Geography of North Africa and Southwest Asia by niusheng11

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									Geography of North Africa and Southwest Asia
    Peninsulas and Seas
•   Two Peninsulas and three bodies of water make up the central area of N Africa and SW Asia

•   The largest is the Arabian Peninsula in SW Asia
     –   The Red Sea borders this to the W

•   Stretching into the Red Sea is the smaller Sinai Peninsula

•   The Dead Sea, located at the mouth of the Jordan River, forms part of the border between
    Israel and Jordan
     –   It is actually a landlocked saltwater lake

     –   Its shore is the lowest place on earth – 1312ft. Below sea level

     –   Saltiest body of water in the world, about 9 times as salty as the ocean
                                           Rivers
•   Rivers provide water and deposit rich soil in the otherwise dry desert regions of N
    Africa and SW Asia

•   Nile River flows 4,160 miles, and is the longest river in the world
     – For thousands of years the Nile River has benefited Egypt

     – The fertile strip of land along its banks was the site of one of the world’s earliest
       civilizations

     – In ancient times the predictable annual floods allowed farmers to plant their crops in the
       rich soil it provides

     – The dams built in the Nile extend irrigation and allow planting of more than one crop a year
                   Tigris and Euphrates
• Several thousand years ago a series of civilizations developed in
  Mesopotamia, which means “land between two rivers”

• Both rivers originate in the mountains of E Turkey and flow SE through Syria
  and Iraq

• The Euphrates, the longer river, flows 1700 miles

• The Tigris extends about 1200 miles

• The Tigris and the Euphrates rivers help to irrigate farms in otherwise dry
  SW Asia
                     Natural Resources
• The most important natural
  resources in N Africa and SW Asia
  are petroleum and natural gas

• Current estimates are that the region
  contains more than 60% of the
  world’s known petroleum sources

• Much of the region’s petroleum and
  natural gas are found in the countries
  bordering the Persian gulf and in
  Algeria and Libya

• Oil and gas, for the present time,
  portray these countries as being
  wealthy

• Increased wealth came to the
  region’s oil producing nations when
  the global demand for oil in the
  1970’s led to increases in prices

								
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