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ABU BAKAR MUHAMMAD BIN IBN YAHYA IBN

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					ABU BAKAR MUHAMMAD BIN IBN YAHYA IBN

                             BAJJAH

 a) The twelfth century was the greatest century in the history of
    Philosophical thought in Muslim Spain. The century opens with Abu

    Bakr Muhammad ibn Yahiya ibn Bajjah.

 b) Philosopher, physician, musician, and commentator on Aristotle, who
    flourished in Candara and Saragossa and died in 1138 A.D.


    Thoughts and Works:
  a) Was the earliest known representative in Spain of the Arabic
     Aristotelian neoplatonic philosophic tradition.
  b) Played a prominent role in introducing the ideas of Plato and
     Aristotle and the Islamic Philosophers al-farabi, ibn-sina and al-
     Ghazali to the west.
  c) His most important work is a philosophical treatise entitled
     “Tadbir al –Matawahhid”.
  d) The aim of this book is to demonstrate how man “unaided” may
     attain union with the active intellect and to teach that the gradual
     perfection of the human spirit through union with the divine is the
     object of philosophy.

     The Human Soul:

   a) His main contribution to the Islamic philosophy was his ideas on
      soul phenomenology.
   b) According to him the understanding of human soul was based on
      two concepts.
      1) Al-Ittisal                           2) al-tawahhud
       Al-Ittisal: The state in which human soul comprehends the
       active intellect.

       Tawahhud: Referring to complete oneness in spirit of
       those who achieve this goal and the isolation of
       philosopher from a society which is lacking in knowledge.


         He believed that there were series of existence from matter to so

           Soul and intellect. The happy man however is one who lived a
solitary life and devoted himself to union with active intellect.

				
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posted:9/29/2011
language:Malay
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