Government Chapters 6 and 7 by pengxiang


									   Suffrage: right to vote
   Early 1800s-no religious
    qualifications, removing property
    qualifications, benefited white
   Civil War-15th Amendment-
    benefited Africa-Americans
   1920-19th Amendment-benefited
   1960s-Voting Rights Act of 1965-
    benefited African-Americans and
    other minorities
   1971-26th Amendment-benefited
    young people
   States set suffrage qualifications, but cannot:
   Not allow people to vote on account of race or
   Not allow people to vote on the basis of sex
   Cannot charge a tax for voting
   Not give suffrage to someone because of their
    age as long as they are 18
   Citizenship, residence, age, register to vote
   Literacy tests were used to keep African
    Americans from voting
   Grandfather clauses protected white from
    literacy tests or poll taxes, which is a fee for
   People in mental institutions, convicted felons
    (in some states)
   Drawing electoral districts in order to limit the
    voting strength of a particular group or party
   Used to ensure victory of a particular party and
    to limit the voting power of African-Americans
   Low political efficacy is when people feel they
    do not count when it comes to politics
   High political efficacy is when people feel that
    their participation and votes count
   Young, unmarried and unskilled, live in South,
    or rural areas
   The process by which people gain their
    political attitudes and opinions
   What affects political socialization:
   Age, gender, race, income, occupation,
    education, religion, family, friends and co-
    workers, place of residence
   Party identification: loyalty of people to a
    particular political party
   Straight ticket voting: you vote for only one
    party on a ballot
   Caucus: a group of like-minded people who meet to
    select the candidates
   Primaries: intra-party election, an election to choose
    candidates for the party
   Closed primary: you get the ballot for the party you’re
    registered for
   Open primary: you get to choose one ballot, either
    Republican or Democrat and it doesn’t matter if you
    are a Republican or a Democrat, you can choose the
    one you want
   Blanket primary: you get a ballot with all candidates
    names on them from all parties
   California has a modified closed primary
   You can vote by mail
   PACs: political action committees, political
    arms of special interest groups
   Federal Election Commission: administers all
    federal law dealing with campaign finance,
    they monitor donations to candidates
   People are limited in the amounts they can give
    to political candidates and parties, with the top
    limit being 101,400$ in combination of different
   Gives money to presidential candidates if they
    choose to accept it, but prevents them from
    raising more money than what is given to them
    from the PECF
   Hard money is money raised and spent to elect
    candidates for Congress and White House
   Soft money is used for things such as voter
    registration and advertisements for issues, it is
    not given directly to candidates
   The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002
    attempted to limit soft money

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