Food & Nutrition
opportunity to observe trial beds using
Extension Staff and
Events & compost and worm castings as soil
How to Reach Us: Information amendments.
2007 Gardening Classes & Tough-as-Nails Gardening
25 River Street – Suite E
Cathlamet, WA. 986l2 Workshops Saturday, July 28, 11:00 a.m.
(PO Box 278) Presented by WSU Master Salkum Timberland Library
Phone: 360-795-3278 Gardeners & WSU Master 2480 U.S. Highway 12
Fax: 360-795-0317 Recycler Composters of Lewis Free
County Tour a Master Gardener
Jennifer Leach demonstration garden with a variety of
County Director Salkum Library colorful garden beds consisting
WSU 4-H Youth Agent Demonstration Garden Tour, of drought-tolerant, rabbit and deer
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org resistant flowers and shrubs. Master
Plant Clinic & Friends of the Gardeners will be on hand to explain
Lore Hammond Twiet Library Book and Plant Sale the gardens and to answer gardening
Administrative Assistant Saturday, May 5, questions.
E-mail: 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.
This annual event will include tours of Fall Gardening for Everyone
Carrie Kennedy the Master Gardener “Tough as Nails” Saturday, September 9
Small Farm/Ag Program Assistant gardens, a Master Gardener Plant and 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m.
Food & Nutrition Assistant Insect Clinic to answer gardening Centralia College - Washington
Food $ense Program questions and book and plant sale by Hall Free
E-mail: the Friends of the Library. Six free gardening classes to be
email@example.com announced in August. To receive a
Straw Bale Gardening mailer with class information
Saturday, June 2, 10:00 a.m. contact the Master Gardener office at
This newsletter is edited by Lore Twiet Salkum Timberland Library 740-1216 to leave a name, mailing
2480 U.S. Highway 12 address, city, state, zip and an e-mail
Free address or e-mail the information
Cooperating agencies: Washington to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Master Gardeners will demonstrate
State University, U.S. Department of
how to raise warm-season vegetable
Agriculture and Wahkiakum County.
crops and some annual bedding
plants using straw-bales to create
Extension programs and employment
raised beds. This is a great gardening
are available to all without
technique for children or older
discrimination. Evidence of
gardeners with back problems.
noncompliance may be reported 2007 Brown Bag Forums
Children are encouraged to participate
through your local Extension office. All classes will be held 12:00 noon to
in this hands-on activity.
1:00pm in the Cowlitz Co.
Composting & Vermiculture Administrative Bldg., Room 300, 207-
4th Ave. N, Kelso; except where noted.
Saturday, August 11, 9:00 a.m. Elder resource fair, April 19th
Master Gardener Borst Park 12noon to 2pm
Demonstration Garden What are the needs of the elderly?
Free Where does one go to find services to
This will be a repeat of the February help meet those needs? Meet
17th class at Centralia College but it representatives from agencies in our
will be hands-on. You’ll also have an
area who serve the elderly and learn Make It for Others
what they have to offer. In the Make It for Others (district- Antibiotics are among the wonder
level only) contest, all regular Make It drugs of our time, preventing
The internet and your child, May 8th With Wool rules apply regarding countless details from deadly
The internet is a wonderful tool to content of wool and garment infections and illness such as
provide your family with educational categories. However, the entrant does pneumonia, meningitis and
activities and new experiences. not have to model the garment tuberculosis.
Unfortunately, it can also be a place himself/herself. Instead, the garment
where danger lurks for your kids. must be modeled for the district However, if people take these
Learn tips on how to make the internet competition judging and fashion show powerful medications when they don’t
a safe experience for your family. by the person for whom it was made. need them, it costs them money in the
Information on the entry form should short term and has the potential to cost
Creating a pond in my yard, June pertain to the person who constructed them a lot more money if they become
5th the garment, not the model. resistant to the drugs, making
Wouldn’t we all love to have a pond themselves and others vulnerable to
in our landscape? WSU Master Prizes serious illnesses with no available
Gardeners will tell you what plants to District Preteen winners will receive cure.
add and a few to avoid and why. Also 1.5 yards of Pendleton wool fabric.
what you can do to help to help your Each district winner in the Junior, Unfortunately, according to national
fish hide from the critters that like to Senior, and both Adult categories will surveys, many Americans take
go fishing. receive a trip to the state finals at the antibiotics improperly. Some
at the Best Western Lake Inn in Moses common ways people misuse
Lake on November 3, 2007. Make It antibiotics include:
for Others winners will receive 2.5 • Using antibiotics from a
yards of Pendleton wool fabric. previous illness
State Junior and Senior winners each • Taking someone else’s
will receive a trip to the national antibiotics
competition at the Riviera Hotel in • Stopping antibiotics too soon.
Las Vegas, NV, January 24–26, 2008.
State Junior and Senior alternates will
Washington State Make It win sewing machines.
with Wool As a patient and a consumer, you can
One overall Adult winner will be do a lot to protect yourself form
2007 Contest Information selected at state to receive a serger. resistant bacteria. The key is taking
This contest is made possible through The garment, a video, and photos of antibiotics only when needed and then
contributions from the Washington him/her in the garment will advance to using them correctly as follows:
Wool Growers’ Auxiliary, Pendleton the national Adult competition. One • Don’t save left over
Woolen Mills, and other kind overall national Adult winner is medicines to treat the next
sponsors. chosen to model his/her garment at the sore throat or earache in your
national competition. The state Adult family. Only a doctor can
Entering the Contest alternate wins $100 in cash. tell when you really need an
Entries may be sewn, knit, crocheted, antibiotic – and which type is
woven or felted and must contain a For more information contact State best for your illness.
minimum of 60 percent wool fibers.* Director: Mrs. Susan Parr at (253) • Understand when
Entries are judged 60 percent on how 922-5403 or E-mail antibiotics are necessary.
they appear and fit on the contestant email@example.com Antibiotics work only on
and 40 percent on construction (off the A contest brochure may be down bacterial infections, including
contestant). Age categories are Preteen loaded from the web site at: strep throat, urinary tract
(12 and under), Junior (13–16), Senior http://www.home.earthlink.net/~washi infections and many ear
(17–24), Adult (25–49), and Adult (50 ngtonwoolcontest infections. Antibiotics can’t
and over). Preteens compete at district cure an illness caused by a
level only. virus – and viruses cause
*To test fabric for wool content, place Food and colds, flu and most sore
a scrap in one cup of bleach throats.
overnight. One-hundred-percent wool Nutrition
• Take antibiotics at the same
will have no residue left. If any fibers
time every day. Antibiotics
remain, the fabric is a blend. Some Using Antibiotics Safely work best when they are
finishes and natural fiber content may
taken on a regular schedule.
• Always finish your
prescription. Once you start
and Wisely to feel better, you may be
tempted to stop taking your There is a helpful list compiled by influence the digestive system
antibiotic. But by not Mayoclinic.com that can help you met hormones gherlin and leptin that
finishing your prescription, your daily fiber needs. control hunger and appetite. Ghrelin
you could risk getting sick tells you you are hungry. Leptin tells
again or becoming resistant Guide to sugars and your brain that you are full. HFCS has
to the antibiotic. Artificial Sweeteners been shown to lower lepin secretion so
you never get the message that you are
When you start taking an antibiotic, Americans are getting fatter and added full. And HFCS fails to shut off
the sensitive, weaker germs die first, sweetener may be partly to blame. gherlin production so that you feel
while the stronger, more resistant We consume roughly 100 pounds of hungry even though you have food in
bacteria survive. If you stop taking sweetener per person per year. your stomach. All of this can lead to
your antibiotic too soon, the stronger, Sweeteners come in a variety of forms weight gain.
more resistant bacteria could survive – table sugar, honey, high-fructose
and multiply. As a result, your illness corn syrup (HFCS), fruit juice Products sweetened with concentrated
may linger or you could develop concentrates, artificial sweeteners and fruit juices are not much better
another infection that is harder to treat. sugar alcohols. Check food labels and because fruit-juice concentrates also
chances are you will find one or more have high levels of fructose. Stick
The bottom line? Taking an of these sweeteners in a large number with whole fruit or fruit juice diluted
antibiotic exactly as prescribed by of products – some of which might with water. Are artificial sweeteners
your doctor will not only help cure surprise you. Sweeteners are used in and sugar alcohols better choices than
your existing illness, but can also help everything from cookies, jams and sugar and HFCS? Although artificial
protect you from a more serious energy bars to ketchup, salad dressing, sweeteners such as aspartame
infection later on. bread and pasta sauces to sport drinks, NutraSweet, Equal) and sucralose
coffee drinks, sodas and chewing gum. (Spenda) are virtually calorie free,
So which sweetener to choose? consuming them may lead to a craving
Fiber Rich Foods for sweetness – a sweet tooth. Sugar
Fiber has many roles in good health. Let’s start with good old sugar – table alcohols such as maltitol and sorbitol
Fiber is important to move foods sugar, honey, maple syrup and corn are low in calories because they are
through your digestive track easily and syrup. These are carbohydrates and not completely absorbed in the
quickly. It is helpful in preventing contain calories so they will affect digestive tract and sugar alcohols
constipation. Eating a diet rich in blood glucose levels and contribute to don’t affect blood glucose levels as
fiber may help reduce the risk of heart your daily calorie intake. If you are much as sugar does. In addition, sugar
disease and diabetes, and it may help diabetic or have insulin sensitivity you alcohols do not contribute to tooth
with weight loss. will need to consider these sugars as decay so they are used in sugarless
part of the daily carbohydrate intake gum and toothpaste. Sugar alcohols
Fiber is often referred to as roughage and if you are watching your weight, are also used in other food products
or bulk. There are two types of fiber: don’t forget to account for these such as ice cream and bakery items
soluble and insoluble. sweeteners – such as in beverages – as but are not used as much as sugar,
Soluble fiber dissolves in water. It is part of your daily calorie intake. HFCS, aspartame or sucralose because
helpful in keeping blood cholesterol consuming too much sugar alcohol
and glucose levels low. Soluble fiber But not all sugars are the same. While can cause bloating, gas and diarrhea.
is found in foods such as oats, peas, table sugar – sucrose – breaks down
beans, apples, citrus fruits, carrots and into 50% glucose and 50% fructose in So… what to do? The best advice is
barley. our bodies, HFCS has a higher to limit your intake of added
Insoluble fiber adds stool bulk and is percentage of fructose content. Our sweeteners, especially HFCS. And a
often helpful in preventing and bodies can metabolize both glucose good rule of thumb is always
relieving constipation. Insoluble fiber and fructose however we metabolize “everything in moderation”.
is found in foods such as whole wheat, them differently and can only handle Source:
wheat bran, nuts and many vegetables. limited amounts of fructose at one www.naturemade.com/WellnessTopics
time. Unlike glucose, which is
Americans typically do not get enough metabolized in cells throughout the
fiber in their diets. According to body for energy, fructose is
MayoClinic.com, men under age 50 metabolizes almost entirely in the liver
need to have 38 grams of fiber each and is more likely to result in the
day and women under 50 need 25 creation of fats – especially the types
grams. Men 51 years of age and older of fat that increase the risk of heart
need 30 grams each day and women disease. In addition, HFCS, which is
51 years of age and older need 21 cheaper than sugar and is now the
grams. leading sweetener in beverages and
processed foods, has been shown to
2 tsp. dried thyme, crushed
1 tsp. salt Gardening
1 tsp. black pepper
Pick through beans to remove bad
ones. Rinse beans well. In a large pot,
combine beans, water, onion, celery
and bay leaves. Bring to a boil.
Reduce heat, cover and cook over low
heat for about 1 ½ hours or until beans Spring is when it all happens for the
are tender. Stir, mash beans against rhododendron enthusiast. Most
side of pan. Add green pepper, garlic, rhododendrons are spring blooming,
parsley, thyme, salt and black pepper. although flowers can be had from
Cook uncovered over low heat until mid-winter until well into the summer.
creamy, about 30 minutes. Remove
bay leaves. Serve with hot cooked Dead heading
brown rice if desired. When the rhododendron flowers have
gone over, carefully remove the
Makes 8 servings, 1 ¼ cups each flower head at the base, taking care
Per serving: 171 calories, less than 1 not to remove or damage the growth
Recipes: g. total fat, less that 1 g saturated fat, 0 buds at the base of the flower shoot.
mg cholesterol, 285 mg sodium, 7 g Plants that re not deadheaded will put
Herbed Brown Rice fiber, 10 g protein, 32 g growing and flowering energy into
Ingredients: carbohydrates, 665 mg potassium. seed production. Young, newly
¼ tsp. ground cumin planted or transplanted bushes are
2 ½ cups lower-sodium, fat-free Sunshine Bean Casserole especially worth deadheading.
chicken broth Ingredients:
1 ½ cups instant brown rice ½ - 1 pound ground turkey Weeding
3 Tbs`. olive oil 1 large onion, chopped Rhododendrons are surface rooting
2 garlic cloves, minced 1 - 16 ounce can read bean, drained plants and weeding should be done
1 Tbs. chopped fresh thyme 1 – 16 ounce can lima beans, drained with care, and never with a hoe or
1 Tbs. chopped fresh rosemary 1 – 16 ounce can garbanzo beans, digging with a fork or spade as this
1 Tbs. chopped fresh sage Drained will damage the delicate feeding roots
1 Tbs. chopped fresh chives ¼ cup brown sugar that lie near the surface.
Freshly ground black pepper 1 tablespoon prepared mustard
½ cup catsup Mulching
Combine the cumin and broth in a 3 tablespoons vinegar Rhododendrons provide a natural
medium saucepan and bring to a boil. 1 tablespoon water mulch with their fallen leaves. Do not
Add the rice, reduce the heat, cover remove this as it adds required
and simmer for 10 minutes. Combine In a large skillet, cook ground turkey nutrients to the soil.
the remaining ingredients and pour and onions until meat is no longer
over the cooked rice, stirring to pink. Stir in drained beans, sugar, If you live in warm or dry climate
combine. Makes 6 servings. mustard, catsup, vinegar and water. supplementary mulch such as pea-
Simmer over low heat until heated and straw will help to retain soil moisture.
Per serving – ½ cup: flavors are blended. Mulch after the ground has warmed -
Calories: 160, total fat: 8g, saturated to suppress weeds and to retain
fat: 1g, fiber: 1g, sodium: 170 mg, moisture. Never mulch over dry soils
To cook in oven:
cholesterol: 0mg, carbohydrates: 18g, Follow skillet directions above. Put but wait until a rain shower or the
protein: 4g. turkey and bean mixture into a 2 ½ hose has thoroughly dampened the
quart baking dish. Cover and bake an ground. Some mulch materials can
New Orleans Red Beans hour at 325 F. deplete nitrogen as it decomposes; the
Ingredients: signal is leaves that begin to yellow.
1 pound dry read beans To cook in crock pot or slow cooker:
2 quarts water Follow skillet direction above. Put Take care when mulching to keep the
1 ½ cups chopped onion turkey and bean mixture into a slow main plant stem clear or collar rot can
1 cup chopped celery cooker or crock pot and simmer for 3- result. Never use mushroom compost
4 bay leaves 4 hours. as this is alkaline and rhododendrons
1 cup chopped green pepper Source: Eating Well for Less are acid-soil loving plants.
3 Tbs. chopped garlic
3 Tbs. chopped parsley
Feeding some fruit bearing trees or shrubs. insects tunneling under the bark are an
Rhododendrons planted in good Plants that hold their fruits through the important food source for birds such
garden soils should not require winter provide a vital food source for as chickadees, woodpeckers and
supplementary feeding. On thin and non-migratory birds. Add variety to nuthatches. Furthermore, old hollow
poor soils, add generous amounts of the kinds of food you offer and you trees are becoming increasingly scarce
well-rooted compost (not mushroom will attract a wider variety of bird and cavity nesting birds such as
compost) into the soil before planting. species. bluebirds and woodpeckers are having
an increasingly difficult time finding
Mulch with a good compost, or use a A good water source will draw birds nest sites. A dead tree can look
specialist rhododendron fertilizer like a magnet. Even just a common attractive in a garden, particularly it is
following the instructions carefully. birdbath purchased at a garden supply has ivy growing up its trunk.
shop will do. Some people hang a
Shade plastic bottle or jug of water with a Use dead branches that fall from your
Rhododendrons are under-storey trees hole in the bottom over their birdbath. trees to stat a brush pile. It will afford
or come from climates without hot The motion and sound of the dripping protection to the birds form harsh
dry, blazing summer days. Planting water is irresistible to many birds. weather and predators.
under the canopy of suitable shade
trees or on the shady side of a house or Does your yard have an area of dense With a little time and effort, you can
wall will protect plants from sun- thickets that birds could use for easily turn your yard into a welcome
scorch, as spring becomes summer. nesting, secluded perching, or escape haven for local and migrant songbirds.
Source: bestgradening.com cover? If not, them plant some shrubs
or make a hedge. Consider growing The following is a list of bird-friendly
some vines up the side of your house plants.
or along your fence. Try to create Deciduous trees:
lush, wild growth in a few places to Mulberries – the berries produced by
simulate a natural environment. these trees in July and August are a
favorite food of more than 40 bird
You should be able to find some species. These wide-spreading,
excellent plants for your garden in a medium sized trees grow 30 to 60 feet
nursery – either local or mail order. If tall, depending on the species.
you buy from an out-of-state nursery, Dogwoods – an excellent choice for
Creating a Garden
however, be sure that the plants you birds and people, this well-known
for Birds purchase will be hardy in your region. ornamental tree is covered with white,
Few things are as interesting and pink or red flowers in spring and red
beautiful as songbirds. They brighten When you are designing your yard, fruits (birds love them) from August
up the darkest days of winter, adding consider how large each plant will be to November. Grows up to 40 feet
music and color to our lives. What when it matures. Remember that a tall.
can we do to repay them? For starters, lovely little tree that you plant today Crab apples – Many bird species eat
we can make our yards more bird may become a giant that hogs your the flower buds, flowers, fruit and
friendly. Never before has suitable entire yard in a few years. So shop seeds of these trees which also provide
habitat for birds been in such short wisely and avoid make a costly error. good cover and nest sties. Usually
supply. Urban areas are expanding grow to about 20 feet tall.
constantly, altering or destroying Serviceberries – these are medium
Before you start digging up plants and
natural areas. By creating bird sized trees, 25 to 60 feet tall, that grow
rearranging your yard, you will want
gardens, we provide oases for birds in masses of white or pinkish flowers in
to try out your garden design on paper.
the heart of our cities. And not only spring. Fruits appear in the summer.
Avoid straight lines or rows in your
will the birds benefit, but if you make Coniferous trees:
plantings. Create a meandering line
your yard more attractive to birds, you Red cedar – An attractive cone-shaped
where two kinds of habitat, such as
will have the pleasure of seeing an tree, offering cover, nest sites and
shrubs and lawn meet. These edge
increasing number and variety of birds winter fruit for birds. Usually grows
areas provide the widest variety of
there. 50 to 90 feet tall.
perching places, nest sites and food
types. Develop secluded areas of Spruce – the cones of these trees
The first step in designing a bird produce seeds that birds eat in fall and
shrubs, conifer and mixed plantings.
garden is to evaluate your yard from a winter. Spruces also provide cover and
Take note of the areas in your yard
bird’s perspective. Does it provide the next sties. They may grow up to 150
that receive sun or shade and choose
basic necessities – food, water, shelter feet tall.
only plants that are appropriate for
– that birds need to survive? If not,
each lighting situation.
which are lacking? If there is a Shrubs and vines:
Leave dead limbs and even entire dead
shortage of food, you can hang up bird Northern Bayberry – this semi-
trees where they are; unless they are
feeders, but also consider planting evergreen shrub grows fragrant
dangerous to people or property. The
berries, which stay on the plant year- Little" mini-pumpkins delight either rain or irrigation not
round and are a preferred food of tree children! both.
swallows, catbirds, bluebirds and may
others. Lawn care: • Mow every five to seven
Staghorn Sumac – this shrub has days.
brilliant red fall foliage and clusters of • Fertilize in late April, using a
hairy red fruit that persist throughout 3-1-2 ratio slow-release or • Tolerate some weeds; dig out
winter and are eaten by many bird natural organic formulation. dandelions to prevent
Viburnums – A large genus of easy- • Mow regularly.
to-grow shrubs with white flowers in
spring, followed by red, yellow, blue, • Recycle grass clippings on to
or black berries. Birds eat the berries lawn, "grass cycling."
and find cover in the branches.
Wild grapes – These climbing vines Garden essentials:
provide superb fruit, eaten by more MAY • Plant fall perennials; asters,
than 50 birds species. The vines also Garden essentials: chrysanthemums.
provide excellent cover and nest sties. • Visit public gardens for fresh
Virgina Creeper – A tree-climbing ideas. • Encourage birds in garden for
vine that produces small blue berries help with insect control.
from August to February. Brilliant • Trim spring-blooming shrubs
scarlet foliage in autumn. after bloom. • Remember, if you kill a
Edited from Bird Notes, Cornell beneficial insect, you inherit
Laboratory of Ornithology • Remove spent bulb seedpods, its work.
allowing bulb foliage to
mature. • Enjoy June colors and scents.
• Fill containers for summer Veggies year-round:
• Replant replacement crops
• Combine herbs with annual when early lettuce, mustard
flowers. greens, bok choys and
APRIL • Plant dahlias, gladiolus and
Garden essentials: calla lilies. • Mulch the garden with a thin
layer of straw or rough
• Plant annual seeds of asters,
Veggies year-round: compost after soil warms.
cosmos, marigolds, zinnias.
• Harden tender transplants by • Control weeds with frequent
• Take stored fuchsias and
putting them out in a light cultivation.
geraniums outdoors; cover if
frost returns. sheltered location and
bringing them in at night. • Provide an inch of water a
week as rains taper off.
• Finish garden cleanup and
fertilizing. • When soil warms, seed corn
and beans. Lawn care:
• Start your garden log now
• Transplant starts of heat- • Water deeply and slowly.
while spring energy reigns!
lovers such as tomatoes,
peppers, squash and • Keep irrigation systems on
Veggies year-round: manual, not timed,
• Thin direct-seeded crops as
they sprout. • Continue "grass cycling."
Lawn care: Grass clippings don't create
• Sow carrots and parsnips.
• Late in the month, plant • Check all irrigation systems;
set up a simple rain gauge. • Mow often enough to remove
squash, zucchini, pumpkins
only one-third of grass blade
and cucumber seeds indoors
• Lawns optimally require 1 length.
in large peat pots. "Jack-Be-
inch of water weekly, as
than needed, since you’ll be stretching wet towel (to attract the dust) for 15
the fabric as it is sewn. (A) minutes. Hang them back in the
Position the fabric at one end of the It is often difficult to clean the blades
cording. of a ceiling fan. Make future cleaning
easier by covering them with a coat of
With right sides facing, fold the furniture polish. Wipe off the excess
fabric in halt lengthwise, encasing the and lightly buff.
Sometimes comforters, blankets and
Using a zipper foot, stitch across one pillows don't need to be cleaned, but
end of the fabric and the cording at the they need to be aired out after a long,
Home Life cord center. Continue stitching the closed-up winter. Take them outside
fabric, stretching it as you sew. Stitch and hang them on a clothesline for a
close to the cording, being careful not day to release the stale air.
How to remove tree sap to catch it is the stitching. (C)
from the carpet Tips and Tricks
According to the International Cut off the corner of the fabric at the
Here are 3 tips from Woman’s Day for
Fabricare Institute, this home remedy starting end, and trim the seam
may work: allowance. (D)
Ripped hem: tape it temporarily with
masking or duct tape. If there is time
Mix ¼ teaspoon mild dish Turn the fabric right side out onto
secure with narrow fusible web.
washing detergent with 1 cup the cording (E)
of lukewarm water. Do not Missing buttons: Use a costume
use a stronger concentration, jewelry pin to close a blouse or skirt,
as it may damage the carpet. Spring Cleaning or fasten the waistband on pants or
Apply a small amount of the Springtime is when the items in the skirt with a safety pin and cover with a
solution to a white cloth and refrigerator change from winter foods wide belt.
blot onto the sap. to summer foods, so this provides a
Rinse the area by blotting perfect opportunity to clean the Stuck zipper: Rub a bar of soap over
with a towel and cold water refrigerator. The best cleaner is a the zipper teeth. Move the zipper pull
until the detergent residue is combination of salt and soda water. up and down to distribute the soap;
completely removed. After The bubbling action of the soda water wipe off any residue.
rinsing, blot again with dry combined with the abrasive texture of
towel. the salt works great as a cleaner. When hand sewing a button put a
Never use laundry detergent Another area in the kitchen that could piece of tape over the button to secure
on carpet; it may contain use a seasonal cleaning is the faucet. it to the fabric. The tape removes
bleaching agents that could There may be a buildup of lime easily and you don’t have to worry
damage the fiber and/or around the fixture. The best way to get about the button slipping.
color. rid of it is to lay paper towels over the
If the stain remains, try fixture and soak it with vinegar, letting If you have an old magnetic photo
mixing 2 tablespoons of it set for one hour. The deposits will album that is empty, use it to store
household ammonia with 1 soften and become easier remove. return address labels. Magnetic
cup of water and apply as for photo albums are bad for photos
the detergent solution above. To clean screens, use a scrap of anyway because of the acid content on
If the stain still remains, it is carpeting this makes a powerful brush the pages.
time to seek help from a that removes all the dirt.
carpet cleaning professional. Cut the finger off an old rubber glove,
Clean windows with a rag and soapy
and slide over the handle of long-
How to cover cording water, then dry them with another rag.
Another quick-cleaning option handled tools and brooms. This
Fabric-covered cording is a very prevents them from slipping when you
versatile design tool. It can be sued to involves going to an auto-parts store
and purchasing a windshield squeegee. prop them against a wall while
make knot buttons, loops, frogs, purse working.
handles or trim. State with cording They're available for less than $5, and
twice as long as needed. they clean very well.
Cut bias strips wide enough to wrap If drapes are looking a little drab, take
around the cording, adding extra for them out of the window, remove the
seam allowances. Cut the strips wider hooks and run them through the air-
fluff cycle in the dryer, along with a
Tips for Using Baking
Soda • Dust baking soda under your
Baking soda is a must – one box does
arms as needed to feel fresh
so much. It is a dishwashing aid, pot
all day. Baking soda actually
scrubber, hand cleanser, deodorant,
absorbs odors instead of just
toothpaste, fire extinguisher and good
covering them up.
for tons of other uses.
• Get ready for your next
• For cooked-on foods: let barbecue by sprinkling dry
• Baking soda can help in the
them soak in the baking baking soda on a damp brush,
initial handling of minor
soda/detergent water first, scrub the grill and rinse
grease or electrical kitchen
then use dry baking soda on a clean. For tough, greasy
fires. That is because when
clean damp sponge or cloth stains, scrub with a wire
baking soda is heated, it gives
as a scratchless scouring brush and a baking soda paste
off carbon dioxide, which
powder. (3 parts baking soda to 1 part
helps to smother the flames.
For small cooking fires warm water).
• Forget harsh soaps and gently (frying pans, broilers, ovens,
scrub away ground-in dirt grills), turn off the gas or • Car of RV smelling a bit
and neutralize odors on hands electricity if you can safely musty? Odors settle into the
with a paste of 3 parts baking do so. Stand back and throw upholstery and carpet, and
soda to l part water, or handfuls of baking soda at are released into the air each
sprinkle baking soda onto the base of the flame to help time you sit down. Eliminate
liquid hand soap in your put out the fire – and call the odors by sprinkling baking
palm. Then rinse clean. fire department just to be soda directly from a shaker
Your skin will feel softer, safe. on fabric car seats and
too. carpets. Wait 15 minutes or
• Baking soda is a gentle non-
fluoride dentifrice that helps longer for strong odors) and
keep teeth clean and white. vacuum up the odors with the
Dip a damp toothbrush in baking soda. Be sure to
some baking soda sprinkled check for color-fastness first.
into you palm. Brush as
usual and rinse.
Scenes from sites located in Wahkiakum County.