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  From: K. Rożek, K.Kurzejamski, K. Potoniec, G. Jaczech, P.Dobski, P.Jędrzejczak
                                  To: Mary Sue
                                Topic: Mardi Gras

                                       Introduction

          In this reprot we are going to explain the idea and culture of „Mardi Gras‟. Mardi
Gras (pronounced: /ˈmɑrdi grɑː/) is also known as Shrove Tuesday or Fat Tuesday. The
carnival takes place during the period between the Epiphany (or Twelfth Night ) and Ash
                                        Wednesday.

                                         History

 The history of Mardi Gras began long before Europeans set foot in the New World. It
has origins in the ancient roman celebrations of Lupercalia, a circus like the festival. At
   first, the carnival was celebrated in Paris since the Middle Ages. It was brought to
America by a French explorer Iberville in 1699. In honor of the day of arrival, which was
 also the day of Mardi Gras Celebration in Paris, Iberville named the place of his camp
                                   “Point du Mardi Gras”.

                                        Customs
Eating pancakes and doughnuts was believed to bring good luck, while the failure to eat
                      could bring harm through different ways.

   Also the fat in which the doughnuts were fried was used to grease the wheels of
 wagons in the belief that it stopped the destruction caused by rats, mice and insects.
                                       The Colours:
The official colors for Mardi Gras are purple, green, and gold. These colors to stand for
 the following: Purple represents justice, gold stands for power and green stands for
                                          faith.
                                      Walking Club:
A group of people who walk in costume; either men or women. They form a club to have
  fun and add spontaneity and merriment to parades. They walk in a group, dance to
 music, and hand out beads and trinkets. One group on the Mississippi Gulf Coast, The
 Old Biloxi Marching Club, hands out flowers for kisses from pretty ladies. (Aside: most
  of the men get totally soused before the parade begins, but they have a blast!) They
wear tuxedos and top hats. Ladies fight over the flowers and gladly bestow the required
                                          kiss.
                                     King Cake Baby:
 A tiny plastic baby hidden inside a King Cake. Usually flesh-colored; sometimes black
(brown), and sometimes gold. It represents the Christ Child, and the person finding it in
their piece of cake is said to have a year of good luck. The bad luck is that they have to
                                 buy the next King Cake.
                                        Parade:
Floats and the riders, usually wearing masks, dress according to the theme, which may
   be based on history, legends, children's stories, entertainment or famous people.
                       Balls, or Tableaus (pronounced tab-lows):
  Each carnival krewe holds a masked ball in which their royalty is presented to club
members and guests. The identity of Royalty is not known until they "walk out" and are
presented. Each year a theme is followed, with costumes, entertainment, dancing and
  hearty partying. Some krewes are very formal, others are just for fun. The king and
  queen wear elaborate headpieces and long, flowing trains over especially-designed
costumes. Trains usually have pictures depicting the theme of the ball. MC's announce
the story of the theme as first the court (maids and dukes) are presented, and then the
                                     king and queen.
                                       Doubloon:
Large, round aluminum coins that are used as throws. They are the creation of engraver
 H. Alvin Sharpe, who introduced them in 1960 to the Krewe of Rex. On one side of the
   coin is the krewe name and insignia; on the other the theme of that year's parade.
  Common ones are silver (aluminum-colored), but the most desired are minted in the
                                  Mardi Gras colors.


                                         Places

  These places are the ones where celebrating Mardi Gras is the most popular and
                                           colorful
                                          -The US
       New Orleans (French quater) Alabama, San Diego, Glavestone in Texas.
                                     -The Caribbean
        Cayman Islands, Jamaica, The Virgin Islands, Trinidad (Port-of-Spain)
                              -Central and South America
 Salvador (Bafia) and a lot of small cities, Rio de Janeiro, Peru Columbia, Venezuela,
                                          Panama
                                          -Europe
Spain, Andorra, Croatia, Greece, Lithuania, Poland, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Germany,
                                       Switzerland
                                    -Asia and Pacific
                         Goa in India and Sydney in Australia

                                    Conclusion
  The Mardi Gras is the best, most colorful and gay festival in the world. It should be
organized not only once a year, we should have an opportunity to have fun more often.
                                        ...

                                  Plik z chomika:

                                     paula2961

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