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Au café et au restaurant

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					Au café et au restaurant

       Le français I
        Chapitre 5
     La différence entre un café et
              un restaurant
• Pretty similar
• Un café - usually more informal. Can get just a coffee
  or a meal. Usually has a more limited menu than a
  restaurant.
• Usually a restaurant is more expensive.
• Check prices - in a café, where you eat determines the
  price. If you eat outside, it is more expensive than
  inside. If you buy a sandwich at the counter to go, you
  don’t pay the “sitting fee.” Restaurants generally
  charge the same inside or outside. (I learned the hard
  way - At a café, I once paid €6 ($9) for 1 diet coke
  because I sat outside on a popular plaza!!!)
                      Customs
• When ready to order, place your menu face down on
  the table. It gives the waiter the signal that you are
  ready to order.
• Call the waiter Monsieur, Madame, or Mademoiselle,
  not Garçon.
• To get the bill at the end of the meal, ask “l’addition,
  s’il vous plaît.” If the waiter is across the room, make
  eye contact & make a hand motion like writing on
  paper. Don’t get up & search for the waiter. You’ll
  wait longer for your bill because it irritates them.
• Don’t be surprised to see a dog at an outside café.
  They are completely welcome & very well-behaved.
                      Etiquette
• Arrive on time for a dinner date. (10 min late is rude.)
• Bread is torn by hand, not cut w/a knife. It is also
  placed on the tablecloth, not a bread plate.
• Avoid adding salt, pepper, or ketchup to a dish. It
  gives the impression that you don’t think the dish is
  “good enough.”
• Don’t discuss business during dinner. Wait until
  dessert for “shop talk.”
• Eat what you are served. Don’t ask for seconds and
  try not to leave much on the plate.
• Rest your wrists on the edge of the table so that both
  hands on the table, but not the elbows.
• In a restaurant, do not talk on your cell phone.
        Food expressions
• J’ai une faim de loup! I’m as hungry as
  a wolf.
• Elle mange comme un oiseau. She
  eats like a bird (not much).
• Bon appétit! Enjoy your meal.
• Un déjeuner sur le pouce. - Lunch on
  the run.
           Les Deux Magots
        http://www.lesdeuxmagots.fr/
• Started in 1813 as a
  drapery store - the
  name came from a play
  called “the Two Magots
  of China”
• Became a restaurant in
  1914                                 QuickTime™ and a
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• Famous writers & artists      are needed to see this picture.


  came to “see and be
  seen”
• Ernest Hemingway was
  a regular
• Look at the menu on
  the site
               Café de Flore
 http://www.cafe-de-flore.com/indexa.htm

• Established 1887
• Famous writers & artists
  also came here
  regularly, sometimes
  staying the entire day to
  work, eat and socialize               QuickTime™ and a
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• Click <<La Carte>> to
  see the menu. Can
  also look at pictures on
  Historique & Albumdu
  Flore
                 Le Procope
         http://www.procope.com/
• Oldest café in Paris -
  founded in 1686
• Great French writers like               QuickTime™ and a
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  Fontaine, Balzac & Verlaine
  all were regulars.
• Benjamin Franklin,
  Robespierre, and Napoleon
  Bonaparte also ate here.
• Reservations required                      QuickTime™ and a
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• Look at the photos on the           are needed to see this picture.

  site
                   Les serveurs
• Service for tourists really depends on your treatment
  of the staff. If you use proper French, and are polite,
  you’ll get better service. (RUDE - to start speaking
  English & expect them to understand. How would you
  feel???)
• Don’t expect smiles. Smiles are not considered
  necessary to be polite. They are generally reserved
  for friends and family and they are genuine smiles. If
  the waiter doesn’t smile at you, don’t take it
  personally.
• The pace is leisurely, so don’t expect anything quickly.
• Good service is letting you enjoy your meal and
  conversation, not checking on you constantly and
  bringing you the bill quickly. You should feel welcome
  to stay as long as you’d like.
        Le pourboire - the tip

• The tip is already included in the bill. It will
  say <<service compris>> on the bill, that is
  the “tip/service included.” Usually it is 15% of
  the total.
• Customers generally round up to the whole
  euro when paying as a little bit of an extra tip.
  Ex: My bill is €5,20. I’d leave € 6.
                Une carte
• Menus are posted
  outside of the
  restaurant or café.
• Prices are listed so
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  to eat there or not.
• The waiters also
  give menus when
  you sit down.
                  Le petit-déjeuner
• Smaller than American
  breakfast
• Typically coffee, juice, a
  bread w/jam or butter.
• Fruit and/or yogurt are
  common.
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  that cater to Americans, but it
  is eaten w/warm milk. (Milk is
  usually not refrigerated in
  France because it is
  unpasturized.)
                Un croissant
• Flaky crust
• Airy inside
• Buttery taste
• Many find them
  delicious                           QuickTim e™ and a
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  prepare them fresh
  daily
• They can be made
  w/chocolate, almonds,
  or fruit cooked inside.
  Des tartines de pain beurré
• Toast is usually
  served at breakfast.
• Common toppings
  for the toast are                Quic kTi me™ a nd a
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  (Nutella is a
  chocolate-hazelnut
  spread. Yummy!)
Confiture de fraise et Nutella



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                       Des omelettes
• Une omlette nature                       • Une omlette aux
                                             fines herbes



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                           Crêpes
• Very thin pancakes
• Can be eaten at any time of
  day, but often considered                   QuickTime™ and a
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• Different ways to fold them
• Can be filled w/fruit, cheese,
  meat, anything
• Une crêperie is a restaurant
  that specializes in crêpes.                QuickTim e™ and a
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  little stands like our hot dog
  stands in cities.
                      Un jus d’orange



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                Un jus de pomme



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                                  Un café
   • Un express - dark,                • Un crème - coffee
     rich, strong coffee                 w/cream (sugar
                                         optional)



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                  Le déjeuner
• Un club sandwich au
  poulet et une salade
• Served between 12-2pm
• Lunch is typically a                 QuickTime™ and a
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  quiche with a salad and
  drink. Bread & water are
  always served.
             Un croque-monsieur
• “Mr. Crunchy”
• A toasted ham & cheese
  sandwich
• Has Gruyère cheese melted
  on top and between slices of
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• Sauce underneath the ham
  has butter, parmesan, flour,
  salt & pepper.
• My favorite lunch at a café!
  It is on every café menu.
       Un croque-madame
• Same as a croque-
  monsieur, but with
  an egg on top.
• Also on every menu            QuickTime™ and a
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  at a café.              are needed to see this picture.
         Un sandwich au jambon
• Usually the bread is a
  baguette - hard, crunchy
  crust, soft inside
• Ham, cheese (often
  melted), lettuce, tomato,              QuickTime™ and a
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  mayo
• Can be purchased “to
  go” at many delis.
  People walk down the
  street eating it rolled up
  in the paper.
  Un sandwich au fromage et
          tomate
• Baguette, melted
  mozarella cheese &
  tomato
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          Une salade verte
• 3-4 types of lettuce
• May have tomato
  and/or olives
• Usually has a                    Quic kTi me™ an d a
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  oil & vinegar base
          Une soupe à l’oignon
• Beef or chicken stock
• Red onions
• Garlic
• Bay leaf, thyme, salt             QuickTime™ and a
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  & peper
• Gruyère cheese
• Parmesan cheese
• Always served
  w/bread
           Quiche Lorraine
• Crust - Butter, egg,
  flour, salt
• Filling - ham, eggs,
  cream, cheese, salt              QuickTim e™ and a
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   Une saucisse de Francfort
         Un hot-dog
• Not eaten often like
  in the US
• Usually served in a
  toasted buttered bun            QuickTime™ and a
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• Can buy one at a          are needed to see this picture.
  sporting event like
  we do.
               Des frites
• Taste the same as
  ours
• Eaten w/salt &
  ketchup                      QuickTim e™ and a
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  in a paper cone
                   Poutine
• Only in Canada
• A specialty in Quebec
  & has spread across
  Canada                            QuickTime™ and a
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• French fries w/brown
  gravy & cheese curds
  on top.
• Some love it, some
  hate it.
                    Le dîner
• Served 7:30pm-10pm
• Usually 3 courses: hors
  d’oeuvre/entrée, plat
  principal, fromage ou               Qu ickTime ™ and a
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• The main course is
  usually meat w/pasta or
  rice and vegetables.
             Des escargots
• Snails
• Typically served w/a
  butter/garlic sauce
  (that’s what is
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  on top of the snail)
• Chewy texture
            Poulet Provençal
   http://www.epicurious.com/recipes/food/views/CHICKEN-

              BREASTS-PROVEN-AL-242287
• Chicken with
  tomatoes, garlic,
  black olives, basil
• Potatoes                               Quic kTi me™ an d a
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  Du poisson avec Ratatouille
• Fish w/ratatouille
• Ratatouille - eggplant,
  zucchini, bell pepper,
  onion, olive oil, garlic,
  basil, thyme                          QuickTime™ and a
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  om/recipes/food/views/
  MONKFISH-WITH-
  RATATOUILLE-241466
          Boeuf Bourguignon
•   Beef
•   Carrots
•   Potatoes
•   Onions                  QuickTim e™ and a
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                  Le dessert
• Typically, fruit is a
  common daily dessert at
  home.
• French desserts are
  beautiful creations.
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  as sugary sweet as our
  desserts.
• Many desserts include
  cream, a pastry dough,
  and fruit.
            Une glace au chocolat



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                                                     Un gâteau
                                                      glacé au
                                                      chocolat
       Une glace à la vanille


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                Profiterole
• A puff pastry w/
  vanilla pudding or
  ice cream between
  the layers of pastry
                                   QuickTim e™ and a
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  chocolate
           Almond Tuiles
• Sugar cookies
  w/almonds

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            Une tarte aux fraises
• Strawberry tarte
• Tartes are common
  cakes. They have a
  thick, sweet crust.
• They often have fruit on              QuickTime™ and a


  top, like strawberries,
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  raspberries, apples, or a
  mix of blueberries,
  strawberries & kiwi.
                     Sites
• http://www.francemo      • http://www.secretsof
  nthly.com/recipes.ph       paris.com/dining-
  p                          etiquette/
• http://images.google     • http://gofrance.about
  .fr/
                             .com/od/culture/a/ta
• http://www.kwintess        blemanners.htm
  ential.co.uk/articles/
  article/France/Frenc
  h-Meal-
  Etiquette/586

				
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