Appreciation to Reviewers
O ne of the most pleasurable assignments of my editor-
ship is writing this appreciation. While for the review-
er, the job of reviewing may at times seem onerous and un-
John R. Belcher, Ph.D.,
Michael Beldoch, Ph.D.
John S. Brekke, Ph.D.
Philip W. Brickner, M.D.
Clifford R. Briggie, M.S.W.,
rewarded, from my standpoint reviewers and reviewing are Carl C. Bell, M.D. Psy.D.
the bedrock upon which the journal’s excellence rests. We Robert H. Belmaker, M.D. David A. Brizer, M.D.
take it very much for granted that everything we do is mea- Brent Benda, Ph.D. M. Bennet Broner, Ph.D.,
sured and assessed, from hospitals to training programs to Emile A. Bendit, M.D. L.P.C.
grants. In the case of peer-reviewed publications, it’s you, Elissa P. Benedek, M.D. Andrew W. Brotman, M.D.
the reviewers, the authors’ peers, who make the assess- Mona B. Bennett, M.D. Sherwood Brown, M.D.,
ments and ensure that our editorial content measures up. Paul S. Benveniste, Ph.D. Ph.D.
This year you have been facing not only more sophisti- Howard L. Berkowitz, M.D. John C. Brust, M.D.
cated submissions, but also more submissions in evolving Jeff Berlant, M.D., Ph.D. Robert W. Buchanan, M.D.
areas with a rapidly changing economic-practice landscape. Maurice Bermon, M.D. Peter Buckley, M.D.
I, along with our editorial board and editorial staff, am ex- Mary L. Bertrand Simon H. Budman, Ph.D.
tremely grateful for your efforts. Thank you very much for Larry Beutler, Ph.D. J. Alan Burdick, Ph.D.
a great year. We hope the next one—our 50th anniversary Leonard Bickman, Ph.D. Ann W. Burgess, D.N.Sc.
year—will be just as exciting and fun. Llewellyn B. Bigelow, M.D. Rodney W. Burgoyne, M.D.
—JOHN A. TALBOTT, M.D., Editor Dan Bilsker, Ph.D. Barbara Burns, Ph.D.
Paul R. Binner, Ph.D. Robert Butler, Ph.D.
Diana Biordi, R.N., Ph.D. Marian I. Butterfield, M.D.,
Reese Abright, M.D. A. Anthony Arce, M.D. Thomas E. Bittker, M.D. M.P.H.
Thomas M. Achenbach, Arthur L. Arnold, M.D. Sheldon Blackman, Ph.D. William M. Buzogany, M.D.
Ph.D. Bernard S. Arons, M.D. Greg Blaisdell, M.D.
Margaret E. Adamek, Ph.D. Haya Ascher-Svanum, Ph.D. Andrea K. Blanch, Ph.D. John W. Cain, M.D.
David A. Adler, M.D. Boris M. Astrachan, M.D. Karen Blank, M.D. Eric D. Caine, M.D.
M. Oluwafemi Agbayewa, Tim D. Aubry, Ph.D. Laura Blankertz, Ph.D. Robert J. Calsyn, Ph.D.
M.B. Frank J. Ayd, Jr, M.D. Dan G. Blazer, M.D., Ph.D. John Campbell, A.B.
Linda Aiken, Ph.D. Hassan F. A. Azim, M.D. Chris Bliersbach, M.H.A., Robert Cancro, M.D.
Salman Akhtar, M.D. C.P.H.Q. Richard Caplan, M.S.W.,
Javad Alaghband-Rad, M.D. Leona L. Bachrach, Ph.D. Joseph D. Bloom, M.D. M.P.H.
Renato D. Alarcon, M.D., Varda P. Backus, M.D. Harvey Bluestone, M.D. Paul J. Carling, Ph.D.
M.P.H. Victoria L. Bacon, Ed.D. Alexander Blum, M.D. Harold Carmel, M.D.
George W. Albee, Ph.D. Walter F. Baile, M.D. James K. Boehnlein, M.D. Cheryl Carmin, Ph.D.
Knight Aldrich, M.D. Lisa Bailey, M.D. Tina Bogart, M.S.W. William T. Carpenter, Jr.,
Mary Jane Alexander, Ph.D. Ronald Bailyn, M.D. Michael Bogenschutz, M.D. M.D.
Edward R. Allan, M.D. Richard Balon, M.D. Gary R. Bond, Ph.D. Patricia G. Carrion, M.D.
Thomas E. Allen, M.D. Steven M. Banks Jonathan Book, M.D. Ruth Carroll, Ph.D.
Henry G. Altman, M.D. Joseph Barbuto, M.D. John J. Boronow, M.D. James H. Carter, M.D.
Kenneth Z. Altshuler, M.D. Nigel Bark, M.B. Soo Borson, M.D. Charles D. Casat, M.D.
Henry Amado, M.D. Laurence R. Barnhill, Ph.D. Jonathan F. Borus, M.D. Ricardo Castaneda, M.D.
Paul Ambrosini, M.D. Steve T. Baron Michael D. Boston James J. Cereghino, M.D.
David Ames, M.D. David O. Barrett, M.D. Alan Bostrom, Ph.D. Dev Chacko, M.D.
Jambur Ananth, M.D. Susan M. Barrow, Ph.D. James A. Bourgeois, M.P.A., Linda Chafetz, M.D.
Jack R. Anderson, M.D. Kristen L. Barry, Ph.D. M.D. Daniel P. Chapman, Ph.D.,
Gavin Andrews, M.D. Steven L. Batki, M.D. Susan J. Boust, M.D. M.Sc.
Deborah Antai-Otong, R.N., Mark S. Bauer, M.D. Charles L. Bowden, M.D. Armand Checker, M.S.
C.S. Lee H. Beecher, M.D. Cheryll Bowers-Stephens, Ching-Piao Chien, M.D.
Paul S. Appelbaum, M.D. David Behar, M.D. M.D. John A. Chiles, M.D.
Lawrence Appleby, Ph.D. Deborah C. Beidel, Ph.D. William R. Breakey, M.D. Gregory D. Chowanec, Ph.D.
PSYCHIATRIC SERVICES o December 1999 Vol. 50 No. 12 1565
Jon B. Christianson, Ph.D. Lisa Dixon, M.D. Michael B. Feil, M.B.A., William M. Glazer, M.D.
Patricia M. Christopherson, Richard J. Doan, M.D. M.S. Ari D. Gleckman, Ph.D.
A.C.S.W. Deborah Dobson, Ph.D. Saul Feldman, D.P.A. Trevor D. Glenn, M.D.
James Ciarcia, M.D. George E. Doebler, M.Div. Shirley Feldman-Summers, Ira D. Glick, M.D.
Leslie Citrome, M.D., Evelyn A. Domingo, Ph.D. Ph.D. Lewis Glickman, M.D.
M.P.H. Edward F. Domino, M.D. Alan R. Felthous, M.D. Shirley M. Glynn, Ph.D.
Duncan B. Clark, M.D., Dennis C. Donat, Ph.D. Herbert Fensterheim, Ph.D. Paul Gold, Ph.D.
Ph.D. Richard Dorsey, M.D., Tamara Ferguson, Ph.D. Richard W. Goldberg, Ph.D.
Norman A. Clemens, M.D. M.B.A. Gail S. Fidler, O.T.R. Stephen M. Goldfinger, M.D.
Sandy I. Cohen, M.D. Mary Dozier, Ph.D. Richard A. Fields, Sr., M.D. Jacqueline M. Golding,
Jonathan O. Cole, M.D. Jeffrey Draine, Ph.D. Paul J. Fink, M.D. Ph.D.
Allen H. Collins, M.D., Robert E. Drake, M.D., Sanford I. Finkel, M.D. Larry S. Goldman, M.D.
M.P.H. Ph.D. Mike Finkle, B.S. Harold F. Goldsmith, Ph.D.
Joe Comaty, Ph.D. Martin J. Drell, M.D. Patrick R. Finley, Pharm.D. Marion Z. Goldstein, M.D.
Lee Combrinck-Graham, Benjamin Druss, M.D. Richard J. First, Ph.D. Beatrice A. Golomb, M.D.
M.D. William R. Dubin, M.D. William H. Fisher, Ph.D. Jean P. Goodwin, M.D.,
Orabelle Connally, Ph.D. Steven Dubovsky, M.D. Marshall Fitz, M.D. M.P.H.
Kendon J. Conrad, Ph.D., Beverly Dudek, M.D. Roy G. Fitzgerald, M.D. Edward Gottheil, M.D.
M.P.H. Richard G. Dudley, M.D. Mark H. Fleisher, M.D. David Govaker, M.D.
Peter E. Cook, M.D. Robert Dufresne, Ph.D. Alan F. Fontana, Ph.D. Glenn D. Grace, Ph.D.
Billie F. Corder, Ed.D. Leonard Duhl, M.D. Catherine A. Forneris, Ph.D. Rex S. Green, Ph.D.
Patrick Corrigan, Psy.D. Marian Dumaine, Ph.D. Sandra L. Forquer, Ph.D. William M. Greenberg, M.D.
Jerry Cott, Ph.D. David L. Dunner, M.D. Michael R. Fox, M.D. David G. Greenfeld, M.D.
Francine Cournos, M.D. Jack Durell, M.D. Richard J. Frances, M.D. Martin H. Greenstein,
Robert D. Coursey, Ph.D. Mary L. Durham, Ph.D. Richard G. Frank, Ph.D. C.S.W.
Lino Covi, M.D. Ana E. Dvoredsky, M.D. Frances R. Frankenburg, Jessica P. Greenwald, Ph.D.
Richard Cowan, M.D. Joel A. Dvoskin, Ph.D. M.D. Robert J. Gregory, Ph.D.
Lolafaye Coyne, Ph.D. Maurice Dysken, M.D. Ellen Franzblau, B.S.N. John H. Greist, M.D.
Thomas J. Craig, M.D. Robert S. Frazier, Ph.D. Christine Grella, Ph.D.
M. Lynn Crismon, Pharm.D. Robert Eilers, M.D. Paul P. Freddolino, Ph.D. Bruce Greyson, M.D.
Catherine Chang Crone, Susan V. Eisen, Ph.D. D. Raymond Freebury, M.D. Margaret L. Griffin, Ph.D.
M.D. Nady el-Guebaly, M.D. Robert Freedman, M.D. Ezra E. H. Griffith, M.D.
Marian S. Crow, M.A., CrM. Jack Ellenberg, M.D. Frederick J. Frese III, Ph.D. R. Kevin Grigsby, D.S.W.,
Brian J. Cuffel, Ph.D. Richard L. Elliott, M.D., Paul D. Freund, M.Ed. L.C.S.W.
Valerie Cummings, Ed.D. Ph.D. Robert O. Friedel, M.D. Victoria Grochocinski, Ph.D.
David L. Cutler, M.D. James M. Ellison, M.D. Linda K. Frisman, Ph.D. Bruce Gross, J.D., Ph.D.
John R. Elpers, M.D. Mindy J. Fullilove, M.D. Linda S. Grossman, Ph.D.
Richard Dalton, M.D. Rob H. Elzinga, Ph.D. Louis N. Gruber, M.D.
Allan Daniels, Ed.D. Mary Jane England, M.D. Glen O. Gabbard, M.D. Oscar Grusky, Ph.D.
Anthony S. David, M.D. Sherrie Epstein, B.A., B.S. Arthur N. Gabriel, M.D. Jon E. Gudeman, M.D.
Larry Davidson, Ph.D. Larry Ereshefsky, Pharm.D. Nestor J. Galarza, M.D. Frederick C. Guggenheim,
John M. Davis, M.D. Richard C. Erickson, Ph.D. Gerard Gallucci, M.D., M.D.
Clifford M. De Cato, Ph.D. Javier I. Escobar, M.D. M.H.S. Krishnar R. Gujavarty, M.D.
Zira De Fries, M.D. Aaron H. Esman, M.D. Sheldon Gaylin, M.D. John Gunderson, M.D.
Jose De Leon, M.D. Spencer Eth, M.D. Alan J. Gelenberg, M.D. Lee Gurel, Ph.D.
Francis L. A. de Marneffe, Mary E. Evans, Ph.D. Jeffrey L. Geller, M.D., Barry Gurland, M.D.
M.D. Richard C. Evenson, Ph.D. M.P.H. Thomas G. Gutheil, M.D.
Bruce Deforge, Ph.D. Rahel Eynan-Harvey, M.D. Leonard A. Genduso,
Don Dellario, Ph.D. L.C.S.W. Trevor R. Hadley, Ph.D.
Susan Dempsay Charles J. Fahey Ronald D. Geraty, M.D. John J. Hagerty, Jr., M.D.
Florence Denmark, Ph.D. Martha Fankhauser, M.S. Gary J. Gerber, Ph.D. Richard C. W. Hall, M.D.
Jerry L. Dennis, M.D. William E. Fann, M.D. Ronald J. Gerhard, M.P.A. R. Darrel Hamilton, M.D.
Elizabeth Depoy, Ph.D. Norman L. Farberow, Ph.D. Samuel Gershon, M.D. Edward Hanin, M.D.
Daniel A. Deutschman, M.D. David Fariello, L.C.S.W. S. Nassir Ghaemi, M.D. Thomas E. Hansen, M.D.
Larry Dewey, M.D. Kathleen J. Farkas, Ph.D. Mohammad Ghaziuddin, William A. Hargreaves, Ph.D.
Ralph Di Clemente, Ph.D. Larry R. Faulkner, M.D. M.D., M.R.C.Psych. Maxine Harris, Ph.D.
Ronald J. Diamond, M.D. William O. Faustman, Ph.D. Paulette M. Gillig, M.D., Lawrence Hartmann, M.D.
Erica M. Dibietz, L.C.S.W.- Armando R. Favazza, M.D. Ph.D. Stephanie Hartwell, Ph.D.
C., Ph.D. Virginia E. Fee, Ph.D. Leslie H. Gise, M.D. Steven L. Hass, Ph.D.
Stephen L. Dilts, M.D. Eugene B. Feigelson, M.D. Martin Gittelman, Ph.D. Agnes B. Hatfield, Ph.D.
1566 PSYCHIATRIC SERVICES o December 1999 Vol. 50 No. 12
Mark G. Haviland, Ph.D. Edmund F. Kal, M.D. M.P.A. V. Manohar, M.D.
Gary Hawk, Ph.D. Thomas P. Kalman, M.D. Nancy Langman-Dorwart, Peter Manoleas, M.S.W.
Joe Hebel, M.S.W. Edna Kamis-Gould, Ph.D. M.S., M.P.H. Paul N. Manson, M.D.
Kirk Heilbrun, Ph.D. Joel Kanter, M.S.W. Melvin R. Lansky, M.D. Lois Mantel, R.N., M.A.
Marilyn J. Henderson, M.P.A. Rosa F. Kaplan, D.S.W. Lauren D. Laporta, M.D. Luis R. Marcos, M.D.
Robert L. Hendren, D.O. Marshall B. Kapp, J.D., Jennifer Lauby, Ph.D. James A. Margolis, M.D.
Michael Hendryx, Ph.D. M.P.H. Leonard E. Lawrence, M.D. Hal Mark, Ph.D.
Daniel B. Herman, D.S.W. T. Michael Kashner, Ph.D., William B. Lawson, M.D., John C. Markowitz, M.D.
Richard C. Hermann, M.D., J.D. Ph.D. Elizabeth W. Markson, Ph.D.
M.S. Steven E. Katz, M.D. Gerard Leavy, B.Sc. Daniel A. Martell, Ph.D.
Steve M. Herrick, Ph.D. Edward Kaufman, M.D. Cavin P. Leeman, M.D. Ralph E. Matkin, Ph.D.
Bruce A. Hershfield, M.D. Bruce A. Kaup, M.D. Kenneth L. Leetz, M.D. Johnny L. Matson, Ph.D.
Thomas R. Hibbard, M.Ed. Richard Kavoussi, M.D. Julian P. Leff, M.D. Jeffrey A. Mattes, M.D.
Matthew G. Hile, Ph.D. Martin H. Keeler, M.D. Harriet P. Lefley, Ph.D. Bentson H. McFarland,
James Randolph Hillard, Stuart L. Keill, M.D. Walter A. Leginski, Ph.D. M.D., Ph.D.
M.D. Gabor I. Keitner, M.D. Anthony F. Lehman, M.D. Ellen McDaniel, M.D.
Marc Hillbrand, Ph.D. Kevin V. Kelly, M.D. Laurent S. Lehmann, M.D. David R. McDuff, M.D.
Donald M. Hilty, M.D. Roisin Kemp, M.B. Hoyle Leigh, M.D. Joseph McEvoy, M.D.
Kimberly Hoagwood, Ph.D. Tony Kendrick, M.D., Jerry Leismer Patrick J. McGrath, M.D.
Neil J. Hochstadt, Ph.D. F.R.C.G.P. Timothy Lesaca, M.D. John H. McGrew, Ph.D.
Martha Hodge, M.S. Lawrence L. Kennedy, M.D. Ira Lesser, M.D. Thomas G. McGuire, Ph.D.
Michael A. Hoge, Ph.D. Martin S. Kesselman, M.D. Alan I. Levenson, M.D. Karen McKinnon, M.A.
Ann A. Hohmann, Ph.D., Clarice J. Kestenbaum, M.D. Richard L. Levenson, Jr., Stephen M. McLeod-Bryant,
M.P.H. Edward J. Khantzian, M.D. Psy.D. M.D.
Terry Holbrook, Ph.D. Kenneth G. Khatain, M.D. Leon A. Levin, M.D. George McNeil, M.D.
J. P. Holmgren, M.D. Charles A. Kiesler, Ph.D. Michael J. Levine, M.D. Dale McNiel, Ph.D.
Robert D. Holwerda, D.O. J. David Kinzie, M.D. Susan S. Levitte, M.D. Harold L. McPheeters, M.D.
Gilbert Honigfeld, Ph.D. Stuart A. Kirk, D.S.W. Steven T. Levy, M.D. John McRae, Ph.D.
Robin Hornstra, M.D. Rachel G. Klein, Ph.D. Robert E. Lewis, Ed.D. Keith G. Meador, M.D.
Joseph P. Horrigan, M.D. James P. Klyczek, Ph.D., Joseph G. Liberto, M.D. Robert B. Mekelburg,
Arthur M. Horton, Jr., Ed.D. O.T.R. Harvey J. Lieberman, Ph.D. M.B.A.
Ewald Horwath, M.D. Michael B. Knable, D.O. Harold I. Lief, M.D. Sandy Dean Melnick, M.D.
Len Horwitz, Ph.D. David J. Knesper, M.D. Keh-Ming Lin, M.D. Herbert Y. Meltzer, M.D.
Abram M. Hostetter, M.D. James H. Kocsis, M.D. Louis Linn, M.D. William T. Merkel, Ph.D.
George Hough, Ph.D. Paul Koegel, Ph.D. John R. Lion, M.D. Jeffrey L. Metzner, M.D.
Patricia B. Howard, Ph.D., Lial Kofoed, M.D. Alan Lipschitz, M.D. Robert Michels, M.D.
R.N. Mary Ellen Kondrat, Ph.D. Melvin M. Lipsett, M.D. Sharon Miller, Ph.D.
Teh-Wei Hu, Ph.D. George Koob, Ph.D. Don R. Lipsitt, M.D. Kenneth Minkoff, M.D.
James I. Hudson, M.D. Renee Kopache Alan A. Lipton, M.D., M.P.H. Brian Minty, B.A., M.Sc.
Douglas H. Hughes, M.D. Alex Kopelowicz, M.D. Benjamin Liptzin, M.D. Mahmud Mirza, M.D.
Edward S. Hume, M.D., J.D. Lorrin M. Koran, M.D. Barry Liskow, M.D. Kathleen M. Mogul, M.D.
June R. Husted, Ph.D. Moshe Kotler, M.D. Frank Lobeck, Pharm.D. Paul C. Mohl, M.D.
James P. Krajeski, M.D. Richard J. Loewenstein, George J. Molnar, M.D.
Diane Igle, R.N., M.S. Thomas F. Krajewski, M.D. M.D. Edward P. Monnelly, M.D.
Joseph A. Infantino, Jr., M.S. Barry A. Kramer, M.D. Theodore W. Lorei, M.S.W. Norman C. Moore, M.D.
Arthur M. Krasilovsky, Kem B. Louie, Ph.D., R.N. Rudolph Moos, Ph.D.
Harvey E. Jacobs, Ph.D. L.I.S.W., B.C.D. John Louks, Ph.D. Joseph More, M.D.
Lawrence B. Jacobsberg, Robert F. Kraus, M.D. Erica M. Loutsch, M.D. Donald W. Morgan, M.D.
M.D. Judith B. Krauss, R.N., Raymond C. Love, Pharm.D. Eileen F. Morrison, Ph.D.,
Steven L. Jaffe, M.D. M.S.N. Marcia K. Lovejoy R.N.
J. Frank James, M.D. Abraham D. Krems, M.D., Anne M. Lovell, Ph.D. Carol T. Mowbray, Ph.D.
Jeffrey S. Janofsky, M.D. Ph.D. Steven G. Lubeck, Ph.D. David P. Moxley, Ph.D.
Joyce Jed, Ph.D. Jerome Kroll, M.D. John S. Lyons, Ph.D. Kim T. Mueser, Ph.D.
Clark L. Jennings, M.D. Stefan P. Kruszewski, M.D. Paul Lysaker, Ph.D. Matt Muijen, M.D.
Peter S. Jensen, M.D. Liz Kuipers, M.S.C., Ph.D. John F. Muldoon, Ph.D.,
Keith H. Johansen, M.D. K. Roy MacKenzie, M.D. M.P.H.
Michael R. Johnson, M.D. Joyce Laben, M.S.N., J.D. Eileen Mager, Ph.D. Edward Mulvey, Ph.D.
Jeffery M. Jonas, M.D. H. Richard Lamb, M.D. Gary J. Maier, M.D. Mark R. Munetz, M.D.
Kathleen Jones, Ph.D. Michael T. Lambert, M.D. Ronald W. Manderscheid, Richard L. Munich, M.D.
Brian W. Joseph, M.D. Gerald Landsberg, D.S.W., Ph.D. Rodrigo A. Munoz, M.D.
PSYCHIATRIC SERVICES o December 1999 Vol. 50 No. 12 1567
Carol C. Nadelson, M.D. Betty Pfefferbaum, M.D. Stanley Rosenberg, Ph.D. George Serban, M.D.
Madeline A. Naegle, Ph.D. Ronald Pies, M.D. John W. Rosenberger, M.D. Alberto C. Serrano, M.D.
Jeffrey A. Naser, M.D. Debra A. Pinals, M.D. Robert A. Rosenheck, M.D. Jay A. Sevin, M.A.
William H. Nelson, M.D. Diane Pinchoff, M.A. Stephen H. Rosenthal, M.D. William R. Shadish, Jr., Ph.D.
Charles B. Nemeroff, M.D. Edward L. Pinney, Jr., M.D. John S. Rosie, M.D. Charles A. Shamoian, M.D.
Joanne Nicholson, Ph.D. Stanley R. Platman, M.D. Erik Roskes, M.D. Irwin M. Shapiro, M.D.
Olav Nielssen, M.B., B.S. Ann R. Poindexter, M.D. Bennett Rosner, M.D. Steven S. Sharfstein, M.D.
James Nininger, M.D. Naomi R. Poliner, M.A. Aileen Rothbard, M.D. Verinder Sharma, M.B., B.S.
Michael A. Norko, M.D. Linda Pollack, Ph.D. Joseph M. Rothberg, Ph.D. Jon A. Shaw, M.D.
Larry Nuttbrock, Ph.D. George H. Pollock, M.D. Susan E. Roush, Ph.D. David V. Sheehan, M.D.
Sherry Pomerantz, Ph.D. Clayton R. Rowland, Ph.D. Ronald A. Shellow, M.D.
Patricia G. O’Brien, Ph.D., Harrison G. Pope, Jr., M.D. Peter Roy-Byrne, M.D. Richard C. Shelton, M.D.
R.N. Leticia T. Postrado, Ph.D. Marshall Rubin, M.S.W., John P. D. Shemo, M.D.
Ralph A. O’Connell, M.D. A. Carter Pottash, M.D. L.C.S.W. David L. Shern, Ph.D.
William O’Connor, Ph.D. Jane Preston, M.D. Mirella Ruggeri, M.D. Alan J. Sholomskas, M.D.
Thomas O’Hare, Ph.D. Annelle B. Primm, M.D. Wanda Rusiecki, M.Ed. Miles F. Shore, M.D.
John M. Oldham, M.D. Cynthia A. Pristach, M.D. Mark J. Russ, M.D. Joseph R. Sicignano, M.D.
Mark Olfson, M.D. Antonio E. Puente, Ph.D. William G. Ryan, M.D. Karl G. Sieg, M.D.
Jonathan Olin, M.D. Elaine Purpel, A.C.S.W. Karolynn Siegel, Ph.D.
Douglas P. Olsen, R.N., C.S. James E. Sabin, M.D. Linda Silber, O.T.R.
Irene E. Ortiz, M.D. Charles J. Rabiner, M.D. Paul Ruskin, M.D. Celeste G. Simpkins, A.A.
Mary-Marshall Overstreet, Peter V. Rabins, M.D. Melvin Sabshin, M.D. George M. Simpson, M.D.
J.D., M.D. Judith G. Rabkin, Ph.D. William H. Sack, M.D. Samuel G. Siris, M.D.
Richard R. Owen, M.D. Quentin Rae-Grant, M.D. Michael H. Sacks, M.D. Michael J. Sitzman, Ph.D.
Bill Rago, Ph.D. Robert L. Sadoff, M.D. Andrew E. Slaby, M.D.,
Theodosia Paclawskyj, Ph.D. John D. Rainer, M.D. Daniel J. Safer, M.D. Ph.D.
Deborah K. Padgett, Ph.D., Ranga N. Ram, M.D. Allan Z. Safferman, M.D. Nancy Slagg, Ph.D.
M.P.H. Maurice Rappaport, M.D. Kemal Sagduyu, M.D. Ralph Slovenko, LL.B.,
Louis A. Pagliaro, Pharm.D., Jonas R. Rappeport, M.D. Aziz A. Salama, M.D. Ph.D.
Ph.D. Saul D. Raw, M.S.W. Deborah Salem, Ph.D. Janet E. Smith, R.N., M.S.N.
Pete C. Palasota, M.D. Anthony J. Reading, M.D. Angelo Samburnaris, M.D. William Snyder III, Ph.D.
Atul C. Pande, M.D. Beth Reboussin, Ph.D. Albert F. Samuelson, M.D. Carl Soderstrom, M.D.
Anthony F. Panzetta, M.D. Charles S. Reichardt, Ph.D. Jean Sanchez Paul H. Soloff, M.D.
Susan Paolo, Ph.D. William H. Reid, M.D. José M. Santiago, M.D. Phyllis Solomon, Ph.D.
Herbert Pardes, M.D. Douglas J. Reiss, Ph.D. Alberto B. Santos, M.D. Barbara R. Sommer, M.D.
Arun V. Parikh, M.D., D.P.M. Eugene V. Resnick, M.D. Sally L. Satel, M.D. William A. Sonis, M.D.
Dean X. Parmelee, M.D. Paul Retzlaff, Ph.D. Aaron Satloff, M.D. Stephen M. Sonnenberg,
Vince Parrish, L.C.S.W. Victor I. Reus, M.D. Raymond J. Sauer, M.S. M.D.
Prasanna K. Pati, M.D. Dennis A. Revicki, Ph.D. David G. Saunders, M.D. James H. Spencer, Jr., M.D.
Ashwin Patkar, M.D. James B. Reynolds, M.D. Donald A. Sawyer, Ph.D., David Spiegel, M.D.
John F. Patterson, M.D. Michelle Riba, M.D. M.B.A. Jon E. Sprague, Ph.D.
Robert Paulson Audrey S. Rice, Ph.D. Leslie J. Scallet, J.D. Scott Spreat, Ed.D.
James E. Pendorf, Ph.D. Karl Rickels, M.D. Stephen C. Scheiber, M.D. Shoba Sreenivasan, Ph.D.
Elizabeth C. Penick, Ph.D. M. Susan Ridgely, M.S.W., Eric Schieber, M.D. Gordon St. Michel, M.P.H.,
David Penn, Ph.D. J.D. Alan D. Schmetzer, M.D. O.T.R./L
Edgardo Perez, M.D. Richard K. Ries, M.D. Chester W. Schmidt, Jr., Stephan Stahl, M.D., Ph.D.
Diana Perkins, M.D. Arthur Rifkin, M.D. M.D. Dalene K. Stangl, Ph.D.
Barry B. Perlman, M.D. Christine Rinck, Ph.D. Kathleen Schneider-Braus, Joseph K. Stanilla, M.D.
Stephen R. Perls, D.Ed. Louise B. Riscalla, Ph.D. M.D. Peter Stastny, M.D.
Irwin N. Perr, M.D. David J. Rissmiller, D.O. Michael Schoenbaum Henry J. Steadman, Ph.D.
Paul J. Perry, Ph.D. Marcia Robbins, M.S.W. Jesse Schomer, M.D. Bruce L. Stegner, Ph.D.
Daniel J. Pesut, Ph.D., R.N. Lisa J. Roberts, M.A. Herbert C. Schulberg, Ph.D. Stefan Stein, M.D.
Michael A. Peszke, M.D. Arthur J. Robins, Ph.D. S. Charles Schulz, M.D. Anne G. Steinberg, M.D.
Paul D. Peterson, Ph.D. Alex R. Rodriguez, M.D. Robert Schwartz, M.D. Geraldine V. Steinke, Ph.D.
John Petrich, M.D. Ethan S. Rofman, M.D. Jack Scott, Sc.D. Barbara K. Steltz
John Petrila, J.D., LL.M. Joseph A. Rogers James Scully, M.D. Theodore A. Stern, M.D.
Theodore A. Petti, M.D., Barbara M. Rohland, M.S., Lloyd I. Sederer, M.D. Michael H. Stone, M.D.
M.P.H. M.D. Mary V. Seeman, M.D. Madeline R. Stoner, Ph.D.
Herbert S. Peyser, M.D. Stephen Rojcewicz, M.D. Steven P. Segal, Ph.D. Nada L. Stotland, M.D.
Cynthia R. Pfeffer, M.D. Thomas D. Romeo, M.Ed. Michael A. Selzer, M.D. Alan Stoudemire, M.D.
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Chris E. Stout, Ph.D. Mary Ann Test, Ph.D. Harold M. Visotsky, M.D. John K. Wing, M.D.
Jeffrey G. Stovall, M.D. Ole J. Thienhaus, M.D. Rhonda G. Vought, M.D. Richard T. Wintersteen,
Mary S. Stowell, Ph.D. Ann B. Thomas A.C.S.W., Ph.D.
Susan T. Strahan, M.D. James W. Thompson, M.D. Renate C. Wack, M.P.H. Thomas N. Wise, M.D.
James J. Strain, M.D. Graham Thornicroft, Ph.D. David A. Waller, M.D. Thomas F. Witheridge, Ph.D.
John S. Strauss, M.D. Armen H. Thoumaian, David P. Walling, M.D. John C. Wolfe, Ph.D.
Jon Streltzer, M.D. Ph.D., L.C.S.W. Frederick Ward, M.S., LL.P. Normund Wong, M.D.
Rosemary C. Strickland, Gary D. Tollefson, M.D., Lorne B. Warneke, M.D. Sherwyn M. Woods, M.D.
R.N., M.S.N. Ph.D. Stephen E. Warres, M.D. George E. Woody, M.D.
Mark G. Stringer, M.A., E. Fuller Torrey, M.D. Stephen L. Washburn, M.D. Edward A. Workman, Ed.D.,
L.P.C. Darold A. Treffert, M.D. Donald Wasylenki, M.D. M.D.
Beth A. Stroul, M.Ed. Richard M. Trent, Ph.D. Bruce B. Way, Ph.D.
Gail W. Stuart, Ph.D., R.N. Elisa Triffleman, M.D. Stanley S. Weber, Pharm.D. Joel Yager, M.D.
Roland Sturm, Ph.D. Charlotte M. F. Trotter, Christopher Webster, Ph.D. Valery W. Yandow, M.D.
Richard T. Suchinsky, M.D. Dr.P.H. William W. Weddington, Willie K. Yee, M.D.
Max Sugar, M.D. Ming T. Tsuang, M.D. M.D. Jerome A. Yesavage, M.D.
J. Greer Sullivan, M.D. Gary J. Tucker, M.D. Peter Weiden, M.D. Daniel Yohanna, M.D.
Peg Sullivan Kenneth J. Weiss, M.D. Judith S. Yongue, M.D.
Clarence J. Sundram, J.D. J. Thomas Ungerleider, M.D. William D. Weitzel, M.D. Kimberly Yonkers, M.D.
Richard C. Surles, Ph.D. Steven Welch, Ph.D. Alexander S. Young, M.D.
Felicity V. Swayze, M.S.W. Gwen Van Servellen, R.N., Steven Wengel, M.D. John L. Young, M.D., M.Th.
Susan E. Swedo, M.D. Ph.D. Joseph Westermeyer, M.D.
John A. Sweeny, Ph.D. Walter B. Van Vort, M.D. Howard C. Wetsman, M.D. James H. Zahniser, Ph.D.
Chester Swett, Jr., M.D. Gary R. VandenBos, Ph.D. Ralph N. Wharton, M.D. Alan Zametkin, M.D.
Ralph Swindle, Ph.D. Ann Vander Stoep, Ph.D. Paul H. Wick, M.D. Hugo J. Zee, M.D.
Bonnie Szarek, R.N. Vikki Vandiver, M.S.W., Thomas A. Widiger, Ph.D. Mark Zetin, M.D.
Dr.PH. Dow A. Wieman, Ph.D. Weiying Zhang, M.P.H., M.D.
Tero Taiminen, M.D., Ph.D. Joan Vansolkema, R.N., Norman A. Wieseler, Ph.D. Penelope P. Ziegler, M.D.
Kenneth Tardiff, M.D. M.S.N. Mark L. Willenbring, M.D. Gary B. Zimberg, M.D.
Stan Taubman, D.S.W. Russell G. Vasile, M.D. Barry S. Willer, Ph.D. Anthony M. Zipple, Sc.D.
Mary P. Taugher, Ph.D., Carmen I. Vazquez, Ph.D. Janet B. W. Williams, D.S.W. Arthur Zitrin, M.D.
O.T.R. Dawn Velligan, Ph.D. Gordon B. Willis, Ph.D. Charles F. Zorumski, M.D.
Radu Teodorescu, M.D. Marie Verna, B.A. William H. Wilson, M.D. Deborah M. Zuskar, Ph.D.
Linda A. Teplin, Ph.D. Bonita Veysey, Ph.D. Elizabeth A. Winans, Jack Zusman, M.D.
Kenneth G. Terkelsen, M.D. Milton Viederman, M.D. Pharm.D. William R. Zwick, Ph.D.
Coming in the January issue
o Examining the last half-century of psychiatric
services as reflected in this journal
o An overnight observation program at a Veterans
Affairs medical center
o Pregnancy of the early-career psychiatrist
o Homelessness in Amsterdam and New York
PSYCHIATRIC SERVICES o December 1999 Vol. 50 No. 12 1569