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AP COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS - DOC

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					AP COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS                                 NAME:_________________PER:___DAY:___

REVIEW SHEET, UNIT FOUR: The UK and EU; Islamic Republic of Iran

Review Chapters 2 and 7 of text; Ethel Woods AP Comparative Study Guide, Zakaria, The Future of Freedom, Ch 1 and 4; and all
homework questions, class notes, and class handouts for Unit 4.

Extra Help: Wednesday 2:30-3:30pm in Room 316.

REVIEW ASSIGNMENT: This review sheet serves as a study guide.
Section 1: No written assignment due. Terms and Concepts.
Section 2: Graded as a 20 point quiz. Conceptual analysis and country context question. Answer these questions thoroughly and
carefully, and submit the day of the exam.

TERMS AND CONCEPTS
The terms section is for your reference; look up and define or take notes on any terms or concepts that you are unclear about.

UNITED KINGDOM
                                                 Industrial policy                               EUROPEAN UNION:
geographic setting
                                                 Managed decline                                 The Commission
natural resources
                                                 stagflation                                     The Council of Ministers
GDP stats
                                                 Thatcherism                                     European Parliament
HDI
                                                 Enterprise culture                              European Court of Justice
Population
                                                 Monetarism                                      European Monetary Union
Constitutional liberalism
                                                 Supply-side economics                           European Common Market
Unwritten constitution
                                                  Neo-liberalism                                 MEPs
British gradualism
                                                 Conservative Party / Tories                     Supranational Organization
Magna Carta
                                                 -Traditionalists                                Treaty of Amsterdam
English Bill of Rights
                                                 -Thatcherites                                   “three pillars” of Maastricht
Glorious Revolution
                                                 New Labour                                      Treaty
Westminster Model of government
                                                 Clause IV Labour Party Constitution             CAP
Parliamentary sovereignty
                                                 “Third Parties” in British politics             Farm subsidies
Parliamentary democracy
                                                 Third Way                                       European Constitution
House of Lords
                                                 Social security                                 Globalization
House of Commons
                                                  NGOs                                           Requirements for EU
British enfranchisement (history of)
                                                 Quangos                                         membership
Representation of the People Acts
                                                 Communitarianism
Unitary state
                                                 Judicial review
Centralized Unitary state
                                                 Patron-client relations
Federalism
                                                 Northern Ireland
Separation of powers
                                                 IRA
Fusion of powers
                                                 Sein Fein
Linkage Institutions
                                                 Scottish and Welsh parliaments
Devolution
                                                 New social movements
Constitutional monarchy
                                                 Public school
Head of state
                                                 Social class
Head of government
                                                 Gender gap
Prime Minister
                                                 Volatility
Margaret Thatcher
                                                 Trans-Atlanticism, Trans-Atlantic
John Major
                                                 Alliance
Tony Blair
                                                 Anglo-American relationship
Gordon Brown
                                                 War on Terror
David Cameron
                                                 Iraq War
Cabinet government
                                                 NATO
Foreign Office
                                                 Euro
Home Office / Ministry of Justice
                                                 Pound Sterling
Chancellor of Exchequer
                                                 EEC
Single-member plurality system
                                                 EC
First past the post system
                                                 Common Market
Loyal opposition
                                                 EU
Backbench dissent
                                                 Maastricht Treaty
Question time
                                                 Social Charter
No confidence vote
                                                 Opt-out clause (in Maastricht Treaty)
Checks and balances in British government
                                                 National sovereignty
British Empire
                                                 Bank of England
Free trade
                                                 EMS
Hegemonic power
                                                 ERM
British Commonwealth
                                                 Franchise
Collectivist Consensus
Welfare state
Noblesse Oblige
Keynesianism
Keynesian demand management
Macroeconomic policy
ISLAMIC REBULIC OF IRAN                  Revolutionary Guards
geographic setting                       Linkage Institutions on Iran
natural resources                        Political parties in Iran
GDP stats                                Iranian Militant Clerics Society
HDI                                      Islamic Iran Participation Front
Population                               Executives of Construction Party
Persia                                   Islamic Society of Engineers
Islam                                    OPEC
The Five Pillars of Islam                Oil Curse
Qur’an                                   Import substitution
Sharia                                   Political culture in Iran
Sunni Mulsim                             Political cleavages in Iran
Shia Muslim                              Civil society
Mosques                                  Religious minorities
People of the Book                       “Equality with Difference”
Fatwa                                    Foreign relations
Caliph                                   Nuclear program
Imam Ali                                 Anti-Americanism
Imam                                     Israeli policy
Ayatollah
Mahdi (the Hidden Imam)
Safavid Dynasty 1501-1722
Qajar Dynasty 1794-1925
European imperialism in Iran
Constitutional Revolution of 1905-1909
1906 Constitution
mellat
WWI occupation
post WWI famine
Pahlavi Dynasty 1925-1979
Colonel Reza Khan
Sha Pahlavi
WWII occupation
Sha Muhammad Pahlavi
Tudeh Party
National Front
politics of oil 1950s
1953 Coup de tat
Rentier state
Accomplishments of the Pahlavis
SAVAK
Pahlavi Foundation
Corporatism
Neo-patrimonialism
Resurgence Party
bazaars,
The White Revolution
The Islamic Revolution of 1979
J Curve Theory of Revolutions
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
Islamic fundamentalism
Islamic Republic
Hostage Crisis
Pasdaran
Hezbollahis
hojjat al-Islams
Constitution of 1979
Supreme Leader
Jurist’s guardianship
Theocracy
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
Expediency Council
Guardial Council
Assembly of Experts
Legislature: Majles
Majles elections of 2000 and 2004
Quanun
Executive: president
Presidential election 2005
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Cabinet
Bureaucracy
Judiciary
CONCEPTUAL ANALYSIS AND COUNTRY CONTEXT QUESTIONS:

1. Using a specific example for each of the five characteristics of a consolidated or established democracy, explain why the UK is classified
as this type of system.

a)


b)


c)


d)


e)


2. Using a specific example for each of the five characteristics of a consolidated or established democracy, explain why Iran is classified as
an authoritarian regime.

a)


b)


c)


d)


e)


3. Explain one current strength and one current weakness of the European Union.

a) Strength:




b) Weakness:




4. Discuss three characteristics of the Iranian political system that are, in theory, democratic.

a)


b)


c)


5. Contrast the Iranian approach to economic success, to Britain’s approach.

				
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