ArcView by wuyunqing

VIEWS: 68 PAGES: 37

									Arif Basofi, S.Kom
Outline
 Tahapan dasar membangun aplikasi GIS
 What can ArcView Do?
 ArcView Data Types
 ArcView’s GUI
 Getting Help
Tahapan Membangun Aplikasi GIS
1. Membangun Database
   Tahapan penting dan butuh waktu banyak
   Kelengkapan dan akurasi data(base) menentukan kualitas
    analisa spatial
   Mencakup:
    1.   Menentukan batas studi, isstem koordinat, layer data yg
         diperlukan, atribut
    2.   Entry data spatial
    3.   Manajemen database (data spatial  koordinat bumi)
2. Menganalisis data
   Tahapan analisa data spatial yg butuh waktu untuk ketelitian.
3. Menyajikan Hasil Analisis
   Menyajikan hasil berupa peta dan report.
Tahapan Membangun Aplikasi GIS…
What Can ArcView Do?
 Display information which resides locally or over a
  distributed network.
 Read spatial and tabular information from a variety of
  data formats.
 Use colors and symbols to represent features. For
  example, rivers can be represented as blue solid lines,
  and roads as black dashed lines.
 Use colors and symbols to represent features based on
  their attributes. For example, counties (kabupaten) can
  be shaded based on their population.
What Can ArcView Do?...
 Connect spatial information to database attributes:
    Select data spatially and retrieve database information.
    Select data from the database and see the spatial
     representation of the selected features.
 Provide analytical tools to answer spatial questions need.
Data Types used in ArcView
A. Geographic Data
 Geographic data consists of features represented by
  points, lines and polygons.
 ArcView can use:
    ArcView shape files (*.SHP)
    ARC/INFO coverages (PC or
     Unix)
    AutoCAD (*.DWG) and
     Microstation (*.DGN) CAD
     drawings
    DXF files
Data Types used in ArcView
B. Attribute Data
 ArcView can read tabular data from:
    dBASE files
    Database servers such as ORACLE, INGRES, SYBASE,
     INFORMIX etc.
    INFO tables
    Comma or tab delimited ascii files
Data Types used in ArcView
C. Image Data
 Image data includes satellite images, aerial photographs,
  and other remotely sensed or scanned data.
 Supported formats include:
    ARC/INFO GRID
    BSQ, BIL, BMP, BIP, and JPEG
    SUN raster files
    Tiff, TIFF LZW compressed, and GeoTIFF
    Erdas (.lan)
    Erdas Imagine Images (*.img)
    Image catalogs
    Run length compressed formats
Data Types used in ArcView
D. Grid Data
 Supported formats include:
    ARC/INFO GRID
    ASCII raster file format
    Binary raster file format
    USGS DEM format
    US DMA Digital Terrain Elevation Data (DTED)
ArcView GUI: ArcView Components
 Projects                            Tables
    All components associated           Rows (usually geographic locations,
     with a particular undertaking        linked by ID to theme features)
    Comprised of views, tables,         Columns describe attributes
     charts, layouts, scripts             (characteristics) of locations
 View                                Chart
    Essentially a map which you         Business graphics to display
     look at or view                      geographic and tabular data
    Contains one or more themes      Layout
 Themes                                 Graphic output/screen display of
    Layers of spatial data with          views, tables, charts
     similar characteristics (eg      Script
     streets, hydrology, capitals)       Automation feature written in
    In ARC/INFO called coverage          Avenue which allows full
     if vector, grid if raster            customization
ArcView GUI: Project (workspace)
 All components (‘documents’)
  associated with a particular                               Project
  undertaking stored in file with          output
  extension *.apr                                                   Layout
                                                                                         database
 Components dynamically updated:
  change one part, other parts updated
  accordingly.                                 Chart                         Table

                                         business
                                         graphics
                                                                    View

                                            scripts                  geographic features
                                            (provide automation,      (a map with one or more themes)
                                            special effects, etc)
ArcView GUI: Views & Themes
 A view is essentially a map which you look          GIS Framework
    at (view) on the screen (or print with
    layout).
                                                           roads
   It contains one or more themes (ARCINFO
    coverages/grids) which are layers of spatial
    data with similar characteristics eg streets,          hydrology
    hydrolgy, capitals.
   Only one view active at a time
                                                            topography
   Themes listed in ArcView Table of
    Contents which allows you to control
    themes to be viewed.
                                                  Data is organized by layers,
   Themes are added from View window             coverages or themes
    using View pull down menu.                    (synonomous concepts), each
                                                  representing a common feature.
ArcView GUI: Tables & Charts
 Contains attribute (descriptive) data.                     Area              Bar
 Can create in ArcView or access data from
    other sources (e.g via SQL).
   References to tables are stored, not data
    itself (therefore automatic update)                                       Line
                                                          Column
   Event tables contain geographic references
    and can be mapped (non-event tables can
    simply be included in layouts)
   Charts can be used to display tabular data.
                                                          Pie                 Scatter
   6 types: area, bar, column, line, pie, scatter



    Since data is stored in dBase tables and Excel can read these, it’s often as
    easy to use Excel (or similar) for graphing, especially for “one-off” charts.
ArcView GUI: Arcview Screen
ArcView GUI: Arcview Screen…



 Keterangan:
  1. menyimpan project       11. zoom to selected          21. select feature
  2. menambah theme          12. zoom in                   22. zoom in
  3. theme properties        13. zoom out                  23. zoom out
  4. edit legend             14. zoom to previous extent   24. pan
  5. open tabel theme        15. feature dengan grafik     25. measure
  6. find                    16. clear selection feature   26. hotlink
  7. location adress         17. help                      27. area of interest
  8. query                   18. indentify                 28. label
  9. zoom to full extent     19. pointer                   29. create text
  10. zoom to active theme   20.edit vertex                30. draw point
ArcView GUI: Arcview Screen…
Tampilan pada Table:
 Tabel berisi informasi deskriptif mengenai layer tertentu yang
  terdiri dari baris data (record) dan kolom (field).
 Baris data (record) mendefinisikan sebuah entry, sedangkan kolom
  (field) mendefinisikan atribut atau karakteristik dari entry.
Standard Extensions Provided with AV 3.1/3.2
File Access
 CAD file reader extension including                     military data formats
   3-D into Spatial Analyst:                                 ARC Digitized Raster Graphics (ADRG)
     AutoCAD, .DWG                                          Compressed ADRG (CADRG)
     AutoCAD binary .DXF                                    Controlled Image Base (CIB)
     Bentley MicroStation .DGN                              National Image Transfer Format (NITF)
     Intergraph/Bentley .MGE
                                                          Vector Product Format (VPF)
 Direct database access via SDE                             MGRS (Military Grid Reference System)
 ArcView R/3 Extension and Interface
                                                             Raster Product Format (RPF) (3.2)
    Download data and interact on transactional basis
                                                             DIGEST (ASRP/USRP) British and French
      with SAP/R3
                                                                military formats (3.2)
    Interact with Material Management
      and Plant Maintenance modules (3.2)                Digitizer extension
 S-57 Data Converter (3.2)                                   much improved control
    International Hydrographic Organization
 SDTS Spatial Data Transfer Standard (3.2)
                                                             Extensions must be loaded
 Image Data
    ERDAS Imagine Files                                     via menu: File-Extensions
    MrSID compressed images                                 before they can be used.
    TIFF 6.0 incl. GeoTIFF 1.0
    JPEG/JFIF public domain compressed image
Optional Extensions Available for AV 3.1/3.2
 3D Analyst                           ArcView StreetMap 2000
    3D analysis of surface data           enhanced geocoding:
    TINS, GRIDS, DEMs                     newer version of Streetmap
 Spatial Analyst                           (Nov 1994 streets)
    2D analysis of raster data        Tracking Analyst
    GRIDS, contouring
                                           realtime GPS input
 Network Analyst
                                       Internet Map Server
    network routing, etc
                                           placing maps on Internet
 Image Analyst
    Remote Sensing image analysis
                                       ArcPress for ArcView
    based on ERDAS                        printing enhancement

 Business Analyst
    suite of business tools         Optional extensions (extra $s) provide
    includes Network Analyst and    more specialized analytical
     Streetmap
                                     capabilities.
    includes demographic data
Using Extensions and Scripts in ArcView
   Obtain copy of script or extension
      Write yourself with Avenue language
      Supplied with ArcView in folder: arcview/samples/scripts or
       arcview/samples/ext
              Go to ArcView Help/Contents/Sample Scripts and Extensions for documentation
        Supplied free by ESRI or users and available on ESRI web site at:
         http://gis.esri.com/arcscripts/scripts.cfm (also includes extensions)
              or go to www.esri.com and click Support/Downloads/ArcScripts
              Be sure to print or download documentation/description
   To load and use an extension
      Place .avx file in arcview/ext32 folder
      Open ArcView, choose menuf: File - extensions, place tick/check next to name,
         click OK
   To load and use a script
     In Project window, select Script and click new button to open script window
     Use Script/load text file to load code from existing text file containing avenue code (.ave)
         e.g. \av_gis30\arcview\samples\scripts\calcapl.ave   will calculate areas, perimeters, lengths
     Click the “check mark” icon to compile the code.
     Take steps within ArcView as appropriate for specific script
         e.g. Open a View and be sure the theme you want processed is active.
     Click on script window then click the “Runner" icon to run script.
 Getting Help
 The help button brings up a help menu.
 When using the main help index, click on
  the areas for which you need help.
 When using search, type in a topic name,
  scroll through the lists, then double click
  on the desired area.
 To find a listing of frequently asked questions
  (FAQ), search for ’questions’. The index is
  also helpful to look for keywords.
 Other Source of Help
 Personal Contact
     Ask your neighbors
         The best method of getting help is to ask other users around you. Inversely, the best way to
          improve your knowledge of how to do something is to explain it to someone else.
 Listservs and Email Addresses
    GIS-L
        GIS-L is an international listserv maintained by the Urban and Regional Information Systems
          Association (URISA) that deals with a myriad of topics related to GIS.
        To subscribe to GIS-L send email to ‘listserver@urisa.org’ with no subject and the message
          ‘subscribe GIS-L [your name]’.
    ESRI-L
        ESRI-L is one of ESRI’s two popular listservs and deals with all ESRI products. It can be a great
          source of information.
        You can subscribe to ESRI-L by sending email to ‘esri-lrequest@ esri.com’ with no subject and the
          message ‘subscribe’.
    ARCVIEW-L
        ARCVIEW-L is the 2nd of ESRI’s popular listservs. As you can tell from the name, this listserv
          exists to discuss only ArcView.
        A great deal of Avenue discussion also occurs on this list.

        To subscribe, send email to ‘arcview-lrequest@ esri.com’ with no subject and the message
          ‘subscribe’.
Installation ArcView 3.3
1. Masukkan CD instalasi ArcView 3.x kedalam CD/DVD-
   ROM, atau cari lokasi master ArcView 3.x
2. Kemudian muncul otomatis tampilan berikut, lalu klik
   Install ArcView 3.3.
Installation ArcView 3.3…
3. Proses awal instalasi sedang berjalan…
Installation ArcView 3.3…
4. Klik Next
Installation ArcView 3.3…
5. Klik Yes
Installation ArcView 3.3…
6. Klik Next
Installation ArcView 3.3…
7. Klik Next
Installation ArcView 3.3…
8. Klik Next
Installation ArcView 3.3…
9. Klik Install
Installation ArcView 3.3…
10. Proses install sedang berjalan…
Installation ArcView 3.3…
11. Klik OK.
Installation ArcView 3.3…
12. Klik Finish.
Mulai ArcView 3.3
1. Klik Start > All Programs > ESRI > ArcView GIS 3.3.
Mulai ArcView 3.3
2. Selanjutnya muncul tampilan entry registration number.




3. Lengkapi kotak isian seperti berikut , kemudian klik OK.
Mulai ArcView 3.3
4. Tampilan awal program ArcView 3.3.
              …S..E..L..E..S..A..I…
 Silahkan Dicoba !

								
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