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					                  Locations, Dimensions, and Profiles of the
                        Ten Stone Pyramids of Egypt
                                                  Excerpt from
                                           Pyramid Handbook
                                            by Moustafa Gadalla


Genuine Stone Pyramids

      There are numerous structures which have/had the shape of a pyramid. The genuine pyramids, however,
are those which consist of solid core masonry. People forget that a pyramid by geometric definition, as they
studied in school, is “a solid figure having a polygonal base, the sides of which form the bases of triangular
surfaces meeting at a common vertex”.
      These ten pyramids are located within 50 miles (80km) of each other. They were all built during the 3rd
     th
and 4 Dynasties. In a little more than a century, 25 million tons of limestone was used to build these pyramids.
Later, ungenuine “pyramids” were built during the 5th and later Dynasties.



                         3rd Dynasty
   Pharaoh       Reign (BCE) Location            Notes
1 Zoser          2630-2611 Saqqara               Step Pyramid

2 Sekhemket 2611-2603 Saqqara                    Step Pyramid

3 Kha-ba         2603-2599 Z. el Aryan           Layer Pyramid

   Huni          2599-2575       --               ?


                         4th Dynasty

   Pharaoh       Reign (BCE) Location            Notes
4 Snefru         2575-2551 Meidum                 --

5 Snefru           “     “      Dahshur          Bent Pyramid

6 Snefru           “     “      Dahshur          Red Pyramid

7 Khufu          2551-2528 Giza                  (Cheops)

8 Gedefra        2528-2520 Abu-Rawash            Unfinished

9 Khafra         2520-2494 Giza                  (Chephren)

10 Menkaura      2494-2472 Giza                  (Mycerinus)



Pyramid Locations, Dimensions, and Profiles – Excerpt from Pyramid Handbook                                      1
1. Zoser’s Step Pyramid

Showing Stages of Construction

Height: 115 cubits (197’ or 60m)
Base: 270 x 225 cubits (459’ x 387’ or
140m x 118m)




2. “Unfinished” Pyramid of Sekhemket

Base: 400’ square (120 m)
Height (Present): 23’ (7 m)




Pyramid Locations, Dimensions, and Profiles – Excerpt from Pyramid Handbook   2
3. The Pyramid of Kha-ba

Base: 276’ square (83 m)
Height: unknown




4. The Meidum Pyramid of Snefru

Height (original): 306’ (93m)
Mass (original?): 1.5 million tons
Base (original): 482’ (147m) square
Angle: 51o 50’ 35”




Pyramid Locations, Dimensions, and Profiles – Excerpt from Pyramid Handbook   3
5. Snefru’s Bent Pyramid

Base:           602' (184m) square
Height:         344' (105m)
Mass:           3.6 million tons
Inclination:    53o 27' base
                43o 22' 44" top




6. Snefru’s Red Pyramid

Height:     341' (104m)
Base:       722' square (220m)
Mass:       4.0 million tons
Inclination: 43o 22' 44”




Pyramid Locations, Dimensions, and Profiles – Excerpt from Pyramid Handbook   4
7. Khufu’s Pyramid

1. Ascending Passage
2. Grand Gallery
3. “King’s” Room
4. “Queen’s” Room
5. Subterranean Room

Height (Original): 280 cubits (481', 147m)
Base:           440 cubits square
                  (757' sq, 229m sq)
Mass:           6.5 million tons of limestone
Area of base: 13 acres (5.3 hectares)
Inclination:    51o 50' 35"




8. The Remainder of Gedefra’s Pyramid

Present Height:         40’ (12m)
Base:                   320' square (100m)




Pyramid Locations, Dimensions, and Profiles – Excerpt from Pyramid Handbook   5
9. Khafra’s Pyramid

Height:           471' (143.5m)
Base:             708' square (214.5m)
         [error from true north 5’-30”]
Mass:             5.3 million tons
Inclination Angle:         53o 07' 48"




10. Menkaura’s Pyramid

Base: 356' square (108m) [error from true north = 14”]
Height: 218' (67m)
Mass: 0.6 million tons
Slope: (face to base) 51o 20' 25" (5/4)
       (edge to base) 51o 29' 53" (8/9)




Pyramid Locations, Dimensions, and Profiles – Excerpt from Pyramid Handbook   6

				
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posted:9/30/2011
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