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					An activity for agricultural research and educational
                     collaboration
                 in Asia Pacific region
         by Asia Pacific Advanced Network
                        (APAN)



            Akira Mizushima/MAFFIN <goddila@maffin.ad.jp>



    Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries research network, Japan
                                Abstract

   The Asia Pacific Advanced Network (APAN) and its
    activities especially in agricultural areas are introduced.
   APAN has two aims.
        One is the provision of high performance network links for
         research and education throughout the Asia-Pacific area.
        The other is to accelerate research and educational activities in
         the area, utilizing the APAN infrastructure.
   There are two activity areas under the APAN committee, the
    highest decision-maker of the consortium.
    These are;
        the Technology Area
        the User Community Area
   The Agriculture Working Group (AG-WG) is one of the most
    active working group in the User Community Area.
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
         Research Network in Japan
                  Outline of MAFFIN


Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries research network
(MAFFIN) links all research institutes (29 headquarters and
52 branches) in the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and
Fisheries in Japan by ATM (1 - 12Mbps) and links to Internet by
ATM (45Mbps).
MAFFIN is in Tsukuba Office, the Ministry of Agriculture,
Forestry and Fisheries Research Council.

There are the Research Computing System, the Network Library
System and the Network Information System.
The Research Computing System offers using applications,
developing databases and high-end programming environments.
the Network Library System offers the union catalog in AFFR,
the literature database and the full text databases.
MAFFIN Agropedia System hierarchy                                                                                              Agropedia: Agro-Encyclopedia


            Installed - 2000.2 Renewal - 2001.3


                                                                                                                                           Other Database
                                                       Users                                                                                 OPAC
                                                                                                                                             Database
                                                                                                                                             Services
                                                                                                                                             CC, COINS, etc




                                                                    Internet Service       Education               Current
                                                                                                                  Research
                                                                     E-mail, News,
                                                                                          Seminar                Information
                                                                     WWW Service
                                                                                          Distance Leaning         System
                                                                     for Institutes


                                                                                                                                                   Gateway
              Data Processing Division                               MAFFIN Web Center Server (Publishing for Research
             Molecular Biology, Simulation, etc                      Information)
             Fortran, C, etc

                 計算 資
  Login Server (Web Inter face)
                 源                                      Satellite Data    Data provide            Library          Literature           Internet     Mirror
                                                         Processing         System             Information         Bibliography         Archive       FAO -WAICENT
                                                                                                                                                     System
                                                          System             Weather             System                                               IRRI
 Parallel SMP      Vector Super
                                PC Cluster Server                            Statistics                                                               Genome DB
Super Computer     Computer
                                                                             Satellites, GIS                                                          Gene resource




                                                                                                                                NFS File Server (1.3TB + 1.8TB)
                                  File Storage System for Computer Center / Research Information Center                         Tape Storage (120TB)
                                                                                                                                Backup System



                                              Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Network
What's APAN?

APAN is a non-profit international consortium established on 3
June 1997. APAN is intended to be a high-performance network
for research and development on advanced applications and
services.
APAN provides advanced networking environment for research
community, and promotes international collaboration.
                         Background

   One of the most urgent requirements for the Asia-Pacific
    research community is to progress the establishment of high-
    speed network services for research and development in
    advanced networking applications and services.
   This requirement was recognized at the APEC Symposium for
    Realizing the Information Society Field of R&D Activities in
    March 1996 and the APEC Test bed Forum in June 1996.
   The benefits envisaged from providing a high speed research
    network to link Asia and other continents' networks include
    availability of advanced networking for test bed and other
    applications.
   As a result, the Members have agreed to work towards setting
    up an APAN to provide open networking services for research
    and development of advanced applications and services.
         APAN Members


Primary Members    Affiliate Member
- Australia        - CGIAR
- Japan
- Korea            Liaison Members
- Singapore        - Canada
- USA              - Europe

Associate Member   Other Members
- Malaysia         - Hong Kong
- China            - Indonesia
                   - Thailand
                   - Philippines
Map of Network Topology
                                                                1999.10.1
                    APAN Link Information                       apan-sec

Countries   Network            Bandwidth(Mbps)   Availability   AUP
JP-AU       RWCP-ACSys                 1.5          Now         Research & Education
JP-CN       AI3(CSTNET)                1.5       1999-2000      Research & Education
            SINET(CERNET)              1.5       1999-2000      Research & Education
JP-HK       AI3(HKUST)                 1.5          Now         Research & Education
JP-ID       AI3(ITB)                   1.5          Now         Research & Education
JP-KR       APII                       8            Now         APII Project
JP-MY       AI3(USM)                   1.5       1999-2000      Research & Education
JP-LK       AI3(UC)                    1.5        2000(?)       Research & Education
JP-PH       MAFFIN(PHNET)              0.75         Now         Research & Education
            AI3(SICU)                  1.5        2000(?)       Research & Education
JP-SG       APII                       2            Now         APII Project
            AI3                        1.5       1999-2000      Research & Education
JP-TH       AI3(AIT)                   1.5          Now         Research & Education
            SINET(NECTEC)              2            Now         Research & Education
JP-VN       AI3(IIT)                   1.5       1999-2000      Research & Education
JP-US       IMNet-HPIIS               73            Now         High Performance Research
KR-SG       APII                       2            Now         APII Project
KR-US       Kornet                     2            Now         Cache
            Pubnet                   20             Now         Non-commercial
MY-SG       TEMAN (SingaREN)           2            Now         Research
SG-US       SingaREN                 14             Now         Research & Education
                         APAN Organization

                               Committee

Allocation/User Service Committee    Secretariat
                   Travel Support    Engineering Team/NOC



    Technology Area                  User Community Area
          Cache                            Agriculture
          IPv6                             Astronomy (pending)
          Network Storage                  BioInformatics
          Multicast                        Digital Library
          Measurement                      Earth Monitoring
          Multimedia                       Education
          Satellite Internet               Grid
          Television                       Medical Informatics
          QoS                              Global Design & Manuf.
       APAN Committee & WG Meetings


   1997
              Tokyo, Japan, 2-3 June
   1998
              Tsukuba, Japan, 2-5 March, with IWS98
              Seoul, Korea, 1-3 July, with KRNET98
   1999
              Osaka, Japan, 19-21 February, with IWS99
              Canberra, Australia, 21-24 September
   2000
              Tsukuba, Japan, 15-17 February, with IWS2000
              Beijing, China, 22-25 August
                 Agriculture Working Group
                          (AG-WG)


   Founded in March 2, 1998
    at Tsukuba
   Most active group in user
    User Community Area
   Related Working Groups
        Earth Monitoring
        BioInformatics
        Education
        Digital Library
                 Purpose of AG-WG
   The promotion of the international cooperation research
    which utilizes APAN circuit
   The sharing of research information resources
   The support of the APAN project beginning
   The promotion of national AG-WG, the agricultural
    information research group forming and the activation
   The introduction and the introduction of the new information
    science technology

Current members:
Australia, China, Korea, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia,
Philippine, Singapore, Thailand and IRRI/CGIAR
                         * Bold character established National AG-WG.
                          Activity phase of AG-WG

            Anytime Anywhere, Research Collaborative Environment

Phase III                 Collaboration tools and Middle ware
                              Sharing, Archiving, Distribution
                                                    Earth            Bibliography
              Gene resource   Soil, Vegetation
                                                    observation      Statistics

Phase II      Genome, DNA     Environment           Meteorological
                                                                     Education,
                                                                     Training materials
                                                 etc.

              Cooperation with Technology area and other Application WGs
                                        etc.
               Domestic                Each countries                    Domestic
               Network                                                   Network
Phase I
                                          APAN
                                                    TransPAC
                                      vBNS, Internet2
                  APAN Bio-Mirror
   Node AU, CN, JP, KR, MY, SG, TH, US
   Data
      Biological Sequence Databases

          GenBank,EMBL,DDBJ

      Protein Biosequence Databases

          SWISS-PROT, TrEMBL, PIR

      Other Databases

          Include BLOCKS, ENZYME,
           PROSITE, REBASE.
   Current data size: about 23 GB
      Daily update (about 1 GB/month)
                                        Cont’d

         APAN Bio-Mirror


Needs for Bio-Databases

    Biological Sequence Database
       Database catalogs

       An example of SwisProt record

    Background of bio-database
       Data flow

    Major demand for bio-database
       Rice Genome research

       Homology search
                                                                 Cont’d

                APAN Bio-Mirror

    Bio-Mirrors for providing Bio-DB

    Troubles in getting a database
       Growth of databases, Data size and update frequency of
        DNA database
    Benefits
       Getting robust mirrors of databases

       Reducing network traffic

       Keeping standard databases to be updated

       Providing network beginners with an easy introduction
        of mirrors.
                       Wild Turkey
      Digital Asset Mobilization Project of the CGIAR:
Archiving, sharing and distribution of agricultural information




                         CGIAR
                                                                      Cont’d
                           Wild Turkey
                              Purpose

1. Make IRRI information products accessible to national
agricultural research systems regionally, in Asia, and globally via
information systems at MAFFIN through APAN, initially; later:
via additional mirror sites around the world.

2. Develop an inventory of digital information assets of IRRI
and of sister centers in the CGIAR, stimulating the development
of standards to facilitate sharing and mobilization of information
where appropriate.

3. Enable the information resources, including scientists, of IRRI
and of the CGIAR to be available for use in the development and
especially the delivery of advanced course materials via distance
learning in agricultural disciplines. In so doing this the project
will seek to develop technical capacity for 1 generating and
delivering and 2 using such materials effectively
                                                                Cont’d
                        Wild Turkey
             The sharing of the gene resource databases
                     of the rice through APAN


   RICE: The most important cropper in Asia region

   The development of the crossing road search system by the
    Web interface

   The participating gene banks
        IRRI, Japan, Thailand, China
                                           Cont’d
           Wild Turkey
Mirroring: The digital contents of CGIAR
                                                Cont’d
           Wild Turkey
           Distance Learning
The interactive remote video conference

e.g. IRRI/Philippines <--> DoA/Thailand




                     Without APAN
                     Without APAN (via CGnet)
                      With APAN
                      With APAN
                   WAICENT Mirroring

What’s is WAICENT
 The World Agricultural Information Centre
 FAO's strategic program on information management and
  dissemination.
 WAICENT provides access to FAO's data and information to
  millions of users per month from around the world.
                                                          Cont’d
             WAICENT Mirroring
                    Present Situation


Japan       Korea          Philippines    Thailand




                    WAICENT              Other Counties
                     Rome




Malaysia   Indonesia         Singapore    Australia
                                                                                     Cont’d
                           WAICENT Mirroring
Example performance: Indonesia - FAO
 Ping to www.fao.org ping statistics --
 29 packets transmitted, 25 packets received, 13% packet loss
 round-trip min/avg/max/stddev = 853.210/896.093/1006.551/45.223 ms

 >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
 traceroute to www.fao.org (193.43.36.7), 30 hops max, 40 byte packets
  1 router (167.205.206.197) 0.823 ms 0.576 ms 0.556 ms
  2 ITB-Unpad-Pasca.ITB.ac.id (167.205.207.81) 2.437 ms 2.279 ms 2.233 ms
  3 indonesia-bandung-wavelan.ITB.ac.id (167.205.207.1) 2.680 ms 2.599 ms 2.594 ms
  4 ai3-indonesia-ether.ITB.ac.id (167.205.23.2) 3.108 ms 3.088 ms 3.066 ms
  5 bsdi3-ne0.ai3.net (202.249.47.33) 3.643 ms 3.603 ms 3.590 ms
  6 202.249.47.81 (202.249.47.81) 502.979 ms 503.217 ms 502.948 ms
  7 bay2.ai3.net (202.249.47.24) 503.969 ms 503.770 ms 503.740 ms
  8 cisco6.nara.wide.ad.jp (203.178.140.225) 507.173 ms 504.862 ms 504.863 ms
  9 cisco2.otemachi.wide.ad.jp (203.178.136.85) 523.230 ms * 522.555 ms
 10 cisco1.otemachi.wide.ad.jp (203.178.137.33) 522.929 ms 522.368 ms 522.413 ms
 11 cisco4.otemachi.wide.ad.jp (203.178.138.114) 684.802 ms 702.444 ms 731.720 ms
 12 210.132.94.69 (210.132.94.69) 651.611 ms 690.399 ms *
 13 203.181.96.165 (203.181.96.165) 658.117 ms * 663.247 ms
 14 tr-ote2.kddnet.ad.jp (203.181.96.150) 687.739 ms 669.187 ms 644.626 ms
 15 border5-hssi1-0.Sacramento.cw.net (204.70.120.5) 684.813 ms 650.297 ms 690.777
 ms
 16 core6.SanFrancisco.cw.net (204.70.4.89) 676.879 ms 689.990 ms 680.774 ms
 17 mci-bbn-hay2.core6.bbnplanet.net (206.157.77.18) 664.559 ms 660.372 ms 665.480
 ms
 18 * p3-3.paloalto-nbr1.bbnplanet.net (4.0.1.218) 674.928 ms 716.532 ms
 19 p2-0.nyc4-nbr2.bbnplanet.net (4.0.2.202) 793.054 ms 770.074 ms 779.710 ms
 20 p8-0-0.london2-cr2.bbnplanet.net (4.0.5.134) 860.682 ms * 810.362 ms
 21 s0-1-0.amsterdam1-cr1.bbnplanet.net (195.16.160.73) 814.034 ms * 851.396 ms
 22 s0-1.faoun.bbnplanet.net (195.16.168.14) 864.048 ms 872.985 ms 852.613 ms
 23 193.43.36.7 (193.43.36.7) 874.429 ms 866.353 ms 896.239 ms
                                                                   Cont’d

                  WAICENT Mirroring
                               Step - I

WAICENT mirror
    Japan           Korea          Philippines     Thailand


                 Data

  WAICENT                    APAN
   Rome                                           Other Counties
                            Tokyo XP




   Malaysia        Indonesia          Singapore    Australia
                                                                       Cont’d
                      WAICENT Mirroring
                                Step - II

WAICENT mirror    WAICENT mirror   WAICENT mirror    WAICENT mirror
    Japan            Korea          Philippines        Thailand

 WAICENT
  Rome
                              APAN
   DANTE ?                                            Other Counties
                             Tokyo XP
                                                      WAICENT mirror
  STAR TAP



   Malaysia         Indonesia          Singapore        Australia
 WAICENT mirror   WAICENT mirror    WAICENT mirror    WAICENT mirror
                 ANDES
Asia- Pacific Network for Disaster Mitigation
      using Earth Observation Satellite
                                                                      Cont’d
                                ANDES
              Asia- Pacific Network for Disaster Mitigation
                    using Earth Observation Satellite

The objective of this project is to detect and inform disasters in
Asia-Pacific region as soon as possible by using satellite data and
high-capacity network systems.

The following four study themes are executed: such as the study
on
    Real time Archiving: to develop a real time archiving and
     delivering system of satellite data
    Forest Fire: to detect fire and create fire risk map
    Agricultural Disaster: to detect flood and create drought
     risk map
    Heavy rain: to evaluate the data of Tropical Rain
     Measuring Mission (TRMM).
                                       ANDES                               Cont’d

                      Asia- Pacific Network for Disaster Mitigation    DMSP-OLS
                            using Earth Observation Satellite
                                                                      NOAA-NGDC
       TransPAC                        STARTAP
                             NOAA
                                                                        NCAR
                            AIT/TH

       APAN
                                                                        vBNS


        IMnet

                                                                        NREN
NOAA
       MAFFIN
       Processing,                Asia Pacific countries                NASA
       Archiving
       Distribution                                                     TRMM
                       Pisces
Supply of DMSP Data For Asian Pacific Earth Monitoring
               Applications in APAN
                                                                            Cont’d
                                Pisces
      Supply of DMSP Data For Asian Pacific Earth Monitoring
                     Applications in APAN


   The U.S. Air Force Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
    (DMSP) operates a series of day-night and dawn-dusk satellites
    equipped with earth and space environment sensors. Premiere earth
    observation sensors include the Operational Line scan System
    (OLS)and the Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSMI).
   OLS can be used to monitor fires, heavily lit fishing boats, power
    conditions in cities, and tropical storm systems.
   SSMI data can be used to monitor tropical storms and rainfall rates.
   The U.S. Air Force limits direct access to DMSP data. The NOAA
    NGDC serves as the long term archive for DMSP data and
    provides access to the data for civil and environmental applications.
   Under this project, NGDC will supply DMSP data of the Asian
    Pacific region to MAFFIN, CRISP, SEA-START and other
    potential users with APAN membership and connectivity.
                            Eco-DB
      Searching & sharing Ecosystem-data through WWW:
    Establishment of infrastructure and its application to other
             Agro-Ecosystem studies and practices

Background
Fact data on Gas and Energy exchange over various ecosystems
are needed to reveal the Global Change and to develop Models
for climate estimation and application.
However, the limited access to the data is serious problem.

                        Thus, we have been




                       Providing the fact database

       Developing the infrastructure using World Wide Web
                                                                       Cont’d
System diagram of the Ecosystem Database
                      Eco-DB                                          Eco-DB Con

                               Local
  Data     Picture            Network        Internet                    User
                                                                         Host
 Quality
 Control                                                Web Browser
                                          Web page     Netscape
     DB server                             Graph          IE
                          Web server    Numerical data
                  Data

                                            Action
   Numerical Data Query
    Graphic data
   Documentation

            PC+Windows NT        Firewall system
                                  Eco-DB                                        Cont’d



     Observation sites in the Ecosystem Database

           Inner-Mongolia, Semi-arid Area                    Alaska, Arctic tundra




                                            ・Rice field
                                            ・Lotus field
                                            ・Soybean field
                                            ・Grassland
                                            ・Kushiro mire


Sardinia, Mediterranean Macchia      California, Chaparral (SDSU)

                                              Arizona, FACE/wheat (USDA)
    Present Issues and Agenda of AG-WG

   Way to start up research collaborations
          Still personal-based incentives

   Poor inland network infrastructure
          Good connectivity between centers

          Does not facilitate communication between
            centers and clients
   Computer literacy
   Too much priority on hardware
   Unstable funds
   Voluntary NGO-like activities
  Muito obrigado!
Thank you very much!




                       Contact:
                       Akira Mizushima/MAFFIN
                       goddila@maffin.ad.jp

				
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