Slavery

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					Life in the South (1830 - 1860)
          Role Playing Rules:
    1. Everyone Actively Participates
          2. 20 Inch Voices
3. Think Empathetically: Put Yourself in
          Your Characters’ Shoes
      4. Listen Carefully to Others
5. Remember The Time: 1840s and 1850s
  6. Remember that You are NOT You!
                Southern Society
• Only 1/3 of families own any slaves
• Tenant Farmers (rural poor) - whites who rent or work
  farms for landlords
• Yeomen - small farm owners who worked in fields
  with slaves
• Planters - wealthy plantation owners; had more than
  20 slaves - very rare
   – Planters are political and economic leaders of the south
• Most Southern blacks are slaves, but 250,000 are free
• Free blacks - face discrimination - they can’t vote, live
  in certain places, or own guns
• Some free blacks own slaves
                                    impact.ifas.ufl.edu/ TV/multimedia.html




 Cotton - the new Cash
   Crop of the south
• South is largely agricultural (farming)
• Tobacco and rice prices drop
• Many in south are looking for a new way to
  make money
• Eli Whitney’s cotton gin makes cotton
  profitable
• Major problem now is that they cannot pick
  cotton fast enough
In Character: What is the first thing you
think of when you see this image…




           www.loc/gov/rr/print/list/082_slave.html.webloc
                Cotton Boom
• Cotton Belt - South Carolina to east Texas - warm
  and moist
• Cotton is easy to grow, doesn’t spoil, and easy to
  transport
• Scientific Agriculture - Cotton drains fields of
  nutrients, so farmers rotate fields, giving fields a
  year to be restored
• More workers (slaves) are needed
• South almost entirely focus on cotton production
  (short sighted)
  In Character: What is the first
thing you think of when you hear
           the word…

           COTTON
                                       By noting the regions in
                                       which “cotton was king,”
                                        what are two climate
                                      conditions are required for
          QuickTime™ and a
TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
                                        the growth of cotton?
   are needed to see this picture.




                                     homepage.univie.ac.at/.../ a_tour_of_topics.htm
                                                     Describe
                                                        the
                                                     clothing
                                                       of the
                                                     people in
                                                        the
                                                      image.
                                                       Why
                                                      might
                                                     this be?


http://beatl.barnard.columbia.edu/amciv/Cotton.jpg
What issues do
you see with the
housing used by
 these people?




                   www.loc/gov/rr/print/list/082_slave.html.webloc
       www.loc/gov/rr/print/list/082_slave.html.webloc




How can we tell this is the farm of a planter?
         Life on a Plantation
• Plantation Wives - served as the business
  leaders of the household (men often were
  away on business)
• Specialized Jobs - domestic help (in home),
  field workers, blacksmiths, carpenters,
  shoemakers, etc.
• Overseer - plantation manager; in charge of
  field production; in charge of slave
  discipline
  In Character: What is the first
thing you think of when you hear
           the word…

         PLANTATION
  In Character: What is the first
thing you think of when you hear
           the word…

          OVERSEER
          Life Under Slavery
• Treatment of slaves varied from farm to farm
• Slaves on small farms did many tasks; those on
  large plantations specialized
• Slaves usually worked from dawn to dusk, and ate
  meals in the fields
• Slaves served as butlers, maids, or cooks in
  plantation homes
• Skilled slaves (blacksmiths and carpenters) were
  sometimes able to hire themselves out to other
  farms for money
  In Character: What is the first
thing you think of when you hear
           the word…
            SLAVERY
timmer.org/HISTORY_17A/Links/images/violence.jpg.webloc
                     Slave Life
• Slaves were treated as property, not people
• Bought and sold for profit ($200 to $5000)
• Homes were dirt floored shacks
• Slaves created adopted families, and feared being sold
  away from the group
• Marriages were not legal, could be broken up by sale
• Told folktales (stories with a moral) instead of going to
  school
• Created religious ceremonies and songs to create hope
  and pass time
  In Character: What is the first
thing you think of when you hear
          the phrase…

       LIFE OF A SLAVE
                                                   How do the
                                                  businesses in
                                                   this image
                                                  make money?
                                                    What does
                                                  this image tell
                                                   us about how
                                                    slaves were
                                                      viewed?



www.loc.gov/rr/print/list/082_slave.html.webloc
         www.loc.gov/rr/print/list/082_slave.html.webloc




What is inhumane about slave auctions?
The image about to be
shown is disturbing,
but it shows the amount
of physical scarring
that can result for slave
abuse by overseers.
You may look away if
you wish.




                            timmer.org/HISTORY_17A/Li#45AA5
           Challenging Slavery
• Slow Downs - slaves worked slowly to protest
• Escape - slaves tried to escape to Mexico or
  Canada
• Revolt - rare but feared by owners
• Nat Turner’s Rebellion (1831)
   – Turner and fellow slaves believe God told then
     to rebel during a solar eclipse
   – Kill total of 60 whites in Virginia, inc. Turner’s
     owner and family
   – 100 Slaves killed in the rebellion, Turner
     hanged
   – Most violent slave revolt in US history
  In Character: What is the first
thing you think of when you hear
           the name…

         NAT TURNER
http://www.afrigeneas.com/library/runaway_ads/slave-ad-lg.gif




                             QuickTime™ and a
                   TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
                      are needed to see this picture.
http://www.hudsonrivervalley.net/images/add02.gif




                                                    The previous reward
                                                    was for $200. This
                                                    reward is for $400.
                                                    Why would Harry be
                       QuickTime™ and a
             TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
                                                    worth paying such a
                                                    high reward for?
                are needed to see this picture.




                                                    ($400 in 1800 is worth
                                                    $4572.84 in 2006
                                                    according to the
                                                    Inflation Calculator)
    In Character: What is the first thing
you think of when you first see this image…
           City Life in South
• Free blacks - denied rights of whites and
  faced daily discrimination
• No state-wide public schools
• Parents who could afford it sent kids to
  private schools or hired tutors
• Literacy - ability to read; literacy rate in
  South lower than the North because of lack
  of schools
  In Character: What is the first
thing you think of when you hear
          the phrase…
  CITY LIFE IN THE SOUTH
 African-American Culture in the South

• African slave trade banned in 1808
• By 1860, almost all slaves been in U.S.
• Spirituals - songs sung with religious messages
  about escape or freedom - root of Jazz, blues,
  gospel music
• Slave Codes - rules that were meant to control
  slaves. Examples:
   – No gathering in large groups
   – Had to have a pass to be in public
   – Illegal to teach slaves to read/write
  In Character: What is the first
thing you think of when you hear
          the phrase…

    AFRICAN-AMERICAN
   CULTURE IN THE SOUTH

				
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posted:9/27/2011
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