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					Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the
               Municipality of Faro


         MUNICIPAL COUNCIL OF FARO

                     LAPs & RAPs II

      2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
    1. Municipality of Faro
       1.2. Territorial Characteristics
                                                      Figure 1. Location in Europe.


Location: Southwest Iberian Peninsula

Area: 92,142 km2

Population: 10,617,575
(resident pop. 31/12/2007)

Capital: Lisbon

District Capitals: Aveiro, Beja, Braga,
Bragança, Castelo Branco, Coimbra, Évora,
Faro, Guarda, Leiria, Portalegre, Porto,
Santarém, Setúbal, Viana do Castelo, Vila
Real and Viseu
                                                            Source:
                                                            http://www.guiageo-europa.com/mapas.htm
Autonomous Regions: Madeira and Azores

                  Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                        LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
1. Municipality of Faro
   1.2.Territorial Characterisation



                                                 Figure 2. Location of the city of Faro
A district capital, Faro is a major attraction
for people and services. Although Faro,
due to its geomorphology, has traditionally
been a place of passage for those
travelling to and from the east and west of
the Algarve, the increasing population of its
outlying parishes has accentuated mobility,
into the centre and within the city, as well
as out of the city and within urban areas
located outside the municipality.



                                           Source:
                                           Plano de Mobilidade Sustentável do Concelho de Faro (2008).
                                           CCDR Algarve

           Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                 LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
1. Municipality of Faro
   1.2.Territorial Characterisation


With an area of 201.9 km2, approximately 4% of the                Figure 3.
                                                                  Administrative Division of the
total area of the Algarve, it has a resident population of        Municipality of Faro
58,664 inhabitants[1], approximately 14% of the resident
population of the Algarve.

This municipality has 6 parishes and 63 localities. São
Pedro (Faro), Sé (Faro) and Montenegro are considered
primarily urban areas; Santa Bárbara de Nexe and
Conceição de Faro are fairly urban areas and only Estoi
can be considered predominantly rural[2].
 [1] Source: INE. Anuário Estatístico 2006.
[2] See INE urban areas typologies.




                                                                                  Source:
                                                                                  INE Census 2001


              Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                      LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
 1. Municipality of Faro.
     1.2. Sociodemographic Characteristics



Resident Pop.:
         (INE, Census 2001) 58,051 inhabitants

Population Density:
         (INE, Census 2001) 287.5 inhab/km2




INE, Anuários 2006

Resident Pop. = 58,664 inhabitants
Population Density = 290.5 inhab/Km2
                                          + 3% (01/06)


           Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                 LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
1. Municipality of Faro.
   1.2. Sociodemographic Characteristics
   Figure 3. Population according to major age groups, in 2001


                                            Children and                 Working                     Elderly
                                            Young People                Population                 Population
                              Total pop.
                                                    0-14                   15-64                 65 and over
                               Resident
                                            Total           %         Total         %           Total          %


    FARO                       58,051      8,295           14.3     40,521         69.8        9,235         15.9
    Conceição de Faro           3,751       581            15.5      2,528         67.4         642          17.1
    Estoi                       3,538       457            12.9      2,286         64.6         795          22.5
    Santa      Bárbara   de     4,119       550            13.4      2,651         64.4         918          22.3
    Nexe
    São Pedro (Faro)           12,761      1,748           13.7      8,892         69.7        2,121         16.6
    Sé (Faro)                  28,546      4,175           14.6     20,264         71.0        4,107         14.4
    Montenegro                  5,336       784            14.7      3,900         73.1         652          12.2
                                                  Source: Instituto Nacional de Estatística – Portugal. Census 2001.
                                                  Data Processing – In Loco


            Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                  LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
2. Municipality of Faro: Characteristics of Homeless People.

Concept of Homeless

   According to the European Federation of National Organisations Working with the
   Homeless – FEANTSA –, the homeless are “all those who do not have their own or
   rented accommodation, as well as those who live in unsuitable accommodation and do
   not have bonds with their community”.


   In other words, the concept covers situations in which the common factors are a lack of
   resources (poverty) and social breakdown in access to decent personal accommodation,
   recognising that the homeless are not only in a situation of homelessness, but are also
   in a situation of weakness and extreme social exclusion.




              Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                     LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
2. Municipality of Faro: Characteristics of Homeless People.

Data

2.1. Instituto de Segurança Social (2005); National Study on the Homeless.

   According to a study carried out by the Social Security Institute on homeless
   people in Portugal, a majority are citizens of Portuguese nationality, male,
   unmarried and of working age (between 30 and 50) and with a poor
   education. Family breakdown (conflicts, separations, divorce and death)
   head the list of problems associated with their homelessness (25%), followed
   by health problems (23%) related to drug abuse, alcoholism, physical or
   mental illness. 27% are unemployed and 17% have housing debts.




             Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                   LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
2. Municipality of Faro: Characteristics of Homeless People.

2.2. Ambifaro (2007), Study of the homeless population of the municipality of
    Faro


   Faro is no different from other cities in Portugal and the homeless situation is
   a visible reality. Under the Interregnum III A Programme (Guadiana III
   Project), Ambifaro conducted a study of the characteristics of the homeless
   population in the city, in order to increase knowledge of the issue and to
   create a foundation for identification of new forms of social intervention with
   this population.




              Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                      LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
2. Municipality of Faro: Characteristics of Homeless People.

2.2. Ambifaro (2007), Study of the homeless population of the municipality of
    Faro - Profile of the homeless.

• Mainly male and unmarried;
• Relatively young adults (aged 30 to 44);
• Most of Portuguese nationality;
• Most do not have local roots (they are from other districts in the country)
• Previously had a profession, but now unemployed. They currently earn money by assisting
vehicle parking and through begging, as strategies to earn sufficient for daily survival;
• They have poor education levels;
• Relatively recent experience of homelessness;
• They spend nights in abandoned buildings and the former mill;




              Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                    LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
2. Municipality of Faro: Characteristics of Homeless People.

2.2. Ambifaro (2007), Study of the homeless population of the municipality of
    Faro - Profile of the homeless (cont.)



•Reasons for their homelessness: Alcoholism/Drug Abuse; Unemployment; Financial
Problems; Family Problems;
• Most maintain contact with relatives;
• Most have already requested support from local institutions – particularly for financial
support, food and support for rehabilitation;
• Significant number have had legal problems.




              Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                    LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
2.3 Characteristics of the Homeless Population in the City of
Faro - 1st Half of 2008 – Active Cases
Social Action Department of Faro Municipal Council

Graph 1. Nationality                                               Figure 4



     9                                                                             Gender
                                                                         Male                          21
                                                                         Female                         4


                                                                   16 5
                                                                    Table

                       (3) Netherlands
                       (1) Moldova (1) UK         (1) Romania
                       (1) Russia   (1) Ukraine   (1) Czech Rep.          Age     Varies between 33 and 64
                                                                                  average age 50


    Portuguese                           Other Nationalities
            Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                   LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
      2.3 Characteristics of the Homeless Population in the City of
      Faro - 1st Half of 2008 – Active Cases

      Graph 2. Marital status
                                                       Table 6.

                                                       Labour Status
 20          16                                        Unemployed                          5
 15                                                    Long-term unemployed                15

 10                                                    Pensioner                           2
                         4
                   3                                   Other Situation                     3
  5                              1    1
                                                       Total                               25
  0


Unmarried.   Married   Div.     Widowed   Cohabiting   Table 7.

                                                       Main Source of Income
                                                       Car parking                         4
                                                       RSI                                 5
                                                       Pension                             2
                                                       Begging                             7

                                                       Odd jobs                            7
                                                       Total                               25


                   Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                              LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
  2.3 Characteristics of the Homeless Population in the City of
  Faro - 1st Half of 2008 – Active Cases

Table 8. Length of time as Homeless vs Length of Residence in the Municipality of
Faro




     Length of                                          Length of time as homeless
  residence in the
   municipality of
                                 Less than 1 year as   Between 1 year and    More than 5 years as    Other
        Faro                         homeless          5 years as homeless        homeless          situation   Total
       Less than 1 year                  6                     3                                                 9
  Between 1 year and 5 years                                  14                                                 14
      More than 5 years                                                               1                          1
     Always lived in Faro                                                             1                          1
           Total                         6                    17                      2                0         25




                   Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                            LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
       2.3 Characteristics of the Homeless Population in the City of
       Faro - 1st Half of 2008 – Active Cases


          1.3. Primary causes                                     1.4. Type of Support Provided

                                                                       • Food

            Unemployment               Mental                          • Clothing
        Precarious Employment         Problems                         • Hygiene
                                                                       • Accommodation
                                                                       • Rehabilitation
                                                                       • Integration into social welfare
Breakdown of Relations.                      Addictions                facilities (Homes, Cat, …)
with Family and Friends               (Alcohol and other Drugs)
                                                                       • Documents
                                                                       • Return to country of origin
                           Housing
                           Problems                                    • Mediation in Family
                                                                       Reconciliation


                     Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                           LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
2.3 Characteristics of the Homeless Population in the City of
Faro - 1st Half of 2008 – Active Cases

 1.4. Intervention Model (Good Practices)


      i)    Working Group for the Homeless Population (Coordination and
            Intersectoral Approach);

      ii)   Refectory/Shower Facilities (SCM and MAPS)

      iii) “Porto de Abrigo” Integration Community (CVP)

      iv) Temporary Housing Centre (MAPS)

      v) Food Bank - Algarve




            Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                  LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
     1. Municipality of Faro.
        1.4. Intervention Model (Good Practices)
1.    Working Group for the Homeless Population (Coordination and Intersectoral Approach)




     Given the Multiple factors and the Multidimensional nature of intervention with the
     Homeless, particularly with regard to the involvement of sectors and agents whose
     work converges towards configuration, minimisation of losses and/or
     overcoming/eradicating the phenomenon, the DAS/CMF created a working group for
     the Homeless Population (Discussion of Cases and Intervention Plan).




               Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                     LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
     1. Municipality of Faro.
        1.4. Intervention Model (Good Practices)
1.    Working Group for the Homeless Population (Coordination and Intersectoral Approach)

Objectives:

1. Horizontal and vertical coordination between the different agents, programmes
      and initiatives
2.     Elimination/Reduction of overlaps and redundancies, as well as gaps in attention
      (under/ over action)
3.     Dispute resolution and empowerment of the actions of those involved, by
      transmitting a vision of complementarity of actions and not opposition or threat
4.     Outlining of common criteria approved by the group for all interventions




               Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                     LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
 2.3 Characteristics of the Homeless Population in the City of
 Faro - 1st Half of 2008 – Active Cases
i) Working Group with the Homeless Population

                   Coordination and Intersectoral Approach
                                 PARTNERS

                                            JF Sé
                             ADZH                        JF S. Pedro
           CS Faro                                                   Protecção Civil

     HCF                                                                             PSP

                                            CMF
   IDT                                                                                 SEF

         IEFP                                                                  CDSS
                  C. PAROQUIAL
                  S. Pedro
                                                                   GATO
                  S. Luís
                  Sé                SCM             MAPS


             Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                   LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
     1. Municipality of Faro.
        1.4. Intervention Model (Good Practices)
1.    Working Group for the Homeless Population (Coordination and Intersectoral Approach)


 Methodology:

       The operationalisation of this group is achieved through a gateway that can be any of the
       components of the group (Parish, CDSS, Municipal Council, security forces, and others).

       The Social Action Department of the municipal council is informed, and coordinates notices of
       meetings and logistics. The notices of meetings (addressed to all partners) include
       identification of the homeless person for gathering any personal information available.

       After presentation of the case and depending on the dominant issue, a case manager is
       appointed and the responsibilities and tasks of the agents social involved are defined.

       The group has met monthly (and whenever necessary holds extraordinary meetings), and at
       the start of each meeting a review is made of the cases raised in the previous session.




               Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                     LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
2.3 Characteristics of the Homeless Population in the City of
Faro - 1st Half of 2008 – Active Cases

 1.4. Intervention Model (Good Practices)


      i)   Refectory/Shower Facilities (SCM)

           These social facilities are currently provided in the municipality by the Santa Casa
           da Misericórdia de Faro, although only very recently, and meals only cover lunches,
           with capacity for 24 seats and without any cooperation agreement. In addition there
           are Shower and Laundry Facilities.




           Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                 LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
      2.3 Characteristics of the Homeless Population in the City of
      Faro - 1st Half of 2008 – Active Cases

    1.4. Intervention Model (Good Practices)

ii)    “Porto de Abrigo” Integration Community (CVP)

Construction is taking place of the Portuguese Red Cross (Faro Delegation) facility which will be an
    Integration Community known as “Porto de Abrigo”, under the 5.6 Operational Programme for
    Employment, Training and Social Development measure of QCA III (POEFDS).

This is a social response that the Portuguese Red Cross intends to implement in the municipality and its
     main objective will be to provide temporary accommodation and responses for some of the basic
     needs of the floating, homeless population. This project includes the following actions:

•      Creation of a residence that can house the floating/homeless population without economic and
       social resources, for a limited period of time, with capacity for 16 people.
•      Creation of a Refectory, with an estimated capacity for 48 meals daily.
•      Creation of Laundry and Ironing Services, for care of clothes.




                  Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                        LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
2.3 Characteristics of the Homeless Population in the City of
Faro - 1st Half of 2008 – Active Cases
 1.4. Intervention Model (Good Practices)

iii) Temporary Housing Centre (MAPS)

The Aids Support Movement (Movimento de Apoio à Problemática da Sida) offers this social
    response in the municipality of Faro, with maximum capacity for 9 users, all through
    cooperation agreements. This institution contributes essentially to social development in
    connection with HIV/AIDS, drug abuse, sexuality and homelessness.

In the field of integration, it intends to increase the temporary accommodation capacity from 9 to 20
     places, to meet the existing demand, particularly the need for temporary accommodation
     among older people. This response includes an increase in the refectory, shower facility,
     laundry and personal care facilities offered (Plan of Activities for 2007).

A license application has been made for another Temporary Accommodation Centre, the Centro de
     Alojamento Temporário Guadiana, under the management of the Movimento de Apoio à
     Problemática da Sida, created under an application submitted to and promoted by the Faro
     Municipal Council, under the Interregnum III A Programme – Project Guadiana I and with an
     maximum accommodation capacity of 9 users and ideal capacity of 5 users.


           Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                  LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
   2.3 Characteristics of the Homeless Population in the City of
   Faro - 1st Half of 2008 – Active Cases
1.4. Intervention Model (Good Practices)
iv) Food Aid

In the municipality of Faro, in 2007, there were 34 associations/non-profit entities that organised the
     distribution of food products in particular through the recently created Algarve Food Bank (Banco
     Alimentar do Algarve - 2007) and the Food Aid Programme for the Needy (PCAAC - Programa de
     Ajuda Alimentar a Carenciados).

Of those 34 associations/non-profit entities, 24 received Aid from the Algarve Food Bank (managed by
     Associação Pró-Partilha do Algarve), and through PCAAC (managed by the Faro District Social
     Security Centre) 19 associations/entities received food in a 1st Stage of distribution and 15 in a 2nd
     stage.

The PCAAC can implement food aid as a beneficiary and/or agent, according to the data provided by
    Faro CDSS, and in 2007 931 users benefitted from the support in the 1st Stage through beneficiary
    entities, and around 8,945 users through intermediary entities, with a total of 9,876 users. In the 2ne
    stage 323 user benefitted from this support through beneficiary entities and 1,260 users through
    entities intermediary, totalling 2,060 users. The sum total for support through PCAAC in 2007 was
    11,936 support initiatives in the form of food for families/inhabitants of the municipality of Faro.


                Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                       LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION




 Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
       LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008
Annex A – List of entities

ADZH – Association of Development of Historical Areas
C. Paroquial – São Luis Parish Centre; São Pedro Parish Centre; Sé Parish Centre
CDSS – District Social Security Centre
CS Faro – Faro Health Centre
GATO – Substance Abuser Aid Group
HCF – Faro Central Hospital
IDT – Drug and Drug Abuse Institution
IEFP Institute for Employment and Vocational Training
JF S. Pedro – São Pedro Parish Council
JF Sé – Sé Parish Council
MAPS – Aids Support Movement
Civil Protection
PSP – Public Security Police
SCM – Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Faro
SEF – Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras (Border and Immigration Control Service)

               Integrated Intervention with the Homeless in the Municipality of Faro
                      LAPs & RAPs II - 2nd Peer Review - Prague, 3 October 2008

				
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