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Draft_Resolution

VIEWS: 7 PAGES: 9

									Global Model United Nations 2011                                                 MA/65/Ple/DR.1



                          General Assembly                                             Distr.: Limited

                                                                                           31 July 2011
                                                                                     Original: English
Sixty-fifth session
Plenary meeting
Agenda item: Sustainable Development: Advancing Human Progress in Harmony with Nature
Sponsors: Bolivia, China, Cuba, Iran, Indonesia, Hungary, Japan, Nigeria, Norway, Solomon Island,
South Africa, Sudan, United States of America, Brazil, Fiji
  The General Assembly,


<Preamble>
          Recalling former resolutions related to adult education and lifelong education, (Japan)


          And also recalling the declaration of United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable
Development in 2003, (Japan)


          Recalling the resolution of the Kyoto Protocol on the United Nations Framework
Convention on Climate Change, establishing new framework on it, further 22 April as International
Mother Earth Day, 22 March as the world for water, 20 December 2006 as International Year of
Forests, all of which were designated to be aware of the significance of nature, (Sudan)


         Recalling its resolution on Harmony with nature by which it designated 22 April as
International Mother Earth Day, (Solomon)


         Recalling also that establishing the basis for a new global partnership for sustainable
development, Member States have acknowledged their common but differentiated responsibilities in
respect of global environmental degradation as stated in Principle 7 of the Rio Declaration on
Environment and Development, (Solomon)


         Recalling further that Principle 6 states that the special situation and needs of developing
countries, particularly the least developed and those most environmentally vulnerable, shall be given
special priority, (Solomon)
          Recalling the importance of cooperation within an international society to reserve our
beautiful nature, (Iran)


          Reaffirming the equal state sovereignty, (Bolivia)


          Reaffirming the Rio Declaration on Environment and development (1992), Agenda21, the
Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development (2004), and in 2012 the Rio20 held on
Sustainable Development, (Sudan)


 Reaffirming that environmental destruction, global warming, and reduction of resources and so on,
bring a world-wide threat in the near future, (South Africa)


Reaffirming the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Agenda 21, the Programme for
the Further Implementation of Agenda21, the Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable
Development and the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development,
(Solomon)


          Reaffirming the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), (Hungary)




          Regretting that there is a large number of people excluded from adult education and
lifelong education all over the world especially developing country, (Japan)


          Emphasizing that the current economic structure mostly controlled by the rich countries is
not acceptable, (Bolivia)


          Regretting that the already developed countries have yet to propose plausible
plans,(Bolivia)


          Emphasizing the importance of keeping balance the protection of the environment with the
need for human progress, (Norway)

          Convinced that the great practice of management method for environmental concern is
indispensable, but also we need further research of environment, (Norway)


          Emphasizing that 64/196 of 21 December 2009 on Harmony with Nature was accepted
unanimously, (Sudan)
          Confirming that harmony with nature on the sustainable development should be set up to
reduce negative effect from human activities to the earth, (Sudan)


Expressing that the world has been affected by Climate Change and must consider the negative
impact for human, and in order to achieve economic development that was tended to be achieved in
a environmental unfriendly way but should be gone through for the sustainable development,
international cooperation is necessary to mange Green Economy6and to achieve Millennium
Development Goals whose time limit is on 2015, (Sudan)


        Expressing its appreciation on Agenda 21, the international community committed itself to
adopt and implement plans and programs to support the sustainable development and utilization of
the marine and coastal resources of small island developing States, including meeting essential
human needs, maintaining biodiversity and improving the quality of life for island people,
(Solomon)


        Noting with deep concern that some nations are already experiencing major adverse effects
of climate change, the rapid change of environment is also striking fragile ecosystem, and that
adaptation to adverse impacts of climate change and greenhouse gases and global warming remain a
major priority, (Solomon)


          Considering that sustainable development in harmony with nature is still an evolving
concept that requires the sharing of common objectives and embodiment of its knowledge among the
Member States, (Solomon)


          Recognizing the necessity to reconsider actions we take according to the declarations made
by member states such as the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Agenda 21, (Iran)


                    Realizing development is thus indispensable in the forward defense of each
member states interests in a world shaped by growing economic integration, (United States)


          Viewing its appreciation on COP16, (United States)


          Emphasizing the importance of Environmental Sustainability for further development,
(Hungary)
<Main Clause>

PROBLEM
     1.   Recognizes that environmental issues such as the air pollution from the reliance on coal,
          soil erosion, and the steady fall of the water table are long-term problems that cant be
          solved alone; (China)


     2.   Also requests to make greatest possible effort for preventing soil degradation; (Sudan)


     3.   Calls upon all the member nations to preserve the biodiversity in order to make
          sustainable development in harmony with nature come true; (Indonesia)


     4.   Regrets that activities which damage the living environment such as illegal logging are
          still happening; (Indonesia)


     5.   Notes that in order to preserve biodiversity, there is a need of revolution in various
          fields, such as regulations on illegal logging, introduction on new clean energy, and
          improvement of water quality; (Indonesia)


     6.   Notes an urgent situation that deforestation is proceeding which makes desertification
          worse; (Iran)


     7.   Invites every country to consider the issue of deforestation and limitation of the number
          of cutting down trees; (Iran)


     8.   Requests member states for their pursuit of clean energy supply not only for developed
          countries but also less-industrially developed countries; (Iran)




METHOD
     9.   Calls upon developed nations to take responsibility for the destruction of the
          environment in the past; (Cuba)
10. Urges the developed nations to contribute 0.7% of their GDP as “Official Development
     Assistance” in order to encourage the imports of products from developing nations and
     to share their advanced technologies; (Cuba)


11. Confirms the necessary to take a clear policy for adult education and lifelong
     education; (Japan)


12. Requests especially developing country to report their educational situations to general
     assembly in next session, and also requests general assembly to discus possibility aid
     to improve their educational situations through accounting their special needs in next
     session; (Japan)


13. Demands the countries with the same situation, to participate in the sessions and
     meeting held by the committee; (China)


14. Requests the continuous assistance from the Official Development Assistance on the
     transfer of technology to develop alternative energy and science to reduce pollution;
     (China)


15. Urges all actors involving in the current economic activities to take responsibilities for
     the destruction of environment and the exploitation of natural resources in the poor
     countries; (Bolivia)


16. Requests developed countries to implement plausible policies to provide much scale of
     employees large enough to support the activities of small and medium-sized firms in
     the developing countries; (Bolivia)


17. Requests all member states to promote their research regarding on the management in
     their sea fields and renewable energy resources; (Norway)


18. Recommends all member states to make bonds of partnership in order to build efficient
     and reliable structure to foster above two sectors; (Norway)


19. Supports to share useful knowledge and information, and to direct appropriate method
     of economic growth in poorly equipped environment; (Norway)
20. Requests financial cooperation and technology supports to decrease effect of clime
     change; (Sudan)


21. Requests collaboration beyond the border and bringing up manpower to maintain water
     facilities; (Sudan)


22. Further requests diffusion of alternative energy technology to protect forest; (Sudan)


23. Recommends adopting measures for supporting endogenous capacity-building, in
     particular for developing human resources and promoting the access of all Member
     States to environmentally sound and energy-efficient technology for their sustainable
     development; (Solomon)


24. Requests the Secretary-General to establish measures that will enable Member States to
     cope effectively, creatively and sustainably with environmental change, as well as to
     mitigate impacts on and reduce threats posed to marine and coastal resources;
     (Solomon)


25. Reaffirms the importance of strengthening national educational and training
     mechanisms in order to facilitate the flow of information on sustainable development
     issues, enhance public awareness of the environment and encourage participation in the
     implementation of effective solutions; (Solomon)


        I. Training in environmental management and sustainable development at all levels
              of the education system; (Solomon)


        II. Environmental education and science training, particularly on issues specific to
              developing States, are essential to developing environmental awareness;
              (Solomon)


26. Encourages and supports technical cooperation among developing States and other
     developing countries as a means of enhancing sustainable development in harmony
     with nature; (Solomon)


27. Supports further the work undertaken by civil society, academia, scientists and also
     non-governmental organizations in regard to reaffirming the vulnerability of nature, as
        well as their efforts to create a more sustainable model for production and
        consumption; (Solomon)


   28. Urges all the member nations to cooperate in establishing a system for supervising the
        activities which concern living environment. Also for advanced countries to do
        cooperation with developing countries in developing new technology which can give a
        contribution in creating a clean environment; (Indonesia)


   29. Calls upon every country to apply for the better database system to develop a
        sustainable protection system for the nature by sharing advanced technology; (Iran)


   30. Demands each country to reassess the progression of the declarations above and reset
        new goals to reduce the emission of CO2 and to prevent the deforestation in the world;
        (Iran)


   31. Recommends all member states to promote the utility of green technology and
        renewable energy sources; (United States)


   32. Urges all member states that have not yet joined the conventions related to nuclear
        technology to do so and those who are Parties to the conventions to review their
        implementation; (United States)


   33. Invites all member states to build the solution to the problem of climate change while
        considering free market solutions, so that it is both sustainable and smart; (United
        States)


   34. Urges all Member States to develop metrics contributing to a better assessment of
        environment, especially of biodiversity and damage to natural resources; (Hungary)


   35. Urges all Member States to establish together an integrated and shared world-wide
        environmental information system; (Hungary)


   36. Emphasizes the importance of transportation in green economy; (Hungary)
OTHER
37. Proposes a new education system, Japanese Entrepreneurship Program (JEP), to
     generate the new entrepreneurs who will make a great contribution to the recovery of
     Japan; (Japan) -5


38. Notes that the 12th five-year plan, China adopted in March 2011, is to continue
     reforming the economy and emphasizes the need to increase domestic consumption in
     order to make the economy less dependent on exports for GDP growth in the future;
     (China)


39. Requests the Economic and Social Council to regulate the activities of institutional
     investors so that price of products of the primary sector of industry may not be affected
     that much; (Bolivia)


40. Also requests the Secretary-General to ask major CO2 emitting countries, especially
     those did not formally agreed on the work of major environmental conferences, to be
     the member states of the committee on the situation with regards to Kyoto Protocol to
     the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change; (Solomon)


41. Further requests the Secretary-General to promote a more efficient use of energy
     resources in development planning and use cleaner methods to minimize the adverse
     effects of climate change and global warming on the sustainable development of those
     resources and maximize the harmony with nature; (Solomon)


42. Requests developed countries to provide sufficient and predictable funding to African
     countries, including the reduction or outright cancellation of the external debt in favor
     of the poorest African countries; (Nigeria)


43. Requests developed countries to transfer environmentally sound technology which is
     indispensible to promote sustainable development objectives to African countries;
     (Nigeria)


44. Requests developed countries to support African countries in building human and
     institutional capacities; (Nigeria)


45. Demands all member states to give support to Japan due to East Japan tsunami and
    Fukushima nuclear disaster aftermath; (United States)


46. Emphasizes the necessity to work on a roadmap defining concrete steps at the
    international and national level;


47. Decides to transform UNEP into a UN specialized agency for the environment, as part
    of a strengthened and renewed sustainable development governance framework, which
    includes clear political guidance; adequate, stable and predictable funding; a strong
    scientific base; and improved assessment of activities and emergency response
    institutions; (Hungary)


48. Encourages all Member States to introduce Ombudsman system to safeguard citizens’
    constitutional right to a healthy environment, as a mechanism to address the long-term
    context of sustainable development; (Hungary)

								
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