ABU BAKAR MUHAMMAD BIN IBN YAHYA IBN
a) The twelfth century was the greatest century in the history of
Philosophical thought in Muslim Spain. The century opens with Abu
Bakr Muhammad ibn Yahiya ibn Bajjah.
b) Philosopher, physician, musician, and commentator on Aristotle, who
flourished in Candara and Saragossa and died in 1138 A.D.
Thoughts and Works:
a) Was the earliest known representative in Spain of the Arabic
Aristotelian neoplatonic philosophic tradition.
b) Played a prominent role in introducing the ideas of Plato and
Aristotle and the Islamic Philosophers al-farabi, ibn-sina and al-
Ghazali to the west.
c) His most important work is a philosophical treatise entitled
“Tadbir al –Matawahhid”.
d) The aim of this book is to demonstrate how man “unaided” may
attain union with the active intellect and to teach that the gradual
perfection of the human spirit through union with the divine is the
object of philosophy.
The Human Soul:
a) His main contribution to the Islamic philosophy was his ideas on
b) According to him the understanding of human soul was based on
1) Al-Ittisal 2) al-tawahhud
Al-Ittisal: The state in which human soul comprehends the
Tawahhud: Referring to complete oneness in spirit of
those who achieve this goal and the isolation of
philosopher from a society which is lacking in knowledge.
He believed that there were series of existence from matter to so
Soul and intellect. The happy man however is one who lived a
solitary life and devoted himself to union with active intellect.