NAACP Winter Issue 2009 by Langstona

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ebrating Cel
1909-2009 100 Years in The Struggle



Long Beach Centennial Members
In this centennial year of the NAACP we honor these Long Beach members who inspires us and promotes the premise of the NAACP. They are courageous ordinary men and women who decided to champion what is right … equality and justice.
Mamie Lawson Dumas-93 Years old. In my life time I have seen many changes in American society that have improved the quality of life for Black people, and the NAACP was at the forefront in making these things happen. Dr. Ebenezer BushThe first African American dentist to practice in the city of Long Beach Luther Evans – Worked at Pearl Harbor at the time of the Japanese bombing. He was 9 years old when the NAACP was organized. Lillian Wesley – In 1957, she became a park supervisor in the city’s recreation department

Celebrate aCentury
of the NAACP

Doris Topsey-Elvord – The First African American Harbor Commissioner in the city of Long Beach and Vice Mayor Dr. Ruth Hayes – An educator that became the liaison for the LA County Office of Education and the education specialist for the Head Start State Preschool Program Clarence Long – The first African American Engineering Supervisor in the city of Long Beach

Bill Barnes - was the first African American administrator at Long Beach City College. He also worked at Compton Community before it was fully intergrated. Judge Marcus Tucker The first African American Municipal Judge in Los Angeles County and was elected presiding judge and served as the administrative head of the second largest court system in Los Angeles County Evelyn Knight – Marched with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama

Minnie Douglas – The first Department Head and the Program Director at Long Beach City College

Maycie Herrington – 91 years old. She was one of the first black social workers in Los Angeles County and secretary to legendary African American Tuskegee Airman Autrilla Scott – The first local African American to have a street named in her honor; she was the babysitter of former President Bill Clinton. Henry Meyer Born in Berlin, Germany, is a Holocaust survivor. He believes we are all entitled to justice and equality without regard to race, gender, creed or religion. The work of the NAACP the nation’s , oldest civil rights organization, has created positive change in America
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P. O. Box 1594 Long Beach, CA 90801

Bobbie Smith – The first Board of Education Member and President for the Long Beach Unified School District

Marie Treadwell – The first African American woman to be employed by Proctor & Gamble in 1959



Celebrating A Century: 1909-2009

Facts About the NAACP Now & Then ,
From the ballot box to the classroom, the dedicated workers, organizers, and leaders who forged this great organization and maintain its status as a champion of social justice, fought long and hard to ensure that the voices of African Americans would be heard. For nearly one hundred years, it has been the talent and tenacity of NAACP members that has saved lives and changed many negative aspects of American society.
effort, participating students develop the confidence and skills needed to excel in school and in life. ACT-SO currently includes 26 categories of competition in the sciences, humanities, business, and performing and visual arts. Despite fighting for his country as part of the Battle of Normandy, Evers soon found that his skin color gave him no freedom when he and five friends were forced away at gunpoint from voting in a local election. As an adult, Medgar became involved with the Regional Council of Negro Leadership (RCNL), a civil rights and pro self-help organization. He helped to organize the RCNL’s boycott of service stations that denied blacks use of their restrooms. Along with his brother, Charles Evers, he also attended the RCNL’s annual conferences in Mound Bayou between 1952 and 1954, which drew crowds of ten thousand or more. A true pioneer of the Civil Rights Movement, Medgar Evers was assassinated on June 12, 1963. Myrlie and their three small children saw the murder at the front door of their home in Jackson, Mississippi. They lived under constant threats as they worked for voting rights, economic stability, fair housing, equal education, equal justice, and dignity. Following the murder of her husband, she did not see justice for Medgar Evers until 31 years later in 1994. At last, she was victorious, Her persistence and faith in the pursuit of justice for the assassination that changed her life and that of her children had come to fruition.

1. Back to School / Stay in School Program - The NAACP Back
to School/Stay in School (BTS/SIS) Program has begun its 22nd year of preparing, inspiring and instructing youth of all ages with the “tools” necessary to graduate high school. Founded in 1984, the program is composed of more than 30 sites located at churches, schools and community centers across the nation. BTS/SIS is a program dedicated to providing students from elementary school to high school with academic and social support. The program aims to enhance student success by reducing the absenteeism and dropout rate, providing a higher level of academic and cultural enrichment, increasing parental involvement and improving overall perceptions about public schools.

4. Women in the NAACP(WIN) is an
official committee of the NAACP. The purposes of WIN are to enhance the leadership role of women, to serve as an advocacy vehicle for issues affecting women and children, to advocate for the positive development of children, to support the on-going work of the NAACP and its units, especially civil and cultural activities to enhance membership.

5. Religious Affairs - The NAACP has always had a strong relationship with the religious community, one of its closest allies for nearly a century. From the beginning, the NAACP has been regarded as the fighting arm of many churches with numerous members participating on both fronts. Ministers and other church officials lead many NAACP units, and churches often hold NAACP membership drives as part of their community activities. The NAACP emphasizes the importance to educate pastors, churches and religious leaders on the history and programs of the NAACP, and present moral and ethical interpretations of the civil rights struggle and the church’s relationship to the struggle for all denominations.

8. Dorothy Parker (August 22, 1893
- June 7, 1967) was an American writer and poet, best known for her caustic wit, wisecracks, and sharp eye for 20th century urban foibles. Parker was a longtime advocate of left-wing causes, a fierce civil libertarian and civil rights advocate, and a frequent critic of those in authority. She reported on the Loyalist cause in Spain for the leftist New Masses in 1937, and helped to found the AntiNazi League in Hollywood in 1936. Parker died of a heart attack at the age of 73 in 1967 in New York City. In her will, she bequeathed her estate to the Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. foundation. Following King’s death, her estate was passed on to the NAACP. Parker was cremated and her ashes now lie in a memorial garden at the NAACP national headquarters.

2. NAACP Releases 12th Annual Economic Reciprocity Report Detailing Corporate Diversity Progress - After 12 years of tracking
the diversity efforts of some of the nation’s largest companies in five key industries, the NAACP reports measured progress toward the goal of addressing economic concerns of the African American consumer. The 2008 edition of the NAACP Consumer Choice Guide, part of the NAACP Economic Reciprocity Initiative (ERI), is now available. The latest guide provides African American consumers with empowerment tools that enable them to make informed choices when purchasing products and services from the surveyed companies.

6. Washington Bureau - Established
June 1, 1941, the NAACP Washington Bureau is the federal legislative liaison and national public policy office of the NAACP. For more than 55 years the NAACP Washington Bureau has been the premier civil rights advocacy entity on Capitol Hill; the Bureau was a leading force behind the enactment of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, the 1965 Voting Rights Act, the 1968 Fair Housing Act, the 1991 Civil Rights Restoration Act and the 2002 Help America Vote Act, the most current reauthorization of theVoting Rights Act among countless others. The Washington Bureau has been lead in the past by such greats as Clarence Mitchell (1950 - 1978), who was known as the “101st Senator”; Althea Simmons (1979 1990) and Wade Henderson (1990 - 1996). The current Director of the Washington Bureau is Mr. Hilary Shelton.

10. Mary White Ovington (April 11, 1865 in Brooklyn, New York - July 15, 1951) a suffragette, socialist, unitarian, journalist, and co-founder of the NAACP. Ovington became involved in the campaign for civil rights in 1890 after hearing Frederick Douglass speak in a Brooklyn church. In 1895 she helped found the Greenpoint Settlement in Brooklyn. Appointed head of the project the following year, Ovington remained until 1904 when she was appointed fellow of the Greenwich House Committee on Social Investigations. Over the next five years she studied employment and housing problems in black Manhattan. During her investigations she met William Du Bois, an African American from Harvard University, and she was introduced to the founding members of the Niagara Movement. Influenced by the ideas of William Morris, Ovington joined the Socialist Party in 1905, where she met people such as Daniel De Leon, Asa Philip Randolph, Floyd Dell, Max Eastman and Jack London, who argued that racial problems were as much a matter of class as of race.

9. Mrs. Myrlie Evers-Williams was a
phenomenal woman of great strength and courage. Her activist role, linking together business, government, and social issues to further human rights and equality, exemplify her dedication to civil rights and equality. On February 18, 1995, she was elected to the position of Chairman of the National Board of Directors of the NAACP, the first woman to lead the nation’s oldest civil rights organization. With the support of a strong member base of the NAACP, she is credited with spearheading the operations that restored the Association to its original status as the premier civil rights organization. Myrlie and Medgar, her husband, opened and managed the first NAACP Mississippi State Office.

3.NAACP ACT-SO had its 30th Anniversary! What is ACT-SO?
ACT-SO is a yearlong enrichment program designed to recruit, stimulate, and encourage high academic and cultural achievement among African-American high school students. The program relies on the dedication and commitment of community and business leaders who volunteer as mentors and coaches to promote academic and artistic excellence. Through this collaborative

7. Medgar Evers was a native of Decatur, Mississippi, attending school there until being inducted into the U.S. Army in 1943.

11. Oscar Micheaux (October 2, 1884 - 1951) was a pioneering African American author and filmmaker, and without a doubt the most famous producer of race films. Micheaux (or sometimes written as “Michaux”), was born near Metropolis, Illinois and grew up in Great Bend, Kansas, one of eleven children of former slaves. As a young boy he shined shoes and worked as a porter on the railway. As a young man, he very successfully homesteaded a farm in an allwhite area of South Dakota where he began writing stories. Given the attitudes and restrictions on black people at the time, Micheaux overcame them by forming his own publishing company to buy his books door-to-house.

a lawyer and the first president of the NAACP. Storey revised his position in 1918 and from 1919 onward the NAACP supported Dyer’s anti-lynching legislation. The Dyer Bill was passed by the House of Representatives on the 26th of January 1922, and was given a favorable report by the Senate Committee assigned to report on it in July 1922, but a filibuster in the Senate halted its passage. Efforts to pass similar legislation were not taken up again until the 1930s with the Costigan-Wagner Bill. The Dyer Bill influenced the text of anti-lynching legislation promoted by the NAACP into the 1950s, including the Costigan-Wagner Bill.

PAGE 3 21. NAACP Strategic Plan Initiatives
One: Membership Two: Advocacy Training Three: Legal Capacity Four: Policy Advocacy Capacity Five: Criminal Justice Six: Civil Rights Compliance Seven: Economic Empowerment Eight: Education Excellence Nine: Health Advocacy Ten: Political Empowerment

12. Roy Wilkins (August 30, 1901
- September 8, 1981) was a prominent civil rights activist in the United States from the 1930s to the 1970s. Wilkins was active in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and between 1931 and 1934 was assistant NAACP secretary under Walter Francis White. When W. E. B. Du Bois left the organization in 1934, Wilkins replaced him as editor of Crisis, the official magazine of the NAACP.

16. James Weldon Johnson, June 17, 1871 - June 26, 1938.
Not just an influential and notable novelist, poet, and songwriter, James Weldon Johnson, was a lawyer, a United States consul in a foreign nation, and served an important role in combating racism through his position in the NAACP. many of the major celebrities in America as well as international political figures and dignitaries. There are 36 competitive categories in the fields of motion picture, television, music and literature. There are also several honorary awards including the Chairman’s Award, The President’s Award and The Image Awards Hall of Fame.

22. NAACP Celebrates 100 years: 1909 – 2009 - On February 12, 2009,
the NAACP will mark its 100th anniversary. The NAACP Headquarters, based in Baltimore, MD, along with its 1,700 units nationwide, will host celebrations and observances throughout the year ending on February 12, 2010, that highlight the significant role the organization has played in leading social change in America.

17. History of Lift Ev’ry Voice and Sing - Lift Ev’ry Voice and Sing is
often called “The Black National Anthem”. It was written as a poem by James Weldon Johnson (1871-1938) and then set to music by his brother John Rosamond Johnson (1873-1954) in 1899. A choir of 500 schoolchildren at the segregated Stanton School, where James Weldon Johnson was principal, first performed it in public in Jacksonville, Florida as part of a celebration of Lincoln’s Birthday on February 12, 1900.

23. New Data is revealed to prove dramatic racial discrimination in the Advertising Industry – NAACP, NEW
YORK, NEW YORK - On Thursday, January 8, the NAACP and the civil rights law firm of Mehri & Skalet announced a new initiative - the Madison Avenue Project - to address the advertising industry’s long history of widespread racial discrimination.

13. Charles Hamilton Houston Charles Hamilton Houston (September 3, 1895 - April 22, 1950) was a black lawyer who helped play a role in dismantling the Jim Crow laws.

14. Costigan-Wagner Bill - The
NAACP hoped that the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 would bring an end to lynching. Two African American campaigners against lynching, Mary McLeod Bethune and Walter Francis White, had been actively involved in helping Roosevelt to obtain victory. The president’s wife, Eleanor Roosevelt, had also been a long-time opponent of lynching. Robert F. Wagner and Edward Costigan agreed to draft an antilynching bill. The legislation proposed federal trials for any law enforcement officers who failed to exercise their responsibilities during a lynching incident. In 1935 attempts were made to persuade Roosevelt to support the Costigan-Wagner bill. However, Roosevelt refused to speak out in favour of the bill. He argued that the white voters in the South would never forgive him if he supported the bill and he would therefore lose the next election. The Costigan-Wagner Act received support from many members of Congress but the Southern opposition managed to defeat it. However, the national debate that took place over the issue helped to bring attention to the crime of lynching.

20. W.E.B. DuBois - William Edward
Burghardt Du Bois (February 23, 1868 - August 27, 1963) was an American civil rights activist, leader, PanAfricanist, sociologist, educator, historian, writer, editor, poet, and scholar. He became a naturalized citizen of Ghana in 1963 at the age of 95. On Feb. 23, 1868, W. E. B. Du Bois was born in Great Barrington, Mass., where he grew up. During his youth he did some newspaper reporting. In 1884 he graduated as valedictorian from high school. He got his bachelor of arts from Fisk University in Nashville, Tenn., in 1888, having spent summers teaching in African American schools in Nashville’s rural areas. In 1888 he entered Harvard University as a junior, took a bachelor of arts cum laude in 1890, and was one of six commencement speakers. From 1892 to 1894 he pursued graduate studies in history and economics at the University of Berlin on a Slater Fund fellowship. He served for 2 years as professor of Greek and Latin at Wilberforce
University in Ohio.

18. The Purpose of the NAACP National Convention - The Annual
Convention of the Association shall establish policies and programs of action for the ensuing year. All actions of the Convention on questions of policy and programs, which are not contrary to the Constitution, shall be binding on the Board of Directors, the Executive Committee, the Officers and all Units, except as hereinafter provided. No resolution for change of policy or program of action shall be in order unless it shall have been favorably voted upon at regular legislative meetings of a Unit in good standing, or has been submitted by the President and CEO. The resolutions for policy or program change must be certified by the President and Secretary of the Unit, and received by the President and CEO in the National Office by May 1st annually. The Convention shall act on all such proposed program or policy changes during its Legislative Sessions.

24. Rosa Parks - There is no doubt Mrs. Rosa Parks is one of our country’s most important historical gures. Often referred to as “the mother of the civil rights movement,” she was the spark that set off the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Contrary to the folkloric accounts of her civil rights role, Mrs. Parks was not too tired to move. Rather, she had been a knowledgeable NAACP stalwart for many years and gave the organization the incident it needed to move against segregation in the unreconstructed heart of the Confederacy, Montgomery, AL. Mrs. Parks headed the Youth Division at the Montgomery NAACP branch for years. She is the recipient of the Congressional Medal of Honor and the NAACP’s Spingarn Medal. 25.”Those who have no record of what their forebears have accomplished lose the inspiration which comes from the teaching of biography and history.”
These are the words of Dr. Carter Godwin Woodson, distinguished Black author, editor, publisher, and historian (December 1875 - April 1950). Carter G. Woodson believed that Blacks should know their past in order to participate intelligently in the affairs in our country. He strongly believed that Black history which others have tried so diligently to erase - is a firm foundation for young Black Americans to build on in order to become productive citizens of our society.

19. NAACP Image Awards - Established
in 1967, at the height of the civil rights movement, the NAACP Image Awards is the nation’s premier event to honor outstanding black actors, actresses, writers, producers and directors. Although society has changed greatly since that time—as a record number of African Americans are winning numerous coveted, mainstream awards—the lack of racial diversity in the entertainment industry still exists. There is a need for more minority talent in front of and behind the scenes. Presented annually, the NAACP Image Awards are an exciting, star-studded salute to the best in entertainment. Honorees, presenters and performers have included



Bill -

Congressman Leonidas Dyer of Missouri first introduced his AntiLynching Bill—known as the Dyer Bill—into Congress in 1918. The NAACP supported the passage of this bill from 1919 onward; they had not done so initially, arguing that the bill was unconstitutional based on the recommendations of Moorfield Storey,

In 1905 Du Bois was a founder and general secretary of the Niagara movement, an African American protest group of scholars and professionals. Du Bois founded and edited the Moon (1906) and the Horizon (1907-1910) as organs for the Niagara movement. In 1909 Du Bois was among the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and from 1910 to 1934 served it as director of publicity and research, a member of the board of I directors, and editor of the Crisis, its monthly magazine.



1909 to 2009
On February 12th The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was founded by a multiracial group of activists, who answered “The Call,” in the New York City, NY.They initially called themselves the National Negro Committee.

NAACP History
to a training program because she was black. Not that it had anything against blacks, but its patrons did. When Kerr launched a civil suit against the library alleging a violation of equal protection of the laws, the courts credited the library’s claim that it had no racist purpose, but Kerr still prevailed. The Kerr principle forced us to address when and why is the state responsible for enabling exclusive preferences, whether by an overextended applicable rule that assist them or by state inaction that fails to block them.

The NAACP leads a massive anti-apartheid rally in New York.

Ida Wells-Barnett, W.E.B. DuBois, Henry Moscowitz, Mary White Ovington, Oswald Garrison Villiard, William English Walling led the “Call” to renew the struggle for civil and political liberty.

prohibiting the denial or abridgement of the right to vote based on the use of literacy tests. Also in 2006, the NAACP launched the National Voter Assistance Hotline, which enables voters nationwide to speak to experts regarding voter rights and laws, report polling place problems, report voting machine malfunctions, and obtain a wide range of voter assistance including bilingual assistance.

NAACP launches campaign to defeat the nomination of Judge Robert Bork to the Supreme Court. As a result, he garners the highest negative vote ever recorded for a 1989 Silent March of over 100,000 to protest U.S. Supreme Court nominee.

The NAACP filed a historic lawsuit against the largest mortgage lenders, alleging systematic, institutionalized racism in subprime home mortgage lending.

In the face of intense adversity, the NAACP begins its legacy of fighting legal battles addressing social injustice with the Pink Franklin case, which involved a Black farmhand, who unbeknowingly killed a policeman in self-defense when the officer broke into his home at 3 a.m. to arrest him on a civil charge. After losing at the Supreme Court, the following year the renowned NAACP official Joel Spingarn and his brother Arthur start a concerted effort to fight such cases.

The NAACP wins the Morgan vs. Virginia case, where the Supreme Court bans states from having laws that sanction segregated facilities in interstate travel by train and bus.

Silent March of over 100,000 to protest U.S. Supreme Court decisions that have reversed many of the gains made against discrimination.

The NAACP turns 100 Years old and remains on of the oldest Civil Rights organizations in the nation. From the ballot box to the boardroom, the NAACP has led the fight for civil rights and social justice.

The NAACP was able to pressure President Harry Truman to sign an Executive Order banning discrimination by the Federal government.

When avowed racist and former Klan leader David Duke runs for US Senate in Louisiana, the NAACP launches a voter registration campaign that yields a 76 percent turn-out of Black voters to defeat Duke.

Building on the NAACP Heritage Every Day
With the support of NAACP members like you, we are forging a better future each and every day for our men, women, and children. We focus our resources on social justice for ALL. Whether it’s support for grassroots programs to benefit children, families, neighborhoods or communities, or breaking down the barriers for minorities in the highest courts and in Congress, your NAACP will fight for the rights of people of color. Economic Empowerment - We push for legislation that promotes livable wages, discrimination-free employment, and reduction in poverty level. -We promote development and expansion of minority-owned businesses and economic reciprocity. Political Empowerment - The NAACP operates the National Voter Assistance Hotline to provide ongoing assistance and monitor all reports of voter tampering, suppression, or fraud in local, state, and national elections. We ensure compliance to all provisions of the Voters Right Act. - Every year the NAACP registers thousands of voters. Social and Community Empowerment - In the Spring 2007 the NAACP launched the ‘STOP’ Campaign, a multi-faceted initiative to promote positive images of minority youth and women. By targeting recording, television, and other media industries we aim to ‘STOP’ publication or broadcast of defamatory words and denigrating speech of the African American culture. Criminal Justice - We fight to end racial profiling - The NAACP takes an aggressive approach to abolish and prosecute incidents of police brutality. - Utilizing our extensive legal resources, we take a proactive approach to combating racial bias in law enforcement Health Care - The NAACP supports universal healthcare for all - We work across all levels of the healthcare system to expand access to quality healthcare, including prescription medicines to the more than 48 million Americans who lack healthcare coverage. - We fight to cease closures of hospitals in minority neighborhoods - We create initiatives to decrease rates of HIV/AIDS in the community Education -We work to improve the effectiveness, accountability and accessibility of all public school systems. - We work to reduce undue placement of minority youth in special education programs - We promote affirmative action and funding equity in higher education - We lobby to maintain and expand financial aid and PELL grants for higher education Housing - We work daily for increased development of decent affordable housing in our communities - We advocate for increased access to credit, capital and financial services for minority communities. Social injustice harms our community every day. Thanks to your support, our fight against all forms of racial bias continues everyday.

President Woodrow Wilson officially introduces segregation into the Federal Government. Horrified that President would sanction such a policy, the NAACP launched a public protest.

December 25, Harry T. Moore was killed when a bomb was placed beneath the floor joists directly under his bed; his wife, Harriette, died nine days later.

The number of Fair Share Program corporate partners has risen to 70 and now represents billions of dollars in business.

The NAACP organizes a nationwide protest D.W. Griffiths racially-inflammatory and bigoted silent film, “Birth of a Nation.”

After years of fighting segregation in public schools, under the leadership of Special Counsel Thurgood Marshall, the NAACP wins one of its greatest legal victories in Brown vs. the Board of Education.

Over thirty years after the assassination of NAACP civil rights activist, Medgar Evers - his widow Myrlie, is elected Chairman of the NAACP’s Board of Directors.The following year, the Kweisi Mfume leaves Congress to become the NAACPs President and CEO.

In Buchanan vs. Warley, the Supreme Court has to concede that states can not restrict and officially segregate African Americans into residential districts. Also, the NAACP fights and wins the battle to enable African Americans to be commissioned as officers in World War I. Six hundred officers are commissioned, and 700,000 register for the draft.

NAACP member Rosa Parks is arrested and fined for refusing to give up her seat on a segregated bus in Montgomery, Alabama. Noted as the catalyst for the largest grassroots civil rights movement, that would be spearheaded through the collective efforts of the NAACP, SCLC and other Black organizations.

In coordination with the U.S. Department of Justice, the NAACP appears before the Supreme Court to argue against unfair “Redlining” practices by insurance companies. “Redlining” guideline remain in force throughout the country and the NAACP continues our fight against insurance underwriting practices which are unfair to persons of color.

After persistent pressure by the NAACP, President Woodrow Wilson finally makes a public statement against lynching.

In Greensboro, North Carolina, members of the NAACP Youth Council launch a series of nonviolent sit-ins at segregated lunch counters. These protests eventually lead to more than 60 stores officially desegregating their counters.

To ensure that everyone, especially the Klan, knew that the NAACP would not be intimidated, the annual conference was held in Atlanta, considered one of the most active Klan areas.

In response to the pervasive anti-affirmative action legislation occurring around the country, the NAACP launches the Economic Reciprocity Program... And in response to increased violence among our youth, the NAACP starts the “Stop The Violence, Start the Love’ campaign.

After one of his many successful mass rallies for civil rights, NAACP’s first Field Director, Medgar Evers is assassinated in front of his house in Jackson, Mississippi. Five months later, President John Kennedy was also assassinated.

In an unprecedented move, the NAACP places large ads in major newspapers to present the facts about lynching.

Supreme Court Demonstration and arrests.

The first of successful protests by the NAACP against Supreme Court justice nominees is launched against John Parker, who officially favored laws that discriminated against African Americans.

NAACP pushes for the passage of the Equal Employment Opportunity Act.

TV Diversity Agreements. Retirement of the Debt and first six years of a budget surplus. Largest Black Voter Turnout in 20 years.

U.S. Supreme Court ends the eight year effort of Alabama officials to ban NAACP activities. And 55 years after the NAACP’s founding, Congress finally passes the Civil Rights Act.

Great March. January 17, in Columbia, South Carolina attended by over 50,000 to protest the flying of the Confederate Battle Flag.This is the largest civil rights demonstration ever held in the South to date.

NAACP lawyers Charles Houston and Thurgood Marshall win the legal battle to admit a black student to the University of Maryland.

The Voting Rights Act is passed. Amidst threats of violence and efforts of state and local governments, the NAACP still manages to register more than 80,000 voters in the Old South.

After the Daughters of the Revolution barred acclaimed soprano Marian Anderson from performing at their Constitution Hall, the NAACP moved her concert to the Lincoln Memorial, where over 75,000 people attended.

Cincinnati Riots. Development of 5 year Strategic Plan. Under the leadership of Chairman Bond and President Mfume, the NAACP continues to thrive, and with the help of everyone - regardless of race - will continue to do so into the next millennium.

The NAACP initiates the first bill ever signed by a governor that allows voter registration in high schools. Soon after, 24 states follow suit.

During World War II, the NAACP leads the effort to ensure that President Franklin Roosevelt orders a non-discrimination policy in war-related industries and federal employment.

The NAACP leads the effort to extend The Voting Rights Act for another 25 years. To cultivate economic empowerment, the NAACP establishes the Fair Share Program with major corporations across the country.

The NAACP distributed more than $2 Million to survivors of Hurrican Katrina to provide immediate support for the people hardest hit by this disaster. The NAACP continues to coordinate with various public and private agencies to ensure equitable distribution of money and resources.

NAACP starts a national outcry when Congress refuses to fund their own Federal Fair Roosevelt Employment Practices Commission.

NAACP registers more than 850,000 voters, and through its protests and the support of the Supreme Court, prevents President Reagan from giving a tax-break to the racially segregated Bob Jones University.

Through targeted legislative action, the NAACP successfully lobbied Congress to pass the 2nd extension of the Voter’s Rights Act. Building upon the experience of our work to achieve the original extension in 1981, the NAACP promotes the Voter’s Rights Act as the principle tool for

Kerr v. Enoch Pratt Free Library argued by Charles H. Houston creating the “ Kerr Principle”. A Baltimore library refused to admit Louise Kerr




Legal Department


FYI Books About the NAACP from Henry Lee Moon Library & Civil Rights Archives
The NAACP Henry Lee Moon Library and Civil Rights Archives are housed at the NAACP National Headquarters. The library is a national information center that highlights the legacy of the NAACP and its struggle for civil rights. It maintains a reference collection of materials, including books and photos, about the civil rights movement and other related topics as well as works by and about those who contributed to the movement. The library is so named for Henry Lee Moon who served as the NAACP Director of Public Relations (1948-64) and also as editor of The Crisis (1965-74). The book collection includes books collected by Mr. and Mrs. Moon, first editions, autographed books and rare volumes. The library’s resources are available for use onsite by appointment only. Please feel free to contact Librarian James Murray at (410) 580.5767.

In 1909, the NAACP commenced what has become its legacy of fighting legal battles to win social justice for African-Americans and indeed, for all Americans. The most significant of these battles were fought and won under the leadership of Charles Hamilton Houston and his student and protégé, Thurgood Marshall. After training the first generation of Civil Rights lawyers during his years as Dean of Howard University’s Law School, Houston was appointed in 1935 to be the first Special Counsel of the NAACP. Often referred to as the “Moses of the civil rights movement,” Houston was the architect and chief strategist of the NAACP’s legal campaign to end segregation. In 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court endorsed segregation in Plessy v. Ferguson, which established the “separate but equal” principle. In a study commissioned by the NAACP in the 1930s, Nathan Margold found that under segregation, the facilities provided for blacks were always separate, but never equal to those maintained for whites. This, Margold argued, violated the equality aspect of Plessy’s “separate but equal” principle. Margold proposed a series of lawsuits that would challenge the system. After joining the NAACP, Houston refined Margold’s recommendations, developed a strategy, and implemented a battle plan. Under Houston’s “equalization strategy,” lawsuits were filed demanding that the facilities provided for black students be made equal to those available to white students, carefully stopping short of a direct challenge to Plessy. Houston predicted that the states that practiced segregation could not afford to maintain black schools that were actually equal to those reserved for whites. From 1935 to 1940, Houston successfully argued several cases using this strategy, including Murray v. Maryland, (1936) which resulted in the desegregation of the University of Maryland’s Law School and State ex rel. Gaines v. Canada, in which the U.S. Supreme Court ordered the admission of a black student to the Law School at the University of Missouri (1938). When Thurgood Marshall succeeded Houston as NAACP’s Special Counsel, he continued the Association’s legal campaign. During the mid-1940s, in Smith v. Allwright, Marshall successfully challenged “white primaries,” which prevented African Americans from voting in several southern states. In Morgan v. Virginia (1946), Marshall won a case in which the Supreme Court struck down a state law that enforced segregation on buses and trains that were interstate carriers. In 1948, Marshall and other cooperating attorneys won an important victory in Shelley v Kraemer, which ended the

enforcement of racially restrictive covenants, a practice that barred blacks from purchasing homes in white neighborhoods. In 1950, Marshall won cases that struck down Texas and Oklahoma laws requiring segregated graduate schools in Sweatt v. Painter and McLaurin v. Oklahoma. In those cases, a unanimous U.S. Supreme Court held that the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment required those states to admit black students to their graduate and professional schools. These decisions paved the way for one of the NAACP’s greatest legal victories. In 1954, Thurgood Marshall and a team of NAACP attorneys won Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. In this landmark decision, the Supreme Court held that segregation in public education violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Brown consisted of six separate cases in five jurisdictions; Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, the District of Columbia and Delaware. These cases are remembered as “Brown” because Oliver Brown was one of several plaintiffs in the Kansas case whose name appeared first in the court filings. He was represented at the trial and in the Supreme Court by NAACP attorney Robert Carter, who developed the innovative strategy of using the testimony of social scientists and other experts to demonstrate the psychological injuries that segregation inflicted on African American school children. The Brown decision inspired the marches and demonstrations of the civil rights movement of the 1950s and ’60s. These wide-spread protests ultimately led to the enactment of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968. During this period, the Association represented civil rights workers and fought to implement Brown in numerous desegregation cases across the nation. Cases were filed that successfully challenged discrimination in public accommodations, housing, employment, voting. Today, NAACP attorneys are still challenging racial discrimination whether it appears in the guise of corporate hotel policies that discriminate against African-American college students, voting disenfranchisement during national presidential elections or state sponsored symbols of white supremacy, such as the confederate battle flag. The NAACP’s Legal Department focuses on class actions and other cases of broad significance in areas including employment, education, housing, environmental justice, criminal law and voting, striving always, to advance the Association’s goals while remembering Charles Hamilton Houston’s admonition that “[A] lawyer is either a social engineer or a parasite on society.”

Along This Way: The Autobiography of James Weldon Johnson
By James Weldon Johnson. Penguin Books, 1990.The life story of the NAACP’s first African American Executive Director. Reissued.

Race and Radicalism: the NAACP and the Communist Party in Conflict
By Wilson Record. Cornell University Press, 1964. A study in civil liberty and the impact on the activities of the NAACP.

The Autobiography of W.E.B. Du Bois
By W.E.B. Du Bois. International Publishers, 1968. “A soliloquy on viewing my life from the last decade of its first century,” as told by the outstanding philosopher, academician who was a NAACP founder and first editor of The Crisis.

Groundwork: Charles Hamilton Houston and the Struggle for Civil Rights
By Genna Rae McNeil. University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983. Landmark career of NAACP special legal counsel during the 30’s and 40’s.

Bursting Bonds: The Autobiography of a “New Negro”
By William Pickens. Indiana University Press, 1991. Reissue of autobiography of Bill Pickens who was a NAACP Field Director from 1920 – 1942.

J.E. Spingarn and the Rise of the NAACP, 1911-1939
By B. Joyce Ross. Atheneum 1972. Life and activities of early NAACP president.

Caucasians Only: The Supreme Court, the NAACP, and the Restrictive Covenant Cases
By Clement E. Vose. University of California Press, 1959. The NAACP’s fight against discrimination in housing during the ‘50’s.

Lion in the Lobby: Clarence Mitchell, Jr.’s Struggle for the Passage of Civil Rights Laws
By Denton L. Watson. Morrow, 1990. History of the NAACP’s Washington Bureau Director who was known as the 101st Senator.

Fight for Freedom: The Story of the NAACP
By Langston Hughes. Norton, 1962. This distinguished African American writer has documented the beginnings of this outstanding civil rights organization. He presents the many human-interest stories and anecdotes of this time period.

The Long Shadow of Little Rock
By Daisy Bates. University of Arkansas Press, 1986. Story of Daisy Bates and 9 African American students’ ordeal when the Supreme Court’s decision to end school segregation was challenged by the town of Little Rock, Arkansas.

A Man Called White
By Walter White. Viking Press, 1948. The biography of early NAACP Executive Director.

The NAACP Crusade Against Lynching, 1909-1950
By Robert L. Zangrando. Temple University Press, 1980.This Temple University scholar has researched and documented the mob violence against Blacks that occurred in the North and South during the early 1900’s. This book provides extensive details of the lynching incidents and the NAACP’s activism against it.

N.A.A.C.P., a History of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, 1909-1920
By Charles F. Kellogg. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1967. A detailed study of the founding of the NAACP and the historic events that shaped the organization.

The NAACP, its Fight for Justice
By Minnie Finch. Scarecrow Press, 1981. Historical view of the NAACP and the legal battle against discrimination.

The NAACP Comes of Age: The Defeat of Judge John J. Parker
By Kenneth W. Goings. Indiana University Press, 1990. Successful lobbying effort against Supreme Court nominee John J. Parker.

The NAACP’s Legal Strategy Against Segregated Education, 1925-1950
By Mark V.Tushnet. University of North Carolina Press, 1987. A case study of the campaign against segregated schools and its impact on public interest law.

Simple Justice
By Richard Kluger. Knopf, 1975.The history of Brown vs. Board of Education – the epochal Supreme Court decision that outlawed segregation in education in the U.S.

The NAACP: Triumphs of a Pressure Group,
revised edition By Warren St. James. Exposition Press, 1980. This study provides a detailed overview of the history, policies, and activities of the NAACP up to 1980. The author shows the importance of the NAACP in this democratic society.

Standing Fast: The Autobiography of Roy Wilkins
By Roy Wilkins. Viking Press, 1982. NAACP Executive Director during major civil rights battles against segregation.

The Walls Came Tumbling Down
By Mary White Ovington. Harcourt, 1947. Biography of an essential founding member of the NAACP.

Paying for Freedom: History of the NAACP and the Life Membership Program
By Edward B. Muse. NAACP 1986. Overview of the NAACP and its life membership program from 1909-1987.

The School Segregation Cases
By Janet Stevenson. Watts, 1973. Details the events that led up to the historic Supreme Court decision that ended school segregation.





How the NAACP Began:

A Tribute to the Founders

Mrs. Ida Wells-Barnett

here was no large and powerful body of citizens ready to come to the aid of blacks, but there were isolated pockets of white concern. Not the least of the concerned whites was Mary White Ovington, who joined with Walling and other liberals, black and white, in a call for a national conference on the race problem.The call for the conference was issued on Lincoln’s birthday, February 12, 1909, and was signed by prominent whites and blacks, including Du Bois, Bishop Alexander Walters and Oswald Garrison Villard, the grandson of William Lloyd Garrison.The document contains graphic information on the social conditions that led to the founding of the NAACP and is worth detailed attention:
Mary White Ovington

William Edward Burghart Du Bois

“If Mr. Lincoln could revisit this country in the flesh [the call said]… he would learn that on January 1st, 1909, Georgia had rounded out a new confederacy by disfranchising the Negro after the manner of all the other Southern states. He would learn that the Supreme Court of the United States, supposedly a bulwark of American liberties, had refused every opportunity to pass squarely upon this disfranchisement of millions… He would learn that the Supreme Court, according to the official statement of one of its own judges in the Berea College case, has laid down the principle that if an individual State chooses it may “make it a crime for white and colored persons to frequent the same market place at the same time, or appear in an assemblage of citizens convened to consider questions of a public or political nature in which all citizens, without regard to race, are equally interested.”
To correct these wrongs and to call America back to the dream, some three hundred Americans assembled in New York City on May 30, 1909. The attendees to the conference included abolitionists, prominent blacks such as Ida B. Wells, Du Bois, J. Max Barber, and Mary Church Terrell, white liberals, and Niagara activists. After a very tense session and a long and bitter debate, the breach was papered over and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was born. Source: Before the Mayflower: A History of Black America. By Lerone Bennett Jr. Founders: Ida Wells-Barnett, W.E.B. DuBois, Henry Moscowitz, Mary White Ovington, Oswald Garrison Villiard, and William English Walling.

Oswald Garrison Villard

Henry Muskowita

William English Walling

Long Beach NAACP Founders
Ernest McBride, Sr.

Lillie Grigsby


Ernest McBride, Sr. was born on November 12, 1909 in Carrolton, Mississippi. He was an organizer and union activist. Mr. McBride was one of nine children born into a farming family. After completing his studies in segregated schools in Arkansas, he left the south for California, seeking a better life. In 1940, Mr. McBride founded and became the first field secretary of the Long Beach Branch NAACP. He and his activist wife, Lillian Mcbride, attacked discrimination through organized direct action. As an NAACP activist, Mr. McBride successfully integrated the Long Beach Police Department, the Naval Shipyard, Coles Market and the General Telephone Co. He also successfully challenged the Long Beach Unified School District to prevent their annual black-faced minstrel show. Mr. McBride also fought police brutality and housing discrimination. Mr. McBride, his wife, and six children, often walked picket lines together. The FBI compiled a thick file on him and planted agents at his meetings. The FBI records show that surveillance officially ended in 1964. Through it all, his house was a meeting place. As a pastime, Mr. McBride played catcher for the Colored Giants, competing against the great Jackie Robinson, star of the Pasadena Dukes. To raise funds for the Long Beach Branch, he hosted events with special guests, such as Paul Roberson, Ralph Bunche, and Roy Wilkins. He has been recognized for his civil rights work on a local, state, and national basis. The McBride home on Lemon Avenue has been designated as an historic site by the City of Long Beach.

Ernest McBride, Sr.

Ms. Lillie Grigsby was born in Lawton, Oklahoma. She has been a resident of Long Beach since 1937. She was a chartered member of the Long Beach Branch NAACP. She wad active in the membership drives and youth work. She studied ceramics at Long Beach City College. Ms. Grigsby was one of the first African-American businesswomen in Long Beach. She and her business partner Ms. Zelma Lipscomb established a successful gift shop, Lillie & Zali Gift Shop. She was a member of St. John Baptist church and was a Sunday school instructor and the Senior Choir Director. She was a charter member of the Benevolent Church. Ms. Grigsby was a pioneering woman who actively demonstrated for equity, employment, education, and housing.

Zelma Lipscomb
Lillie Grigsby


Ernest McBride (far left standing NAACP Leadership Meeting)
Zelma Lipscomb

Ms. Zelma Lipscomb was born in Lawton, Oklahoma. She was a chartered member of the Long Beach Branch NAACP, the first woman President of the branch, and served as the Freedom Fund Chairperson and youth leader. Ms. Lipscomb studied ceramics at Long Beach College. She was a sales representative for A.W. Curtis Laboratories, producers of George Washington Carver products. She was selected to represent the branch at the funeral of Dr. Martin Luther King. A partnership was formed with her good friend Ms. Lillie Grigsby to open the Lillie & Zali Gift Shop in Long Beach. Ms. Lipscomb was a member of the Grant Chapel AME Church. In 1946 she founded the Benevolent Club of Long Beach and continued to be the president throughout her life. She was employed for 12 years in the Arts Department of the Long Beach Public Library and strongly believed that reading opens the door to many worlds.


Los Angeles County Resolution

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NAACP Long Beach Members Witness History President Barack Obama’s Inauguration
Written by Uduak Ntuk

Naomi Rainey and Michell Obama

Tiara Cox, Susan Rice, UN Ambassador, and Naomi Rainey

Uduak Ntuk and Eric Holder, US Attorney General

Naomi Rainey and Uduak Ntuk at the Swearing in Ceremony

remember riding on the train to Grant Park on election night; the excitement level in the air was high, but many of us were still anxious wondering if it was really going to happen. Then, all of a sudden, people started yelling and screaming. Text messages had started coming into the the rail car: Senator Barack Obama had just won the states of Pennsylvania and Ohio! Everyone started high- fiving and hugging one another, we knew then the election was won. That night in Chicago felt like a New Year’s Eve in November! Change had come to America. For me, this was the culmination of over a year’s worth of volunteering, debating, donating, and advocating for the election of Barack Obama. In December 2007, I took my daughter to Las Vegas for a different kind of winter vacation trip. We didn’t visit a single casino. We knocked on hundreds of doors to get people registered to vote and commit to caucus for Barack Obama at the Nevada State Primary. It was hard work. Many people had never even heard of him at the time. However, our work jolted with energy caught the attention of the national spotlight by the primary victory in Iowa. Overnight, the office went from six staffers to more than thirty. Volunteers flooded in from California, Arizona, and Colorado as part of the Neighbor State Program and the parking lot filled with RV’s from across the country. The campaign would take on many twists and toils over the next eleven months, but I continued to volunteer in Nevada, California, Texas, and Indiana. My immense volunteering experience led to my election as National Pledge Delegate to the Democratic National Convention in Denver, CO. Being amongst the 84,000 people in Mile High Stadium to witness Senator Obama become the official Democratic Nominee for President was like a dream. I never imagined that I would be in Denver, Chicago, or Washington DC when I came up with the alternative winter vacation/political education trip for my nine-year-old daughter. I can still hear the announcer’s voice in Chicago election night saying, “Please welcome President Elect Barack Obama.” I think for many in my generation this was our Civil Rights Movement. We were going into unknown neighborhoods and town halls advocating for change. Riding buses and carpooling to engage with the haves and the have nots of our country. Promoting a candidate that didn’t fit the mold nor prototype of a traditional American Presidential Candidate, but garnished support from nearly every demographic with his message of unity. We knew we had the power to change America if we worked together, leveraged technology, and embraced the right set of ideals. On January 20th, 2009, as I stood for the Oath of Office of our 44th President, I kept thinking about hundreds of thousands of people who came to the other end of the National Mall 40 years ago. They were led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in a call for justice and the demand for equal rights from the Washington Establishment. Yet, here we were, four decades later, at the steps of the Capitol Building to take control of the Executive Branch. The sense of pride and accomplishment to know that I was on the right side of history is something that I will cherish throughout my life. I know my work on the campaign did not only influence my child, but millions of other children across the world now have a living, breathing example of what they too can become.

Uduak Ntuk visiting Congresswoman Laura Richardson prior to the Inauguration of President Barack Obama.

Uduak Ntuk with Maya Obama and Auma Obama (Barack’s Sisters)
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Members in Action-Pictorial

Long Beach Branch NAACP


Member Charlotte Berry at the NAACP Holiday Open-House

The Long Beach Branch thanks the Long Beach Fire Department, Long Beach Police Department, Rainey-Pierson Rentals, Jarvis & Raquel Martin, Deputy City Manager Reginald Harrison, Robertson & Associates, Mayor Bob & Nancy Foster, NAACP Members, DeSouza Property Management, John & Cherly Eagan, Viet Hoang, Body and Soul Beauty Salon, and Charlotte Berry.

Founder, Ernest McBride with mentee, 2001 NAACP Youth Council President, Hakeem Yusuff, who was attending Long Beach City College and graduated from Berkeley in Engineering.

NAACP Officer Kim Evans with the NAACP’s 2008 Santa, Councilmember Dee Andrews

NAACP 3rd Vice President, Karen Hillburn, introduces the NAACP’s horseback riding program

Naomi Rainey and Uduak Ntuk make plans for the trip to the Inauguration of President Obama.

Congresswoman, Laura Richardson, makes a report to the NAACP.

’s each city n, Long Bkicks off orga Melissa Mignity Officer, Human D of Non-Violence A Season

The NAACP thanks musician Erma Vernardo for sharing her music with Long Beach and the NAACP Membership

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Our Story:
The Long Beach Branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was founded
in 1940 by Ernest McBride and three other community activists. The NAACP launched efforts to hire African-American police officers to end discrimination in employment and housing. In 1948, Paul Robeson, the star athlete, actor and opera singer who was on the cutting edge of the infant civil rights movement, attended a NAACP fund-raiser in Long Beach. Ernest McBride, the resident historian of Long Beach’s African American community remained active in the NAACP throughout his life. African-Americans were effectively barred from the Long Beach area’s post-war housing boom by discriminatory sales practices and deed restrictions on new homes in Lakewood, Los Altos, and Bixby Knolls. Defense workers and veterans with GI Bill benefit were drawn to West Long Beach, which featured a number of homes that were free of deed restrictions. The Paul Robeson, the star athlete, NAACP’s efforts to put African-Americans on actor and opera singer Long Beach’s police force were not realized until 1950, when several black men were hired. They included Benny Roan, who was assigned to a downtown beat. Charles B. Ussery joined the force in 1959 and became Long Beach’s first African-American police-chief in 1979. The Long Beach NAACP’s taskforce report regarding the use of force and the use of force training in Long Beach Police Department has caused significant changes. Many recommendations from the taskforce were accepted and fully implemented. The branch continues its Diversity Compliance efforts by monitoring and reviewing the City of Long Beach’s compliance with Equal Opportunity, including hiring, training, and awarding contracts to women, people of color and people with disabilities. The Long Beach Branch Youth Programs, such as Community Impact Program, Afro-American, Cultural, Technological, and Scientific Olympic, and our partnership with Jefferson Leadership Academy, promotes academic excellence, social responsibility, and professional development. Since the branch was chartered, many challenges, cases, and issues have been faced and won by the Long Beach Branch NAACP. On a daily basis, Civil Rights violation are investigated and resolved.

NAACP Celebrates Its 100th Anniversary In 2009:
Calendar For Year-Long Centennial Events
On February 12, 2009, the NAACP will mark its 100th anniversary! The NAACP Headquarters, based in Baltimore, MD, along with its 1,700 units nationwide, will host celebrations and observances throughout the year ending on with our Annual Convention in 2010. that highlight the significant role the organization has played in leading social change in America.
Following is a partial listing of upcoming events for your planning calendars. For regular updates, please visit .

Feb. 6 & 7, 2009
“The Civil Rights Century: The NAACP at 100” Johns Hopkins University Center for Africana Studies at Johns Hopkins University

Feb. 12, 2009
100th Anniversary of the NAACP - Branches and Units nationwide will host celebrations including: - Founder’s Day Services - Cake-Cutting Ceremonies

Feb. 12, 2009
40th Annual NAACP Image Awards Airs live, nationwide on the FOX network at 8 p.m. EST Shrine Auditorium, 665 West Jefferson Blvd., Los Angeles, CA The NAACP Image Awards is the nation’s premier event celebrating the outstanding achievements and performances of people of color in the arts, motion picture, television, recording, and literature, as well as those individuals or groups who promote social justice through their creative endeavors.

Feb. 21, 2009
NAACP Annual Meeting, New York Hilton, New York, NY

May 2009
NAACP Leadership 500 Summit Since its inception in 2005, Leadership 500 has served as a fertile training ground around social justice advocacy for more than 1,200 mid-level professionals between the ages of 30 and 50. Leadership 500 workshop topics also explore issues of economic parity and wealth creation; health and wellness as a business imperative and early childhood education. Contact: Paula Edme, (212) 344-7474 x101

July 2, 2009
Thurgood Marshall Day Baltimore, MD Baltimore City Branch NAACP hosts a bus tour throughout the state that highlights Marshall’s life, career and important role in the civil rights movement as an NAACP attorney.

A Long Beach Branch NAACP Centennial Story: Excerpt from Fighting For the People, Chapter 12: On Organizing the NAACP
by Ernest McBride, Sr. and Sunny Nash

July 11-16, 2009
NAACP 100th Annual Convention, Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, 655 W. 34th Street, New York, NY The NAACP Annual Convention is the largest gathering of its kind in the country. An estimated 8,000 NAACP members, delegates and visitors will be in New York City for six days of informative workshops, compelling speakers, gathering information and enjoying stellar entertainers to mark the Association’s success and nation’s progress in race relations since its founding. Additional festivities planned for the NAACP centennial year include: • Televised specials highlighting the most influential films, music and people from 1909-2009. • Release of a commemorative music CD of ‘freedom songs’ performed by noted recording artists of today. • Release of NAACP: Celebrating a Century, 100 Years in Pictures, a photo book of images and notes from the NAACP’s own files and records.


y wife and I were fed up with discrimination in Long Beach and we decided to try to form of the NAACP. In 1940, we recruited two of my baseball buddies, Roscoe Hayes and L.J. Jones, and a good friend, Nathan Holly, who was a chief in the U.S. Navy and a real fighter. We made Nathan the President and Lillian the Secretary/Treasurer. I was the Field Secretary. We contacted the NAACP National office to find out what we needed to do. We had to raise $50 and recruit 45 more members for a total of 50 to get our charter. I figured I should be able to get at least a dollar from each person I could convince to become a member. It took me two-and-one-half hours to persuade the first one I wasn’t going to steal that dollar. They were hard to win over because crooks had exploited the few blacks in Long Beach at the time and take their money. After the first one told me about others who had taken his money, I had to guarantee on everything I had, that I wasn’t going to take his money and finally got the dollar out of him. I only collected forty-something after approaching everybody I knew. That wasn’t enough. I knew I had to try something else. I went to Reverend Louis Lomax, the minister of Second Baptist Church. He made an appeal to his congregation to join the NAACP and I was able to collect the rest of the money. We sent for the charter in October 1940. Our first meetings were held in the house where we lived on Lewis Avenue. Often, the police would snoop around our home trying to listen to what we were planning. Later, we moved the general meetings to the black churches. We met at Sundays at Second Baptist and the African Episcopal Churches. We did this to avoid sending membership cards through the mail. When I sent NAACP membership cards through the U.S. Post Office, I stacked them together to get discount mailing. At the Post Office, they were separating the NAACP mailings to see who were members and they were calling us communists. They were making a list of those who belonged to the NAACP, but their information was incorrect because I was sending eight hundred cards for a meeting and I only had about one hundred members. I had a mailing list from the Retail Clerks Union, Marine Cooks and Stewards Union, and Longshoremen Union.Those were people I thought would be interested in joining the NAACP. After we received our charter, we held a meeting to elect officers. One of my neighbors, Charles Watkins, was elected president. He was a no-nonsense
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Fighting For the People
continued from page 10

type with a deep, booming voice that commanded attention. Watkins worked as an elevator operator at the Long Beach Police Department, fighting cases of discriminatory false arrests and police brutality. One of our cases involved Watkins and the Long Beach Recreation Park Golf Course. Watkins played golf and scored a hole-in-one. He was the first black to do so. When a white player scored a hole-in-one, he was given a certificate and a trophy, and entered into the Golf Course record book. Although there were witnesses playing ahead of Watkins and behind him, who verified his hole-in-one, it took many months before he got recognition. I was put in charge of the NAACP membership list and the police asked me two or three times how many members did we have in the NAACP that were communists. I told them we didn’t divulge the membership to the police department.That never stopped them from trying to get information on our membership. One of the sergeants said to me, “If you show me the NAACP membership list, I can tell you every white guy on there that’s a communist. I said, “Well, I can tell you one thing, the only way I would let you have this membership list is, I’ll have to get the consent of the executive board here locally. I’ll also have to get the consent of the national office. If they both give me their consent, I’d go outside and light the list with a match and burn it before I’d give it to you or let you see it. He came by my house after a meeting one night and wanted the list of those who had attended. As secretary it was my job to keep those lists. I told him

to come tomorrow night and maybe I’d know where the list was. “It’s in my briefcase somewhere,” I said. I got up the next morning, thinking the guy might come by and try to get the list from my wife. I burned the list up. I never gave them that information. My wife was corresponding secretary and fundraiser. She cooked chicken dinners to sell and she hosted fashion shows so we could raise funds for the NAACP. In 1951, my wife held a reception for Mrs. Eslande Goode Robeson, wife of actor and opera singer, Paul Bustill Robeson. We hosted another tea for Mrs. Margarita Belafonte, wife of famous actor and calypso singer, Harry Belafonte. We held the events in our home on Lemon Avenue because Negroes in Long Beach made excuses. Paul Robeson also performed a fund-raising event for the NAACP at Morgan Hall in Long Beach. We had to move a piano from the upstairs area to the main ballroom downstairs. After we moved the piano, Mr. Robeson’s manager informed us that the piano had to be tuned or Mr. Robeson could not perform. We were trying to figure out what to do because this was a Sunday evening and all those stores were closed. Someone said he knew a guy who lived in Cabrillo Homes #3 and picked the guy up and brought him to Morgan Hall. I can’t remember his name but he tuned that piano to Mr. Robeson’s manager’s requirements and the concert went on as planned. The fella really pulled us out of a jam.


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Celebrating Black History Month
Obama win a milestone, not an end

Those who have no record of what their forebears have accomplished lose the inspiration which comes from the teaching of biography and history.

President Obama

Naomi Rainey

Dee Andrews

CHANGE: Black History Month seen as time to cheer but continue the work.
by Pamela Hale-Burns Press-Telegram Staff Writer


hese are the words of Dr. Carter Godwin Woodson, distinguished Black author, editor, publisher, and historian (December 1875 - April 1950). Carter G. Woodson believed that Blacks should know their past in order to participate intelligently in the affairs in our country. He strongly believed that Black history - which others have tried so diligently to erase - is a firm foundation for young Black Americans to build on in order to become productive citizens of our society. Known as the “Father of Black History,” Carter G. Woodson holds an outstanding position in early 20th century American history. Woodson authored numerous scholarly books on the positive contributions of Blacks to the development of America. He also published many magazine articles analyzing the contributions and role of Black Americans. He reached out to schools and the general public through the establishment of several key organizations and founded Negro History Week (precursor to Black History Month). His message was that Blacks should be proud of their heritage and that other Americans should also understand it.

“Celebrating Black History”

Never, since Black History Month became an official observance, has its significance been more profound than now with the election of America’s first African-American president. “I think having an African-American as president makes Black History Month exciting this year,” said Melissa Morgan, human dignity officer for the city of Long Beach. “It makes it a celebrator month. It’s all about bridging the community together.” And although the month is set aside to honor African-Americans, the month is a time to reflect on the accomplishments of everyone who fought for justice and equality. “Black History Month is not just about African-Americans, but how all people contributed to the struggle,” Morgan said. “It’s important for people to take the time to know the history of how people came to where we are.” Centuries of fighting for equality and justice now seem worth the sacrifices. “The struggle is not easy,– it will never be easy, but it was worth it,” said Dee Andrews, the 6 th District councilman. “This is what we all struggled and fought for and I don’t think it could be anything better than that.” To many the future of America looks promising. “I think this election should be encouraging for all people in the country, of our change and the message of hope,” Morgan said. “It’s an example that there is hope in our community and that we can achieve the goals we set.” For some, Obama’s accomplishments, even prior to the White House, have put him in a category with great men. “This is a president who is a global president. He’s such a humanitarian, like Martin Luther King. This is what the dream was all about,” Andrews said. “It means more than hope or a prayer, the fruition has come to pass.” “President Barack Obama, the first person of color elected as president of the United States, adds to history,” said Naomi Rainey, president of the NAACP Long Beach Chapter. “The history of blacks in America is inextricably interwoven with the history of America. The massive wealth of our country is rooted in the labor, sweat and blood of many black souls,” she said. “Fighting in all the wars from the Revolutionary War,

continuously through the current war on terror, blacks have paid a high price with almost no recognition.” The pride of the election will be passed on from generation to generation, said Andrews. “Me as a black man, can now tell my kids and my grandchildren and my great-grandchildren, they can,” he said. “This happened in their lifetime. It’s in my lifetime! Whether or not we ever have another black president I was able to see this.” But there is still work to do, said Andrews. “We are really going to have to work harder now than ever,” Andrews said. “This gives you more of an incentive to live. That work must be done together. “It’s about the struggles AfricanAmericans have gone through and how we can work together as allies and what we can do to make this community better,” Morgan said. “I am extremely proud of the progress that is being made and of the election of President Barack Obama. However, we must not become complacent. We must continue working,” Rainey said. “We must continue working so that President Barack Obama being elected the first president; Colin Powell, the first African-American secretary of state; Thurgood Marshall, first AfricanAmerican to serve on the Supreme Court, Doris Topsy-Elvord, first African-American woman in Long Beach to serve on the Harbor Commission; Rosa Parks, civil rights, are common-day occurrences that will be celebrated throughout the year.” Communication is key to understanding one another Morgan said. “This is a time for people to sit down and talk about how they feel about race and what their differences are and (about) their challenges,” she said. “We should continue to celebrate these types of months and continue to have dialogue about race and racism.”

“I think having an African-American as president Makes Black History Month exciting this year.”
Mellissa Morgan, Long Beach human dignity officer



Youth & College Programs
College Admission Preparation
There is more to the college admission process than filling out an application. The process takes time, thought, effort and organization. Understanding the process is the key and it may reduce your stress level. I am a senior at Long Beach Polytechnic High School who recently applied to six universities. My mother always talked to me about college but the talk was different when I entered the 9th grade. She informed me that the college admission process starts now. At first, I thought my mom was Tirris Gates crazy but when I actually applied to those colleges, I realized she Youth Council Vice President was right The selection of classes, the grades received from 9th to 12th grade, and your overall grade point average are some of the major factors regarding your eligibility. The other factor is your SAT or ACT score. I decided to stay in California and attend one of the twenty-three California State University (CSU) campuses. I had to understand the high school graduation requirements plus the college admission requirements for the CSU System. The greatest tool that helped me with the CSU admission require-ments was their website If you plan to attend a CSU, I encourage you to create an account and use the high school planner. The greatest feeling is knowing I am eligible to attend the CSU campuses because of my time, effort, thought, and organization. I submitted my college applications on October 4, 2008, nearly a month and a half before the admission deadline. E’mon E. White rode on the Long Beach City’s Rose Bowl Parade float. She was also December’s Aquarium of the Pacific Scholar Susana Soto gives speech at the 2009 NAACP Black History Program

Long Beach Branch NAACP

Youth Calendar of Events
• Youth Council Meetings every third Sunday of each month at 2:00 PM. Ernest McBride, Sr. Park. 1550 Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue, Long Beach, CA 90813. Email: • Celebrating Our Legacy “Black History Through the Arts” hosted by the LB NAACP Youth Council. Sunday, February 15, 2009 at Ernest McBride Sr. Park. • CSULB-NAACP and the Latino Student Union will be hosting The Black & Brown Dialogue at CSULB Student Union, 2nd floor, Ballrooms B & C on Thursday, February 19, 2009 from 7-9 PM. For more information:

ACT-SO The Academic, Cultural, Technological and Scientific Olympics
ACT-SO is a major youth initiative of the NAACP. Founded in 1978 be renowned author and journalist Vernon Jarrett, ACT-SO provides a forum through which African-American youth demonstrate academic, artistic and scientific prowess and expertise, thereby gaining the same recognition often only reserved for entertainers and athletes. ACT-SO is a yearlong enrichment program designed to recruit, stimulate, improve and encourage high academic and cultural achievement among African-American high school students. The program is supported by the dedication and commitment of community volunteers and business leaders; serving as mentors and coaches they help stimulate academic and artistic excellence among African-American students. There are 25 categories of competition in the sciences, humanities, performing and visual arts. For more information, please call Naomi Rainey, President, Long Beach Branch NAACP at (562) 856-7586.

Shalana Baugus and Emily Pearson were the Long Beach Branch Participants in the South Coast Interfaith 2009 Martin Luther King, Jr. Program

Amanda Moore, a 2008 Long Beach Branch NAACP continuing college scholarship recipient, was selected as an intern for the United States Attorney General, San Diego office. Ms. Moore attends the University of San Francisco Law School.

Long Beach Branch NAACP ACT-SO Success Story
Otto Ehling was the guest pianist for the Long Beach Symphony’s 2009 Legendary Music, Legendary Performances with legendary performer Ben Vereen on February 7, 2009. The artist began playing piano when he was just two years old. By the time Otto Ehling turned four he was performing classical recitals. As a high school student he won first place in the NAACP National Piano Competition’s classical division of the National NANM Competition. Raised as an Afro-BrazilianAmerican, he felt a special affinity for the Bossa Nova and Samba, which helped engender a passion for the modern jazz idiom. He’s currently on a full scholarship at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, where he’s pursuing a double major in classical and jazz performance. David Loeb, the university’s director of jazz studies, is his principle mentor. Ehling has been featured in Los Angeles as piano solist at the Ford Theater and Greek Theater. He’s also performed with the likes of Gladys Knight, Wayne Newton, Chris Potter, Gerald Wilson, Bob Sheppard and Peter Erskine. He appears frequently with the Liberace Scholars Jazz Quartet.

Long BeachYouth Council participated in the Martin Luther King, Jr. Parade.

From the very beginning of the NAACP, youth have played an important role.

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NAACP in the


* Reprinted from The Long Beach Times Long Beach The Press Telegram Long Beach View Executive Director’s Newsletter Long Beach Business Journal Executive Director’s Newsletter NAACP National News Signal Tribune Long Beach Magizine




The guest writer for this month’s President’s Message is E’mon E. White, the NAACP’s Youth Council President.

Mark Your Calendar
February is African American Heritage Month
February 12, 2009 – 40th NAACP Image Awards “Milestones of the Past…Gateway to the Future” February 21, 2009 – Long Beach Public Library Celebrates Black History Month 2:00pm Main Library, Auditorium Lobby, 101 Pacific Avenue Long Beach, CA 90822 March 14, 2009 – The 7th Annual African American Family History Conference, Discover Your Roots, will be held at the Church of Latter Day Saints, 1209 S. Manhattan Place, Los Angeles, CA 90019. Pre-register at or call 800.533.2444 April 4, 2009 – Long Beach Public Library Celebrates National Library Month w/Black Author’s Festival 11:00am-4:00pm Main Library, Auditorium Lobby. 101 Pacific Avenue Long Beach, CA 90822 April 24, 2009 – 100 Black Men of Long Beach will host the 1st Annual Awards Ceremony and silent auction. Reception begins at 6pm at The Grand, 4101 E. Willow St., Long Beach, 90815. For more information, contact Jesse Johnson at 323.806.0765 or email: July 2009 – NAACP National Convention, New York July 2009 – ACT-SO Competition, New York

Building a Community of Leaders
As Youth Council President for the Long Beach Branch NAACP, I strive to be a positive influence to my peers. The NAACP has been the essential home for my leadership development and the catalyst behind my leadership outside of the Naomi Rainey, organization. For example, NAACP Long Beach like many young people, my Branch President main priority is my education, and one of my main goals as a leader is to encourage my peers to take their education seriously. One of the, major leadership qualities I have learned from the NAACP is not to wait for people to listen to me, but to make them listen to me I through my actions. To stress my strong belief in education, I found an E’mon White opportunity where I can help those who are struggling in school get back on track by becoming a tutor. I work and study to make sure this task will appeal to the students it was intended for, and instead of waiting for tutees to come to me, I found them. Within a few weeks of tutoring, my tutee’s scores on math tests and homework assignments not only increased but students began to bring along their friends who also needed to improve their grades. This is the leadership cycle. I developed my leadership skills from my participation and observation in the NAACP and used them to I help struggling students improve their grades. Those same students, who were struggling just a few weeks before the tutoring, are now insisting that their friends improve their grades by seeking assistance. It’s apparent that leadership is a skill that can be developed and passed on from person to person and continues to grow every day. E’mon White, Youth Council President Long Beach Branch NAACP

African Americans Who Changed Long Beach
Do You Know Them?
Percy Anderson William Barnes Valerie Brisco-Hooks Beryl O’Kelly Brooks Margaret Brown Leon Burns Ebenezer Bush Mary Dell Butler Donald R. Chaney Marsha Gail Chapman Carl Cohn Samuel Coleman Leroy Conley Aaron L. Day Minnie L. Douglas William Oscar Hall Charles E. Haynes Early C. Hayes Wallace Macon Hayes Warren Jordan Maycie Harrington Pearlman D. Hicks Nathan Holly Helen Irving Clarence Johnson Marilee Jones-Cofield Jackie Joyner-Kersee Letitia Joseph Evelyn Knight Herb Levi Pete Lindsey Patricia Lofland Clarence Long Regina Lynch Sylvester Lynch Mae P. Mack Ernest McBride Juanita Millender McDonald Erroll Parker Annie Powell Wilma Powell Naomi Rainey Frances Rains Laura Richardson Otis Reed Mary Lee Rose John T. Sadler Autrilla Watkins Scott Bobbie Smith Clarence Smith Marva Steward Doris Topsey-Elvord Indira Hale Tucker Marcus O.Tucker Charles Ussery Gene Washington Jerry White Undine Wildman Elnora Willingham Edwin J. Wilson Jim Wilson

To verify your knowledge, read The Heritage of African Americans in Long Beach By Aaron Day and Indira Hale Tucker

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Get Involved with the NAACP
Support the vital work of NAACP by making a contribution. We are a 21st century advocacy organization that fights for the advancement of minority groups by bridging the gaps in seven advocacy areas including education, economic empowerment, healthcare, criminal justice, civic engagement, international affairs and poverty issues.

National and Local Programs
• ACT-SO - ACT-SO is a yearlong enrichment program designed to recruit, stimulate, and encourage high academic and cultural achievement among African-American high school students. ACT-SO currently includes 26 categories of competition in the sciences, humanities, business, and performing and visual arts. • Back to School/Stay in School (BTS/SIS) -The NAACP BTS/SIS program is designed to assist students in grades K-12 with the academic and social supports required to complete high school. The program aims to improve student achievement by reducing absenteeism and the dropout rate, providing a higher level of academic and cultural enrichment, and increasing parental involvement. The program also works to improve overall perceptions about public schools in order to develop pride and confidence within students about their schools. • NAACP Health Goal - The NAACP Health Department’s goals are to organize new NAACP branch health committees; develop national health education initiatives; expand community outreach; and sponsor collaborative programs with other national and local health organizations. Programs include health screenings, HIV/AIDS testing, Kick the Habit Program, and the Montague Cobb Health Advocacy Award. • Youth and College Division - Today, the Youth & College Division continues to provide one of the strongest and most capable elements in the NAACP’s national volunteer network as well as the major training instrument for motivated young people committed to justice and equality for all people of color. Check them out on the web today for upcoming events! • Women in the NAACP(WIN) is an official committee of the NAACP. The purposes of WIN are: • to enhance the leadership role of women • to serve as an advocacy vehicle for issues affecting women and children • to advocate for the positive development of children • to support the on-going work of the NAACP and its units, especially civil and cultural activities to enhance membership Each Region has a coordinator designated as Regional Vice Coordinator. Each state shall designate a WIN State Chair. Each local NAACP branch may establish a WIN chapter.

Become a Member

Join today and become one of the hundreds of Councilmember Dee Andrews thousands of NAACP Freedom Fighters across the and Union Bank of California VP, globe! The work of the Association - equality and Victor Otiniano justice for all - depends on the support and participation of caring and progressive individuals like you. A stronger NAACP with a larger, more active membership is the best hope for protecting our freedom and advancing our rights.

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Legislative Action Alerts
No time to send a letter! Contact your Representative on important legislative issues by making a phone call, sending a fax or an e-mail.

We register our outrage and object to the wrongful conviction of Mychal Bell for aggravated battery and conspiracy for the following reasons. Mychal Bell, who is African American, was convicted by an all white jury in a racially charged case. Mychal Bell’s public defender did not put on any evidence and did not call any witnesses.

Email Address: Branch Website: Washington Bureau Email: National Website:
Publisher: NAACP- LB Branch Editor: Naomi Rainey Asst. Editors: Michelle Guerrero Intern: Trevon Williams Writers: Aaron Day Michelle Guerrero Michelle Arellano\ E’mon E. White

Register to Vote
Voting is a fundamental right and a tool to express your opinion about how the government should function and who should be its leaders. By voting, you are exercising your right to be a part of the decision-making process that determines who will represent you, your family, and your neighbors at the local, state, and federal levels.
Photos: Clarence Long (562) 426-4767
Graphic Designs: Greene Graphics Studio 562.427.3968 • ** Reprints from Crisis Long Beach Times Long Beacn Press Telegram Long Beach View Executive Director’s Newsletter NAACP National News Sunnynash LB Public Library

LB NAACP Centennial Edition Sponsors
Michele A. Dobson Wilson: 562.435.0464 Law Offices of Michele A. Dobson-Wilson Josephine S. Gumbiner Foundation Greene Graphics Studio • 562.427.3968 • Dee Andrews: Councilman, 6th District, City of Long Beach, CA • 562.570.6816 Don Knabe: Supervisor, Fourth District County of Los Angeles Dr. F. King Alexander: President CSULB Long Beach Harbor Commission, Port of Long Beach Law Office of Keesal, Young & Logan British Petroleum Caruthers Financial Services Aquarium of the Pacific Rainey-Pierson Properties • Monroe Properties Reginal Harrison, LB Deputy City Manger Long Beach Area Convention and Visitors Bureau Long Beach Firefighters Local 372

Newspaper Advertising Rates
Size A-$50 (Business card) Size B-$100 (1/4 page) Size C-$200 (1/2 page) Size D-$500 (full page) Your Camera-ready ad is due at the NAACP office on or before the first day of the month preceding publication: Deadline for April/May/June issue is May 1st

Deadline for July/August/September issue is August 1st Deadline for October/November issue is November 1st For more information, call 562.856.7586 LB NAACP • P.O. Box 1594 Long Beach, CA 90801

Long Beach Branch NAACP New and Renewing Members
Thomas Moore Mamie Lawson-Dumas Willie Moore Dwayne J. Thomas Marketta Nicole McCullum Ernest Moore, II Charles Moore Ernest Moore Jacquelyn Moore Jayne Michelle Moore Margaret Brown William Smart Karen Ross Stephanie Hollon Toni Maria Mosley Janet Hund Natasha A. Smith Patterson Linda C.Young, MPH

Please Print

NAACP Membership Application

This is an invitation to join the NAACP. This is the right time to help the NAACP make our society inclusive for everyone.
Date ______________________________ Mr./Mrs./Ms._____________________________________________ Telephone No. ( ) _________________

Street Address_______________________________________________________________________________ City ________________________________________________ State _______________ Zip _______________ Branch Affiliation _____________________________________________________________________________ Date of Birth __________________________ Renewal Membership No. _______________________ Regular Annual Membership Lifetime Membership

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Mail application and check to: NAACP-Long Beach • P. O. Box 1594 • Long Beach, CA 90801 Please make checks payable to: Long Beach Branch of the NAACP

Thank You for “Joining The Fight For Freedom” Membership Campaign

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