Haiti earthquake by sdfgsg234


									Haiti earthquake
One year on
  Impact of the earthquake

  Devastation caused by the earthquake. Photo:REUTERS/Eduardo Munoz, courtesy of www.alertnet.org

Twelve months ago, at 4.53pm, a powerful                        equivalent to the entire population of Birmingham,
earthquake struck the Caribbean nation of Haiti.                UK or the American city of Los Angeles.
On January 12, 2010, over 200,000 people died
and 1.5 million were made homeless.The tremor,                  Over the past year, Haitians have endured cholera
measuring 7.0 on the Richter scale, destroyed                   and monsoon rains as well as violence in the
everything from schools and hospitals to                        aftermath of the presidential elections. Already
government buildings and the presidential palace.               the poorest country in the Western hemisphere,
                                                                Haiti had previously witnessed several floods and
The earthquake affected 3.8 million people- that is             hurricanes in recent years.

 Islamic Relief’s work so far

 Haitian women employed by Islamic Relief to clear rubble

After setting up the first organised camp for                   In the immediate aftermath of the earthquake,
displaced people eleven days after the earthquake,              Islamic Relief provided regular food to camp
Islamic Relief continued to provide support                     residents. As well as taking care of many of their
to thousands of survivors. Since then, we have                  immediate needs, we are also helping local people
founded another two camps, housing a total of                   to rebuild their lives and communities. Over the
over 5,000 people. People in our camps receive                  last twelve months, we have provided 1,820 job
regular drinking water, access to washing areas and             opportunities to residents and we have trained
clean toilets.                                                  over 180 people in IT skills. By equipping people
                                                                with the skills and opportunities to earn a living,
Each of the three camps has its own committee,                  Islamic Relief aims to enable people to support
which organises the community and coordinates                   themselves once more.
with Islamic Relief, providing regular feedback on
the changing needs of the residents.

 Children and education

 Pupils of Pierre Labitre Municipal School, Port-au-Prince, were forced to study under tarpaulin sheeting during the hurricane season

Children suffered heavily in the earthquake. Of                       4,000 schools were damaged or destroyed in the
the 3.8 million people affected, 1.5 million were                     earthquake, including 80% of the schools in Port-
children. Even before the disaster stuck, 58% of                      au-Prince. Islamic Relief aims to ensure that the
Haitian children were undernourished. After the                       pupils’ families also benefit from their education, by
12 January, 302,000 children were forced to leave                     equipping the children with the skills and schooling
their homes and live in camps.                                        they need to enter into higher education and, later
                                                                      on, secure jobs.

 Children and education

 Pierre Labitre Municipal School after being rehabilitated and reopened in November 2010

In November, Islamic Relief staff and local pupils                     months, enduring heavy rains and extreme heat.
celebrated the reopening of three primary schools                      Now, the 2,500 students are able to focus in the
which Islamic Relief had rehabilitated. Children                       classroom once more.
at these schools had been studying outdoors for

 Islamic Relief staff distribute school supplies to children at Pierre Labitre Municipal School

  Children and education

  Medor’s school after being repaired

“The building is completely renovated”
Medor Marie Yolande is a primary school teacher               “When the classes were outdoors, passers-by
at Application De Damien school in Port-au-Prince.            often disrupted my classes. Neither student
                                                              nor teacher was able to focus. The students
“I teach Maths, French, Social Sciences and Creole,”          were really happy with the repair. The building is
explained Medor. Her school was badly damaged                 completely renovated.”
in the earthquake and she was forced to teach her
students under plastic sheeting.                              Medor said,“I told my students that if it weren’t for
                                                              Islamic Relief’s support, we might have spent the
“We used to work in the school yard in tents. At              entire year in tents, enduring hurricanes, extreme
about 10.30 in the morning, the sun would become              heat and all kinds of weather.”
unbearable for the students and for me. We also
used to have to fit four or five students to a bench          Medor sent a message to everyone who has
which is meant to seat three.”                                supported Haitians through Islamic Relief, “Thank
                                                              you for the work you do in Haiti and I hope God
Medor’s students also found it difficult to concentrate       gives you the strength and courage to continue.”
because of the noise from the nearby traffic.

  Children and education

  Amanda (lower centre) and Maturin (lower left) with their classmates

Amanda, 10, and Maturin, 13, are friends. They                     Maturin described how school life was after the
were studying at Pierre Labitre School when the                    building was severely damaged.
earthquake struck.
                                                                   “After the earthquake we had to study outside in
“I was studying on the top floor of my school                      a tent for classes. It gets very hot in daytime and
when the earthquake began to shake the building,”                  I would become very thirsty; I didn’t enjoy sitting
explained Amanda, I fell over and hurt my legs, and                and studying under that tent. But now our school
my mother, who was at home also hurt her legs.”                    has been rebuilt. It is colourful and nice. I want to
Amanda’s cousin was also at school when the                        continue and study and become a nurse. I’d like
tremor struck, “Unfortunately one of my cousins                    to thank Islamic Relief because they repaired our
died in the earthquake.”                                           school and even gave us exercise books too.”

  Impact of the earthquake

  Vendors begin to reopen their shops in downtown Port-au-Prince, March 2010

Economic impact
In 2009, Haiti’s resources and products (GDP)
                                                                         200,000 people dead
was estimated to be worth $6.5bn. But since the
earthquake, this has reduced to just $2.3bn.

The earthquake caused $7.8bn of damage                              1.5 million people homeless
and losses on an island which, even before the
tremor, relied four times as much on imports as
it did exports. Devastated infrastructure has made
importation and distribution of essentials such as                         300,000 homes
food and building materials extremely difficult for
the local community.                                                    damaged or destroyed

                                                                           1,300 schools and
                                                                          universities collapsed


 Parc Sainte Claire camp, Port-au-Prince, set up by Islamic Relief 11 days after the earthquake

Each disaster is unique and requires a distinct                      Living in camps
approach to help those affected to repair the
damage.The earthquake in Haiti caused staggering                     Although much has been achieved since the
damage to the nation’s infrastructure, crippling                     earthquake struck, millions of people are still living
government buildings as well as the offices of aid                   in camps across the capital.
agencies already established in the country. This
was followed by tens of aftershocks for weeks                        More than half a million people have left their camps
after the initial tremor, as well as heavy monsoon                   in Port-au-Prince, and most have returned to their
rains, flooding and a hurricane.                                     original community. However there are still about
                                                                     one million people without a permanent home.
                                                                     Since August, Islamic Relief has built 250 temporary
                                                                     shelters.These provide people whose houses were
                                                                     destroyed with a durable, weatherproof home to
                                                                     live in until a permanent structure can be built.


  A shelter where one family was living before receiving a transitional shelter from Islamic Relief

Although Islamic Relief aims to ensure conditions                      shelters, Islamic Relief is targeting specific
in our camps are as comfortable as possible, we                        communities and working with them to provide
are dedicated to providing a route out of these                        employment and training so that they may be able
camps.This plan is hindered by several factors:                        to earn money to repair or rebuild their homes.

• There is little land available on which to build
• Some people rely so heavily on the aid provided
  in the camps that they cannot afford to leave if
  their land is far away from an aid agency’s project
• A number of earthquake survivors used to rent
  their houses and do not own the land on which
  they were living.

Aid agencies cannot rebuild whole cities or national
                                                                         Constructing transitional shelters
economies, so in addition to building temporary


  Distributing hygiene kits to prevent the spread of cholera

Cholera outbreak                                                    Twelve water tankers have been set-up, six for
                                                                    drinking and six for washing, and each is clearly
Nearly 3,000 people have died in Haiti as a result                  marked and separated from the others.
of the cholera outbreak. Over 130,000 people
have now been diagnosed with the disease, with                      Islamic Relief has also conducted training on good
more than 30,000 cases in and around the capital,                   hygiene practices and distributed hygiene kits to
Port-au-Prince.                                                     all residents of the three camps in Port-au-Prince.
                                                                    These hygiene kits include detergents and soap,
                                                                    toothbrushes and toothpaste, toilet paper, towels,
Combating cholera                                                   a washing basin.

Cholera is spread when people drink water that                      Each of the camps that is coordinated by Islamic
has been contaminated by someone who has                            Relief has showers, toilets and clothes washing
already contracted the disease. To help combat                      areas. There are also extensive water channels
the spread of cholera, Islamic Relief is continuing                 to combat flooding in the camps, which can help
to supply clean water to residents of our three                     prevent the spread of all waterborne diseases.
camps. 25,500 litres of clean drinking water are
being distributed on a daily basis.

  Stories from the earthquake

Jean Paul works and lives in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
Here he recounts his experience over past year,
since the devastating 7.0 earthquake hit the
Caribbean country.

During the earthquake I was in the middle of
teaching class at school. That was the first time I
ever felt the ground shake beneath me and it was a
terrifying moment for everyone. As we all ran out
of the building all I was able to hear was everyone
shouting “God!” and “Jesus”.

The school was next to a hospital and I just went
outside and collapsed to the ground.

When I came round I saw nurses, doctors and
patients in the street, shocked at what they were
seeing. One woman was giving birth to twins as
the earthquake happened and she came out of the
hospital holding one baby, the father holding the
other, but they were still attached to her.They hadn’t        “They hadn’t even had
even had the chance to cut the umbilical cord.
                                                              the chance to cut the
I was on my way to another hospital, taking some              umbilical cord.”
survivors to get treatment, when I saw a schoolgirl
who had broken both her arms. There was no
space in the hospital for her so she hung out in
front of the hospital.Three days later she died from
a combination of thirst, hunger and suffering – she
                                                              “Three days later
had no money and nobody to help her.                          she died from a
                                                              combination of thirst,
I lost my job in the earthquake but thankfully I
am better off than most as I found a job working              hunger and suffering.”
for Islamic Relief ever since the day they started
operating in the country. Initially I thought that
they would just be working here for a week or
month, but one year has passed and they are still
here, determined to reach the most vulnerable. But
life is still a struggle because so many of my family
members and friends depend on my support.

  Stories from the earthquake

Jean Baptiste was on his way back home after
teaching a class when the earthquake struck. Here
he shares his experience.

I left to go to play basketball with my friends and
as we were in the middle of our game the earth
suddenly began to shake. Everything was moving
back and forth, we tried to cling to one another
and we were all just shouting “Jesus” over and over
again. It was terrible.

I looked all around and in one glance I could see
that the houses had just collapsed. I had to find
out what happened to my children so I ran home
like a greyhound, shouting “Bondye pitit mwen yo
mouri” hoping to God that my children hadn’t
died. I got home and the house had collapsed but,
thank God, my children were still alive. That was
the worst experience of my life, ever since that
moment I’ve felt downtrodden and my heart beats
like a drum every time I hear a sudden noise.                “I got home and the
Five months ago I started working as an assistant            house had collapsed but,
for Islamic Relief’s shelter programme, helping to           thank God, my children
carry out assessments and organising the building
of shelters for earthquake survivors.
                                                             were still alive.”

Historically, Haitians mark the Christmas quite
differently to foreign countries. We stay awake
all night, children play in the streets because their        “ I still hope that there
parents let them stay up. Some people go to the
church; others go to the cinema or invite people             can be change for
to their homes. This year, Christmas was just                tomorrow.”
celebrated in tents. While passing by, you could
see some earthquake survivors had decorated
their tents most wonderfully with Christmas
trees and lights.

So when I see all the kindness that God has blessed
us with, I find good reason to keep living and still
hope that there can be change for tomorrow and
one day we Haiti will be able to celebrate the
season properly again.

 Plans for the future

 Young girls at Islamic Relief’s Parc Sainte Claire camp, Port-au-Prince

Islamic Relief’s current projects are aimed at                         After repairing two badly damaged schools, Islamic
improving the levels of sanitation in our camps.                       Relief is now concentrating on rebuilding a school
During the next stage of our programme in                              that was completely destroyed in the earthquake.
Haiti, we will be continuing to focus on Cholera
prevention, hygiene and rehabilitation projects.                       Islamic Relief would like to thank you all for your
                                                                       generous and consistent support.
Over the next few months, we will be constructing
temporary shelters for families whose homes                            Please continue to donate so that we can keep
were destroyed and continuing our livelihood                           working to help the people of Haiti.
projects which provide our camp residents with
jobs so that they can begin to support themselves                      islamic-relief.com/donations
once again.

How many people have been helped so far?

                                            Number of
Type of assistance
                                          people reached

Emergency shelter                              4,700

Water and food                                 6,000

Plastic sheeting and jerrycan                  1,600

Household and kitchen items                    7,200

Hygiene kits                                   5,700

Rubbish collection                             5,700

Washing facilities                             5,700

Provision of jobs - rubble clearance           1,820

Vocational training                             180

Transitional family shelter                    1,320

Cholera prevention – hygiene
kits, regular clean water, hygiene             5,000
promotion and workshops

School repair and rehabilitation           2,500 children

          Islamic Relief Worldwide
19 Rea St South, Digbeth, Birmingham B5 6LB
              United Kingdom

          Tel: +44 121 605 5555
          Fax: +44 121 622 5003
       Email: hq@irworldwide.org
      Registered Charity No. 328158


                                              Cover image: 28-year-old Carl Bazil was forced to leave his home with his wife
                                              and 3-year-old son.They are living in Islamic Relief’s Parc Sainte Claire camp.

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