1. Jacksonian democracy included a weak challenge to the institution of slavery.
2. The “age of Jackson” was less a triumph for the common man than conservatives feared.
3. More people gained the right to vote in the 1830s, but requirements for voters to own property remained in place.
4. The Dorr Rebellion was generally consistent with Jacksonian principles.
5. During the Jacksonian era, free blacks could not vote at all in the South and hardly anywhere in the North.
6. One of the major reforms of the Jacksonian period was the introduction of the secret ballot.
7. By 1840 the actual number of adult white males who voted had risen to 80 percent.
8. During the Jacksonian period, political parties were regarded as a threat to democracy.
9. The Whig Party was the first national political party.
10. As president, Andrew Jackson’s first political target was the Bank of the United States.
11. National political conventions were introduced during the Jacksonian period in order to expand the democratic process.
12. Andrew Jackson believed a strong federal government would lead to a strong democracy.
13. As Andrew Jackson’s vice president, John C. Calhoun became a strong Jackson opponent.
14. The Peggy Eaton affair improved Andrew Jackson’s relationship with John C. Calhoun.
15. The Webster-Hayne debate concerned primarily the issue of the sale of public lands.
16. Calhoun’s defense of his doctrine of nullification was directed primarily at the issue of tariffs.
17. Andrew Jackson sided with Robert Hayne in the Webster-Hayne debate.
18. President Jackson considered those who favored nullification to be traitors.
19. President Jackson was a strong advocate for protecting the autonomy of Indian tribes.
20. In the early nineteenth century, many whites viewed Indians as “noble savages.”
21. President Jackson sought to remove all of the eastern Indian tribes except the “Five Civilized Tribes.”
22. In the Black Hawk War, white forces attacked Indians as they surrendered and retreated.
23. In Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, the Supreme Court ruled against the Indian tribe.
24. Unlike most other tribes, the relocation of the Seminoles in Florida was never completed.
25. In the 1830s, as a result of removal policies, the United States gained control of more than 100 million acres of Indian
26. President Jackson vetoed the Maysville Road even though this proposed road was in his home state.
27. Opposition to the Bank of the United States came from both “soft-money” and “hard-money” advocates.
28. The results of the election of 1832 could be interpreted as a defeat for both Henry Clay and Nicholas Biddle.
29. The case of Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge could be interpreted as a victory for the forces of democracy.
30. Although political opponents, Whigs supported President Jackson’s use of the veto.
31. The Whigs were more concerned with their political philosophy than with winning elections.
32. Jacksonians were more likely than Whigs to favor territorial expansion.
33. The Democrats were more likely than Whigs to oppose legislation establishing banks.
34. The well-to-do were more likely to support Whigs than Democrats.
35. The Panic of 1837 began the worst American depression to that point.
36. The “penny press” was more lively and sensationalistic than previous newspapers.
37. The Washington Star was the first of the new “penny press” newspapers.
38. In 1840 the Whigs elected a president for the first time.
39. John Tyler saw every cabinet member but one resign together from his administration.
40. The “Aroostook War” was the result of tensions between Canada and Maine.
41. The Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 was strongly criticized in the United States.
42. During the Tyler administration, the United States established diplomatic relations with China.
1. President Jackson’s attack on federal officeholders led to the introduction of what one of his allies called the
2. Jackson’s supporters created the ___________________ as a forum for selecting candidates for president.
3. Thomas Dorr and his followers formed a _________________.
4. John C. Calhoun championed a states’ rights theory called ___________________.
5. John C. Calhoun argued that the federal government was a creation of the __________.
6. John C. Calhoun’s most powerful rival within the Jackson administration was _______________ _______.
7. The main issue of public policy at stake in the Webster-Hayne debate was the _____________.
8. The most successful of the “Five Civilized Tribes” when it came to resisting Jackson’s removal policy were the
9. The forced Cherokee migration on what was called the Trail of Tears ended in the territory of ________________.
10. In the election of 1832, Andrew Jackson was opposed by _________________.
11. ____________________ succeeded John Marshall as chief justice of the Supreme Court.
12. Radical Jacksonians were known as __________________.
13. William Morgan mysteriously disappeared shortly before he published a book, which allegedly exposed the secrets of
14. The Great Triumvirate consisted of Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, and ________________.
15. President Jackson’s distrust of paper currency became obvious when in 1836 he issued an executive order called the
16. Upon the death of William Henry Harrison, the former Democrat who became president was ________________.
1. What changes in the political process occurred during the 1820s which support the claim that American democracy was
on the rise?
2. How “democratic” was the United States during the 1830s? Who was included in the political process and who was not?
3. What obstacles did Andrew Jackson see to American democracy? What steps did he take to reduce those obstacles?
4. What steps did Andrew Jackson take as president to strengthen the authority of the federal government? What did he
believe should be the limit of that authority?
5. How did Andrew Jackson’s ideals of democracy compare with Thomas Jefferson’s?
6. What role did political parties play during the 1830s and 1840s?
7. Since 1790, how had the nation’s general perception of political parties as part of the democratic process changed and
8. Why did Andrew Jackson not consider native tribes to be a part of democratic America? How did his Indian removal
policy fit into his concept of democracy?
9. What were the various tactics employed by the “Five Civilized Tribes” to resist removal? Why were these tactics
ultimately unable to prevent their removal?
10. What alternatives to Indian removal existed and why were they not taken?
11. For what reasons did Andrew Jackson oppose the doctrine of nullification and the Bank of the United States. What were
the consequences of his successful defeat of the doctrine and the Bank?
12. Characterize the presidency of Martin Van Buren.
13. What evidence supports the claim that Andrew Jackson was a “man of his times”?
14. What historical assessment would you give to Andrew Jackson’s presidency? What rating would you give him as