Health and safety

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					Health and safety

 Samantha Morgan

• To provide an introduction to health and
  safety in the workplace
• Explain the common terms used within health and
• Identify common risks/hazards within the Veterinary
• Identify control methods to limit risks and hazards
  within the veterinary practice
• Describe infection control methods within the
  veterinary practice
• Describe radiation control methods within the
  veterinary practice
• List fire regulations that need to be in place

• Every year about 500 people are killed at work
  in Britain
• Several hundred more are injured and suffer ill
• Almost all the risks to health and safety arising
  from work activity in Britain are regulated
  through a single legislative
• Health and Safety at Work Act 1974

• Management of Health and Safety at Work
Health and safety at work act 1974
 • Health and Safety Commission
   – Representing employers, employees,
     local authorities and others, as
   – Primary function is to make
     arrangements to secure the health,
     safety and welfare of people at work,
     and the public
  Health and safety at work act 1974
• Health and Safety Executive
  – Three people appointed by the Commission
  – It has some specific statutory responsibilities of its
    own, notably for the enforcement of health and
    safety law.

• Risk
  – A chance of disaster or loss

• Hazard
  – Exposure to risk
• Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
• Governs safety procedures
 Slipping and tripping at work...
• Common cause of injury
• Happens in all businesses
• Estimated cost to employers of all these
  injuries is over £300 million a year
            Manual handling

• Manual Handling Regulations 1992
• Common veterinary nursing complaint
• Accounts for more than a third of accidents
  reported to RIDDOR
             Pressure systems
• Pressure Systems Safety Regulations 2000
• Gas cylinders and autoclaves contain fluid
  under pressure
• They can cause serious damage
• Mainly through
  – Poor design
  – Incorrect filling
  – Operator mistake
    Using computer screens...
• The Health and Safety (Display Screen
  Equipment) Regulations 1992
• Can cause repetitive strain injury
• Caused by
  – poor work stations
  – lack of training
  – not taking breaks from the computer

• Ionising radiation regulations 1999
• Local rules
• Radiation protection supervisor (RPS)
  – Appointed within practice
• Radiation protection advisor (RPA)
  – Externally appointed
       Harmful effects of radiation
•   Inflammation
•   Blood disorders
•   Death of tissue
•   Death or mutation of developing foetus
•   Damage to gonads
•   Infertility
•   Production of tumours
Scatter radiation
• Lead backed
  – cassettes
  – aprons (0.25-0.5mm thickness)
  – gloves (0.35mm thickness)
  – table (1mm thickness)
• Dose meters
  – Film badges
  – Thermolucent crystal badge
  – 50 mSv
• Warning signs
• Be aged over 16 years
• Minimum of 2 metres from the primary beam
  (controlled area)
• Record exposures
• Minimum restraint during radiography
 Working with hazardous substances..
• Control of Substances Hazardous to Health
  Regulations 2002
• Exposure can happen through breathing them
  in, contact with skin, splashing into eyes and
• Exposure can cause serious illness
• Working with animals can trigger allergies
             Staff rest room
• Adequate rest facility should be provided
• Away from the working areas
• A sink should be provided for washing up and
  preparation of food and drinks
           Car park/entrance
• Health and safety extends to the boundaries
  of the premises
• Adequate lighting should be provided
• Facility’s for disposing of animal waste
• Maintenance of the grounds
             Practice vehicles
• Drugs should be stored safely and correctly
• Provisions for the immediate disposal of
  clinical waste and sharps
      Pregnancy in the work place
• Should not stop you working
• Employer should be informed in writing asap
• New Risk assessments should be completed
   – As the pregnancy progresses the risk assessments will need
     to be reviewed
• Avoid contact with
   – body fluids
   – cat litter trays
   – new born lambs
• Avoid radiography
                     First Aid
• The Health and Safety (First Aid) regulations
  – Employers to provide
     • Appropriate equipment
     • Facilities
     • Personnel
• Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous
  Occurrence Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR)
                 Fire safety
• You should be familiar with the procedures

• Keep a lookout for situations that could help
  cause a fire
• Comply with no smoking signs
• Be aware how to raise the fire alarm
                Fire safety
• Nearest place of safety preferably outside
  the building
• Keep escape routes clear
• Don't store a heat source or combustible
  material anywhere near a means of
• Keep fire doors closed
• Report any problems with routes of
                  Fire safety
In the event of a fire
• Be aware of fire procedures
• Raise the alarm immediately
• Inform emergency services
• You are responsible for any contractors, visitors
   or clients in the practice
• Animals should be escorted from the practice
   where possible without endangering your own
           Fire extinguishers
• You should be trained how to use a fire
• Extinguishers are colour coded for the type
  of fire that they should be used on
• Extinguishers should be sited near to the
  appropriate fire risk

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