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					Japan’s Challenges
Towards Recovery


        May 10, 2011
 Interchange Association, Japan
                                Table of Contents
A. Japan Faces an Unprecedented Challenge (Enormous Earthquake, Tsunamis and Nuclear Accident)
 1. Damage
 2. Rescue Efforts and Foreign Assistance
 3. Nuclear Power Stations

B. Key Challenges
1. Cool Down the Reactors
2. Contain the Spread of Radioactive Substances (sea, soil and atmosphere)
3. Rigorous and Intensive Monitoring
4. Ensure the Safety of Food, Products, On-site Workers, Ports and Airports

C. Impact on Japanese Economy
1. Estimated Economic Damage of the Tohoku-Pacific Ocean Earthquake and Plan for
   Reconstruction
2. Impact on Energy Supply/Demand in Japan

D.   Information sharing and cooperation with the international community
1.   Cooperation with International Organizations
2.   Speedy Dissemination of Accurate Information
3.   Press Release by International Organizations                                                1
A. Japan Faces an Unprecedented Challenge
    (Enormous Earthquake, Tsunamis and Nuclear Accident)




1. Damage


2. Rescue Efforts and Foreign Assistance


3. Nuclear Power Stations


                                                           2
        Great Support of the International Community



Japan deeply appreciates the
assistance offered from


146 countries and regions and
 39 international organizations


Rescue teams were sent from 25
countries, regions and international            US Navy/US Pacific Command
                                                (Operation Tomodachi)
organizations



                                                                             3
A. Japan Faces an Unprecedented Challenge
   (Enormous Earthquake, Tsunamis and Nuclear Accident)




                                             Earthquakes:
                                              M - 9.0 quake (March 11)
                                              M - 7 class 5 times
                                              M - 6 class 72 times
                                              M - 5 class 423 times




                   ■
              TOKYO■   Fukushima Dai-ichi




                                                                         4
      1. Damage
                Casualties : over 26,000
                   ・Dead : over 14,000
                   ・Missing : over 11,000

                Evacuees : over 130,000
                                           (As of April 25th)




KYODO NEWS




   KYODO NEWS
                      NOAA/US Dept of Commerce, http://wcatwc.arh.noaa.gov/
                                                                              5
2. Rescue Efforts and Foreign Assistance




                                      Ministry of Defense


       KYODO NEWS




                Ministry of Defense    Ministry of Defense

                                                             6
                3. Nuclear Power Stations
     Nuclear Reactors near Epicenter of the Earthquake
4 Nuclear Power Stations with 14 Units
                                                           automatic       cold
                                                           shut down    shut down
                                Onagawa
                                  Unit 1 524 MW, 1984-
                                  Unit 2 825 MW, 1995-
                                  Unit 3 825 MW, 2002-
                                Fukushima Dai-ichi
                                  Unit 1 460 MW, 1971-
                                  Unit 2 784 MW, 1974-
                                  Unit 3 784 MW, 1976-
                                  Unit 4 784 MW, 1978-
                                                           Periodical
                                  Unit 5 784 MW, 1978-
                                                           inspection
                                  Unit 6 1,100 MW, 1979-
                                Fukushima Dai-ni
                                  Unit 1 1,100 MW, 1982-
                                  Unit 2 1,100 MW, 1984-
                                  Unit 3 1,100 MW, 1985-
                                  Unit 4 1,100 MW, 1987-
                                Tokai Dai-ni
                                  Unit 1 1,100 MW, 1978-

                                                                                7
                      3. Nuclear Power Stations
               Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station

Before the Earthquake and Tsunamis           After the Earthquake and Tsunamis




                                        t
                                    Un i
                                  t   6
                              Un i
                                5
                            Unit
                       Unit   1
                Unit     2
        Unit     3
         4
                                     TEPCO                   Air Photo Service Inc (Myoko, Niigata Japan)
                                                                                                      8
             3. Nuclear Power Stations
      Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station
 Cause of the Damage                                 Huge Tsunami

        Grid Line                              46 Meter     46 Meter

      ① Loss of off-site power
        due to the earthquake



                 Reactor
                 Building
                                                                  GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy
         About          About    Turbine
          40M            20M     Building                 Tsunami (estimated 14m)


              Diesel Generator                                         Breakwater
                                        Elevation:                     5.4 ~5.7m
② Diesel generator inoperable
  due to the tsunami                    about 10m
                                                                       Seawater level
   All motor operated pumps including
   ECCS became inoperable                                 Seawater Pump                       9
            3. Nuclear Power Stations
     Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station
                                                   μSv/hour
                                                   (As of Apr. 25th)




                                Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS


                                Fukushima Dai-ni NPS




20 km radius of the plant and other designated areas
                 → no-entry zone, planned evacuation zone
Other areas of the 30km radius of the plant
                 → emergency evacuation preparation area 10
 B. Key Challenges

1. Cool Down the Reactors
2. Contain the Spread of Radioactive Substances
   (sea, soil and atmosphere)
3. Rigorous and Intensive Monitoring
4. Ensure the Safety of Food, Products, and On-site
   Workers



                                                      11
                                              1. Cool Down the Reactors                                                             (As of April 25th)

                                                              Unit 1                 Unit 2                     Unit 3                   Unit 4




Type / MW / Commercial Operation                        BWR / 460 / Mar 71-     BWR / 784 / Jul 74-       BWR / 784 / Mar 76-       BWR / 784 / Oct 78-
Status at time of Earthquake                        In Operation              In Operation            In Operation              Periodical Inspection Outage

      Automatic Shutdown                                                                                                        -
      Fresh Water Injection                                                                                                     -

      Water Level [mm]                              -1,700 (A)                -1,500 (A)              -1,850(A)
                                                                                                                                -
      (distance from the top of fuel)               -1,700 (B)                -2,100 (B)              -2,250 (B)
R
P                                                       0.541 (A)              0.081 (A)*                 0.046 (A)*
      Reactor Pressure [Mpa]                                                                                                    -
V                                                       1.261 (B)*             0.074 (D)*                 0.012 (C)*
      Temperature
                                                             ℃
                                                        137.7℃ *                    ℃
                                                                               122.9℃                         ℃
                                                                                                          74.6℃ *
      - Feedwater Nozzle                                                                                                        -
      - Bottom Head of RPV                                   ℃
                                                        111.3℃                 N/A                         ℃
                                                                                                      110.8℃
  S   Fresh Water Injection
  F
      Temperature                                   -                            ℃
                                                                               47℃                    -                         -
  P
Building                                            Damage                    Slight Damage           Damage                    Damage
AC Power
                                         **
(Lighting of Central Operation Room )
*Under monitoring of the change of the situation.                                                                                                     12
                       1. Cool Down the Reactors
                                (Unit 1)                                                                  (As of Apr 25th)



                                                                                         Spray

                                                                                             Fuel Bundle
                                              Damaged                                        ・400
                                                                                             Spent Fuel in the Pool
                                           Spent Fuel Pool Cooling System
                                                                                             ・292 + 100 (new)


                                                                                         Injecting fresh water
                                        The fuel                                              or seawater
                                       pellets are                                       Major Events
                                       presumed
                                         to be                                           ・Mar.12 - Venting started
                                        melting                                          ・Mar.12 - Hydrogen explosion
                                                                                         ・Mar.12 - Seawater injection to
                                                                                                   reactor core
                                                                                         ・Mar.25 - Fresh water injection to
                                                                                                   reactor core
                               TEPCO
                                                                                         ・Mar.31 - Fresh water spray by
                                   Damaged                     Recovered                           concrete pump trucks
                                                                                                   to spent fuel pool
 Emergency Diesel Generator
                                                                                         ・Apr. 7 - Injection of nitrogen to
                                                     External Power                               the primary containment
Residual Heat Removal System           (Mar.24- connected to the central control room)
                                                                                                  vessel
                                                                                                                       13
                           1. Cool Down the Reactors
                                    (Unit 2)                                                                      (As of Apr 25th)




                                                                                                   Fuel Bundle
                                                   Damaged                                         ・548
                                                Spent Fuel Pool Cooling System                     Spent Fuel in the Pool
                                                                                                   ・587 + 28 (new)


                                                                                               Injecting fresh water
                                              The fuel                                              or seawater
                                             pellets are
                                             presumed                                          Major Events
                                               to be
                                                                                               ・Mar.13 - Venting started
                                              melting
                                                                                               ・Mar.14 - Seawater injection to
                                                                                                          reactor core
                                                      Possible damage of                       ・Mar.15 - Sound of explosion
                                                   the suppression chamber                     ・Mar.20 - Seawater injection to spent
                                                                                                         fuel pool (SFP)
                       Ministry of Defense
                                                                                               ・Mar.26 - Fresh water injection to
                                  Damaged                          Recovered                             reactor core
 Emergency Diesel Generator                                                                    ・Mar.29 - Fresh water injection to
                                                                                                         SFP
                                                           External Power
Residual Heat Removal System                 (Mar.26- connected to the central control room)                                   14
                              1. Cool Down the Reactors
                              1. Cool Down the Reactors
                                      (Unit 3)                                                                    (As of 18:30 April 8th, 2011)
                                       (Unit 3)                                                                               (As of Apr 25th)


                                                                                                          Spray
                                                                                                                  Fuel Bundle
                                                                Damaged                                           ・548
                                                             Spent Fuel Pool Cooling System                       Spent Fuel in the Pool
                                                                                                                  ・514 + 52 (new)


                                                                                                            Injecting fresh water
                                                          The fuel                                               or seawater
                                                         pellets are
                                                         presumed                                           Major Events
                                                           to be
                                                                                                            ・Mar.13 - Venting started
                                                          melting
                                                                                                            ・Mar.13 - Seawater injection to
                                                                                                                       reactor core
                                                                                                            ・Mar.14 - Hydrogen explosion
                                                                                                            ・Mar.20 - Sprayed to spent fuel
                                                                                                                      pool (SFP) by Tokyo
         Air Photo Service Inc (Myoko, Niigata Japan)
                                                                                                                      Fire Department
                                                        Damaged                     Recovered               ・Mar.25 - Fresh water injection
    Emergency Diesel                                                                                                  to reactor core
       Generator                                                                                            ・Mar.29 - Fresh water spray by
                                                                     External Power                                   concrete pump trucks
Residual Heat Removal System                                                                                          to SFP
                                                        (Mar.22- connected to the central control room)                                     15
                 1. Cool Down the Reactors
                     2. (Unit 4)
                          (Unit 4)                                                                             April Apr 25th)
                                                                                                  (As of 18:30(As of8th, 2011)



                                                                                          Spray
                                                                                                   Fuel Bundle
                                                                                                   ・0
                                                   Damaged                                         Spent Fuel in the Pool
                                                Spent Fuel Pool Cooling System                     ・1331 + 204 (new)


                                                                                No Fuel in Reactor Pressure Vessel
                                                                                                 Major Events

                                                                                                 ・Mar.15 - Fire occurred
                                                                                                 ・Mar.16 - Fire occurred
                                                                                                 ・Mar.20 - Seawater spray by
                                                                                                           Self- Defense
                                                                                                            Forces to spent
                                                                                                            fuel pool (SFP)
                                                                                                 ・Mar.25 - Seawater injection
                                                                                                           to SFP
                                                                                                 ・Mar.30 - Fresh water spray
                                                                      Recovered                            by concrete pump
Air Photo Service Inc (Myoko, Niigata Japan)
                                                                                                           trucks to SFP
                                                            External Power
                                               (Mar.29- connected to the central control room)                             16
                     1. Cool Down the Reactors
                             (Unit 5&6)                                                           (As of Apr 25th)

                                            Fuel Bundle                            Fuel Bundle
                                           ・Unit5 : 548                           ・Unit6 : 764
                                            Spent Fuel in the Pool                 Spent Fuel in the Pool
                                           ・Unit 5 : 946 + 48 (new)               ・Unit 6: 876 + 64 (new)


                                                                  Functioning
                                                             Spent Fuel Pool Cooling
                                                          Spent Fuel Pool Cooling System
                                                                      System




                            KYODO NEWS




                    Functioning
External Power [Unit 5]     Emergency Diesel Generator                      Recovered
                                                                        External Power [Unit 6]
                           Residual Heat Removal System
                          Residual Heat Removal System           (Mar.22- connected to the central control room)   17
         Other Nuclear Power Stations in the Tohoku Area

Onagawa (3 Units)
                                          All units (Units 1-3)
                                          were immediately                               Onagawa
                                          shut down
                                          automatically, then
                                                                                         Fukushima Dai-ichi
                                          safely went into cold
                                          shutdown.
                                                                                         Fukushima Dai-ni
         Tohoku Electric Power Co., Inc


                                                                                         Tokai Dai-ni



Fukushima Dai-ni (4 Units)                                         Tokai Dai-ni (1 Unit)
All units (Units 1-4)                                              The unit was
were immediately                                                   immediately shut
shut down                                                          down automatically,
automatically, then                                                then safely went to
safely went to cold                                                cold shut down.
shut down.
                                                                                           The Japan Atomic Power Company
                                                           TEPCO                                                        18
               2. Contain the Spread of Radioactive Substances
                                       (sea, soil and atmosphere)


  The Japanese Government and TEPCO are making the utmost efforts to prevent the
dispersion of flow-out radioactive contaminated water.

                                                                      Major Events
                      Locking in radioactive materials
                                                                     ・Mar. 27
                      by spraying synthetic resin
                                                                       Stagnant water on the basement
                                            Unit 2          Unit 1     floor of the turbine building of Unit2
                                  Unit 3                               and in the trenches found
Radioactive waste                                                      to be highly contaminated
treatment facility    Unit 4                                         ・Apr. 2
                                                                       Highly contaminated water
                                                                       discovered leaking into the sea .
                                                                     ・Apr. 6
                                                                        Leak of contaminated water
                                                                        into the sea was stopped.
                                                                     ・Apr. 12
                                                                        Transfer of stagnant water in the trench
                                                                        of Unit2 to the condenser started.
         Megafloat                          Contaminated             ・Apr. 19
                                            water leak stopped
                                                                         Transfer of stagnant water in the
                               Condensate storage tank                   trench of Unit 2 to the radioactive waste
                                                                         treatment facilities started


                                                                                                               19
           2. Contain the Spread of Radioactive Substances
                                    (Preventing the Spread of Water)                  (As of April
                                                   24th)

  Silt fences, steel plates, and sandbags with radioactive-substance absorption material have
been installed to contain the spread of radioactive water. The Japanese Government and
TEPCO carefully monitor seawater at 28 locations.




                  Unit 1 Unit 2         Unit 3     Unit 4



        Silt fences          (Installed on 4/14)
        Steel plate          (Installed on 4/15)
        Sandbags             (Installed on 4/17)
        Sandbags containing Zeolite (Preparing)
        Steel sheet pile       (Under Planning)

                                                                                                     20
       2. Contain the Spread of Radioactive Substances
                                 (sea, soil and atmosphere)

  Experts are making the utmost efforts to prevent dispersing radioactive substances
contained in dust, debris and vapor.

                     Spraying synthetic materials on the surface of the ground
                     and debris to prevent radioactive substances dispersion




                                                                                 TEPCO   21
            Roadmap towards Restoration from the Accident
                                                                           (announced by TEPCO on
Mar.11      Apr.17                       Apr.17)
                           Around 3 months                                     Around 6~9 months

                               Step 1                                                Step 2

                                                                                Controlling release of
                            Radiation dose
   Target                                                                        radioactive materials
                           in steady decline
                                                                         (significant reduction of dose level)
                           Stable cooling
                           - Resume heat exchange function
   [Reactors]              - [Unit 1,3] flood up to top of active fuel
                                                                                Achieve cold shutdown
                           - [Unit 2] Seal the damaged location

                           Stable cooling                                       More stable cooling
                           - Enhance reliability of water injection              - Keep sufficient level of water
   [Spent Fuel Pools]
                           - Restore coolant circulation system                    by remote-control
                           - [Unit 4] Install supporting structure               - Resume heat exchange function

                           Secure storage place                                 Decrease contaminated water
   [Contaminated Water]    - Prevention of outflow to the outside of the        (decontamination and desalt)
                             site
   [Contaminated           Prevention of spread                                 Install reactor building cover
        Atmosphere/Soil]                                                                                            22
                3. Rigorous and Intensive Monitoring
  TEPCO monitors radioactivity levels every 10 minutes and releases the results
immediately. Radioactivity levels rose on March 15th, but have since fallen and
remain low.
  Monitoring posts and the readings at the                  Environmental Radioactivity Level
        Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS                               at the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS
                                                  μ
                                                 (μSv/h                             Measurement point:
                                                  (μSv/h)
                                                    )                                  Main Gate (1.0km from Unit2)
                                                               Explosion in Unit2
                           Unit 1~6              12,000                             or West Gate (1.1km from Unit2)

                                                                     White smoke
                                                                     from Unit3
Near West Gate
21.0 μSv/h                                        4,000



                                                                      Grayish smoke from Unit3
                                                  2,000



                                                    0



 Main Gate
53.0 μSv/h      (as of 10:00 April 25th, 2011)                                                             TEPCO
                                                                                                                23
            Monitoring Posts out of Fukushima
Readings at Readings at Monitoring Posts Dai-ichi NPS
        out of Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS
                                                                         μSv/hour
                                                                        (As of Apr.25th)




                                                       Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS



                                                       Fukushima Dai-ni NPS




                    Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)   24
                                            Atmospheric Readings
(µSv/h)
30
                                Fukushima
25
                                  61km                                Max.
20
15
10
                                                                      Min.
 5
 0                                                                           Green box indicates
       rrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr
       a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a ppppp pppppp ppppp ppp          normal range of
       M M M M M M MM M M - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
         - ----- ---- -----
       - M- M M M- M M - M M MA A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A
       34567890123456789011234567890123456789          1111111111            radioactivity
       1111111222222222233

(µSv/h)
0.40
                                     Tokyo                                                                    Fukushima
                                                                                                              Dai-ichi
0.30                                 230km                            Max.


0.20


0.10
                                                                      Min.
0.00
          rrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr
          a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a ppppppppppppppppppp
          M M M M M M M M M AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
            ------------------
          -M M M M M M M M M ------------------
          4567890123456789011234567890123456789        1111111111                    MEXT, Fukushima Prefectural Government
          111111222222222233
                                                                                                                        25
                                               Atmospheric Readings
(µSv/h)
0.40
                                     Hokkaido
0.30                                  630km                                  Max.


0.20


0.10                                                                         Min.
                                                                                    Green box indicates
0.00                                                                                normal range of
          rrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr
          aaa aaaa aaaa aaaaa aappppppppppppppppppp
                                  M
          MMMMMMMMMMMM MMMMMA A A A A A A A A - - - - - - - - - -
                                                                                    radioactivity
          - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - AAAAAAAAAA
          456 7890 1234 56789 0112 3456 789 0123 4567 89        1111111111
          111 1112 2222 22222 33




                                                                                                                  Fukushima
                                         Osaka                                                                    Dai-ichi
                                         580km




                                                                                        MEXT, Fukushima Prefectural Government
                                                                                                                           26
4. Ensure the Safety of Food, Products, On-site Workers, Ports and Airports
                                                            Safety of Food
   Japan inspects radioactivity in food every day, and restricts distribution of food that fails
  to meet provisional regulation values taking into consideration the spread of contamination.
                                                                                     Instructions (as of 27April 2011)
                                                                         … Not to Distribute
                                                                           *Fukushima Prefecture
                                                                                - Raw milk
                                                                                - Non-head type leafy vegetables (e.g. spinach)
                                                 Fukushima Dai-ichi             - Head type leafy vegetables (e.g. cabbage)
                                                 Nuclear Power Station          - Flowerhead brassicas (e.g. broccoli, cauliflower)
    Fukushima                                                                   - Turnip
                                                                                - Log grown shiitake (grown outdoor)
                                                                                - Juvenile(baby) fish of Japanese sand lance
                                                                           *Ibaraki Prefecture
                                                      Ibaraki                 - Spinach

                                                                         Please refer to the next slide for the details of the Instructions.




Source: Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare                                                                                           27
       The instructions associated with food by Director-General of the
                 Nuclear Emergency Response Headquarters
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 as of 27April 2011
                                                                                                                                                               Restriction of distribution
                                                                                         Fukushima                                                                   Ibaraki                                    Tochigi                 Gunma                    Chiba

                                                    Whole area                                  Individual areas                                   Whole area           Individual areas            Whole area     Individual areas    Whole area   Whole area    Individual areas
                                                                                                    3/21~4/8
                                                                        Kitakata-shi, Bandai-machi, Inawashiro-machi, Mishima-
                                                                        machi, Aizumisato-machi, Shimogo-machi, Minamiaizu-
                                                                        machi
                                                    3/21~                                          3/21~4/16
                                                   (e xc lu din         Fukushima-shi, Nihonmatsu-shi, Date-shi, Motomiya-shi,
                                                    g are as            Kunimi-machi, Otama-mura, Koriyama-shi, Sukagawa-shi,
                   raw milk                                             Tamura-shi(excluding miyakoji area), Miharu-machi, Ono-                                3/23~4/10                                          -                        -                      -
                                                   liste d on           machi, Kagamiishi-machi, Ishikawa-machi, Asakawa-machi,
                                                   th e righ t          Hirata-mura, Furudono-machi, Shirakawa-shi, Yabuki-
                                                     c e lls)           machi, Izumizaki-mura, Nakajima-mura, Saigo-mura,
                                                                        Samekawa-mura, Hanawa-machi, Yamatsuri-machi, Iwaki-
                                                                        shi
                                                                                                   3/21~4/21
                                                                        Soma-shi, Shinchi-machi
                                                                                                                                                                             3/21~                                    3/21~4/21                                       4/4~22
                                                                                                                                                   3/21~4/17
                                                                                                                                                  (excluding areas                                                                       3/21~
                                spinach              3/21~                                                                                                              K it aibar ak i - s h i 、   3/21~4/27      Nasushiobara-shi,                    -         Asahi-shi, Katori-
                                                                                                                                                    listed on the                                                                         4/8
                                                                                                                                                       right cell)        Tak ah agi- sh i                          Shioya-machi                                   shi,Tako-machi


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3/21~
                                kakina               3/21~                                                                                                     3/21~4/17                                    3/21~4/14                                             -
            non-head type                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4/8
            leafy vegetables,   garland                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4/4~22
            e.g. spinach,       chrysanthemum        3/23~                                                                                                             -                                          -                        -            -
                                (shungiku)                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Asahi-shi
            komatsuna
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4/4~22
                                qing-geng-cai        3/23~                                                                                                             -                                          -                        -            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Asahi-shi
                                sanchu asian                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/4~22
                                                     3/23~                                                                                                             -                                          -                        -            -
                                lettuce                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Asahi-shi

                                all the other        3/23~                                                                                                             -                                          -                        -                      -

                                                                                                   3/23~4/27
                                                    3/23~               Aizuwakamatsu-shi, Bandai-machi, Inawashiro-machi,
            head type leafy vegetables, e.g.        (e xc lu din g      Kitakata-shi, Kitashiobara-mura, Nishiaizu-machi,
                                                   ar e as lis t e d    Aizumisato-machi, Aizubange-machi, Yugawa-mura,                                                -                                          -                        -                      -
            cabbage
                                                   o n t h e r ig h t   Yanaizu-machi, Mishima-machi, Kaneyama-machi,
                                                       c e lls)         Syouwa-mura, Minamiaizu-machi, Shimogou-machi,
                                                                        Hinoemata-mura, Tadami-machi
Vegetable
                                                    3/23~                                          3/23~4/27
            flowerhead brassicas, e.g. broccoli,    (e xc lu din g
                                                                        Shirakawa-shi, Yabuki-machi, Nishigou-mura, Izumizaki-                                         -                                          -                        -                      -
                                                   ar e as lis t e d
            cauliflower                                                 mura, Nakajima-mura, Tanagura-machi, Yamatsuri-machi,
                                                   o n t h e r ig h t
                                                                        Hanawa-machi, Samegawa-mura
                                                       c e lls)

                            turnip                   3/23~                                                                                                             -                                          -                        -                      -

                                                           -                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/4~22
                           parsley                                                                                                                             3/23~4/17                                          -                        -            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Asahi-shi
                                                           -                                                                                                                                                                                                          4/4~22
                            celery                                                                                                                                     -                                          -                        -            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Asahi-shi
                                                                                                    4/13~
                                                                        S h in c h i- mac h i, Dat e - s h i, I it at e - mu r a, S o ma- sh i,
                                                                        M in amiso m a- sh i, Nam ie - mac h i, F u t aba- mac h i,
                                                                        O ku ma- mac h i, To m io k a- mac h i, Nar ah a- m ac h i,
                                                                        H ir o n o - mac h i, K awamat a- m ac h i, K at s u r ao - mu r a,
                                                                        Tamu r a- s h i, K awau c h i- m u r a
             log-grown shiitake (grown outdoor)            -                                        4/13~25                                                            -                                          -                        -                      -
                                                                                                     Iwaki-shi
                                                                                                    4/18~
                                                                                                F u k u sh ima- s h i
                                                                                                    4/25~
                                                                                               M o t o m i ya- sh i
 Fishery
                    sand lance (juvenile)                                                4/20~                                                                         -                                          -                        -                      -
 product                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               28
* I n stru c tio n s still impo se d are e xpre sse d in I talic type .
                     Test Result of Radionuclide in Fresh Produce

March 16-31                                                                         April 1-27
                           Exceeds                                                                               Exceeds
             Number of                                                                          Number of
Prefecture                Regulation                                               Prefecture                   Regulation
             Inspection                                                                         Inspection
                            Value                                                                                 Value
                                                                                                                                                       ○○

Fukushima      287           71                                                    Fukushima      566              71

 Ibaraki       140           40                                                     Ibaraki       264               4

 Tochigi        55           11                                                     Tochigi        62               0

  Chiba         65           11                                                      Chiba         95               0

 Gunma          70            3                                                     Gunma         127               0
                                                  ○○○      ○○○ ○○○                  Others
 Others        163            1                   ○○○
                                                                                                  321               0
                                                  ○○○                                                                                     ⑩      ⑩⑩⑩
                                                                                                                                                 ○○○
                                                                                                                                          ○○○
                                                                                                                                          ○○

                                       ⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩            ❿❿❿❿❿❿❿●                                                             ⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩              ❿❿❿❿❿❿❿●
                                       ⑩○○ ○○○          ⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩                                                           ⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩              ⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩ ⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩
                                                        ⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩                                                           ⑩⑩⑩○○              ⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩ ⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩
                                                        ⑩ ○○○ ○○○
                                                                                                                                                ⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩ ○ ○○ ○○
                                        ●●●                            Fukushima
                                                  ❿●
                                        ⑩⑩⑩                                                                                                      ●●●●
                                                  ⑩⑩⑩⑩                                                                         ⑩⑩⑩⑩ ⑩⑩⑩
                                        ⑩⑩⑩       ○ ○○○    ❿❿❿❿        Dai-ichi                                                ⑩⑩⑩⑩ ⑩⑩⑩          ⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩
                                        ○○○
                                        ○○○○               ⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩                                                          ⑩⑩⑩⑩ ○○           ⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩
                                  ○○○ ○○○                                                                                      ○○○○○○○
                                              ⑩⑩⑩
                                              ○○○ ○○○                                                                    ⑩          ⑩⑩⑩⑩         ⑩ ⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩
                                              ○○○                                                                                   ⑩ ⑩○○○
                                                  ●⑩  ○○ ○○○                                                             ○○
                                                                                                                                         ○○○○
                                                                                                                                         ○○○○    ⑩⑩⑩⑩ ⑩
                                                  ⑩⑩                                                                 ○
                                                          ❿●                                                                                     ⑩⑩ ⑩⑩
                                                          ⑩⑩⑩⑩⑩○ ○○○                                                                ⑩⑩⑩
                                                                                                                                    ⑩○○○         ○○○○○
                                                                                                           ○○                 ○○
                                                                                                     ○○○
                                                                                                     ○○○
                                                                                                     ○○




       ○○



                                                                                                                                          Note:
                                                                                                                               ●:Exceeds regulation values
                                                                                                                               ○:Below regulation values
                                                                                                                               ○+●=Number of Inspection
                                                                                                                               (⑩ means ten times)
                                                                                                                                                                29
Safety of Marine Food


       ● Over provisional regulation values: 8 samples
         Below provisional regulation values: 191 samples

        All 8 samples over provisional regulation
        values: Juvenile (baby) fish of “Japanese sand
        lance”, which inhabits in very surface water
        influenced by radionuclides

        Fisheries of this fish species :
        not conducted in Fukushima prefecture and
        Ibaraki prefecture

        All fisheries:
        not conducted in Fukushima prefecture



                                                      30
                                          Safety of Industrial Products
 ・ Japanese manufacturing industries spare no effort to ensure the safety of their products.
 ・ Inspection institutions and industry associations provide testing service of the radiation
   levels of export products.

Example of Inspection Institutions                                      JAMA(Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association)
 - Nippon Kaiji Kentei Kyokai                                           Comments on Radiation Testing Related to the
   (International Inspectation & Surveying Organization)
                                                                        Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Situation
 - SK(Shin Nihon Kentei Kyokai)                                         (April 18,2011)
 - ANCC (All Nippon Checkers
Corporation)                                                            <extracts>
                                                               etc.     The tests implemented by JAMA -which are conducted
                                 Reference: JETRO Homepage              directly on various designated areas of the surface of vehicles-
                http://www.jetro.go.jp/world/shinsai/20110318_11.html   are showing results that fall within the range designated by the
                                                                        Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan as being unthreatening to
                                                                        human health, based on the daily readings performed by the
                                                                        Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
                                                                        in every prefecture since March25.
                                                                        Reference : JAMA Homepage: http://www.jama-english.jp/release/comment/2011/110418.html




                                                                                                                                                        31
                                     Safety of Drinking Water
  The Japanese Government has been implementing necessary measures based on its
stringent criteria for radionuclides in drinking water, and monitoring radionuclide
levels every day.

 Guidance Levels for Radionuclides                          Radioactive Iodine(I131) in Drinking-Water in Tokyo
 in Drinking Water                                                                                       (Kanamachi filter plant)

                                                            (Bq/kg)
     (Bq/kg)         Japan      EU                                                            Japan : 300
   radioactive              300                                       210Bq/kg Recommendation that babies not intake
                                                                      tap water
                                 500
  iodine(I131) (for babies) 100
                                                                                        Japan (for babies) :
  radioactive                                                                           100
                                         200 1,000
    cesium                                                                           79Bq/kg Recommendation was withdrawn.

                                                                                                  Under detectable level
          Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, EURATOM



                                                                                Bureau of Waterworks Metropolitan Tokyo Government

       *On March 23, the Japanese Government recommended that the residents in Tokyo area refrain from
       having their babies intake tap water, but it withdraw the recommendation in two days.
                                                                                                                                 32
                                                    Safety of On-site Workers
   The Japanese Government closely supervises on-site workers’ health conditions,
limiting the level of their maximum exposure to radiation to 250mSv.
   No workers in Fukushima NPS have been exposed to 250mSv or more.

             Emergency Dose Limit                                                          Workers Exposed to Radiation in
                                                                                         Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS, as of April 24
        mSv                                    JAPAN                                    level of exposure               number of workers
                                                                                       more than 100mSv                                30
                                                    100
  emergency                                          ↓                                 more than 250mSv                                 0
                                                    250
   dose limit                                                                                                                  Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency

                               (limit raised for Fukushima
                               emergency workers)                                    *On March 24, three workers exposed to more than 100mSv
      Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency    were hospitalized, but were released three days later after no
                                                                                      health problems were found.
ICRP’s limit : 500mSv
 *ICRP = International Commission on Radiological Protection




                                                                                                                                                                 33
     Measurement of Radiation Dose around the Metropolitan Airports
   The current level of radiation dose of airports in the Tokyo Metropolitan area(Narita and
  Haneda airports) is at very safe level to health.




Source: Ministry of land, infrastructure and transportation[                                   34
        Measurement of Radiation Dose in the Ports around Tokyo Bay
  The current level of radiation dose of seaports of Tokyo Bay(Ports of Tokyo, Yokohama,
  Kawasaki and Chiba) is at very safe level to health.




Source: Ministry of land, infrastructure and transportation                                35
                      Navigational Warnings (Vessels)



                                                          Sapporo


      Naha                                                          Fukushima 1st Nuclear Power Plant
                                                                  NAVTEX
                                                                  NO.11-0767 Date:2011/03/15   12
                                                                  HONSHU, E COAST. FUKUSHIMA PREF COAST.
                                                                  DANGEROUS AREA DESIGNNATED
                                                                  AT 150230Z MAR.
                                       Sendai                     WITHIN 30 KILO METRES OF FUKUSHIMA NR 1
                                                                  NUCLEAR POWER PLANT (Yellow Circle),
                                                                  37-25.5N 141-02.0E.
                                                                  VESSELS ARE ADVICED TO KEEP ENOUGH
                              Nagoya                              DISTANCE CLEAR. CANCEL 0741/11.

                          Kyoto

          Hiroshima
                                                  Tokyo     Fukushima 2nd Nuclear Power Plant
Fukuoka
                                                            NAVTEX
                                       Yokohama             NO.11-
                                                            NO.11-0740 Date:2011/03/14 10
                                                            HONSHU, E COAST. FUKUSHIMA PREF COAST.
                             Osaka                          REFUGE ORDER AREA CORRECTED ON 14 MAR.
                                                            WITHIN 10 KILO METRES OF FUKUSHIMA NR 2
                                                                                       Circle)
                                                            NUCLEAR POWER PLANT (Red Circle),,
                                                            37-19.0N 141-02.0E.
                                                            VESSELS ARE ADVICED TO KEEP ENOUGH
                                                            DISTANCE CLEAR. CANCEL 0697/11.
                                                                                                    36
                            Flight Routes and Airspace



                                                                        Sapporo
                                                                            Sapporo


         Naha
                     Naha
                                                                               Fukushima 1st Nuclear Power Plant
                                                                            The airspace within a 30km-radius
                                                                            (Yellow Circle) from Fukushima 1st
                                                  Sendai                    Nuclear Power Plant with unlimited altitude
                                                                            has been designated as a “Flight
                                                                            Prohibited Area” in accordance with Civil
                                                                            Aeronautics Law of Japan. For further
                                     Nagoya                Sendai           aeronautical information (AIP and
                               Kyoto                                        NOTAM), please refer to the website of the
                                                                            AIS Center(registration required).
             Hiroshima
                            Kyoto
                                                                Tokyo
Fukuoka
   Fukuoka      Hiroshima              Nagoya       Tokyo
                                             Yokohama
                                                  Yokohama
                             Osaka
                                                        200Km
                                     Osaka            100mile




                                                                                                                      37
38
    INES Rating on the Events in Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS
 The Rating of the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES) on
Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS), in temporary assessed as Level 7.


                                                  Chernobyl
                                                   [5.2 million TBq]



7   Major Accident                                Fukushima Dai-ichi
                                                     [0.37~0.63 million TBq]
6   Serious Accident
5   Accident with Wide Consequences                Three Miles Island
4   Accident with Local Consequences
3   Serious Incident
2   Incident
                                       *Level 7 : more than several tens of thousands TBq131I
1   Anomaly                            *Level 6 : thousands to tens of thousands TBq131I
0   No Safety Significance             *Level 5 : hundreds to thousands TBq131I
                                                                                            39
C. Impact on Japanese Economy


 1. Estimated Economic Damage of the Tohoku-Pacific Ocean
    Earthquake and Plan for Reconstruction

 2. Impact on Energy Supply/Demand in Japan




                                                            40
   1. Estimated Economic Damage of the Tohoku-Pacific Ocean
                Earthquake and Plan for Reconstruction
 Damaged Stocks in Disaster Areas
                                        *estimated by the Cabinet Office of Japan


       ~
     16~25 trillion Yen
      (US$195~305 billion)

     (Reference) Japan’s GDP : 500 trillion Yen (US$5.9 trillion)

 Plan for Recovery and Reconstruction
                   *from the speech of Prime Minister Kan on Apr. 1 and Apr. 12

   Short-term: clearing debris, erecting temporary housing,
               rehabilitating industrial facilities
   Mid and long-term: creating disaster-resilient local community,
               eco-friendly social system, and welfare-oriented society

   “Reconstruction Planning Council” established
    Compiling supplementary budgets and enacting/amending relevant
laws
                                                                                    41
          2. Impact on Energy Supply/Demand in Japan
   Tokyo Electric Power Company supplies electricity to an area with 42 million
people and 40% of Japan’s GDP, but lost 40% of its generation capacity after the
earthquake and tsunami.
   We are making the utmost efforts to match supply and demand during the peak-
load summer on both the demand and supply side.




                                                                                   42
  D. Cooperation and Information sharing
  with the International Community

1. Cooperation with International Organizations

2. Speedy Dissemination of Accurate Information

3. Press Release by International Organizations




                                                  43
                      1. Cooperation with the IAEA
1. Information Sharing
   (1) Japan has been providing facility-related and other relevant information to the IAEA.
   (2) Nuclear Industry Safety Agency (NISA) provided updates on situations of the
       Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station at the IAEA Technical Briefing (21st
       March) and at the side event of the Fifth Review Meeting of the Contract Parties to the
       Convention on Nuclear Safety (4th April).

2. IAEA Expert Missions
 (1) In connection with the incidents involving the nuclear power plants in Japan, the IAEA
     has, upon the request of the Government of Japan, extended assistance by
        dispatching a series of the IAEA experts mainly in the field of radiation
        monitoring. Such dispatch of experts includes :
  (a) Radiation Monitoring Teams, totaling up to 16 members who took measurements mainly
     in Fukushima from 19 March to 18th April;
    (b) One marine expert from the IAEA’s laboratory in Monaco, who boarded Research
       Vessel “MIRAI” during 2 -4 April to observe and provide advice for Japanese
       experts on their method of collection and analysis of seawater samples; and
    (c) A Joint FAO/IAEA Food Safety Assessment Team, who met with local government
       officials, farmers etc. in Fukushima, Ibaraki, Tochigi and Gunma prefecture.
     (2) In addition, IAEA experts in BWR technology met with Japanese officials and
        operators including NISA and the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) and
        visited the Fukushima Dai-ichi and Dai-ni Nuclear Power Plant on 6 April.           44
            2. Speedy Dissemination of Accurate Information
 • Japan is committed to the speedy dissemination of accurate information.
 • All necessary information can be found at the following websites.




Tourism
 • 1. http://www.mlit.go.jp/kankocho/en/index.html
                                                                             45
                3. Press Release by International Organizations
                  Airports
ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization):
 “No Restrictions on Travel to Japan”(News release: March 18)
                                     (                      )
   http://www2.icao.int/en/NewsRoom/Lists/News/DispForm.aspx?ID=37
 “Current Radiation Levels in Japan and Travel Advice”(News release: April 1)
                                                      (                     )
   http://www2.icao.int/en/NewsRoom/Lists/News/DispForm.aspx?ID=39
 “Current Situation for Travel and Transport to and from Japan”(News release: April 14)
                                                               (                      )
   http://www2.icao.int/en/NewsRoom/Lists/News/DispForm.aspx?ID=40
IATA (International Air Transport Association):
 “No Restrictions on Air Travel to Japan”(News release: March 19)
                                         (                      )
   http://www.iata.org/pressroom/pr/Pages/2011-03-18-02.aspx
 “UN Confirms Safety of Japan Operations - No Recommendation for Passenger Screening(News release: April 1)
                                                                                    (                     )
   http://www.iata.org/pressroom/pr/Pages/2011-04-01-01.aspx

                      Ports
IMO (International Maritime Organization):
 “Current situation for travel and transport to and from Japan”(News release: April 15)
                                                               (                      )
   http://www.imo.org/MediaCentre/PressBriefings/Pages/22-japan-update.aspx
 “Current radiation levels in Japan and travel advice”(News release: April 1)
                                                      (                     )
  http://www.imo.org/MediaCentre/PressBriefings/Pages/17-radiation-.aspx
 “Shipping advised to comply with relevant NAVAREA warnings off Japan”(News release: March 24)
                                                                      (                      )
  http://www.imo.org/MediaCentre/PressBriefings/Pages/13-navigation-off-japan.aspx
 “No Restrictions on Travel to Japan”(News release: March 21)
                                     (                      )
   http://www.imo.org/MediaCentre/PressBriefings/Pages/No-restrictions-on-travel-to-Japan.aspx
IAPH(The International Association of Ports and Harbours):
    (                                                   )
 “Japanese ports are safe”(News release: March 25)
                          (                      )                      http://www.iaphworldports.org/#
PIANC(The World Association for Waterborne Transport Infrastructure):
     (                                                             )
 “No fear on port function and people's health”(News release: April 4)
                                               (                     )
  http://www.pianc.org/downloads/events/Message%20from%20PIANC%20Japan.pdf                                46
3. Press Release by International Organizations
  Others




                                                  47

				
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