION RISK:
                                                                                   Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful
          O                                                                        concentration of airborne particles can, however, be
                        CHEMICAL DANGERS:                                          reached quickly when dispersed.
           R            Shock-sensitive compounds are formed with acetylenic
                        compounds, ethylene oxides and azides. Reacts with    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
           T            strong oxidants like chlorates, bromates and iodates, Inhalation of fume may cause metal fever (see Notes).
                        causing explosion hazard.
           A                                                                  EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED
                        OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:                         EXPOSURE:
           N            TLV: ppm; 0.2 mg/m3 fume (ACGIH 1992-1993).           Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin
                        TLV (as Cu, dusts & mists): ppm; 1 mg/m    3 (ACGIH   sensitization.
           T            1992-1993).
                        OSHA PEL*: TWA 1 mg/m3 *Note: The PEL also
           D            applies to other copper compounds (as Cu) except
                        NIOSH REL: TWA 1 mg/m3 *Note: The REL also
           A            applies to other copper compounds (as Cu) except
                        Copper fume.
           T            NIOSH IDLH: 100 mg/m3 (as Cu)

           A

     PHYSICAL           Boiling point: 2595°C                                      Relative density (water = 1): 8.9
    PROPERTIES          Melting point: 1083°C                                      Solubility in water: none
 ENVIRONMENTAL
      DATA
                                                                NOTES
 The symptoms of metal fume fever do not become manifest until several hours.

                                                   ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


 ICSC: 0240                                                                                                                     COPPER
                                                             (C) IPCS, CEC, 1994


                    Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible
                    for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review
  IMPORTANT
                    Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject.
     LEGAL
                    The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only
    NOTICE:
                    modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH
                    values.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0368.html




           NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
  Lead                                                                                            CAS 7439-92-1


  Pb                                                                                              RTECS OF7525000

  Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                          DOT ID & Guide
  Lead metal, Plumbum
                                   NIOSH REL*: TWA 0.050 mg/m3 See Appendix C [*Note: The REL also applies to other
  Exposure                         lead compounds (as Pb) -- see Appendix C.]

  Limits                           OSHA PEL*: [1910.1025] TWA 0.050 mg/m3 See Appendix C [*Note: The PEL also applies
                                   to other lead compounds (as Pb) -- see Appendix C.]

  IDLH 100 mg/m3 (as Pb) See: 7439921                             Conversion

  Physical Description
  A heavy, ductile, soft, gray solid.
  MW: 207.2                        BP: 3164°F                     MLT: 621°F                      Sol: Insoluble
  VP: 0 mmHg (approx)              IP: NA                                                         Sp.Gr: 11.34
  Fl.P: NA                         UEL: NA                        LEL: NA
  Noncombustible Solid in bulk form.
  Incompatibilities & Reactivities
  Strong oxidizers, hydrogen peroxide, acids

  Measurement Methods
  NIOSH 7082, 7105, 7300, 7700, 7701, 7702, 9100, 9105; OSHA ID121, ID125G, ID206
  See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

  Personal Protection & Sanitation                                First Aid (See procedures)
  Skin: Prevent skin contact                                      Eye: Irrigate immediately
  Eyes: Prevent eye contact                                       Skin: Soap flush promptly
  Wash skin: Daily                                                Breathing: Respiratory support
  Remove: When wet or contaminated                                Swallow: Medical attention immediately
  Change: Daily

  Important additional information about respirator selection
  Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA
  Up to 0.5 mg/m3: (APF = 10) Any air-purifying respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 10) Any supplied-
  air respirator
  Up to 1.25 mg/m3: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any powered,
  air-purifying respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter
  Up to 2.5 mg/m3: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50)
  Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any
  powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any self-
  contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
  Up to 50 mg/m3: (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure
  mode
  Up to 100 mg/m3: (APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-
  demand or other positive-pressure mode
  Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
  breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF
  = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-
  pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
  Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate
  escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
  Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0368.html



  Symptoms Lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), insomnia; facial pallor; anorexia, weight loss, malnutrition; constipation,
  abdominal pain, colic; anemia; gingival lead line; tremor; paralysis wrist, ankles; encephalopathy; kidney disease; irritation
  eyes; hypotension
  Target Organs Eyes, gastrointestinal tract, central nervous system, kidneys, blood, gingival tissue

  See also: INTRODUCTION See ICSC CARD: 0052 See MEDICAL TESTS: 0127


                             NIOSH Home | NIOSH Search | Site Index | Topic List | Contact Us
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0052.html




             International Chemical Safety Cards
  LEAD                                                                                                  ICSC: 0052




                                                    Lead metal
                                                     Plumbum
                                                        Pb
                                                 Atomic mass: 207.2
                                                     (powder)
  ICSC # 0052
  CAS # 7439-92-1
  RTECS # OF7525000
   TYPES OF
                    ACUTE HAZARDS/                                                          FIRST AID/
    HAZARD/                                               PREVENTION
                      SYMPTOMS                                                            FIRE FIGHTING
   EXPOSURE
                 Not combustible. Gives off                                          In case of fire in the
      FIRE       irritating or toxic fumes (or                                       surroundings: use appropriate
                 gases) in a fire.                                                   extinguishing media.
                 Finely dispersed particles form    Prevent deposition of dust;
                 explosive mixtures in air.         closed system, dust explosion-
  EXPLOSION                                         proof electrical equipment and
                                                    lighting.
            See EFFECTS OF LONG-                    PREVENT DISPERSION OF
   EXPOSURE TERM OR REPEATED                        DUST! AVOID EXPOSURE
            EXPOSURE.                               OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!
                                                    Local exhaust or breathing       Fresh air, rest.
   •INHALATION
                                                    protection.
                                                    Protective gloves.               Remove contaminated clothes.
   •SKIN                                                                             Rinse and then wash skin with
                                                                                     water and soap.
                                                    Safety spectacles.               First rinse with plenty of water
                                                                                     for several minutes (remove
   •EYES
                                                                                     contact lenses if easily possible),
                                                                                     then take to a doctor.
                 Abdominal pain. Nausea.            Do not eat, drink, or smoke    Rinse mouth. Give plenty of
   •INGESTION    Vomiting.                          during work. Wash hands before water to drink. Refer for medical
                                                    eating.                        attention.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0052.html



                                                                                                         PACKAGING &
      SPILLAGE DISPOSAL                                    STORAGE
                                                                                                          LABELLING
  Sweep spilled substance into               Separated from food and feedstuffs
  containers; if appropriate, moisten first and incompatible materials . See                  R:
  to prevent dusting. Carefully collect      Chemical Dangers.                                S:
  remainder, then remove to safe place.
  Do NOT let this chemical enter the
  environment. (Extra personal
  protection: P3 filter respirator for toxic
  particles.)
                                    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
                                       Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the
   ICSC: 0052                          Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version
                                       have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.



                 International Chemical Safety Cards
  LEAD                                                                                                                       ICSC: 0052

                           PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:                             ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
                           BLUISH-WHITE OR SILVERY-GREY                            The substance can be absorbed into the body
             I             SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS. TURNS                           by inhalation and by ingestion.
                           TARNISHED ON EXPOSURE TO AIR.
            M                                                                      INHALATION RISK:
                           PHYSICAL DANGERS:                                       A harmful concentration of airborne particles
            P              Dust explosion possible if in powder or                 can be reached quickly when dispersed,
                           granular form, mixed with air.                          especially if powdered.
            O
                           CHEMICAL DANGERS:                                       EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM
            R              On heating, toxic fumes are formed. Reacts              EXPOSURE:
                           with oxidants. Reacts with hot concentrated
            T              nitric acid, boiling concentrated hydrochloric
                           acid and sulfuric acid. Attacked by pure water
                                                                      EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR
            A              and by weak organic acids in the presence of
                                                                      REPEATED EXPOSURE:
                           oxygen.                                    The substance may have effects on the blood ,
            N                                                         bone marrow , central nervous system ,
                           OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS: peripheral nervous system and kidneys ,
            T              TLV: 0.05 mg/m³; A3; (ACGIH 2002).         resulting in anaemia, encephalopathy (e.g.,
                           EU OEL: as TWA 0.15 mg/m³; (EU 2002).      convulsions), peripheral nerve disease,
                           OSHA PEL*: 1910.1025 TWA 0.050 mg/m3 abdominal cramps and kidney impairment.
            D              See Appendix C *Note: The PEL also applies Causes toxicity to human reproduction or
                           to other lead                              development.
            A                                            3 See
                           NIOSH REL*: TWA 0.050 mg/m
                           Appendix C *Note: The REL also applies to
            T
                           other lead
            A              NIOSH IDLH: 100 mg/m3 (as Pb)



      PHYSICAL             Boiling point: 1740°C                                   Density: 11.34 g/cm3
     PROPERTIES            Melting point: 327.5°C                                  Solubility in water: none
                Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur in plants and in mammals. It is
  ENVIRONMENTAL
                strongly advised that this substance does not enter the environment.
       DATA
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0052.html



                                                       NOTES
  Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. Do NOT take working clothes home.
                                                                         Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-51S1872

                                          ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


   ICSC: 0052                                                                                                   LEAD
                                                    (C) IPCS, CEC, 1994


                    Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the
                    IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the
   IMPORTANT
                    collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed
      LEGAL
                    requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of
     NOTICE:
                    the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce
                    the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards                                                                                               Page 1 of 1


                     NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
                                                                                                              CAS 7439-96-5 (metal)
 Manganese compounds and fume (as Mn)
 Mn (metal)                                                                                                   RTECS OO9275000 (metal)

 Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                                       DOT ID & Guide
 Manganese metal: Colloidal manganese, Manganese-55
 Synonyms of other compounds vary depending upon the specific manganese
 compound.
                                       NIOSH REL*: TWA 1 mg/m3 ST 3 mg/m3 [*Note: Also see specific listings for Manganese
 Exposure                              cyclopentadienyl tricarbonyl, Methyl cyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl, and Manganese tetroxide.]

 Limits                                OSHA PEL*: C 5 mg/m3 [*Note: Also see specific listings for Manganese cyclopentadienyl tricarbonyl
                                       and Methyl cyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl.]

 IDLH 500 mg/m3 (as Mn) See: 7439965                                      Conversion

 Physical Description
 A lustrous, brittle, silvery solid.
 MW: 54.9                              BP: 3564°F                         MLT: 2271°F                         Sol: Insoluble
 VP: 0 mmHg (approx)                   IP: NA                                                                 Sp.Gr: 7.20 (metal)
 Fl.P: NA                              UEL: NA                            LEL: NA
 Metal: Combustible Solid
 Incompatibilities & Reactivities
 Oxidizers [Note: Will react with water or steam to produce hydrogen.]

 Measurement Methods
 NIOSH 7300; OSHA ID121, ID125G
 See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

 Personal Protection & Sanitation                                         First Aid (See procedures)
 Skin: No recommendation
 Eyes: No recommendation
 Wash skin: No recommendation                                             Breathing: Respiratory support
 Remove: No recommendation                                                Swallow: Medical attention immediately
 Change: No recommendation

 Important additional information about respirator selection
 Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
 Up to 10 mg/m3: (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators^/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air
 respirator
 Up to 25 mg/m3: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying
 respirator with a dust and mist filter^
 Up to 50 mg/m3: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air
 respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a
 tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency particulate filter/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF =
 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
 Up to 500 mg/m3: (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
 Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-
 contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
 Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, self-
 contained breathing apparatus
 Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion
 Symptoms Parkinson's; asthenia, insomnia, mental confusion; metal fume fever: dry throat, cough, chest tightness, dyspnea (breathing
 difficulty), rales, flu-like fever; low-back pain; vomiting; malaise (vague feeling of discomfort); lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); kidney
 damage
 Target Organs respiratory system, central nervous system, blood, kidneys

 See also: INTRODUCTION See ICSC CARD: 0174 See MEDICAL TESTS: 0131


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International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                                  Page 1 of 2




                       International Chemical Safety Cards
MANGANESE                                                                                                                                        ICSC: 0174




                                                                    Mn
                                                             Atomic mass: 54.9
                                                                 (powder)
 ICSC # 0174
 CAS # 7439-96-5
 RTECS # OO9275000
   TYPES OF
                            ACUTE HAZARDS/                                                                                    FIRST AID/
    HAZARD/                                                                  PREVENTION
                              SYMPTOMS                                                                                      FIRE FIGHTING
   EXPOSURE
     FIRE              Combustible.                               NO open flames.                                  Dry sand, special powder.
                       Finely dispersed particles form            Prevent deposition of dust; closed
  EXPLOSION            explosive mixtures in air.                 system, dust explosion-proof
                                                                  electrical equipment and lighting.
                                                                  PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!
   EXPOSURE                                                       AVOID EXPOSURE OF
                                                                  (PREGNANT) WOMEN!
                       Cough.                                     Local exhaust or breathing protection. Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical
 •INHALATION
                                                                                                         attention.
                                                                  Protective gloves.                               Rinse and then wash skin with water
 •SKIN
                                                                                                                   and soap.
                                                                  Safety goggles, or eye protection in             First rinse with plenty of water for
                                                                  combination with breathing                       several minutes (remove contact
 •EYES
                                                                  protection if powder.                            lenses if easily possible), then take to
                                                                                                                   a doctor.
                       Abdominal pain. Nausea.                    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during               Rinse mouth. Refer for medical
 •INGESTION
                                                                  work.                                            attention.

        SPILLAGE DISPOSAL                                         STORAGE                                      PACKAGING & LABELLING
 Sweep spilled substance into containers.      Separated from acids. Dry.
 Carefully collect remainder, then remove to                                                              R:
 safe place. (Extra personal protection: P2                                                               S:
 filter respirator for harmful particles.)
                                            SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
                                          Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the
 ICSC: 0174                               European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the
                                          OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.



                       International Chemical Safety Cards
International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                Page 2 of 2




MANGANESE                                                                                                                      ICSC: 0174

           I             PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:                                ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
                         GREY - WHITE POWDER                                        The substance can be absorbed into the body by
          M                                                                         inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.
                         PHYSICAL DANGERS:
           P             Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form,     INHALATION RISK:
                         mixed with air.                                            Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful
           O                                                                        concentration of airborne particles can, however, be
                         CHEMICAL DANGERS:                                          reached quickly when dispersed.
           R             Reacts slowly with water more rapidly with steam and
                         acids forming flammable/explosive gas (hydrogen - see EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
           T             ICSC0001) causing fire and explosion hazard.          The aerosol is irritating to the respiratory tract .

           A             OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:                              EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED
                         TLV: (0.2) mg/m³                                           EXPOSURE:
           N             (as TWA)                                                   The substance may have effects on the lungs and central
                         Intended change; (ACGIH 2003).                             nervous system , resulting in increased susceptibility to
           T             MAK: 0.5 I mg/m³;                                          bronchitis, pneumonitis and neurologic,
                         Pregnancy risk group: C;                                   neuropsychiatric disorders (manganism). Animal tests
                         (DFG 2003).                                                show that this substance possibly causes toxicity to
           D                                                                        human reproduction or development.

           A

           T

           A
                         Boiling point: 1962°C                                      Solubility in water:
     PHYSICAL            Melting point: 1244°C                                      none
    PROPERTIES           Density: 7.47
                         g/cm3
               This substance may be hazardous in the environment; special attention should be given to aquatic
 ENVIRONMENTAL
               organisms.
      DATA

                                                                 NOTES
 Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested. The recommendations on this Card also apply to ferro
 manganese.

                                                    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


 ICSC: 0174                                                                                                              MANGANESE
                                                              (C) IPCS, CEC, 1994



                     Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible
                     for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review
  IMPORTANT
                     Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject.
     LEGAL
                     The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only
    NOTICE:
                     modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH
                     values.
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards                                                                                                Page 1 of 1




                   NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
                                                                                                               CAS 7440-02-0 (Metal)
 Nickel metal and other compounds (as Ni)
 Ni (Metal)                                                                                                    RTECS QR5950000 (Metal)

 Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                                        DOT ID & Guide
 Nickel metal: Elemental nickel, Nickel catalyst
 Synonyms of other nickel compounds vary depending upon the specific
 compound.
                                      NIOSH REL*: Ca TWA 0.015 mg/m3 See Appendix A [*Note: The REL does not apply to Nickel
 Exposure                             carbonyl.]
 Limits                               OSHA PEL*†: TWA 1 mg/m3 [*Note: The PEL does not apply to Nickel carbonyl.]

 IDLH Ca [10 mg/m3 (as Ni)] See: 7440020                                  Conversion

 Physical Description
 Metal: Lustrous, silvery, odorless solid.
 MW: 58.7                             BP: 5139°F                          MLT: 2831°F                          Sol: Insoluble
 VP: 0 mmHg (approx)                  IP: NA                                                                   Sp.Gr: 8.90 (Metal)
 Fl.P: NA                             UEL: NA                             LEL: NA
 Metal: Combustible Solid; nickel sponge catalyst may ignite SPONTANEOUSLY in air.
 Incompatibilities & Reactivities
 Strong acids, sulfur, selenium, wood & other combustibles, nickel nitrate

 Measurement Methods
 NIOSH 7300; OSHA ID121, ID125G
 See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

 Personal Protection & Sanitation                                         First Aid (See procedures)
 Skin: Prevent skin contact
 Eyes: No recommendation                                                  Skin: Water flush immediately
 Wash skin: When contaminated/Daily                                       Breathing: Respiratory support
 Remove: When wet or contaminated                                         Swallow: Medical attention immediately
 Change: Daily

 Important additional information about respirator selection
 Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
 At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF = 10,000) Any self-
 contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF =
 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in
 combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
 Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, self-
 contained breathing apparatus
 Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
 Symptoms Sensitization dermatitis, allergic asthma, pneumonitis; [potential occupational carcinogen]
 Target Organs Nasal cavities, lungs, skin

 Cancer Site [lung and nasal cancer]

 See also: INTRODUCTION See ICSC CARD: 0062 See MEDICAL TESTS: 0156


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International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                                    Page 1 of 2




                       International Chemical Safety Cards
NICKEL                                                                                                                                             ICSC: 0062




                                                                      Ni
                                                               Atomic mass: 58.7
                                                                   (powder)
 ICSC # 0062
 CAS # 7440-02-0
 RTECS # QR5950000
 EC #    028-002-00-7
   TYPES OF
                             ACUTE HAZARDS/                                                                                     FIRST AID/
    HAZARD/                                                                    PREVENTION
                               SYMPTOMS                                                                                       FIRE FIGHTING
   EXPOSURE
                       Flammable as dust. Toxic fumes may                                                            Dry sand. NO carbon dioxide. NO
        FIRE           be released in a fire.                                                                        water.
                       Finely dispersed particles form              Prevent deposition of dust; closed
  EXPLOSION            explosive mixtures in air.                   system, dust explosion-proof
                                                                    electrical equipment and lighting.
                                                                    PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!
   EXPOSURE                                                         AVOID ALL CONTACT!
                       Cough. Shortness of breath.                  Local exhaust or breathing protection. Fresh air, rest.
 •INHALATION

                                                                    Protective gloves. Protective clothing. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse
 •SKIN                                                                                                      and then wash skin with water and
                                                                                                            soap.
                                                                    Safety spectacles, or eye protection in First rinse with plenty of water for
                                                                    combination with breathing              several minutes (remove contact
 •EYES
                                                                    protection.                             lenses if easily possible), then take to
                                                                                                            a doctor.
                                                                    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during               Rinse mouth.
 •INGESTION
                                                                    work.

        SPILLAGE DISPOSAL                                           STORAGE                                    PACKAGING & LABELLING
 Vacuum spilled material. Carefully collect      Separated from strong acids.
 remainder, then remove to safe place. (Extra                                                               Xn symbol
 personal protection: P2 filter respirator for                                                              R: 40-43
 harmful particles.)                                                                                        S: 2-22-36
                                             SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
                                            Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the
 ICSC: 0062                                 European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the
                                            OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.



                       International Chemical Safety Cards
International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                Page 2 of 2




NICKEL                                                                                                                         ICSC: 0062

           I             PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:              ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
                         SILVERY METALLIC SOLID IN VARIOUS FORMS. The substance can be absorbed into the body by
          M                                                       inhalation of the dust.

           P             PHYSICAL DANGERS:                                          INHALATION RISK:
                         Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form,     Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful
           O             mixed with air.                                            concentration of airborne particles can, however, be
                                                                                    reached quickly when dispersed.
           R             CHEMICAL DANGERS:
                         Reacts violently, in powder form, with titanium powder     EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
           T             and potassium perchlorate, and oxidants such as            May cause mechanical irritation. Inhalation of fumes
                         ammonium nitrate, causing fire and explosion hazard.       may cause pneumonitis.
           A             Reacts slowly with non-oxidizing acids and more
                         rapidly with oxidizing acids. Toxic gases and vapours      EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED
           N             (such as nickel carbonyl) may be released in a fire        EXPOSURE:
                         involving nickel.                                          Repeated or prolonged contact may cause skin
           T                                                                        sensitization. Repeated or prolonged inhalation
                         OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:                              exposure may cause asthma. Lungs may be affected by
                         TLV: 1.5 mg/m³ (I) as TWA A5 (ACGIH 2001).                 repeated or prolonged exposure. This substance is
           D                                                                        possibly carcinogenic to humans.

           A

           T

           A
                         Boiling point: 2730°C                                      Solubility in water:
     PHYSICAL            Melting point: 1455°C                                      none
    PROPERTIES           Density: 8.9
                         g/cm3
 ENVIRONMENTAL
      DATA
                                                                 NOTES
 At high temperatures, nickel oxide fumes will be formed. Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is
 suggested. The symptoms of asthma often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical
 effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Anyone who has shown symptoms of asthma due to this substance should
 avoid all further contact with this substance.

                                                    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


 ICSC: 0062                                                                                                                      NICKEL
                                                              (C) IPCS, CEC, 1994


                     Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible
                     for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review
  IMPORTANT
                     Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject.
     LEGAL
                     The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only
    NOTICE:
                     modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH
                     values.
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards                                                                                                 Page 1 of 1


                   NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
                                                                                                                CAS 7440-67-7 (Metal)
 Zirconium compounds (as Zr)
 Zr (Metal)                                                                                                     RTECS ZH7070000 (Metal)

 Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                                         DOT ID & Guide
                                                                                                                1358 170 (powder, wet)
 Zirconium metal: Zirconium                                                                                     1932 135 (scrap)
 Synonyms of other zirconium compounds vary depending upon the specific                                         2008 135 (powder, dry)
 compound.
                                      NIOSH REL*: TWA 5 mg/m3 ST 10 mg/m3 [*Note: The REL applies to all zirconium compounds (as Zr)
 Exposure                             except Zirconium tetrachloride.]
 Limits                               OSHA PEL†: TWA 5 mg/m3

 IDLH 50 mg/m3 (as Zr) See: IDLH INDEX                                     Conversion

 Physical Description
 Metal: Soft, malleable, ductile, solid or gray to gold, amorphous powder.
 MW: 91.2                             BP: 6471°F                           MLT: 3375°F                          Sol: Insoluble
 VP: 0 mmHg (approx)                  IP: NA                                                                    Sp.Gr: 6.51 (Metal)
 Fl.P: NA                             UEL: NA                              LEL: NA
 Metal: Combustible, but solid form is difficult to ignite; however, powder form may ignite SPONTANEOUSLY and can continue burning
 under water.
 Incompatibilities & Reactivities
 Potassium nitrate, oxidizers [Note: Fine powder may be stored completely immersed in water.]

 Measurement Methods
 NIOSH 7300; OSHA ID121
 See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

 Personal Protection & Sanitation                                          First Aid (See procedures)
 Recommendations regarding personal protective clothing vary               Eye: Irrigate immediately
 depending upon the specific compound.                                     Skin: Soap wash
 Recommendations regarding eye protection vary depending upon              Breathing: Respiratory support
 the specific compound.                                                    Swallow: Medical attention immediately
 Recommendations regarding washing the skin vary depending upon
 the specific compound.
 Recommendations regarding the removal of personal protective
 clothing that becomes wet or contaminated vary depending upon the
 specific compound.
 Recommendations regarding the daily changing of personal
 protective clothing vary depending upon the specific compound.
 Recommendations regarding the need for eyewash or quick drench
 facilities vary depending upon the specific compound.
 Important additional information about respirator selection
 Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA
 Up to 25 mg/m3: (APF = 5) Any dust and mist respirator
 Up to 50 mg/m3: (APF = 10) Any dust and mist respirator except single-use and quarter-mask respirators/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-
 purifying respirator with a dust and mist filter/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/
 (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
 Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-
 contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
 Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter/Any appropriate escape-type, self-
 contained breathing apparatus
 Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact
 Symptoms Skin, lung granulomas; in animals: irritation skin, mucous membrane; X-ray evidence of retention in lungs
 Target Organs Skin, respiratory system

 See also: INTRODUCTION See MEDICAL TESTS: 0247


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Specific Medical Tests Published in the Literature for OSHA Regulated Substances                             Page 1 of 1




                    SPECIFIC MEDICAL TESTS PUBLISHED IN THE LITERATURE
                              FOR OSHA REGULATED SUBSTANCES

                  Zirconium and compounds, except ZrCl4
                                                            CAS No: Varies

NOTE:
(1) Efficacy of Medical Tests has not been evaluated.
(2) NIOSH references include diagnostic, screening, and other tests.
(3) OSHA mandated medical tests, if any, are provided in BOLD and listed first.


   EDITOR(S) / AUTHOR(S)                         SPECIFIC MEDICAL TEST(S)                    REFERENCE(S)

 Kneip TJ, Crable JV                Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)              Methods for Biological Monitoring - A
                                                                                   Manual for Assessing Human Exposure
                                                                                   to Hazardous Substances. Am Public
                                                                                   Health Association. 1988.

 US DHHS NIOSH                      Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)              NIOSH Manual Of Analytic Methods.
                                                                                   4th Edition. NIOSH Pub No. 94-113.
                                                                                   1994.

 Kneip TJ, Crable JV                Biologic Tissue/Biopsy                         Methods for Biological Monitoring - A
                                                                                   Manual for Assessing Human Exposure
                                                                                   to Hazardous Substances. Am Public
                                                                                   Health Association. 1988.

 US DHHS NIOSH and US DOL           Granuloma of the Skin                          NIOSH/OSHA Occupational Health
 OSHA                                                                              Guidelines for Chemical Hazards.
                                                                                   DHHS (NIOSH) Pub Nos. 81-123; 88-
                                                                                   118, Suppls. I-IV. 1981-1995.
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards                                                                                           Page 1 of 2


                  NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
                                                                                                          CAS 7439-97-6 (metal)
 Mercury compounds [except (organo) alkyls] (as
 Hg)
 Hg (metal)                                                                                               RTECS OV4550000 (metal)

 Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                                   DOT ID & Guide
                                                                                                          2809 172 (metal)
 Mercury metal: Colloidal mercury, Metallic mercury, Quicksilver
 Synonyms of "other" Hg compounds vary depending upon the specific
 compound.
                                    NIOSH REL: Hg Vapor: TWA 0.05 mg/m3 [skin]
 Exposure                           Other: C 0.1 mg/m 3 [skin]
 Limits                             OSHA PEL†: C 0.1 mg/m3

 IDLH 10 mg/m3 (as Hg) See: 7439976                                    Conversion

 Physical Description
 Metal: Silver-white, heavy, odorless liquid. [Note: "Other" Hg compounds include all inorganic & aryl Hg compounds except (organo) alkyls.]
 MW: 200.6                          BP: 674°F                          FRZ: -38°F                          Sol: Insoluble
 VP: 0.0012 mmHg                    IP: ?                                                                  Sp.Gr: 13.6 (metal)
 Fl.P: NA                           UEL: NA                            LEL: NA
 Metal: Noncombustible Liquid
 Incompatibilities & Reactivities
 Acetylene, ammonia, chlorine dioxide, azides, calcium (amalgam formation), sodium carbide, lithium, rubidium, copper

 Measurement Methods
 NIOSH 6009; OSHA ID140
 See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

 Personal Protection & Sanitation                                      First Aid (See procedures)
 Skin: Prevent skin contact                                            Eye: Irrigate immediately
 Eyes: No recommendation                                               Skin: Soap wash promptly
 Wash skin: When contaminated                                          Breathing: Respiratory support
 Remove: When wet or contaminated                                      Swallow: Medical attention immediately
 Change: Daily

 Important additional information about respirator selection
 Respirator Recommendations Mercury vapor:
 NIOSH
 Up to 0.5 mg/m3: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the compound of concern†/
 (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
 Up to 1.25 mg/m3: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying
 respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the compound of concern†(canister)
 Up to 2.5 mg/m3: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and cartridge(s) providing protection against the
 compound of concern†/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister
 providing protection against the compound of concern†/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is
 operated in a continuous-flow mode/PAPRTS(canister)/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50)
 Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
 Up to 10 mg/m3: (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
 Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure- demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-
 contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
 Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister providing
 protection against the compound of concern/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
 Other mercury compounds:
 NIOSH/OSHA
 Up to 1 mg/m3: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the compound of concern†/(APF
 = 10) Any supplied-air respirator
 Up to 2.5 mg/m3: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode/(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying
 respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against the compound of concern†(canister)
 Up to 5 mg/m3: (APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and cartridge(s) providing protection against the
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards                                                                                                Page 2 of 2


 compound of concern†/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister
 providing protection against the compound of concern†/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is
 operated in a continuous-flow mode/PAPRTS(canister)/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50)
 Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
 Up to 10 mg/m3: (APF = 1000) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
 Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-
 contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
 Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister providing
 protection against the compound of concern/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
 Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
 Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin; cough, chest pain, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), bronchitis, pneumonitis; tremor, insomnia, irritability,
 indecision, headache, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); stomatitis, salivation; gastrointestinal disturbance, anorexia, weight loss;
 proteinuria
 Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, kidneys

 See also: INTRODUCTION See ICSC CARD: 0056 See MEDICAL TESTS: 0136


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International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                                   Page 1 of 2


                       International Chemical Safety Cards
MERCURY                                                                                                                                           ICSC: 0056




                                                                 Quicksilver
                                                                 Liquid silver
                                                                     Hg
                                                              Atomic mass: 200.6
 ICSC # 0056
 CAS # 7439-97-6
 RTECS # OV4550000
 UN #    2809
 EC #    080-001-00-0
   TYPES OF
                             ACUTE HAZARDS/                                                                                    FIRST AID/
    HAZARD/                                                                   PREVENTION
                               SYMPTOMS                                                                                      FIRE FIGHTING
   EXPOSURE
                       Not combustible. Gives off irritating                                                        In case of fire in the surroundings:
       FIRE            or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.                                                         use appropriate extinguishing media.
                       Risk of fire and explosion.                                                                  In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool
  EXPLOSION                                                                                                         by spraying with water.
                                                                   STRICT HYGIENE! AVOID     IN ALL CASES CONSULT A
                                                                   EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT)    DOCTOR!
   EXPOSURE                                                        WOMEN! AVOID EXPOSURE OF
                                                                   ADOLESCENTS AND CHILDREN!

                       Abdominal pain. Cough. Diarrhoea. Local exhaust or breathing protection. Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration if
 •INHALATION           Shortness of breath. Vomiting. Fever                                     indicated. Refer for medical attention.
                       or elevated body temperature.
                       MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness.                   Protective gloves. Protective clothing. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse
 •SKIN                                                                                                     and then wash skin with water and
                                                                                                           soap. Refer for medical attention.
                                                                   Face shield, or eye protection in                First rinse with plenty of water for
                                                                   combination with breathing                       several minutes (remove contact
 •EYES
                                                                   protection.                                      lenses if easily possible), then take to
                                                                                                                    a doctor.
                                                                   Do not eat, drink, or smoke during               Refer for medical attention.
 •INGESTION
                                                                   work. Wash hands before eating.

        SPILLAGE DISPOSAL                                          STORAGE                                    PACKAGING & LABELLING
 Evacuate danger area in case of a large spill! Provision to contain effluent from fire                    Special material. Do not transport with food
 Consult an expert! Ventilation. Collect        extinguishing. Separated from food and                     and feedstuffs.
 leaking and spilled liquid in sealable non-    feedstuffs . Well closed.                                  T symbol
 metallic containers as far as possible. Do                                                                N symbol
 NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this                                                                 R: 23-33-50/53
 chemical enter the environment. Chemical                                                                  S: 1/2-7-45-60-61
 protection suit including self-contained                                                                  UN Hazard Class: 8
 breathing apparatus.                                                                                      UN Packing Group: III
                                            SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
                                           Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the
 ICSC: 0056                                European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the
                                           OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                 Page 2 of 2


                       International Chemical Safety Cards
MERCURY                                                                                                                         ICSC: 0056

           I             PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:                                ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
                         ODOURLESS, HEAVY AND MOBILE SILVERY                        The substance can be absorbed into the body by
          M              LIQUID METAL.                                              inhalation of its vapour and through the skin , also as a
                                                                                    vapour!
           P             PHYSICAL DANGERS:
                                                                                    INHALATION RISK:
           O                                                                        A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very
                         CHEMICAL DANGERS:                                          quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.
           R             Upon heating, toxic fumes are formed. Reacts violently
                         with ammonia and halogens causing fire and explosion EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
           T             hazard. Attacks aluminium and many other metals        The substance is irritating to the skin. Inhalation of the
                         forming amalgams.                                      vapours may cause pneumonitis. The substance may
           A                                                                    cause effects on the central nervous systemandkidneys.
                         OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:                          The effects may be delayed. Medical observation is
           N             TLV: 0.025 mg/m³ as TWA; (skin); A4; BEI issued;       indicated.
                         (ACGIH 2004).
           T             MAK: 0.1 mg/m³; Sh;                                    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED
                         Peak limitation category: II(8); Carcinogen category:  EXPOSURE:
                         3B;                                                    The substance may have effects on the central nervous
           D             (DFG 2003).                                            system and kidneys , resulting in irritability, emotional
                         NIOSH REL: Hg Vapor: TWA 0.05 mg/m3 skinOther: instability, tremor, mental and memory disturbances,
           A                                                                    speech disorders. May cause inflammation and
                         C 0.1 mg/m3 skin
                                                 3 (as Hg)                      discoloration of the gums. Danger of cumulative effects.
           T             NIOSH IDLH: 10 mg/m                                    Animal tests show that this substance possibly causes
                                                                                    toxic effects upon human reproduction.
           A
                         Boiling point: 357°C                                       Vapour pressure, Pa at 20°C: 0.26
                         Melting point: -39°C                                       Relative vapour density (air = 1): 6.93
     PHYSICAL
                         Relative density (water = 1): 13.5                         Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air =
    PROPERTIES
                         Solubility in water:                                       1): 1.009
                         none
               The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. In the food chain important to humans,
 ENVIRONMENTAL
               bioaccumulation takes place, specifically in fish.
      DATA

                                                                 NOTES
 Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated. No odour warning if toxic concentrations are present. Do
 NOT take working clothes home.
                                                                                     Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-80GC9-II+III

                                                    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


 ICSC: 0056                                                                                                                   MERCURY
                                                              (C) IPCS, CEC, 1994


                     Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible
                     for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review
  IMPORTANT
                     Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject.
     LEGAL
                     The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only
    NOTICE:
                     modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH
                     values.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0004.html




           NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
  Acetone                                                                                       CAS 67-64-1


  (CH3)2CO                                                                                      RTECS AL3150000

  Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                        DOT ID & Guide
                                                                                                1090 127
  Dimethyl ketone, Ketone propane, 2-Propanone

  Exposure                         NIOSH REL: TWA 250 ppm (590 mg/m3)

  Limits                           OSHA PEL†: TWA 1000 ppm (2400 mg/m3)

  IDLH 2500 ppm [10%LEL] See: 67641                              Conversion 1 ppm = 2.38 mg/m3

  Physical Description
  Colorless liquid with a fragrant, mint-like odor.
  MW: 58.1                         BP: 133°F                     FRZ: -140°F                    Sol: Miscible
  VP: 180 mmHg                     IP: 9.69 eV                                                  Sp.Gr: 0.79
  Fl.P: 0°F                        UEL: 12.8%                    LEL: 2.5%
  Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73°F and BP at or above 100°F.
  Incompatibilities & Reactivities
  Oxidizers, acids

  Measurement Methods
  NIOSH 1300, 3800; OSHA 69
  See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

  Personal Protection & Sanitation                               First Aid (See procedures)
  Skin: Prevent skin contact                                     Eye: Irrigate immediately
  Eyes: Prevent eye contact                                      Skin: Soap wash immediately
  Wash skin: When contaminated                                   Breathing: Respiratory support
  Remove: When wet (flammable)                                   Swallow: Medical attention immediately
  Change: No recommendation

  Important additional information about respirator selection
  Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
  Up to 2500 ppm: (APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 25) Any powered,
  air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*/(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask)
  with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*/(APF = 50) Any
  self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
  Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained
  breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF
  = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-
  pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
  Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted
  organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
  Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
  Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose, throat; headache, dizziness, central nervous system depression; dermatitis
  Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system

  See also: INTRODUCTION See ICSC CARD: 0087 See MEDICAL TESTS: 0002

                              NIOSH Home | NIOSH Search | Site Index | Topic List | Contact Us
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0087.html




              International Chemical Safety Cards
  ACETONE                                                                                                   ICSC: 0087




                                                  2-Propanone
                                                 Dimethyl ketone
                                                  Methyl ketone
                                               C3H6O / CH3COCH3
                                               Molecular mass: 58.1
  ICSC # 0087
  CAS # 67-64-1
  RTECS # AL3150000
  UN #    1090
  EC #    606-001-00-8
   TYPES OF
                      ACUTE HAZARDS/                                                           FIRST AID/
    HAZARD/                                                PREVENTION
                        SYMPTOMS                                                             FIRE FIGHTING
   EXPOSURE
                   Highly flammable.                NO open flames, NO sparks, and Powder, alcohol-resistant foam,
       FIRE                                         NO smoking.                    water in large amounts, carbon
                                                                                   dioxide.
                   Vapour/air mixtures are          Closed system, ventilation,     In case of fire: keep drums, etc.,
                   explosive.                       explosion-proof electrical      cool by spraying with water.
   EXPLOSION                                        equipment and lighting. Do NOT
                                                    use compressed air for filling,
                                                    discharging, or handling.
   EXPOSURE
               Sore throat. Cough. Confusion.       Ventilation, local exhaust, or      Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical
   •INHALATION Headache. Dizziness.                 breathing protection.               attention.
               Drowsiness. Unconsciousness.
                   Dry skin.                        Protective gloves.                  Remove contaminated clothes.
   •SKIN                                                                                Rinse skin with plenty of water
                                                                                        or shower.
                   Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.   Safety spectacles, or face shield. First rinse with plenty of water
                   Possible corneal damage.         Contact lenses should not be       for several minutes (remove
   •EYES
                                                    worn.                              contact lenses if easily possible),
                                                                                       then take to a doctor.
                   Nausea. Vomiting. (Further see   Do not eat, drink, or smoke         Rinse mouth. Refer for medical
   •INGESTION
                   Inhalation).                     during work.                        attention.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0087.html



                                                                                                        PACKAGING &
      SPILLAGE DISPOSAL                                  STORAGE
                                                                                                         LABELLING
  Ventilation. Collect leaking liquid in Fireproof. Separated from strong
  sealable containers. Absorb remaining oxidants.                                            F symbol
  liquid in sand or inert absorbent and                                                      R: 11
  remove to safe place. Do NOT wash                                                          S: 2-9-16-23-33
  away into sewer. Then wash away with                                                       UN Hazard Class: 3
  plenty of water. (Extra personal                                                           UN Packing Group: II
  protection: self-contained breathing
  apparatus).
                                   SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
                                     Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the
   ICSC: 0087                        Commission of the European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 2002. No modifications to the International version
                                     have been made except to add the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.



                International Chemical Safety Cards
  ACETONE                                                                                                                   ICSC: 0087

            I            PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:                              ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
                         COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH                                 The substance can be absorbed into the body by
           M             CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.                                    inhalation and through the skin.

            P            PHYSICAL DANGERS:                                        INHALATION RISK:
                         The vapour is heavier than air and may travel            A harmful contamination of the air can be
           O             along the ground; distant ignition possible.             reached rather quickly on evaporation of this
                                                                                  substance at 20°C on dispersing however much
           R             CHEMICAL DANGERS:                                        faster.
                         The substance can form explosive peroxides on
            T            contact with strong oxidants such as acetic acid,        EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
                         nitric acid, hydrogen peroxide. Reacts with              The vapour irritates the eyes and the respiratory
           A             chloroform and bromoform under basic                     tract. The substance may cause effects on the
                         conditions, causing fire and explosion hazard.           central nervous system, liver, kidneys and
           N             Attacks plastic.                                         gastrointestinal tract.

            T            OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:                            EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR
                         TLV: 750 ppm; 1780 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1993-                    REPEATED EXPOSURE:
                         1993).                                                   Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may
           D             OSHA PEL: TWA 1000 ppm (2400 mg/m3)                      cause dermatitis. The substance may have
                         NIOSH REL: TWA 250 ppm (590 mg/m3)                       effects on the blood and bone marrow.
           A
                         NIOSH IDLH: 2500 ppm LEL
            T

           A
                         Boiling point: 56°C                                      Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at
                         Melting point: -95°C                                     20°C (air = 1): 1.2
                         Relative density (water = 1): 0.8                        Flash point: -18°C c.c.
      PHYSICAL
                         Solubility in water: miscible                            Auto-ignition temperature: 465°C
     PROPERTIES
                         Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 24                         Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.2-13
                         Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.0                   Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: -
                                                                                  0.24
  ENVIRONMENTAL
       DATA
                                                           NOTES
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0087.html


  Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect.
                                                                                  Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-30
                                                                                             NFPA Code: H 1; F 3; R 0;.

                                            ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


   ICSC: 0087                                                                                               ACETONE
                                                      (C) IPCS, CEC, 2002


                     Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the
                     IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the
   IMPORTANT
                     collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed
      LEGAL
                     requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the
     NOTICE:
                     cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only modifications made to produce the
                     U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards                                                                                        Page 1 of 1



                   NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
                                                                                                         CAS 110-54-3
 n-Hexane
 CH3[CH2]4CH3                                                                                            RTECS MN9275000

 Synonyms & Trade Names                                                                                  DOT ID & Guide
                                                                                                         1208 128
 Hexane, Hexyl hydride, normal-Hexane

                                      NIOSH REL: TWA 50 ppm (180 mg/m3)
 Exposure
 Limits                               OSHA PEL†: TWA 500 ppm (1800 mg/m3)

 IDLH 1100 ppm [10%LEL] See: 110543                                   Conversion 1 ppm = 3.53 mg/m3

 Physical Description
 Colorless liquid with a gasoline-like odor.
 MW: 86.2                             BP: 156°F                       FRZ: -219°F                        Sol: 0.002%
 VP: 124 mmHg                         IP: 10.18 eV                                                       Sp.Gr: 0.66
 Fl.P: -7°F                           UEL: 7.5%                       LEL: 1.1%
 Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73°F and BP at or above 100°F.
 Incompatibilities & Reactivities
 Strong oxidizers

 Measurement Methods
 NIOSH 1500, 3800; OSHA 7
 See: NMAM or OSHA Methods

 Personal Protection & Sanitation                                     First Aid (See procedures)
 Skin: Prevent skin contact                                           Eye: Irrigate immediately
 Eyes: Prevent eye contact                                            Skin: Soap wash immediately
 Wash skin: When contaminated                                         Breathing: Respiratory support
 Remove: When wet (flammable)                                         Swallow: Medical attention immediately
 Change: No recommendation

 Important additional information about respirator selection
 Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
 Up to 500 ppm: (APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
 Up to 1100 ppm: (APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode*/(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing
 apparatus with a full facepiece/(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
 Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator
 that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-
 contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
 Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor
 canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
 Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
 Symptoms Irritation eyes, nose; nausea, headache; peripheral neuropathy: numb extremities, muscle weakness; dermatitis; dizziness;
 chemical pneumonitis (aspiration liquid)
 Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, peripheral nervous system

 See also: INTRODUCTION See ICSC CARD: 0279 See MEDICAL TESTS: 0114


                                      NIOSH Home | NIOSH Search | Site Index | Topic List | Contact Us
International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                                   Page 1 of 2



                       International Chemical Safety Cards
n-HEXANE                                                                                                                                          ICSC: 0279




                                                              Hexyl hydride
                                                                  C6H14
                                                            Molecular mass: 86.2
 ICSC # 0279
 CAS # 110-54-3
 RTECS # MN9275000
 UN #    1208
 EC #    601-037-00-0
   TYPES OF
                             ACUTE HAZARDS/                                                                                    FIRST AID/
    HAZARD/                                                                   PREVENTION
                               SYMPTOMS                                                                                      FIRE FIGHTING
   EXPOSURE
                       Highly flammable.                           NO open flames, NO sparks, and NO Powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide.
        FIRE                                                       smoking.
                       Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.          Closed system, ventilation, explosion- In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool
                                                                   proof electrical equipment and         by spraying with water.
  EXPLOSION                                                        lighting. Do NOT use compressed air
                                                                   for filling, discharging, or handling.
                                                                   Use non-sparking handtools.

   EXPOSURE
                       Dizziness. Drowsiness. Dullness.            Ventilation, local exhaust, or                   Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical
 •INHALATION           Headache. Nausea. Weakness.                 breathing protection.                            attention.
                       Unconsciousness.
                       Dry skin. Redness. Pain.                    Protective gloves.                               Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse
 •SKIN                                                                                                              and then wash skin with water and
                                                                                                                    soap. Refer for medical attention.
                       Redness. Pain.                              Safety goggles, face shield, or eye              First rinse with plenty of water for
                                                                   protection in combination with                   several minutes (remove contact
 •EYES
                                                                   breathing protection.                            lenses if easily possible), then take to
                                                                                                                    a doctor.
                       Abdominal pain. (Further see                Do not eat, drink, or smoke during               Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce
 •INGESTION            Inhalation).                                work.                                            vomiting. Rest. Refer for medical
                                                                                                                    attention.

        SPILLAGE DISPOSAL                                          STORAGE                                    PACKAGING & LABELLING
 Consult an expert! Remove all ignition          Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants.
 sources. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in Well closed.                                               F symbol
 sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb                                                            Xn symbol
 remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent                                                               N symbol
 and remove to safe place. Do NOT wash                                                                     R: 11-38-48/20-51/53-62-65-67
 away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical                                                                 S: 2-9-16-29-33-36/37-61-62
 enter the environment. (Extra personal                                                                    UN Hazard Class: 3
 protection: filter respirator for organic gases                                                           UN Packing Group: II
 and vapours).
                                            SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
                                           Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the
 ICSC: 0279                                European Communities (C) IPCS CEC 1994. No modifications to the International version have been made except to add the
                                           OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH values.
International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO)                                                                                Page 2 of 2



                      International Chemical Safety Cards
n-HEXANE                                                                                                                       ICSC: 0279

           I             PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:                                ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
                         VOLATILE COLOURLESS LIQUID , WITH                          The substance can be absorbed into the body by
          M              CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.                                      inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.

           P             PHYSICAL DANGERS:                                       INHALATION RISK:
                         The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the A harmful contamination of the air can be reached
           O             ground; distant ignition possible.                      rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.

           R             CHEMICAL DANGERS:                                          EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
                         Reacts with strong oxidants causing fire and explosion     The substance irritates the skin. Swallowing the liquid
           T             hazard. Attacks some plastics, rubber and coatings.        may cause aspiration into the lungs with the risk of
                                                                                    chemical pneumonitis. Exposure at high levels could
           A             OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS:                              cause lowering of consciousness.
                         TLV: 50 ppm, 176 mg/m³ as TWA; (skin); (ACGIH
           N             1999).                                                     EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED
                         OSHA PEL: TWA 500 ppm (1800 mg/m3)                         EXPOSURE:
           T                                                                        Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause
                         NIOSH REL: TWA 50 ppm (180 mg/m3)
                         NIOSH IDLH: 1100 ppm LEL                                   dermatitis. The substance may have effects on the
                                                                                    central nervous system and especially peripheral
           D                                                                        nervous system , resulting in polyneuropathy. Animal
                                                                                    tests show that this substance possibly causes toxic
           A                                                                        effects upon human reproduction.

           T

           A
                         Boiling point: 69°C                                        Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air =
                         Melting point: -95°C                                       1): 1.3
                         Relative density (water = 1): 0.7                          Flash point:
     PHYSICAL
                         Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C: 0.0013              -22°C c.c.
    PROPERTIES
                         Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 17                           Auto-ignition temperature: 225°C
                         Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.0                     Explosive limits, vol% in air: 1.1-7.5
                                                                                    Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 3.9
                        The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms.
 ENVIRONMENTAL
      DATA

                                                                 NOTES
 Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is indicated.
                                                                                                   Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-503
                                                                                                                NFPA Code: H 1; F 3; R 0;

                                                    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


 ICSC: 0279                                                                                                                  n-HEXANE
                                                              (C) IPCS, CEC, 1994


                     Neither NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of NIOSH, the CEC or the IPCS is responsible
                     for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review
  IMPORTANT
                     Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject.
     LEGAL
                     The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use. The only
    NOTICE:
                     modifications made to produce the U.S. version is inclusion of the OSHA PELs, NIOSH RELs and NIOSH IDLH
                     values.
             The Louis     Berger Group, Inc.
                                                Site-Specific Health & Safety Plan




                                                    APPENDIX E
     • TAILGATE SAFETY MEETING FORM




Draft - Confidential and Client Privileged
             The Louis     Berger Group, Inc.
                                                                                    Site-Specific Health & Safety Plan



                                             Tailgate Safety Meeting Form
Project Name:                                                   Project Number:
Project Location:                                               Client:
Project Manager:                                              Field Team Leader:
                                                  Today’s Tasks/Activities:




                                             Potential Chemical/Physical Hazards:




                                               Personal Protective Equipment:




                               Work Permits Required: Air Monitoring Instruments:




                                                  Site Personnel Signatures:




Safety Officer (signature and date):                            Field Team Leader (signature and date):




Draft - Confidential and Client Privileged

				
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