Infancy Emotional and Social Development

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					Infancy: Emotional and
  Social Development
Crystal Rhoads, Sara Hardin,
    and Jennifer Souder
   Child Development 4B
  Emotional Development
• The process of learning to
  recognize and express one’s feelings
  and learning to establish one’s
  identity and individuality
• The realization of one’s own identity
  and emotions is shown in an
  emotionally developed person
  Emotional Development

• Self-confidence, the ability to
  handle stressful situations, and the
  display of empathy toward others
  are characteristics that an
  emotionally healthy adult should
  have started developing in early
     Social Development
• The process of learning to interact
  with others and to express oneself
  to others
• A tolerance for others and being
  able to interact peacefully with
  others are two abilities that a
  socially developed person should
     Social Development

• Listening to all points of view
  before acting, communicating
  accurately with others, and treating
  both themselves and other people
  with respect and dignity are
  characteristics that a socially
  healthy adult should have started
  developing in early childhood
    Emotional and Social
• Emotional and social development
  are intertwined
• A child’s feelings about themselves
  and the way they act toward others
  are dependant on one another
• This development begins early on in
  childhood, as early as infancy
    Emotional and Social
• Observing and understanding the
  feelings and relationships of a child
  is important to that child’s
  emotional and social development
• Being able to respond to each
  child’s age level and maturity is key
  in this development
          Building Trust
• The infant must feel comfortable in its
  environment and feel that it is a
  friendly place.
• If the infant is provided with proper
  care and comfort a sense of security is
• A daily routine or schedule builds trust.
• Building trust in infancy is very
  important to the baby’s social and
  emotional development in later life as
  well as development in the infant
• The most obvious sign of infant’s
• “Good” babies seldom cry and are
  easy to comfort
• “Difficult” babies cry often and
  loudly and are hard to comfort
      Why do babies cry?
• Need attention
• Hungry
• Needs diaper
• Too cold or too
• Needs to burp or
  pass gas
Parents                   Infant
• Cuddle & rock           • Suck thumb, fist,
  – The gentle movement
    soothes baby
                            pacifier, etc.
• Move baby to a new      • Cuddle with soft
  position                  blanket or stuffed
  – Baby is not strong      toy
    enough to roll over
• Talk softly or sing     • Twist/twirl hair
• Offer toy to
  interest or distract
       Emotions in Infancy
• Babies gradually develop specific
• At birth emotions are satisfaction
  or pleasure (quiet) and pain or
  discomfort (crying)
• After the second month baby
  gradually develops different cries or
  noises to express different feelings
Developing Pleasant
          • Delight
            – Developed at 2
            – Shown by smiling
          • Elation
            – Developed at 5-6
          • Affection
            – Developed at 9
Developing Unpleasant
          • Distress
             – Developed at birth
             – Showed by crying
          • Anger
             – Developed at 4-5 months
             – Showed by throwing or
          • Disgust
             – Developed at 4-5 months
             – Showed through facial
          • Fear
             – Developed at 6 months
             – Showed by crying
Signs of Social Development
      birth to 6 months
          • BIRTH: Respond to human voices

   • ONE MONTH: Calmed by touch or familiar face.

  • TWOMONTHS: Smile at people, follow movement

• THREE MONTHS: Turn head at the sound of a voice.

         • FOUR MONTHS: Laugh out loud.

  • FIVE MONTHS: Increased interest in other family
           members, toys, and themselves.

• SIX MONTHS: Babies love company and attention. They
        love to play games such as Peek-A-Boo.
 Signs of Social Development
    seven months to 1 year
• SEVEN MONTHS: Babies prefer family members rather
  than strangers.

• EIGHT MONTHS: Babies prefer to be in a room with
  others. Many can roam around.

• NINE & TEN MONTHS: Love attention. They enjoy being
  chased. They often throw toys around, only because
  someone else will pick them up!

• ELEVEN & TWELVE MONTHS: Friendly and happy.
  Sensitive to the emotions of other people. They enjoy being
  the center of attention. They like to play games, and
  tolerate people outside of their immediate family.
Common Personality Traits
   “The Sensitive Child”
• Unusually aware of his/her surroundings.

• Need more than the average amount of love and

• Likely to become fearful of new experiences.

• Parents should be especially patient and
Common Personality Traits
   “The Placid Child”
• Remarkably easygoing and accepting of
  his or her surroundings.

• Cheerful and Quiet and willing

• Sometimes placid children can be
  “forgotten”. Parents need to give these
  children just as much attention as other
Common Personality Traits
  “The Aggressive Child”
• Unusually strong-willed and determined.

• Eat more heartily, cry more loudly, and kick
  more strenuously

• Enjoy trying new things.

• Express anger when they don’t get their way.

• Parents need to remember that aggressive
  children need love, praise, and immediate
         Works Cited

• The Developing Child textbook

• http://www.portrait-
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