FNR Foresight

Document Sample
FNR Foresight Powered By Docstoc
					FNR Foresight

Launch event Phase 2
 16th of October 2006



                        1
            Aim of the exercise
■ Identification of research domains in the public sector
  with short-term and/or long-term socio-economic interest
  for Luxembourg society
■ Identify areas on which to concentrate public investment
  for R&D with a view to develop real centres of S/T
  excellence in Luxembourg
■ New FNR programmes including:
    Programme priority axes
    Programme objectives
■ Clarification and dissemination of strategic aim of FNR
  programmes among stakeholders
■ Consolidation of communication networks amongst
  stakeholders

                                                            2
FNR Foresight outline Phase 1
                                                     Internet
                                                      Forum
  Interviews                    Diagnosis
   60 major
 stakeholders                      FNR
                                Programme
                                Evaluation      Strategy Building
                                                                           Priorities Building
   Questionnaires                                   Building
> 30% response rate                                Strategic
                                  Mapping                                            FNR Board and
                                                   Scenarios         Exploratory
                                  R&D in                                              Sci. Council
                                Luxembourg                           Workshop          meeting
   Data collection                                 Background
(General lack of data)                             data report
                                  Trends at
                                international
     Data analysis                  level

                                                                               Phase 2
                                                                    Priorities/Recommendations to the
                                                                                 Ministries
            Young researchers
                workshop                                                   FNR programmes


                                                                                                        3
FNR evaluation




                 4
         Key evaluation findings
■ Supported 55 projects since 2000 with circa 49 million Euro
  committed (March 06) out of 57.7 million Euro

■ Funded an additional 1 919 person months in research projects

■ Invested in unique high profile research infrastructure

■ Reinforced evaluation and monitoring of research outputs

■ Helped to create new interactions – almost 50% of the projects
  have involvement of public or private sector actors

■ Too early to demonstrate strong socio-economic impacts


                                                                   5
                      Key issues
■ Linking better with all relevant ministries

■ Better monitoring of programme achievements

    Need for indicators to measure contribution to programme aims

    Need to clarify role of Steering Groups

■ Developing stakeholder confidence in project evaluation

■ Improving quality and consistency of programme descriptions

■ Prioritising knowledge management within FNR



                                                                     6
  Stakeholder Views: Interviews
■ Total of 50 2-hour interviews + 9 phone interviews


                                  Interviewees
Minister & Secretary of State, Members of Parliament (Lux. and EU),   13
Ministries, Agencies
CRPS, CEPS, University of Luxembourg, other public inst.:             23

Private sector                                                        17

Universities abroad, Institutions abroad                              6




                                                                          7
  Young researchers Workshop
■ Collect young researchers views on:
    Lux. research landscape
    Identify, validate and assess emerging research priorities
■ 5 Workshops with 100 participants
      Physical Sciences and Engineering
      ICT
      Biomedical Sciences
      Environmental Sciences
      Social Sciences and Humanities
■ Response of young researchers ambivalent:
      « Good to be asked » (never been before)
      Did not know what to answer (« not the right people to ask »)
      A lot of current problems raised (administration, collaboration, etc.)
      follow-up important to get young researchers to « think foresight »



                                                                                8
              Stakeholder views
■ Researchers see the impact of their activity more as contributing to
  incremental rather than radical innovation
■ There is a need to match views from a diverse range of stakeholders
  (public and private sectors)
■ Researchers support the need for prioritisation, but on their own
   terms :
     New domains are not prioritised over old
     Fundamental research receives equal support to applied research
     Socio-economic outputs, do not only mean economic outputs
     Investment in people receives stronger support relative to infrastructure




                                                                              9
 Top issues raised in the online
         questionnaire
Strategy development:
■ “Luxembourg needs to commit to a national R&D policy: public
   and private stakeholders have to be integrated and committed
   to the same overall targets; national cooperation at all levels is
   important for the overall success of R&D activities.”
Criteria for selection of R&D fields:
■ “I think Luxembourg should not try to win any 'Nobel Prizes' by
   doing research in novel and 'hip' areas, but should focus on
   essential research which will help the country's welfare and
   economy in the short and long run.”
Research system parameters:
■ “The focus is in my feeling too much on applied research.
   Applied research of tomorrow was always and will always be
   the fundamental research of today. So fundamental research
   has to be made to assure a future applied research.”
                                                                   10
           Top issues…continued
Research culture:
■ “Encourage exposure to international research community by
   facilitating international collaborative projects. Encourage (national)
   visibility of the research activities in the different projects (FNR has a
   role as an information dissemination platform).”
Funding process:
■ “Continuously monitor scientific quality and productivity. Best way is
   via peer review (including site visits) by outside experts. Regularly
   demand accountability from researchers and administrators to ensure
   that public funds are well spent. Support what works, abolish what
   doesn’t.”
Human resource development:
■ “It is important to create a critical mass of experienced researchers
   and infrastructure in Luxembourg to attract scientists from abroad.”


                                                                           11
Balance to be sought in objectives for FNR
    funding for research in Luxembourg?

                     70

                     60

                     50
   Number of Votes




                     40

                     30

                     20

                     10

                       0
                                     9%




                                                                                      %
                              n




                                               0%


                                                         0%


                                                         0%


                                                         0%


                                                         0%


                                                         0%


                                                                                    0%


                                                                                    0%
                           ve




                                                                                   00
                                  0-


                                             -2


                                                       -3


                                                       -4


                                                       -5


                                                       -6


                                                       -7


                                                                                  -8


                                                                                  -9
                        gi




                                                                                 -1
                                          10


                                                    21


                                                    31


                                                    41


                                                    51


                                                    61


                                                                               71


                                                                               81
                     er




                                                                              91
     sw
   an




                                                    % Funding for existing domains
   o
  N




                                                                                          12
Priority analysis




                    13
   Trends at the international level :
        54 emerging domains
               1
               3
                                                                6
                                                                2
                                                                        Competition level


                                                                           High competition
               7                                                3          Medium competition
                        Social Sciences      Environm ental
                                                                           Low competition
                        and Hum anties         Sciences




               Physical Sciences
       3        and Engineering

       2                                          Bio-Medical
                                                   Sciences
       2
                             Inform ation
                           Com m unication
                            Technologies                            3
           2                                                        7
           0                                                        5
           8


■ Identified from:
      Foresight projects conducted by the European Commission
      Research priorities identified from 13 comparator countries
      FNR 2005 call for programme proposals
                                                                                              14
      Interviews and questionnaires
            Online questionnaire
A list of research domains was assembled based on:
■Thematic priorities from the international trends analysis of 13
comparator countries
■Foresight projects conducted by the European Commission
■FNR 2005 call for proposals
■The ongoing foresight process (interviews, workshop)

5 thematic fields:
■Environmental sciences                    15 research areas
■Bio-medical sciences                      54 research domains
■Information communication technologies    3-13 research axes per
■Physical sciences and engineering         domain
■Social sciences and humanities



                                                                    15
                Level of Granularity
Thematic field         Research         Research             Research
                         area            domain                axis
Environmental       Global change     Water               Drinking water
sciences            and ecosystem     management
Bio-medical         Diseases          Cardiovascular      Metabolism and
sciences                              diseases            the Cv system
ICT                 Infrastructure    Telecoms

Physical sciences   Knowledge based   Housing and civil   Energy efficient
and engineering     multifunctional   engineering         buildings
                    materials
Social & human      Economy, policies, Economy and        Dynamics of
sciences            institutional      finance            financial wealth
                    framework                             creation
                                                                             16
                 Online Questionnaire
■ Questionnaire open to a full range of stakeholders

       Respondants : 283 questionnaires validated (800 people contacted)                  %
CRPs, CEPS, University of Luxembourg, CHL                                                46
Universities abroad, Institutions abroad                                                 22
Private sector                                                                           14
Other public inst.: Museums, Hospitals, Associations, Small institutes, Central bank     11
Ministries, Agencies, Chamber of commerce etc                                             7
Male respondants                                                                         78
Female respondants                                                                       22




                                                                     283 questionnaires usable
                                                                                          17
     How is a domain assessed?
■ Attractiveness :
    Societal need
    Economic need
    Emerging trend
    Sustainable development need
■ Feasibility:
    Scientific base
    Economic base
    Regional partners
■ Competition intensity:
    Extent to which the research domain is being prioritised by other
      countries.
    Note, this particular point requires careful consideration, as it is
      complicated by the fact that for Luxembourg to reap benefit of
      prioritising a research domain its scientists will also need to be part of a
      wider community of scientists where knowledge exchange is important.

                                                                                18
   4 common domains amongst top domains
       selected by public & private sector
        Public sector respondents only                                               Private sector respondents only

Water management                                     1st             Materials and novel properties                                       1st

Natural environment management                       2nd             Water management                                                     2nd

School, work, qualifications                         3rd             Nanosciences and nanotechnologies                                    3rd

Biotechnologies                                      4th             Engineering                                                          3rd

Bio Energies                                         5th             Natural environment management                                       4th

Infectious diseases and immunity                     5th             Sustainable production and products                                  5th
                                                                      Sustainable transports and logistics                                 6th
21st century challenges and life-
style related diseases                               5th             Earth Observation                                                    7th
Earth Observation                                    6th             Language diversity and linguistic
                                                                          competences                                                      7th
Nanosciences and
nanotechnologies                                     7th             Social integration and social exclusion                              8th
Biodiversity, conservation and
                                                     7th             Telecommunications                                                   8th
GMOs
                                                                      Culture, history, identity                                           8th
Health and Environment                               7th
                                                                      Demography, childhood, youth and
Photovoltaic solar energy                            7th                intergenerational relations                                       8th
                                                                                                                                           19
                                                                                                   Source: online questionnaire results
               Note: coloured circles refer to competition level from other countries – e.g. red = high, amber = medium, and green = low
                          Attractiveness – Feasibility
                              Matrix : „Clustering‟
              VERY HIGH
feasibility




               HIGH




              MEDIUM




                           MEDIUM         HIGH       VERY HIGH


                                    Attractiveness
                                                                 20
    4 Types of Domains
                   Very high attractiveness and
Type 1              high feasibility (3)




                   High attractiveness and high
                    feasibility    / Very   high
Type 2
                    attractiveness and medium
                    feasibility (30)


                   High      attractiveness  and
                    medium feasibility / medium
Type 3              attractiveness      and  high
                    feasibility (20)



                   Medium attractiveness    and
Type 4
                    medium feasibility (1)


                                              21
         Exploratory workshop
■ Aim:
   Discuss and validate prioritisation results from
    Questionnaire
   Analyse strategic context for prioritisation
     • Strategic Options:
         •   Build critical mass to develop the business base
         •   Scientific excellence strategy
         •   Differentiation strategy (niches)
         •   Sustain diversity in Luxembourg
         •   Research for sustainability

                                                                22
  Strategic support for public research
■ Strategic Options:
      Build critical mass to develop user driven research activities
      Scientific excellence strategy
      Differentiation strategy (niches)
      Sustain diversity in Luxembourg
■ Recommended strategy:
    Commitment to Lisbon strategy and Barcelona targets and
     objectives
        • Sustainable economic growth
        • Social cohesion
        • Respect for the environment
    strategy specific for each Domain specific varying from:
        • Very close alignment of research (projects) with private sector
        • Building a strong research/science base for developing economic
          opportunities and social issues
                                                                            23
     4
     3
                                           level
      Axis
      Axis    Domain




                             area
      Axis
      Axis    Domain
      Axis
              Domain
      Axis
              Domain

      Axis
      Axis    Domain
      Axis
              Domain
      Axis
      Axis    Domain

      Axis    Domain

      Axis
              Domain
      Axis
      Axis    Domain


      Axis
              Domain
                                                   Definition of Level




      Axis
              Domain
      Axis
              Domain
      Axis
      Axis
              Domain
24




      Axis
              Domain
     1 2 Field A Field B Field C Field X
     4
     3
                                           level
      Axis
      Axis    Domain




                             area
      Axis
      Axis    Domain
      Axis
              Domain
      Axis
              Domain

      Axis
      Axis    Domain
      Axis
              Domain
      Axis
      Axis    Domain

      Axis    Domain

      Axis
              Domain
      Axis
      Axis    Domain


      Axis
              Domain

      Axis
              Domain
      Axis
              Domain
      Axis
      Axis
              Domain
                                                   Phase 1 Preliminary Prioritisation




25




      Axis
              Domain
     1 2 Field A Field B Field C Field X
                    Roadmap for ICT
■ Domain priorities and check coherence with domain profile
     Priority 1 : “Security and trust”, “e-services”
     Priority 2: “Telecommunications”, “Multimedia”,
     Priority 3: “Business and IT”, “Interactive computing technologies”, “Adaptivity”,
      “Modelling and simulation technologies”
■ ICT strategy is mostly option 1 (user oriented)
     Because of proximity to application areas and involvement of users in their
      development
■ Rationale
       Immediate benefits to SMEs in this sector
       National action plan e-Luxembourg
       ESA membership and related opportunities
       Common ground for research and economic activities
       Existing resource base both economic and research
       FP7 priority
■ Implementation issues for phase 2
     Close collaboration with the industry/private sector (Coordination with
      Luxinnovation)
     Close collaboration with ministry of economy, ministry “classes moyennes” (in
      view of e-services)
     Stimulate closer collaboration ICT activities at CRPs and the University.
     Could be developed quite rapidly into FNR programme (beginning 2007)
                                                                                           26
    Roadmap for Physical Sciences
         and Engineering
■   Domain priorities and check coherence with domain profile
      Priority 1 : “Nanosciences and nanotechs”, “Materials with novel properties”,
        “Supramolecular functional materials”
      Priority 2: “Engineering”, “Business opportunities from space”, “Industrial design
        technology (Modelling and simulation; numerical methods, integration of them in
        the design process)”
      Some domains from priority 1 are in line with strategic option 2.
■   Materials strategy is balanced between option 1 and 2
      Proximity to application areas and involvement of users in their development
■   Rationale
      Support local industry in the short term for option 1 domains or prepare future
        applications by building scientific excellence in specific research axis
      Collaboration between public and private sector already existing
      Existing clusters
■   Implementation issues for phase 2
      Finding research axis in “Nanosciences and nanotechs” and “Supramolecular
        functional materials” domains where to build scientific excellence with longer
        term application potential and identify international potential partners
      For “Materials with novel properties” develop projects in collaboration with
        industry
      Coordinate with the Ministry of Economy and Luxinnovation
                                                                                        27
         Roadmap for Life Sciences
■   Domain priorities and check coherence with domain profile
      Priority 1 : “21st century challenges and life-style diseases”
      Priority 2: “Cardio-Vascular disease”, “Oncology”, “Infectious diseases and immunity”,
       “Biochemistry and cell biology”, “Food and human nutrition”, “Agriculture”

■   Life Science strategy is a option 3 (a differentiation strategy)
      Most competitive thematic area
      Luxembourg has already some comparative advantages (cancer tissue bank, epidemiology
         resource base, population structure and diversity …)

■   Rationale (for identifying comparative advantages)
      M. of Economy wants to create favourable environment for biotech companies
      Address societal/health issues
      Build on existing strengths and partnership of CRPs with other actors (e.g. CHL)
      High spill over potential in multi-disciplinary domains

■   Implementation issues for phase 2
      Identify existing comparative advantages underlying above domains
                 •   Luxembourg‟s particular scientific strengths
                 •   Domains with relatively low competition
                 •   Highly attractive and feasible domains
                 •   Existing economic base
                 •   Existing and potential regional/and international partnerships,
                 •   Domains identified in national policy statements
                 •   Identifying additional actors to maximise spill over potential
                 •   Cross-cutting and multidisciplinary domains
        Dialogue with the Ministry of Economy in view of their biotech strategy                28
Roadmap for Environmental Sciences
■    Domain priorities and check coherence with domain profile
    1.       Water management                                          5.     Ecotechnologies
    2.       Natural environment management                            6.     Earth Observation
    3.       Bioenergies                                               7.     Biodiversity and Conservation
    4.       Climatology, Natural Environment and Catastrophes
             Forecasting
             4 domains are identified as a second tier priority.
■    Environmental sciences strategy is mostly option 1 (not only business but
     also users)
             Fulfilment of legislative requirements (EU, Kyoto)
             Meeting societal demands
             Build on ties of public research and users to be attractive for companies Rationale for
              these priorities in Environment
             Existing scientific base clusters in most of these domains
             Environmental issues specific for Lux.
             Increasing legal obligations
■    Implementation issues for phase 2
             How many domains should be effectively supported
             Coordination with the Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Agriculture, Viticulture and
              Rural Development
             Suitable collaboration with users (Agricultural/enviro. meetings)
             Identify partners and networking / collaborating in the Great Region

                                                                                                              29
    Roadmap for Economy, law and
              finance
■       New Field issuing from EWS discussion. Apparent need to treat separately from Social
        Sciences
■       Areas identified during EWS:
           Improving Business Environment
           Regulation, Governance and European Integration

■       “Economy, law and finance” strategy relies mostly on option 1 and 3
           Business orientated and support for Luxembourg specific applications/niches

■       Rationale
           Business environment strengthening contributes to economic competitiveness
           Strong demand from PMEs/Firms for Managerial sciences (lack of researchers)
           Financial place Luxembourg and Luxembourg School of Finance
           European Court of Justice and related law services
           Developing scientific base at the UL
           Innovation in financial services
           Analysis of legislative framework
■       Implementation issues for phase 2
           Map existing competences
           Coordination with the Ministry of economy, Ministry des classes moyennes, BCL, ABBL, BEI, Court of
            Justice, LSF…
           Coordination with private sector (banks, insurances, etc)
           Competence building
           Rapid implementation into concrete funding mechanisms

                                                                                                             30
        Roadmap for Social sciences and
                 humanities
■       Two large areas have been identified plus one interdisciplinary domain:
           School, work, qualifications, welfare
           Culture, Language Diversity, History, Identity
           One interdisciplinary domain (with Health and medical sciences): Ageing
■       Social sciences and humanities” strategy relies mostly on option 1 (societal
        need) and option 2
           Social/cultural issues have to be taken up by research to guide policy/knowledge society
           Scientific excellence: improve methods for social sciences in Luxembourg; FNR should
            work as standard implementing body
■       Rationale for these priorities
           Labour market problems: unemployment rising; transborder workers import
           Ageing: demographic challenge and planning ahead; existing base in current programmes
           Cultural issues: important in the multi-cultural context in view of social cohesion
           Multilingualism is a niche for Luxembourg; potential for multi-disciplinarity with ICT
           Developing scientific base at the UL and CEPS
           Setting standards for data and methodology
■       Implementation issues for phase 2
           Coordination with Ministry of Culture, Education, Labour, Social Security, Family, Health,
            Economy (statistics) and other relevant actors and users
           Ageing: continue Forum activities
           Work/labour markets/social security: greater region relevant
           Competence building

                                                                                                   31
           Overall Results
■ Stakeholder identification and initial
  involvement
■ Networking within research community
■ Networking within agencies
■ Roadmap for Foresight in several domains
■ Good basis for 2nd phase


                                         32
    Key issues for prioritisation
■ Research competency is broadly spread across
  many domains – making prioritisation difficult
■ Concentration of public R&D investments on “core
  areas” in view of constituting centres of S/T
  excellence
■ Prioritisation should address a relevant proportion
  of research funding in Luxembourg


                                                        33
Evaluation of Phase 1

    Michael Keenan



                        34
FNR Foresight

Phase 2 and beyond



                 www.fnr.lu
                              35
                    Timescale
■ Proposal of set of national priorities to the Government in
  march 2007
■ Assess suitability of public funding instruments:
    FNR programmes
    Centre of competence
    Performance contracts
    Greater Region funding scheme, etc.
■ Implementation of Foresight results through public
  funding instruments by 2008
■ Continue Foresight culture



                                                           36
    FNR Foresight outline Phase 2
                                                      •Environmental sciences
                                                      •Bio-medical sciences
        Phase 1 Results             Input Papers      •Information communication technologies
                                                      •Physical sciences and engineering
                                                      •Social sciences and humanities
                                                      •Law, Economy and Finance


        Desk Research                Expert Panel
                                      Expert Panel
                                       Expert Panel
                                     Workshops 1
                                      Workshop 11
                                       Workshop


Stakeholder        Challenges for
 Workshop           Luxembourg
                                    Interim Reports



                                                                                   Priorities/
                                                                              Recommendations to
                                                                                 the Ministries
                                     Expert Panel
                                      Expert Panel
                                       Expert Panel     Final Report
                                     Workshops 2
                                      Workshop 11
                                       Workshop
                                                                                FNR programmes

                                                                                                37
     3
     4
                                           level
      Axis
      Axis    Domain




                             area
      Axis
      Axis    Domain
      Axis
              Domain
      Axis
              Domain

      Axis
      Axis    Domain
      Axis
              Domain
      Axis
      Axis    Domain

      Axis    Domain

      Axis
              Domain
      Axis
      Axis    Domain


      Axis
              Domain

      Axis
              Domain
      Axis
              Domain
      Axis
      Axis
              Domain
                                                   Phase 1 Preliminary Prioritisation




38




      Axis
              Domain
     1 2 Field A Field B Field C Field X
                          3
                          4
                                                                level
                           Axis
                           Axis    Domain




                                                  area
                           Axis
                           Axis    Domain
                           Axis
                                   Domain
                           Axis
                                   Domain

                           Axis
                           Axis    Domain
                           Axis
                                   Domain
                           Axis
                           Axis    Domain

                           Axis    Domain

                           Axis
                                   Domain
                           Axis
     Overall assessment
                           Axis    Domain


                           Axis
                                   Domain
                                                                        Phase 2 Prioritisation




                           Axis
                                   Domain
                           Axis
                                   Domain
                           Axis
                           Axis
                                   Domain
39




                           Axis
                                   Domain
                          1 2 Field A Field B Field C Field X
                                      Phase 2 Prioritisation

level

1 2 Field A Field B Field C Field X
            area




                                                                                                                        Domain
        Domain
                   Domain



                                       Domain

                                                Domain
                                                         Domain



                                                                            Domain


                                                                                        Domain
                                                                                                  Domain



                                                                                                            Domain




                                                                                                                                    Domain



                                                                                                                                                        Domain
                                                                                                                                             Domain
                             Domain




                                                                   Domain
3
4
                                      Axis




                                                                              Axis




                                                                                                           Axis




                                                                                                                                                       Axis
                                                                  Axis




                                                                                                                                        Axis
        Axis
        Axis
        Axis
        Axis
                            Axis




                                                Axis
                                                Axis
                                                Axis



                                                                  Axis




                                                                                     Axis

                                                                                                 Axis
                                                                                                 Axis




                                                                                                                     Axis

                                                                                                                                 Axis
                                                                                                                                        Axis
   2                                                     1                            3




        Higher level Prioritisation: Political choice based on assessment
                  Translate priorities into funding mechanisms                                                                                        40
Luxembourg Foresight
     Phase 2

Anette Braun, Karlheinz Steimueller




                                      41
Thank You




            42

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:11
posted:9/28/2011
language:English
pages:42