Hazrat Abbas (a.s.): The Man, the Myth, the Legend Maryam Moradmand First year law student at Chapman University School of Law Every year during the month of Moharam, and specially the days Tasua and Ashoora, Hazart Abbas's (as) tales of chivalry, courage and faith are discussed; the Shiite community mourns him, laminates in his hour, and praises his character. What is left out of the discussion is his effect after Ashoora. His character as the commander of the war is highly praised and honored but the essence of his message, his wrongfully amputated arm, is that it serves as the flag of peace, honor, and utmost faith in God. Every year we see the pictures, drawings and art works of his hand rose with five fingers spread as the symbol of his devotion and courage, but what is left out is the effect that hand has had throughout history after the day of Ashoora. If Hazart Abbas(as) had succeeded in brining water to the women and children in the tents and afterwards had gone to the battlefield and fought to become a martyr of Islam, the history would have changed, the generations to come would have lost an irreplaceable role model and savoir, he sacrificed his life for Islam to create the perfect man for the humanity. Hazrat Abbas (as), son of Imam Ali and Ummul Banin played a continuous role as a safeguard for Islam and the Ahlul Bayt. On the day of Ashoora not only he sacrificed hi own being he's two sons were also present and martyred. He is referred to as moon of the Bani Hashem family, the leader of youth in heaven, and the commander of faith at Karbala. The fact that he stood by his brother courageously is of no secret to anyone, but his kindness, he's fairness and notion of justice runs much deeper than the battle ground. It is a general and widely held belief that power and physical superiority make fair play a myth, however, Haarat Abbas (a.s.) is a flawless equilibrium of power, kindness, and fairness. His courage does not override his notion of substantial human justice; and his kindness does not prevent him from his duty. It is the balance that makes a complete faith; it is this equilibrium that he is teaching the humanity. Many people pray to him at the time of difficulty, he's known not to turn back a sincere prayer. There is a great paradigm hi this notion. At the time of difficulty when he fell to the ground during the battle of Ashoora, he called for his brother Imam Hussain, and Imam Hussain rushed to his side during his last moments. Hazarat Abbas's biggest grief in his last moments was that he was not able to get the water to the children. However, after his martyrdom, for generations he is a strong link between God and people working miracles and strengthening faith. His image as the respected and highly feared figure plays a fundamental role in complementing Imam Hussain's leadership and virtues during and after Ashoora. Today even after 1400 years Hazrat Abbas (a.s.), while not being an Imam is regarded as highly as our twelve Imams. In first glance he is viewed as a symbol of devotion and leadership in war, however, the true essence of his virtues are the message of stability that can be retracted from his character. Although from a different mother than Imam Hussain, he is dearly loved by the Ahlul Bayt, yet he still holds himself to a higher standard to be able to be regarded on the same plane field as Imam Hussain, meanwhile he never crosses boundaries of respect. Within his character he creates this powerful equilibrium of stability. This equilibrium of stability is created by Iman and practice. In an abstract manner he has existed throughout history, his soul and essence of being are what creates a true man, a man of peace, war, duty, respect, and love. He embodies these characters to perfection. The myth of the perfect man exists in all cultures and religions form Greek mythology of Hercules to Chinese spirituality and the Buddha, man kind has always been in search of this perfect notion of man yet Hazrat Abbas (a.s.) perfected this notion with utmost precision. Thus in many folk tales his story and life is told almost as a legend, a myth, too great to be true. However, what gives reality to his myth aside from its physical reality is its sincerity, faith in God, and true belief. Hero's are depicted to be immortal, yet none are, However, Hazrat Abbas (a.s.) has proven to be immortal in many aspect. From granting miracles, to curing the sick, to physical presence in his shrine he has brought to life the legend of the eternal and perfect man, he has perfected the idea and ended the search of humanity for generations to come. Aside form his mystic presence in daily life, his moral presence is still felt after centuries. Hazrat Abbas (a.s.) is regarded highly in both Shiite and Sunni traditions. The values that he upheld throughout his life and on the day of Ashoora are noble standards for humanity. If followed correctly his way of life can lead to strong and noble society practicing the true Islam. In a world where Islam is misrepresented and misunderstood, it is vital that we introduce pivotal figures such as Hazrat Abbas to demonstrate the true meaning and power of Islam. Our youth in the Muslim community need role models to follow and if these role models are conveyed to them through unoriginal sources it can do more harm than good. Our responsibility as Shiat Muslims in United States is not to lead a life of righteousness in seclusion but rather to introduce our values and religion to the world through figures such as Hazrat Abbas (a.s.). Hazrat Abbas (a.s.) is an invaluable blessing that should serve as a guide to properly educate the world about Islam. It is only upon great reflection at such figures that the shortcomings of the modern international conflicts appear obsolete. Global politics and major international issues are highly complex and politicized yet they are all condensed in the same category of human issues that were present during the time of Hazrat Abbas (as) and Ashoora. Thomas Hobbs, a prominent Western philosopher, defines man's nature as selfish and animalistic with high tendencies towards absolute dominion, and John Lock, another highly regarded Western philosopher, feels the need for man to delineate his autonomy to a higher power or government in return for stability. The Hobbsean man in a Locksean world is the man kind's search for stability and balance yet preservation of his rights; it is the quest for the eternally perfect nature of man. It is the Hobbsean man that takes dominion over property, life, and liberty of others in the name of betterment of the world by enforcing unjust and irrational pursuits at the expense of others. From the time of Ashoora, to the war in Iraq it is the battle of unjust power and material possession that has doomed the man kind to live in a world of immorality and lack of spirituality. Hazrat Abbas (as) is the reverse ideology, he is the Locksean man in a Hobbsean world, therefore he has mastered the spectrum and molded the eternally perfect nature of what man should be in a world that is not fair, perfect or just. His highly complex yet essentially simple in nature character embodies the definition of perfection, simply absolute. Perfection in mankind is the quest towards resemblance to the eternal perfection of God, which is the infinite perfection, and simply absolute is the closest parallel to infinite perfection; Therefore, Hazrat Abbas (a.s.) and other Ahlul Bayt have solved philosophy's biggest riddle by presenting the perfect human being in an imperfect world. Islam presents to the world not only perfect human beings as role models, but also delegates them as guides on reaching such heights. It is only by following the path of such figures as Hazrat Abbas (as) that the Muslim communities around the globe can find glimpses of hope of passing on the true values of humanity and the real depth and meaning of Islam to the younger generations. Mourning Hazrat Abbas (as) at Tasoua and Ashoora are necessary yet insufficient to achieve this purpose. Mourning has to be supplemented by reflection on the true meaning of their actions, and moreover by practicing their way of life in our daily lives to reach its intended effect. Knowledge about their approach to mundane matters of daily life can be as illuminating as their manner in handling big crisis such as Ashoora. Hazrat Abbas (a.s.) was not made in Ashoora; he completed his mission at Ashoora. Lessons of Ashoora and Hazrat Abbas are not limited to the battlefield and his great sacrifices for Imam Hussain and Islam. The true gem is the ideology behind why he acted in such manner, and how he became the man who sacrificed everything yet again all that is humanly possible. He lived Islam; he practiced Islam, and died a Muslim. The real goal is achieving these three principles, the real greatness is that he achieved them all, and the real lesson is to follow the path of Hazrat Abbas, the man, the myth, the legend who is real.
Pages to are hidden for
"Hazrat Abbas _a"Please download to view full document