Biotechnology

					      Biotechnology
      Catch Phrase
This is a product of Mr Essex of
  the science department of
 Dartford Technology College
              Amino acid
• Hay + Men + O + Ac + Id.



• Amino acids are the basic units from which
  proteins are made. There are at least 20
  different amino acids.
               Artemisinin
• Art + M + I + Sin + Inn.

• Artemisinin is a substance that is extracted
  from the leaves of a shrub called Artemisia
  annua. It is widely used in China and
  south-east Asia for th treatment of malaria.
                Bacteria
• Back + Tear + I + A.

• Bacteria are microorganisms that lack a
  distinct nucleus and other organelle found
  in plant and animal cells.
            Biotechnology
• Bye + O + Technology.

• Biotechnology is the process where we
  use cells and microorganisms to produce
  useful substances.
                  Breeding
• Bread + Ding.

• Breeding is the reproduction of offspring.
               Cholesterol
• Coal + E + Star + Hole.

• Cholesterol is an oily lipid which is a vital
  component of cell membranes. High
  cholesterol levels in the blood may mean
  you are a high risk candidate for heart
  disease.
               Chymosin
• C + High + Mow + sin.

• Chymosin is one of the two protein
  digesting enzymes in rennet. When added
  to milk the chymosin causes the formation
  of curds.
                Citric Acid
• Sit + Trick + Ac + Id.

• Citric acid is a weak acid that is found
  mainly in citrus fruits such as oranges,
  lemons and limes.
                 Enzyme
• Hen + Z + Mine.

• Enzyme is protein catalyst that controls
  the rate of the chemical reactions in the
  body, such as digestion.
                 Ester
• E + Star.

• Esters are carbon compounds made from
  the reactions between organic acids and
  alcohol.
                  Ethics
• F + Hics.

• Ethics is the study of values and customs
  of the people. This includes the concepts;
  right, wrong and responsibility.
            Fermentation
• Fur + Men + Tea + Shine.

• Fermentation is when microorganisms
  break down large molecules in the
  absence of oxygen( anaerobic) to produce
  different substances.
                 Filtration
• Fill + Tray + Shine.

• Filtration is the process where a liquid is
  passed through a mesh or paper to
  remove small particles.
            Gelling Agent
• Ge + L + Inn + Agent.

• Gelling Agents are substances that are
  added to thicken the food.
                 Genes
• Jeans.

• Gene is a section of DNA which controls
  the synthesis of a protein or part of a
  protein.
        Genetic Engineering
• Jean + Net + Tic + Engine + Earring.



• Genetic Engineering is a technique that is
  used to remove one organism and place
  them in another.
        Genetically Modified
• Genie + Tick + Alley + Mod + F + Hide.

• An organism that has had its characteristic
  altered by genetic engineering is said to
  be genetically modified.
               Genome
• G + Gnome.

• Genome is the sequence of bases of all
  the genetic material of an organism.
              Genomics
• G + Gnome + Hics.

• Genomics is the science of working out
  the order of the bases of DNA which make
  up the genome.
            Glutamic Acid
• Glue + Ta + Mike + Ac + Id.

• Glutamic acid is one of the amino acids.
               Herbicide
• Herb + Bye + S + Hide.

• Herbicides are chemicals that are used to
  kill weeds.
                  Insulin
• Inn + Sew + L + Inn.



• Insulin is the hormone that lowers the level
  of glucose in the blood.
               Invertase
• Inn + V + Hurt + Hays.

• Invertase is an enzyme that catalyses the
  transformation of sucrose into glucose and
  fructose.
              Lactic Acid
• Lake + Tick + Ac + Id.

• Lactic acid is produced from lactic acid
  bacteria when they ferment lactose in the
  absence of oxygen (anaerobic respiration).
                 Malaria
• Male + Hair + E + A.

• Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite
  called plasmodium that is introduced to the
  host by a mosquito. The person
  experiences a regular cycle of fever and
  chills.
           Microorganisms
• Microorganisms.

• Microorganisms are so small they can only
  be seen under a microscope.
                 Obesity
• Obesity.

• Obesity is a condition where a person’s
  body mass index exceeds 30.
           Oligosaccharide
• Hole + Leg + O + Sack + Car + Hide.

• Oligosaccharides are carbohydrate
  molecules formed from 3 to 10 sugar units.
        Parkinson’s disease
• Park + Inn + Sun + Disease.

• Parkinson’s is a disease that affects the
  control of muscle movements. There is a
  lack of the neuromuscular transmitter
  dopamine.
            Pasteurisation
• Past + U + R + Eyes + Hay + Shine.

• Pasteurisation is the process of heating
  food to reduce the numbers of harmful
  microorganisms.
               Prebiotics
• Pr + E + Bye + Hot + Ticks.

• Prebiotics are food which contain
  oligosaccharides. These sugars are the
  food for the good bacteria in the gut.
                   Quinine
• Q + U + I + 9.



• Quinine is an antimalarial drug originally
  extracted from the bark and leaves of the
  Cinchona tree.
              Resistance
• Re + Sis + Ants.

• Resistance is a process where disease
  causing organisms can withstand the
  action of drugs which previously would
  have killed them.
                  Salicin
• Sale + Eye + Sin.

• Salicin is a substance which was originally
  extracted from the bark of willow trees. It
  relieves pain and reduces fever. It can be
  easily converted into salicylic acid, which
  is more effective and can itself be
  converted to acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin).
               Stem cells
• Stem + Cells.

• Stem cells are the cells which can develop
  and change into the different types of cell
  by differentiation. Each body tissue
  contains clusters of stem cells. These are
  adult stem cells. The stem cells in
  embryos are undifferentiated and are
  called embryonic stem cells.
                  Taxol
• Tax + Hole.

• Taxol comes from yew trees it is the base
  for a new cancer drug. The taxol is
  extracted from the bark of the pacific yew
  tree.
                  Toxin
• Toxin (whole thing) T + Ox + inn.

• Toxins come in many forms but they are
  all poisons.
                  Vector
• V + E + C + Torn + N.

• Vector is a carrier of genes from the cells
  of one organism to the cells of another
  organism. This can be a diseases that’s
  being carried. Example mosquito and
  malaria.
                   Yeast
• Y + East.

• Yeast is a single celled fungus.

				
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