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					Course: Chemistry
Preface:

Below is the curriculum map for Chemistry. In addition to the content, skills, and alignment to the Connecticut state
standards, this map embeds assessments in classroom instruction. Assessment is critical to show not only what teachers
are teaching but, more importantly, to indicate what students are learning.

In order for teachers to determine if students have learned the content, skills, and standards listed in the curriculum maps,
the Diocese has developed several assessments. Your child’s learning is assessed by using a variety of methods such as
written responses, oral communication, and performance assessments.

Teachers use both formative assessments (to inform instruction and on-going student progress) and summative
assessments (to indicate overall student achievement). Some formative assessments include: teacher observations,
quizzes, tests, homework, class participation, portfolios of student work, student self-assessment, rubrics, projects, journal
writing, oral exams, media presentations, and teacher/student conferences. The Diocese also administers the ACT
(American College Testing) in Science in grade 11.



Unit 1 The Field of Chemistry
 Content                              Skills                             Standards
Five traditional areas of study in   Identify the five main areas of    D.INQ.3    ~ Formulate a testable hypothesis and demonstrate logical
chemistry and research.              chemistry research.                connections between the scientific concepts guiding the hypothesis
                                                                        and the design of the experiment.
                                     Describe some current foci of
                                     chemical research.                 D.INQ.5     ~ Identify independent and dependent variables, including
                                                                        those that are kept constant and those used as controls.
                                     Identify steps in the scientific
                                     method                             D.INQ.1       ~ Identify questions that can be answered through
                                                                        scientific investigation.
                                     Explain why collaboration and
                                     communication are important in
                                                                        D.INQ.2     ~ Read, interpret and examine the credibility and validity of


Chemistry                                                                                                                                   Page 1
                                science.                             scientific claims in different sources of information.

                                Identify general steps in problem    D.INQ.6    ~ Use appropriate tools and techniques to make
                                solving.                             observations and gather data.

                                Describe different methods of
                                problem solving.




Unit 2 Matter
 Content                         Skills                               Standards
States of Matter & Changes in   Differentiate between the states of 9.1.1 ~ Describe the effects of adding energy to matter in terms of the
Matter                          matter.                             motion of atoms and molecules, and the resulting phase changes

                                Describe the state changes that
                                can occur.

                                Define physical property and list
                                several common physical
                                properties of substances.

                                Describe a physical change in a
                                substance.

                                Categorize a sample of matter as a
                                substance or a mixture.

                                Distinguish between homogenous
                                and heterogeneous samples of
                                matter.

                                Describe ways that components of
                                mixtures can be separated.

                                Explain the difference between



Chemistry                                                                                                                               Page 2
                          elements and compound.

                          Describe what happens during a
                          chemical change.

                          Describe the law of conservation of
                          mass.

                          Apply the law of conservation of
                          mass to reactions.




Unit 3 Chemistry Calculations
 Content                   Skills                                Standards
Scientific Measurement    Convert measurements to scientific D.INQ.7     ~ Assess the reliability of the data that was generated in
                          notation.                          the investigation.

                          Make calculations using scientific    D.INQ.5     ~ Identify independent and dependent variables, including
                          notation.                             those that are kept constant and those used as controls.

                          Distinguish among the accuracy,       D.INQ.6    ~ Use appropriate tools and techniques to make
                          precision, and error of a             observations and gather data.
                          measurement.
                                                                D.INQ.8     ~ Use mathematical operations to analyze and interpret
                          Identify the number of significant
                                                                data, and present relationships between variables in appropriate forms.
                          figures in a measurement and in
                          the result of a calculation.

                          List SI units of measurement and
                          common SI prefixes.

                          Distinguish between mass and
                          weight of an object.

                          Convert among Fahrenheit,



Chemistry                                                                                                                         Page 3
                   Celsius, and Kelvin scales.

                   Construct conversion factors from
                   equivalent measurements.

                   Apply the techniques of
                   dimensional analysis to a variety of
                   conversion problems.

                   Calculate density of a material
                   from experimental data.




Unit 4 The Atom
 Content            Skills                                 Standards
Atomic Structure   Trace the idea of the atom             1.1 ~ Students know how to relate the position of an element in the
                   throughout history.                    periodic table to its atomic number and atomic mass.

                   Identify three types of subatomic      1.4 ~ Students know how to use the periodic table to determine the
                   particles.                             number of electrons available for bonding.

                   Describe the evolution of atomic       1.8 ~ Students know the experimental basis for Thomson’s discovery
                   models.                                of the electron, Rutherford’s nuclear atom, Millikan’s oil drop
                                                          experiment, and Einstein’s explanation of the photoelectric effect.
                   Show how the periodic table
                   reveals facts about the subatomic
                                                          1.5 ~ Students know the nucleus of the atom is much smaller than the
                   particles of elements.
                                                          atom yet contains most of its mass.
                   Explain what isotopes are.

                   Calculate the number of neutrons
                   in an atom.

                   Calculate the atomic mass of an
                   element.



Chemistry                                                                                                                   Page 4
                              Define isotopes and ions.




Unit 5 Electronic Structure
 Content                       Skills                                   Standards
Quantum Mechanics             Explain the electromagnetic        1.10 ~ Students know that spectral lines are the result of transitions of
                              spectrum.                          electrons between energy levels and that these lines correspond to
                                                                 photons with a frequency related to the energy spacing between levels
                              Describe the relationship between by using Planck’s relationship (E = hv).
                              the wavelength and frequency of
                              light.                             1.9 ~ Students know the experimental basis for the development of the
                                                                 quantum theory of atomic structure and the historical importance of the
                              Explain how frequencies of light   Bohr model of the atom.
                              are related to changes in electron
                              energies.

                              Describe the energies and
                              positions of electrons according to
                              the quantum mechanical model.

                              Describe how the shapes of
                              orbitals at different sublevels differ.

                              Describe how to write each atom's
                              electron configuration.

                              Explain why the actual
                              configurations for some elements
                              differ from those predicted by the
                              aufbau principle.

                              Draw orbital diagrams.




Chemistry                                                                                                                            Page 5
Unit 6 The Periodic Table
 Content                     Skills                               Standards
Organizing the Elements     Explain how elements are            1.1 ~ Students know how to relate the position of an element in the
                            organized in a periodic table.      periodic table to its atomic number and atomic mass.

                            Identify three broad classes of     1.7 ~ Students know how to relate the position of an element in the
                            elements.                           periodic table to its quantum electron configuration and to its reactivity
                                                                with other elements in the table.
                            Identify the information a periodic
                            table provides.                     1.4 ~ Students know how to use the periodic table to determine the
                                                                number of electrons available for bonding.
                            Classify elements based on
                            electron configuration.
                                                                1.3 ~ Students know how to use the periodic table to identify alkali
                                                                metals, alkaline earth metals and transition metals, trends in ionization
                            Describe trends among elements. energy, electronegativity, and the relative sizes of ions and atoms.

                            Match common elements with their
                            atomic symbols.                  1.2 ~ Students know how to use the periodic table to identify metals,
                                                             semimetals, nonmetals, and halogens.

                                                                1.6 ~ Students know how to use the periodic table to identify the
                                                                lanthanide, actinide, and transactinide elements and know that the
                                                                transuranium elements were synthesized and identified in laboratory
                                                                experiments through the use of nuclear accelerators.




Chemical Bonding
 Content                     Skills                               Standards
Ionic Bonding               Determine the number of valence     2.1 ~ Students know atoms combine to form molecules by sharing
                            electrons in an atom of a           electrons to form covalent or metallic bonds or by exchanging electrons
                            representative element.             to form ionic bonds.

                            List the elements whose atoms       2.7 ~ Students know how electronegativity and ionization energy relate
                            tend to gain electrons and those    to bond formation.


Chemistry                                                                                                                             Page 6
                          that tend to lose electrons.          2.5 ~ Students know how to draw Lewis dot structures.

                          Describe how cations form.            2.3 ~ Students know salt crystals, such as NaCl, are repeating patterns
                                                                of positive and negative ions held together by electrostatic attraction.
                          Draw Lewis structure diagrams
                          showing valence electrons.




                          Model ionic bonding with Lewis
                          structure diagrams.

                          Explain the electrical charge of an
                          ionic compound.

                          Describe properties of ionic
                          compounds.

                          Model the valence electrons of
                          metal atoms.




Chemical Bonding Part 2
 Content                   Skills                                Standards
Covalent Bonding          Distinguish molecular compounds       2.2 ~ Students know chemical bonds between atoms in molecules
                          from lonic compounds.                 such as H2, CH4, NH3, H CCH2, N2, Cl2, and many large biological
                                                                molecules are covalent.
                          Identify the information a molecular
                          formula provides.                    2.7 ~ Students know how electronegativity and ionization energy relate
                                                               to bond formation.
                          State a rule that usually tells you
                          how many electrons are shared to 2.5 ~ Students know how to draw Lewis dot structures.
                          form covalent bonds.
                                                                2.8 ~ Students know how to identify solids and liquids held together by
                          Demonstrate how electron dot
                                                                Van der Waals forces or hydrogen bonding and relate these forces to
                          diagrams (Lewis structure

Chemistry                                                                                                                          Page 7
                              diagrams) are used.                    volatility and boiling/melting point temperatures.

                              Use Lewis structures to model          2.6 ~ Students know how to predict the shape of simple molecules and
                              covalent bonding                       their polarity from Lewis dot structures.

                              Apply a rule to determine when two
                              atoms are likely to be joined by a
                              double or triple bond.

                              Distinguish between a covalent
                              bond and a coordinate covalent
                              bond.

                              Distinguish between polar and
                              non-polar covalent bonds.

                              Describe how the strength of a
                              covalent bond is related to its bond
                              dissociation energy.

                              Describe the relationship between
                              atomic and molecular orbitals.

                              Describe the different types of
                              intermolecular forces.




Nomenclature
 Content                       Skills                                 Standards
Chemical Names and Formulas   Determine the charges of            10.5 ~ Students know how to identify the functional groups that form
                              monatomic ions by using the         the basis of alcohols, ketones, ethers, amines, esters, aldehydes, and
                              periodic table, and write the names organic acids.
                              of the ions.
                                                                  10.1 ~ Students know large molecules (polymers), such as proteins,
                              Determine a polyatomic ion, and     nucleic acids, and starch, are formed by repetitive combinations of
                              write the names and formulas of     simple subunits.


Chemistry                                                                                                                            Page 8
                        the most common polyatomic ions.
                                                               10.4 ~ Students know the system for naming the ten simplest linear
                        Apply the rules of naming and          hydrocarbons and isomers that contain single bonds, simple
                        writing formulas for binary ionic      hydrocarbons with double and triple bonds, and simple molecules that
                        compounds and for compounds            contain a benzene ring.
                        with polatomic ions.

                        Interpret the prefixes in the names
                        of molecular compounds in terms
                        of their chemical formulas.

                        Apply the rules for naming and
                        writing formulas for binary
                        molecular compounds.

                        Apply three rules for naming acids
                        in naming and writing formulas.




Stoichiometry
 Content                 Skills                                 Standards
Formula Stoichiometry   Explain the concept of the mole.       3.4 ~ Students know how to determine the molar mass of a molecule
                                                               from its chemical formula and a table of atomic masses and how to
                        Calculate the formula mass and         convert the mass of a molecular substance to moles, number of
                        molar mass of any given                particles, or volume of gas at standard temperature and pressure.
                        compound.
                                                               3.3 ~ Students know one mole equals 6.02 x 1023 particles (atoms or
                        Use molar mass to convert              molecules).
                        between mass in grams and
                        amount in moles of a compound.         3.2 ~ Students know the quantity one mole is set by defining one mole
                                                               of carbon 12 atoms to have a mass of exactly 12 grams.
                        Discuss Avogadro's Number

                        Calculate the number of
                        molecules, formula units, or ions in
                        a given molar amount of a


Chemistry                                                                                                                       Page 9
                     compound.

                     Calculate the percent composition
                     of given compounds.

                     Determine an empirical formula
                     from either a percentage or mass
                     composition.

                     Explain the relationship between
                     the empirical formula and the
                     molecular formula of a coonhound.

                     Determine a molecular formula
                     from an empirical formula.




Reactions
 Content              Skills                              Standards
Chemical Reactions   Explain how to write a word         3.1 ~ Students know how to describe chemical reactions by writing
                     equation.                           balanced equations.

                     Describe how to write a skeleton    3.7 ~ Students know how to identify reactions that involve oxidation
                     equation.                           and reduction and how to balance oxidation-reduction reactions.

                     List the steps for writing a
                     complete chemical equation.

                     Demonstrate redox reactions.

                     Identify a reaction by type.

                     Predict the products of the five
                     general types of reactions.

                     Determine a complete, balanced


Chemistry                                                                                                                 Page 10
                         chemical equation, given a
                         skeleton equation.

                         Determine a complete, balanced
                         chemical equation, given a word
                         equation.

                         Write a word description of a
                         chemical reaction, given a
                         balanced chemical equation.

                         Explain the function of a catalyst in
                         a chemical reaction.




Stoichiometry Part 2
 Content                  Skills                                  Standards
Equation Stoichiometry   Calculate the quantities of             3.6 ~ Students know how to calculate percent yield in a chemical
                         reactants required or product           reaction.
                         formed in a chemical process.
                                                                 3.5 ~ Students know how to calculate the masses of reactants and
                         Interpret balance chemical              products in a chemical reaction from the mass of one of the reactants
                         equations in terms of interacting       or products and the relevant atomic masses.
                         moles, representative particles,
                         masses & gas volume at STP.             3.4 ~ Students know how to determine the molar mass of a molecule
                                                                 from its chemical formula and a table of atomic masses and how to
                         Construct mole ratios from              convert the mass of a molecular substance to moles, number of
                         balanced chemical equations and         particles, or volume of gas at standard temperature and pressure.
                         apply these ratios in mole-mole
                         stoichiometric calculations.
                                                                 4.4 ~ Students know the values and meanings of standard temperature
                                                                 and pressure (STP).
                         Calculate stiochiometric quantities
                         from balanced chemical equations,
                         using units of various chemical
                         quantities.



Chemistry                                                                                                                           Page 11
                           Identify and use the limiting
                           reagent in a reaction to calculate
                           the maximum amount of product
                           produced and the amount of
                           excess reagent.

                           Distinguish between theoretical
                           yields, actual yields, and percent
                           yields.

                           Calculate percent yield given the
                           actual yield.

                           Solution Concentration - compute
                           molarity and molality.




Kinetic Molecular Theory of Matter
 Content                    Skills                               Standards
States of Matter and       State the Kinetic Molecular theory 2.8 ~ Students know how to identify solids and liquids held together by
Transformations            of matter and explain how it       Van der Waals forces or hydrogen bonding and relate these forces to
                           explains the behavior of solids,   volatility and boiling/melting point temperatures.
                           liquids and gases.
                                                              2.3 ~ Students know salt crystals, such as NaCl, are repeating patterns
                           State the Kinetic Molecular theory of positive and negative ions held together by electrostatic attraction.
                           of matter and explain how it
                           exlpains the behavior of solids,   4.1 ~ Students know the random motion of molecules and their
                           liquids and gases.                 collisions with a surface create the observable pressure on that
                                                                surface.
                           Describe and Explain the
                           arrangement of atoms in a metal.
                                                                4.2 ~ Students know the random motion of molecules explains the
                                                                diffusion of gases.
                           Explain the importance of alloys.

                           Describe the processes in the
                           change of one state of matter to


Chemistry                                                                                                                      Page 12
            another.

            Describe the structure of a water
            molecule and how it relates to its
            physical properties.




Gas Laws
 Content     Skills                              Standards
Gases       Describe the relationship between 4.9 ~ Students know how to apply Dalton’s law of partial pressures to
            pressure, volume, temperature,     describe the composition of gases and Graham’s law to predict
            and number of moles in gases       diffusion of gases.
            using:
                                               4.5 ~ Students know how to convert between the Celsius and Kelvin
            Boyle's law, Charles's law, Gay-   temperature scales.
            Lussac's law, Avegardro's law,
            Ideal Gas law, and Dalton's Law of 4.8 ~ Students know how to solve problems by using the ideal gas law
            Partial Pressures and the          in the form PV = nRT.
            Combined Gas law
                                              4.7 ~ Students know the kinetic theory of gases relates the absolute
            Use the combined gas law to solve
                                              temperature of a gas to the average kinetic energy of its molecules or
            problems.
                                              atoms.
            Compute the value of an unknown
            variable in the equation for the 4.6 ~ Students know there is no temperature lower than 0 Kelvin.
            ideal gas law.

            Explain the difference between a
            real and ideal law.




Acid-Base
 Content     Skills                              Standards


Chemistry                                                                                                       Page 13
Acid-Base Theories   Compare and contrast acids and     5.2 ~ Students know acids are hydrogen-ion-donating and bases are
                     bases (and their properties)       hydrogen-ion accepting substances.

                     Classify a solution as neutral,    5.7 ~ Students know buffers stabilize pH in acid–base reactions.
                     acidic, or basic.
                                                        5.6 ~ Students know how to calculate pH from the hydrogen-ion
                     Explain the pH scale.              concentration.

                     Describe the purpose of pH
                                                        5.4 ~ Students know how to use the pH scale to characterize acid and
                     indicators.
                                                        base solutions.
                     Explain how acid-base titration is
                     used to calculate the concentration 5.3 ~ Students know strong acids and bases fully dissociate and weak
                     of an acid or a base.               acids and bases partially dissociate.

                                                        5.5 ~ Students know the Arrhenius, Brønsted-Lowry, and Lewis acid–
                                                        base definitions.

                                                        5.1 ~ Students know the observable properties of acids, bases, and
                                                        salt solutions.




Nuclear Reactivity
 Content              Skills                             Standards
Nuclear Chemistry    Explain how an unstable nucleus    11.5 ~ Students know alpha, beta, and gamma radiation produce
                     releases energy.                   different amounts and kinds of damage in matter and have different
                                                        penetrations.
                     Describe the three main types of
                     nuclear radiation.                 11.6 ~ Students know how to calculate the amount of a radioactive
                                                        substance remaining after an integral number of half lives have
                     Describe the type of decay a       passed.
                     radioisotope undergoes.
                                                          11.7 ~ Students know protons and neutrons have substructures and
                     Make calculations that involve half- consist of particles called quarks.
                     life.
                                                        11.1 ~ Students know protons and neutrons in the nucleus are held

Chemistry                                                                                                                  Page 14
                                  Compare and contrast fission and together by nuclear forces that overcome the electromagnetic repulsion
                                  fusion reactions.                between the protons.

                                  Describe how radiation is both         11.3 ~ Students know some naturally occurring isotopes of elements
                                  harmful and helpful to human life,     are radioactive, as are isotopes formed in nuclear reactions.
                                  depending upon the type and
                                  nature of the radiation.               11.2 ~ Students know the energy release per gram of material is much
                                                                         larger in nuclear fusion or fission reactions than in chemical reactions.
                                                                         The change in mass (calculated by E = mc2) is small but significant in
                                                                         nuclear reactions.

                                                                         11.4 ~ Students know the three most common forms of radioactive
                                                                         decay (alpha, beta, and gamma) and know how the nucleus changes
                                                                         in each type of decay.




Chemical Kinetics and Equilibrium
 Content                           Skills                                 Standards
Reaction Rates and Equilibrium    Describe how to express the rate       9.2 ~ Students know equilibrium is established when forward and
- Note: covered as time permits   of a chemical reaction.                reverse reaction rates are equal.

                                  Identify four factors that influence   8.2 ~ Students know how reaction rates depend on such factors as
                                  the rate of a chemical reaction.       concentration, temperature, and pressure.

                                  Describe how the amounts of            9.1 ~ Students know how to use LeChatelier’s principle to predict the
                                  reactants and products change in       effect of changes in concentration, temperature, and pressure.
                                  a chemical system at equilibrium.
                                                                         9.3 ~ Students know how to write and calculate an equilibrium constant
                                  Explain what the value of Keq
                                                                         expression for a reaction.
                                  indicates about the position of
                                  equilibrium.
                                                                         8.4 ~ Students know the definition and role of activation energy in a
                                  Explain the concept of entropy.        chemical reaction.

                                  Describe the role of entropy in        8.1 ~ Students know the rate of reaction is the decrease in
                                                                         concentration of reactants or the increase in concentration of products

Chemistry                                                                                                                                   Page 15
            chemical reactions.                    with time.

            Interpret the hills and valleys in a   8.3 ~ Students know the role a catalyst plays in increasing the reaction
            reaction progress curve.               rate.




Chemistry                                                                                                            Page 16

				
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