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					SAFIR2010




                            SAFIR2010
       Finnish national research programme on NPP safety
                            2007 - 2010


                      Prepared by Eija Karita Puska
                         Director of SAFIR2010
                          www.vtt.fi/safir2010
                         eija-karita.puska@vtt.fi
SAFIR2010




            Background information
                                                                                                  3

                        Division of Nuclear Research Funding in Finland in
                                              2006
SAFIR2010


                                                                  Others 1%


                                                               Fusion
                                                                                        Reactor
                                                                11%
                                                                                         Safety
                                                                                          34%

                                                                              SAFIR
                                                                               17%
                                                             Nuclear
                                                              Waste
                                                           Management
                                                               54%
                                                                                      KYT 4%




SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                    4

                        Funding Sources of Nuclear Research in Finland in
                                             2006
SAFIR2010




                                                                   Others 2%
                                                           EU 6%
                                  Tekes 5%


                      VTT 12%

                                                                          Power
                                                                        companies
                         Research                                          62 %
                       funds (VYR)
                           13 %



SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                              5



                                Background material for SAFIR2010 planning
SAFIR2010


                  Questionnaire to SAFIR-community, February 2006
                          Target groups:Steering Group + YEN members,Reference
                          Groups,Project managers
                          Anonymous (webropol)
                          Sent to 119 persons, 85 answered
                  SAFIR 2003-2006 International Evaluation, March 2006
                          3 person group
                          Evaluation of material plus one week interview period
                          Very positive conclusions + recommendations for future
                          Evaluation Report published by MTI
                  SAFIR2010 Strategy Seminar, April 2006
                          Purpose to plan the new programme
                          Approximately 90 participants
                          Commitment of all Finnish major nuclear research organisations to
                          the new programme

SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                                            6



                                                           Safety challenges
SAFIR2010


           Plant design, construction and                         Plant life management
              change management                                         Loviisa 1 and 2 plant units
                          taking science and technology                 operation permit application, 50
                          development into account                      years operation lifetime
                          severe accidents                              Olkiluoto 1 and 2 plant units
                                                                        operation permit ~ 40 years age
           Safety assessment                                            2018, periodic safety review 2008
                          Deterministic analysis and                    Olkiluoto 3 design basis 60 years
                          experiments (high fuel burn-up,               plan life
                          models)
                                                              Safety culture, organisation and
                          Risk-informed safety
                          management (living PSA                 human factors
                          applications, internal and external        assessment method improvement
                          threats, automation and human              safety management and change
                          factors)                                   management
                          Plant life cycle and
                          comprehensive safety                       networking operational environment
                          assessment                                 generation change
                                                                     new technologies


SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
SAFIR2010




            SAFIR2010
                                                                                 8



                                                           SAFIR2010
SAFIR2010


                  The Finnish Ministry of Trade and Industry (MTI) launched a
                  new national four-year research programme on nuclear power
                  plant safety from 2007 to 2010
                  The research programme is strongly based on the chapter 7a,
                  “Ensuring expertise”, of the Finnish Nuclear Energy Act
                  The programme is the newest link in chain of public research
                  programmes on nuclear safety that have proved to excel in
                  order to maintain and develop know-how in Finland
                  The programme covers essentially the themes of the SAFIR-
                  programme 2003-2006
                  In addition to the State Nuclear Waste Management Fund
                  (VYR), also other key organisations operating in the area of
                  nuclear safety are funding the programme
                  Foreign funding possible


SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                                                        9



                                 Organisation and quality management
SAFIR2010




                            Steering Group                 Steering and strategic planning

                                                                                                   SAFIR2010
                                                                    Strategic planning in the      management
                         Reference Groups                           area and scientific            handbook
                                and                                 quidance
                          ad hoc groups


                                                                     Project realisation        According to
                                    Projects                                                    Management system of
                                                                                                research organisation




SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                            10



                                              Steering Group of SAFIR2010
SAFIR2010

                  Deputy Director Marja-Leena Järvinen, Chairperson, STUK
                  Section Head Keijo Valtonen, STUK
                  Director Kari Hiltunen, Tekes
                  Senior Technology Advisor Piia Moilanen, Tekes
                  Technology Manager Timo Vanttola, VTT
                  Technology Manager Liisa Heikinheimo, VTT
                  Manager Jari Tuunanen, TVO
                  Head of Section Marjo Mustonen, TVO
                  Manager Harriet Kallio, Fortum Power & Heat
                  Director Olli Kymäläinen, Fortum Nuclear Services
                  Professor Rainer Salomaa, TKK
                  Professor Riitta Kyrki-Rajamäki, LTY
                  Counsellor Jaana Avolahtí, KTM
                  Harri Heimburger, STUK (permanent expert)
                  Jan-Erik Lindbäck, SKI (permanent expert)

                  Senior Engineer Jorma Aurela, KTM contact person, KTM
                  Programme director Eija Karita Puska, secretary, VTT

SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                        11



                                                SAFIR2010 - administration
SAFIR2010


                  MTI chose the administrative organisation VTT and the director
                  Eija Karita Puska in December 2005 on basis of an open call for
                  competition

                  The organisation of the programme will be finalised by the end
                  of 2006 according to the Framework Plan and quidance from
                  MTI and the Streering Group
                          Main features similar to SAFIR2003 – 2006
                          www-pages will include also a password-entry for minutes of
                          meetings and other material
                          www.vtt.fi/safir2010




SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                               12



                                                  SAFIR2010 research areas
SAFIR2010


                  SAFIR2010 research programme is divided in eight research
                  areas, which are:
                  1. Organisation and human factors
                  2. Automation and control room
                  3. Fuel and reactor physics
                  4. Thermal hydraulics
                  5. Severe accidents
                  6. Structural safety of reactor circuit
                  7. Construction safety
                  8. Probabilistic safety analysis (PSA)

                  These research areas include both research projects of the
                  named topic and interdisciplinary co-operation projects.


SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                                         13



                                                           Projects
SAFIR2010


                 The Steering Group will present an annual proposal to MTI of VYR-financed
                 entirety of research projects:
                         8 areas and more than 1 project/area
                 One/several year projects
                         A real project (beginning, end, deliverables)
                         Annual decisions on funding, a ”promise” system for coming years
                         Updated project plans yearly for the call for proposals
                 Funding structure: VYR / other funding
                         Research institutions and organisations conducting technological research can
                         get a maximum of 60 % of VYR-funding of the total cost of a project
                         universities can get a maximum of 100 % of the marginal cost of a project.
                 VYR funding collected from TVO and Fortum Power & Heat 220 €/MWth
                 according to operation permits of NPPs in Finland

                 The impact and barometers of the research programme
                         Points of view: effectiveness, resources and renovation, processes, and
                         structures and economy


SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                      14



                                                SAFIR2010 Projects in 2007
SAFIR2010


                  35 project proposals, applied VYR funding 4,339 M€,
                  available VYR funding 2,528 M€
                  Reference group evaluations resulted in
                          a) primary proposals with 31 projects and VYR 4,024 M€
                          b) secondary proposals with 30 projects and VYR 3,073 Me
                  Steering Group proposal, which became also the proposal of
                  Finnish Ministry of Trade and Industry to VYR is with 30 projects
                  and VYR 2,528 M€
                  Project proposals were updated to meet the VYR funding by and
                  accepted in the Reference Group Meetings 1-12.2.2007.
                  Acceptance of Annual Plan by Steering Group 1.3.2007.
                  Final funding decisions by VYR in March 2007
                  Total volume in 2007 approximately 46 person years and 6,3
                  M€


SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                                                                    15



                                  SAFIR2010 project applications 2007
SAFIR2010



                                                  VYR2007 request vs funding 2006

          1200
          1000
            800
                                                                                                                             2006
    k€




            600
                                                                                                                             2007
            400

            200
                 0
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                                               3.
             1.




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                                                                                                       7.
                         2.




                                                                         Research area


SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                                           16



                            SAFIR2010 VYR Funding 2007 vs. SAFIR 2006
SAFIR2010


                                                           VYR distribution 2006 and 2007

             700

             600

             500

             400
                                                                                                    2006
        k€




                                                                                                    2007
             300

             200

             100

                 0
                             1               2               3       4        5       6     7   8
                                                                   Research area


SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                                             17



                            SAFIR2010 Funding 2007 vs. SAFIR 2006
SAFIR2010


                                                           VYR+Tekes distribution 2006 and 2007

                    700

                    600

                    500

                    400
                                                                                                          2006
              k€




                                                                                                          2007
                    300

                    200

                    100

                        0
                                    1               2            3       4       5      6         7   8
                                                                       Research area

SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                                                              18



                                           SAFIR2010 Total Funding 2007
SAFIR2010


                                                                   SAFIR2010 Funding 2007

                  1600

                  1400

                  1200
                  1000
         k euro




                                                                                                                      VYR
                  800
                                                                                                                      Total
                  600
                  400

                  200
                    0
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                                                              re



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SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                              19



                                           SAFIR2010 VYR Funding 2007
SAFIR2010


                                                           SAFIR2010 VYR funding 2007



                                                                 PSA     Human
                                                                 9%       5 % Automation
                                                      Concrete                   8%
                                                        8%



                                                                                       Core
                                                                                       22 %
                                                Materials
                                                 22 %




                                                              Severe         Thermal
                                                               10 %           16 %



SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                             20



                                           SAFIR2010 Total Funding 2007
SAFIR2010


                                                           SAFIR2010 total funding 2007



                                                                  PSA    Human
                                                                  8%      5%   Automation
                                                     Concrete                     10 %
                                                      13 %

                                                                                      Core
                                                                                      15 %



                                                 Materials
                                                  23 %
                                                                                   Thermal
                                                                                    13 %
                                                                        Severe
                                                                         13 %



SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                                           21



                                      SAFIR2010 Funding Sources 2007
SAFIR2010


                                                           SAFIR2010 funding in 2007

              3000


              2500


              2000
        k€




              1500


              1000


                500


                    0
                               VYR                Fortum        TVO       NKS          EU   VTT   Others

SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                                 22



                                      SAFIR2010 Funding Sources 2007
SAFIR2010


                                                              SAFIR2010 funding in 2007



                                                                  Others
                                                                   12 %




                                                                                          VYR
                                                                                          43 %



                                                            VTT
                                                           39 %


                                                                                    Fortum
                                                                           EU
                                                                           1%    TVO 2 %
                                                                             NKS 1 %
                                                                             2%

SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                                           23



                                       SAFIR2010 Cost Distribution 2007
SAFIR2010


                                                       SAFIR2010 cost distribution in 2007

               6000


               5000


               4000
         k€




               3000


               2000


               1000


                     0
                                Personnel                  Mat&suppl      Travel        Ext serv   Other

SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                               24



                                   SAFIR2010 Cost Distribution in 2007
SAFIR2010

                                                           Other
                                                            4%
                                                   Ext serv
                                                    3%
                                                 Travel
                                                  5%
                                   Mat&suppl
                                      4%




                                                                   Personnel
                                                                     84 %




SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                 25

                                               SAFIR2010 Projects 2007
                                         Area1: Organisation and human factors
SAFIR2010


                  MANOR: Safety management and organisatorial learning, VTT,
                  VYR 80 k€, total 202 k€
                  SAFEEX: Expert work in safety critical environment, HUT, VYR
                  70 k€, total 89,5 k€




SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                  26

                                                SAFIR2010 Projects 2007
                                           Area 2: Automation and control room
SAFIR2010


                  MODSAFE: Model-based safety evaluation of automation
                  systems, VTT&HUT&others, VYR 140 k€, total 190 k€
                  CERFAS: Certification facilities for software, VTT&TUT, Tekes
                  funding 120 k€ under negotiation, total around 160 k€
                  OPRACTI:Operator practices and human-system interfaces in
                  computer-based control stations, VTT, VYR 75 k€, total 229 k€




SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                    27

                                                    SAFIR2010 Projects 2007
                                                 Area 3: Fuel and reactor physics
SAFIR2010


                  POKEVA: Development and validation of Fuel performance
                  codes, VTT, VYR 190 k€, total 345 k€
                  TRICOT: Tridimensional core transient analysis methods, VTT,
                  VYR 97 k€, total 307 k€
                  TOPAS: Total reactor physics analysis system, VTT, VYR 90
                  k€, total 288 k€




SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                        28

                                                           SAFIR2010 Projects 2007
                                                           Area 4: Thermal hydraulics
SAFIR2010


                  NUMPOOL:Numerical modelling of condensation pool, VTT,
                  VYR 40 k€, total 100 k€
                  THARE:Improved thermal hydraulic analyses of nuclear reactor
                  and containment, VTT, VYR 130 ke, total 288 k€
                  MULTIPHYSICS: The integration of thermal hydraulics (CFD)
                  and structural analyses (FEA)….,Fortum Nuclear Services,
                  Fortum 41 k€, Tekes 41 k€, total 82 k€
                  ECE: Participation in development of european calculation
                  environment, ECE, LTY, VYR 25 k€, total 50 k€
                  CONDEX: Condensation experiments with PPOOLEX facility,
                  LTY, VYR 220 k€, total 240 k€
                  LABRE: Large break loss of coolant accident test study, LTY,
                  VYR 35 k€, total 35 k€



SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                      29

                                                           SAFIR2010 Projects 2007
                                                           Area 5: Severe accidents
SAFIR2010


                  RADECO: Release of radioactive materials from a degrading
                  core, VTT, VYR 31 k€, total 86 k€
                  CHEMPC: Primary circuit chemistry of fission products, VTT,
                  VYR 99 k€, total 315,7 k€
                  COMESTA: Core melt stabilization, VTT, VYR 92,433 k€, total
                  240,433 k€
                  HYRICI: Hydrogen risk in containments and particle bed issues,
                  VTT, VYR 58 k€, total 154,25 k€




SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                   30

                                          SAFIR2010 Projects 2007
                                    AREA 6: Structural safety of reactor circuit
SAFIR2010


                  PURISTA: Risk-informed inspections of piping, VTT, VYR 90 k€,
                  total 221 k€
                  FATE: Fatigue endurance of critical equipment, VTT, VYR 57
                  k€, total 114 k€
                  WATCHEM: Water chemistry and oxidation in the primary
                  circuit, VTT, VYR 70 k€, total 170 k€
                  RAKEMON: Monitoring of the structural integrity of reactor
                  circuit, VTT, VYR 89 k€, total 208 k€
                  FRAS: Fracture assessment of reactor circuit, VTT, VYR 142
                  k€, total 362 k€
                  DEFSPEED: Influence of material, environment and strain rate
                  on environmentally assisted cracking.., VTT, VYR 136 k€, total
                  352 k€



SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                         31

                                                           SAFIR2010 Projects 2007
                                                           Area 7: Construction safety
SAFIR2010


                  SERVICEMAN: Service life management system of concrete
                  structures in nuclear power plants, VTT, VYR 50 k€, total 125 k€
                  IMPACT: Impact tests, VTT, VYR 80 k€, total 485 k€
                  SUSI: Structures under soft impact, VTT, VYR 100 k€, total 166
                  k€




SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010
                                                                                  32

                                            SAFIR2010 Projects 2007
                                    Area 8: Probabilistic safety analysis (PSA)
SAFIR2010


                  CHARISMA:Challenges in risk-informed safety management,
                  VTT, VYR 115 k€, total 254,2 k€
                  FIRAS: Implementation of quantitative fire risk assessment in
                  PSA, VTT, VYR 100 k€, total 167 k€
                  EXWE: Extreme weather and nuclear power plants, FMI, VYR
                  27 k€, total 59,8 k€




SAFIR2010- Finnish national research programme 2007-2010

				
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