This is a product of Mr Essex of
the science department of
Dartford Technology College
• Hay + Men + O + Ac + Id.
• Amino acids are the basic units from which
proteins are made. There are at least 20
different amino acids.
• Art + M + I + Sin + Inn.
• Artemisinin is a substance that is extracted
from the leaves of a shrub called Artemisia
annua. It is widely used in China and
south-east Asia for th treatment of malaria.
• Back + Tear + I + A.
• Bacteria are microorganisms that lack a
distinct nucleus and other organelle found
in plant and animal cells.
• Bye + O + Technology.
• Biotechnology is the process where we
use cells and microorganisms to produce
• Bread + Ding.
• Breeding is the reproduction of offspring.
• Coal + E + Star + Hole.
• Cholesterol is an oily lipid which is a vital
component of cell membranes. High
cholesterol levels in the blood may mean
you are a high risk candidate for heart
• C + High + Mow + sin.
• Chymosin is one of the two protein
digesting enzymes in rennet. When added
to milk the chymosin causes the formation
• Sit + Trick + Ac + Id.
• Citric acid is a weak acid that is found
mainly in citrus fruits such as oranges,
lemons and limes.
• Hen + Z + Mine.
• Enzyme is protein catalyst that controls
the rate of the chemical reactions in the
body, such as digestion.
• E + Star.
• Esters are carbon compounds made from
the reactions between organic acids and
• F + Hics.
• Ethics is the study of values and customs
of the people. This includes the concepts;
right, wrong and responsibility.
• Fur + Men + Tea + Shine.
• Fermentation is when microorganisms
break down large molecules in the
absence of oxygen( anaerobic) to produce
• Fill + Tray + Shine.
• Filtration is the process where a liquid is
passed through a mesh or paper to
remove small particles.
• Ge + L + Inn + Agent.
• Gelling Agents are substances that are
added to thicken the food.
• Gene is a section of DNA which controls
the synthesis of a protein or part of a
• Jean + Net + Tic + Engine + Earring.
• Genetic Engineering is a technique that is
used to remove one organism and place
them in another.
• Genie + Tick + Alley + Mod + F + Hide.
• An organism that has had its characteristic
altered by genetic engineering is said to
be genetically modified.
• G + Gnome.
• Genome is the sequence of bases of all
the genetic material of an organism.
• G + Gnome + Hics.
• Genomics is the science of working out
the order of the bases of DNA which make
up the genome.
• Glue + Ta + Mike + Ac + Id.
• Glutamic acid is one of the amino acids.
• Herb + Bye + S + Hide.
• Herbicides are chemicals that are used to
• Inn + Sew + L + Inn.
• Insulin is the hormone that lowers the level
of glucose in the blood.
• Inn + V + Hurt + Hays.
• Invertase is an enzyme that catalyses the
transformation of sucrose into glucose and
• Lake + Tick + Ac + Id.
• Lactic acid is produced from lactic acid
bacteria when they ferment lactose in the
absence of oxygen (anaerobic respiration).
• Male + Hair + E + A.
• Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite
called plasmodium that is introduced to the
host by a mosquito. The person
experiences a regular cycle of fever and
• Microorganisms are so small they can only
be seen under a microscope.
• Obesity is a condition where a person’s
body mass index exceeds 30.
• Hole + Leg + O + Sack + Car + Hide.
• Oligosaccharides are carbohydrate
molecules formed from 3 to 10 sugar units.
• Park + Inn + Sun + Disease.
• Parkinson’s is a disease that affects the
control of muscle movements. There is a
lack of the neuromuscular transmitter
• Past + U + R + Eyes + Hay + Shine.
• Pasteurisation is the process of heating
food to reduce the numbers of harmful
• Pr + E + Bye + Hot + Ticks.
• Prebiotics are food which contain
oligosaccharides. These sugars are the
food for the good bacteria in the gut.
• Q + U + I + 9.
• Quinine is an antimalarial drug originally
extracted from the bark and leaves of the
• Re + Sis + Ants.
• Resistance is a process where disease
causing organisms can withstand the
action of drugs which previously would
have killed them.
• Sale + Eye + Sin.
• Salicin is a substance which was originally
extracted from the bark of willow trees. It
relieves pain and reduces fever. It can be
easily converted into salicylic acid, which
is more effective and can itself be
converted to acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin).
• Stem + Cells.
• Stem cells are the cells which can develop
and change into the different types of cell
by differentiation. Each body tissue
contains clusters of stem cells. These are
adult stem cells. The stem cells in
embryos are undifferentiated and are
called embryonic stem cells.
• Tax + Hole.
• Taxol comes from yew trees it is the base
for a new cancer drug. The taxol is
extracted from the bark of the pacific yew
• Toxin (whole thing) T + Ox + inn.
• Toxins come in many forms but they are
• V + E + C + Torn + N.
• Vector is a carrier of genes from the cells
of one organism to the cells of another
organism. This can be a diseases that’s
being carried. Example mosquito and
• Y + East.
• Yeast is a single celled fungus.