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									Course: 131

Text 1:

Universal Studios Hollywood — a place for fun, entertainment, and even history — is taking its first
steps in a 25-year plan to expand the park. The new outline envisions an incredible growth of the
amusement facilities as well as the development of a residential neighborhood in the area. This
environmentally friendly living area is just another feather in the cap of this amazing park of wonder.
Originally known as Universal City, Universal Studios Hollywood was founded in 1915 by Carl
Laemmle. It was the first studio to offer tours where audiences could watch films in production. Since
then, Universal Studios has grown to include theme parks, restaurants, hotels, shopping malls, and
much more. This park proved to be so popular that Universal Studios Florida opened in 1990, and last
year, Universal Studios Japan (Osaka) celebrated its fifth birthday.
With so much past success from growth, it's no wonder that Universal is excited about its latest plans
for expansion. Previous plans were scrapped due to complex zoning and environmental regulations.
Now, they are ready to move ahead in full force.
While many new attractions are in the works for the new expansion, Universal will preserve some of
its old attractions, such as the Bates Mansion from the film Psycho and the mechanical shark from
Jaws. These attractions offer a historical perspective of the film industry. Preserving them illustrates
the advance in film production techniques over the years. In addition to safeguarding the past, plenty
of new high-tech soundstages, rides, and theaters are in the works. In May, Citywalk, a shopping,
dining, and entertainment facility, began remodeling. Spring also saw the opening of SkyVenture
Hollywood, an attraction where visitors can float 40 feet into the air on 125 mph winds. Not bad for a
studio once called, "The strangest place on Earth."

1. As a result of the popularity of Universal Studios, ______.
     A.Other parks and facilities were opened
     B. homeowners lost their property rights
     C. neighborhoods in the area were flattened
2. Universal Studios are conducting a …….-year plan to develop its park
     B. 15
     C. 25
3. According to the article, why will older attractions remain?
     A.They're too costly to replace.
     B. They provide insight into the development of the film industry
     C. They represent the destruction of historic landmarks.
4. What is likely to occur because of the expansion of the park?
    A. The movie industry will improve its contents.
    B. More tourists will be drawn to the area.
    C. Universal Studios will pass out more tour packages.
5. City Walk will begin remodeling in
        A) April
        B) May
        C) June

6. Universal Studios Florida opened in
       A) 1919
       B) 1989
       C) 1990
7. Last year, Universal Studios Japan (Osaka) celebrated its
       A) second birthday
       B) third birthday
       C) fifth birthday

8. Universal Studios Hollywood is considered
       A) the funniest place on earth
       B) the most exciting place on earth
       C) the strangest place on earth

9. In Sky Venture, visitors float into
       A) the air
       B) the water
       C) the land

10. The Bates Mansion and the mechanical shark are examples of
       A) old attractions
       B) new attractions
       C) unknown attractions

11. Universal Studios Hollywood was founded in
       A) 1914
       B) 1924

12. Another name for Universal Studios is
        A) universal city
        B)universal town
        C) universal village

13. Universal Studios arranges tours where audiences can
       A) sign autographs from famous actors and actresses
       B) watch films in production
       C) practice some exciting recreational activities

14. From the comprehension passage, you can understand that Universal studios is
       A) just a film-production company
       B) an immense entertainment company
       C) just interested in opening new branches around the world

15. For the time being, Universal Studios is
       A) developing some amusement facilities
       B) developing some amusement facilities as well as a residential neighborhood
       C) in a dire need for funding its new projects

Text 2 :

Computer, perhaps the most creative and powerful invention in the humankind's history, was invented
in 1946 in the United States. As soon as the computer was created the whole world had to confront
and try to overcome a new challenge-computer crime. The first computer crime case spotted was in
October, 1966 in the United States too. A computer engineer was found guilty of embezzlement
through manipulating programs of a bank's computer system. The first abuse of computer usage
recorded happened in 1958. At the same time, many scholars argued that computer crime began in
1940's which should be in company with the creation of the earliest computer. Therefore we may draw
the conclusion that the computer crime has a history of more than 50 years up to now.

The rapid growth of computer crime started in 1970's, especially in some High-Tech industrial area.
For instance the Silicon Valley has ever suffered a computer crime increase of 400 per cent per year.
And the physical loss is almost uncountable, every year billions of dollars was stolen, embezzled….
solely in a single country of the United States. I may tell you that a computer crime had already taken
place in England during the several seconds as you started reading the article. With the development
of computer technology and application, the computer crime is becoming into a problem which
involves and has influences on nearly every aspect of our modern society. Political, economical,
cultural, military aspects of our society have changed rapidly and sharply, due to the influence of
computer crime.
Confronted with such a serious challenge, we have no choice but to confront it with patience and
confidence, overcoming and even preventing problems in such an extensive area of computer crime
step by step. The first problem to resolve is the definition of computer crime. From various
perspectives of the computer crime, many definitions were provided by different individuals,
organizations, countries, and by the United Nations through United Nations Manual on the prevention
and control of computer-related crime. The definition of computer crime, in a certain sense, is flexible,
depending on whom you speak to, the definition can encompass anything from those activities which
would require a system programmer's skills to perpetrate right through to any activity in which a
computer is somehow involved.

  1. The invention of computer occurred in the year
      A. 1946
      B. 1964
      C. 1950
  2. The country that witnessed the invention of computer is
      A. England
      B. France
      C. the United States
  3. the challenge that was associated with the computer invention was
      A. learning how to use the computer
      B. designing software programs for the computer
      C. fighting and overcoming computer crimes
  4. The first computer crime case happened in
      A. August, 1966
      B. September, 1966
      C. October, 1966

   5. In the first computer crime,
      A. a hospital's medical files were manipulated
      B. a police station's reports were stolen
      C. A bank's computer system was violated

6. Who was found guilty in the first computer crime case?
    A. a computer engineer
    B. a computer programmer
    C. a computer technician
7. According to the passage, the computer crime is a problem that has its influence on
    A. some aspects of life
    B. all aspects of life
    C. a few aspects of life
8. According to many scholars, the earliest computer crimes began
    A. before the invention of computer
    B. with the invention of computer
    C. after the invention of computer
9. The only choice to confront computer crimes is with
    A. patience
    B. patience and confidence
    C. confidence and stubbornness
10. It is advisable to fight computer crimes
    A. fast
    B. slowly
    C. gradually
11. One of the major problems related to computer crime is
    A. the problem of definition
    B. the problem of timing
    C. the problem of technicality
12. The definition of computer crime is
    A. clear-cut
    B. not very much specific
    C. loaded with unnecessary details
13. The definition of computer crime was made by
    A. the same individuals and organizations
    B. different individuals and organizations
    C. unprofessional individuals and organizations
14. You understand from the passage that
    A. there is a need for a new definition of computer crime
    B. there is no need for a new definition of computer crime
    C. the definition of computer crime is of no importance
15. According to the passage, computer crime
    A. is strongly related to the advancement of technology
    B. is a usual type of crimes
    C. has received more attention than it should.

Course: 131
     Text 3:
A good memory is an asset and it comes with practice. Lack of attention is a major cause of poor
memory. When we are asleep and dreaming, we rarely remember the dream. Why? Because in sleep
we are not conscious of the happenings outside, therefore no memory is formed. We only have a
memory of what we experience in the conscious state. Logically it follows therefore that if we can
practice to remain alert and aware in everything that we do, we can gradually improve our memory-
retaining capacity.
And for this we need to chastise our unconscious mind. The unconscious mind is like a computer – it
needs careful programming. If thoughts of fear, worry and failure are constantly channeled into the
unconscious mind, nothing very creative or constructive is going to be sent back. But if you
steadfastly hold a clear, purposeful goal in the conscious mind, the unconscious will eventually accept
it and begin to supply the conscious mind with plans, ideas, insights, and the energies to achieve that
goal. Clarity of purpose and intensity of desire are indispensable.
Though we may find it difficult to accept, the fact is that most of us constantly and unconsciously
short-circuit ourselves with alibis like, ―I am not really good at this‖, ―I know I am stupid‖ and ―I
can’t.‖ Replace these self-limiting thoughts with self-assuring thoughts like, ―I can if I think I can‖ or
―if I have made mistakes, even serious ones, there is always another chance to improve.‖ This will
help you to persevere and focus. Just remain aware.
A very practical way of remaining aware is to try and be as involved as you can in every small activity
of your life. When you eat, when you drink, when you are taking a bath or tying the lace of your shoes,
do so with utmost care and love. Consciously put your keys on the top of the fridge, under the centre
table of your drawing room, and see whether you remember? With a little practice, you will find that
you are much less forgetful now. The more intensely attentive you are, the more your life will start
changing. It will happen on its own accord; it will be a natural growth, spontaneous.
Remember, process is more important than results. Repetition of a positive thought as well as any
activity creates a new channel in the brain, starting to give us fresh energy. But when we emphasize
results rather than the process by which knowledge in awareness is acquired, our action loses that
intensity of involvement of which the results are a natural consequence. Then we deprive ourselves of
the joy of growth and actually reduce our rate of learning.
1. Memory improves with
A) time
B) practice
C) learning
2. What is a major cause of poor memory?
A) attention
B) lack of attention
C) brain damage accidents
3. According to the passage, we
A) always remember our dreams
B) never remember our dreams
C) rarely remember our dreams
4. In sleep, memory is
A) very strong
B) very weak
C) not there

5. We only have memory of
A) what we experience in the conscious state
B) what we experience in the subconscious state
C) what we experience many times whether consciously or subconsciously.
6. What is a key factor in improving our memory-retaining capacity?
A) awareness
B) sensation
C) repetition

7. The subconscious mind is just like
A) a library
B) photocopier
C) a computer
8. Thoughts of fear and worry are
A) good for creativity
B) bad for creativity
C) of no use to creativity
9. The passage stresses the idea that to improve memory, we should have
A) a far-reaching purpose
B) a clear purpose
C) no specific purpose
10. Most of us have
A) positive ideas about ourselves and abilities
B) negative ideas about ourselves and abilities
C) neutral ideas about ourselves and abilities
11. Self-assuring thoughts greatly assist
A) concentration
B) distraction
C) recalling
12. To remain aware, it is important to
A) stay away from distracting elements
B) detach yourself from every small activity of your life
C) get yourself involved in every thing you do
13. The speaker advises us to do every thing with
A) a great deal of love and care
B) the least degree of love and care
C) some love and care we can manage
14. The speaker concludes that
A) process is more important than results
B) process is less important than result
C) process is as important as results
15. When results are emphasized rather than process,
A) the rate of learning increases
B) the rate of learning decreases
C) the rate of learning stays the same.

Text 4 :
Filmmaking is the process of making a film, from an initial story idea or commission through
scriptwriting, shooting, editing and finally distribution to an audience. Typically the number of people
involved in the filmmaking process is immense, and it can take anywhere between a few months and
several years to complete. Filmmaking takes place all over the world in a huge range of economic,
social and political contexts, using a variety of technologies and techniques.
Today, I am going to take briefly about stages of the filmmaking process. The whole things goes like
this: the producer of the movie will find a story, which may come from books, plays, other films, true
stories, original ideas, etc. Once the theme, or underlying message, has been identified, a synopsis will
be prepared. This is followed by a step outline, which breaks the story down into one-paragraph
scenes, concentrating on the dramatic structure. Next, a treatment is prepared. This is a 25 to 30 page

description of the story, its mood and characters, with little dialog and stage direction, often
containing drawings to help visualize the key points.
The screenplay is then written over a period of several months, and may be rewritten several times to
improve the dramatization, clarity, structure, characters, dialogue, and overall style. However,
producers often skip the previous steps and develop submitted screenplays which are assessed through
a process called script coverage. A film distributor should be contacted at an early stage to assess the
likely market and potential financial success of the film. Hollywood distributors will adopt a hard-
headed business approach and consider factors such as the film genre, the target audience, the
historical success of similar films, the actors who might appear in the film and the potential directors
of the film. All these factors imply a certain appeal of the film to a possible audience and hence the
number of ―bums on seats‖ during the theatrical release. Films rarely make a profit from the theatrical
release alone, therefore DVD sales and worldwide distribution rights need to be taken into account.
The movie pitch is then prepared and presented to potential financiers. If the pitch is successful and
the movie is given the ―green light‖, then financial backing is offered, typically from a major film
studio, film council or independent investors. A deal is negotiated and contracts are signed.

           1. The filmmaking process is a

           A) one-stage process
           B) two-stage process
           C) multi-stage process

           2. Filmmaking involves a

           A) small number of people
           B) large number of people
           C) no people at all

           3.   The time needed for the filmmaking process to complete ranges from
           A)   a few days to several weeks
           B)   a few weeks to several months
           C)   a few months to several years

           4.   Who finds the story for the movie?
           A)   the film director
           B)   the film producer
           C)   the film actors and actresses

           5.   The story of a movie comes from
           A)   books
           B)   original stories
           C)   many sources

           6.   The screenplay is written
           A)   once
           B)   twice
           C)   several times

7.   Script coverage is the process of
A)   writing a screenplay
B)   assessing a submitted screenplay
C)   changing a written screenplay

8.   A film distributor should be contacted
A)   while the filmmaking process is still in progress
B)   before the filmmaking process starts
C)   after the filmmaking process is over

9.   It is important for film distributors to
A)   develop their own target audience
B)   consider the target audience
C)   totally neglect the target audience

10. DVD sales and worldwide distribution rights
A) are an important source for making profit for film makers
B) should be given to the public for free
C) play a marginal role in the film profits

11. Films make profits from the theoretical release alone
A) always
B) never
C) rarely

12. If the movie pitch is successful,
A) the film is distributed worldwide
B) the film is shown locally
C) the film is given financial support

13. A synopsis is prepared
A. before the theme is identified
B. once the theme is identified
C. once the director accepts the story

14. What is the significance of a step outline?
A. it puts the story in a publishable format
B. it helps actors and actresses in the dialogue memorization
C. it breaks down the story into scenes

15. What you understand from the passage is that
A. filmmaking is an easy job to handle
B. filmmaking is a difficult job to handle
C. filmmaking a complicated and time-consuming process.

Course: 131

Text 5
Eye behavior seems to be of particular importance and is generally used to indicate whether one is
open to communication. This can be observed when a teacher asks the class a question: students who
think they know the answer will generally look the teacher, while students who do not will usually try
to avoid eye contact. Visual contact with the instructor appears related to student's comprehension.
Jecker, Maccoby, and Breitrose isolated visual cues given by students which seemed associated with
comprehension of lecture content and reported that teachers trained to recognize such cues became
more accurate in their judgment of student comprehension that did untrained teachers.

The results of a study by Breed, Christiansen, and Larson suggest that visual contact with the
instructor increases attentiveness, which in turn makes for better grades. Students in group who were
looked at almost continuously by lecturer received higher quiz scores. Exline (1971) reports that, in
responses to a questionnaire, college students said they thought that they would be more comfortable
with another who, when speaking, listening, and sharing mutual silence, looked at them 50% of time
as opposed to 100% of the time or not at all. I believe that only very self-confident, knowledgeable
and attentive students will prefer 100% of eye contact time. Nobody is in this mood all the time and
many are never. On the other hand 0% of time of eye contact would mean that speaker has great deal
of trouble with self-confidence, knowledge or care for students.
This explains this result of 50% and it is the valuable information for teacher.

Eye contact is often used to control an interpersonal interaction. When people do not wish to be
interrupted, they will often glance away and continue talking. When they wish the other person to
speak, they will pause, making direct eye contact. Teachers often use eye contact in the classroom to
decide who is prepared to answer a question, or who was completed a homework assignment. One
interesting information to be aware of: Eye contact is often used as an indicant of whether or not a
person is laying. The stereotype is that a dishonest person will not look you in the eye.

Many teachers who suspect a student is cheating on a test may, in the absence of other evidence,
decide a student is lying because the student fails to look them in the eye when answering a direct
question about the test. Unfortunately, there seems to be little validity to this theory. Research has
actually found the reverse to be true-people who are lying are more likely to look the other person
directly the eye, probably as a conscious response to the stereotype.

Teachers can have individual eye contact with every student in the classroom through eye contact.
Attitudes of intimacy, aloofness, concern, or indifference can be inferred by the way a teacher looks or
avoids looking at a student.


1. The listening passage is about
a) eye contact among people in life
b) eye contact in the classroom
c) eye contact in business situations

2. Eye contact is better observed when
a) the teacher asks a question
b) the teacher grades the papers
c) the teacher gives a test

3. Who avoids eye contact with the instructor?
a) the students who know answers to questions asked by the instructor
b) the students who do not know answers to questions asked by the instructor
c) the highly motivated students

4. The teachers trained to recognize visual cues are
a) less accurate in their judgment of student comprehension
b) more accurate in their judgment of student comprehension
c) totally unaware of student comprehension

5. Jecker, Maccoby and Breintose studied
a) the relation between visual cues and content comprehension
b) the relation between class time and content comprehension
c) the relation between visual cues and answering questions

6. College students feel more comfortable with the teacher who
a) looks at them 50 % of the time while speaking
b) looks at them 100% of the time while speaking
c) never looks at them while speaking

7. Visual contact with the instructor ………….. the level of attentativeness
a) increases
b) decreases
c) does not affect

8. The students who prefer 100% of eye contact time are the ones who
a) are attentive only
b) knowledgeable and attentive
c) self-confident, knowledgeable and attentive

9. 0% of eye contact time on the part of the instructor would mean that:
a) the instructor doesn't care for the students
b) the instructor doesn't have knowledge or care for the students
c) the instructor is busy providing information

10. Eye contact is often used to:
a) support the message being conveyed
b) check for the understanding of a message
c) control interpersonal interaction

11. When people don't want to be interrupted, they
a) they look away from the addressee and keep on talking
b) they stare at the addressee
c) they just close their eyes

12. Eye contact is an indication of
a) honesty
b) self-confidence
c) determination

13. To oppose the stereotype, a student that is cheating…….
a) will look directly into the teacher's eyes
b) will look indirectly into the teacher's eyes
c) will try to hide from the teacher

14. Eye contact is …………….. in the issue of cheating
a) effective
b) ineffective
c) irrelevant

15. Through eye contact, teachers can
a) convey important messages to students
b) threaten students for the sake of classroom management
c) decide on what the students don't understand in a lesson

Text 6 :
There are three types of rays that the sun emits: visible, infrared and ultraviolet (UV). Generally,
without added technology, our eyes can see only portions of visible light. But the most dangerous of
these rays, that can cause eye damage, are the UV rays. Continuous over-exposure to bright sunlight
can damage the eye including the cornea, lens and retina. If the damage to the eye is excessive it can
lead to cataracts, or clouding of the lens, or macular degeneration, a breakdown of the macula.
By becoming more educated about the harmful effects of UV rays on the eyes, you will be better able
to choose quality sunglasses that are capable of providing lasting protection to you from the
irreversible damage to your vision that can result from prolonged exposure to the sun.
Prescription sunglasses are specially designed for people who need vision correction to see clearly
while also providing protection from the sun's rays. Many sunglass companies now make stylist,
fashion-conscious sunglasses that also require a prescription.
Prescription sunglasses are designed to protect the user from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun.
However, polarized lens can provide added protection for the eyes from glare that occurs when light is
reflected off flat surfaces such as water or snow. Another great choice is photo-chromatic sunglasses
because they have the ability to darken in the sun yet lighten automatically when you go indoors.
Until recently prescription sunglasses were not available in a wrap-around style. The curvature of the
lens would cause vision distortion. Now with new technology, prescription sunglasses are available
with wrap-around making them very fashionably.
If you require custom-made prescription sunglasses, be aware that they will cost you more and usually
no refund is available from the manufacturer. Make sure you work with a reputable company that
offers quality prescription sunglasses and first class service.

1. The passage is about
a) the harmful effects of the sun
b) eye problems caused by the sun
c) the harmful effects of the sun and prescription sunglasses
2. The sun emits:
a) 2 types of rays
b) 3 types of rays
c) 4 types of rays
3. Without technology our eyes can only see
a) infrared and visible rays
b) visible rays only
c) visible and UV rays
4. UV rays are
a) the most dangerous type of the sun rays
b) the most common type of the sun rays
c) the sun's most harmless rays
5. Continuous exposure to bright sunlight can
a) cure the eye
b) damage the eye
c) make the eye close
6. When you learn about the harmful effects of the sun rays,
a) you become better able to avoid it
b) you can design your own sunglasses
c) you become better able to choose quality protection sunglasses
7. Prescription sunglasses are specially designed for
a) people who have eye problems
b) people who have eye allergy
c) people who need error correction
8. Prescription sunglasses protect the eyes from
a) dust
b) impurities in the air
c) ultraviolet rays
9. Glare occurs when
a) light is reflected off flat surfaces
b) light is reflected off sunglasses
c) the eye is exposed to bright sunlight
10. Polarized lens ……….
a) are too costly to afford
b) are not available in Arab countries
c) add more protection to the eye
11. Photo-chromatic sunglasses ………………..
a) whiten in the sun but darken indoors
b) darken in the sun but whiten indoors
c) whiten both in the sun and indoors
12. In the past, the curvature of sunglass lens would cause
a) vision loss
b) vision weakness
c) vision distortion
13. With the advancement of technology, prescription sunglasses are now:
a) fashionable
b) costly
c) available
14. Custom-made prescription glasses are
 a) fashionable
b) costly
c) available
15. Manufacturers of custom-made prescription sunglasses…………
a) have a refund policy
b) don't have a refund policy
c) are highly reputable

Course 134: Cause and Effect
Midterm 1:
Circle the correct answer:
1- To 'recur' means:
    A) to happen again
    B) to happen once
    C) never happen
2- To solve a problem, you need first to …………….its cause
    A) publicize
    B) criticize
    C) analyze
3. Causes of illnesses could be …………….or physical.
    A) natural
    B) psychological
    C) biological
4. Sick people in the hospital are called:
    A) nurses
    B) physicians
    C) patients
5. I got water in my eyes while swimming, and every thing looked…….
    A) visible
    B) invisible
    C) blurred
6. The opposite of 'gather' is:
    A) collect
    B) scatter
    C) disappear
7. He is so ……….to know what happened; he can't really wait.
    A) reluctant
    B) eager
    C) active
8. If you eat too much, you may get stomach ………
    A) ache
    B) swell
    C) disease
9. Some headaches are caused by:
     A) work
     B) relaxation
     C) tension
 10. It's quite ……….to have a headache when you are under stress
     A) ordinary
     B) abnormal
     C) unusual
11. My father has high blood ………; he has to take medicine every day.
    A) stress
    B) press
    C) pressure
12. The student answered the teacher's question but ……..
    A) reluctance
    B) reluctantly
    C) reluctant
13. A broken arm is usually………….
    A) swell
    B) swelling
    C) swollen
14. After the 4th ………… of a bad headache, I had to go to the doctor.
    A) recur
    B) recurrent
    C) recurrence
15. Only one of my friends can play ………. drum
    A) a
    B) the
    C) __
16. His words are just ………..warning that there are more problems to come.
    A) a
    B) the
    C) __
17. Oh! You look very
    A) tired
    B) tiring
    C) tiredness
18. Sometimes, sleep is not the best ………..for headaches
    A) diagnosis
    B) prognosis
    C) cure
19. Another word for 'adolescents' is:
     A) children
     B) teenagers
     C) adults
20. It's …………….that he won't succeed this term; he doesn't work hard
    A) apparent
    B) visible
    C) obscure
21. My job is not temporary; it is …………….
    A) current
    B) modern
    C) permanent
22. I can't take a decision now; I am really …………..
    A) confused
    B) confusing
    C) confusion
23. A nightmare is a………..
    A) good dream
    B) bad dream
    C) neutral dream
24. It's hard to …………..when there is noise around you
    A) pretend
    B) contend
    C) concentrate
25. I like reading in different …………of the day
    A) stages
    B) periods
    C) phases
26. I was ……….about the date, so I missed the meeting
    A) unaware
    B) confused
    C) ignorant
27. A car accident ……….traffic on the motorway for 2 hours
    A) closed
    B) stopped
    C) blocked
28. Smoking is ……………; so it's better not to start it
    A) addictive
    B) effective
    C) ineffective
29. To 'export' is to:
    A) sell to other countries
    B) buy from other countries
    C) don't deal with other countries
30. Another word for 'boundary' is
    A) location
    B) border
    C) center

Course: 134 Cause and Effect
Midterm 2:
Circle the right answer:
1. People usually sneeze and ………….when they have flue
    A) vomit
    B) cough
    C) sleep
2. Babies should receive ………….against common childhood diseases.
    A) vaccination
    B) regulation
    C) contamination
3. ………….kill millions of peoples worldwide
    A) plague
    B) epidemics
    C) antibiotics
4. King Saud University is a reputable educational …………………..
    A) constitution
    B) institution
    C) area
5. ……..are not always safe; they may affect the body immunity system
     A) germs
     B) microbes
     C) antibiotics
6. The boss ……..the employee without a good reason
    A) dismissed
    B) fired
    C) managed
7. The vaccine was ……….into the baby's little arm
    A) inserted
    B) put
    C) injected
8. He exerted great …………to become a physician
    A) efforts
    B) plans
    C) strategies
9. The 11/9 …………were such a surprise to the U.S.A.
    A) hits
    B) beats
    C) attacks
10. I have a ………pain in my knee. It comes and goes
    A) steady
    B) recurring
    C) strong
11. You need to read the questions …………to understand what is required
    A) intensely
    B) contently
    C) conclusively
12. The student felt…………after obtaining the grade he desired
     A) relieve
     B) relieved
     C) relief
13. The price of the product is quite………; it can be afforded easily.
    A) reason
    B) reasonable
    C) reasonably
14. Going into the army in Egypt is not……….; it's obligatory.
    A) volunteer
    B) voluntary
    C) voluntarily
15. It's quite ……….of you to hit your little child so violently like that
    A) merciful
    B) cruel
    C) guilty
16. In summer, the nights start to
    A) long
    B) length
    C) lengthen
17. The committee chairman decided to ................the meeting until next week.
    A) put out
    B) put off
    C) put on
18. I went to the classroom, but the students didn't show……..
    A) on
    B) off
    C) up
19. Bacteria then enter ……..mouth or nose of anyone nearby.
    A) a
    B) the
    C) ___
20. Reputable restaurants should have proper……….procedures
    A) health
    B) inspection
    C) sanitary
21. I don't feel well; I think I need to ……… diet.
    A) update
    B) promote
    C) improve
22. We shouldn't think badly of people doing…………
    A) sanitary
    B) unsanitary
    C) menial
23. Do you have any …………to prove your claims.
    A) support
    B) evidence
    C) suggestion
24. After studying the x-ray of his leg, the doctors ………..that it was broken.
    A) argued
    B) thought
    C) concluded
25. The doctor decided to perform …………for the second time.
    A) leech
    B) surgery
    C) cutting
26. My son likes to be a ……..when he grows up.
    A) surgery
    B) surgical
    C) surgeon
27. It's …… handle food without first washing your hands.
    A) unrespectable
    B) impolite
    C) unsanitary
28. The patient made great …… the week after surgery.
    A) success
    B) improvement
    C) achievement
29. The bus accident was a …….one; all the passengers died.
    A) fatal
    B) serious
    C) dangerous
30. Another word for 'sore' is
        A) unhappy
        B) unhealthy
        C) painful

Course: 134 Cause and Effect
Final Test:
circle the right answer:
1. Tom is my room………….
     A) partner
     B) mate
     C) friend
2. This is a kind of mistake that shouldn't be made more than once in life……..
    A) period
    B) duration
    C) time
3. His handwriting and his father's are quite
    A) similar
    B) similarity
    C) similarly
4. Are there any aspects of ……………between test 1 and test 2?
    A) likehood
    B) possibility
    C) similarity
5. What did the doctor…………for your headache?
    A) write
    B) prescribe
    C) order
6. There is only one …… yesterday's car accident
     A) death
     B) dead
     C) fatality
7. She went to three different doctors to get a………..
    A) prescription
    B) diagnosis
    C) prognosis
8. I don't think that the test is difficult, I think you are. …….
    A) exaggerating
    B) elaborating
    C) hallucinating
9. You should ………your kids to aim high at school.
    A) encourage
    B) discourage
    C) frustrate
10. ………….exercise is good for the heart
    A) writing
    B) aerobic
    C) dancing
11. Students often suffer from…………..before exams.
    A) loneliness
    B) anxiety
    C) estrangement
12. It is rude to ask someone ……….questions.
    A) public
    B) especial
    C) personal
13. Tom………….black hair from his father
     A) inherited
     B) wired
     C) took
14. ………..improve the taste of food
    A) weeds
    B) herbs
    C) salt
15. Many people are …………with a low-fat diet.
    A) knowledgeable
    B) familiar
    C) keen
16. She is highly attractive; people always …………..her wherever she goes
    A) look at
    B) stare at
    C) consider
17. I need a copy of the ……….of that delicious soup.
    A) recipe
    B) prescription
    C) transcription
18. A……….in the amount of fat in your food makes you healthier.
    A) deduction
    B) reduction
    C) production
19. I will ………..5000 SR in my bank account
    A) put
    B) deposit
    C) withdraw
20. Smoking is a……… diseases related to the heart and lungs.
    A) factor
    B) reason
    C) cause
21. My students always ………………that I give them too much homework to do.
    A) attest
    B) complain
    C) resent
22. It's difficult to ……………..stubborn children.
    A) speak with
    B) deal with
    C) look at
23. Fever is………body temperature.
    A) low
    B) high
    C) normal
24. The word 'solar' means ………
    A) related to the moon
    B) related to the sun
    C) related to the stars
25. She is going to become a mother; this means she is ………
    A) married
    B) divorced
    C) pregnant
26. When we say that something is germ free; we mean that it is…….
    A) sanitary
    B) unsanitary
    C) polluted
27. It is not easy to …….the pressures of modern life
    A) stand against
    B) stand by
    C) cope with
28. The whole matter looks unfamiliar to me; this means:
    A) it is known
    B) it is unknown
    C) it is irrelevant
29. He has a problem with one of his heart ………
    A) valves
    B) pipes
    C) connections
30. …………. are x-rays of the heart arteries
    A) diagrams
    B) angiograms
    C) barograms


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