The National Folk Museum of Korea Annual Report by elemnopey

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									The National Folk Museum of Korea
                    Annual Report   2008
Vision of the National Folk Museum of Korea


Vision       • To be a museum that relates to the world through creative understanding of folk culture
Direction    • Culture + Technology • Education + Entertainment • Global + Local • Ecology + Museum
Strategies   • To build an information center that preserves, transmits and develops traditional as well
               as modern cultural artifacts
             • To be a museum that serves as a lifetime learning center that creatively researches,
               exhibits and educates
             • To network with other museums to promote global cultural understanding and cooperation




Contents



Message from the Director                                                                            05

Renewal of Permanent Exhibition                                                                      06

Special Exhibition                                                                                   08

Children’s Museum                                                                                    10

Research                                                                                             12

Publishing                                                                                           14

Collecting Artifacts                                                                                 16

Folk Archive                                                                                         18

Conservation                                                                                         20

Education                                                                                            22

Performances & Events                                                                                24

International Exchanges                                                                              26

Regional Projects                                                                                    28

Network of Museums                                                                                   30

About the NFMK                                                                                       32
History of the NFMK                                                                                  33

Plans for 2009                                                                                       34
Traditional Totem Stone Pole (Namwon, Jeonbuk Province)
Korean Percussion Ensemble
MESSAGE FROM THE DIRECTOR




Museum that finds           Today becomes yesterday and traditions change almost in the blink of the eye. With our way of life in constant flux, treasuring
                            what has passed is of vital importance as our experiences and memories are relegated to memory. Yet we must also welcome
                            with an open heart what the future brings. Our museum facilitates remembrance of the past for it in itself contains the relics
life through folklore       and impressions of other eras, yet through encountering such memories at the National Folk Museum of Korea(NFMK) we may
                            also be enlightened about our current way of life.


                            At the NFMK in 2008 we were fully occupied with work in a number of different areas: the preservation of artifacts, research and
                            hosting of exhibitions; not to mention academic exchanges and educational forums. We collected material on folk customs from
                            both a small village in Kyungbuk province and downtown Seoul as the city faced redevelopment. We also reported on the
                            changing traditions of China’s outback alongside our activities of bringing to life the ways of our ancestors.


                            The memories of 2008 pass before me: the sunburned faces of museum staff conducting field work with rural people; trying to
                            Hyojagak(Memorial Pavilion for the Filial Son); Relocated from Chunbok Buan countless nights spent awake trying to renew
                            the permanent exhibition. Making an exhibition for children about the story of Simchung; signing the memorandom of
                            understanding the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography(Russian Museum); a sports day for children on
                            children’s day; these are the unforgettable memories of 2008.


                            This report could not cover in full detail all the projects undertaken by the NFMK. However I would like to point out that
                            throughout 2008 the smooth functioning of the museum owed greatly to the endeavors of all our staff. So much invaluable work
                            must be noted; including that of those dedicated people who maintain and protect the facilities, take care of the grounds,
                            prevent accidents and provide valuable information to guests.


                            The efforts of 2008 plant the seed of tomorrow’s growth. All of us at the NFMK remain firmly committed to ensuring the museum
                            remains a vibrant forum enabling yesteryear’s traditions to live anew tomorrow. We look forward to seeing you in 2009!



                                                                                 SHIN Kwangseop
                                                                                 Director General
                                                                                 The NFMK of Korea




                                                                                                                                      The NFMK Annual Report 2008   ● 05
 Spring   Summer




Autumn     Winter
RENEWAL OF PERMANENT EXHIBITION




Spring, Summer, Autumn,                   In January of 2009 the museum reopened an exhibition hall dedicated to daily life throughout
                                          the four seasons in the Joseon Dynasty. The result of two years of preparation, this exhibition
                                          portrays agricultural life throughout the course of the year. The exhibition is the result of

Winter, Marketplace -                     extensive consultation with external professionals and casual visitors; staff and advisors.
                                          After further consultation and a public hearing we established the new exhibition space.

immersion in the daily lives of Koreans   The hall is divided into five main sections: one for each of the four seasons and one for the
                                          traditional marketplace, which in some sense brings together all the activities of the year.
                                          Although the exhibition is dedicated primarily to the late Joseon period, it also features some
                                          relics of the modern age.

                                          With the first signs of spring, people would hold a village ritual to pray for health and a good
                                          harvest in the year ahead. They would fertilize the fields with manure and plough in
                                          preparation for planting. Come summer, work would commence under a hot sun to tend the
                                          crops, with some river fishing as a respite from the heat. Autumn was time for the work of
                                          the previous seasons to bear fruit as the harvest took
                                          place. Villagers would then observe a ceremony to thank
                                          the ancestors for the crop. Winter had its own tasks;
                                          storing the crops and ensuring there was ample seed for
                                          the next season.

                                          At the marketplace, as well as exchanging goods, people
                                          would gather to gossip and swap tales, sensing the
                                          fullness of time as the seasons came full circle bearing
                                          their bounty once again.

                                                                                                              Miniature Iron Guardian Horse
                                          PERMANENT EXHIBITS
                                          Location             Subject                             Area(m2)                Reopening

                                          Exhibition Ⅰ         History of the Korean People             863                Dec. 2007

                                          Exhibition Ⅱ         The Korean Way of Life                 1,512                Jan. 2009
                                          Exhibition Ⅲ         Life Cycle of Koreans                  1,735                Jun. 2006

Marketplace
                                                                                                                 The NFMK Annual Report 2008   ● 07
Special Exhibition: 60th Anniversary of the Republic of Korea - Moments of Suffering and Glory
SPECIAL EXHIBITIONS




An abundance of exhibitions


                                                                                            Amid the imposing forms of the mountains, rivers and open fields nestle in perfect harmony.
                                                                                            The root of all tranquility must come from living close to Mother Nature. Life’s daily
                                                                                            implements are rendered ephemeral and insignificant against the beauty of the changing
                                                                                            seasons.

                                                                                            In 2008 the NFMK opened 13 special exhibitions featuring an unparalleled variety of artifacts.
                                                                                            This breadth of special exhibitions was unmatched by other permanent exhibitions and gave
                                                                                            visitors the chance to see the multifaceted richness of Korean culture. The special exhibitions
                                                                                            at the NFMK in 2008 were as follows.


                                                                                            THE MAIN SPECIAL EXHIBITIONS AT THE NFMK IN 2008
The Colors of Culture:                       Memories through the Years: a Farmer’s Story
                                                                                            Location                Subject                                                               Time
The Best Of Korean Culture In 100 Icons
                                                                                            Special Exhibition II A Special Exhibition in the Year of the Rat                             Dec.14.2007- Feb.25.2008
                                                                                            Special Exhibition I    The Colors Of Culture: The Best Of Korean Culture In 100 Icons        Jan.30 - Mar.17
                                                                                                                    Special Exhibition Commemorating the 60th Anniversary
                                                                                            Special Exhibition I                                                                          Jul.29 - Sep.15
                                                                                                                    of the Republic of Korea: Moments of Suffering and Glory
                                                                                            Special Exhibition II The Beauty of Korean Tradition Maedeup (Decorative Knots)               Oct.8 - 27
                                                                                            Special Exhibition I    Memories through the Years: a Farmer’s Story                          Nom.19 - Dec.22
                                                                                            Special Exhibition II A Special Exhibition in the Year of the Ox                              Dec.24.2008 - Mar.2.2009
                                                                                            Special Exhibition II 100 years of Gisaeng: Understanding Gisaeng Through Postcards           Jun.18 - Jul.10
                                                                                            Special Exhibition II Memory, Recording and Story of Life                                     Oct.1 - Nom.3
                                                                                                                    Passed Times and Forgotten Memories:
                                                                                            Special Exhibition II                                                                         Oct.15 - Nom.17
                                                                                                                    Photography by KIM Haksoo
A Special Exhibition in the Year of the Ox   100 years of Gisaeng:
                                             Understanding Gisaeng through Postcards


                                                                                                                                                                                     The NFMK Annual Report 2008   ● 09
Reincarnation of Shimchung a Lotus Flower (Illustration by LEE Oukyung)
THE CHILDREN’S MUSEUM




                                                                              The children’s museum opened in December 2008, with the aim of letting kids learn about the
                                                                              life of our ancestors through the folk tale of Shimchung. After a preparatory period of one
                                                                              year in which we pondered deeply the best way to allow kids to explore and experience our
                                                                              cultural history, we settled on the popular folk tale of Shimchung as the main theme. In order
                                                                              to make the exhibition suitable for children we chose LEE Oukyoung’s works as most capable
                                                                              of creating a harmonious and attractive exhibition place.


“Like the newly born Shimchung”                                               The story of Shimchung tells of a young girl whose mother dies soon after she is born. Her
                                                                              blind father raises her alone. One day, while walking out alone, her father stumbled and fell
                                                                              into the stream. A buddhist monk who was passing by quickly rescued him. The monk said if
 The Children’s Museum                                                        he offered 300 seoks of rice to Buddha, he shall recover from the blindness. Her father
                                                                              promise to offer the rice but he couldn't keep the promise. To restore and keep the promise
                                                                              of her father Shimchung offers herself to the captain of a sea ship as a sacrifice to the Sea
                                                                              Dragon King in exchange for money to buy the rice for her father. She is received with great
                                                                              ceremony by the Sea Dragon King after jumping overboard to quiet a storm, but after
                                                                              learning her father’s site has not been restored she begs to return to the land. The Sea King
                                                                              places her in a lotus flower and sends her floating to the surface. After a long and arduous
                                                                              search she finally reunites with her father. His site is restored in his joy at finding her alive.
                                                                              And every blind who were there suddenly restore their sight.

                                                                              There are many intriguing corners for children to explore in this exhibition, which allows them
                                                                              to follow Shimchung through all her adventures. They can experience traditional ironing;
                                                                              wonder at how it must have been for Shimchung to fall in the Indang Sea at the special
                                                                              rocking boat (the fish in the sea even delight children by reacting to the movement of visitors)
                                                                              and enjoy the online puzzle that allows them to search for Shimchung’s father.




   Children’s Museum Opening Ceremony   Returning to Life in a Lotus Flower   Looking for Shimbongsa                            Experiencing Traditional Ironing


                                                                                                                                                     The NFMK Annual Report 2008   ● 11
Fieldwork in Kyungbuk Province: Youngduck
FIELDWORK




                       Urban Folkways Research: Jungreung 3-Dong   Kyungbuk Folk Research: Deayool-Ri
                                                                                                                      Marriage Customs of Chinese Minorities:




                                                                   “People from different hometowns, with different lines of work: they all settle down at
                                                                   Jeungreung-Gol. Liking the air, liking the atmosphere, in no time they become “natives” of the
                                                                   area, unable to think of moving to any other neighborhood 33years. It’s the age of the SKY
                                                                   apartment.”Jeung-reung ‘Baebatgol’, where five apartment blocks were built in 1969, has
                                                                   become well known in the media for its redevelopment and was the site for our urban folk
                                                                   research in 2008.

                                                                   While folk research begins with the customs of farming and fishing villages, research has
Recording vanishing ways of life                                   expanded into cities as Korea faces massive and rapid industrialization and urbanization.
                                                                   Through this investigation it is possible to not only capture the fragments of old traditions but
                                                                   see how folk customs meet the future as the country develops.

                                                                   In addition to these activities, the NFMK conducted a range of scientific research in 2008. We
                                                                   continued the regional folk year project, conducted close field research in two villages,
                                                                   extended our investigations in one “Ri(a small unit of village)” of Kyungbuk Province etc. In
                                                                   addition, we expanded our research to cover the marriage ceremonies of China.


                                                                   MAJOR RESEARCH PROJECTS IN 2008
                                                                   Project Name                Region Under Study                                  Project Duration
                                                                   Urban Folkways Research     Sungbuk-Gu Jungreung 3-Dong, Seoul                  Jan - Dec.2008
                                                                                               Youngduk-Gun Chuksan-Myun Kyungjung 1-Ri
                                                                   Kyungbuk Folk Research                                                          Jan.- Dec.2008
                                                                                               Kunwi-Kun Bugye-Myun Daeyool-Ri
                                                                   Marriage Customs of         Ryocheong , Rungseong, Ssanjang(Kwangsi Province)
                                                                                                                                                   Jan.- Aug.2008
                                                                   Chinese Minorities          Urumchi(Shinjang Province) China



                                                                                                                                           The NFMK Annual Report 2008   ● 13
Publications in 2008
PUBLISHING


                                                                                                   Report on Urban Folk Customs
                                                                                                   • Change, Sympathy, Understanding
                                                                                                   • Report on Urban Folk Customs in Jungreung 3-Dong
                                                                                                   • The Story of Couple KIM Jongho and KIM Boksoon’s Possessions
                                                                                                   • Jungreung 3-Dong Report into Daily Necessities of Life

Broadening the understanding of                                                                    Report on Research into Jeonbuk Folklore
                                                                                                   • Ploughing a Field on the Mountain Slopes

folklore customs through the publishing                                                            • The Reason for Living on Reclaimed Tidal Flats
                                                                                                   • The Story of Ohmok’s Family
                                                                                                   • The Livelihood of Couple KANG Kongjin and KIM Youngman

of Academic research                                                                               • Volumes 1-5 on Jeonbuk’s Folklore: Times of Maternal Affection, The Music of Jeonbuk Enthusiasm and
                                                                                                    Charm, Discovering Jeonbuk’s Food Culture through Beans, The Story of Rice Farming on Honnam Plains,
                                                                                                    A Change of View in Jeonbuk Province: Coastal Land Reclamation

                                                                                                   Exhibition Publications
                                                                                                   • The Colors of Culture: The Best of Korean Culture in 100 Icons
                                                                                                   • Special Exhibition: The 60th Anniversary of the Republic of Korea: Moments of Suffering and Glory
                                                                                                   • A Special Exhibition in the Year of the Ox: A Unique Partnership in Korean Culture
                                                                                                   • 100 Years of Gisaeng: Understanding Gisaeng through Postcards
                                                                                                   • Memories through the Year: A Farmer’s Story
                                                                                                   • Photography of KIM Haksoo: Passed Times and Forgotten Memories
                                                                                                   • The Beauty of Korean Tradition Maedeup (Decorative Knots)

                                                                                                   Academic Journals
                                                                                                   • Korean Journal of Folk Studies (Vol. 22, 23)
                                                                                                   • Journal of Living Material Studies (Vol. 22, 23)
                                                                                                   • International Journal of Intangible Heritage (Vol. 3)
                                                                                                   • Korea Folk and Japanese Folklore (IV)

                                                                                                   Research Publications
                                                                                                   • Memory, Records, Stories of Life: an Investigation into a Single Lifetime
“In order to ensure comprehensive reports based on first-hand understanding of the areas           • Korean Military Arts History Document Series 14: Initiation into the Judiciary
under investigation, we walked the rice paddies and tideland of Shimpo-Ri without rest and         • Korean Military Arts History Document Series 15: Archery of the Joseon Era
suffered sunburned faces picking and drying chillies with the tough residents of Bukchang-         • The Weddings of Chinese Minorities
                                                                                                   • A Comprehensive Catalogue of Korean Breadwinner Items
Ri. As a result of this dedicated long-term fieldwork in 2008 we could publish ethorography
                                                                                                   • Homesick, Dal-Ri, 1936
of Shimpo-Ri and Bukchang-Ri.”                                                                     • Hygiene in a Joseon Farming Village
                                                                                                   • Museums and Pest Management
The NFMK publishes a variety of scientific journals dedicated to scientific research every year,   • A Six-Year Field Survey of Seasonal Customs
In 2008, we published a journal detailing the folk customs of Jeonbuk to commemorate the           • Photo Album Donated by KIM Jaehong: Construction on Ideal Myung-Dong Land

year of Jeonbuk Folklore, along with our fieldworks into urban folk traditions. We published
                                                                                                   Other Books
an exhibition catalogue to give visitors a deeper and more comprehensive view of our exhibits,     • The Annual Report of the NFMK 2007
as well as introducing academic papers from both home and abroad through our three                 • The NFMK Newsletter Jan.- Dec.
different journals. To increase understanding of Korean folklore and traditions we also            • Calendar of Folk Craft
published a monthly newsletter for distribution nationally and internationally.                    • Korean Folk Performance Leaflet for Visitors

                                                                                                                                                                                      The NFMK Annual Report 2008   ● 15
Hyojagak, Memorial Pavilion for the Filial Son(Relocated from Jeonbok Province; Buan)
COLLECTING ARTIFACTS




                                                                The NFMK extended its collection of vanishing folk materials in 2008 in order to lay the
                                                                foundation for further study, educational activities and exhibitions, and to reflect the modern
                                                                age and the nation’s recent history. In addition we aimed to ensure our collection process
Extending our collection                                        followed a completely transparent and rational process open to professional examiners and
                                                                including the conducting of public hearings. Through this process we collected 392 forms of
                                                                folk material and 2201 concrete items during 2008. We were also donated 2932 items by a
                                                                range of generous patrons in 2008, after having planned the collection of modern relics since
                                                                2007.




                                                                                                                                                 Three-tiered Wardrobe with Pearl Ornament


                                                                    DONORS(2008)                                                                          NFMK COLLECTIONS
                                                                    JIN Dongkyun                                      KIM Youngjoon
                                                                                                                                                          Categories                                 Items
                                                                    HUH Won                                           KOH Jongho
                                                                    KIM Kabshik                                       CHOI Jongjin                        Folk Materials                            74,523
                                                                    HUH Woosang                                       LEE Eunju                           Genealogies                                1,442
                                                                    SUH Jungyul                                       PARK Rehwook
                                 Korean's First Radio (A-501)                                                                                             SONG Seokha Collection                     1,968
                                                                    PARK Hyunsook                                     JANG Kyungmoon (SHINSEUNGKWAN)
                                                                    KIM Namjin (Family Branch of Kangreung KIM)       LEE Sangjin                         Funeral Streamers                              776
                                                                    JUNG Yongho                                       KIM Joonho                          Japanese Artifacts                         2,906
                                                                    JIN Byungkab                                      LEE Taehee
                                                                    KOMURA Susumu                                     WHANG Bomyung
                                                                                                                                                          Reference Data                             3,536
                                                                    SHIN Youngsu                                      KIM Haoedo                          President PARK Chunghee Memorabilia 487
                                                                    JIN Byungdon                                      SUN Sungkyu (LEE Okja)
                                                                                                                                                          President RHEE Seungman Memorabilia             14
                                                                    LEE Jusaeng                                       HWANG Inok
                                                                    LEE Kwanho                                        YANG Kyungrim (Shingae 1-Ri)        Traditional Arts & Crafts                      964
                                                                    HONG Sungnam                                      LEE Hujin                           World Cup Memorabilia                      2,628
                                                                    HUH Chul, HUH Taek (Family Branch of Taein HUH)   KIM Juho
                                                                    PARK Sunghee                                                                          ASPAC Donation                                 101
                                                                                                                      LEE Heejang
                                                                    KIM Myungho                                       SON Kyungja                         Total                                     89,345



                                                                                                                                                                           The NFMK Annual Report 2008   ● 17
Bridal Robe(Donated by SON Kyungja)
Folklore Archive Picture Collection
FOLKLORE ARCHIVES




Preserving Memories




            The NFMK’s Folklore Archives are dedicated to examining, collecting and collating           FOLKLORE ARCHIVES COLLECTIONS
            information and material at home and overseas in the field of folklore, using various                       Media Type                                         Number

            media and publications. Our archivists simultaneously work to smoothly provide              Resource Room   Books, Serials                                      65,570

            information and materials to those who need them for research.                                                                    Negative                      107,451
                                                                                                                        Movie Films
                                                                                                                                              16mm                                  5

            The NFMK opened its folklore archives in 2007 to serve as a total information center.                                             Negative                           3,682
                                                                                                                        Films
            Now home to a wide range of materials related to Korean folklore, including photos,                                               Digital                       97,405

            video clips, audio material and non-book publications as well as books, the archives                        DVD                                                       272

            provide an invaluable resource to researchers. All materials are systematically                                                   CD                                 1,158

            categorized and often publicly exhibited.                                                   Archive Room                          Text on CDs                           8
                                                                                                                        CD                    CD-ROMs                             223

            The museum is collecting a variety of folklore materials at home and abroad, with the aim                                         PDF Files                             8

            of collecting one million items by 2015 and two million items by 2020 for the folklore                                            Video CDs                            66

            archives. The facility is equipped with various services for visitors and a user-friendly                                         Cassette Tapes                      315
                                                                                                                        Magnetic Tapes
            online access system, enabling easy access for anyone requiring research material. The                                            Videotapes                         1908

            archives are open to all.                                                                                   LPs (vinyl records)                                        31
                                                                                                        Total                                                              278,102



                                                                                                                                                   The NFMK Annual Report 2008   ● 19
Analyzing Artifacts for the Archives
CONSERVATION




                                                              As folk materials consist largely of items used in everyday life, they tend to be composed of wood, textiles
Scientific Analysis and                                       and paper, all of which are fragile and often bulky. Conservation and storage of them is therefore often
                                                              problematic. In order to permanently conserve folk materials that were already damaged or vulnerable to
Preservation of Artifacts                                     damage, the NFMK began building a fully equipped scientific conservation room in 2002.

                                                              In 2008, after renovating Exhibition HallⅡ, the NFMK began conservation work on 229 collections
                                                              composed of textiles, wood and metal as well as conducting a scientific investigation into the state of
                                                              2,840 collections. The NFMK then laid the groundwork for preservation treatment by analyzing the
                                                              materials of the collections and building a database of the results. Highly skilled specialists have also
                                                              regularly monitored the protection of collections by assessing air quality in exhibition halls,
                                                              implementing pest control with an integrated pest management (IPM) system and fumigating collections
                                                              along with other preventive measures twice a year.

                                                              The scientific conservation room at the NFMK is a vital national facility for preservation of folk materials.
                                                              With its expertise on preservation and conservation of the cultural resources and ability to scientifically
                                                              manage the preservation of delicate collections, the facility is set to play a role as a “practical hub,” by
                                                              providing technological assistance for the preservation of folk materials at home and abroad and training
                                                              working-level officials.


                                                                                                             PRESERVING WORKS ON COLLECTIONS IN 2008
                                                                                                             Contents                                                             No. of Items
                                                                                                             Preserving Works on Collection to be Displayed at Exhibition HallⅡ            91
                                                                                                             Preserving Works on Relics from a Shrine of LEE Jinsoong                       3
                                                                                                             Preserving Works on Maninsan (Unregistered) Donated by HAN Minkoo             25
                                                                                                             Preserving Works on Gincheon (Unregistered) Donated by JEONG Boknam           16
                                                                                                             Preserving Works on an Chinese Ancient Chronological Map (Unregistered)       23
                                                                                                             Preserving Works on Collections for a Special Exhibition「Colors of Culture」 20
                                                                                                             Preserving Works on Gyewolhyang Portrait                                       2
                                                                                                             Photographic Edition of Hongpae (18712) and others at
                                                                                                                                                                                           11
                                                                                                            「Folk Hall of Korean Culture Center in L.A.」
                                                                                                             Preserving Works on a Two-drawer Dresser (Unregistered) and others             9
                                                                                                             Preserving Works on a Wooden Pillow Jangchimmo (1174) and others               9
                                                                                                             Preserving Works on a Metal Collection Gukshimal (642) and others             18
                                                                                                             Preserving Works on Hwandudaedo (Sword)                                        2
                                                                                                             Total                                                                        229

                 Parasol Embroidered by Ten Thousand People   A Portrait of God of Mountain
                 (Maninsan)                                   (Madame Gye in the Imjin War)
                                                                                                                                                           The NFMK Annual Report 2008   ● 21
                                           Journey with the NFMK to the Folk Village




A Friend of the Museum, a Friend of Mine               Making Books in the Old Style
EDUCATION




“I want to go to the Museum Again”

                                                                                                 Education for Foreign Visitors: Making Masks               The Traveling Folk Museum




                                                                                                 NFMK EDUCATION PROGRAMS IN 2008
“For two days and one night I enjoyed such a wonderful experience. Although I had
                                                                                                 Programs                         Titles of Major Education Programs                                 No. of Prarticipant
participated in a variety of cultural activities before none touched me quite like this. I was
                                                                                                                                  Four Courses Including Folk Classes for Children
received so warmly and enthusiastically by the women and elderly residents of the village        School Extension Program                                                                                             3,190
                                                                                                                                  Embracing Our Culture; Study of Culture at the Museum
that I felt I was in my own family’s hometown. I often overate as they plied me with so much
                                                                                                                                  Eight Courses Including Friend of the Museum, Friend of Mine
delicious food at every meal.”
                                                                                                 School Vacation Program          The Beauty of Our Folk Music and the Search for Hidden                              2,947
                                                                                                                                  Patterns at the Museum
Participants in the education programs run by the museum couldn’t help but echo this
                                                                                                 Supplementary Program
sentiment. The warmth of the museum’s staff, the invigorating exposure to traditional folk                                        Education Linked with Planned Exhibition                                            1,915
                                                                                                 for Special Exhibits
arts and unique Korean culture ensured the activities including rafting, watching local folk
                                                                                                                                  Four Courses Including Museum Visits with the Family
performances and trying regional delicacies - provided an unforgettable experience for all       Program for Weekends                                                                                                 3,583
                                                                                                                                  I Like Saturdays, Traveling with the Museum to the Folk Village
those who partook of the programs.
                                                                                                                                  Nine Courses Including Folk Class for Adults
                                                                                                 Program for Adults & Specialists Folk Learning for Elementary and Middle School Teachers                              726
Every year, the NFMK offers a variety of education programs. In 2008, we offered nine
                                                                                                                                  Training for Museum Specialists
different categories of program, including classes for children, weekend programs and
                                                                                                 Program of the Disabled &        Six Courses Including the Traveling Folk Museum,
classes for specialists. For each educational program we aim to ensure our audience is                                                                                                                                6,261
                                                                                                 Disadvantaged                    Folk Class for the Hands, Education for Multicultural Homes
introduced to folklore in the pedagogical manner most suited to them. A total of 43,351 people
                                                                                                                                  Traditional Culture Experience for Foreign Visitors
attended the educational programs organized by the NFMK in 2008.                                 Program for Non-Koreans                                                                                              4,690
                                                                                                                                  Folk Classes for Migrant Workers
                                                                                                 National Museum Network
                                                                                                                                  Four Courses Including Adult Craft Class, Folk Class                            20,039
                                                                                                 Education Program
                                                                                                 Total                                                                                                            43,351



                                                                                                                                                                                        The NFMK Annual Report 2008   ● 23
Performance: The Nolbu (A Wicked Elder Brother) Who Meets a Tiger
PERFORMANCES & EVENTS



                                                                                    The NFMK offered a variety of performances and seasonal events in 2008. Through these, the
                                                                                    NFMK gave visitors a chance to encounter the dynamism and range of our folk culture.
                                                                                    Korean Folk Performances for Visitors are scheduled for visitors all throughout the year.
                                                                                    Special seasonal events are also held for the Lunar New Year, the year’s first full-moon, the
Getting a Feel for Folk Culture                                                     Dano festival (the 5th day of the fifth month of the lunar Korean calendar) as well as an essay
                                                                                    contest.

                                                                                    The Korean Folk Performances consist of Saturday Performances in the museum’s
                                                                                    auditorium, Sunday Performances in the museum’s courtyard and etc. The Saturday
                                                                                    Performances were held every Saturday from January to December. The Sunday
                                                                                    Performances were held every Sunday in spring and fall. During the events, performances
                                                                                    such as the Pyongan Province Seonghwang sharmanic ritual, the dances and songs of
                                                                                    Haennam and spring songs by the Yanbian chorus were presented.

                                                                                    Various activities such as New Year Kite-Making, a Museum Sports Day and Rice Cake-
                                                                                    Making were also held over the course of the year. Besides these events, the second
                                                                                    nationwide archery contest was held at Hwanghakjeong of Sajik-dong, Seoul in 2008 and a
                                                                                    youth essay and painting contest was held in Jeonbuk Province.


                                                                                    MAJOR EVENTS IN 2007
The 2nd Speech Contest for Foreign Nationals   The 2nd Nationwide Archery Contest   Category         Title                                       Schedule              Contents
                                                                                                                                                                       52 Performing Arts Shows, Performance
                                                                                                     Saturday Performances                       Jan - Dec.
                                                                                    Korea Folk                                                                         Including the Nolbu Who Meets a Tiger
                                                                                    for Visitors                                                                       21 Performances Including the
                                                                                                     Sunday Performances                         Apr -Jun. Sep -Oct.
                                                                                                                                                                       Geochang Funeral Bier Play
                                                                                                     Wednesday Folk Performances                 May. Sep.             8 Performances Including the Yanbian Chorus
                                                                                                     Cultural Events for the Lunar               Feb.6 - 10            17 Events Including Kite-making
                                                                                                     New Year, Full-Moon Day                     Feb.20 - 21           for Wishes, Making Rice Straws Stand
                                                                                                     Cultural Events for Children’s Day          May.3 - 5             8 Events Including a Museum Sports Day
                                                                                    Seasonal Event                                                                     8 Events Including Hair Washing in Fragrant
                                                                                                     Dano Cultural Festival                      Jun.5
                                                                                                                                                                       Water Boiled with Iris Flowers
                                                                                                     Cultural Event for the                                            19 Events Including Making Blue
                                                                                                                                                 Sep.10 - 15
                                                                                                     Full-Moon Harvest Day                                             Yarn-covered Lanterns
                                                                                                     The 2nd Nationwide Archery Contest          Oct.3 - 4             344 People Participated
                                                                                                     The Nationwide Youth Essay Contest          May.25                Essay Writing on Cultural Communication and Folklore
                                                                                    Contest
                                                                                                     The Nationwide Folk Painting Contest        May.25                Paintings on Folklore in Korea and Jeonbuk Province
A Sports Day for Children’s Day                Cultural Events for Chuseok                           The 2nd Foreign Nationals’ Speech Contest   Oct.22                93 People from 20 Nations Participated
                                               (Korean Thanks Giving Day)
                                                                                                                                                                                       The NFMK Annual Report 2008    ● 25
Ethnic Korean Village in China
    INTERNATIONAL EXCHANGES



                                                                                          Both the NFMK and the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography are
                                                                                          dedicated to preserving the cultural legacy of their countries and are in possession of the
                                                                                          artifacts and expertise necessary to conduct various in-depth cultural activities. Joining hands
                                                                                          under an agreement reached in 2008, the two museums pledged to hold shared exhibitions as
                                                                                          well as conduct joint research and an exchange of officials, setting the stage for the two nations
                                                                                          to come to a deeper understanding of each other’s cultural identity.

                                                                                          In 2008, the NFMK made a folk gallery of ethnic Koreans in China at the Yanbian Museum, as
                                                                                          part of its efforts to establish exhibition spaces for ethnic Koreans overseas. The exhibition
                                                                                          offered a chance for the ethnic Koreans to reaffirm their cultural identity and history and tell
    Stepping Towards the World                                                            the stories of how they settled and created their own unique culture. In addition, a special
                                                                                          exhibition on Daejanggeum (“Jewel in the Palace,” a popular TV series on Korean royal court
                                                                                          cuisine and traditional medicine) was held in Beijing, in which costumes and items worn by
                                                                                          actors from the TV series could be tried on by Chinese fans of the series, proving to be a
                                                                                          novel and popular exhibition.

                                                                                          Though the Culture Companion Project, the NFMK invited museum experts from four nations,
                                                                                          including Mexico, and built a personnel network by jointly participating into the collection and
                                                                                          archiving of relics, hosting of exhibitions and other programs with them. In addition, the
                                                                                          NFMK exchanged research works with the National Museum of Japanese History, leading to
                                                                                          the production of a range of high-quality research.




Folk Gallery for Ethnic Koreans at the   Participants in the Culture   Daejanggeum Splendid Visit to Beijing              A Signing of the Memorandom of Understanding
Yanbian Museum in China                  Companion Project
                                                                                                                                                                 The NFMK Annual Report 2008   ● 27
Photo Exhibition of Folk Research in Jeonbuk Province
REGIONAL PROJECTS




Jeonbuk Culture Festival                      Photo Exhibition on Jeonbuk Folk Research            Plaque Hanging Ceremony for the Folk Village                           Jeolla Arts Festival




2008 The Year of Jeonbuk Folklore                                                                  MAIN SCHEDULE FOR “2008 THE YEAR OF JEONBUK FOLKLORE” CONTENTS
                                                                                                   Contents                                                                      Schedule
                                                                                                   Declaration Ceremony                                                          May 1
                                                                                                   Workshop on the Cooperative Network for Jeonbuk Museums                       Nov.
To build regional bases for the folklore, in 2006 the NFMK launched the Year of Regional                                                                                         May.9 - Aug.1 (First Term)
                                                                                                   Craft Class for Adults (Hanji Craft)
Folklore project, in which every year is designated the year of Folklore for a different region.                                                                                 Sep.19 - Dec.12 (Second Term)
The project was designed to help preserve traditional lifestyles that are rapidly vanishing in     Essay Contest                                                                 May.25
the face of industrialization and urbanization and to strengthen that preservation by making
                                                                                                   Painting Contest                                                              May.25
resources for tourism in the regions.
                                                                                                   Award Ceremony and Exhibition                                                 June.4, 4:00 pm / June.4-June.18
                                                                                                                                          Ritual for Sea God at Jeonju           May.31 - June.1
Efforts for regional cooperation are desperately needed. The NFMK embarked on the project          Culture Festival
                                                                                                                                          Jeonbuk Folk Culture Festival          Sep.5 - 8
in cooperation with provincial governments after one year of preparations and another year
of initial implementation. “The Year of Folklore” project was formally declared by each            Publication of Research Report on Folk Arts in Jeonbuk                        Jul.7 / Sep.12

provincial government in the second year as they exhibited the outcome of their research           Jeonbuk Dialect Contest                                                       Sep.7
and held academic conferences along with educational and cultural events.                          Exhibition on Jeonbuk Culture (local)                                         Oct.1 - 19
                                                                                                   Exhibition on Jeonbuk Culture (central)                                       Nov.18 - Dec.22
The first product of the project was the “Year of Jeju Folklore.” A agreement was then signed      Plate-hanging Ceremony for Folk Research Village                              Sep.18
with the Jeonbuk provincial government in 2007 and after a year of preparation, the “Year of       Photo Exhibition on Jeonbuk Folk Research                                     Oct.27 - Nov.7
Jeonbuk Folklore” was launched, with exhibitions, cultural events and academic seminars in         Academic Seminar on Jeonbuk Culture
2008.                                                                                                                                                                            Oct.30 - 31
                                                                                                   2008 Conference of Korean Folk Scholars



                                                                                                                                                                                        The NFMK Annual Report 2008   ● 29
Education Program at the Regional Cooperative Network Museum: Making Traditional Paper Boxes
MUSEUM COOPERATIVE NETWORK




                                                                                                    Museum Cooperative Network Academic                    Learning to Play Ssangryuk (Korean Chess)
                                                                                                    Conference
Collaboration with Regional Museums



The Museum Cooperative Network project is aimed at expanding cultural infrastructure -                                                                      Making a Fan with Korean Folk Paintings
                                                                                                    Craftwork Class for Adults
which is centralized in Seoul - to local regions and laying the groundwork for the revitalization
of regional culture, by increasing cultural exchanges and helping regional museums improve
their educational capabilities. About 150 institutions are involved in the five-year-old project.   OVERVIEW OF THE NFMK MUSEUM COOPERATIVE NETWORK AS OF 2008
With the number of participating institutions growing, the project has been actively underway.      Province                     Participating Institutions (a Total of 150 Institutions)
                                                                                                    Seoul                        22 Institutions Including the Seodaemun Museum of Natural History
In 2008, an agreement with the National Museum of Korea was signed to jointly run the               Gyeonggi, Incheon            27 Institutions Including the Sudoguksan Hillside Museum
Museum Cooperative Network project, setting the stage for the creation of a unified network         Gangwon                      9 Institutions Including the Inje Folk Museum of Mountain Village
with public and private museums nationwide and development of unique business models.
                                                                                                    Chungbuk                     9 Institutions including the Chengju Museum of Ancient Printing
The project focused mainly on two areas: education programs and archiving support.
                                                                                                    Daejeon, Chungnam            18 Institutions Including the Yeteo (Old Site) Folk Museum
                                                                                                    Daegu, Kyeongbuk             8 Institutions Including the Dokdo Museum
The Museum Cooperative Network project encouraged regional museums to voluntarily run
                                                                                                    Busan, Kyeongnam             14 Institutions Including the Geoje City Folk Museum of Fishing Village
their facilities by developing education programs for participating institutions and helping
them publish teaching materials. In addition, the project allowed regional museums to lay the       Kwangju, Jeonnam             6 Institutions Including the Gwangju City Folk Museum

groundwork for their operations by helping them archive collections. Mutual exchanges               Jeonbuk                      6 Institutions Including the Jeonju Museum of History
among regional museums were also promoted through an academic conference.                           Jeju                         21 Institutions Including the Jeju Folk Museum of Natural History



                                                                                                                                                                                       The NFMK Annual Report 2008   ● 31
INFORMATION



                                                                                                                    VISITORS



                                                                                                                    Jan.                          135,146

                                                                                                                    Feb.                          133,860

                                                                                                                    Mar.                 111,497

                                                                                                                    Apr.                                    160,534

                                                                                                                    May.                                        176,052

                                                                                                                    Jun.                      126,333

                                                                                                                    Jul.                         130,298

                                                                                                                    Aug.                                              192,507

                                                                                                                    Sep.                                          184,009

                                                                                                                    Oct.                                                        254,413

                                                                                                                    Nov.                                    161,650
Contact Details    Samcheongdong-Gil 35, Jongno-Gu, Seoul Korea 110-820
                   82-2-3704-3114                                                                                   Dec.                                    160,194

                   www.nfm.go.kr                                                                                    Total 1,926,439
Operating Hours    March - October : 09:00 - 18:00
                   May - August : 09:00 - 18:00 / Saturdays, National Holidays : 09:00-19:00
                   November - February: 09:00 - 17:00
                                                                                                                    2008 BUDGET
                   * Closed : January 1 and Every Tuesday
                   * Visitors May Enter up to 1 Hour Before Closing Time.
                                                                                                                                        Basic Expenses
                                                                                                                                        528,000,000 KRW


ORGANIZATION

                                                     Director

                                                                                                                                     Total
                                                                                                                                17,322,000,000
   Planning &            Cultural Exchange                                                          Collection                       KRW
                                                 Exhibition Div.             Research Div.
 Management Div.          & Educaion Div.                                                         Management Div.



                Planning &   Cultural Exchange                                        Collection
                                                 Exhibition Div.   Research Div.                         Total
              Management Div. & Educaion Div.                                       Management Div.
    Staff           31               14               12                12                   20           89
                                                                                                                                 Operating Expenses 12,916,000,000 KRW
                                                                                                                                 Personnel Expenses 3,878,000,000 KRW
HISTORY OF THE NFMK



Nov. 28, 1945   The National Museum of ethnology established
                (by US Military Government Order No. 68); Song Seokha appointed Director
Apr. 25, 1946   TheNational Museum of ethnology opened
                (in City Administration Memorial Hall building from Japanese colonial period)
Dec. 1950       The National Museum of ethnology merged with National Museum
                (collection of 4,555 pieces moved to Namsan)
Oct. 4, 1966    The Korea Folk Pavilion opened in Sujeongjeon (a hall inside Gyeongbok palace)
                under the Cultural Property Management Bureau
Jun. 1972       The Folk Museum Establishment Preparation Committee formed
Apr. 11, 1975   The Korean Folk Museum opened in the Modern Art Museum Building on
                Gyeongbok palace grounds
Apr. 13, 1979   The NFMK put under management of National Museum
Oct. 30, 1992   The NFMK put under management of Ministry of Culture
                (Presidential decree No. 9419)
Feb. 17, 1993   The NFMK moved to present site (former National Museum building)
                (Presidential Decree No. 13752)
Mar. 6, 1993    The NFMK put under management of Ministry of Culture & Sports
                (Presidential Decree No. 13869)
Apr. 25, 1996   The NFMK celebrates 50th anniversary
Feb. 28, 1998   The NFMK put under management of Ministry of Culture & Tourism
                (Presidential Decree No. 15723)
May 24, 1999    Relic Division established (Presidential Decree No. 16346), authorized staff
                increased by 14 persons
Jul. 1, 2000    Cultural Exchange & Education Division established (Presidential Decree No. 16878),
                authorized staff increased by 3 persons
Feb. 17, 2003   Children's Folk Museum opened
Nov. 11, 2004   Administration Division renamed Planning Division
Aug. 25, 2006   Shin Kwangseop appointed Director
Feb. 29, 2008   Attached to the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism from the Ministry of Culture
                and Tourism (Presidential Executive Order No. 21072)




                                                                         The NFMK Annual Report 2008   ● 33
 PLANS FOR 2009



 To be a research institute that records, preserves, transfers and vivifies human culture

 To conduct in-depth fieldwork on folk culture: collect material on the Korean way of life
 in traditional times, publish an English-version dictionary of Korean traditional customs
 and a dictionary of Korean traditional folk beliefs, research wedding customs of minorities
 in China and publish findings in the『International Journal of Intangible Heritage』and
『Korean Journal of Folk Studies』

 To systematically archive collections and ensure scientific preservation: increase public
 explanations, regular disclosure, introduce a pool system to pick deliberative council
 members, expand the scope of collections, apply preservation technology, upgrade relic
 preservation center and total information center of folk archives


 Continuing Education Facility for Creative Exhibition and Education

 To create user-friendly exhibitions and environment: build a modern street and a
                                                                                『World inside
 traditional village at an outdoor exhibition center, to hold special exhibitions
 Us Special Exhibition on Multiculture』    (May),『Harmony between Line and Color, Special
 Exhibition on Hanbok』    (October) and create a『Citizen Exhibition Hall』

 To hold a variety of educational programs and events: continue offering educational
 programs by age, expansion of educational programs for multicultural homes and
 foreigners, to hold a grand festival for multicultural homes in May and seasonal events.

 To promote museum programs for children: continue expansion of exhibitions for
 children through story-telling and construction of experience-based learning center.


 Center of Cooperative Network on Understanding of Global Culture

 To strengthen the role and function as the national premier museum for history of life:
 expand the Museum Cooperative Network to some 170 institutions, increase support for
 traditional culture-experiencing programs at museums in Korean embassies overseas,
 increase support for exhibitions at the Oriental Room of the National Museum of the
 Republic of Belarus, create academic program for cultural companions and be a
 successful host of the October general assembly of the International Committee for
 Museums and Ethnographic Collections in Seoul.


 ICME(International Committee for Museums and Collections of Ethnography)

 Green growth and job creation: Installment of energy-saving LED lighting, system for
 renewable resources and countermeasure team for low-carbon and green-growth
 strategy
The National Folk Museum of Korea
Publisher SHIN Gwangseop Editor RYU Hobong Editorial Planning KIM Jongtae Editorial Process KOOK Sungha, YOON Cheolyong
Translation to English Ed Ward Publisher The National Folk Museum of Korea
Address Samcheongdong-Gil 35, Jongno-Gu, Seoul, Korea 110-820
Telephone +82-2-3704-3122 Web Site www.nfm.go.kr
Design feelcom Publication Registration Number 11-1370152-000017-10       A Warm Life through Culture

								
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