LAWSON HIKE

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					WODONGA TAFE                   CERTIFICATE IV IN OUTDOOR RECREATION




BUSH INTERMEDIATE ASSESSMENT




PAGE ONE                              CONTENTS PAGE


PAGE TWO                              INTRODUCTION


PAGE THREE - FOUR                     RISK ANALYSIS FORM



PAGE FIVE                             EMERGENCY CONTACTS


PAGE SIX                              CLOTHING & FOOD


PAGE SEVEN                            LEAVE NO TRACE


PAGE EIGHT                            NAVIGATION TECHNIQUES


PAGE NINE                             ROUTE CARD


PAGE TEN                              CONCLUSION




DATE: 23-09-2011




SHAUN MURTAGH                                                   1
       WODONGA TAFE                                    CERTIFICATE IV IN OUTDOOR RECREATION



       INTRODUCTION

       As a member of the Outdoor Recreation class we partook in an intermediate 5-day hike
       through the Mt Lawson National park.
       This report will cover all the skills the students need to learn to safely hike from one end
       of the park to another.
       The park is located approximately 70 kilometres north-east from Wodonga and
       encompasses an area of 1,3150 hectares.

                                         RISK ANALYSIS FORM

                                       Environment Hazards
Protruding/falling logs, and rocks.          Apply first aid to wounds. Monitor pain and condition.
        Slippery Rockland                Judge the severity of the scratch, if stitches needed evacuate.
Pollen and prickles infections from     Sit down and rest. Sipping small mouthfuls of water. Monitor. If
              plants                                         severe enough evacuate.
           Land Erosion                      Keep two meters away from edges of streams and cliffs
     Snakes and spider bites                    Bandage, splint, immobilize. Monitor. Evacuate.

           PREVENTION                                                LEGEND
                1                                                     VL = 2
                4                                                      L=3
                1                                                     M=4
                4                                                      H=5
                2                                                     VH = 6

          PROBERBIOLITY                                          1. Very unlikely (<1%)
               3                                                  2. Unlikely (1-10%)
               2                                                  3. Maybe (10-50%)
               3
               2
               1

             SEVERITY                                       1. Treated on site (First Aid Kit)
                2                                            2. Evacuated (Hospital, Home)
                3                                              3. Life Threatening (Death)
                2
                1
                2




       SHAUN MURTAGH                                                                                  2
    WODONGA TAFE                             CERTIFICATE IV IN OUTDOOR RECREATION




                                 HUMAN HAZZARDS
           Incident                                        Treatment
   Medical history incident      Give medication or treatment of what is required make sure
                                                   medical forms are filled out
       Low fitness skills          Rest and take 20min breaks in walking difficult conditions
       Poor preparation           Share food and water if new give check list of items to bring
 Lack of food or water intake.      Break for half hour and eat slowly while sipping water
Burns lighting campfire\cooker      Apply first aid to wounds. Monitor pain and condition.
   Blisters & Twisted Ankle.     Rest bandage and strap then move along carefully and slowly

         PREVENTION                                        LEGEND
              1                                             VL = 2
              2                                              L=3
              4                                             M=4
              1                                              H=5
              2                                             VH = 6
              1
        PROBERBIOLITY                                  1. Very unlikely (<1%)
              2                                         2. Unlikely (1-10%)
              3                                         3. Maybe (10-50%)
              2
              3
              1
              2
          SEVERITY                                1. Treated on site (First Aid Kit)
              4                                    2. Evacuated (Hospital, Home)
              4                                      3. Life Threatening (Death)
              3
             4-5
             5-6
              4




    SHAUN MURTAGH                                                                           3
  WODONGA TAFE                             CERTIFICATE IV IN OUTDOOR RECREATION




                              EQUIPMENT HAZARDS
         INCIDENT                                        TREATMENT
   Inappropriate clothes      Ask group if others can spare clothing and outline clothes at the
                                                       start of the trip
 Poor quality sleeping bag,           If tent is damaged share with other members
     rucksack or tent.
    Heavy equipment            Dispense evenly over other group members to lighten weight
    Faulty gas cooker                Stop use and lend cooker from a group member
Water damage to equipment     Dry equipment in the sun, always store food in waterproof bags
Broken utensils during hike   Check all equipment’s condition and durability before you leave

       PREVENTION                                         LEGEND
            1                                              VL = 2
            2                                               L=3
            1                                              M=4
           1-2                                              H=5
            1                                              VH = 6
            1
      PROBERBIOLITY                                  1. Very unlikely (<1%)
            1                                         2. Unlikely (1-10%)
            2                                         3. Maybe (10-50%)
            3
            3
            1
            2
        SEVERITY                                1. Treated on site (First Aid Kit)
            2                                    2. Evacuated (Hospital, Home)
            3                                      3. Life Threatening (Death)
            4
            4
            3
            2




  SHAUN MURTAGH                                                                           4
WODONGA TAFE                                   CERTIFICATE IV IN OUTDOOR RECREATION




EMERGENCY CONTACTS

Fire, Police, Ambulance 000 (General Danger)

National Park Rangers in area: 131 963 (call before camp)

Local Police Phone: 02 4759 1087 (Specific Danger)

Evacuation Points

Day 1: Fire brace Track
Day 2: Koetong Creek Track – Mt Lawson Track
Day 3: Thologolong Track
Day 4: Flaggy Creek Track – Murray Valley HWY

Water Collection Points

Day two: Koetong creek
Day three: Mt Lawson (Water Drop)
Day four: Flaggy Creek
Day Five: Flaggy Creek (Creek Crossing)




SHAUN MURTAGH                                                                   5
WODONGA TAFE                                   CERTIFICATE IV IN OUTDOOR RECREATION



FOOD REQUIRED

Food             Snacks           Breakfast          Lunch               Dinner
Day 1            4 pieces of      N/A                Wraps,              Steak: D
                 fruit,                              Salami,
                 5 muesli                            Sun dried
                 bars,                               tomato,
                 Fruit nut mix                       Capsicum,
                 packet.                             Cucumber,
                                                     Cheese,
                                                     Mayonnaise
Day 2                             Powdered milk,     As above            Chicken stu from
                                  Muesli,                                ration pack
                                  Coffee satchels

Day 3                             As above           As above            Sunday roast
                                                                         from ration pack

Day 4                             As above           As above            Ration pack meal

Day 5                             As above           As above            N/A

CLOTHING REQUIRED

Clothes                Core                   Mid                     Outer

                       2 thermal top          3 shirts                Waterproof jacket
Top                                           Jumper & vest

                       5 undies               2 pants, shorts &       Waterproof pants
Bottom                 1 thermal pair         trackies

Feet                   5 pairs of socks       Spare shoes             Boots



Reflection
I packed a larger sleeping matt as my other one was torn took up a lot of room next time I
will buy a replacement. I brought a good amount of food for the trip although next time I
will take smaller food containers. All of it was eaten by the last day. All the items in my
pack were needed and used.




SHAUN MURTAGH                                                                                 6
WODONGA TAFE                                     CERTIFICATE IV IN OUTDOOR RECREATION


LEAVE NO TRACE

Rubbish was carried with us in a rubbish bag in our packs. We made sure we did a
rubbish sweep when we had finished at a campsite or break area.

Campsite- when leaving our campsite the group made sure everything was packed and
the fire was covered as well as seats we had used randomly placed in other areas.

The fire scar on the ground would be obvious at that stage as well as the dirt tracks
through the swamp and grass that we walked through may not yet have recuperated.

Fireplace- there was a fire each night as the weather was cold enough to need one for
warmth. The fire was built in a small pit we dug in the ground. Every time we left the
campsite we covered the fire scar up with soil and the grass we dug up we then placed
back on top of the soil. This is done in order so we won’t leave any fire scar, as the grass
will have opportunity to recuperate.

Excrement- each member was fifty metres away from water and twenty-five meters away
from camp so as not to cause a smell and keep the water clean. A pit was dug in the
ground and covered with dirt and sticks.

Bush bashing- though we had made an impact on the bush land most of the area was
large regrowth from the recent bush fires, which is no excuse that that much damage
should happen though if we give twelve months the land should recuperate.


Interpreting Weather

                        Temp. /Cloud Cover      Wind                     Forecast
Day 1                   15˚/Clear               Slight NE                Fine / Sunny
Day 2                   14˚/Clear               Slight NE                Fine / Sunny
Day 3                   15˚/Clear               Slight N                 Fine / Sunny
Day 4                   13˚/Cirrus Cloud        Med. NW                  Partly Cloudy
Day 5                   13˚/Nimbostratus        Med. NW                  Showers and
                        causing showers                                  thunderstorm




SHAUN MURTAGH                                                                                  7
WODONGA TAFE                                   CERTIFICATE IV IN OUTDOOR RECREATION


Navigation Techniques

Attack points I used this in my solo when I had to get to a certain point but I used the
river crossings as my attack points

Collecting features An example of a collecting feature was the road that circled all the
way around the area when I was doing my solo. If I saw the road I should stay on the
inside of it.

Handrails throughout the third day when we were asked to find the pickets on our solo
one was placed adjacent to the stream running to the left on the map and to my position
using this as a handrail I rough navigated to the next checkpoint.

Aiming-off! Aiming-off involved studying the map in the vicinity of your destination and
checking for handrails, which, if followed, would lead close to your destination.

Pacing to pace out the correct distance for how far 50 meters and 100 meters was is
vital for bush navigating. I used timing and Naismith's rule to guess distances and
approximate locations on my map of my location.

Contained area During our solo hikes the area we were walking in was a contained area
as it had a road all the way around it.

Contouring During our first solo my partner and me walked on our bearing though for
the environment we were in we should of used contouring as

Rough Navigation Once our group knew we were on a stable road or in a large group of
navigators most of us used rough navigation.

Walking on bearing landmark Although bearing landmarks can be hard to follow at
time from tree to tree I picked a distinguishing downed tree or stump to keep track of my
bearings.

Following a linear feature Landmarks Although we didn’t have to I used landmarks a
lot to conform where I was and what

Back bearing I used a back bearing when I walked past an earlier bearing and felt
disorientated. I took a bearing back to the last point I remembered and orientated myself
again.

Orientating the map Whenever I looked at my map I orientated it with the direction of
the land so to be able to see where I am more effectively and efficiently.

Thumbing the map Holding the map with your thumb sitting on the location you’re at
helps me when I want to quickly glance where I am. Instead of trying to find yourself on
the map again.

Detour an obstacle Occasionally when walking I would come across a large fallen tree,
rocks, or a pit in the ground. When doing this I counted my steps it took walking to the

SHAUN MURTAGH                                                                               8
WODONGA TAFE                                    CERTIFICATE IV IN OUTDOOR RECREATION


side around it and when past I recounted those steps in reverse to take me back to the
correct bearing.

Naismith's Rule I used Naismith's every time I set out to walk from one point to the
next. It was used to calculate the distance I had to walk, how far up and down and how
long it would take.

Resection I did a resection on the second day from two knolls as we were lost and
needed to know how far exactly check that I was at 2.3.


ROUTE CARD & DIRECTION

Hiking route for Mt Lawson                        Dates: 31/08/2011 to 04/04/2011

Leaders: Jade Wilson Andrew Davis         Number of party: seventeen

Teaching Bush Intermediate

Map Used & Scale: Lawson 8325-1-1 Home flat 83226-1-1

Leaving From         G.R            Bearing              Distance (km) ETA

Corryong HWY         363075               255`           3.5                  1600

Koetong Creek        386959               40`            8.5                  1800

Mt Lawson Camp       375859               15`            5.0                  1600

Tin Mine Campsite    439586               385`           6.0                  1500

Murray Valley HWY 383846                  -              -                    -

Total                -                    -              32.5km               120HRS




SHAUN MURTAGH                                                                            9
WODONGA TAFE                                   CERTIFICATE IV IN OUTDOOR RECREATION



CONCLUSION

       After completing this hike then having to write out each detail there are a lot more
plans required by the leaders to have knowledge of and show the students.

       Ranging from navigating techniques to the directions and estimated arrival of
each campsite, it didn’t occur to me the amount of work I put into navigating without
knowing how much it adds up to in the end.

       With this knowledge that is what separates us from future students who we will
take navigating in the future.




SHAUN MURTAGH                                                                                 10

				
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