Synonyms__Antonyms

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					SYNONYMS
----------------------------
Admonish = usurp (reprove)                   merry = gay
Alienate = estrange (isolate)                instigate = incite
Dispel = dissipate (dismiss)                 belief = conviction
Covet= crave (desire)                        belated = too late
Solicit = beseech (seek)                     brim = border
Subside = wane (drop)                        renounce= reject
Hover = linger (stay close)                  divulge = reveal
Heap = to pile (collect)                     adhesive = bonding agent
Veer = diverge (turn)                        hamper = obstruct
Caprice = whim (impulse)                     to merit= to deserve
Stifle = suffocate (smother)                 inert = passive
Latent = potential (inactive)                latitude = scope
Concur = acquiesce (accept)                  momentary = transient
Tranquil = serene (calm)                     overt = obvious
Lethargy = stupor (lazy)                     volume = quantity
Furtive= stealthy (secret)                   meager = scanty
Cargo = freight (load)                       baffle = frustrate
Efface = obliterate (wipe out)               misery = distress
Pretentious = ostentatious (affected)        discretion = prudence
Compunction = remorse (regret)               amiable = friendly
Cajole = coax (wheedle – sweet talk)         incentive = provocation
Embrace = hug (hold-cuddle)                  ovation = applause
Confiscate = appropriate (to take charge)    emancipate = liberate
Lament = mourn                               penitence = to repeat
Obstinate = stubborn                         acumen = exactness
Metamorphosis = transform                    scrutiny = close examination
Annihilate = to destroy                      fuse = combine
Whet = sharpen                               behest = request
Adage = proverb

TCS main Papers From Campus Recruitment at NIT Bhopal 003

You can refer to Barron’s most frequently used words list for a close recap.

Vocabulary Section:                   (Time : 28 mins)

Synonyms -



                                                                               1
1.Moribund – declining, dilapidated, waning
2.Repudiate – reject, disclaim, renounce, deny
3.Translucent – transparent, semi- transparent, lucid,
lucent, clear, see through
4. Mitigate- alleviates, lessen, ease, alley, tune down, dull,
Assuage
5. Inundate – flood, overwhelm, swamp, submerge
6. Bilk – deceive, trick, swindle, con
7.Nettle – annoy, irritate, vex
8.Impugn – hold responsible, charge, censure, accuse
9. Mulch
10.Tenacity – stubbornness, resolve, firmness, persistence,
insistence, determination
11.Sobriety – temperance, moderation, abstemiousness,
soberness
12.Degrade – shame, disgrace, mortify, humiliate
13.Hidebound - narrow-minded, conservative, prejudiced
14.Waif – stray, sole, thing
15.Hamper – basket, hinder
16.Retrograde – nostalgic, retrospective, traditional and
conservative
17.Despondent – hopeless, low, dejected
18.Debacle – disaster, tragedy, catastrophe
19.Nebulous – vague, hazy, unformulated, tenuous
20.Inconsistent – conflicting, contradictory, unreliable ,
incompatible, inhoherent
21.Paradox – inconsistency, irony, absurdity
Paper from Campus Recruitment in Jamshedpur 2003

synonym

1.   dwindle – decrease, decline, fall, fall off, drop, drop off
2.   efface - wipe out, obliterate, eradicate, destroy
3.   inept – incompetent, inexpert, clumsy
4.   infirmity - ill-health, sickness
5.   candid- open, frank
6.   dangle - hang, swing, sway



                                                                   2
Antonym

1.   Irksome * pleasant
2.   Jaunty * sorrowful, sad
3.   Nebulous * precise
4.   Misapprehension * comprehension * understanding
5.   Obese * thin
6.   Whimsical * ordinary

Paper from Campus Recruitment in NIT Durgapur
2003

Synonym and antonym

1.Harbinger – forerunner, portent, indication
2.Cacophony – dissonance, disharmony
3.Divulge – reveal, disclose
4.Clutch – grasp, grab, clasp, hold
5.Acronym – short form, contraction, ellipsis
6.Illustrious – memorable, well–known, famous
7.Prolific – productive, abundant
8.Divergent – different, deviating, conflicting
9.Jaded – world-weary, tired, lackluster, worn-out,
exhausted, bored, fed up
10. Mien – appearance, demeanor
11. Mitigate – alleviate, ease, lessen, soften, allay, moderate
12. Ambitious – determined, grand, striving
13. Aberration – deviation, abnormality, eccentricity,
oddness
14. Foray – raid, sortie, incursion, attack, venture
15. Denounce – condemn, accuse, criticize

Campus Recruitment in Calicut REC 1997

VERBAL SECTION: Directions for questions 1-15:Find the
synonyms of the following words.

Synonyms:     (Ref: Barron’s Synonyms and
Antonyms)

                                                              3
Ponderous – heavy, tedious, cumbersome
Mundane – ordinary, dull, monotonous, dreary
Icon – image, idol, emblem, symbol
Brackish – salty, briny
Mollify – placate, pacify, calm, appease, soothe
Depreciation – reduction, decline
Equanimity – composure, poise, calmness, self-control
Gist – general idea, substance, essence
Gaudy – garish, flashy, extravagant, loud, showy, colorful
Awry – skewed, crooked, wrong
Repartee – banter, joking, word play
Boisterous – energetic, animated
Ungainly – clumsy, awkward, ungraceful, miserly, mean, inelegant, gawky
Whimsical – fanciful, unusual, quirky, capricious
Asperity – roughness, severity, brusqueness
Cavil – quibble, complain, niggle, split hairs, carp
Quixotic – idealistic, romantic, dreamy, unrealistic, impracticable
Profound – deep, intense, thoughtful, reflective, philosophical, weighty,
insightful
Incorrigible - habitual, persistent, inveterate, hopeless
Musty – mildewed, moldy, stale, rank, fusty, stuffy
Waif – stray, thing, lose, urchin, orphan
Irk – displease, vex, annoy, trouble, bother, nag, rile
Interdict – prohibit, veto, injunction, bar, embargo
Cohere - hold together
Rupture - break
Moribund – dying, declining, waning
Décolleté – low necked, revealing
Callow – inexperienced, immature, youthful
Balmy – mild, clement, pleasant
recalcitrant – unruly, disobedient, obstinate, stubborn
guile – cunningness, deviousness, slyness, cleverness, wiliness, astuteness

Antonyms
1.Compose x disturb                   2.Pristine x sullied
3.Turbid x limpid                     4.Monetaryx non-economical
5.Revere x threaten                   6.Hamper      x facilitate
7.Transient   x permanence            8.Fascinate   x mundane
9.Fickle x loyal                      10.Contraband x legal goods


                                                                              4
11.Repellent x attractive      12.Slur x grace
13.Protean     x constant      14.Hidebound x broadminded
15.Precipitate x dilatory/contradictory

Sentence completion

A passage is given with multiple blanks. There was a passage abt
Artists,abt Money mgmt,abt Cleanliness……

SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS.

Censure – fault, criticize
Optimum – best, most favorable
Candid – frank, open, blunt, upfront, forth-right
Cite – quote, name, mention, refer to, allude to
Effusive – demonstrative, fussy, talkative, overenthusiastic, vociferous,
extroverted
Voluble – articulate, vociferous, talkative
Banal – commonplace, trivial, predictable, trite, hackneyed ,unoriginal
Standing – rank, permanent, position, duration, status, reputation, eminence
Nascent – budding, emerging, blossoming, embryonic
Clutch – grasp, grab, hold
Generic – general, basic, common
Empirical – experimental, pragmatic, practical
Anomaly – irregularity, glitch, difference
Circuitous – roundabout, twisty, meandering, indirect, winding, tortuous
Surveillance – observation, watch, shadowing
Objective – aim, impartial, real, purpose, goal
Raucous – rough, wild, hoarse, guttering
Voracious – insatiable, avid, hungry, big, rapacious, greedy
Pedigree – rare-breed, full-blooded, lineage
Fidelity – loyalty, reliability
Augment – supplement, boost, add to, bump up
Precarious – unstable, shaky, risky, uncertain
Derogatory – disparaging, critical, insulting, offensive
Onus – responsibility, burden, obligation, duty
Analogous - similar, akin, related
Expedient – measure, convenient, device, maneuver
Compliance – fulfillment, obedience
Diffident – shy, insecure, timid

                                                                               5
Plaintive – mournful, sad, melancholic, nostalgic, lamenting
Insinuate – imply, suggest, make-out, ingratiate yourself
Misdemeanor – wrong, sin, crime, offense
Exonerate – clear, forgive, absolve
Gregarious – outgoing, extroverted, sociable, expressive, unreserved
Benign – kind, benevolent, compassionate
Attenuate – satisfy, calm, soothe, ease
Sonorous – loud, deep, resonant, echoing
Bolster – boost, strengthen, reinforce, encourage
Heterodox – unorthodox, dissenting, contrary to accepted belief, heretical,
deviating
Restiveness – impatience, restlessness, nervousness
Effigy – image, statue, model
Retrograde – retrospective, traditional, conservative, nostalgic,forward-
looking(antonym)
Sacrosanct – sacred, holy, revered
Dangle – hang down, sway, droop, swing, suspend
Cryptic – mysterious, enigmatic, puzzling, hidden
Debilitate – incapacitate, weaken, hamper, encumber, hinder
Divulge – reveal, disclose
Spendthrift – wastrel, squanderer, compulsive shopper
Indigenous –native, original, local
Erroneous – mistaken, flawed, incorrect
Minion – follower, subordinate, underling, gofer
Veracity – reality, truth, sincerity

VERBAL REASONING

SYNONYMS:

1. CIRCUMSPECT
    (i) CONDITION (ii) INSPECT (iii) CAUTIOUS (IV) RECKLESS

2. ABYSMAL - terrible
   (i) SLIGHT (ii) DEEP (iii) ILLUSTRIOUS (iv) PROLIFIC

3. DILIGENT – hardworking, industrious, meticulous, careful
     (i) INTELLIGENT (ii)…..(iii)……(iv)……

4.VEHEMENT

                                                                              6
    (i) PASSIONATE (ii) CONFESY       (iii) NOISY (iv) MOQULIS

5) IMPETUS
     (i) CONNECT     (ii) CRUCIAL    (iii) STIMULUS (iv)
IMMEDIATE

6) ACRONYM
     (i) ABBREVIATION (ii) SIMILAR

7) DISSEMINATE
     (i) FORECAST (ii) SPREAD (iii) BRANSP

8) HARBINGER
     (i) NAVAL (ii) UNCOMMON (iii) FORE RUNNER (iv)
GLORY

ANTONYMS:

1) TRACTABLE
    (i) OBJECTIONABLE (ii) ENJOYABLE (iii) ADAPTABLE (iv)
OBSTINATE

2) COVERT
    (i) MANIFEST (ii) INVISIBLE (iii) SCARED (iv) ALTER

3) PENSIVE
     (i) REPENTENT    (ii) SAD   (iii) THOUGHTLESS    (iv)
CARELESS

4) MITIGATE
    (i) AGGRAVATE      (ii) RELIEVE (iii) ELEMINATE     (iv)
EXHUMAN

5) DIVERGENT
     (i) CONTRARY          (ii) COMING TOGETHER
     (iii) CONVERSANT      (iv) CONTROVERSY

6) DOGMATIC
     (i) SCEPTICAL (ii) RESILIENT (iii) STUBBORN (iv)
SUSPICIOUS

                                                                 7
7) CLUTCH
      (i) HOLD     (ii) GRAB (iii) RELEASE     (iv) SPREAD

8) MOTLEY
     (i) BULKY (ii) SPECKLED         (iii) HOMOGENEOUS       (iv)
DIFFERENT

9) RELINQUISH
      (i) PURSUE     (ii) VANQUISH     (iii) DESTROY     (iv)
DEVASTATE

10) TRANSIENT
      (i) PERMANENT           (ii) REMOVED




Papers From Campus Recruitment at NIT Bhopal 2003
You can refer to Barron’s most frequently used words list for
a close recap.
Vocabulary Section: Work out the synonyms,
antonyms of: -(time 28 mins)
1. Physiognomy                     2. Repudiate
3. Translucent                     4. Mitigate
5. Inundate                        6. Bilk
7. Nettle                          8.Impugn
9.Mulch                            10. Tenacity
11. Sobriety                       12. Degrade
13. Misanthrope                    14.Waif
15.Hamper                          16.Retrograde
17.Despondent                      18. Debacle
19.Tarry                           21.Incontinent.
22.Nebulous                        23.Paradox
24.Hidebound                       25.Lacklustre
26.Moribund.

Paper from Campus Recruitment in Jamshedpur 2003
synonym

                                                                    8
dwindle                           efface
indiginity                        inept
infirmity                         candid
dangle

Antonym
restivness                        Irksome
Jaunty                            Nebulous
Misapprehension                   Obese
Obloguy

Paper from Campus Recruitment in NIT Durgapur
2003
Synonym and antonym
Harbinger
Cacophony
Divulge
Clutch
Acronym
Illustrious
Prolific
Divergent
Jaded
Miet
Mitigate
Ambitious
Aberration
Transient(an)-permanence
Buxom
Foray
Denounent
One student got 7-8 words starting with “A” from high
frequency word list.(barron’s guide)

Campus Recruitment in Jadavpur university1999
SECTION I VOCABULARY (SYNONYMS) TIME :15 Min.
MARKS: 20.
DIRECT ANSWERS :

                                                        9
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Freshersworld.com
Admonish : usurp                        Meager :scanty
Alienate : estrange                     Merry : gay
Brim : Boarder                          obstinate : stubborn
Pretention:pretentioius                 Tranquil:serene
solicit : urge                          subside : wane
furtive :stealthy                       misery : disstress
volume :quantity                        veer : diverge
stifle : suffocate, suppress, choke
adhesive : bonding agent, glue, gum
Hamper : obstruct                       belief : conviction
lament : wail                           to merit :to deserve
incentive : motivation, encouragement, spur
inert: passive                          Baffle : Frustrate
Confiscate : appropriate                Covet : crave
Caprice : whim                          Concur :acquiesce
Cargo :freight                          Dispel : Scatter
Divulge : reveal, disclose              Discretion: prudence
Emancipate : liberate                   Efface : obliterate
Hover : linger                          Heap : to pile
Instigate : incite                      latitude : scope
latent : potential                      lethargy : stupor
momentary : transient


Campus Recruitment in Calicut REC 1997
VERBAL SECTION
Directions for questions 1-15:Find the synonyms of the
following words Freshersworld.com
1. Merry                        Ans. Gay,Happy
2. Alienate                     Ans. Estrange
3. Solicit                      Ans. To request
4.Heap                          Ans. To pile
5.Cargo                         Ans. Freight
6.Momentary                     Ans. Transient
7. Volume                       Ans.Quantity
8.Veer                          Ans.Diverge

                                                                    10
9.Dispel                        Ans.Dissipate
10.Admonish                     Ans.Cautious
11.Meager                       Ans.Scanty
12.Latitude                     Ans.Scope
13.Latent                       Ans.Potential
14.Covet                        Ans.Crave
15.Discretion                   Ans. Prudence
Papers Got from Students Who gone for Campus
Interviews
VERBAL SECTION
Directions for questions 1-15:Find the synonyms of the
following words Freshersworld.com
1. Depreciation
Ans. Deflation, Depression, Devaluation, fall, slump in value
2. Deprecate
Ans. Feel and express disapproval of
3. Incentive
Ans. Thing one encourages a person to do something
4. Echelon
Ans. Level of authority or responsibility
5. Innovation
Ans.To make changes or introduce new things
6. Intermittant
Ans. Externally stopping and then starting
7. Detrimental
Ans.Harmful
8. Aberration
Ans. Deviation
9. Conciliation
Ans.To make less angry or more friendly
10. Orthodox
Ans.Conventional or superstitious
11. Fallible
Ans.Liable to err
12. Volatile
Ans.Ever changing
13. Manifestion
Ans.Clear or obvious

                                                            11
14. Connotation
Ans. Suggest in addition to the fundamental meaning
15. Reciprocal
Ans. Reverse, Opposite
Verbal :(ref Barrons) (Synonyms and Antonyms)
Freshersworld.com
Ponderous                       Hamper
Nebulous                        Mundane
Icon                            Brackish
Mollify                         Deprecation
Equanimity                      Transient
Miet                            Gist
Gaudy                           Contraband(ant)
Repellant(ant)                  Awry
Goltish                         Frugality-Economy
Repartee                        Boisterous
Ungainly                        Whimsical(ant&syn)
Asperity                        Cavil
Quixotic                        Profound
Incorrigible                    Musty
Waif                            Irk
Interdict-prohibit              Cohere-hold together
Rupture-break                   Moribund-dying
Décolleté-low necked            Callow-youthful
Repugnane                       Compose x disturb
Pristine x sullied              Turbid x limpid
Precipitate x dilatory/contradictory

Freshersworld.com
Revere x threaten             Hamper x facilitate
Slur x                        Protean x
Fascinate x mundane           Fickle x loyal
Synergy x                     Hidebound
Monetary
Incompatible Choices-Indifferent, Faulty
Sentence completion
A passage is given with multiple blanks.


                                                       12
There was a passage abt Artists,abt Money mgmt,abt
Cleanliness……


SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS.

WHIMSICAL                        CENSURE.
OPTIMUM.                         MISAPPREHENSION.
CANDID                           TORSE.
CITE.                            EFFUSIVE.
IRRADIATE.                       TENACIOUS
VOLUBLE.                         BANAL.
RUPTURE.                         STANDING.
NASCENT.                         TRANSIENT.
CLUTCH.                          GENERIC.
EMPIRICAL.                       ANOMALY.
CIRCUITOUS.                      HAMPER.
SURVEILLANCE.                    OBJECTIVE.
RAUCOUS.                         VORACIOUS.
PEDIGREE.                        FIDELITY.
AUGMENT.                         PRECARIOUS.
TRANSIENT.                       ALACRITY.
DEROGATORY.                      ONUS.
ANALOGUE.                        EXPEDIENT.
ANALOGOUS.                       ASSUAGE.
COMPLIANCE.                      IRRADIATE.
DIFFIDANT.                       PLAINTIVE.
INCINUATE.                       MISDEMEANOR.
EXONERATE.                       GREGARIOUS.
ANATHEMATIZE.                    BENIGN.
ATTENUATE.                       SONOROUS.
BOLSTER.                         DIVERGENT.
DECOLLATE                        HETERODOX
RESTIVENESS                      IGNONIMOUS.
PLAGARIOUS.                      EFFIGY.
TENACIOUS.                       RETROGADE.
SACROSANCT.                      DANGLE.
ANOMALY.                         CRYPTIC.

                                                     13
DEBILIATE.                          DIVULGE.
SCEPTIC.                            SPENDTHRIFT.
INDIGENOUS.                         ERRONIUS.
RUPTURE.                            MINION.
VERACITY.

balmy-mild                          recalcitrant-stubborn
guile-deci                          Ponderous
Hamper                              Nebulous
Mundane                             Icon
Brackish                            Mollify
Deprecation                         Equanimity
Transient                           Mite
Gist                                Gaudy
Contraband (ant)                    Repellant (ant)
Awry                                Coltish
Frugality-Economy                   Repartee
Boisterous                          Ungainly
Whimsical (ant&syn)                 Asperity
Cavil                               Quixotic
Profound                            Incorrigible
Musty                               Waif
Irk                                 Interdict-prohibit
Cohere-hold together                Rupture-break
Moribund-dying                      Décolleté-low necked
Callow-youthful                     Repugnance

Compose x disturb                    Pristine x sullied
Turbid x limpid
Precipitate x dilatory/contradictory
Revere x threaten                    Hamper x facilitate
Slur x                               Protean x
Fascinate x mundane                  Fickle x loyal
Synergy x                            Hidebound
Monetary
Incompatible Choices-Indifferent, Faulty




                                                            14
VERBAL REASONING

SYNONYMS:
---------------
1. CIRCUMSPECT
(i)CONDITION (ii)INSPECT (iii)CAUTIOUS
(IV)RECKLESS
2. ABYSMAL
1.SLIGHT 2.DEEP
3. ILLUSTRIOUS
4. PROLIFIC
5. DILIGENT
1.INTELLIGENT 2.....
6. VEHEMENT
1.PASSIONATE 2.CONFESY 3.NOISY 4.MOQULIS
7. IMPETUS
1.CONNECT 2. CRUCIAL 3.STIMULUS 4. IMMEDIATE
8. ACRONYM
1. ABBREVIATION 2. SIMILAR
9. DISSEMINATE
1.FORECAST 2.SPREAD 3.BRANSP
10. HARBINGER
1.NAVAL 2. UNCOMMON 3.FORE RUNNER 4.GLORY

ANTONYMS:
-----------------
11. TRACTABLE
1.OBJECTIONABLE 2.ENJOYABLE 3.ADAPTABLE
4.OBSTINATE
12. COVERT
1.MANIFEST 2.INVISIBLE 3.SCARED 4.ALTER
13. PENSIVE
1.REPENTENT 2.SAD 3. THOUGHTLESS 4.CARELESS ANS: 3
14. MITIGATE
1.AGGRAVATE 2.RELIEVE 3.ELEMINATE 4.EXHUMAN
15. DIVERGENT
1.CONTRARY 2.COMING TOGETHER 3.CONVERSANT
4.CONTROVERSY

                                                 15
16. DOGMATIC
1.SCEPTICAL 2.RESILIENT 3.STUBBORN 4.SUSPICIOUS
17. CLUTCH
1. HOLD 2. GRAB 3.RELEASE 4.SPREAD
18. MOTLEY
1.BULKY 2. SPECKLED 3.HOMOGENEOUS 4.DIFFERENT
19. RELINQUISH
1.PURSUE 2.VANQUISH 3.DESTROY 4.DEVASTATE
20. TRANSIENT
1.PERMANENT 2.REMOVED



20- 26
FILL IN THE APPROPRIATE SENTENCES BETWEEN THE
PASSAGE

27-32
READ THE PASSAGE AND ANSWER THE QUESTION

                          cabulary for TCS test

   Word                     Meaning                   Synonyms         Antonyms
Abysmal        Adj. Bottomless Use : His         Terrible, awful,     Superb
               arrogance is exceeded only        dreadful, appalling,
               by his abysmal ignorance          very bad,
acronym        n. A word formed by the           Contraction,
               initial letters of a multi-word   ellipsis,
               name
admonish       v. warn strongly, reprove         Reprove,            Approve
               Use: He admonished his            reprimand, chide,
               listeners to change their         rebuke, usurp
               wicked ways
Circumspect    v. Investigation before acting,   Cutious, prudent,   reckless
               Use: She tried always to be       careful, guarded,
               circumspect                       wary, judicious,
                                                 vigilant,
Conciliation   n. the act of placating           Appeasement,        Incitement


                                                                         16
                                               pacification,
                                               propitiation
Connotation   n. Suggested or implied          Nuance,
              meaning of an expression.        suggestion,
              Use: Foreigners frequently       implication,
              are unaware of the               undertone,
              connotations of the words        overtone, subtext,
              they use.
covert        Adj. secret or hidden, not       Clandestine,         Open
              openly practiced or vowed n.     concealed, stealthy,
              a covering that serves to        underground,
              conceal or shelter something     copse, wood,
              Use: Investigations of CIA       thicket
              reveal that such covert
              operations can get out of
              control
Covetous      Adj. avaricious, eagerly         envious, jealous,     Generous,
              desirous of Use: The child       desirous, greedy      temperate
              was covetous by nature and
              wanted to take the toys
              belonging to his classmates
Deprecate     v. express disapproval of,       Denounce, deplore, Approve
              protest against, belittle Use:   condemn, censure,
              A firm believer of old-          denigrate, decry,
              fashioned courtesy, Miss         belittle.
              Post, deprecated the modern
              tendency to address new
              acquaintances by their first
              names.
Diligence     n. care and perseverance in      Hard-working,         Laziness,
              carrying out tasks. Use : Her    assiduousness,        carelessness,
              employers were greatly           meticulousness,       negligence
              impressed by her diligence       conscientiousness,
              and offered her a partnership    painstakingness
              in the firm
Discretion    n. ability to adjust action to   Prudence, caution,    Indiscretion
              circumstances Use: Use your      acumen,
              discretion in this matter and    predilection,
              do not discuss the matter with   sagacity, wariness,
              anyone.                          volition

                                                                         17
dispel        v. scatter, drive away, cause    Disperse              Attract
              to vanish Use: The bright
              sunlight eventually dispelled
              the morning mist
Dissemination v. Opening to public             Broadcasting,
              discussion or debate, the act    diffusion,
              of spreading something,          propagation,
              Use:By their use of the
              internet, propagandists, have
              been able to disseminate their
              pet doctrines to new
              audiences around the globe
Dogmatic      Adj. Opinionated Use: We         Arbitrary, doctrinal, Flexible
              tried to discourage him from     unbending,
              being so dogmatic, but           inflexible,
              nothing could convince him       authoritarian,
              that his opinions might be
              wrong
echelon       n. A body of troops arranged     Level, stratum,
              in a line                        rank, height
fallible      Adj. Liable to err. Use: I       Imperfect, unsound, Perfect
              Know I am fallible, but I feel   mortal, weak, frail,
              confident that I am right this
              time
Harbinger     n. an indication of the          Forerunner, herald,
              approach of something or         potent, omen,
              someone, forerunner v. fore
              shadow or presage Use: The
              crocus is an early harbinger
              of spring
illustrious   Adj. Widely known and            Memorable, well-      Inglorious,
              esteemed                         known, famous         shameful
impetus       n. A force that moves            Momentum, thrust,     inertia
              something along, incentive,      motivation
              stimulus Use: A new federal
              highway program would
              create jobs and will give
              added impetus to our
              economic recovery


                                                                         18
Intermittent  Adj. Periodic Use: The            Alternating,          Constant
              outdoor wedding reception         sporadic
              had to be shifted indoor to
              avoid the intermittent
              showers that fell on and of all
              afternoon.
Latent        Adj. Potentially existing, but    Dormant,              Overt
              not presently evident or          embryonic,
              realized Use: Polaroid            suppressed,
              pictures are popular at the       undeveloped,
              parties because you can see
              the latent photographic image
              gradually appear before your
              eyes
Latitude      n. freedom from narrow            Leeway, freedom,
              limitations Use: I think you      autonomy, liberty,
              have permitted your son too       room, rope
              much latitude in this manner
Manifestation n. outward demonstration,         Sign,
              indication Use: Mozart’s          demonstration,
              early attraction to the           expression,
              harpsichord was the first         symptom,
              manifestation of his
              pronounced musical bent
mitigate      v. lessen or try to lessen the    Appease, alleviate,   Aggrevate,
              seriousness or extent of Use:     allay, assuage,       exacerbate
              Nothing he could do to            mollify, extenuate,
              mitigate her anger, she           palliate
              refused to forgive him
motley        Adj. Multicolored or mixed        Assorted, diversed,   Uniform,
              Use: he wore a motley tunic,      mixed, dissimilar,    homogenous,
              red and green and blue and                              monochrome
              gold all patched together
              haphazardly
pensive       Adj. Dreamily thoughtful,         Brooding,
              thoughtful with a hint of         pondering,
              sadness Use: The pensive          meditative,
              lover gazed at the portrait of    contemplative
              his beloved and sighed
              deeply.

                                                                          19
prolific      Adj. Abundantly fruitful        Productive,            Unproductive,
             Use: She was a prolific          abundant, fecund       scarce
             writer, who produced as
             meany as three books a years
relinquish   v. give up something with        Surrender,         Vanquish,
             reluctance, yield Use: once      renounce, abandon, retain,
             you get used to fringes like     repudiate, cede,
             expense account meal and
             company car, it is very
             difficult to relinquish them
solicit      v. request earnestly, seek       Importune, implore, Grant
             Use: The Mayor telephoned        crave, beseech,
             all the member of the city
             council to solicit their votes
tractable    Adj. Docile, easily managed,     Obedient, dutiful,     Disobedient,
             susceptible to suggestion        well-mannered          intractable
             Use: Although Susan seemed
             to be a tractable young
             woman, she had a stubborn
             streak of independence
veer         v. change in direction Use:      Turn, swerve
             After what seemed to be en
             eternity, the wind veered to
             the east and the storm abated
Vehement     Adj. Forceful, intensely         Fervent, passionate, Apathetic
             emotional; with marked vigor
             Use: He became so
             Vehement in describing what
             had happened with him that
             he started jumping up and
             down
Caprice      n. whim, a sudden desire.        Whim, impulse,
             Use: She was an                  quirk, fad, fancy,
             unpredictable creature, acting   notion
             on caprice, never taking
             thought of consequences
stifle       v. suppress, extinguish,         Smother,               Let out
             inhibit Use: Halfway through     asphyxiate, choke,
             the boring picture, Laura        suffocate, strangle,


                                                                         20
                gave up trying to stifle he       curb, restrain,
                yawns.                            repress,
concur          v. agree Use: Did you concur      Agre, harmonize,     Conflict,
                with the decision of the court    coincide, assent,    resist
                or did you find it unfair?        acquiesce
lethargy        v. lack of vitality or energy     Stupor, indolence,   Get-up-and-
                Use: A complete days work         weariness            go
                left him in a state of lethargy
Furtive         Adj. stealthy, sneaky, secret     Surreptitious,       open
                and sly or sordid Use:            clandestine
                noticing the furtive glance the
                customer gave the diamond
                bracelet on the counter, the
                jeweler wondered whether he
                had a potential shoplifter in
                his hands
efface          v. wipe out or make dim Use:      Obliterate,          Engrave
                The coin had been handled so      eradicate,
                many times that its date had
                been effaced
Pretentious     Adj. Intended to attract notice   Ostentatious,      Down-to-
                and impress others, making        pompous, conceited earth
                unjustified claims,
                overambitious Use: The other
                prize winner isn’t wearing her
                medal.; isn’t it a bit
                pretentious of you to wear
                yours?
compunction     n. a feeling of deep regret       Regret, scruple,
                (usually of some misdeed)         qualm, guilt,
                Use: The judge was                reluctance,
                especially sever in his           hesitation,
                sentencing as the criminal
                had shown no compunction
                for his heinous crime
confiscate

1] Depreciation = deflation,depression,devaluation,fall,slump
2] Depricate = feel and express disapproval


                                                                           21
3] Incentive = thing one encourages one to do
4] Echelon = level of authority or responsibility
5] Innovation = make changes or introduce new things
6] Intermittant = externally stopping and then starting
7] Detrimental = harmful
8] Mesotiate = ...
9] Conciliation = make less angry or more friendly
10] Orthodox = conventional or superstitious
11] Fallible = liable to err
12] Volatile = ever changing
13] Manifestion = clear or obvious
14] Connotation =
15] Reciprocal = reverse, opposite
16] Agrarian = related to agriculture
17] Vacillate = undecided or dilemma
18] Experdent = fitting proper , desirable
19] Simulate = produce artificially resembling an existing one
20] Access = to approach
21] Compensation= salary
22] Truncate = shorten by cutting
23] Adherance = stick
24] Heterogenous = non-similar things
25] Surplus = excessive
26] Assess = determine the amount or value
27] Cognezance = knowledge
28] Retrospective = review
29] Naive = innocent , rustic
30] Equivocate = tallying on both sides
31] Postulate = frame a theory
32] Latent = dormant, secret
33] Fluctuate = wavering
34] Eliminate = to reduce
35] Affinity = strong liking
36] Expedite = hasten
37] Console = to show sympathy
38] Adversary = opposition
39] Affable = lovable, approachable
40] Decomposable = rotten
41] Agregious = apart from crowd, especially bad
42] Conglomeration = group

                                                                 22
43] Aberration = deviation
44] Erudite = wise, profound
45] Augury = prediction
46] Credibility = ability to common belief, quality of being credible
47] Coincident = incidentally
48] Constituent = accompanying
49] Differential = having or showing or making use of
50] Distention = act out, stretching out ,swelling out
51] Litigation = engaging in a law suite
52] Moratorium = legally or officially determined period of delay before the
fulfillment of the agreement or payment of debts
53] Negotiate = discuss or bargain
54] Preparation = act of preparing
55] Preponderant = superiority of power or quality
56] Relevance = quality of being relevant
57] Apparatus = appliance
58] Ignorance = blindness or inexperience
59] Obsession = complex enthusiasm
60] Precipitate = Quicken.


Synonyms
   1) Choleric         = Hot Tempered, Irritate
   2) Waif             = Urchin, Abandoned Person
   3) Florid           = Ornate, Showy
   4) Servility        = Surrender
   5) Tepid            = Luke warm, Half hearted
   6) Melee            = Fight, Combat
   7) Aplomb           = Self-confidence, composure
   8) Mawkish          = Over emotional, weepy
   9) Voracious        = Hungry, eager, greedy
   10)         Cliché                = Commonplace, Truism
   11)         Pithy         = Strong
   12)         Celibacy      = Chastity, State of not being married

                                                                          23
13)   Retrograde = Worsen, Move backward
14)   Foil        = metal sheet, Layer of aluminum paper
15)   Chaste            = Pure, Modest
16)   Furtive           = Secret, Stealthy
17)   Paradox     = Contradiction
18)   Alacrity    = Eagerness, Readiness
19)   Remiss            = Careless
20)   Repartee    = Witty Report
21)   Mundane     = Normal
22)   Moribund    = Dying, Expiring
23)   Banal       = Stale, Common place, Usual
24)   Tarry       = Delay
25)   Misapprehension = Improper Understanding
26)   Cleft       = Split
27)   Virulent    = Poisonous, Dangerous
28)   Indulgent   = Obliging, Complaint
29)   Tantamount = Equivalent
30)   Repudiate   = Reject, Deny, Renounce
31)   Reprobate   = Degenerate
32)   Acclivity   = an upward slope
33)   Baneful     = Destructive, Harmful
34)   Chide       = Scold
35)   Circuitous = Indirect in action or language
36)   Churlish    = Brutish, Cruel, Rude
37)   Latitude    = Freedom, Liberty
38)   Jettison    = throw away, get rid of
                            Antonyms

                                                           24
  1) Mollify× Enrage, Provoke   Inundate    × Drain
  2) Equanimity× Agitation      Gauche      × Tactful
  3) Exhume× Inter              Baleful     × Beneficent
  4) Anathematize× Bless        Enigmatic   × Unambiguous
  5) Pariah× Idol               Turbid      × Limpid

timid - lack of self confidence
VORACIOUS -ravenous, glutonous, insatiable, avid,
hungry, greedy
awry-crooked
Irksome -annoying, tiresome,exaspirating
remonstrate - protest;
whimsical -capricious, un-predictable, unusual
retrograde -move backward,degenerate.
veracious - truthfull
glib - fluent
rubble - broken stone.
quixotic - extravagantly idealistic; impractical
ameliorate - improve
misanthrope - hater of humanity, pessimist
platitude - trite remark
Foray -raid,incursion,venture,sortie,attack,assault
scatny - meager,insufficient
Frugality - Economy
multilingal - many languages
arid - dry
cognizant - knowledge
latitude - freedom from narrow limitations
inimical - adverse,hostile
cliche - trite _expression




                                                            25
                           Verbal

ACUMEN               MORTIFY              ABODE
    a. exactness         a. make a cavity      a. clay
    b. potential         b. displease          b. obstacle
    c. shrewdness        c. humiliate          c. dwelling
    d. bluntness         d. relapse            d. bind
    e. None of these     e. murder             e. to beguile

BEHEST                ADAGE                  POTENTIAL
     a. behavior          a. advice               a. latent
     b. hold down         b. proverb              b. hysterical
     c. hold up           c. enlargement          c. conventional
     d. relieve           d. advantage            d. symmetrical
     e. condemn           e. usage                e. conscientious

DISCRETION            TO DISPEL              EXTRICATE
     a. prudence           a. to dissipate        a. terminate
     b. consistency        b. to dissent          b. isolate
     c. precipice          c. to distort          c. liberate
     d. disturbance        d. to disfigure        d. simplify
     e. distemper          e. to dissect          e. frustrate

ORDAIN                ERRATIC                DISPARITY
     a. arrange           a. unromantic            a. inequality
     b. command           b. free                  b. impartiality
     c. contribute        c. popular               c. unfairness
     d. establish         d. steady                d. twist
     e. control           e. unknown               e. None of these

FLORID                TO MERIT               TO CONFISCATE
     a. ornate            a. to embrace           a. to harass
     b. thriving          b. to devote            b. to repulse
     c. artistic          c. to deserve           c. to console
     d. elegant           d. to combine           d. to appropriate
     e. None of these     e. to display           e. to congregate
PENITENCE             RAPT                   PIOUS
      a. liking              a. lively               a. historic
      b. insightful          b. concealed            b. devout


                                                                   26
        c. attractive         c. engrossed             c. multiple
        d. penetrable         d. prototype             d. fortunate
        e. compunction        e. None of these         e. authoritative

WHET                     TO HEAP                 LETHARGY
        a. stimulate          a. to pile              a. reminiscence
        b. humorous           b. to forbid            b. category
        c. inculate           c. to proceed           c. fallacy
        d. dampen             d. to share             d. unanimity
        e. None of these      e. to stoop             e. stupor

INCENTIVE                CAJOLE                  CARGO
     a. reflex               a. coax                  a. cabbage
     b. amplitude            b. motivate              b. camel
     c. inflection           c. profound              c. lance
     d. provocation          d. mollify               d. freight
     e. escutcheon           e. evade                 e. flax

LATITUDE                 OVULATE                 OVATION
     a. scope                a. penury                a. oration
     b. segment              b. immunize              b. gesture
     c. globule              c. fertilize             c. emulation
     d. legislature          d. reproduce             d. applause
     e. lamentation          e. incisions             e. nourish




Syno:




                                                                          27
SYNONYMS & ANTONYMS                                                          28


Pillage – steal , loot , plunder             Cleft - split , crack
Incesment –                                  Brazen - bold , shameless
Awry - skewed , twisted , crooked            Remiss – careless , negligent
Defection – desertion                        Ensue - follow
Avid - keen , eager
Rupidiate Repudiate - reject,deny            Gauche - clumsy, vulgar
Intrinsic - essential                        Gaudy – flashy , showy
Hidebound – narrow minded                    Incognitent -
Intermittent – irregular,broken              Clastrophobia - fear
Contraband – illegal trade                   Pagm concealed rapt
Voracious – avid,hunger,greedy               Seedy – sleazy,seamy
Omniscience – knowing all                    Diatribe – attack,criticism
Slack - loose, relaxed                       Felicitous – fortunate,luck
Relish – enjoy,savor
Aloofness – unfriendliness, remoteness
Ambiguity – unknown Pattry
Baleful – threatening, malevolent Pattry
Baleful – threatening, malevolentLapidarian
Gambol – skip
High handed – dominant,imperious
Retrospection - perception
Antithe
Pagan
Genuflect – kneel,bow                  coerce – force,compel
Indubitably – undoubtedly, certainly Extraneous – irrelevant , unrelated
Corpulent – fat,pump                   Transient – momentary
Spurious – false,fake                  Whimsical - fancy
Braggadocio -
Chimerical
Callow – inexperience,naïve            Menial – unskilled,boring
Indigenous – native,original
Ambiguity
Foil – frustrate,halt

Antonyms:

Awry
Consensus * disagreement
Retrograde * forward looking
Galleon

                                                                             28
SYNONYMS & ANTONYMS                                          29


Chide * praise          Depravity * goodness,righteousness
Paradox * consistency   Stilted * natural
Levity * gravity
Fritty
Genry

Synonym
  1. Insimate                       Banal
  2. misdemeanour                   bombastic
  3. tenacious                      repellent
  4. ensue                          reprobate
  5. acerbity                       gambol
  6. ameliorate                     confiscate
  7. quixotic                       foray
  8. fidelity                       inimical
  9. stoic                          haggard
  10.cacophony                      discord
  11.fledgling                      incongruous
  12.ingenious                      estrange
  13.clandestine
  Antonym
  1. loutish                        prevaricate
  2. Hilary                         admonition
  3. boonish                        dangle
  4. spur                           apex
  5. aplomb                         veracious
  6. cliché                         muggy
  7. bouillon                       incocus
  8. proximity                      indement
  9. whimsical                      distal
  10.transient                      predominant
  11.mockish                        misanthrope
  12.miscanprehencia                doltish
  13.mullet                         gadfly
  14.ignominious                    hidebound
  15.reticence                      tantamount




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