AP COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS NAME:_________________PER:___DAY:___ REVIEW SHEET, UNIT FOUR: The UK and EU; Islamic Republic of Iran Review Chapters 2 and 7 of text; Ethel Woods AP Comparative Study Guide, Zakaria, The Future of Freedom, Ch 1 and 4; and all homework questions, class notes, and class handouts for Unit 4. Extra Help: Wednesday 2:30-3:30pm in Room 316. REVIEW ASSIGNMENT: This review sheet serves as a study guide. Section 1: No written assignment due. Terms and Concepts. Section 2: Graded as a 20 point quiz. Conceptual analysis and country context question. Answer these questions thoroughly and carefully, and submit the day of the exam. TERMS AND CONCEPTS The terms section is for your reference; look up and define or take notes on any terms or concepts that you are unclear about. UNITED KINGDOM Industrial policy EUROPEAN UNION: geographic setting Managed decline The Commission natural resources stagflation The Council of Ministers GDP stats Thatcherism European Parliament HDI Enterprise culture European Court of Justice Population Monetarism European Monetary Union Constitutional liberalism Supply-side economics European Common Market Unwritten constitution Neo-liberalism MEPs British gradualism Conservative Party / Tories Supranational Organization Magna Carta -Traditionalists Treaty of Amsterdam English Bill of Rights -Thatcherites “three pillars” of Maastricht Glorious Revolution New Labour Treaty Westminster Model of government Clause IV Labour Party Constitution CAP Parliamentary sovereignty “Third Parties” in British politics Farm subsidies Parliamentary democracy Third Way European Constitution House of Lords Social security Globalization House of Commons NGOs Requirements for EU British enfranchisement (history of) Quangos membership Representation of the People Acts Communitarianism Unitary state Judicial review Centralized Unitary state Patron-client relations Federalism Northern Ireland Separation of powers IRA Fusion of powers Sein Fein Linkage Institutions Scottish and Welsh parliaments Devolution New social movements Constitutional monarchy Public school Head of state Social class Head of government Gender gap Prime Minister Volatility Margaret Thatcher Trans-Atlanticism, Trans-Atlantic John Major Alliance Tony Blair Anglo-American relationship Gordon Brown War on Terror David Cameron Iraq War Cabinet government NATO Foreign Office Euro Home Office / Ministry of Justice Pound Sterling Chancellor of Exchequer EEC Single-member plurality system EC First past the post system Common Market Loyal opposition EU Backbench dissent Maastricht Treaty Question time Social Charter No confidence vote Opt-out clause (in Maastricht Treaty) Checks and balances in British government National sovereignty British Empire Bank of England Free trade EMS Hegemonic power ERM British Commonwealth Franchise Collectivist Consensus Welfare state Noblesse Oblige Keynesianism Keynesian demand management Macroeconomic policy ISLAMIC REBULIC OF IRAN Revolutionary Guards geographic setting Linkage Institutions on Iran natural resources Political parties in Iran GDP stats Iranian Militant Clerics Society HDI Islamic Iran Participation Front Population Executives of Construction Party Persia Islamic Society of Engineers Islam OPEC The Five Pillars of Islam Oil Curse Qur’an Import substitution Sharia Political culture in Iran Sunni Mulsim Political cleavages in Iran Shia Muslim Civil society Mosques Religious minorities People of the Book “Equality with Difference” Fatwa Foreign relations Caliph Nuclear program Imam Ali Anti-Americanism Imam Israeli policy Ayatollah Mahdi (the Hidden Imam) Safavid Dynasty 1501-1722 Qajar Dynasty 1794-1925 European imperialism in Iran Constitutional Revolution of 1905-1909 1906 Constitution mellat WWI occupation post WWI famine Pahlavi Dynasty 1925-1979 Colonel Reza Khan Sha Pahlavi WWII occupation Sha Muhammad Pahlavi Tudeh Party National Front politics of oil 1950s 1953 Coup de tat Rentier state Accomplishments of the Pahlavis SAVAK Pahlavi Foundation Corporatism Neo-patrimonialism Resurgence Party bazaars, The White Revolution The Islamic Revolution of 1979 J Curve Theory of Revolutions Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini Islamic fundamentalism Islamic Republic Hostage Crisis Pasdaran Hezbollahis hojjat al-Islams Constitution of 1979 Supreme Leader Jurist’s guardianship Theocracy Ayatollah Ali Khamenei Expediency Council Guardial Council Assembly of Experts Legislature: Majles Majles elections of 2000 and 2004 Quanun Executive: president Presidential election 2005 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad Cabinet Bureaucracy Judiciary CONCEPTUAL ANALYSIS AND COUNTRY CONTEXT QUESTIONS: 1. Using a specific example for each of the five characteristics of a consolidated or established democracy, explain why the UK is classified as this type of system. a) b) c) d) e) 2. Using a specific example for each of the five characteristics of a consolidated or established democracy, explain why Iran is classified as an authoritarian regime. a) b) c) d) e) 3. Explain one current strength and one current weakness of the European Union. a) Strength: b) Weakness: 4. Discuss three characteristics of the Iranian political system that are, in theory, democratic. a) b) c) 5. Contrast the Iranian approach to economic success, to Britain’s approach.
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