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Freundschaft - was ist das für Sie

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					 Modern Languages
         German
Glossaries and 3 Star Texts
           Higher

                        6276
Autumn 1999
                           HIGHER STILL




                   Modern
                 Languages
                            German
         Glossaries and 3 Star Texts
                               Higher




Support Materials
SUPPORT MATERIALS – SUPPLEMENT


This pack has been produced as a supplement to the main pack of support materials in
order to give centres maximum flexibility in how they might use the support
materials. The pack contains the following:

   a glossary of difficult words for all the texts in the support materials to allow
    students to work more independently of the teacher/lecturer if appropriate

   three texts (from each of the prescribed themes) which might be used as additional
    preparation for external assessment material for reading and translation.




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)         1
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Schultage

umziehen                                             [here] to move house
winzig                                               tiny
Bemerkungen machen                                   to make comments
angenehm                                             pleasant
sich unterhalten                                     to talk/chat to
weggehen                                             to go out
bereuen                                              to regret




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   2
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Wie findet ihr eure Lehrer?

sich verstehen mit                             to get on with [someone]
die Beziehung                                  relationship
sich aufbauen                                  to develop, to get established
das Selbstvertrauen                            self-confidence
sich trauen, etwas zu machen                   to have the confidence to do something
sich melden                                    [here] to put up your hand
Gefühle an jemandem auslassen                  to take out your feelings on someone
fortgeschritten                                advanced
begreifen                                      to understand
'runtergehen [heruntergehen]                   to go under
zusammenpassen                                 to match
gespannt auf [+ accusative]                    curious/eager about something
beibringen                                     to teach
sich [dative] vorstellen                       to imagine
vollbringen                                    to perform, to complete
versprechen                                    to promise
reichen zu                                     to reach/stretch to




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)         3
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Lieblingslehrer

wählen                                         to choose, to elect
die Geduld                                     patience
mitkommen                                      to understand, to keep up
schminken                                      to put on make-up
das Tafelbild                                  [black-] board
jemandem neutral gegenüberstehen               to have a neutral attitude to somebody
der Tadel                                      reprimand, 'black mark'
von selbst sagen                               to say of your own accord, to own up to
die Marotte                                    quirk
sich einsetzen für                             to fight for, to support
die Grenzen setzen                             to set down the limits
sich verlassen auf [+ accusative]              to rely on
mitgestalten                                   to have a say in organising
abstimmen über [+ accusative]                  to vote on
vorkommen                                      to come up, to appear




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)          4
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Die Rolle der Schüler

bestehen aus                                   to consist of/ be made up of
Mitwirken an [+ dative]                        to be involved in, to contribute to
der Vertreter/ die Vertreterin                 representative
die Macht                                      power
verhandeln                                     to discuss, negotiate
die Eigenschaft                                characteristic, quality




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)      5
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Schüler helfen Schülern

damals                                         at that time
abschalten                                     to switch off
quatschen                                      to blether, to chat
sich erholen                                   to recover
zuhören                                        to listen [to]
ein Gespräch führen                            to have a conversation
der/ die Gegenüber                             [here] the person sitting opposite
Standpunkte klären                             to explain points of view
die Hemmung                                    inhibition
die Hemmschwelle                               level of inhibition
betreuen                                       to look after/ be in charge of
der Umgangston                                 tone, way of speaking
nachspielen                                    to play, to act out
ansonsten                                      apart from that, otherwise
werben um                                      to try to attract, to work for
der Gang zu                                    going to, approaching
raten [past tense: riet]                       to advise
der/die Schuldige                              guilty person
Es geht nicht darum, . . .                     It is not a question of . . .
beitragen                                      to contribute
die Weisung                                    instruction, directive
der Ausgang                                    outcome
verkünden                                      to announce
einträchtig                                    peacably




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)     6
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Die Mode am ersten Schultag

sich anziehen                                  to get dressed, to put on
entweder . . . oder . . .                      either . . . or . . .
rechnen mit                                    to reckon (on), to be prepared for
das Oberteil                                   top
passen zu                                      to go with, to match
auffallen                                      to stand out, to attract attention
sich entscheiden                               to decide
lässig                                         casual




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)     7
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Schulstress - muss er sein?

das Ziel                                       aim, goal
der Aufsatz                                    essay
der Leistungsdruck                             pressure to succeed
benoten                                        to grade/ give marks to
sammeln                                        to gather, to collect
die Ungerechtigkeit                            injustice




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   8
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Die letzte Chance

schaffen                                       to manage, to get by
der Anmeldeformular                            application form
ablegen                                        to sit, to take [an exam]
stattfinden                                    to take place
eine Prüfung bestehen                          to pass an exam
opfern                                         to sacrifice/ give up
die Jahrgangsstufe                             year [at school/college]
sich anmelden zu                               to apply to/for
teilnehemen an [+ dative]                      to take part in
sich [dative] vornehmen                        to resolve [ to do something]




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   9
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Die Rolle der Eltern

der Vertreter/ die Vertreterin                 representative
einzeln                                        individual
anstatt [+ genitive]                           instead of
der Elternsprechtag                            parents' day
sich erkundigen über                           to enquire about
der Eindruck                                   impression
reichen                                        to be enough




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   10
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Schulprobleme: wie können Eltern helfen?

der Aufsatz                                    essay
die Lust an [+ dative]                         pleasure/ interest in
sich hocken                                    to plonk oneself down
Sich [dative] stülpen                          to clap on
der Anschluss                                  connection
der Leistungsdruck                             pressure to achieve/to do well
einschüchtern                                  to intimidate
versagen                                       to fail/ be a failure
das Wertgefühl                                 self-esteem
hinzukommen                                    to be added on, to come in addition
mangelnd                                       a lack of, inadequate
der Zoff                                       trouble
sich anpassen                                  to adapt/conform to
der Streich                                    prank
ansehen                                        to regard
das Ansehen                                    reputation
jemandem unter die Arme greifen                to help someone out
die Geborgenheit                               security
auffangen                                      to counterbalance
die Vorliebe                                   preference
spüren                                         to feel, to sense
der Leistungsstand                             level of achievement
einholen                                       to obtain
einschalten                                    to bring in
der Leiter/ die Leiterin                       head, principal
die Umsetzung                                  moving [classes]
erwägen                                        to consider
seelisch                                       emotionally, psychologically
der Lebensweg                                  journey through life
nach wie vor                                   still
glauben an [+ accusative]                      to believe in




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)      11
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Ganz- oder Halbtagsschule?

unternehmen                                    to do, to undertake
zusätzlich                                     in addition
nachlassen                                     to diminish, to deteriorate
die Belastung                                  strain, burden
die Ungerechtigkeit                            injustice
schaffen                                       to manage
zerstückeln                                    to break up
unter Aufsicht stehen                          to be under supervision




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   12
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Betriebspraktikum

der Betriebspraktikum                          work placement
der Ablauf                                     development
der Umgang                                     contact
durchnehmen                                    to go through
die Akkord-Arbeit                              piecework
die Neigung                                    tendency, inclination
die Leitung                                    management
die Krankenkasse                               health insurance
die Stadtverwaltung                            town council
zustehen eg: etwas steht jemandem zu           to be entitled to something
einsetzen                                      to use, to employ
schleifen                                      to rub [down]
der Wisent                                     bison
öde                                            dull, tedious
der Betreuer/ die Betreuerin                   person who looks after somebody,
                                               supervisor
sich überlegen                                 to consider, think about




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   13
German - Higher: Education and Work
Careers, Job Intentions, Employment issues

Glossary

Das Problem: der Startberuf

die Quote                                      rate, statistics
das Unternehmen                                [here] company, business
Forderungen stellen                            to make demands
die Art                                        manner, way
das Vorstellungsgespräch                       interview
abbauen                                        to reduce




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   14
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Aus dem Büroalltag

die Zentrale                                   head office
einstellen                                     to appoint, to have vacancies for
verfügen                                       to have at one's disposal
die Verstärkung                                boost
die Fahrstrecke                                route




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)    15
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Wie stellst du dir die Zukunft vor?

sich [dative] vorstellen                       to imagine, to picture
im voraus                                      in advance, ahead
etwas [+ dative] unterliegen                   to be subject to something
vielversprechend                               promising
das Bedürfnis                                  need
ergreifen                                      to take up
fortbilden                                     to continue with education/training
sich vor etwas scheuen                         to shy away from something
unternehmungslustig                            enterprising
anpassungsfähig                                adaptable




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)      16
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Computer - Hilfe oder Gefahr?

die Akte                                       file, record
das Gesuchte                                   what you are looking for
das Fach                                       [here] shelf
sich [dative] etwas aussuchen                  to choose
erledigen                                      to see to, to deal with
sich umstellen auf                             to adapt to, to change over to




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   17
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Berufswahl

sich etwas erklären lassen                     to have something explained [to you]
die besseren Karten haben                      to be in a better/stronger position
das Dia                                        slide [from photograph]
kaufmännisch                                   business
die Spedition                                  haulage firm, removal company
sich [dative] vorkommen                        to seem
herumwerfen                                    to throw around
fachsimpeln                                    to talk shop
vergleichen                                    to compare
zugeben                                        to admit
sich in Szene setzen                           to make oneself noticed
nachdenken                                     to think over
sich [dative] anhören                          to listen to
auf Lager haben                                to have in stock
sich einteilen                                 to organise/ plan out




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)       18
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Ein Interview

Näheres                                        details, further information
der Abschluss                                  final exam
der Lehrkraft                                  teacher
der Verwaltungsbereich                         administration
die gleitende Arbeitszeit                      flexi-time
erledigen                                      to deal with
die Stenographie                               shorthand-typing




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   19
German - Higher: Education and Work
Critique of Own School/College

Glossary

Jugend ohne Zukunft

aussichtsreich                                 promising, with good prospects
die Massnahme                                  measure
betroffen von                                  affected by
die Quote                                      rate
scheitern                                      to fail, to founder
teilhaben an [+ dative]                        to have a part in
der Arbeitsamt                                 job centre
der Ausbildungsplatz                           training vacancy
rein rechnerisch                               in purely arithmetical terms
ergreifen                                      to take on
kapieren                                       to understand, to realise
die Voraussetzung                              condition, requirement
klarkommen mit                                 to manage, to cope with
je länger . . . , desto weniger . . .          the longer . . ., the less . . .
die Schulbank drücken                          to go to school
den Bezug verlieren [zu]                       to feel cut off [from]
die Faustregel                                 rule of thumb
übernehmen                                     to accept
unterbringen                                   to accommodate, to fix up
die Warteschleife                              delaying tactic
die Grundrechenart                             basic arithmetic
weiterentwickeln                               to develop
abbauen                                        to reduce
bestehen                                       to hold one's own




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   20
German - Higher: Wider World
Holidays, Travel & Tourism

Glossary

Sommersonne - Ferienzeit

kostbar                                        precious
die Abwechslung                                a change
egal ob . . .                                  no matter whether . . .
der Trott                                      routine
müssig                                         idle
in unseren Breiten                             in our part of the world
die Unterkühlung                               exposure to sub-normal temperature
die Langzeitbehandlung                         long-term treatment




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)     21
German - Higher: Wider World
Holidays, Travel & Tourism

Glossary

Reisemöglichkeiten in Schottland

der Gutschein                                  voucher
eigener Wahl                                   of your choice
vorschreiben                                   to stipulate
das Bedürfnis                                  need, requirement
zurechtschneidern                              to tailor




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   22
German - Higher: Wider World
Holidays, Travel & Tourism

Glossary

Reisevorbereitungen

selbstverständlich                             taken for granted
der Grossstädter/ die Grossstädterin           city-dweller
sich sehnen nach                               to long for
etwas [+ dative] entsprechen                   to meet, to live up to
Ländlich                                       rural
erdenklich                                     imaginable
der Reinfall                                   disaster
der Leiterwagen                                hand-cart
versetzen                                      to transfer/transplant
die Roggenernte                                rye harvest
in Gang halten                                 to keep going
bedingen                                       to be necessary




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   23
German - Higher: Wider World
Holidays, Travel & Tourism

Glossary

Wintermärchen Allgäu

der Schlitten                                  sleigh
bereitstehen                                   to be available, to provide
die Zacke                                      jagged peak
die Abfahrt                                    [here] ski-run
etwas [+ dative] abgeneigt sein                to dislike/not be keen on something
reichlich                                      ample, plenty




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)      24
German - Higher: Wider World
Holidays, Travel & Tourism

Glossary

Ist Banff wirklich tote Hose?

tote Hose                                      a dead loss, nothing happening
aus folgenden Gründen                          for the following reasons
unmittelbar                                    direct
abholen                                        to pick up




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   25
German - Higher: Wider World
Holidays, Travel & Tourism

Glossary

Dublin - Hauptstadt der grünen Insel

jemandem geweiht sein                          to be dedicated to
ausser Acht lassen                             to disregard, to ignore
ansprechen                                     to appeal to
sich eignen                                    to be suitable




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   26
German - Higher: Wider World
Holidays, Travel & Tourism

Glossary

Potsdam - eine Stadt mit vielen Facetten

die Wende                                      [here] re-unification
erkunden                                       [here] to explore
nachempfinden                                  to adapt, to copy
hervorstechend                                 striking, prominent
angeben                                        to show off, to boast
entwerfen                                      to design
die Siedlung                                   estate
das Oberhaupt                                  leader
drehen                                         to shoot a film
der Abstecher                                  trip, excursion
strapaziert                                    strained, stretched
die Verpflegung                                catering




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   27
German - Higher: Wider World
Holidays, Travel & Tourism

Glossary

Typisch deutsch

auffallen                                      to stand out, to be noticed
Es kommt darauf an, . . .                      It depends, . . .
sich anziehen                                  to dress [oneself]
sich verlaufen                                 to lose your way, to get lost
Es liegt an mir.                               It's because of me.




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   28
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Role of the Individual in Society

Glossary

Jonas setzt sich durch

der Mitschüler/ die Mitschülerin               fellow pupil
engagiert                                      committed
kontaktfreudig                                 sociable
der Schülersprecher                            pupil representative
bei jemandem gut ankommen                      to hit it off with someone
bewirken                                       to have the effect of
auf etwas ankommen                             to depend on something
gucken                                         to look, to watch
sich behaupten                                 to assert yourself
einstimmig                                     unanimously
die Kopfarbeit                                 brainwork
der Witz                                       joke
verfolgen                                      to persecute
die Flut                                       flood
der Asylbewerber                               asylum seeker
entstehen                                      to arise, to be the result
sich durchsetzen                               to assert yourself
die Ausländerfeindlichkeit                     hostility to foreigners




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   29
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Role of the Individual in Society

Glossary

Spaghetti-Fresser

fressen                                        to scoff, to guzzle
die Aufsicht                                   supervision
schallen                                       to echo, to ring out
im Chor                                        in chorus
der Floh                                       flea
Läuse [plural]                                 lice
die Wanze                                      bug
zulaufen auf [+ accusative]                    to run up to
um jemanden herumstehen                        to stand round someone
drängen                                        to push
auf den Boden starren                          to stare at the ground
anstimmen                                      to start singing, to strike up
der Spottvers                                  satirical/mocking verse
auseinanderdrängen                             to force apart
tadeln                                         to reprimand
widersprechen                                  to contradict
die Wut kriegen                                to get into a rage
bestätigen                                     to confirm
zurückfahren                                   to pull back, jump back
„reinlassen [hereinlassen]                     to let in, to admit
verraten                                       to reveal, to give away
der Wichtel                                    gnome
durcheinanderschreien                          to all shout out at once
erfinden                                       to invent, to make up
heimlich                                       in secret
jemandem etwas zustecken                       to slip something to someone
das Zimtplätzchen                              spiced biscuit
beschenken                                     to give presents
das Etui                                       pencil case
das Sammelbildchen                             collector‟s card
die Weltkugel                                  globe
staunen über [+ accusative]                    to be amazed at
sich bewegen                                   to move
das Knäuel                                     bundle of fluff
entpuppen                                      to emerge
herausbekommen                                 to find out, to work out
forschen                                       to seek the truth
ahnen                                          to guess, to know
das Raten                                      guessing
der Schimmer                                   clue, idea




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   30
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Role of the Individual in Society

Glossary

Spaghetti-Fresser (continued)

zweifelnd                                      sceptically
Heiliger Abend                                 Christmas Eve
heften                                         to pin, to fix
die Tapete                                     wallpaper




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   31
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Family, Friends and Society

Glossary

Freundschaft - was ist das für Sie?

unterscheiden                                  to distinguish
das Gemeinsame ist . . .                       what we have in common is. . .
unternehmen                                    to do, to undertake
Schluss ist, wenn                              It‟s the end if . . .
missbrauchen                                   to abuse
sich verlassen auf [+ accusative]              to rely on
stets                                          always
weitergeben                                    to pass on
jemandem etwas anvertrauen                     to trust someone with something
der Feiertag                                   holiday, day off work/school
ausnutzen                                      to take advantage of, to exploit
zanken                                         to quarrel
auslachen                                      to laugh at




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   32
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Family, Friends and Society

Glossary

Freundschaft- das ist das Schönste, was es gibt auf der Welt

sich trennen                                   to separate, split up
ablenken                                       to take someone‟s mind off things
auf andere Gedanken kommen                     to think about other things
der Krach                                      row, fight
stimmen                                        to be right
unheimlich                                     incredibly
gehören                                        to belong
darum                                          because of that, therefore
kaum                                           hardly
dazukommen                                     to arrive on the scene, to join
ansprechen                                     to speak to, to appeal to
betreffen                                      to concern, affect
merken                                         to notice
dichthalten                                    [here] to keep a secret
das Plappermaul                                “big mouth”
weitererzählen                                 to repeat, to pass on

anbieten                                       to offer
beruhen auf [+ dative]                         to be based on
die Gegenseitigkeit                            mutuality
die Denkweise                                  way of thinking
die Richtung                                   direction/line of thought
übereinstimmen                                 to agree, correspond
zu jemandem stehen                             to stand by someone
es liegt daran, . . .                          the reason for that is . . .




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)    33
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Family, Friends and Society

Glossary

Der beste Freund/ die beste Freundin

vortäuschen                                    to pretend, to fake
ähnlich                                        similar
der Verein                                     club, association
zu jemandem halten                             to stand/stick by someone
gegen                                          against
der Knall                                      trouble
gehören                                        to belong
ernsthaft                                      seriously
ernst nehmen                                   to take seriously
der Einzelgänger                               loner
jemanden auf den Wecker gehen                  to get on someone‟s nerves
sich beschweren über [+ accusative]            to complain about
wechselhaft                                    changeable
besprechen                                     to speak about, to discuss
verschlossen                                   withdrawn




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   34
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Family, Friends and Society

Glossary

Opa - mein bester Freund

sich [dative] vorstellen                       to imagine
Das macht nichts.                              That doesn‟t matter.
der Quatsch                                    rubbish, nonsense
sich verstehen                                 to get on [with each other]
wegen                                          because of
der Qualm                                      smoke




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   35
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Family, Friends and Society

Glossary

Grosseltern

mit jemandem auskommen                         to get on with someone
weit entfernt                                  far away
jemandem etwas zustecken                       to slip someone something
beeinflussen                                   to influence
sich freuen                                    to be pleased
sich einmischen                                to interfere
sauer                                          annoyed
untergraben                                    to undermine




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   36
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Family, Friends and Society

Glossary

Meine Mutter ist von früh bis spät dabei

ermöglichen                                    to make possible
eigen                                          own
erfüllen                                       to fulfil
das Grundstück                                 plot of land, site
die Lebensversicherung                         life insurance
verstorben                                     deceased
zu jemandem ziehen                             to move in with someone
die Dachwohnung                                attic flat
berufstätig                                    working, employed
versorgen                                      to look after
unerträglich                                   unbearable
sich wie zu Besuch fühlen                      to feel like a visitor
sich bewegen                                   to move, to behave
sich benehmen                                  to behave
sich [dative] vorkommen                        to seem
brav                                           good, well-behaved
fügsam                                         obedient
das Gespür                                     feeling
etwas dagegen sagen                            to speak against something
zusammenbrechen                                to collapse
auf etwas Rücksicht nehmen                     to take something into consideration
begreifen                                      to understand
Jemandem etwas beibringen                      to get something across to someone
kränken                                        to hurt someone‟s feelings




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)       37
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Family, Friends and Society

Glossary

Die idealen Eltern

passen                                         to suit, to be suitable
vorziehen                                      to prefer
gleich behandeln                               to treat the same
der Ratschlag                                  piece of advice
jemandem etwas überlassen                      to leave something up to someone
sich entscheiden                               to decide
vorschreiben                                   to dictate, to stipulate
zeigen                                         to show
egal was . . .                                 no matter what . . .
raten                                          to advise




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   38
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Family, Friends and Society

Glossary

Kinder und Eltern

erziehen                                       to bring up
abholen                                        to fetch, to pick up
kontrollieren                                  to supervise
aussuchen                                      to choose
bemängeln                                      to find fault with
der Umgang                                     friends
sich verändern                                 to change
das Äussere                                    outward appearance
herumlaufen                                    to go about
reagieren                                      to react
die Intimsphäre                                privacy, personal life
wahren                                         to observe, to adhere
herumschnüffeln                                to snoop around
aufregen                                       to irritate, to annoy
lange weggehen                                 to stay out late
zurechtkommen                                  to manage, to cope




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   39
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Family, Friends and Society

Glossary

Familienleben

die Bewegungsfreiheit                          freedom of movement
sich zurückhalten                              to stay in the background
sich [dative] etwas gefallen lassen            to put up with something
die Wohngemeinschaft                           flat- share
der häufigste Grund                            the most common reason




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   40
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Family, Friends and Society

Glossary

Geschieden

das Behörde                                    authorities
der Kummer                                     grief, trouble
ausziehen                                      to move out
zusammenpassen                                 to go well together, to be suited
sich an [+ accusative] etwas gewöhnen          to get used to something
sich erinnern                                  to remember
wiedererkennen                                 to recognise
neugierig                                      curious
aussehen                                       to look
zerschneiden                                   to cut into small pieces
zurechtkommen                                  to come to terms, to manage
damals                                         then, at that time
spüren                                         to feel, to detect
verheimlichen                                  to keep secret, to hide
sich [dative] wünschen                         to wish for something
einsehen                                       to understand, to see
vertragen                                      to get on, get along
unterschiedlich                                different




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)    41
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Leisure interests

Glossary

Thema Internet

sich auskennen                                 to know a lot
die Hochschule                                 college, university
in Kontakt treten                              to get in touch, to come into contact
'raussuchen [heraussuchen]                     to pick out, to choose
der Termin                                     date
seit kurzem                                    for a short while
gucken                                         to watch, to look at




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)        42
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Leisure interests

Glossary

Surfen auf den Datenhighway

das Rechnernetz                                computer network
Verbindung aufnehmen                           to contact
ausstatten                                     to provide
abhängen von                                   to depend on
die Art                                        type, sort
anbieten                                       to offer
am weitesten verbreitet                        the most widely circulated
die Grundgebühr                                standing charge
die Nutzungsgebühr                             usage fee
der Anschluss an [+ accusative]                connection to
Los geht's!                                    Off you go!
sprunghaft                                     sharp, rapid
der Einstiegspunkt                             starting point
das Suchsystem                                 search engine
das Inhaltsverzeichnis                         directory
reichen                                        to be enough/sufficient
gelangen                                       to reach
angeben                                        to give, to cite




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   43
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Leisure interests

Glossary

Fernsehen

vor sich gehen                                 to happen, to go on
wiederum                                       on the other hand, in turn
sich ansehen                                   to watch
bestehen                                       to exist
innerhalb [+ genitive]                         within
anschauen                                      to watch
drohen                                         to threaten
die Entwicklung                                development
beeinträchtigen                                to harm, to restrict
aktuell                                        current
vertreiben                                     to drive off, drive away
auf dem Laufenden                              up-to-date
sich erholen                                   to relax, to rest
sich entspannen                                to relax
verfolgen                                      to follow




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   44
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Leisure interests

Glossary

Die eingeseifte TV-Nation

sich schlagen                                  to fight
sich trennen                                   to split up
der Typ                                        guy, bloke
verbringen                                     to spend [time]
aussehen nach                                  to look like
sich drehen um                                 to revolve around
ehemalig                                       former
sich ausdenken                                 to think up
stören                                         to bother
heikel                                         awkward, sensitive
treffen                                        to hit upon
auflauern                                      to lie in wait
Es geht ja nicht darum, . . .                  It isn't a question of . . .
die handelnden Personen                        cast, characters in a drama
auftauchen                                     to appear, to turn up
sich wiederholen                               to repeat oneself
Ideen ausgehen                                 to run out of ideas




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   45
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Leisure interests

Glossary

Schöner als das richtige Leben

der Schaum                                     foam, lather
der Produzent                                  manufacturer
die Herz-Schmerz-Geschichte                    tear-jerker
blitzblank                                     spick and span
der Rahmen                                     framework
Furore machen                                  to cause a sensation
vermehrt                                       increasingly
gegenüber [+ dative]                           compared to




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   46
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Leisure interests

Glossary

Zwei Filme

aufmerksam werden auf [+ accusative]           to notice
wohlhabend                                     wealthy, well-off
erhalten                                       to secure, to get
mittellos                                      without means, poor
sich engagieren                                to become involved, to commit oneself
verleben                                       to spend [life]
bestimmen                                      to determine
der Schlager                                   hit-song
gelingen                                       to succeed
sich einleben                                  to settle in
gleichermassen                                 equally
aufnehmen                                      to receive




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)        47
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Leisure interests

Glossary;

Die Droge Horror

je mehr . . . desto besser                     the more . . . the better
besonders                                      especially
abschlagen                                     to chop off
das Gesellschaftspiel                          party game
die Lust auf [+ accusative]                    desire for
gucken                                         to watch
sich unterhalten über [+ accusative]           to talk/chat about
mitreden                                       to join in the conversation
seitdem                                        since then
aufpassen                                      to look out, to take care
trotzdem                                       in spite of that, nevertheless
ausleihen                                      to hire, to borrow
achten auf [+ accusative]                      to pay attention to
die Raubkopie                                  illegal/pirate copy
besorgen                                       to get, to acquire




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   48
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Leisure interests

Glossary

Filme

vorziehen                                      to prefer
das Publikum                                   audience
ausser                                         apart from
ankommen auf [+ accusative]                    to depend on
grausam                                        cruel
trotzdem                                       nevertheless
geniessen                                      to enjoy
wegen                                          because of
witzig                                         witty, funny




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   49
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Leisure interests

Glossary

Zur Information: Die Presse

zählen zu                                      to count as
die Medienlandschaft                           media landscape
das Aufkommen                                  appearance, emergence
den Platz behaupten                            to hold one's own
steigen von . . . auf . . .                    to increase from . . . to . . .
überwiegend                                    predominantly
in erster Linie                                first and foremost
gründen                                        to found, to establish




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   50
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Healthy Living

Glossary

Interview mit Peter

aufpassen auf [+ accusative]                   to pay attention to, to watch
Es ist mir ein Greuel.                         I loathe it.
das Nahrungsmittel                             food
ernähren                                       to feed
der Geruch                                     smell
ausstehen                                      to stand, to put up with
fressen                                        to devour
statt                                          instead of
sich zwingen                                   to force oneself
die Ernährung                                  food, nutrition
achten auf [+ accusative]                      to pay attention to
zunehmen                                       to put on weight




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   51
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Healthy Living

Glossary

Essgewohnheiten

die Essgewohnheit                              eating habit
jemandem auffallen                             to be noticed, to be striking
was . . . angeht                               concerning . . .
bei weitem                                     by far
nahrhaft                                       nourishing, good for you
die Art                                        type, sort
die Getreideflocken [plural]                   cereal
im Durchschnitt                                on average
der Hang zu                                    tendency towards
bieten                                         to offer
abgesehen von                                  apart from




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   52
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Healthy Living

Glossary

Ernährt er sich gesund?

sich ernähren                                  to eat
nachdenken uber [+ accusative]                 to think about
die Reste [plural]                             left-overs




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   53
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Healthy Living

Glossary

Gentech-Soja

die Gentech/die Gentechnik                     genetic engineering
der Gegner/die Gegnerin                        opponent
die Nahrung                                    food
genetisch verändert                            genetically modified
der Produzent                                  manufacturer, producer
feststellen                                    to establish, to find out
auslösen                                       to cause




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   54
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Healthy Living

Glossary

Glück durch Diät

nachlassen                                     to decrease, to ease off
anrühren                                       to touch
auswickeln/einwickeln                          to unwrap/to wrap up
sich erinnern an [+ accusative]                to remember
wieder hinlegen                                to put back
vergehen                                       to pass, to go by
unangenehm                                     unpleasant
sich gewöhnen an [+ accusative]                to get used to
übrig                                          other
hochziehen                                     to pull up
passen                                         to fit
umsonst                                        for nothing, free
der Verlobter/die Verlobte                     fiancé/fiancée
sich werfen                                    to throw oneself




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   55
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Healthy Living

Glossary

Fit mit Frühstück

verzichten auf [+ accusative]                  to do/go without
verkehrt                                       wrong
der Fachbereich                                specialist area
die Ernährung                                  nutrition
die Fachhochschule                             university
verbrauchen                                    to use
zusammengesetzt                                composed, made up
der Speicher                                   store, tank
der Blutspiegel                                blood sugar level
die Arbeitsleistung                            work performance
fehlen                                         to lack, to be missing
der Schwung                                    verve, zest
vorhalten                                      to last
knapp                                          scarce
sich eignen zu                                 to be suited to
der/die Berufstätige                           working person
geistig                                        mentally, intellectually
fordern                                        to challenge, make demands
ergänzen                                       to supplement, to complete
raten                                          to give advice
mit nüchternem Magen                           on/with an empty stomach
der Einsteiger                                 beginner
der Zufuhr                                     supply
der Muffel                                     grouch




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   56
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Healthy Living

Glossary

Rauchen, na und?

gefährden                                      to endanger
ausprobieren                                   to try out
gehören                                        to belong
die Öffentlichkeit                             public
bekennen                                       to admit
ausreichen                                     to be enough
Bescheid wissen                                to know [about something]
aufhören                                       to stop
schaffen                                       to manage
an Gewicht zunehmen                            to put on weight
leichtfertig                                   thoughtlessly, light-heartedly
heimlich                                       in secret
auf der Hut vor etwas sein                     to be on the look-out for
auftreten                                      to occur, to appear
wahrnehmen                                     to observe, to be aware of
verdrängen                                     to suppress
geniessen                                      to enjoy
zu etwas führen                                to lead to something
überzeugt                                      confirmed
aus Jux                                        as a joke, in fun
der Gelegenheitsraucher                        occasional smoker
jemandem etwas vorwerfen                       to reproach someone for something
etwas in Kauf nehmen                           to accept something
vorhanden                                      existing




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)    57
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Healthy Living

Glossary

Raucher oder Nichtraucher?

der Rentner/die Rentnerin                      pensioner
aufhören                                       to stop
klappen                                        to work out
sich verhalten                                 to behave
anzünden                                       to light
sich rechnen zu                                to count oneself as
der Gelegenheitsraucher                        occasional smoker
sterben an [+ dative]                          to die of
schaden [+ dative]                             to harm
sich entspannen                                to relax
belästigen                                     to bother, to irritate
verursachen                                    to cause
verpesten                                      to pollute




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   58
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Healthy Living

Glossary

Ich kann das Rauchen nicht lassen

der Wunderheiler                               faith healer
loskommen                                      to get away, to get free
einen Entschluss fassen                        to make a decision
in hohem Maße                                  to a high degree
gelingen                                       to succeed, to be successful
weglegen                                       to put away, to put aside
entstehen                                      to emerge
sich erkundigen nach                           to enquire about
die Volkshochschule                            adult education centre
betreuen                                       to be in charge of, to lead
einsetzen                                      to use
der Griff zu                                   reaching for
feststelllen                                   to find out
der Ventil                                     outlet
ausdrücken                                     to express
die Gemütlichkeit                              comfort, friendliness
erarbeiten                                     to work out




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   59
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Healthy Living

Glossary

Alkoholismus

der Genuss                                     consumption
ernst nehmen                                   to take seriously
gehören                                        to belong
die Lebenslage                                 situation
in der Regel                                   as a rule
im Gegenteil                                   on the contrary
mutig                                          brave
der Klatsch                                    gossip
die Geschäftsfreunden                          business colleagues
mitmachen                                      to go along with, to co-operate
die Menge                                      amount
annehmen                                       to accept
kommen an [+ accusative]                       to reach
zugeben                                        to admit
Zeit totschlagen                               to kill time
losgehen                                       to get started
anpacken                                       to tackle
meistern                                       to overcome
sich behaupten                                 to assert oneself




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   60
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Healthy Living

Glossary

Stefan

der Sanitäter                                  first-aid attendant
in der Not                                     in times of need
das Drahtseil                                  tightrope
besoffen [slang]                               very drunk, 'smashed'
anrühren                                       to touch
der Schluck                                    sip, drop
der Rückfall                                   relapse
entstehen durch                                to result from
der Feierabend                                 finishing time at work
randalieren                                    to rampage
erwischen                                      to catch
die Bewährung                                  probation




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   61
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Healthy Living

Glossary

Alkohol am Steuer

das Steuer                                     steering wheel
hochspielen                                    to exaggerate
abstellen                                      to park
blasen                                         to blow [into breathalyser]
knapp                                          scarcely
führen zu                                      to lead to
die Strafe                                     fine
abgeben                                        to hand over




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   62
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Topic: Advantages/Disadvantages of Home Area

Glossary

Das Leben auf dem Land

die Bank                                       bench
das Neueste                                    the latest news/gossip
„rumhängen [herumhängen]                       to hang around, to hang out
dummes Zeug reden                              to talk nonsense
ansonsten                                      otherwise, apart from that
besinnlich                                     contemplative, thoughtful
geniessen                                      to enjoy
der Notfall                                    emergency
abgelegen                                      remote, isolated
beruflich                                      professional, career-orientated




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   63
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Topic: Advantages/Disadvantages of Home Area

Glossary

Das Leben in der Stadt

weder . . . noch . . .                         neither . . . nor . . .
gemütlich                                      cosy, friendly
überall hinkommen                              to get anywhere/everywhere
die öffentlichen Verkehrsmittel                public transport
unternehmen                                    to do, to undertake
die Verkehrsverbindungen                       transport links/connections
am Puls der Zeit leben                         to be at the centre of things
Ruhe haben                                     to have peace
auf Konsum gerichtet                           guided by/directed towards the consumer
einsam                                         lonely
die Ablenkung                                  distraction
die Bewegung                                   exercise
nutzen                                         to use, to take advantage of




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)     64
German - Higher: Lifestyles
Topic: Advantages/Disadvantages of Home Area

Glossary

Stadt und Land

früher                                         previously
lange wegbleiben                               to stay out late
die S-Bahn                                     suburban railway
unheimlich                                     incredibly
fehlen                                         to miss
abholen                                        to collect, to pick up
die Beziehung                                  relationship
heraussuchen                                   to choose
verbringen                                     to spend [time]
eingeschlossen                                 confined, closed in
halten für                                     to think, consider




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   65
Higher Still German – Language Unit

Theme: Education And Work

TEXT TITLE                                                                   STAR RATING
                                                                                (1-2-3)
1      Schultage                                                                  **

2      Wie findet ihr eure Lehrer?                                                **

3      Lieblingslehrer                                                            ***

4      Die Rolle der Schüler                                                      ***

5      Schuler helfen Schülern                                                    ***

6      Die Mode am ersten Schultag                                                 *

7      Schuluniform                                                                *

8      Schulstress, muss er sein?                                                 ***

9      Die letzte Chance                                                           *

10     Die Rolle der Eltern                                                       **

11     Schulprobleme – wie können Eltern helfen?                                  ***

12     Ganz – oder Halbtagsschule?                                                 *

13     Betriebspraktikum                                                          **

14     Das Problem – der Startberuf                                               **

15     Aus dem Büroalltag                                                         **

16     Wie stellst du dir die Zukunft vor?                                        **

17     Computer – Hilfe oder Gefahr?                                               *

18     Berufswahl                                                                 **

19     Ein Interview                                                              ***

20     Jugend ohne Zukunft                                                        ***




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)         66
Higher Still German - Language Unit

Theme: The Wider World

TEXT TITLE                                                                   STAR RATING
                                                                                (1-2-3)
1      Urlaub zu Zweit                                                             *

2      Ferien mit oder ohne Eltern                                                 *

3      Ideale Ferien                                                               *

4      Wangerooge                                                                 **

5      Sommersonne – Ferienzeit                                                   ***

6      Wo lege ich mich im Schottlandurlaub aufs Ohr                               *

7      Reisemöglichkeiten in Schottland                                            *

8      Reisevorbereitungen                                                        ***

9      Wintermärchen Allgau                                                       ***

10     Glasgow                                                                    ***

11     Ein Regentag in Glasgow                                                    **

12     Banff                                                                       *

13     Reiseziel Schottland                                                       **

14     Dublin                                                                     **

15     Die alte Bergstadt Freiberg                                                ***

16     Potsdam                                                                    ***

17     Typisch Deutsch                                                            **




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)         67
Higher Still German – Language Unit

Theme: Lifestyles

TEXT TITLE                                                                   STAR RATING
                                                                                (1-2-3)
1      Freundschaft – was is das für Sie?                                          *

2      Freundschaft – das ist das Schönste, was es gibt auf der Welt              ***

3      Der beste Freund/die beste Freundin. Was ist das Besondere
       an einer solchen Person?                                                    *

4      Opa, mein bester Freund                                                     *

5      Grosseltern                                                                **

6      Meine Mutter ist von früh bist spät dabei                                  **

7      Die idealen Eltern                                                         ***

8      Kinder und Eltern                                                          ***

9      Familienleben                                                              ***

10     Geschieden                                                                 **

11     Jonas setzt sich durch                                                      *

12     Spaghetti – Fresser                                                        ***

13     Das Leben auf dem Land                                                     ***

14     Das Leben in der Stadt                                                     **

15     Stadt und Land                                                             **

16     Thema Internet                                                             ***

17     Surfen auf dem Datenhighway                                                **

18     Fernsehen                                                                  ***

19     Fernsehprogramme                                                            *



Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)         68
Higher Still German – Language Unit

Theme: Lifestyles

TEXT TITLE                                                                   STAR RATING
                                                                                (1-2-3)
20     Die eingeseifte TV-Nation                                                  **

21     Schöner als das richtige Leben                                              *

22     Zwei Filme                                                                 **

23     Die Droge Horror                                                           **

24     Filme                                                                       *

25     Zur Information – Presse                                                   ***

26     Interview mit Peter                                                         *

27     Essgewohnheiten                                                            **

28     Ernährt er sich gesund?                                                     *

29     Gentech – Soja                                                             **

30     Glück durch Diät                                                           **

31     Fit mit Frühstück                                                          ***

32     Rauchen – na und?                                                          ***

33     Raucher oder Nichtraucher?                                                 **

34     Ich kann das Rauchen nicht lassen                                          ***

35     Alkoholismus                                                               ***

36     Stefan                                                                     ***

37     Alkohol am Steuer                                                          **



Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)         69
Additional Reading Texts for Assessment Purposes - German

Contents:
The following 3 - star texts have been selected from the German Support Materials
and have been amended for use as additional reading texts for assessment purposes:

1       Theme:          Lifestyles              Spaghetti - Fresser

2       Theme:          Education and Work Schulstreß – muß er sein?

3       Theme:          The Wider World         Reisevorbereitungen

Purpose:
These texts have been developed to help centres gather evidence which they might use
as a basis for estimating how candidates might perform in the external course
assessment of Reading and Translation. The evidence generated may also be retained
as evidence in the case of an appeal being submitted for candidates.

Centres may wish to use these texts to round off the work on a particular theme or as
part of a Prelim exam. These texts approximate in terms of length and difficulty to
what might be expected in the end of course assessment and would normally be
administered to candidates who have already achieved the unit award for Reading as a
result of a successful performance in reading a text chosen from the National
Assessment Bank.

Marking Instructions:
The marking scheme for each text has been developed in line with the guidance given
to setters of the end of course assessment. The comprehension of the text is assessed
by questions in English which total 20 points and translation is assessed by the
selection of 5 sense units which are worth in total 10 points.

Reading Comprehension:
Each marking scheme contains the points of detail which candidates may be likely to
elicit from the texts in response to questions set.

As these are tests of comprehension it is important to read a candidate‟s entire answer
to any question in order to determine whether or not comprehension has been
demonstrated.

The marking scheme indicates the details required from a candidate but does not
specify any particular form of words that the candidate must use. The use of brackets
indicates information which is desirable but not essential for the point to be awarded.
The use of an oblique sign (/) indicates an alternative way of achieving the point.
Centres should annotate the marking scheme with other correct wordings of answers
they are willing to accept.
Credit should not be given if a candidate has elicited some information which may be
factually correct but which is used inappropriately or presented in such a confusing
manner as to leave the reader in doubt as to whether comprehension has been
demonstrated.

Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)      70
A candidate should not be penalised for wrong information given. However if the
wrong information contradicts correct information which the candidate has given,
then the candidate should lose the marks awarded for the correct information.

This might be demonstrated in the marking by a tick with a cross through it.

Translation:
Each sense unit is to be awarded a mark from the range 0 / 1 / 2 in accordance with
the following categories:

CATEGORY          MARK        DESCRIPTION
Good                2  Essential information and relevant details are understood
                       and conveyed clearly and accurately, with appropriate use
                       of English.

Satisfactory         1       Essential information is understood and conveyed clearly
                             and comprehensibly, although some of the details may be
                             translated in an imprecise or inaccurate manner. The key
                             message is conveyed in spite of inaccuracies and
                             weaknesses in the use of English.

Unsatisfactory       0       The candidate fails to demonstrate sufficient
                             understanding of the essential information and relevant
                             details. Errors may include mistranslation and / or the
                             failure to translate relevant details.

Centres should annotate their marking scheme with versions which they are
willing / unwilling to accept.




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)        71
Higher Still German                  Higher - Language Unit:

Additional Reading Translation Assessment Instrument

Theme: Lifestyles
Topic: Individuals in Society
Text: Spaghetti-Fresser    (Pages 72 –73)


       Read Carefully Lines 1 – 13

1      (a)   Write down what is happening in the playground
             at this time.                                                        2

       Now Read As Far As Line 30

       (b)   Why is Frau Sulzbacher angry with some pupils in the
             playground?                                                          1

       Read Lines 30 – 39

2      (a)   Why is Kalle particularly against Tonio?                             2
       (b)   What is the attitude of Kalle‟s father to Italians and
             foreigners in general?
             Give details.                                                        2

       Read Lines 40 – 76

3      (a)   Wichtelspiel is the name of a German children‟s game
             or custom. Explain exactly what the game or custom
             involves.                                                            3
       (b)   What does Kalle think of this game suggested by Frau
             Sulzbacher?                                                          1

       Read Lines 77 – 102

4      (a)   During Advent Kalle received many small gifts as part
             of the Wichtelspiel custom. Write down any 3 gifts.                  3
       (b)   Why was he particularly surprised by one gift?                       1




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)       72
       Read from line 103 to the end of the passage.

5      (a)   What final clue enabled Kalle to guess who had given
             him all the little gifts in the course of Advent?                        1
       (b)   In line 115 why, in your opinion, did Kalle not complete
             his question?                                                            1
       (c)   By the end of the passage how is it clear that Tonio and
             Kalle are now good friends?                                              2

6            From your reading of the whole passage what problem
             in German society is addressed in this story?                            1

                                                                                  20 Points

                                                                                  = 20 marks

7            Translate into English the part of the text underlined.
                                                                                  10 points

                                                                                     (30)

                                   [End of Question Paper]




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)             73
Higher Still – Higher       Spaghetti-Fresser

Marking Instructions:

1      (a)    Tonio cornered
              Tonio mocked by other pupils                                        2
       (b)    Pupils trying to provoke Tonio                                      1

2      (a)    Kalle had been strongest in class
              before Tonio‟s arrival                                              2
       (b)    They take away work from Germans
              They shouldn‟t be in German Schools                                 2

3      (a)    Each child draws another‟s name
              No-one reveals whose name they have drawn
              In Advent each person gives gifts to the person whose
              name he has drawn                                                   3
       (b)    Rubbish / stupid                                                    1

4      (a)    Any 3 from:
              cinammon biscuit/photo of
              footballer/sharpener/eraser/glass sphere/fishing
              hook/hamster                                                        3
       (b)    It moved (alive)                                                    1
                                                                                  5
5      (a)    Italian stamps                                                      1
       (b)    He realised term was insulting and no longer wished to
              use it                                                              1
       (c)    Kalle sends Tonio a Christmas card
              Tonio pins card above his bed                                       2

6             dislike/fear of foreigners                                          1

                                                                                  20

Translation

Five sense units each marked 0 / 1 / 2
7      Da fand er nach der grossen Pause einen herrlichen Satz
       italienischer Briefmarken in seinem Schreibheft
       Briefmarken? Italienische?
       Kalle blickte zweifelnd zu Tonio hinüber
       Der schaute ihn ängstlich an




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)        74
Higher Still German: Higher - Language Unit:

Additional Reading Translation Assessment Instrument

Theme: Education and Work
Topic: Critique of own School/College
Text: Schulstreß – muß er sein? (Pages 259 – 260)

        Read Carefully Lines 1 – 18

1      (a)   What social aspects of school are good for the pupils?                   2

       (b)   Some young people regard school with horror. Why
             might this be so?                                                        3

       Read Lines 20 – 50

2      (a)   Describe a typical work day for a German pupil.                          4
       (b)   According to psychologists it is not the school which
             puts pupils under pressure. What does make them feel
             pressurised?                                                             1
       (c)   What two things should they try to learn to accept?                      2

       Read lines 51 – 80

3      (a)   Sometimes pupils don‟t feel accepted in school. In what
             three ways might they feel unfairly treated by their
             teachers?                                                                3
       (b)   In what ways can they deal with these problems?                          2
       (c)   Above all what must they learn to make clear?                            1
       (d)   Why then will school no longer be such a dreadful
             prospect?                                                                1

4            From your reading of the whole passage how would you
             answer the question in the title?                                        1

                                                                                   20 Points
                                                                                  = 20 marks

5            Translate into English the part of the text underlined.
                                                                                      10
                                                                                     (30)

                                   [End of Question Paper]




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)             75
Higher Still: Higher German

Schulstreß – muß er sein?

Marking Instructions

1      (a)   meet friends
             part of group                                                        2
       (b)   they do too much
             they feel under pressure
             they might not feel accepted                                         3

2      (a)   6 periods
             4 subjects
             afternoon homework
             learning for vocab. Test or class test                               4
       (b)   They are over-ambitious                                              1
       (c)   can‟t give 100% for everything
             allowed to be lazy                                                   2

3      (a)   teacher not interested in what they say in class
             teacher “marks down” his/her work
             teacher only criticises                                              3
       (b)   talk with the person with whom there is a problem
             talk to a third party (class speaker or guidance teacher)
             to find a compromise                                                 2
       (c)   what they really want                                                1
       (d)   you know you can improve the situation                               1

4            No, + suitable reason                                                1

                                                                                  20




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)        76
TRANSLATION

Five sense units each marked 0 / 1 / 2

Man weiss naturlich nicht

Ob diese Jugendlichen wirklich ungerecht behandelt werden

Aber für sie ist das ein reales Problem

Und deshalb darf man es nicht ignorieren

Was können diese Jugendlichen tun ?




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   77
Higher Still German: Higher - Language Unit:

Additional Reading Translation Assessment Instrument

Theme: The Wider World
Topic: Holidays & Travel
Text: Reisevorbereitungen        (Pages 404 – 405)

     Read carefully lines 1 – 7                                                   Points

1    Both parents and children looked forward to a holiday in the                   2
     country.
     (a) What did the parents look forward to on such a holiday?
     (b) What did the children look forward to on such a holiday?                   2

     Read lines 8 – 24

2    How, even on winter evenings, did the children‟s father prepare
     them for the approaching summer holiday?                                       2

3    (a) Explain why their father bought postcards before their holiday?            3
     (b) Why was it so important to buy postcards?                                  1

     Read lines 25 – 34

4    (a) Why did the choice of holiday generally please the children?               1
     (b) In what two ways was their mother‟s life even harder on
     holiday?                                                                       2

     Read lines 35 – 40

5    Lots of things had to be taken on holiday. One item mentioned is
     perhaps rather unusual. What was it and why was this item also
     taken with them on holiday?                                                    3


     Read lines 41 to the end


6    What were the last two things to be done before they set off on
     holiday?                                                                       2




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)         78
7    From your reading of the whole passage, do you think the father and
     mother prepared well for the holiday? Give an appropriate reason
     in each case.                                                                    2

                                                                                   20 Points
                                                                                  = 20 marks

8    Translate into English one of the parts of the text underlined.

                                                                                  10 Points
                                                                                    (30)


                                 [End of Question Paper]




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)           79
High Still: Higher      Reisevorbereitungen

Marking Instructions:

1    (a)    had never really been city dwellers/always lived in small
            towns
            more light/less noise/some green                                       2
     (b)    getting away once a year
            discovering the unknown                                                2
                                                                                   2
2           he showed them on maps
            where they would be walking (summer paths) in the summer
            holidays                                                               2
                                                                                   3
3    (a)    cheaper
            50 Pf per dozen in shop
            1.00 Mark in holiday place                                             3
     (b)    proof you had been on holiday                                          1

4    (a)    farm/cattle                                                            1
     (b)    primitive shopping facilities
            sharing cooker with farmers                                            2

5           school things
            one hour‟s school work per day
            keeps mind ticking over                                                3
                                                                                   6
6           go to dentist
            go to hairdresser                                                      2

7           Yes/No + appropriate reason
            Yes/No + appropriate reason                                            2

                                                                                  (20)




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)        80
8       Translation

Either:

        Five sense units marked 0 / 1 / 2.

Die Wahl des Ortes war stets recht schwierig
Denn er musste billig sein
Nicht zu weit von Berlin liegen
Und er musste dem Ideal entsprechen
Das meine Eltern von landlicher Stille hatten.

Or

        Five sense units marked 0 / 1 / 2.

An manchem Winterabend
während der Schnee gegen die Fensterscheiben flog
saßen wir um Vater
und folgten seinem Finger
der uns schon jetzt unsere Sommerwege zeigte




Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   81
Modern Languages Support Materials: German Glossaries and 3 Star Texts (Higher)   82

				
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