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					Organized Crime

A 500 BILLION DOLLAR
      INDUSTRY
• Is there such a thing as a
  victimless crime?

• NO!
         Definition of Crime
• Omission of a duty OR
• Commission of an act forbidden by public
  law and punishable upon conviction by
  imprisonment, fine, and/or removal from
  office.
• May also involve violation of public trust.
           Individual Crime
• Day to day crime by individuals and
 groups which may not involve planning

• Both intent and illegal action are
  necessary for an action to be considered a
  crime
          Organized Crime
• Individuals/Groups that have an ongoing
  relationship, make a living from a criminal
  activity, operate in a structured and
  continuous manner regardless of a change
  in leadership or membership.
• Approximately HALF, or 50%, of all profits
  made by organized crime come from drug
  trafficking
    Organized Crime PAGE 96
• Use of violence for specific purpose
• Use of bribery or corruption to further their
  activities
• A structured organization or heirarchy
• Members specialize in certain “jobs”
• Sale of illegal drugs is possibly their greatest
  source of money
• The public’s fascination with organized crime
  can lead to public tolerance
• Takes a huge amount of money out of the
  economy and government
Why does Organized Crime exist?
• Public tolerance and collusion
• Corruption of public officials
• Filing a demand by people
            Source State
• The location where organized crime is
  based or manufactures/obtains illegal
  goods

• “home base”
             Service State
• The name given to countries which
  provided help such as sanctuary or money
  laundering

• The Caribbean, island states in the South
  Pacific, etc.

• Countries that make it easy for criminals to
  escape prosecution of hide their illegal
  profits
             Target State
• The role the United States primarily plays
  with organized crime

• Main, ultimate consumers of illegal
  products and services

• Countries that are the main recipients of
  illegal goods and services
              Transit State
• Criminal organizations use these countries
  to TRANSPORT illegal goods

• Countries that serve as a passageway for
  criminals to get their illegal products to an
  intended location

• Caribbean, Mexico, Turkey, Thailand
                   Gang
• A group that engages in illegal activities

• Often, it’s drugs that link gangs to
  organized crime; drug-dealing at the street
  level
         Effects on Society
• Undermining the rule of law
• Ruining the legitimate economy
• Increasing violence and fear among
  citizens
      Apparent benevolence
• When organized crime does positive
  things such as donating money to
  churches or charities
      3 Reasons for Violence
• Organized crime will use violence to:
  – Protect themselves from the police
  – To punish members
  – To intimidate outsiders
    Consequences of Involvement
•   Possible violent death
•   Time in prison
•   Fear for your life
•   A Long, worry free life
          Bribes of officers
• Method most used to try to overcome law
  enforcement
     Attraction to Young People
•   Adventure
•   Guns
•   Violence
•   “easy” money
                 Corruption
• Robbing a bank and using money to finance
  future crimes

• Paying a customs agent $10,000 to let a drug
  supply slip across the border
• A judge deciding a case in favor of a lawyer who
  arranged for a job for his daughter
• A congressman accepting political donations
  from organized crime in return for votes which
  help the organization
               Compare!
• How is organized crime like a regular
  business?

• Major goal: to make a profit
                Journalists
• Become the target for organized crime
  because:
  – They report crimes committed by groups
  – They point out corruption of government
    officials
  – They publicize organized crime, raising public
    awareness and anger
       Major role of schools
• How can schools overcome the effects of
  organized crime?

• Presenting, discussing organized crime so
  its effects are known
               Prevention
• How can we prevent an individual from
  being drawn into organized crime?
  – Providing an education which allows the
    person to have a good life
  – Developing a person’s self-esteem
  – Helping a person to understand the negative
    effects of crime
                  Values
• Guideline for decision making
• A basis for laws and action
• Resistance to criminal activity
                    Motivation
• Social Structure       • Crime is caused by
  Theory                   poverty and economic
                           inequality
• Merton’s Strain        • People engage in
  Theory                   criminal behavior to
                           adapt to the strain
                           between culturally
                           held goals and the
                           legitimate means to
                           achieve those goals
Response/Adaptations to Strain
• Conformity-accept goals and means
• Innovation-accept goals NOT means
• Ritualism-accepts means NOT goals
• Retreatism-does NOT accept goals or
  means
• Rebellion-substitutes NEW goals and
  means
              Microtheories
• Socialization Theories
  – The way people are socialized makes them
    criminals
• Social Learning Theories
  – All people are born “good” and must be
    socialized to become bad
  – All behavior, including criminal behavior, is
    learned
  – Reinforcements and punishments affect
    behavior
                 Classwork
• Read about and summarize an example
  of a criminal organization
  – i.e. Yakuza, Triads, etc.

				
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posted:9/29/2011
language:English
pages:29